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Full text of "A hand-book of proverbs. Comprising an entire republication of Ray's collection of English proverbs, with his additions from foreign languages. And a complete alphabetical index; in which are introduced large additions, as well of proverbs as of sayings, sentences, maxims, and phrases"

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JOHN'S  ANTIQUARIAN  LIBRARY. 


A 


HAND-BOOK 


OF 


P  ROVERBS. 

COHPBISIirG 
AM  BNTIBB  REPUBLICATION  OF 

RAY'S  COLLECTION  OF  ENGLISH  PROVERBS, 

WITH  HIS  ADDITIONS  FBOM  FOBBION  LANO0AOES 

AMD 

A  COMPLETE  ALFHAfiETICAL  INDEX ; 

III   WBIGH  ABB  DTTBODUOBD 

LABGE  ADD1TI01I8,  AS  WELL  OF   PBOYEEBS  AS  OF   8AYIN06. 
SENTENCES*  MAXIMBp  AND  FHRA8ES»       ^ 

OObLBOTSD  BT 

HBNRT  0.    BOHN. 


LONDON :  QEORGE  BELL  AND  SONS,  YORE  STREET, 

OOYENT  GARDEN, 


1888. 


'^        LIBRARY        ^ 

OF    THE 

LELANO  STANFORD  JUNIOR 

^        UNIVERSITY.       ^ 


4: 4^  I 


nSSTED  BT  WnilAM  CLOWB  AND  80in»  UIOTXIX 
wtAMWcmD  wnuaa  amd  obabuw 


/ 


ADVERTISEMENT. 


Whkh  this  Tolame  was  first  projected,  the  Publisher's  intention 
vu  merely  to  reprint  the  best  edition  of  Ray's  Proverbs,  which 
bid  become  a  scarce  book,  and  to  add  thereto  that  manifest 
desideratam,  an  Alphabetical  Index.  This  alone  would  have 
been  giving  for  a  few  shillings  something  more  complete 
than  bad  ever  been  given  before.  Bnt  on  testing  the  Index, 
while  it  was  yet  in  progress,  he  discovered  that  although  many 
of  the  proverbs  in  Ray  were  duplicate,  and  even  tripUcate, 
under  shades  of  difference,  some  of  those  now  most  current 
were  entirely  omitted.  This  gave  rise  to  a  diligent  examina- 
tion of  other  printed  collections,  of  which  the  publisher  has  a 
coosiderable  number,  and  the  additions  inserted  in  alphabetical 
order  are  the  result.  The  first  280  pages  contain  the  text  of 
Bay  intact,  the  remainder  of  the  volume  (more  than  one  half) 
u  occupied  by  the  Index ;  in  which  the  additions  are  distin- 
go'tthable  by  the  absence  of  numerical  references.  It  had 
been  found  convenient,  in  some  instances,  to  make  one  line  in 
the  Index  serve  as  a  reference  to  several  in  the  body  of  the 
book,  although  there  may  be  slight  differences  between  them. 
In  such  cases,  the  most  current  English  form  of  the  proverb 
is  Qsually  adopted  as  the  key. 


VJ  ADYSBTIBEICBHT. 

Omissions,  imperfections,  and  redundances  are  inseparable 
from  a  work  of  this  kind,  nor  are  any  collections  yet  printed 
entirely  free  from  them ;  the  Publisher  claims  only  to  have 
produced  the  most  comprehensiTe  and  complete  Tolume  of 
proverbs  yet  published  in  the  English  language. 

H.  G.  B. 


AUTHOR'S  PREFACE 

TO  THE  FIRST  EDITION. 


Not  to  detain  the  reader  with  any  long  discourse  concerning  the 
ii^iiia»  definition  and  use  of  proverbs,  my  notion  of  a  proverb  in 
btief  is  this  ;  a  short  m*^tpn«»ft  nr  y^riiJiA  m  common  use,  contain*    .  ^ .  -^ 
mgflome  trope,  figuret  homonTmy.  rhyme,  or  other  novitv  of  oJ^i/Zi-t^^ 
CT^eMion.     it  18  now  some  ten  years  or  more  since  i  began  this     "^ 
»uedaofii;  in  order  to  the  completing  whereof,  I  read  over  all 
former  printed  catalogues  that  I  could  meet  wtth :  then  I  ob- 
ierved  all  that  occurred  in  familiar  discourse,  and  employed  my 
Mends  and  acquaintance  in  several  parts  of  England  m  the  like 
obBenration  and  inquiry,  who  afforded  me  large  contributions. 
When  I  thought  I  had  a  sufficient  stock,  I  began  to  consider  of      7  /^^ 


thoughts,  both  ftlM&dy  practised  by  otners.  1.  The  alphabetical  \.,  < 
ordgr.  2.  The  way  of  neads  or  common  places.  'Ihis  la^t  is  — 
made  use  of  by  ClerFih  his  Adagia  Latino- AngUca,  wherein  he 
assumes  the  heads  of  that  great  work  common^  known  by  the 
Dime  of  Erasmus's  Adages :  though  indeed  it  be  a  complex  of 
tiie  Adages  of  Erasmus,  Junius,  Cognatus,  Brassicanus,  and 
othen ;  and  wherein  the  Chiliads  of  Erasmus  are  miserably  man- 
gled, shuffled,  and  distracted.  To  these  he  accommodates,  and 
with  these  Adages  he  parallels  our  English  ones,  as  many  as  he 
ean.  ^^^JH  ^ny  ^f  htndn  ftr  f^TnTT^on-phMieg,  I  have  rejected  upon 
serersl  considerations. 

1.  Deuaiue  the  number  of  common-places  would  be  too  great ; 
ot  else  some  proverbs  must  have  been  referred  to  improper  neads 
and  many  titles  would  not  have  had  above  one  or  two  proverbs 
imdertlKm. 

2.  Because,  contrive  your  heads  with  as  much  care  and  ch-cum- 
■pectbn  as  is  possible,  some  proverbs  will  be  found  reducible  to 
more  than  one,  and  so  must  have  been  repeated. 

3.  This  is  no  way  for  finding  any  proverb  upon  occasion ;  so 
that  besides  the  book,  there  would  oe  an  Index  necessary  for 
tbst  purpose,  which  would  be  as  big  as  a  good  p&rt  of  the  book.* 

*  The  Index  given  la  the  present  edition,  (1855)  verifies  Mr.  Bay'i 
alenlation. — ^£d. 


vm  PBSFACE. 

4.  In  the  alphabetieal  way  the  proverbs  most  of  them,  will  be 
found  reduced  to  heads,  as  those,  for  example,  which  belong^  to  a 
beggar,  a  fool,  a  dog,  ahorse,  &c.  will  come  together.  The  method 
I  have  made  choice  of,  is  this  :  yimt^  T  K^yA  nnllftf^  nnt  the  pro- 
erbs  belonging  to  three  heads  or  common-places,  becausg^^e^^ 
e  very  numerous,  and  put  by  themselves  in  the  first  place. 
i«^  j^Ae  remainder  I  have  divided  into  three  general  heads  or  classes. 
g,f^r^rj^\kji.  Complete  sentences.  2,  Phrases,  or  forms  of  speech.   3.  Simi- 
r  ;,i,vi^    .lies.    Tne  nroverbs  belonging  to  each  of  these  heads  I  have  put 
yn  an  alpluilbetical  order ;  not  taking,  as  others  heretofore  have 
done,  the  first  letter  of  any  though  syncategorematical  particle 
that  might  happen  to  stand  foremost  in  the~  sentence,  and  w^hich 
is  both  removable  and  variable  without  any  prejudice  to  the  sense^ 
but  the  first  letter  of  the  most  material  wora,  or,  if  there  be  more 
words  equally  material,  of  that  which  usually  stands  foremost. 
Andunder  every  letter  I  have  also  j3ut  thosfi-Woyds^in  alphabetic 
cal  order,  and  caused  £hemld  be  pniited^in  a  different  character, 
that  so.  with  the  least  cast  of  an  eye,  any  man  may  find  any_pro« 
ve^  of  whiclihfi  remembers  the  most  substantial  words.    All 
superstitious  and  groundless  observations  of  augury,  dsvs,  hours 
^^^ .  and  the  like,  1  have  purnosely  omitted,  because  1  wishtney  were 
^  5^/or;fc^<H^uite  erased  out  of  people's  memories,  and  should  be  loth  to  be 
jm-i  .►rr^j.     any  way  ihstrumentJd  in  tiauHiijiWiiig  them  to  posterity.    Bach 
r^k^JJ  )^ akoAs-Hfe'dpehTy  obscene  I  have  rejected;  yet  accepting  many 
^tJ      ^^^  *"*  homely  and  slovenly,  because  else  I  must  have  JfifiL  out 
i  A-M         *  good_number~bf  the  most  witty  and  significant  of  our  English 
^^    '  ^     proverbs. 

^y^     1  might  have  added  large  commentaries,  shewing  the  original, 

^  /  "^the  meaning  and  use  of  each  proverb  ;  but  that  I  forbear  upon 

good  reasons.    1.  Because  these  proverbs  being  generally  used 

soi^rJL    and  well  known  to  the  vulgar,  I  feared  lest  I  mignt  incur  just 

fitf  <^  ^<     blame  for  endeavouring  to  explain  that  of  which  nobody  is4^o- 

,  rrM'    rant.    2.  Because  it  would  swell  the  book  to  too  great  a  btdk, 

^t^  and  so  render  it  less  useful  and  vendible,  many  wanting  abOitj 

•/-».. .  ^.  ^  or  will  to  purchase,  and  more  leisure  or  patience  to  read,  a  great 

^.^    ^  /      book  :  esteeming,  as  is  commonly  said,  Mtya  pi€kiov  Itrop  rt^  fuyaXtf 

'  '  ^    '  ^  '^"**^  ^^  great  book  is  a  great  evil.) 

" ''  "  And  lest  any  thing  should  be  wanting  in  this  collection,  I  have 

added,  1.  Local  proverbs,  with  their  expUcations,  out  of  Dr.  Th. 
Fuller's  work"  or  the  Worthies  of  England,  adding  thereto  such 
others  as  came  to  my  hands  or  memory  since  the  finishing  of  the 
precedent  Catalogues.  2.  A  catalo^e  of  proverbs  which  T  fyath- 
cred  out  of  formerly  printed  collections  jlinegreatest  part  where- 
of are  not  English,  but  French,  Spanish,  Italian,  Dutch,  or  Welsh 
Englished  ;  for  the  most  part  transcribed  out  of  Mr.  Howel. 
8.  Some  old  English  saws,  and  a  miscellany  of  proverbs,  partly 


L  '> 


PJUCFACS.  IX 

nutie  and  mde ;  partly  such  as  come  to  my  knowledge  after  the 
former  catalogues  were  completed.  Lastly,  to  these  Ihave  added 
theScptehjxQX.^b8,  collected  by  David  "Ferguson^jnijiiBter  of 
Pgntonline;  and  so  mucElhe  rather,  because  they  are  not~^ 
Mrrflowel'ri  BOllwIioiffl: 

The  buiky  Which  I  have  made  nse  of  principally  are,  1.  The 
Children's  Dictionary,  a  book  well  known  formerly  in  schools,  in 
which  there  is  an  alphabet  of  IJatin  yroverbsparalleled  with 
English.  2.  Camden's  Semains,  in  which  also  tnere  are' a  good 
niunbar  of  English  proverbs  alphabetically  disposed.  3.  Clerk's 
eolleetion  before  mentioned.  4.  An  alphabetical  collection  by 
X.  £.  Gent.  5.  Mr.  Herbert's  Jacula  Frudentum.  6.  A  col- 
lection of  many  select  and  excellent  proyerbs  b^  Sobert  Codring- 
ton.  Master  of  Arts.  7.  and  histly,  Farsmiographia  of  Ja. 
Howell,  Esq.  Those  which  I  am  not  assured  to  be  English  pro- 
verbs I  haye  inserted,  yet  put  in  the  Italic  character,^  for  distmc- 
tion's  sake. 


AUTHOR'S  PREFACE  TO  THE  SECOND  EDITION. 

Tkb  former  edition  of  this  Collection  of  English  Proverbs,  fall- 
ing into  the  hands  of  divers  ingenious  persons,  my  worthy 
friends,  in  several  parts  of  this  kingdom,  had  fas  I  hoped  it 
irould)  this  ^ood  effect  to  excite  them,  as  well  to  examine  their 
oim  memories,  and  try  what  they  could  call  to  mind  themselves 
that  were  therein  wanted,  as  also  more  carefully  to  heed  what 
occorred  in  reading,  or  dropped  from  the  mouths  of  others  in 
discourse.  Whereupon,  havmg  noted  many  such,  they  were 
pleased,  for  the  perfecting  of  the  work,  franaly  to  communicate 
them  to  me ;  aU  which,  amounting  to  some  hundreds,  besides  not 
t  few  of  my  own  observations,  I  present  the  reader  with  in  this 
second  edition.  I  dare  notpretengit  tal)e..%oomplete  and  perfect 
caf^loyttA  fff  all  English'^ftoverbs  ;  but  IthinkXiriay,  without, 
arro^aioeraffizm  it  to  be  more  full  and  comprehensive  than  any 
eoUeetion  hiflierto  published.  And  Iljciieve  not  very  many  of 
the  proverbs  generairy  TLSecT  all  England  over,  or  far  diffused 
over  any  considerable  part  of  it,  whether  the  East,  West,  North 
or  Midland  Counties,  nave  escaped  it ;  I  having  had  communi- 
ration  from  observant  and  inquisitive  persons  in  all  those  parte ; 
Qsmely,  from  Francis  Jessop,  Esq.,  of  Broomhall,  in  Sheffield 
Parish,  Yorkshire ;  Mr.  George  Ajitrobus,  Master  of  the  Frco 
Siiool  at  Tamworth,  in  Warwickshire ;  and  Mr.  Walter  Ash 


more,  of  the  same  plaoe ;  Michael  Biddulph,  G^nt.  of  Poles- 
worth,  in  Warwickfinire,^ deceased;  Mr.  Newton,  of  Leicester  ; 
Mr.  Sheringnam  of  Cains  Colle^,  in  Cambridge ;  Sir  Philip 
Sldppon,  01  Wrentham  in  SufTolk,  Knight ;  Mr.  Andrew  Pas- 
chaD,  of  Chedsey,  in  Somersetshire :  and  Mr.  Francis  Brokesby. 
of  Sowlev,  in  the  £a8t  Biding  of  Yorkshire.  As  for  Local  Pro* 
verbs  of  lesser  extent,  proper  to  some  towns  at  villages,  as  they 
are  very  numerous,  so  are  they  hard  to  be  procured ;  and  fe^v^  of 
them,  could  they  be  had,  very  quaint  or  significant. 

If  any  one  shall  find  fault,  tlmt  I  have  inserted  many  finfi^lieb 
phrases  that  are  not  properly  Proverbs,  though  that  word  be 
taken  in  its  greatest  latitude,  and  according  to  my  own  definition 
of  a  Proverb,  and  object  that  I  might  as  well  have  admitted  all  the 
idioms  of  the  English  tongue ;  X  answer,  that,  to  say  the  truth, 
I  cannot  warrant  all  those  phrases  to  be  genuine  Jrroverbs  to 
which  I  have  allowed  room  m  this  collection ;  for,  indeed,  I  do 
not  satisfy  myself  in  many :  but  because  they  were  sent  me  for 
such  by  learned  and  inteUigent  persons,  and  who,  1  ought  to  pre- 
sume, understand  the  nature  of  a  Proverb  better  than  myself,  and 
because  I  find  the  like  in  collections  of  Foreign  Proverbs,  both 
French  and  Italian,  I  chose  rather  to  submit  them  to  the  censuro 
of  the  reader,  than  myself  pass  sentence  of  rejection  on  them. 

As  for  the  method  I  have  used  in  the  preface  to  the  former 
edition,  I  have  given  my  reason  why  I  made  choice  of  it,  which 
to  me  does  still  appear  to  be  sufficient.  The  ^^f**^^^^  ftf  fi^nimon- 
places,  if  any  man  think  it  useful,  may  easily  be  suppljedJ^Iaii 
mdex  of  oommon-places.  wherein,  to  each  headTtHe  Proyerbs  ap- 
pertaining, or  reoucibleT  shall  be  referred  by  the  apposition  of 
the  numeral  characters  of  page  and  line. 

Some  Proverbs  the  reader  may  possibly  find  repeated ;  but  I 

dare  say  not  many.    I  know  this  might  nave  been  avoided  by 

running  over  the  whole  book,  and  searcmiiig  for  the  Proverbs,  one 

by  one,  in  all  the  places  where  our  method  would  admit  them 

entry.    But  sloth  and  impatience  of  so  tedious  a  work,  enticed 

me  rather  to  presume  upon  memorjr ;  especially  considering  it 

was  not  worth  while  to  be  very  solicitous  about  a  matter  of  so 

small  importance.    In  such  papers  as  I  received  after  the  copy 

was  out  of  my  hands,  when  I  was  doubtful  of  any  proverb,  X 

chose  to  let  it  stand,  resolving  that  it  was  better  to  repeat  some 

than  to  omit  any. 

/     Now,  whereas  I  understand  that  some  proverbs,  admitted  in 

\  the  former  edition,  ha^e  given  offence^  tp.  Jobof  and  pieus  pcy- 

\  sons,  as  savouring  too  much  of  obscenity,  being  apt  to  suggest 

/impmre  fimcies  to  corrupt  minds,  I  have,  in  IHs  omlttcdjwrt- 
could  suspect  for  such,  save  Dtily  one,  for  the  letting  of  which 
stand,  I  have  given  my  reason  in  the  note  upon  it ;  and  yet  nowr. 


ttpon  better  ^^"iJiftrftti^Ti,  T  (»<;ni1d^ah^hAt  it  wag  alsooMite- 
ijted,  .Jmr  I  would  by  Jio  '      " 

torart, which  I  am  senriT 
ofltaaU'.' 


ifUioiigiri  do  condemn  Uie  mention  of  anything  obscene, 
Trt  I  cannot  think  all  use  of  alovenly  and  dirt;^  words  to  be  such 
a  Tioh^on  of  modesty,  as  to  exact  tne  discarmnft;  all  P^yerbs  of 
viiich  ther  are  inmdients.  j^engjefal  notions  which  many  ill- 
iqaded  Royerbsdo  import,  may.^TthJAt,  dumpenaaltf  for  their 
iKHBety  tanns ;  though  1  could  wiahThe  coulFiVtiH  Of  theih  heuST 
pLtlbeir  sense  into  more  decent  and  cleanly  language.  For  if 
we  ooDsider  what  the  reasons  are  why  the  naming  of  some  excre- 
ments oCfce  bojj,  nrliTT?  sgtttinn  t^ftTif^jn,  rrr  the  parts  employed 
therein,  is.  condemned  we  shall  fincLlKem  to  he,  eith^^lgpBe- 
caiMs  in  ah  ei.eiemmts  -betBg  ofiQanaixe.  to  our  senses,  and  usuairy 
Vtyfttiag  n  i/vo»i*4Tiy  [p  nny  stomachs,  the  words  that  signify  them 
ueaptto4a.«a.tQfiL;  and  for  tiieir  rolation  to  thenirsuch  sYso  as 
denote  those  actions  and  parts  of  the  body  by  which  they  fife 
exp^ftfl  p  ardft^^^^rp  luc  mention  oTthem  is  unciyil,  and  con- 
tnij  to  good  manners ;  or,^OBecause  such' excrements  reflect 
K)mo  dishonour  npon  OUT  oodles,  it  being  reputed  disgracefnl 
to  he  under  a  necessity  of  such  evacuations,  and  to  have  such 
onks  about  us :  and  therefore  modesty  requires  that  we  decline 
the  nsnung  of  them,  lest  we  seem  to  glory  in  our  shame.  Now 
these  reasons  to  me  seem  not  so  weighty  and  cogent,  as  to  neces- 
litate  the  omission  of  so  many  of  the  most  witty  and  significant 
of  Qfor  English  Proverbs.  Yet,,  further^  to  avoid  all  occasion  of 
offence,  I  have,  by  that  usual  expedient  of  putting  only  the  initial  -^'^  ^^^ 
l<rttoia  fnr  tTip  UUcleauIy  words,  so  veOeU  tnem,'  that  j  hope  they  ^  r  ^ '  / 
will  not  turn  the  stomach  of  the  most  nice?  l*or  it  is  the  naming  1 
wchjtoigs  by  their  plain  andproper  appellatives~'thul  is  odious 
«nJ~oBfeiislve ;  when  tEey  come  lapped  up^as  we  say)  in  dean 
linen,  (^Ija^  expressed  rnr  chlique,  figurative,  or  metaphorical 
tenns,)  or  only  intimated  and  pointed  at,  the  most  moaest  can 
hroo^  themweU  enough.  The  appendix  of  Hebrew  Prorerbs  was 
ooBected  and  eommunicated  by  my  worthy  friend  Mr.  Bichard 
bidder,  Sector  of  Eayn,  in  Essex. 

So  1  have  dispatohed  what  I  thought  needful  to  premise  either 
for  my  own  excuse,  or  the  reader's  satisfaction,  to  whose  favour^ 
tbie  acceptance  X  recommend  this  work. 

J.  RAY. 


PBEFACS. 


EDITOR'S  PREFACE  TO  THE  FOURTH  EDITION. 

LiTTLB  need  to  be  said  concerning  the  nature  and  use  of  tha 
subject  of  this  book,  conveying  at  once  entertainment  and  profit, 
as  tne  wise  man  observes,  like  apples  of  gold  in  pictures  of  silver. 
A  proverb  is  usually  defined,  an  mstructive  sentence,  or  oonunon 
and  pithy  saying,  in  which  more  is  generally  designed  than  ex- 
pressed ;  famous  for  its  peculiarity  and  elegance,  and  therefore 
adopted  by  the  learned  as  well  as  the  vulgar,  by  which  it  is  diB- 
tinguishea  from  counterfeits,  which  want  such  authority. 

It  owes  its  original  and  reputation  to  the  sayings  of  wise  men, 
allusions  of  the  ancient  poets,  the  customs  of  countries,  and 
manners  of  mankind,  adapted  to  common  use,  as  ornaments  of 
speech,  rules  of  instruction,  arguments  of  wisdom,  and  maxims 
of  undeniable  truth. 

The  peculiarity  of  proverbs  arises  sometimes  from  the  novelty 
of  an  expression,  which  strikes  the  fancy  of  the  hearer,  and  en- 
Images  him  to  convey  it  do?m  to  posterity.  Sometimes  the  thing 
itself  discovers  its  own  elegance,  and  charms  men  into  an  uni- 
versal reception  of  it.  It  is  also  frequently  beholden  to  the  pro> 
priety  or  the  ambiguity  of  a  word,  for  its  singularity  and  appro- 
bation. In  short,  brevity,  without  obscurity,  ia-mc  ^rery  soul 
of  it. 
^  The  dignity  also  of  proverbs  is  self-evident.     They  are  not  to 

.      y^     be  reckoned  insignificant  trifles,  only  fit  for  School-boys,  since 
^  ^    jr^ '  the  most  leamea  among  the  ancients  studied  and  recorded  them 
,^  in  lasting  monuments  of  fame,  and  transmitted  them  to  their 

^  successors  as  the  most  memorable  instructions  of  human  life, 

either  in  point  of  regular  conduct,  or  common  prudence.  Plu- 
tarch, Theophrastus,  Plato,  and  Erasmus,  with  many  others, 
thought  the  Knowledge  of  them  an  honourable  study. 

Solomon  compiled  a  book  on  this  subject,  the  noblest  in  the 
world,  the  design  of  which  is  to  shew,  tliat  a  proverb  is  the  inter- 
pretation of  the  words  of  the  wise,  Prov.  i.  6.    There  is  scarce  any 
part  of  the  sacred  writings  in  which  they  are  not  to  be  found. 
.  I    ^k*       Their  usefulness  is  at  least  equal  to  their  dignity^as  they  con- 
\y'     V  duce  to  the  understanding  of  philosophy,  of  whicn  tEg^  are  the 
,J  ]f      .  Jj^ery  remains,  and  are  adapted  effectually  to  persuade :  Tbr^whSt- 
i,\^"i    can  strike  more  than  universal  truths,  well  appfed'tD  a  point  ia 
. .    '  ^    A   question  P    They  drive  the  nail  home  in  discourse,  and  clinch  it 
with  the  strongest  conviction :  for  which  reason  Aristotle,  in  his 
Rhetoric,  places  proverbs  among  the  undeniable  testimbnies  of 
truth.     Quintilian,  on  account  of  their  veracity  and   success, 
oommendc  them  as  helps  to  the  art  of  speaking 'Sfidwnti&g  well 


Hie  ttndereton^g  of  adagea  is  not  half  so  difScnlt  m  the 
knack  of  applving^tnem  with  propriety j^  and  therefore  they  arc 
not  to  be  nfleaas  meat,  but  sance,  or  ^teasoning ;  not  to  clog,  but 
tdtoB:  The  iuu  fhN^lient  use  and  repetition  or^efif  beget  a 
dUS^  and  therefore  they  ought  to  be  introduced  only  at  proper 
\3iDef  and  places ;  for  when  impertinentlT  applied  they  are  not 

tdifljpMtfiil*  hut  even  dar^fiiLone  another. 
'  this  book  there  have  been  three  editions :  the  two  first  pub- 
liilted  by  die  learned  and  ingenious  author  himself;  the  third  in 
tiie  jear  1742,  which  wanted  many  articles  that  were  in  the  former, 
all  which  are  restored  in  this,  with  some  additions,  made  and  in- 
serted through  the  assistance  of  a  learned  gentleman,  by  the 
public's  most  obedient  servant. 

December  5,  1767. 


EDITOR'S  PREFACE  TO  THE  FIFTH  EDITION. 

Teb  object  of  the  Ajithor  in  compiling  this  work,  and  the  plan 
he  panned  in  its  exposition  and  arrangement,  are  so  fully  de- 
tailed in  the  preceding  pages,  as  to  re<](uire  no  illustration.  It 
onij  remains  to  the  ]£litor  to  note  the  improvements  which  this 
impression  of  "  Bat's  Collection  of  English  Proverbs  "  has  un- 
dergone, and  in  what  respects  it  will  be  found  superior  to  the 
edition  of  1768. 

The  book  has  been  attentively  revised ;  the  parallel  Proverbs 
b  French  and  Italian,  corrected,  and,  with  few  exceptions,  mo- 
dernised ;  and  such  additional  applications  have  been  made  from 
sources  in  the  Spanish  and  Portuguese  languages,  as  will,  it  is 
presniDed,  give  tlie  work  a  feature  of  novelty.  The  augmenta- 
tion on  this  head  might  have  been  carried  to  a  much  larger  ex- 
tent, had  not  the  Editor  been  restrained  by  the  consideration 
which  onerated  with  Mil.  Rat  in  the  adoption  of  the  Ghreek  and 
Lfttin  adages,  that  of  unnecessarily  increasing  its  bulk.  Many 
English  proverbs,  omitted  in  former  editions,  are  also  incorpo- 
rated ;  and  those  contributed  by  Mr.  Paschall,  inserted  in  their 
proner  places.  The  Scottish  proverbs  are  restored  to  the  dialect 
of  their  country,  (of  which,  to  render  them  more  intelligible, 
they  had  been  divested,  to  their  manifest  injury  in  terseness  and 
point^^;  and  to  gratify  curiosity,  some  expressions  peculiar  to  the 
Welsn and  the  Irishnave been  interspersed. 


XIT  PBXFACfE. 

To  render  this  volume  more  aooeptable  to  the  pubiio,  the  ori- 
ginal prefiuws  to  the  editions  of  1670,  and  Camb.  1678|  together 
with  the  address  prefixed  to  the  impression  of  1768«  are  re- 
printed. 

With  this  brief  recital  of  the  points  to  which  hie  labours  have 
been  directed,  the  Editor  submits  his  work  to  the  attention  of  the 
Literati  with  much  diflldenoe  and  respect: 

J.  B. 


TIBLE  0?  CONTEMTS. 


Pbotzbbial  Sentences 1 

PbOTEBBS,    Ike.,    BELA.TINO  TO   HeALTH,  DiXT,  AND  FhTEVO      25 
PboTXSBS,    ftc.,    BELATIKG  TO  HUSBAKDRT,  WeATHEB,  AXTD 

THE  Seasons 32 

PSOTERBS,  &C.,  BELATINO  TO   LoYE,  WeBLOGX  AND  WoHSN      41 

As  Alphabet  of  Jociratobt,  Nuoatobt,   and  Rustic 

Psotebbs 49 

Miscellaneous  Fbotxbbs  and  Satinos.  .62 

Pbotbrbs  that  abb  entibb  Sentences  .66 

Pbotebbial  Phbasbs  AND  FoBics  of  Speech,  not  entiee 

SsirTBNCBS  •  .  .        '  .  .    147 

Pbotbebl&l  Similes,  nr  which  the  QuALiipnr  and  Subject 

BEfilN   WITH  the  SAKE  LeTTEB   .  .  .185 

Proyebbial  Bhthes   and  old  Saws    .        »         .         .194 
Phoyerbs  out  of  Dr.  Fuller's  Worthies  of  England     197 


Zfi  COHTXHTB. 


Scottish  Froyekbs 226 

Bbitish  ok  Welsh  Pbotebbs 267 

Ibish  Pbotebbs 270 

Daiobh  Pbotebbs         •  •  .        •  270 

EisTEur  Pbotebbs      .         • 271 

Hxbbew  Pbotebbs 273 


As  ALPHABBIIGiX  IlTDEX  TO   Rlt's  PbOTEBBS,    EKLABOED 

BT  BXTBHSITB  ADDITTONS  FBOK  OTHXB  80UBCX8  .    281 


COMPLETE  COLLECTION 

at 

ENGLISH    PROVERBS, 

BTC.     BTC. 


scrreNCES  and  phrases  found  in  former  colleo 

TI0N8  OF  PROVERBS,  MOST  OF  THEM  IN  COMMON  USB, 
OB  BORROWED  FROM  OTHER  LANGUAGES. 


Ajb'ii<|uri'£  is  not  always  a  mark  of  verity. 

Better  go  about  than  faU  into  the  ditch. — Span.    Mas  vaU 

rodear  que  no  ahogar. 
The  absent  are  always  at  fault.  Fr,  Les  ahienta  <mt  tauftmn  tort 
In  TaiD  he  craTes  advice  that  will  not  follow  it. 
When  a  thing  ia  done,  advice  comes  too  late. 
Be  alow  of  giving  advice,  ready  to  do  a  aervice.     ItaL 
Gire  advice  to  all ;  but  be  security  for  none. 
If  yon  wish  good  advice,  consult  an  old  man.     J^ort, 
Though  old  and  wise,  yet  still  advise. 
It's  an  iU  edr  where  nothing  is  to  be  gained. 
No  al^ffmy  like  saving. 
Good  ale  is  meat,  drink,  and  cloth. 
Anger  dieth  quickly  with  a  good  man. 
He  that  is  a:ngry  is  seldom  at  ease. 
For  what  thou  canst  do  thyself  rely  not  on  another. 
The  wholesomest  meat  is  at  another  man's  cost 
No  one  knows  the  weight  of  another's  burden. 
When  you  are  an  anvU,  hold  you  still ; 
V^lien  you  are  a  hammer,  strike  your  fill*    lUU. 

B 


2  VBOTSVBIAL  9EBTKSCEB. 

The  Of  4  clBspeth  tier  yoang  so  long  that  at  laat  she   killetb 

them. 
An  ape  is  an  ape,  a  Tariet's  a  rariiit. 
Though  thej  be  dad  in  sUk  or  scarlet.     Spim, 
Aunque  tisiays  a  la  mona  de  s^da,  wuma  m  qudday. 
A  broken  apothecary',  a  new  doctor. 
ApothecartM  woold  not  give  pills  in  sugar  unless  they   were 

bitter. 
Better  ride  ou  an  om  that  carries  me,  than  a  horse  that  throws 

me. — Span,    Mm  quero  atno  que  tne  lece,  que  cavallo  que  me 

derruhe. 
When  all  men  say  you  are  an  aw»  it  is  time  to  bray.     Span, 
Ask  but  enoueh,  and  you  may  lower  the  price  as  you  list. — 

Span. — ItM,     According  to  that  tii  Latin :  Oporiet  iniquutn 

petas,  ut  aquum  feras :  Tou   muet  ask  what  u  w^'ust  thai 

you  may  obtain  u:hat  is  just 

B. 

Be  not  a  baker  if  your  head  be  of  butter.     Span.  • 
The  balance  distinguishes  not  between  gold  and  lead. 
There's  no  great  banquet  but  some  fare  ill. 
One  barber  shayes  not  so  close  but  another  finds  work. 
On  a  good  bargain  think  twice.     Ital. 
Barefooted  men  should  not  tread  on  thorns. 
Bashfulness  is  an  enemy  to  poTerty. 
Better  to  be  beaten  than  be  in  bad  company. 
BeaiUy  is  a  blossom. 
Beauty  draws  more  than  oxen. 
Beauty  is  no  inheritance. 
The  beggar  is  never  out  of  his  way. 
The  beggar  may  sing  before  the  thief. 
Cantabit  vacutu  coram  latrone  viator. 
Better  die  a  beggar  than  live  a  beggar. 
Such  a  beginning  such  an  end. 
He  that  makes  his  bed  ill  lies  thereon. 

If  the  bed  could  tell  all  it  knows,  it  would  put  miuiy  to  (he ' 
blush. 

I 

He  who  lies  long  in  bed  his  estate  feels  it. 
Who  looks  not  before,  finds  himself  behind. 
Bells  call  others  to  church,  but  enter  not  themselves. 
Be  not  too  hasty  to  outbid  another. 


PBOYERBIAL  SBITTSVCES.  3 

Wbat  »  bought  is  cheaper  than  a  gift. — Port,     Mais  borate 

he  0  comprado  que  o  pedido, 
^Vho  bath  bitter  in  his  mouth  spits  not  all  sweet. 
The  blind  man's  wife  needs  no  painting.     Span, 
For  whom  does  the  blind  man's  wife  paint  herself?      La 

augir  del  ciego,  pbra  quihi  se  afeyta  ? 
He  is  Hind  enough,  who  sees  not  through  the  holes  of  a 

sieve.     Span, 
That  which  blossoms  in  the  spring,  will  bring  forth  fruit  in  the 

autunm. 
He  that  blows  in  the  dust,  fills  his  own  eyes. 
The  body  is  the  socket  of  the  soul. 
It  is  easy  to  bowl  down  hill. 
Brabblinj  curs  never  want  sore  ears. 
The  brain  that  sows  not  com,  plants  thistles. 
The  ass  that  brays  most,  eats  least. 

Would  you  have  better  bread  than  is  made  of  wheat  ?  Ital, 
Bread  with  eyes,  and  cheese  without  eyes. — Span,     Pan  con 

ojos,  y  queso  sin  ojos. 
.\s  I  breWf  so  I  must  driuk.     Some  say,  as  I  brew,  so  I  must 

bake. 
Iliere  is  no  deceit  in  a  brimmer. 

Between  two  brothers,  two  witnesses  and  a  notary.     Span. 
BnUduig  is  a  sweet  impovenshing.    {It  is  called  the  Spanish 

plague :  there/ore,  as  Cato  well  saith.  Optimum  est  aliena 

insaniajrui,) 
Bttilding  and  the  marrying  of  children  are  great  wasters.  Fr, 
The  greatest  burdens  are  not  the  gainfuUest. 
To  buy  dear  is  not  bounty. 
Buy  at  a  market,  but  sell  at  home.     Span, 
Comprar  en  heria,  y  vender  en  casa, 

C. 

Thxbs  is  no  eake  but  there  is  the  like  of  the  same  make. 

la  a  cairn  sea  every  man  is  a  pilot. 

A  good  eandle'holder  proves  a  good  gamester. 

If  thou  hast  not  a  capon,  feed  on  an  onion.     Fr, 

The  cat  is  hungry  when  a  crust  contents  her. 

The  liquorish  cat  gets  many  a  rap. 

h*s  a  bad  catue  that  none  dare  speak  in. 


4  PROYEBBIAL  BEKTEKCES. 

He  that  ehastueth  one,  amendeth  many. 

The  charitable  give  out  at  the  door,  and  God  puts  in  at  tb< 

window. 
Though  the  fox  runs,  the  ehieken  hath  wings. 
The  ehieken  is  the  country's,  but  the  city  eats  it. 
Woe  to  the  house  where  there  is  no  ehiding. 
The  child  saith  nothing  but  what  he  heard  at  the  fire.     Span, 
To  a  ehild  all  weather  is  cold. 

When  ehildren  stand  quiet,  they  ha^e  done  some  harm. 
What  ehildren  hear  at  home,  soon  flies  abroad. 
Children  are  poor  men's  riches,  certain  cares,  but  uncertain 

comforts ;  when  they  are  little,  they  make  parents  fools  j 

when  great,  mad. 
He  that  has  no  ehildren  knows  not  what  is  love.     ItaL 
A  light  Chrtetmae  a  heavy  sheaf. 
The  choleric  drinks,  the  melancholic  eats,  the  phlegmatic 

sleeps. 
Who  never  climbed,  never  fell. 
After  clouds  comes  clear  weather. 

Give  a  eloum  your  finger,  and  he'll  take  your  whole  hand. 
Cobblers  and  tinkers  are  the  best  ale-drinkers. 
The  cock  crows  and  the  hen  goes. 

When  you  ride  a  young  colty  see  your  saddle  be  weU  girt. 
The  comforter^s  head  never  aches.     Ital, 
He  commands  enough  that  obeys  a  wise  man.     Itail, 
It's  good  to  have  company  in  trouble.     Solamen  miseris  soeios 

habuisse  doloris. 
Keep  good  men  company,  and  you  shall  be  of  the  number. 
Coiyfession  of  a  fault  makes  half  amends  for  it. 
He  that  contemplates,  hath  a  day  without  a  night. 
He  may  well  be  contented  who  needs  neither  borrow  nor  Hatter. 
Clear  conscience,  a  sure  card. 
He  that  converse th  not  with  men,  knoweth  nothing. 
Com  in  good  years  is  hay  ;  in  ill  years  straw  is  com. 
Com  is  cleansed  with  the  wind,  and  the  soul  with  chastening. 
He  covers  me  with  his  wings,  and  bites  me  with  his  bill. 
A  covetous  man  is  like  a  dog  in  a  wheel,  that  roasteth  meat 

tor  others. 
A  dry  cough  is  the  trumpeter  of  death. 
Keep  counsel  thyself  first. 
Gfive  neither  counsel  nor  salt  till  you  are  asked  for  it.     ICai 


PBOTXBBIAL  BIKTEH0B8.  5 

Cwmdi  in  wise  Mldom  prosper. 
He  that  will  not  be  eaujuelled  cannot  be  helped. 
Omrteiy  on  one  side  nerer  laita  long. 
CovrU  have  no  almanacks. 

A  friend  at  court  is  better  than  a  penny  in  the  pune* 
Craft  bringeth  nothing  home. 
To  t  enuy  ship  all  winds  are  contrary. 
Credit  lost  is  like  a  Venice  glass  broken. 
He  that  has  lost  his  credit  is  dead  to  the  world. 
No  man  ever  lost  his  credit,  but  he  who  had  it  not. 
He  getteth  a  great  deal  of  credit  who  payeth  bat  a  small  debt. 
Crooie^  logs  make  straight  fires.  [Ital. 

Cntset  are  ladders  that  lead  to  heaven. 
Carrion  crows  bewail  the  dead  sheep,  and  then  eat  them.  Ital. 
Cndty  is  a  tyrant  always  attended  with  fear. 
\nio  IB  a  cuckold^  and  conceals  it,  carries  coals  in  his  bosom. — 
Spot,     Ottien  es  eomudo,  y  calla^  en  el  corazon  trae  un 

Ut  erery  cuckold  wear  his  own  horns. 
In  nin  and  snnshine  cuckolds  go  to  heaven. 
A  aU'pur$e  is  a  sure  trade,  for  he  hath  ready  money  when  hir 
work  is  done. 

D. 

Ton  dimce  in  a  net,  and  think  nobody  sees  you. 

When  all  is  gone  and  nothing  left, 

Whtt  avails  the  dagger  with  dudgeon-heft  ? 

The  dauger  past,  and  God  forgotten. 

'^0  ijoy  passeth  without  some  grief. 

A  bad  ^  never  hath  a  good  night. 

Srery  diiy  has  its  night,  every  weal  its  woe.     Danish. 

De^men  go  away  with  the  injury. 

It's  a  wicked  thing  to  make  a  demrth  one*B  gamer. 

^A  keeps  no  cuendar. 

Men  fear  death  as  children  to  go  in  the  dark. 

Better  to  go  to  bed  snpperless  than  to  get  up  in  debt.    Span* 

He  tbat  gets  out  of  debt,  grows  rich. 

^^  are  fruits,  words  are  but  leaves. 

I^  are  males,  and  words  are  fenudea. — Ital.     I  fatti  sono 

"wcA^  le  parole /mine, 
I^^ures  an  nooriahed  by  delage. 


0  PBOTKRBIAL   SENTENCES. 

He  loseth  his  tbanks  who  promiseth  and  delayeth.     Gratia  oA 

officio,  qucd  mora  tardat,  abest, 
A  man  may  lose  his  goods  for  want  of  demanding  them.      Op^ 

tima  nomina  non  appellando  fiunt  mala. 
First  deserve,  and  then  desire. 
Desert  and  reward  seldom  keep  company. 
Discreet  women  have  neither  eyes  nor  ears.     ^. 
Sweet  discourse  makes  short  days  and  nights. 
Diseases  are  the  tax  on  pleasures. 
All  her  dishes  are  chafing-dishes. 
The  devil  is  not  always  at  one  door. 
It*8  an  ill  battle  where  the  devil  carries  the  colours. 
Diversity  of  humours  breedeth  tumours. 
A  man  may  cause  his  own  dog  to  bite  him. 
The  dog  who  hunts  foulest,  hits  at  most  faults. 
When  a  dog  is  drowning,  every  one  offers  him  water. — Fr, 

Quand  un  chiense  noge,  chacun  lui  offre  d  boire. 
Dogs  wag  their  tails  not  so  much  in  love  to  you  as  to   yonr 

bread.     Span. 
Dogs  gnaw  bones  because  they  cannot  swallow  them.     Ital, 
Do  what  thou  ought,  let  come  what  may. 
A  noble  house-keeper  needs  no  doors. 
Do  as  the  friar  saith,  not  as  he  doth.     Span. 
A  great  dowry  is  a  bed  full  of  brambles.     Span. 
Fine  dressing  is  a  foul  house  swept  before  the  windows. 
He  was  hang'd  that  left  his  drink  behind. 
Who  loseth  his  due  getteth  no  thanks. 

E. 

Go  early  to  the  fish-market,  and  late  to  the  shambles.     Span. 

Wider  ears  and  a  short  tongue. 

Think  of  ease,  but  work  on. 

That  which  is  easily  done  is  soon  believed. 

Who  eats  his  dinner  alone,  must  saddle  his  horse  alone.  Sptin. 

Quien  solo  cbme  su  gallo,  solo  ensille  su  cavallo. 
Eat  to  live,  but  do  not  live  to  eat. 
You  cannot  hide  an  eel  in  a  sack. 
Good  to  begin  well,  better  to  end  well. 
Ln  the  end  things  will  mend. 


FBOTXBBIiX  BXNTSNOES*  7 

He  that  enAtreth,  ia  not  OTercome. 

No  man  knows  better  what  good  is,  than  he  that  has  mdund 

evil. 
If  Toa  wonld  make  an  enemy,  lend  a  man  money,  and  ask  it  o( 

bim  again.     Port, 
For  a  flying  enetrnf  make  a  silver  bridge.     Span. 
&ry  never  enriched  any  man. 
Of  etH  grain  no  good  seed  can  come. 
Bear  with  evil,  and  expect  good. 
£nl  gotten,  evil  spent.     Mal^  porta  mali  dUahuntur. 
That  which  ia  evU  is  soon  learnt. 
EtQ  that  Cometh  out  of  thy  mouth  flieth  into  thy  bosom. 

F. 

Who  hath  9^  fair  wife,  needs  more  than  two  eyes. 

Fair  is  not  ^ur,  but  that  which  pleaseth.— iila^.  Non  h  hello 

quel*  ch'  h  hello  ma  ^  hello  quel'  che  piace. 
A /air  woman,  and  a  sksh'd  gown,  fund  always  some  nail  in 

the  way.     Ital. 
One  may  sooner  ^^  than  rise. 
FaU  not  out  with  a  friend  for  a  trifle. 
If  I  were  to  faU  backwards,  I  should  break  ipy  nose. — ItiU. 

i.  0  I  am  so  foiled  in  every  thing  I  undertake. 
It  is  a  poor  family  that  hath  neither  a  whore  nor  a  thief  in  it. 
kfat  house-keeper  makes  lean  executors, 
kfat  kitchen,  a  lean  will. — Ital,     Qrassa  eueina  magro  tei' 

tamento. 
Every  one  basteth  the/<i^  hog,  while  the  lean  one  bumeth. 
Teach  jovlt  father  to  get  children. 
Such  K  father  such  a  son.     Span, 
The/tffii^y  stands  on  his  guard. 
Erery  onesfaulte  are  not  written  on  their  foreheads. 
Better  pass  a  danger  once  than  be  always  in  fear,    Ital. 
Fear  not  the  loss  of  the  beU  more  than  the  loss  of  the  steeple* 
Beckon  right,  and  February  hath  thirty-one  days. 
He  that  hath  ti  feUouHrtder  hath  an  over-ruler. 
Fiddkr^s  fare ;  meat,  drink,  and  money. 
Take  heed  yon  Jind  not  that  you  do  not  seek.     JttU, 
Well  may  he  smell  of  fire  whose  gown  bumeth. 
The/n^  diah  pleaseth  all. 


8  pbovsbbiaj:.  bkktsncis. 

Take  your  wife's  ^«^  advice,  not  her  second.     Span, 

Make  not^A  of  one  and  flesh  of  another. 

Fish  follow  the  bait. 

Fish  make  no  broth. 

In  the  deepest  water  is  the  best^Atin^. 

He  that  is  suffered  to  do  more  than  is  fitting,  will  do  mora 

than  is  lawful. 
No  man  cva  Jlay  a  stone. 
One  Jlawer  makes  no  garland. 
No  one  is  a  fool  always  ;  every  one  sometimes. 
A  fool  is  fulsome. 

A.  fool  demands  much ;  but  he's  a  greater  that  giret  it. 
Fools  tie  knots,  and  wise  men  loose  them. 
If  fools  went  not  to  market,  bad  ware  would  not  be  sold. 

Span. 
One  fool  tnakes  an  hundred.     Span. 
If  you  play  with  a  fool  at  home,  he'll  play  with  you  in  the 

market. 
None  hut  fools  and  fiddlers  sing  at  their  meat. 
Better  a  bare/oo/  than  no  foot  at  all. 
Forgive  any  sooner  than  thyself.     Dr.    Ital. 
The  foremost  dog  catcheth  the  hare. 
The  persuasion  of  the  fortunate  sways  the  doubtful. 
When  fortune  smiles,  take  the  advantage. 
He  who  hath  no  ill /orfune,  is  cloyed  with  good. 
He  that  will  deceive  the  fox,  must  rise  betimes. — Span.     Quiem 

el  diahlo  hh  de  enganar,  de  manana  sehade  levantar. 
When  the  fox  is  asleep,  nothing  falls  into  his  mouth.     I^. 

Au  regnard  endormi  rien  ne  ehmt  en  la  gueule. 
Foxes,  when  they  cannot  reach  the  grapes,  say  they  are  not 

ripe. 
The  best  mirror  is  an  old  firimd, — Span.    No  ay  msfor  espejo 

que  el  amigo  viefo. 
hue  without  Sifrtend  is  death  without  a  witness.     Span.    Vida 

sin  amigo,  muerts  sin  testigo. 
Make  not  thy  friend  too  cheap  to  thee,  nor  thyself  to  thy 

friend. 
When  Sk  friend  asketh,  there  is  no  to-morrow. — Spa^.    Quando 

amigo  pide  no  ay  mahana, 
A  friend  is  not  so  soon  gotten  as  lost. 


FBOTEBBIAL  BENTIIfrCSS.  9 

Exft  but  few  firimda^  though  many  acquabtanoei •     l^m, 

QmoddoB  mu^My  amigoBpoeos, 
In  time  of  ^Tov^mty^  friends  will  be  plenty ; 
hi  time  of  adversity,  not  one  amongst  twenty. 
A  tree  is  known  by  itB^h^f^,  and  not  by  its  leaves. 
T\»fiirther  we  go,  the  further  behind. 

G. 

Who  would  be  a  gmtlemany  let  him  storm  a  town. 

Ifs  not  the  gay  coat  makes  the  geniUman, 

He  gictth  twice  that  gives  in  a  trice.     Bi9  dot  qui  eito  dot* 

A  gift  long  waited  for  is  sold,  and  not  given.  Ihno  moUo 
MpiiaUo,  ^  vmdttio,  nan  danato,     ItaL 

Giving  is  dead  now-a-dayd,  and  restoring  very  sick. 

Who  gion  thee  a  capon,  give  him  the  leg  and  the  wing.  Span. 

To  gvet  and  keep  there  is  need  of  wit. 

A  man  of  gladness  seldom  falls  into  madness. 

What  your  glass  tells  you  will  not  be  told  by  counsel. 

He  that  hath  a  head  made  of  glass  must  not  throw  stones  at 
another.  Span.  Si  teneys  la  eabe^a  de  vidro,  no  os  tomeys  a 
pedradas  co-migo. 

Who  bath  glan^ndows  must  take  heed  how  he  thrown 
stones  . — Span.  To  understand  this  proverb,  it  is  neces- 
sary to  remark,  that,  owing  to  the  heat  of  the  climate, 
the  windows  in  Spain  are  seldom  glazed. 

Do  not  say  go,  but  gae ;  «.  e.  go  thyself. 

God  deprives  him  of  bread  who  likes  not  his  drink. 

God  healeth,  and  the  physician  hath  the  thanks. 

Get  thy  spindle  and  thy  distaff  ready,  and  Ood  will  send  thee 
flax :  i.  e.  Let  us  do  our  duty,  and  refer  the  rest  to  God's 
providence. 

God  Cometh  ¥rith  leaden  feet,  but  striketh  with  iron  hands. 

When  Qod  pleases  it  rains  with  every  wind.     Fort. 

God  comes  at  last  when  we  think  he  is  farthest  off.     Bah 

God  hath  often  a  great  share  in  a  httle  house.     Fr. 

God,  our  parents,  and  our  master,  can  never  be  requited.  jPV*. 

No  lock  wiU  hold  against  the  power  of  gold.     Span. 

You  may  speak  with  your  gold^  and  make  other  tongues 
dumb.  Where  gold  speaks  every  tongue  is  silenced. — ItaL 
Dove  Faroparla,  ogni  lingua  taee. 


10  FBOTEBBIAL  BEKTBKCBS. 

Wlien  we  have  gold  we  are  ia  fear,  wLen  we  have  none  we  arc 
in  danger.     Ital. 

A  pood  thing  is  soon  snatched  up. 

A  handful  of  good  life  is  better  than  a  bushel  of  learning. 
Mt'eux  vaut  un  poing  de  bonne  vie,  qtte  pleinmuy  declergie, — 
Fr.  The  Spaniards  sag,  A  handful  of  common  sense  is 
worth  a  bushel  of  learning.  Mas  vale  puTuido  de  natural^ 
qtte  almosada  de  soiencia. 

One  never  loseth  by  doing  good  turns. 

Good  and  quickly  seldom  meet. 

Goods  are  theirs  who  enjoy  them.     Ital. 

Gossips  and  frogs  drink  and  talk. 

The  greatest  strokes  make  not  the  best  music. 

There  could  be  no  great  ones  if  there  were  no  little. 

He  that  gropes  in  the  dark  finds  that  he  would  not. 

Many  things  grow  in  the  garden  that  were  never  there. 

The  groundsel  speaks  not  save  what  it  heard  of  the  hinges. 

He  who  is  a  good  paymaster  is  lord  of  another  man's  purse. 

rtai. 

H. 

Th£  wise  hand  doth  not  all  the  foolish  tongue  speaketh.  La 
mano  cuerda  no  haze,  todo  lo  que  dice  la  lengua  loea.     Span. 

Happy  is  lie  who  knows  his  foUies  in  his  youth. 

The  hard  gives  no  more  than  he  that  hath  nothing. 

Things  hardly  attained  are  longer  retained. 

He  who  would  have  a  hare  for  breakfast  must  hunt  over- 
night. 

Good  harvests  make  men  prodigal,  bad  ones  provident. 

He  that  hath  a  good  harvest  may  be  content  with  some  thistles. 

'Tis  safe  riding  in  a  good  haven. 

The  first  point  of  hawking  is  hold  fast. 

The  gentle  hawk  mans  herself. 

When  the  head  aches  all  the  body  is  the  worse.  Dum  caput 
infestat  labor  omnia  membra  molestat. 

One  is  not  so  soon  healed  as  hurt. 

Health  without  money  is  half  a  sickness.     Ital, 

What  the  heart  thinketh  the  tongue  speaketh. 

Who  spits  against  heaven  it  falls  in  his  face.     Span, 

Hell  is  full  of  good  meanings  and  wishes. 

Hell  ia  paved  with  good  intentions. 


FBOTEBBIAL  SElTTlirOSS.  11 

King  Emvry  robbed  the  clmrcb  niid  ilied  poor. 

The  high-wmf  is  never  aboat. 

Look  high^  and  fall  into  a  cow-turd. 

Ererj  man  is  best  known  to  himself. 

Better  my  hog  dirty  home  than  no  hog  at  ail. 

Drj  bread  at  home  is  better  than  roast-meat  abroad* 

He  IB  wise  that  is  honest.     Ital, 

Of  all  crafts,  to  be  an  honest  man  is  the  master-craft. 

A  man  never  surfeits  of  too  much  honesty, 

liek  honeg  with  your  little  finger. 

He  that  Ucks  honey  from  thorns,  pays  too  dear  for  it.     A. 

Trop  achepte  le  miel  qui  sur  espines  le  leche. 
Ecneg  is  sweet,  but  the  bee  stings.     Ital. 
Eanouir  and  ease  are  seldom  bed-fellows. 
Eope  is  a  good  breakfast,  but  a  bad  supper. 
He  that  Hves  in  hope^  dance th  without  a  minstrel.     Span, 
The  horse  thinks  one  thing,  and  he  that  rides  him  another. 
Lend  thy  horse  for  a  long  journey,  thou  mayest  hnve  him 

return  with  his  skin. 
All  things  are  soon  prepared  in  a  well*ordered  howe. 
The  foot  on  the  cradle,  and  hand  on  the  distaff,  is  the  sign  of 

a  good  housewife.     Span. 
An  humble^ee  in  a  cow-turd  thinks  himself  a  king.     Or,     A 

beetle  in  a  oow-turd,  &c. 
A  hungry  man,  an  angry  man. 
Husbands  are  in  heaven  whose  wives  chide  not. 
Be  a  good  husband,  and  you  will  get  a  penny  to  spend,  a 

penny  to  lend,  and  a  penny  for  a  friend. 

I,  J. 

iDLMNEsa  turns  the  edge  of  wit. 

Idleness  is  the  key  of  beggary. 

Jest  not  with  the  eye,  nor  religion.     Span. 

l^e  truest  ^'e«^  sound  worst  in  guilty  ears. 

Better  be  ill  spoken  of  by  one  before  all,  than  by  all  before 

one. 
An  Hi  stake  standeth  longest. 
There  were  no  iU  language  were  it  not  iU  taken. 


14  PBOTEBBIAL  8ENTEKCB8. 

Honest  men  many  soon,  wise  men  not  at  all.     72a/. 

He  who  nuunriM  a  widow  will  often  have  a  dead  man's  bead 

thrown  in  his  dish.     Bpan^ 
He  who  vM/rriM  for  wealth,  sells  his  liherty. 
Who  marriei  for  love  without  money,  hath  good  nights  and 

sorry  days.    lUU.     Span. 
One  eye  of  the  master  sees  more  than  four  of  the  servant's. — 

Ital,    Fiu  vide  un  oechio  del  patron  ehe  qttaUro  de*  servitart. 
Though  the  mastiff  he  gentle,  yet  hite  him  not  hy  the  lip. 
Use  the  means,  and  God  will  give  the  hlessing. 
Meaeure  thrice  what  thou  huyest,  and  cut  it  hut  once.     Ital. 
Measure  is  a  merry  mean. 
AU  men  row  galley  way. — Ital.  t.  e.  Every  one  draweth  to* 

wards  himself. 
He  is  not  a  merchant  hare,  that  hath  money's  worth,  or  ware. 
It  is  good  to  he  meny  at  meat. 
Mettle  is  dangerous  in  a  blind  horse. 
Mille  and  wives  are  ever  wanting. 
The  mill  cannot  grind  with  the  water  that  is  past 
The  abundance  of  money  ruins  youth. 
The  skilfullest  without  money  is  scorned. 
He  that  hath  money  in  his  purse  cannot  want  a  head  for  his 

shoulders. 
Ready  money  will  away. 
M^ney  is  that  art  that  hath  turned  up  trump. 
Money  is  welcome  though  it  come  in  a  dirty  clout. 
Would  you  know  the  value  of  money,  go  and  borrow  some. 
The  mominy  sun  never  lasts  a  day.  {^Span, 

The  good  mother  saith  not,  will  you,  but  gives.     lUd, 
Tou  must  not  let  your  mofMe-trap  smeU  of  cheese. 
The  virtue  of  the  mouth  healeth  all  it  toucheth. — Itai.     t.  it. 

Good  language. 
Mueie  helps  not  the  tooth-ache. 

N. 

Okb  nail  drives  out  another. — 3-.     Un  clou  poueee  VoMtre^ 
A  good  name  keeps  its  lustre  in  the  dark. 
He  who  but  once  a  good  name  gets. 
May  piss  a  bed,  and  say  he  sweats.    Itdl. 
The  evil  wound  is  cured,  but  not  the  evil  nam/e. 
Nature  draws  more  than  ten  oxen. 


PBOYXRBIAL  SBNTENCZS.  15 

Wlio  perisbetli  in  needless  danger  is  the  devil* 8  martyr. 

Seic  meat  begets  a  new  appetite.     Fr, 

\Mien  thy  neighbours  house  is  on  fire,  be  careful  of  thine  owu. 

Tua  res  agitur  paries  cumproximus  ardeU 
lie  that  nins  in  the  night  stumbles. 
Hie  nightingale  and  the  cuckoo  sing  both  in  one  month. 
The  more  noble,  the  more  humble. 
Cold  weather  and  knaves  come  out  of  the  north. 
Nothing  down,  nothing  up. 
Noihmg  haTe,  nothing  crave. 
By  doing  nothing  we  learn  to  do  ill.     NihU  agendo  male  agere 

diseimusm 
It's  more  painful  to  do  nothing  than  something. 
He  that  hath  nothing  is  not  contented. 
The  nurse's  tongue  ia  privileged  to  talk. 

0. 

The  offender  never  pardons.     Ital. 

The  offspring  of  them  that  are  very  old,  or  very  young,  lasteth 

not. 
h'g  ill  healing  an  old  aore. 
He  wrongs  not  an  old  man  who  steals  his  supper  from  him. 

Span. 
If  the  old  dog  barks, he giTescounsel./i^/.Cizn^  vecehio  non  haia 

indamo. 
Old  friends  and  old  wine  are  best.— i^. 
Old  men,  when   they  scorn    young,  make  much  of  death. 

Bather,  as  Mr.  Howell  hath  it.  When  they  sport  vnth  young 

women. 
When  bees  are  old  they  yield  no  honey. 
The  M  man's  staff  is  the  rapper  at  death's  door.     Span, 
An  (M  knave  is  no  babe. 
Where  old  age  is  evil,  youth  can  learn  no  good. 
When  an  old  man  will  not  drink,  go  to  see  him  in  anothet 

world.    Itcd. 
He  who  hath  but  one  hog,  makes  him  fat ;  and  he  who  hath 

hat  one  son,  makes  him  a  fool.     Itah 
He  who  is  wanting  to  one  friend,  loseth  a  great  many. 
(he  shrewd  turn  deserves  auotiiei'. 
Oiu  slumber  invites  another. 
One  fXoTv  U  frood  till  another's  told. 


16  PBOTSBBIAL  8XKTKNCXS. 

All  feet  tread  not  in  one  shoe. 

(f  every  one  would  mend  one^  all  would  be  amended. 

One  and  none  is  aU  one.     Span, 

Once  in  ten  years  one  man  hath  need  of  another.     Itdl. 

There  came  nothing  otd  of  the  sack  but  what  was  in  it. 

He  who  oweth  is  always  in  the  wrone. — Bal,    He  must  endure 

every  insult,  lest  he  incur  his  creditors'  displeasure. 
It's  a  rank  courtesy  when  a  man  is  forced  to  give  thanks  for 

his  <ntm. 
The  smoke  of  a  man*s  cum  house  is  better  than  the  fire   of 

another's.     Span, 
Where  shall  the  ox  go  but  he  must  labour  ? 
Take  heed  of  an  <»r  before,  an  ass  behind,  and  a  monk  on  all 

sides.     Span. 

P. 

Maitt  can  pack  the  cards  that  cannot  play. 

Let  no  woman's  painting  breed  thy  stomach's  fainting. 

Painted  pictures  are  dead  speakers. 

On  painting  and  fighting  look  aloof  off. 

He  that  will  enter  into  Paradise  must  have  a  good  key. 

Say  no  ill  of  the  year  till  it  be  past 

Pardon  all  men,  but  never  thyself. 

Every  path  hath  a  puddle. 

Patch  and  long  sit,  build  and  soon  flit. 

Patience  is  a  flower  that  grows  not  in  everv  one's  garden. 

{An  aUusion  to  the  name  of  a  plant  so  called,  «.  0.  Rhabar 

barum  monachorum.) 
He  who  hath  much  pease  may  put  the  more  in  the  pot* 
Let  every  pedlar  carry  his  own  burden. 
There's  no  companion  like  the  penny.     Span. 
He  that  takes  not  up  a  pin  slights  his  wife. 
He  ihtXpitieth  another  remembereth  himself.     Sipan. 
Play,  women,  and  wine  undo  men  laughing. 
Noble  plants  suit  not  a  stubborn  soil. 
Fly  pleasure,  and  it  will  follow  thee. 
Never  pleasure  without  repentance. 
The  pleasures  of  the  mighty  are  the  tears  of  the  poor. 
If  your  plough  be  jogging  you  may  have  meat  for  your  honoa 
Poor  men  have  no  souls. 


paoTBBBiAL  aiirncKoxB.  17 

Wlio  boHB  loB  pot  mih  chips,  makes  his  broth  smell  of  smoke. 

lUd. 
PocerUf  paiteth  friends  [or  fellowship]. 
Pocertjf  IS  the  mother  of  health. 
Tmepntiie  takes  rooi^  and  spreads. 
Neither  pratw  nor  dispraise  thyself,  thine  actions  serre  Uie 

turn. 
He  that  will  not  be  saved  needs  no  prmteh&r. 
PrtttmsM  dies  quickly. 
Who  draws  his  sword  against  his  prinee  must  throw  away  tlie 

scabbard. 
It's  an  in  proceuum  where  the  devil  holds  the  candle. 
Between  prmmking  and  performing  a  man  may  marry  his 

daughter.     Fr,    Port. 
He^romuM  like  a  merchant,  and  pays  like  a  man  of  war. 
He  who  pramues  rons  in  debt.     I^an, 
Topramite,  and  give  nothing,  is  comfort  to  a  fool. 
He  vi  proper  that  hath  proper  conditions. 
Prmndence  is  better  than  rent. 
He  hath  left  his  pwfe  in  his  other  hose. 
A  fall  jTVTM  makes  the  month  to  speak. 
An  empty  j?t^M  fills  the  face  with  wrinkles. 
Ask  thy  purse  what  thou  shouldst  buy. 
An  empty  ptiree,  and  a  new  house,  make  a  man  wise,  but  too 

late. — Port.  A  holza  vazia^  e  a  caea  aeabadafaz  c  home  eesudo, 

mattarde. 

R. 

It's  possible  for  a  ram  to  kiU  a  butcher. 

The  ruth  [early]  sower  never  borrows  of  the  late. 

A  man  without  reason  is  a  beast  in  season. 

Take  heed  of  enemies  reeonetled,  and  of  meat  twice  boiled. 

Span. 
A  good  recorder  seta  all  in  order. 
Bmove  an  old  tree,  and  it  will  wither  to  deatii. 
When  all  is  consumed,  repentance  comestoo  late. 
He  may  freely  receive  courtesies  that  knows  how  to  requite  them. 
Remre  the  master-blow  :  t .  e.  Teach  not  all  thy  skill*  lest  the 

leholar  over-reach  or  insult  the  master. 
He  who  reveaieth  his  secret,  maketh  himself  a  slave.     Arab, 

0 


Iljl  PBOVEBBIAI.   8B5TEKCrC8. 

Qod  help  the  rich^  the  poor  can  beg. 

Miches  are  but  the  baggage  of  fortune. 

\Vlken  riches  increase,  the  bo4y  decreaaeth.  For  most  mm  ft  on* 

old  hrfore  they  grow  rich. 
Riches  are  hke  mack,  which  stink  in  a  heap,  bet  apre&d 

abroad,  make  the  earth  fruitful. 
It's  easy  to  roh  an  orchard  when  none  keeps  it 
A  rugged  stone  grows  smooth  from  hand  to  hand. 
Mule  lust,  temper  the  tongue,  and  bridle  the  belly. 
Better  to  rule  than  be  ruled  by  the  rout. 
The  rustg  sword  and  empty  purse  plead  performance  of  coTe- 

nants. 

S. 

It's  a  bad  sack  will  abide  no  clouting. 

When  it  pleaseth  not  God,  the  saini  can  do  little. — Span, 

Quando  Dios  no  guiere,  el  santo  no  puede. 
Salmon  and  sermon  have  their  season  in  Lent.    Hr. 
A  sceptre  is  one  thing,  a  ladle  another.    AUa  res  soeptrum,  alis 

plectrum. 
Ton  pay  more  for  your  schooling  than  your  learning  is  wonn. 
Who  robs  a  scholar,  robs  twenty  men.     For  commonhf  he  hor* 

rows  a  cloak  of  one,  a  sword  of  another,  a  pair  of  ooots  of  a 

third,  a  hat  cf  a  fourth,  &c. 
Who  hath  a  scold  hath  sorrow  to  his  sops. 
Being  on  the  sea,  sail ;  being  on  the  land,  settle. 
They  complain  wrongfully  of  the  sea  who  twice  suffer  shipwreck. 
Every  thing  is  good  in  its  season. 

Would  you  know  secrets,  search  for  them  in  grief  or  pleasure. 
He  who  seeketh  trouble  never  misseth  it. 
A  man  must  seU  his  ware  at  the  rates  of  the  market. 
He  who  serves  well  need  not  be  afraid  to  ask  his  wages. 
The  groat  ia  ill  saved  that  shames  the  master. 
It's  a  foolish  sheep  that  makes  the  wolf  his  confessor.     Ital. 
Ships  fear  fire  more  than  water. 
A  great  sh^  asks  deep  waters. 
Judge  not  of  a  sh^  as  she  lieth  on  the  stocks.— /ifaiL     JV^vii 

giudicar  la  nave,  stando  in  terra. 
The  chamber  of  sickness  is  the  chapel  of  devotion. 
Silence  seldom  doth  harm. 
Silence  is  the  best  ornament  of  a  woman. 


SHii  «od  satins  put  out  the  fire  in  the  kitchen. 

He  that  tmfft  on  Friday  shall  weep  on  Sunday. 

The  imfw^-num  keeps  hia  shop  in  his  throat.     Span. 

Sit  in  yonr  place,  and  none  can  make  you  rise. 

if  nu-emjue  will  not.  duee  ace  cannot,  then  quaire  trey  moit. 

I.  e.  The  middle  sort  bear  public  burdens,  taxes,  &c.  most. 
Ikuz  ace  ncnpossunt  et  eizc-udnquc  eokere  nolunt : 
JBU  igitur  notum  quatre  trey  where  totum. 
SUnder  Invea  a  score  behind  it.     Cahimntare  fartit&r  dliquid, 

aHarehit 
He  idio  desireth  to  sleep  soundly,  let  him  buy  the  bed  of  a 

bankrupt.     Span. 
SIM  tumeth  the  edge  of  wit. 
Better  the  last  emdc  than  the  first  laughter. 
A  imiUny  boy  seldom  proves  a  good  servant. 
The  emith  and  his  penny  are  both  black. 
Whether  yoa  boil  enow  or  pound  it,  you  will  have  but  water 

from  it. 
Scrnw  is  good  for  nothing  but  sin. 
When  eorroip  is  asleep  wake  it  not. 
SolHen  in  peace  are  like  chimnies  in  summer. 
Who  wwe  his  com  in  the  field  trusts  in  Qod. 
He  that  epeah  me  fair  and  loves  me  not, 

rU  speak  him  fair,  and  trust  him  not. 
He  diat  epeake  doth  sow,  he  that  holds  his  peace  doth  reap.  Ital. 
SpMcA  is  the  picture  of  the  mind. 
Spend  and  be  free,  but  make  no  vraste. 
To  a  good  ependcr  God  is  the  treasurer. 
1%e  Jews  spend  at  Easter,  the  Moors  at  marriages,  and  the 

Christians  in  suits  of  law.    Ital, 
He  who  more  than  he's  worth  doth  spend. 

Makes  a  rope  his  life  to  end. 
He  who  spmds  more  than  he  should. 

Shall  not  have  to  spend  when  he  would. 
Who  hath  spice  enough,  may  season  his  meat  as  he  pleaseth. 
A  mSn  must  not  y?oil  the  pheasant's  tail. — ItaL     If  a  mi^n 

teU  a  story,  he  should  tell  it  truly. 
If  8  a  poor  tport  that  is  not  worth  the  candle. 
The  best  of  the  sport  is  to  do  the  deed,  and  say  nothing. 
Iliat  which  will  not  be  spun,  let  it  not  come  between  tlie  spin* 

die  and  the  distaff. 

0  2 


20  PBOTXBBIAL  aEKTBKCSS. 

They  steal  the  hog,  and  give  away  the  feet  in  alms.-— Sjkiii. 
A^riar  elpusreo^  y  dor  los  pies  par  Dios,  A  reflection  upon 
those  who  are  charitahle  with  the  wealth  of  others. 

Ste<U  the  goose,  and  give  the  giblets  in  alms. 

Step  after  step  the  ladder  is  ascended. 

Who  hath  none  to  still  him,  may  weep  out  his  eyes. 

The  stillest  humours  are  always  the  worst. 

Who  remove  stones,  bruise  their  fingers. 

Who  hath  skirts  of  straw,  needs  fear  the  fire.     Sjpan, 

Stretch  your  legs  according  to  your  coverlet. 

It's  better  to  be  stunff  by  a  nettle  than  pricked  by  arose.  Spetk 

I  sucked  not  this  out  of  my  fingers'  ends. 

Though  the  sun  shines,  leave  not  your  cloak  at  home. 

In  every  country  the  sun  riseth  in  the  morning. 

He  deserves  not  the  sweet  that  will  not  taste  the  sour. 

T. 

The  tahle  robs  more  than  the  thief. 

Talk  much,  and  err  much.    Span, 

Talking  pays  no  toll. 

They  talk  of  Christmas  so  long,  that  it  comes. 

The  taste  of  the  kitchen  is  better  than  the  smell. 

To  him  that  hath  lost  his  taste,  sweet  is  sour. 

Who  hath  aching  teeth  hath  ill  tenants. 

A  thin  meadow  is  soon  mowed. 

Think  much,  speak  little,  and  write  less. 

The  thorn  comes  forth  with  his  point  forwards. 

He  who  scatters  thorns  let  him  not  go  barefoot.     ItaL 

The  thought  hath  good  legs,  and  the  auill  a  good  tongue.  It  li 

A  thousand  pounds  and  a  bottle  of  hay  is  all  one  thing  ai 

doom's-day. 
There  are  more  threatened  than  struck. 
He  who  dies  of  threats  must  be  rung  to  church  by  farts, 
Ke  that  is  thrown  would  ever  wrestle. 
When  it  thunders,  the  thief  becomes  honest. 
1*he  tide  will  fetch  away  what  the  ebb  brings. 
Time  is  the  rider  that  breaks  youth. 
Every  one  puts  his  fault  on  the  times. 
Soon  todd,  soon  with  Ood.     A  northern  proverb,  when  a  chill 

hath  teeth  too  soon, 
k  long  tongue  is  a  sign  of  a  short  hand. 


FBOY£BBIAL  SSNIBITCBS.  2i 

Better  that  the  feet  slip  than  the  tongue. 

He  that  strikes  with  hu  tongue  must  ward  with  his  head.     f^. 

The  tonfftu^s  not  steel,  yet  it  cuts. 

The  tonpte  hreaketh  bone,  though  itself  have  none. 

The  tongue  talks  at  the  head's  cost. 

Let  not  your  tongue  cut  your  throat.     Arab, 

Too  much  breaks  the  bag.     Span. 

Too  much  scratching  pains,  too  much  talking  plagues.     /V*. 

Drade  is  the  mother  of  money. 

IVade  knows  neither  friends  nor  kindred.     Itai, 

A  tradeenum  who  gets  not,  loseth. 

When  the  tree  is  fallen,  erery  one  goeth  to  it  with  his  hatchet. 

IhUh  and  oil  are  ever  above.     Span,  [IV, 

Truth  hath  a  good  face,  but  bad  clothes. 

Follow  truth  too  close  at  the  heels,  'twill  strikeout  your  teeth. 

U,  V. 

No  cut  like  unhindneee. 
Unknown^  unkissed. 
Unminded,  unmoaned. 

Under  water,  famine ;  under  snow,  bread.     Itdl, 
Valour  that  parleys  is  near  yielding. 

Falow  can  do  little  without  discretion.     Vis  eonsiUi  exper^ 
mole  ruit  sua,    Parvi  sunt  forte  arma  nisi  sit  consilium  domi 
rhat's  not  good  language  that  all  understand  not. 
Who  has  not  understanding,  let  him  have  legs.     Ital 
Where  men  are  well  used,  they'll  frequent  there. 

W. 

Hb  that  waits  on  another  man's  trencher,  makes  many  a  late 

dinner. 
For  want  of  a  nail  the  shoe  is  lost,  for  want  of  a  shoe  the  horse 

is  lost,  for  want  of  a  horse  the  rider  is  lost. 
War  is  death's  feast. 

Who  preacheth  war  is  the  devil's  chaplain. 
War  makes  thieves,  and  peace  hangs  them,    J^.    Ital, 
War,  hunting,  and  law,  are  as  full  of  trouble  as  pleasure. 
He  that  makes  a  good  war,  makes  a  good  peace. 
He  IS  wise  enough  that  can  keep  himself  warm. 
Good  watch  prevents  misfortune. 


22  PEOTEBBIAL  BKirTKVCXS, 

He  that  hath  a  head  of  wax  must  not  walk  in  the  Bun. 

Where  it  is  weakest  there  the  thread  hreaketh. 

Wealth,  like  rheum,  falls  on  the  weakest  parts. 

The  greatest  wealth  is  contentment  with  a  little. 

The  gown  is  her's  that  wears  it,  and  the  world  k  hit  who 

enjoys  it. 
Change  of  weathm'  is  the  discourse  of  fools.     Span. 
Expect  not  fair  weather  in  winter  on  one  night's  iee. 
He  that  goeth  out  with  often  loss. 
At  last  comes  home  hy  weeping  cross. 
Weight  and  measure  take  away  strife. 
He  that  doth  well  wearieth  not  himself. 
WeU  to  work,  and  make  a  fire. 
Doth  both  care  and  skill  require. 
Such  a  welcome,  such  a  ferewell. 
Welcome  death,  quoth  the  rat,  when  the  trap  fell  down. 
As  welcome  as  flowers  in  May. 
I  wept  when  I  was  bom,  and  every  day  shews  why. 
The  tporst  wheel  of  a  cart  creaks  most.     f.  e.    The  least 

capable  of  the  company  engrosses  the  discourse. 
Whores  afinect  not  you  but  your  money. 
Whoring  and  bawdry  do  ouen  end  in  begmry. 
A  man's  best  fortune  or  his  worst  is  a  wtfe. 
He  that  lets  his  w^e  go  to  every  feast,  and  his  horse  drink  at 

every  water,  shall  neither  have  good  wife  nor  good  horse. 

Itnl,  or  thus  : 
He  that  lets  his  horse  drink  at  every  lake. 
And  his  wife  go  to  every  wake, 
ShaU  never  be  without  a  whore  and  a  jade. 
Wife  and  children  are  bills  of  charges. 
The  cunning  wife  makes  her  husband  her  apron.     SpM^. 
The  wife  is  the  key  of  the  house. 
He  that  hath  wife  and  children,  wants  not  business. 
Where  the  mU  is  ready,  the  feet  are  light. 
To  him  that  wxUs,  ways  are  not  wanting. 
With  as  eood  a  wiU  as  ever  I  came  from  schooL 
He  that  aoth  what  he  will,  oft  doth  what  he  ought  not. 
W%U  will  have  wilt,  though  will  woe  win. 
Nothing  is  impossible  to  a  willing  mind. 
Willows  are  weak,  yet  they  bind  other  wood     ItaL 
Pull  down  your  hat  on  the  wind  side.  ^ 


FBOTSRBIAL  BElTrEirCBS.  S3 

A  good  winter  brings  a  good  summer. 

Wins  is  the  master's,  but  the  goodness  is  the  drawer's. 

Wine  in  the  bottle  doth  not  (quench  die  thirst.     IkU. 

Wme  IB  a  turncoat ;  first  a  fnend,  then  an  enemy. 

TfiM  that  costs  noUiing  is  digested  ere  it  be  drank. 

Ton  cannot  know  wine  by  the  barrel. 

Wine  wears  no  breeches. — JF^,    i.  e.     Shewe  what  a  man  (§* 

YoQ  cannot  drire  a  mndmiU  with  a  pair  of  bellows. 

Ton  may  be  a  wise  man  though  you  cannot  make  a  watch. 

Wise  men  care  not  for  what  they  cannot  hare. 

A  wise  man  changes  his  mind ;  a  fool  never. — Span,     11  sabio 

muda  cansefo,  iJneeio,  no. 
It  is  better  to  sit  with  a  wise  man  in  prison,  than  with  a  fooi 

in  paradise.     £us8» 
None  is  so  wise  but  the  fool  overtakes  him. 
Better  to  have  than  to  wish. 
Better  it  be  done  than  wish  it  had  been  done, 
if  you  wish  a  thing  done,  go :  if  not,  send. 
It  is  t^  to  pick  a  lock,  and  steal  a  horse,  but  wisdom  to  let 

them  alone. 
You  have  a  little  wit,  and  it  doth  you  good  sometimes. 
He  had  enough  to  keep  the  wolf  from  the  door.    f.  e.    To 

satisfy  hi^  hunger,  latrantem  stomaehum. 
Wokss  lose  their  teeth,  but  not  their  memory. 
Who  hath  a  wolf  for  his  mate,  needs  a  dog  for  his  man.   Hal, 
Who  keeps  company  with  a  wolf,  will  learn  to  howl.  Ital,  Chi 

praUiea  eon  hfi  impara  h  hurlar. 
Women,  priests,   and  poultry  never  have  enough.       Donne. 

ffrsti  if  poUi  non  son  mat  satoUi, 
Women  are  wise  ou'a  sudden,  but  fools  upon  premeditation.  Ital. 
Women  and  hens  through  too  much  gadding  are  lost.     lial. 
To  teoo  is  a  pleasure  in  young  men,  a  fault  in  old. 
Green  wood  makes  a  hot  fire. 
Wood  half  burnt  is  easily  kindled. 
Better  g^ve  the  wool  than  the  sheep.     Bal,     Heglio  h  dor  in 

lana  che  lapeeora. 
Many  words  will  not  fill  a  bnsheL 
Words  and  feathers  are  tost  by  the  wind. — Span.  Pahhres  y 

pkanas  ei  viento  las  Ueva. 
Good  wordi  without  deeds  are  rushes  and  reeds. 


21  PROVEBBUX  BUTTXirCXS. 

Wmb  spoken  iu  as  eyening,  the  wind  carrieth  away.    72a/. 

In  the  heat  of  conyiyialityy  men  are  apt  to  utter  that  whidi 

should  be  little  regarded. 
One  ill  word  asketh  another. 

They  mnst  hanger  in  frost,  that  will  not  work  in  heat. 
What  IS  a  workman  without  his  tools  f 
There  needs  a  long  time  to  know  the  worUTi  pulse. 
This  world  is  nothing  except  it  tend  to  another. 
A  green  wound  is  soon  healed. 
A  wound  is  not  cured  by  the  unbending  of  the  bow. — Bid.  Tb 

express  sorrow  when  one  has  injured  another,  is  not  suffi« 

cieut  satisfaction. 
Wranglers  never  want  words. 

Y. 

The  more  thy  jfear»,  the  nearer  thy  graye. 

Years  know  more  than  books. 

Youth  will  haye  its  swing. 

Youth  and  white  paper  take  any  impression. 

A  ifoung  man  idle,  an  old  man  needy.     Ital» 

Z. 

Zmal  without  knowledice  is  thd  sister  of  folly. 


25 


PROVERBS  AND  PBOVERBIAL  OBSERVATIONS  BEL0NGU7Q 
TO  HEALTH,  DIET,  AND  PHYSIC. 

^s  ague  in  the  spring  is  physic  for  a  king. 

Tfast  ii,  if  it  cornea  off  well:  for  an  agoe  is  nothing  but  a  strong 
brmentation  of  the  Uood.  Now,  as  in  the  fennentation  at  other  liquors, 
'  ~^  is,  for  the  most  part,  a  separation  made  of  that  which  is  heterogeneous 
misociahle,  whereby  the  hquor  becomes  more  pure  and  defecate,  so  is 
it  aUso  with  the  blood,  which,  by  fermentation,  (easily  excited  at  this  time 
bj  ^jetom  of  the  sun,)  doth  purge  itself,  and  cast  off  those  impure  hete- 
rogeaeoii^  uortiGles  which  it  had  contracted  in  the  winter  time :  and  that 
then  may  oe  carried  away,  after  every  particular  fermentation  or  paroxysm, 
ind  not  a^ain  taken  up  by  the  blood,  it  Ib  necessary,  or  at  least  yery  useful, 
to  sweat  m  bed  ai^er  erery  fit ;  and  an  ague-fit  is  not  thought  to  go  off 
kindly,  unless  it  ends  ii2  %  sweat.  Moreover,  at  the  end  of  the  discMe,  it 
ii  eonrenient  to  purge  the  body,  to  carry  away  those  more  gn^oss  and 
fficolent  parts  whicn  luive  been  separated  by  the  sereral  fermentations,  and 
could  not  so  easily  be  voided  by  sweat ;  or  that  still  remain  in  the  blood, 
though  not  sufficient  to  cause  a  p&TOxysm.  And  that  all  per^ns,  especially 
thofie  of  years,  may  be  lessoned  that  they  neglect  not  to  puree  tneir 
bo£es  amr  the  affue,  I  shall  add  a  very  material  and  nsefui  obser- 
vation of  Doctor  Syaenham's :  Sublato  morw>  ^saith  he,  n>eaking  of  autum- 
Bsl  Feren)  tegtr  aedtUo  purgandua  ut;  increthbile  emm  aiictu  quanta  mot' 
h»vm  fw  es  purgatioma  defietu  postftbret  Auiumnalet  tubnaaeaiur,  Miror 
outm  hoe  a  metUa$  mimit  oaveri^  mMs  aHarn  admoneri,  Quattdoemtqueenim 
ttorhmm  aUnrutrum  (Ftbrom  Urtianam  anU  quartanamj  pauld  provecUoria 
tiatu  kommiiua  accidiue  vtdi,  atque  pmyatiommttiam  omiaaam;  cartoprta^ 
Han  poUii  periadaawn  aUguem  morbum  eoadam  poataa  adonhtnaan^  da  qyo 
taim  HU  mndum  aomniaaarant,  qmai  parfeeU  Jam  aanaii. 

Agues  come  on  horseback,  but  go  away  on  foot. 
A  bit  in  the  morning  is  better  than  nothing  all  day. 

Or,  than  a  thnmp  on  the  back  with  a  stone. 
Toa  eat  and  eat,  but  you  do  not  drink  to  fill  you. 

That  mueh  drinking  takes  off  the  edge  of  the  appetite,  we  see  by  expe- 
rioioe  in  great  drinkers,  who  for  the  most  part  do  fas  we  say)  but  pingle 
at  their  meat,  and  eat  little.  Hippocrates  obserrea,  that  Aifi6v  ^impqlcc 
)''u;  A  good  hearty  draught  takes  away  hunger  after  long  lasting  sooner 
^J  &r  than  eating  would  do.  The  reason  whereof  I  ooaoeiye  ia  be« 
OQse  that  add  humour,  which,  by  rellicating  the  membranes  of  the 
itoiDsdi,  cansea  a  sense  of  hunger,  is  by  copious  ingestion  of  drink  very 
aiwh  diluted,  and  its  acidity  taken  off.  The  Italians  say,  IHo  ti  guarda 
^  aumffiaiora  aha  turn  have. 

An  apple,  an  egg,  and  a  nut,  you  may  eat  after  a  slut.    Poma, 

9M  <Uqu$  nuoetf  n  det  tibi  sordida,  guites. 
Qiildren  and  chickens  must  be  always  picking. 


26  PBOYEBBIAL  OBSEBTATIOITS 

That  is,  ihey  must  eat  often,  but  little  at  a  time.  Often,  because  the  b«iy 
^wing,  reamres  much  addition  of  food;  Uttle  ata  time,  for  feu*  of  op- 
pressing ana  extinguishing  the  natural  heat  A  little  oil  nourishes  tai 
flame ;  out  a  great  dral  poured  on  at  once,  ma;^  drown  and  ouench  it.  A 
man  may  carry  that  by  httle  and  little,  which,  if  laid  on  his  oack  at  onoe, 
he  would  sink  under.  Hence  old  men,  who,  in  this  respect  also,  I  mean  by 
reason  of  the  decay  of  their  spirits  and  natural  heat,  do  again  beooma  chil- 
dren, are  advised  oy  physidans  to  eat  often,  but  little  at  once. 

Old  young,  and  old  long. 

DiotMi  totto  veeekio  §e  vuoi  vivere  kmgammU  veeehio, — Ital.  Maiurijl  oi 
rnnex  n  diu  unex  mM$  veiit.  This  is  alleged  as  a  proYerb  bv  Cicero  in  ^jjs 
hook  de  SmeeiuU.  For  as  the  body  is  preserrea  in  health  hj  mode^tte 
jkbour  or  ezerdse,  so  by  violent  and  immoderate  exertion  it  is  impaired 
and  worn  out.  ^d  as  a  neat  excess  of  any  quality,  or  extenuQ^Tiolenoe, 
doth  suddenly  destroy  the  body,  so  a  lesser  excess  doth  weake.li  and  partially 
destroy  it,  by  rendermg  it  less  lasting. 

They  who  would  be  young  when  they  aro'  old,  must  be  old 
when  they  are  young.  27ie  Spaniards  Boy^  Si  gruieres  vivir 
sano,  hazte  viefo  temprano.  If  thou'  wilt  be  healthfid,  make 
thyself  old  betimes. 

When  the  fern  is  as  high  as  a  spoon. 
You  may  sleep  an  hour  at  noon. 

.  The  custom  of  sleeping  after  dinner  in  the  summer  time,  is  general  in 
Italy,  and  other  hot  countries,  so  that  from  one  to  three  or  four  of  the 
dock  in  the  afternoon,  you  scarce  see  any  one  stirring  about  the  streets 
of  their  cities.  The  Schola  SakmUana  condemns  this  practice.  8it  brevit 
mti  nuUw  tibi  $omnus  meridiamu :  Febrisy  piffritiei,  capitis  dohr  aique  Ci- 
tarrhm,  Sao  tibi  provmiutU  ex  somno  mertdtano.  But  it  may  be  tiiia 
adrice  was  intended  for  us  English  (to  whose  King  this  book  was  oedicated) 
rather  than  the  Italians,  or  omer  inhabitants  of  hot  countries,  who  in  the 
summer  would  have  enough  to  do  to  keep  tfaemselyeB  awake  after  dinner. 
The  best  way  for  us  in  colder  climates  is  to  abstain ;  but  if  we  must  needs 
sleep,  (as  the  Italian  physicians  advise,)  either  to  take  a  nod  sitting  in  a 
chair,  or,  if  we  lie  down,  strip  off  our  clothes  as  at  night,  and  eo  into  bed, 
as  the  present  duke  of  Tuscany  himself  practises,  and  advises  his  subjects 
to  do,  but  by  no  means  lie  down  upon  a  bed  in  our  clothes. 

When  the  fern  is  as  high  as  a  ladle. 

You  may  sleep  as  long  as  you  are  able. 
When  fern  begins  to  look  red. 

Then  milk  is  good  with  brown  bread. 

It  is  observed  by  good  housewiyes,  that  milk  is  thicker  in  the  Autmna 
than  in  the  Summer,  notwithstanding  the  grass  must  be  more  hearty,  the 
juice  of  it  being  better  concocted  by  the  heat  of  the  sun  in  Summer  tim6. 
I  oonoeive  the  reason  to  be,  because  the  cattle  drink  water  abundaafly  bv 
reason  of  their  heat  in  Summer,  which  doth  much  dilate  their  milk. 


BKiiOKenrG  to  wlaltr.  2? 

Erery  man  is  either  a  fool  or  a  phyvician  after  thirty  yean 
of  age. 

After  dinner  sit  a  while,  after  supper  walk  a  mile. 

iW  qwifat  tUiia  pelpatnu  milk  hmo^w.  I  know  no  reason  for  the  dif- 
ferenoe,  nnlese  one  eats  a  greater  dinner  than  supper.  For  when  tito 
rtamach  is  fall,  it  is  not  food  to  exennse  immediate  j,  but  to  sit  stUl  a 
while :  though  I  do  not  a&ow  the  reason  usually  giren,  m.  beaiuse  eieroise 
draws  the  heat  outward  to  the  exterior  parts,  and  so  leaving  the  stomach 
and  bowels  oold,  hinders  concoction :  for  I  belieye  that,  as  wdl  the  stomach 
as  the  exterior  parts  are  hottest  after  exercise :  and  that  those  who  exercise 
most,  concoct  most,  and  require  most  meat  So  that  exercise  immediatelj 
after  meet  is  hurtful  rather,  upon  account  of  precipitating  concoction,  or 
toming  the  meat  out  of  the  stomach  too  soon.  As  lor  the  reason  they  give 
for  sfanding  or  walking  after  meals,  viz.  because  the  meat  bv  that  means  is 
deprened  to  the  bottom  of  the  stomach,  where  the  natural  heat  is  most 
Tigorons,  it  is  rery  frirolous,  both  because  the  stomach  is  a  wide  Tessel, 
aocl  so  the  bottom  of  it  cannot  be  empty,  but  what  falls  into  it  must  needs 
&tt  down  to  the  bottom ;  and  because  most  certainly  the  stomach  concocts 
wont  when  it  is  in  a  pendulous  posture,  as  it  is  while  we  are  standing. 
Hence,  as  the  Lord  Verulam  truly  obsenres,  galley  sUves,  and  such  as  exer- 
ciie  sitting,  though  they  fkre  meanly,  and  work  hard,  yet  are  commonly 
&t  and  £ehy;  whereupon  also  he  commends  those  works  of  exercises 
which  a  man  may  jperform  sitting,  as  sawing  with  a  hand-saw,  and  the  like. 
Some  turn  this  ssying  into  a  droii;  thus, 

After  dinner  sleep  a  whUe,  after  supper  go  to  bed. 
An  old  physician,  a  young  lawyer. 

An  old  physician,  because  of  his  experience ;  a  young  lawyer,  because  he 
baring  but  little  practice,  will  have  leisure  enough  to  attend  to  your  business ; 
sad  desiring  thereby  to  recommend  himself,  and  get  more,  will  be  very 
diligent  in  it    The  Italians  say.  An  old  physician,  a  young  barber. 

A  good  surgeon  must  ha?e  an  eagle's  eye,  a  lion's  heart,  and  a 

lady's  hand. 
Good  kail  is  half  a  meal. 

Kail,  f.  e.  pottage  of  any  kind ;  though  prot>erIy  kail  be  pottage  made  of 
ct^orte,  which  the  Soots  call  kail,  ana  or  which  usually  tney  make  their 
famh. 

If  you  would  liye  ever,  you  must  wash  milk  from  your  liver. 

Vin  mr  laid  t^ut  iouMi,  laiet  tur  vm  ^ett  9min» — I^,  This  is  an  idle 
oM  saw,  for  which  I  can  see  no  reason,  but  rather  for  the  contrary. 

Batter  is  gold  in  the  morning,  silver  at  noon,  lead  at  night. 
He  that  would  live  for  aye,  must  eat  sage  in  May. 

That  sage  was  by  our  ancetton  esteemed  a  rery  wholeaome  herb,  and 
uQch  conducing  to  longerity,  appears  by  that  Terse  in  the  Schotm  SakrHiimm  t 
Our  moriatur  homo  m^ioMti  eriieiim  horiof 

After  cheese  comes  nothing. 
Ac  egg,  and  to  bed. 


28  PBOTEBBIAL  OB8EBTATIOH8 

You  must  drink  as  mucb  afterau  egg  as  after  an  cnr.  ^ 

ThiB  is  a  fond  and  ungrounded  old  saying. 
Light  sappers  make  clean  sheets. 
He  that  goes  to  bed  thirsty  rises  healthy:     ^. 

X  look  upoa  this  as  a  Tery  good  obsenration,  and  shonld  adrise  aLi 
persons  not  to  go  to  bed  with  their  stomachs  fiill  of  wine,  becar,  or  any 
otLer  liquor,  ^r  (as  the  ingenious  Doctor  Lower  observesj  nothing  c^iu 
be  more  injurious  to  the  brain ;  of  which  he  giyes  a  most  rational  ana  true 
account,  which  take  in  his  words.  Cum  mim  propter  prodwem  corporis 
mtum  urina  d  rewibut  i$creta  non  itd  faeHi  Sf  prompU  nH  atm  ereeii  Mtmus 
m  vmeam  per  ureterea  delabaiur.  Ciumque  vetietB  cervix  ex  prodi^ieitu  urina 
pondere  non  adeo  graivetur;  atque  epiritibue  per  eomnum  in  cerebrum  aggre^ 
gatie  i^  gmeeeentibutf  vesica  onerit  ^fue  seneum  non  itd  percipiat,  aed  ojieii 
quasi  oiUta  ea  ocpid  urina  aiiquando  distendituTf  ut  mqfori  redpimda  epaiium 
vix  detur  inde  JU  ut  propter  in^feditum  per  rents  Sg  ureteres  urines  deeureum 
in  totum  corpus  regurgitet,  Ig  nisi  diarrhaa  proximo  mane  auccedat^  out  noC' 
tumo  sudors  evaeuetur,  in  cerebrum  deponi  debet.  Tract  de  Oorde.  co.  iL 
p.  141.  Qui  couehe  avec  la  eoif  se  leve  avee  la  sanU, 

One  hour's  sleep  before  midnight  is  worth  two  hours  after. 

For  the  son  being  the  life  of  this  sublunary  world,  whose  heat  causes 
and  continues  the  motion  of  all  terrestrial  animals,  when  he  is  fiotheat  off, 
that  is  about  midnight,  the  spirits  of  themselves  are  aptest  to  rest  and  com- 
pose, so  that  the  middle  of  t^e  night  must  needs  be  the  most  proper  time 
to  sleep  in,  especially  if  we  eonsioer  the  great  expense  of  spirits  in  the  day 
time,  partly  by  the  heat  of  the  afternoon,  and  partly  by  labour,  and  the 
constant  exercise  of  all  the  senses :  wherefore  tnen  to  wake  is  to  pat  the 
spirits  in  motion,  when  there  are  fewest  of  them,  and  they  naturally  moat 
Sluggish  and  unfit  for  it 

Who  goes  to  bed  supperless,  all  night  tumbles  and  tosses. 

This  is  an  Italian  proyerb :  CMvaaUtto  aenta  eena,  tuUanotte tidimenm.. 
That  is,  if  a  man  go  to  bed  hungry,  otherwise,  he  that  eats  a  plentifiil  din- 
ner, may  well  afford  to  go  to  bed  supperless^  unless  he  hata  used  some 
strong  bodily  labour  or  exercise.  Certainly  it  is  not  good  to  go  to  one*a 
rest  ml  the  stomach  be  well  emptied;  that  is,  if  we  eat  suppers,  till  two 
hours  at  least  after  supper.  For  ^as  the  old  physicians  tell  us)  though  the 
second  and  third  concoctions  be  Dcst  performed  in  sleep,  ret  the  first  is 
rather  disturbed  and  perverted.  If  it  oe  objected,  that  laoouring  people 
do  not  observe  such  rule,  but  do  both  «)  to  bed  presently  after  supper,  and 
to  work  after  dinner,  yet  who  more  heaithM  than  tkey ;  I  answer,  that  tlie 
case  is  different ;  for  though  by  such  practice  they  do  turn  the  meat  out  of 
their  stomachs  before  fuU  ana  perfect  concoction,  and  so  multiply  crude 
humours,  yet  they  work  and  sweat  them  out  again,  which  stuaents  and 
sedentary  peiBons  do  not.  Indeed,  some  men,  who  have  a  speedy  con- 
coction, and  hot  brains,  must,  to  procure  sleep,  eat  something  at  ni^hl 
which  may  send  up  gentle  vapours  into  the  head,  and  compose  the  spinta. 
Chi  hen  eena  hen  dbnna.— JteA    The  Portiiguesei  on  the  contrary,  say,  8t 


BELOKonre  to  hsalth.  20 

fmm  mfirm^,  om^  ^  vartt  deitar :  If  you  would  be  01^  sup,  and  then  go 
(oifeep. 

Often  and  little  eating  makes  a  man  fat. 
Fish  must  swim  thrice, 

Onee  in  the  water,  a  sooond  time  in  the  sauoe,  and  a  third  time  in  wine 
in  the  stomach.  i^tMon,  goret  tt  eochon  wi  m  feaUf  et  meurt  m  vm.*- 
Fr.    Fish  and  swine,  lire  in  water,  and  die  in  wine. 

Dnnk  wine,  and  have  the  gout ;  drink  no  wine,  and  have  the 
gout  too. 

With  this  saring,  intemperate  persons,  that  have  or  fear  the  gout,  en* 
coonge  themselTes  to  proceed  in  drinking  wine  notwithstanding. 

Yoong  men's  knocks  old  men  feel. 

Qua  psccamus  juvenes  ea  luimu8  senes. 
60  to  hied  with  the  lamb,  and  rise  with  tiie  lark. 
Barly  to  bed,  and  early  to  rise,  make  a  man  healthy,  weeithy, 

and  wise. 
Wash  your  hands  of^en,  your  feet  seldom,  and  your  head 

nerer. 
Bat  at  pleasure,  drink  by  measure. 

This  is  a  French  prorerb.  Pain  tant  qu*il  durey  vin  a  meture ;  and  they 
tliODselTes  oheerre  it;  for  no  people  eat  more  bread,  nor  indeed  have  better 
to  est :  And  for  wine,  the  most  of  them  drink  it  well  diluted,  and  never  to 
any  excess,  that  J  could  obserre.  The  Italians  haTe  this  saying  UJcewise, 
im  9UKtrt  dmroy  ma  vin  a  mtMira. 

Cheese  it  is  a  peevish  elf; 
It  digests  all  things  but  itself. 

This  is  a  translation  of  that  old  rhyming  Latin  verse,  Caanu  9&I  nequam 
fm  Hferit  omnia  aequdm. 

If  you  would  have  a  good  cheese,  and  have'n  old, 
Ton  must  tum'n  seven  times  before  he  is  cold.     Sotnera. 
The  best  physicians  are,  Dr.  Diet,  Dr.  Quiet,  and  Dr.  Merry* 
man. 

This  is  nothing  but  that  distich  of  the  Schola  Salemitana  tnmsl^ted. 
Si  twi  iiJMant  midid  UbiJUmt 
Sac  tria :  mens  lata,  reguiesy  moderata  diata. 

Drink  in  the  morning  staring, 
Then  all  the  day  be  sparing. 
Eat  a  bit  before  you  drink. 
Feed  sparingly,  and  defy  the  physician. 
Better  be  meals  many,  than  one  too  merry. 
You  should  never  touch  your  eye  but  with  your  elbow.    Ncn 


30  PBOTBBBIAL  OBSBBTj^TlOKS 

paNiur  k*dum  fama,  Jides,  oeulus.  El  mal  del  ojo  cararle  eon 
el  codo.     Span, 
Parsley  fried  will  bring  a  man  to  hia  saddle,  and  a  woman  t) 
her  grave. 

I  know  not  the  reason  of  this  proTerb.  Parsley  was  wont  to  be  erteemed 
a  yery  wholesome  herb^  howeyer  prepared ;  only  oy  the  ancients  it  was  for- 
bidden them  that  had  the  falling  sickness ;  ana  modem  experience  hath 
fi>und  it  to  be  bad  for  tiie  eyes. 


TO  THB   POBXGOIKG   I   SHALL  ADD   A  7£W   FBENOU,  ITATJAX, 

AlTD   SPANISH   PB0TBBB8. 

Tbitbz  chaud  le  pied  &  la  tete,  aa  demeurant  vivez  en   bete. 

Which  Mr.  Cotgra/oe  thus  translates :  The  head  and  feet  kept 

warm,  the  rest  will  take  no  harm. 
Jeone  chair  &  yieil  poisson.     •'.  e.  Young  flesh  and  old  fish 

are  best. 
Qai  vin  ne  bolt  apres  salade,  est  en  danger  d'etre  malade.   «.  e. 

He  that  drinks  not  wine  after  salad  is  in  danger  of  being  sick. 
Di  giomi  quanto  Yoi,  di  notte  quanto  poi.     t.  e.  Cover  your 

head  by  day  as  much  as  yon  will,  by  night  as  much  as  you 

can. 
II  peace  guasta  Tacqua,  la  came  la  coucia.     •*.  e.  Fish  spoils 

water,  bat  flesh  mends  it. 
Pome,  pere,  &  noce  goastano  la  Yoce.     t.  e.  Apples,  pears  and 

nuts  spoil  the  Yoice. 
Febbre  quartana  ammazza  i  vecchii,  &  i  giovani  risana.     «.  e. 

A  quartan  ague  kills  old  men,  and  heals  young. 
Pesce,  oglio,  &  amico  vecchio.    f.  e.  Old  fiish,  old  oil,  and  an 

old  fneud  are  the  best. 
Vitello,  polastro,  &  pesce  crudo,  ingrassano  i  dmeterii.     •'.  s. 

Raw  pulleyn,  veal,  and  fish  make  the  churchyards  fat. 
Vino  di  mezzo,  oglio  di  sopra,  8c  mele  di  sotto.     t .  e.  Of  wine 

the  middle,  of  oil  the  top,  and  of  honey  the  bottom,  is  best. 

Macrob.  Saturn,  lih.  7,  o.  12.  Qtutro  igitur.  Cur  oieum  quod  in  summo 
$gt,  mnum  quod  in  mediOy  md  quod  in  /undo  optimum  eue  credt^ntur.  Nee 
etmctatua  Ditariua  ait,  mel  quod  optimum  ut  reiiquo  ponderomu  oat.  In 
QM$  igitur  mettitpart  qua  in  imo  ett  reUquit  prastat  pondere^  S^  ideo  m^wt- 
maUmU  pretiosior  est,  Cbntra  in  vette  vinipart  inferior  admixtione  fieeis  non 
uiodd  turhdeniay  sed  et  eapore  deteriar  ett^pars  fferd  ntmma  aerit  tneinid 


BfLONeiNtt  TO  HXALTH.  M 

Aril  di  finestra  colpo  di  balestra.    «.  e.  The  air  of  a  window  u 

as  the  stroke  of  a  cross-bow, 
Aaciato  il  piede,  calda  la  testa,  e  del  resto  yive  da  bestia.    «.  e. 

Keep  your  feet  dry,  and  your  head  hot ;  and  for  the  rest, 

liTe  like  a  beast. 
Pisda  chiaro,  &  incaca  al  medico.    «.  0.  Piss  clear,  and  defy 

the  physidan. 
Apres  la  poire,  ou  le  vin  ou  le  pr^^tre.     t.  0.  After  p^ar,  wine 

or  the  priest. 
Sobre  melon,  Yino  fellon.     t.  e.  After  melon,  wine  is  a  felon. 
Quien  horta  la  cena  al  viejo  no  le  haze  agrario.     t.  e.   Who 

steals  an  old  man's  sapper  does  him  no  wrong. 
Que  ha  la  gota  el  medico  no  vee  gota.     t.  e.  With  respect  to 

the  goat,  the  physidan  is  but  a  lout. 
Tis  g(Md  to  walk  till  the  blood  appears  on  the  cheek,  but  not 

the  sweat  on  the  brow.     Span. 


32 


PROVERBS  AND  PROVERBIAL  OBSERVATIONS  CONCERNISQ 
HUSBANDRY,  WEATHER,  AND  THE  SEASONS  OF  THE 
YEAR. 

Jaitiyxeb  freeze  the  pot  by  the  fire. 
If  the  grass  grow  in  Janiveer, 

It  grows  ^e  indorse  for*t  all  the  year. 

There  is  no  general  role  without  some  exception ;  for  in  the  year  1667 
the  winter  was  so  mild,  that  the  pestores  were  yery  green  in  Januaiy,  vet 
was  there  scarcely  eyer  known  a  more  plentiful  crop  of  hay  than  the  njn* 
mer  following. 

Who  in  Janiveer  sows  oats,  gets  gold  and  groats. 
Who  sows  in  May,  gets  little  that  way. 
If  Janiveer  calends  be  summerly  gay, 

'Twill  be  winterly  weather  'tUl  the  calends  of  May. 
If  one  but  knew  how  good  ic  were 

To  eat  a  pullet  in  Janiveer, 
If  he  had  twenty  in  a  flock. 

He'd  leave  but  one  to  go  with  cock. 
On  Candlemas-day  throw  candle  and  candle-stick  away. 
When  Candlemas-day  is  come  and  gone. 

The  snow  lies  on  a  hot  stone. 
February  fill  dike,  be  it  black  or  be  it  white ; 

But  if  it  be  white,  it's  the  better  to  like. 

Fktye  de  FArmer  vaut  tgwi  defumier, — Fr.  Snow  brings  a  doable  ad- 
vantage :  it  not  only  preserves  the  com  from  the  bitterness  of  the  frosi 
and  coki,  but  enriches  the  ground  by  reason  of  the  nitrous  salt  which  it  ii 
supposed  to  contain.  I  have  observed  the  Alps,  and  other  hieh  mountains^ 
covered  all  the  winter  with  snow,  soon  after  it  is  melted,  to  oecome  like  a 
^rden,  so  full  of  luxuriant  plants,  and  variety  of  flowers.  It  is  wordi  the 
noting,  that  mountainous  plants  are  for  the  most  part  larger  than  Uiose  of 
the  same  genua  which  grew  in  lower  grounds;  and  that  these  snowy  moun- 
tains afford  greater  variety  of  fpeciet  than  phun  countries. 

Febmeer  doth  cut  and  shear. 

All  the  months  in  the  year  curse  a  fair  Februeer : 

or  thus. 
The  Welchman  had  rather  see  his  dam  on  the  bier, 

Than  to  see  a  fair  Februeer.     Some  say. 
The  hind  had  as  lief  see  his  vnfe  on  the  bier. 

As  that  Candlemass-day  should  be  pleasant  and  clear. 
February  makes  a  bridge,  and  March  breaks  it. 
March  in  Janiveer,  Janiveer  in  March  I  fear. 


coiroxaimro  husbaitdbt,  xto.  23 

March  hack  ham,  comes  in  like  a  lion,  goes  out  like  a  lamb. 

A  bnahel  of  March  dust  is  worth  a  kingfs  ransom. 

March  g;nis8  never  did  good. 

A  windy  March  and  a  rainy  April  make  a  beantifol  May. 

A  March  wisher  is  never  a  good  fisher. 

March  wind  and  May  sun  make  clothes  white  and  maids  duu. 

So  many  frosts  in  March,  so  many  in  May. 

March  many  weathers. 

March  birds  are  best. 

April  showers  bring  forth  May  flowers. 

When  April  blows  his  horn,  it's  good  both  for  hay  and  com. 

That  is  wlien  it  thunders  in  April ;  for  thander  is  nsnally  socompoiiec 
vithrain. 

April  cling  good  for  nothing.     SomerMt. 

April  borrows  three  days  of  March,  and  they  are  ill. 

A  cold  April  the  bam  will  fill. 

April  fools.     (People  sent  on  idle  errands.) 

An  April  flood  carries  away  the  frog  and  her  brood. 

A  cold  May  and  a  windy  makes  a  full  bam  and  a  findy. 

The  merry  month  of  May. 

April  and  May  are  the  keys  of  the  year. 

^y,  come  she  early  or  come  she  late,  she'll  make  the  cow  to 

quake. 

Kay  seldom  paaes  without  a  brunt  of  cold  weather.  Some  will  hare  it 
thus,  SMU  brmff  the  eatp^quakej  i.  e.  Chramen  tremuUtm,  which  is  true,  but 
I  soppoie  not  the  intent  of  the  prorerb. 

Beuis  blow  before  May  doth  go. 

A  May  flood  never  did  good. 

Look  at  your  com  in  May,  and  you'll  come  weeping  aw^ay : 

Look  at  the  same  in  June,  and  you'll  come  home  in  auothe** 

tune. 
Shear  your  sheep  in  May,  and  shear  them  all  away. 
A  swarm  of  bees  in  May  is  worth  a  load  of  hay ; 

But  a  swarm  m  July  is  not  worth  a  fly. 
Calm  weather  in  June  sets  com  in  tune. 
If  on  the  eighth  of  June  it  rain. 

It  foretels  a  wet  harvest,  men  sain  ; 
If  the  first  of  July  it  be  rainy  weather, 

*Twill  rain  more  or  less  for  four  weeks  together. 
K  shower  in  July,  when  the  com  begins  to  fill, 

U  worth  a  plough  of  oxen,  and  all  belongs  there  till. 


34  PBOVEBBIAX   OBSEBTATIOlTa 

No  tempest^  good  July,  lest  com  come  off  blue  by. 
Dry  August  and  warm,  doth  harvest  no  harm. 
If  the  twenty-fourth  of  August  be  fair  and  clear. 

Then  hope  for  a  prosperous^Autumn  that  year. 
September,  blow  soft,  *till  the  fruit's  in  the  loft. 
A  Michaelmas  rot  comes  ne'er  in  the  pot. 
Good  October,  a  good  blast, 

To  blow  the  hog  acorn  and  mast. 

November  take  flail,  let  ships  no  more  sail. 

When  the  wind's  in  the  east,  it's  neither  good  for  man  nor  beast. 

The  east  wind  with  us  is  commonly  very  sharp,  beoanse  it  comes  off  the 
continent.  Midland  countries  of  the  same  latitude  are  generallv  colder 
than  maritime,  and  continents  than  islands :  and  it  is  observed  in  England, 
that  near  the  sea  side,  as  in  the  county  of  Cornwall,  &c.,  the  snow  seldom 
lies  three  days. 

When  the  wiud^s  in  the  south,  it's  in  the  rain's  mouth. 

lliis  Lb  an  observation  that  holds  true  all  over  Europe ;  and  I  believe  in 
a  great  part  of  Asia  too.     For  Italy  and  Greece  the  ancient  Latin  and 
Greek  poets  witness ;  as  Ovid,  Madidis  MotU8  evolat  alit :  and  speaking  oi 
the  south,  MetamorpA.  1,  he  saith,  Contraria  tellm  nubibuaauiduupluvioqui 
madeseit  ab  Auttro.     Homer  calls  the  north  wind,  riiOp^yevir^c*    Pliny 
saith,  In  totum  venti  amnea  d  Septentrione  sweiarea  qudm  a  meridie.  Ub.  vl 
cap.  47.   For  Judiea,  in  Asia,  the  Scripture  gives  testimony ;   I^ov.  xxv. 
23.    The  North-wind  drivea  away  rain.    Wherefore,  by  the  rule  of  oontra- 
ries,  the  south- wind  must  bring  it.    The  reason  of  this,  with  the  ingenious 
philosopher  Des  Cartes,  I  conceive  to  be,  because  those  countries  which  lie 
under  and  near  to  the  course  of  the  sun,  being  suiBciently  heated  by  his  al- 
most perpendicular  beams,  send  up  a  multitude  of  vapours  into  the  air, 
which,  being  kept  in  constant  agitation  by  the  same  heat  that  raised  theoL, 
require  a  great  space  to  perform  their  motions  in;  and  now  still  ascending, 
they  must  needs  oe  cast  off  part  to  the  south  and  part  to  the  north  of  the 
sun  s  course ;  so  that  were  there  no  winds,  the  parts  of  the  earth  towards 
the  north  and  south  poles  would  be  most  full  of  clouds  and  vapours.    Now 
the  north- wind  blowing,  keeps  back  those  vapours,  and  causes  clear  weather 
in  these  northern  parts :  but  the  south  wind  brines  store  of  them  along 
with  it,  which  by  the  cold  of  the  air  are  here  condensed  into  clouds,  and 
fall  down  in  rain.    Which  account  is  confirmed  by  what  Pliinr  reports  of 
Africa,  loc.  cit.  BnymUani  ^  duo  naturum  cum  mtu :'  Auster  Afirie^B  §ermnu 
AquUonubilut.     The  reason  is,  because  AMca  being  under  or  near  the 
course  of  the  sun,  the  south- wind  carries  away  the  vapours  there  aacendinff  ? 
but  the  north-wind  detaios  them ;  and  so  partly  by  compressing,  partlybj 
cooling  them,  causes  them  to  condense,  and  descend  in  showen. 

When  the  wind's  in  the  south, 

It  blows  the  bait  into  the  fishes'  mouth. 
No  weather  is  ill,  if  the  wind  be  still. 
A  hot  May  makes  a  fat  church-yard. 


ooKOEBimro  hubbakdrt,  xtc.  35 

^1  in  the  aloe-tree  is  as  white  as  a  nheet, 

Sow  your  barley,  whether  it  be  dry  or  wet. 
A  green  winter  makes  a  fat  church-yard. 

This  proTerb  was  sufficiently  confuted  in  the  year  1667|  when  the  winti^r 
vu  Terj  mild ;  and  yet  no  mortality  or  epidemical  disease  ensned  the  fommrii 
or  aatmnn  following.  We  have  entertained  an  opinion,  that  frosty  weathnr 
is  the  most  healthfiiri,  and  the  hardest  winters  the  best ;  but  I  can  see  no 
reason  for  it ;  fur  in  the  hottest  coontries  of  the  world,  as  Brazil,  &c.,  men 
are  longest  lived  where  they  know  not  what  frost  or  snow  means,  the  ordi- 
nary age  of  man  being  an  hundred  and  ten  years :  and  here  in  England 
we  found  by  experience,  that  the  last  great  plague  succeeded  one  of  the 
Jthaipest  frosty  winters  that  hath  lately  happened. 

\^lDter  never  rots  in  the  sky.     Ital.  Nicaldo,  ni  gelo  resta  mad 

in  eido. 
Neither  heat  nor  cold  abides  always  in  the  sky. 
"Tis  pity  fair  weather  should  do  any  harm. 
Hail  brings  frost  in  the  tail. 

A  snow  year,  a  rich  year.     Anno  di  neve,  anno  di  bene,     Ital. 
A  winter's  thunder's  a  summer's  wonder. 

Qmmd  a  twme  en  Mart  <m  petU  dire  heias.     Fr. 

Drought  never  bred  dearth  in  England. 

Whosohath  buta  mouth,  shall  ne'er  in  England  suffer  droughth. 

When  the  sand  doth  feed  the  clay  (which  U  in  a  wet  ixtmmer) 

England  woe  and  well-a-day. 
But  when  the  clay  doth  feed  the  sand  (which  is  in  «  drf/  summer) 

Then  it  is  well  with  England. 

Beetmm  there  it  more  day  than  sandy  ground  m  England, 

After  a  famine  in  the  stall, 

Comes  a  famine  in  the  hall.     Somerset. 
The  worse  for  the  rider,  the  better  for  the  bider. 

ifmpaie  mmmna  ehemin, — Fr.    Rich  land,  bad  way. 
When  the  cuckoo  comes  to  the  bare  thorn, 

tSell  your  cow,  and  buy  ybu  corn : 
Hilt  when  she  comes  to  the  fiill  bit. 

Sell  your  com,  and  buy  you  sheep. 

If  the  cock  moult  before  the  hen. 

We  shall  have  weather  thick  and  thin : 
Bot  if  the  hen  moult  before  the  cock, 

We  shall  have  weather  hard  as  a  block. 

,  These  prognostics  of  weather  and  future  plenty,  &c.  I  look  upon  a^ 
'^^Rther  uncertain ;  and  were  they  narrowly  observed,  would.  I  bdier 
a  often  miss  as  hit. 


36  PROTEBBIAL  OBBEBYATIOirB 

In  the  old  of  the  moon,  a  cloudy  morning  bodes  a  fair  aftemoon. 
As  the  days  lengthen,  so  the  cold  strengthens.  Cresee  d},  erese^l 
freddo  dice  il  peseatore,     Ital. 

The  reason  is,  for  that  the  earth  haying  been  well  heated  by  the  tnn'i 
long  lying  npon  it  in  summer  time,  is  not  suddenly  cooled  again  by  the  re- 
cess or  the  sun,  bat  retains  part  of  its  warmth  'till  after  the  winter  solstice; 
which  warmth,  notwithstanding  the  return  and  access  of  the  sun,  must 
needs  still  languish  and  decay ;  and  so,  notwithstanding  the  lengthening  of 
the  days,  the  weather  grows  colder,  'till  the  external  heat  caused  by  the  sun 
is  greater  than  the  remaining  internal  heat  of  the  earth ;  for  as  long  ss 
the  external  is  lesser  than  the  internal  (that  is,  so  long  as  the  sun  hath  not 
force  enough  to  produce  as  great  a  heat  in  the  earth,  as  was  remaining  from 
the  last  summer),  so  long  the  internal  must  needs  decrease.  The  like  reason 
there  is  why  the  hottest  time  of  the  day  is  not  just  at  noon,  but  about  two 
of  the  clock  in  the  afternoon ;  and  the  nottest  time  of  the  year  not  just  at 
the  summer  solstice,  but  about  a  month  after ;  because  'till  then  the  exter- 
nal heat  of  the  sun  is  greater  than  the  heat  produced  in  the  earth.  So  if 
you  put  a  piece  of  iron  into  a  yery  hot  fii-e,  it  will  not  suddenly  be  heated 
so  hot  as  tne  fire  can  make  it ;  and  though  you  abate  your  lire  before  it  be 
thoroughly  heated,  yet  will  it  grow  hotter  and  hotter,  'till  it  comes  to  that 
degree  of  heat  whicn  the  fire  it  is  in  can  giye  it. 

If  there  be  a  rainbow  in  the  eve,  it  will  rain  and  leave  : 

But  if  there  be  a  rainbow  in  the  morrow,  it  will  neither  lend 

nor  borrow. 

An  evening  red,  and  a  morning  grey,  is  a  sign  of  a  fair  day. 

Ze  rouge  Boir  et  blane  matin  font  r^jouir  le  pelerin. — Fr.  Sera  homo,  ei 
negro  mattino  aUegra  ii  peUegrino, — Ital.  A  red  evening,  and  a  white  morn- 
ing, rejoice  the  pilgrim. 

When  the  clouds  are  on  the  hills,  they'll  come  down  by  the  mills, 

David  and  Chad,  sow  pease,  good  or  bad. 

That  is,  about  the  beginning  of  March. 

This  rule  in  gardening  never  forget^ 
To  sow  dry,  and  set  wet. 

Sow  beans  in  the  mud. 

And  they'll  grow  like  wood. 

'mi  St.  James'  day  be  come  and  gone. 

You  may  have  hops,  or  you  may  have  none. 

The  pigeon  never  knoweth  woe. 
But  when  she  doth  a  benting  go. 

If  the  partridge  had  the  woodcock's  thigh, 
It  would  be  the  best  bird  that  ever  did  j3y« 

Think  no  labour  slavery 

That  brings  in  penny  saveriy. 


concEBirnro  nvsfiAKDAT.  stc.  3? 

Yule  is  good  on  ynle  even. 
Hist  is,  as  I  understand  it,  ererj  thing  in  its  season.  Tule  is  Christmas. 

Tripe's  good  meat  if  it  be  well  cleaned. 

Oysters  are  not  good  in  a  month  that  hath  not  an  R  in  it. 

Where  there  is  store  of  oatmeal,  yoa  may  put  enough  in  the 

crock-pot.     Somerset, 
A  nag  with  a  wearab,  and  a  mare  with  nean ;  t.  e.  none. 
Behind  before,  before  behind,  ahorse  is  in  danger  to  be  prick'd. 
You  must  look  for  grass  on  the  top  of  an  oak  tree. 

Because  the  grass  seldom  springs  well  before  the  oak  begins  topnt  forth. 

St.  Matthie  sends  sap  into  the  tree. 

A  famine  in  England  begins  at  the  horse-manger. 

In  opDOflition  to  the  rack :  for  in  dry  years,  when  hay  is  dear,  commonly 
com  is  cneap :  bat  when  oats  (or  indeed  any  one  grain)  is  dear,  the  rest 
are  seldom  che^. 

Winters  thunder,  and  summer's  flood. 

Never  boded  Englishman  gnod. 

Butter's  once  a  year  in  the  cow's  horn. 

They  mean  when  the  cow  gires  no  nulk.  And  butter  is  said  to  be  mad 
twice  a  year ;  once  in  summer  time  in  Tery  hot  weather,  when  it  is  toK 
ihia  ana  fluid ;  and  once  in  winter,  in  Tery  cold  weather,  when  it  is  to« 
hard  and  difficult  to  spread. 

Barley-straVs  good  fodder  when  the  cow  giyes  water. 

On  Valentine's  day  will  a  good  goose  lay. 

If  she  be  a  good  goose,  her  dame  well  to  pay. 

She  will  lay  two  eggs  before  Valentine's  day. 

Before  St.  Chad  every  goose  lays,  both  good  and  bad. 

It  rains  by  planets. 

This  the  country  people  use  when  it  rains  in  one  place,  and  not  in  another : 
meaning,  that  the  showers  are  governed  by  the  planets,  which  being  er- 
n^c  in  their  own  motions,  caose  such  uncertain  wandering  of  clouds  and 
&]ls  of  rain.  Or  that  the  fall  of  showers  is  as  imcertain  as  the  motions 
of  the  planets  are  imagined  to  be. 

After  Lammas  com  ripens  as  much  by  night  as  by  day. 
If  Candlemas-day  be  fair  and  bright, 

Winter  will  have  another  flight : 
If  on  Candlemas-day  it  be  shower  and  rain, 

Winter  is  gone,  and  vnll  not  (^ome  again. 

This  is  8  transUtion  or  metaphrase  of  that  old  Latin  distich; 

6t  9oi  splendweat  Maria  purifieanUj 
Mt^or  erit  fflaciet  pott  fetium  quamfuH  ante. 


38  FBOYIBBIAL  OBSSBYATIORS 

Now,  tbongh  I  think  all  obiienrations  about  particular  daysBiiperetitioai 
and  friTolous ;  yet,  becanse,  probably,  if  the  weather  be  fair  for  some  dajv 
abont  this  time  of  the  year,  it  may  betoken  firost,  I  hare  put  this  down  as 
it  was  delivered  me. 

Barnaby  bright,  the  longest  day  and  the  shortest  night. 

Lucy  light»  the  shortest  day  and  the  longest  nijz:ht. 

St.  Bartholomew  brings  the  cold  dew. 

St.  Matthy  all  the  year  goes  by. 

Because  in  leap-year  the  supernumerary  day  is  then  intercalated. 

St.  Matthee,  shut  up  the  bee. 

St.  Valentine,  set  thy  hopper  by  mine. 

St.  Mattho,  take  thy  hopper,  and  sow. 

St.  Benedick,  sow  thy  pease,  or  keep  them  in  thy  rick. 

Red  herring  ne'er  spake  word  but  een ; 

Broil  my  back,  but  not  my  weamb. 
Said  the  chevin  to  the  trout, 

My  head's  worth  all  thy  bouk. 
Under  the  furze  is  hunger  and  cold  ; 

Under  the  broom  is  silver  and  gold. 
Medlars  are  never  good  till  they  be  rotten. 
On  Candlemas-day  you  must  have  half  your  straw,  and  fudf 

your  hay. 
Iiook  to  the  cow,  and  the  sow,  and  the  wheat  mow, 

And  all  will  be  well  enow.     SomerseL 
Sow  or  set  beans  in  Candlemas  waddle :  t .  e.  Wane  of  the 

moon.     Som&rset. 
At  Twelfth-day  the  days  are  lengthened  a  cock's  stride.     The 

Italutns  9ay  at  Chrtstnuu, 
A  cherry  year,  a  merry  year  : 

A  plum  year,  a  dumb  year. 

A  rhyme,  without  reason,  as  far  as  I  can  see. 

Wheat  will  not  have  two  praises.     (Summer  and  winter.) 

Set  trees  at  Alhallo'ntide,  and  command  them  to  prosper ;  Set 

them  after  Candlemas,  and  entreat  them  to  grow. 

This  Dr.  J.  Beal  allegeth  as  an  old  English  and  Welch  proverb  concern- 
ing «pple  and  pear  treea^  oak  and  hawthorn  (quicks ;  though  he  is  of  Mr. 
Beed'a  opinion,  that  it  is  best  to  remove  fhut  troes  in  the  spring,  rather 
than  the  winter,    Philosoph.  Transae.  N.  71. 

Upon  St.  David's  day,  put  oats  and  barley  in  the  clay. 

With  us  it  is  a  little  too  early  to  sow  barley  (which  is  a  tender  grain)  Id 
tho  beginning  of  March. 


coifCEBirrErG  husbazoibt,  xto.  39 

[f  jou  would  fruit  hare^ 
You  must  bring  the  leaf  to  the  grave. 

That  ifl,  you  must  transplant  your  troee  just  about  the  fall  of  the  leaf, 
neither  sooner  nor  mnch  later:  not  sooner, because  of  the  motion  of  the 
up ;  not  later,  that  they  may  have  time  to  take  root  before  the  deep  frosts. 

Make  the  vine  poor,  and  it  will  make  you  rich. 

Fkime  off  its  branches. 
Set  trees  poor,  and  they  will  grow  rich ;  set  them  rich,  and 

they  will  grow  poor. 

BemoTe  them  always  out  of  a  more  barren  into  a  fatter  soiL 

The  dnnder  do  gaily  (affright)  the  beans.     Somen^L 

Beans  shoot  up  £ut  after  thunder  storms. 

When  elder  is  white,  brew  and  bake  a  peck  : 
When  elder  is  black,  brew  and  bake  a  sack.     Samenei. 


To  THS  FOBEGonra  I  shall  adjoik  a  psw  Spanish, 

Italdlk  and  Fbbnch. 

PfiiMO  porco,  ultimo  cane.     The  first  pig,  but  the  last  whelp  of 

the  litter t  is  the  best. 
Cavallo  h  cavalla  cavalcalo  in  su  la  spalla,  asino  h  mulo  caval- 

calo  in  bu*1  culo.     Ride  a  horse  and  a  mare  on  the  shoulders^ 

an  ass  and  a  mule  on  the  buttocks, 
Al  amico  cura  gli  il  fico,  al  inimico  il  persico.     Pill  a  fig  for 

your  friend,  and  a  peach  for  your  enemy, 
Tre  cose  vaol  il  campo,  buon  tempo,  buon  seme,  h  buon  la- 

Toratore.     A  field  requireth  three  things  ;  fair  weather,  good 

seed,  and  a  good  husbandman, 
£1  pie  del  dueno  estiercol  es  para  la  herededad.     The  foot  of 

the  owner  is  the  best  manure  for  ^  land, 
A  dog  of  an  old  dog,  a  colt  of  a  yoang  horse.      The  Gallegos 

say,  A  calf  of  a  young  cow,  and  a  colt  of  an  old  mare. 
Good  husbandry  is  good  divinity.     ItaL 
Whom  God  loves,  his  bitch  brings  forth  pigs.    Under  the  bless- 
ing of  heaven  all  things  co-operate  for  his  good,  even  beyond 

his  expectations, 
Di  buona  terra  t6  la  vigna,  di  buon  madre  t5  la  figlia.      Takt 

a  vine  of  a  good  soil^  and  the  daughter  of  a  good  mother. 


40  PHOTZBBIAL  OB8SBTATI098. 

L«  uieye,  per  otto  di«  h  madre  alia  terra,  da  indi  in  la  h  ma 

trigna.     Snow  for  a  9t^wUght  is  a  mother  to  the  earth,  for  eve9 

after  a  stepmother^ 
Quien  sembra  en  Dios  espera.    He  who  sows  his  land,  trusts 

in  God. 
(«af.a  de  padre  r'la  de  abnelo.     A  house  built  by  a  mans  fat  f**^' 

znd  a  ffineyard  planted  by  hih  grandfath/cr. 


41 


PEOYEEBS  AND  PBOYEEBIAL  OBSEEYATIONS  EEFEEIIIN9 
TO  LOVE,  WEDLOCK,  AND  WOMEN. 

LoTi  me  little,  and  love  me  long. 

Hot  love  is  Boon  cold.  [^Derhfsh, 

LoTc  of  lads,  and  fire  of  chats,  is  soon  in  and  soon  out. 
Chata,  u  #.  Chips. 

Lads'  lore's  a  bask  of  broom,  hot  a  while,  and  soon  done. 
Lore  will  creep  where  it  cannot  go.  [^Chesh, 

He  that  hath  love  in  his  breast  hath  spurs  in  his  sides.      Cht 

ha  amor  nd  petto  ha  le  iprone  netfianchi.     Ital. 
Love  and  lordship  like  no  fellowship. 

Amor  i  iiffnoria  non  vogUcno  eompagnia, — ItaL  Amour  $t  aeioneurie  m 
m  tinmU  Jamais  eon^agnie. — Fr.  The  meaning  of  our  Englisn  prorerb 
ia,  Lovers  and  princes  cannot  endnre  riyals  or  putners.  Ommsque  poUt' 
toM  mpadeHs  eoruortia  trit.  The  Italian  and  French,  though  the  same  in 
voids,  haye  I  think  a  different  sense,  viz.  Non  bene  eonvmiunt  nee  in  una 
itde  moratUur  m^jettae  et  amore. 

Lore  is  blind. 

iLovers  live  by  love,  as  larks  by  leeks. 

This  is  I  conoeiTe  in  derision  of  snch  expressions  as  liying  by  Iotc. 
Lirks  and  leeks  beginning  irith  the  same  letter,  helped  it  up  to  be  a  pr^ 
▼erb. 

Follow  love,  and  it  will  flee  ; 
Flee  love,  and  it  will  follow  thee. 

This  was  wont  to  be  said  of  glory :  Sequentem  fugity  fugientem  eequitur. 
Jut  Uke  a  shadow.  • 

Lore  and  pease-pottage  will  make  their  way. 

Beeaose  one  breaks  the  belly,  the  other  the  heart. 

The  loYe  of  a  woman,  and  a  bottle  of  wine. 

Are  sweet  for  a  season,  but  last  for  a  time. 

Love  comes  in  at  thewindows,  and  goes  out  at  the  doorj. 

Love  and  a  cough  cannot  be  hid. 

Jmor  iuetitque  non  eekmtur.  The  French  and  Italians  add  to  these  tws 
the  itch.  VamouTf  la  touese^  et  la  gale  ne  «e  peuvent  eeler,  Fr.  Amor^ 
k  rognOy  i  la  tosea,  non  eiponno  naseondere, — Ital.     Others  add,  stiuk. 

Aye  be  as  merry  as  be  can. 

For  love  ne'er  delights  in  a  sorrowful  man. 
Fair  chieve  all  where  love  trucks. 
Vl'hom  we  love  best,  to  them  we  can  say  least 


42  PBOTEBBIAL  OBSSSYATIOKS 

He  tkat  loves  glass  without  a  0, 
Take  away  L,  and  that  is  he. 
Old  pottage  is  sooner  heated  than  new  made. 

Old  lorers  fallen  out  are  sooner  reconciled  tha:i  new  lore's  be  g:Tm.    Nty, 
the  comedian  saith,  Amantium  ira  amorit  redtntigrmtio  eat. 

Wedlock  is  a  padlock. 

Age  and  wedlock  bring  a  man  to  his  night-cap. 

Wedding  and  ill  wintering,  tame  both  man  and  beast. 

Marriages  are  made  in  heaven.     Nbzze  e  magistrato  dal  eielo 
k  destino.     Ital. 

Marry  in  haste,  and  repent  at  leisure. 

'Tis  good  to  marry,  late  or  never. 

Commend  a  wedded  life,  but  keep  thyself  a  bachelor. 

Marry  your  sons  when  you  will,  your  daughters  when  you  can. 

Marry  your  daughters  betimes,  lest  they  marry  themselres. 
Span. 

Who  marries  between  the  sickle  and  the  scythe  will  never 
thrive. 

I've  cur'd  her  from  lying  i'  th'  hedge,  quoth  the  good  man 
when  he  had  wed  his  daughter. 

Motions  are  not  marriages. 

More  belongs  to  marriage  than  four  bare  legs  in  a  bed.     27u 
Italians  saif,  Inanzi  il  maritare,  abbi  I'habitare. 

Like  bloody  like  good,  and  like  age,  make  the  happiest  mar- 
riage. 

,^gualgm  uxorem  quart,  rifv  xari  <ravr6v  FXa.  Unequal  mazriagi^ 
seldom  prove  happy,  ^t  quam  voles  apti  nubere  nube  pari.--0\id,  Iniok- 
rabiUm  nikU  ett  qudmfaemina  <&PM.--JTiYenaL 

;An  ill  marriage  is  a  spring  of  ill-fortune,  j 
Many  a  one  for  land  takes  a  fool  hj  the  hand.     t.  e.  Marries 

her  or  him. 
He  that's  needy  when  he  is  married,  shall  be  rich  when  he  is 

buried. 
Who  weds  ere  he  be  wise,  shall  die  ere  he  thrive. 
'Tis  hard  to  wive  and  thrive  both  in  a  year. 
Better  be  half  hang'd  than  ill  wed. 
He  that  would  an  old  wife  wed,  must  eat  an  apple  before  he 

goes  to  bed. 

Which  by  reason  of  its  flatulency  is  apt  to  excite  desire. 
Sweet-heart  and  honey-bird  keeps  no  house. 


SSFEBBIHa  TO  LOVE»  BTC.  43 

A  lisping  lass  is  good  to  kiss. 

Marriage  is  honourable,  but  house-keeping's  a  shrew. 

We  bachelors  gnn^  but  you  married  men  laugh  till  your  hearts 

ache. 
Marriage  and  hanging  go  by  destiny. 
"Hs  time  to  yoke  when  the  cart  comes  to  the  caples.     i.  0, 

horses.     Chesh. 

That  iBf  'Tis  time  to  many  when  the  woman  wooa  the  man. 

Coarting  and  wooing  brings  dallying  and  doing. 
Happy  is  the  wooing  that  is  not  long  in  doing. 
Widows  are  always  rich. 
He  that  woos  a  maid,  must  come  seldom  in  her  sight : 

Bat  he  that  woos  a  widow,  must  woo  her  day  and  night. 
He  that  woos  a  maid,  must  feign,  lie,  and  flatter ;. 

But  he  that  woos  a  widow,  must  down  with  his  breechesi 
and  at  her. 

This  pTOYerb  bein^  somewhat  immodest,  I  should  not  bare  inserted  it, 
but  that  I  met  with  it  in  a  little  book  entitled,  The  Qnaker^s  Spiritual 
Court  proclaimed,  written  by  Nathaniel  Smith,  Student  in  Physic ;  wherein 
the  author  mentions  it  as  counsel  given  him  by  one  Hilkiah  Bedford,  an 
eminent  Quaker  in  London,  who  would  have  had  him  to  have  married  a 
rich  widow,  in  whose  house,  in  case  he  could  get  her,  this  Nalhaniel 
Smith  bad  promised  Hilkiah  a  chamber  gratis.  The  whole  narratiTe  is 
very  well  worth  the  reading. 

"Hs  dangerous  marrying  a  widow,  because  she  hajth  cast  her 

rider. 
He  that  would  the  daughter  win, 

Most  with  the  mother  first  begin. 
A  man  must  ask  a  wife's  leave  to  thrive. 
A  good  wife  makes  a  good  husband. 
He  that  loseth  his  wife  and  sixpence,  hath  lost  a  tester. 
He  that  loseth  his  wife  and  a  farthing,  hath  a  great  loss  of  his 

farthing.     Cki  perde  moglie  e  un  quattrino,  ha  gran  perdUa 

del  quattrino,     Ital. 
He  that  hath  more  smocks  than  shirts  in  a  buckings  had 

need  be  a  man  of  good  forelooking.     Chaucer. 
There  is  one  good  wife  in  the  country,  and  every  man  thinks 

he  hath  her. 
The  wife  that  expects  to  have  a  good  name. 

Is  always  at  home,  as  if  she  were  lame : 


44  PBOy£BBIAli  0BSBBTATI0K8 

And  the  maid  that  is  honest,  her  chiefest  delight 

Is  still  to  be  doing  from  morning  to  night. 

La  mug^r  honrada  la  piema  quebrada  y  en  easa^  y  la  djn 

eella  hanesta,  el  haeer  algo  es  su  fiesta.     Span. 
Happy  is  the  bride  the  son  shines  on,  and  the  corpse  the 

rain  rains  on. 
Wives  must  be  had,  be  they  good  or  bad. 
He  that  tells  his  wife  news,  is  but  newly  married. 
A  nice  wife  and  a  back  door,  do  often  make  a  rich  man  poor. 

71^  Italians  say.  La  porta  di  dietro  h  qaella  che  guasta  la 

casa. 
Saith  Solomon  the  wise, 

A  good  wife's  a  good  prize. 
A  dead  wife's  the  best  goods  in  a  man's  house. 
Long-tongued  wives  go  long  with  bairn. 
A  man  of  straw  is  worth  a  woman  of  gold. 

This  IB  a  French  prorerb.     Un  homme  depaOU  «0«<  umfemme  tfcr. 
One  tongue  is  enough  for  a  woman. 
This  reason  they  give  who  would  not  have  women  leam  languagw. 

A  woman's  tongue  wags  like  a  lamb's  tail. 
Three  women  and  a  goose  make  a  market. 

This  is  an  Italian  prorerb.    Tr^  danne  i  un  wxa^fim  un  mer9at9, 

A  ship  and  a  woman  are  ever  repairing. 
A  spaniel,  a  woman,  and  a  walnut  tree. 
The  more  they're  beaten,  the  better  still  they  be. 
iVkr,  oiintu,  muUer  simili  sunt  Uge  Ugata. 
Exsc  tria  nU  reet^faeiunt  si  verbera  cessant 
Adducitur  a  cognate,  est  tamen  novum. 
All  women  are  good,  viz,  either  good  for  something,  or  good 

for  nothing. 
Women  laugh  when  they  can,  and  weep  when  they  will. 

Femm$  rii  quand  eUepiut,  et  plmre  gttand  eSe  vmi,    Fr. 

Women  think  placs  a  sweet  fish. 

A  woman  conceals  what  she  knows  not. 

Women  and  dogs  set  men  together  by  the  ears. 

As  great  a  pity  to  see  a  woman  weep,  as  to  see  a  gooee  go 

barefoot. 
Winter-weather  and  women's  thoughts  often  change. 
A  woman's  mind  and  winter-wind  change  oft. 


BSFEBRIKG  TO  LOTE,  ETC.  45 

There's  no  mischief  in  the  world  done, 

Bat  a  woman  is  always  one. 
A  wicked  woman  and  an  evil,  is  three  haif-penie  worse  than 

the  deyil. 
He  who  loseth  a  whore,  is  a  great  gainer,     //a/. 
The  more  women  look  in  their  glasses,  the  less  they  look  ta 

their  houses. 
A  woman*s  work  is  never  at  an  end.     Some  add,  and  washing 

of  dishes. 
Change  of  women  makes  bald  knaves. 
Every  man  can  tame  a  shrew  but  he  that  hath  her. 
Better  be  a  shrew  than  a  sheep. 

For  commoiily  shrews  are  good  hoose-wiTes. 

Better  one  house  fill'd  than  two  spill' d. 

This  we  use  when  we  hear  of  a  bad  Jack  who  hath  married  as  bad  i 
Jill  For  as  it  is  said  of  Bonum,  quo  communim  eo  mdim ;  so  by  the  rale 
of  contraries,  what  is  ill,  the  further  it  spreads,  the  worse.  Ana  as  in  a 
city  it  ii  better  there  should  be  one  lazaretto,  and  that  filled  with  the  in- 
fected, than  make  evexj  house  in  a  town  a  pest-house,  they  dwelling  dis- 
pcTMdly  or  singly,  so  is  it  in  a  neighbourhood,  &c. 

Old  maids  lead  apes  in  hell. 

Bachelors*  wives  and  maids'  children  are  always  well  taught. 
Chi  non  ha  moglie  ben  la  teste. 
Chi  non  hafigliuoli  ben  li  pasce. 
Maidens  must  be  seen,  and  not  heard. 
A  dog's  nose  and  a  maid's  knees  are  always  cold. 
Tonug  wenches  make  old  wrenches. 
As  the  good  man  saith,  so  say  we  ; 

But  as  the  good  woman  saith,  so  it  must  be. 
Better  be  an  old  man's  darling,  than  a  young  man's  snarling. 

Mm  vale  viejo  que  me  honre,  que  galan  que  me  assomhre. 
The  death  of  wives  and  the  loss  of  sheep  make  men  rich. 
In  wiving  and  thriving  men  should  take  counsel  of  all  the 

world. 
A  grunting  horse  and  a  groanbg  wife  seldom  fail  their  master. 
Un  time  comes  she  whom  God  sends. 
He  that  marries  a  widow  and  three  children,  marries  four 

thieves.     Span, 
Two  daughters  and  a  back  door  are  three  errant  thieves. 
A  black  man 's  a  jewel  in  a  fair  woman's  eye. 


46  PBOTFEBIAL   OBtl£RTATIOXS 

Fair  and  aluttish,  (or  foolish),  black  and  proud,  long  and  Iccyf 
little  and  loud. 

Beauts  et  folie  vont  souvmt  de  campagnie. — Fr.      Beauty  and  folly  dc 
often  go  hand  in  hand,  and  are  often  matched  together. 

Put  another  man's  child  in  your  bosom,  and  he'll  creep  out 

at  your  elbow.     Chesh, 

That  is,  cherish  or  Iotc  him,  he*U  never  be  natorally  affected  towards  you. 
When  the  good  man's  from  home,  the  good  wife's  table  is 

soon  spread. 
The  good  man  is  the  last  who  knows  what's  amiss  at  home. 

Dedecus  tile  domils  sciet  ultimus. 
'Tis  safe  taking  a  shive  of  a  cut  loaf. 
Wine  and  wenches  empty  men's  purses. 
Who  drives  an  ass,  and  leads  a  whore. 

Hath  pain  and  sorrow  evermore. 

The  Italians  add,  'E  corre  in  arena. 

The  French  say,  Quifemme  eroit  et  dns  mmte,  ton  eorpt  ne  sera  jamais 
tans  peine,    t.  e.  He  that  trusts  a  woman,  and  leads  an  ass,  &c. 

rU  tent  thee,  quoth  Wood  ;  if  I  can't  rule  my  daughter,  I'll 

rule  my  good.     Cheeh. 
Ossing  comes  to  bossing.     Chesh, 

Ossing,  I.  e.  offering  or  aiming  to  do.  The  meaning  is  the  same  with 
Ontrtinff  and  wooing  brings  dallying  and  doing. 

Free  of  her  lips,  free  of  her  hips. 

A  rouk-town's  seldom  a  good  house-wife  at  home. 

This  is  a  Yorkshire  proverb.  A  rouk-town  is  a  gossiping  house-wife, 
who  loves  to  go  firom  house  to  house. 

Quickly  too'd,  [«.  e.  toothed,]  and  quickly  go. 

Quickly  will  thy  mother  have  moe.     Yorkeh. 

SomA  have  it.  Quickly  too'd,  quickly  with  God,  as  if  early  breeding  of 
teeth  were  a  sign  of  a  short  life ;  wnercas  we  read  of  some  bom  with 
teeth  in  their  heads,  who  yet  have  lived  long  enough  to  become  famous 
men ;  as  in  the  Roman  History,  M.  Curius  Dentatus  and  Cn.  Papyrius 
Carbo,  mentioned  by  Pliny,  lib.  vii.  cap.  16 ;  and  among  our  English  Kings, 
Kichard  III. 

'Tis  a  sad  burden  to  carry  a  dead  man's  child. 

Children  are  certain  cares,  but  very  uncertain  comforts. 

A  little  house  well  fill'd,  a  little  land  well  till'd,  and  a  little 
wife  well  will'd. 

One  year  of  joy,  another  of  comfort,  and  all  the  rest  of  con- 
tent.    A  marriage  wish. 


BSFBBBINO  TO  LOTS,   XTC.  47 

In  the  husband  wisdom,  in  the  wife  gentleness. 

My  son's  my  son  'till  he  hath  got  him  a  wife ; 

But  my  daughter's  my  daughter  all  the  days  of  her  life. 

The  lone  sheep  is  in  danger  of  the  wolf. 

A  light  heePd  mother  makes  a  heavy-heel'd  daughter. 

BecaoBe  she  doth  all  her  work  herselfi  and  her  daughter  the  mean  tima 
Rttiii^  idle,  contracts  a  habit  of  sloth.  Merr  pitteuse  fait  sa  JUU  rogn»tue, 
— Fr.    A  tender  mother  breeds  a  scabby  daughter. 

If  the  mother  had  never  been  in  the  oven,  she  would  not  have 
looked  for  her  daughter  there. 

When  the  husband  drinks  to  the  wife,  all  would  be  well :  when 
the  wife  drinks  to  the  husband,  all  is  well. 

When  a  couple  are  newly  married,  the  first  month  is  honey- 
moon, or  smick-smack ;  the  second  is,  hither  and  thither  ; 
the  third  is,  thwick-thwack ;  the  fourth,  the  devil  take  them 
that  brought  thee  and  I  together. 

Women  must  have  their  wills  while  they  live,  because  they 
make  none  when  they  die. 

England  is  the  Paradise  of  women. 

And  well  it  may  be  called  so,  as  might  easily  be  demonstrated  in  manj 
wrtic&laiB,  were  not  all  the  world  already  therein  satisfied.  Hence  it 
nath  been  said,  that  if  a  bridge  were  made  over  the  narrow  seas,  all  the 
women  in  Burope  would  come  over  hither.  Yet  is  it  worth  the  noting, 
that  though  in  no  country  of  the  world  the  men  are  so  fond  of,  so  muck 
gOTi'ned  by,  so  wedded  to  their  wives,  yet  hath  no  language  so  many 
prorerbial  invectives  against  women. 


TO  THE  FOBEOOnra  I   SHAIX  ADD    80MB     7BEHCH,   ITALIC 

AJSJ}   8PAKIBH   PBOYEBBS. 

All  meat's  to  be  eaten,  all  maids  to  be  wed.     Span, 

It  is  a  sad  house  where  the  hen  crows  louder  than  the  cock. 

Trx»ta  h  queUa  easa  dove  le  gdUine  cantaiw  e  %l  gciUo  tace,     Ital. 
If  a  woman  were  as  little  as  she  is  good, 

A  pease-cod  would  make  her  a  gown  and  a  hood. 
&  la  donna  fosse  piecoia  come  h  htona,  la  minima  foglia  lafarebhe 

una  veste  Sf  una  corona.     Ital. 
Msny  women  many  words,  many  geese  many  t — s.     Dove  sofuf 

ionne  Sf  ocehe  non  vi  sono  parole  poche,     Ital. 
Where  there  are  women  and  geese^  there  wants  no  noise. 


48  PSOYJSBBIiX  OB8£BTATIOK8. 

Not  what  is  she,  but  what  hath  she.    Protmiu  ad  e9uum  de 

morihtu  vUimafiet  Quastio,  Sfe.     JuYen. 
Donna  brutta  h  mal  de  stomaco»  donna  bella  mal  de  teste.  An 

ugly  tpotnan  m  a  disease  of  the  stomaeh,  a  handsome  tpoman  a 

disease  of  the  head. 
Maison  faite  et  femme  k  faire.     A  house  ready  made,  hut  a  wife 

to  make.    i.  e.  One  that  is  a  virgin,  and  young. 
Fille  brunette  gaie  et  nette.     A  broum  lass  is  gag  and  deanly. 
Ne  femina  ne  tela  al  lame  di  candela. — Ital.    Neither  women 

nor  linen  hy  candle-light. 
No  folly  to  being  in  love :    or  where  love  ia  in  the  case,  the 

doctor  is  an  ass.  [^Span, 

He  who  marrieth  does  well,  but  he  who  marrieth  not,  better. 
Si  quieres  hembra,  escoge  la  el  sabado,  y  no  el  Domingo.     If 

tnou  desirest  a  wife,  choose  her  on  Saturday  rather  than  on  a 

Sunday,    i.  e.  see  her  in  an  undress. 
Bl  consejo  de  la  muger  es  poco,  y  el  que  no  le  toma  es  loco. 

A  woman's  counsel  is  not  worth  much,  hut  he  that  despises  it  is 

no  wiser  than  he  should  be. 
Dry  bread  is  better  with  love  than  a  fat  capon  with  fear.  Catal. 
Femme  sotte  se  cognoit  k  la  cotte.      You  may  know  a  foolish 

woman  hy  her  finery. 
Quien  lexos  se  ya  a  casar,  6  Yk  engaiiado  6  va  It  enganar.     Se 

who  goes  far  from  home  for  a  wife,  either  means  to  cheat,  or  wiU 

he  cheated. 
Mas  quiero  el  necio  en  su  casa  que  el  cuerdo  en  la  agena.     A 

fool  knows  more  in  his  own  house  than  a  wise  man  in  another's. 
Muger  negra  trementina  en  ella. — A  black  woman  hath  turpen* 

tine  in  her.      The  Spaniards  consider  dark  \iomen   xhe 

wb)]esomest. 


49 


AS  ALPHABET  OF  JOCULATORY,  NUGATORY,  AND   RUSTIC 

PROVERBS. 

A. 

Tou  tee  what  we  must  all  come  to,  if  we  live. 

If  thoa  be  hungry,  I  am  an^ry  ;  let  us  go  fight. 

Lay  on  more  wood  ;  oihes  give  money.  2%w  u  an  ItaUan  pro- 
ferh :  Mette  pt^  sti  legna,  che  in  ogni  modo  la  cenere  val 
dsnari.  Used  ironieaUy  when  a  person  is  seen  laying  too  muJi 
wooden  the  fire. 

Six  awh  make  a  shoemaker* 

He  must  pack  up  his  awU, 

AH  oiiding,  as  hogs  fighting. 

B. 

Back  with  that  leg. 

He  has  giyen  him  the  hag  to  hold.     t.  e.  Run  away. 

Of  all,  and  of  aU,  commend  me  to  Ball ;  for  by  licking  the 

dishes  he  saved  me  much  labour. 
Like  a  harher^s  chair,  fit  for  every  buttock. 
A  hargain  is  a  bargain. 
His  hashfid  mind  hinders  his  good  intent. 
The  son  of  a  bachelor;  t.  e.  a  bastard; 

Then  the  town-buU  is  a  bachelor  ;  «.  e,  as  soon  as  such  an  one. 
He  speaks  bear-garden. 

That  is,  soch  rude  and  unciyil,  or  sordid  and  dirty,  language,  as  the 
nhUe  that  frequent  those  sports  are  wont  to  use. 

He  that  hath  eaten  a  bear-pie,  wiU  always  smeU  of  the  garden. 

JouL-heify  chimes,  it  is^-time^  go  to  dinner,  i 

Ton  shaU  haye  as  much  favour  at  Billingsgate  for  a  box  on  the 

ear. 
A  black  shoe  makes  a  merry  heart. 
He's  in  his  better  blw  clothes. 

He  thinks  himself  wondrous  fine. 

Hare  among  you,  blind  harpers. 

Good  blood  makes  bad  puddings  without  groats  or  suet. 

Xpilfgara  dvfip,    Nohility  is  nothing  hut  ancient  riches :  and  mcney  • 
the  idol  the  world  adores. 

A  ijo^  in  his  escutcheon. 

To  be  bout :  i.  e.  without,  as  Barrow  was.     Ohesn. 

B 


50  AS  ALPHABET  01" 

To  leave  hoys^  play,  and  go  to  blow-point.      Las  canat  «i 

fmeken  lanzas, — Span.     To  turn  the  canes  into  lances. 
You'll  not  believe  a  man  is  dead  till  you  see  his  brains  out. 
Well  rhymed,  tutor,  brains  and  stairs. 

Now  lued  in  derisioii  of  such  as  make  paltry,  ridicaloiu  rhymes. 
A  brinded  pig  will  make  a  good  brawn  to  breed  on.     A  redr 

headed  man  will  make  a  good  stallum. 
This  buying  of  bread  undoes  us. 
If  I  were  to  fast  for  my  life,  I  would  eat  a  good  brealfast   in 

the  morning. 
She  brides  it.     She  bridles  up  the  head,  or  acta  the  bride. 
As  broad  as  long.     «.  e.  Take  it  which  way  you  will,  there's  nc 

difference,  it  is  all  one. 
To  burst  at  the  broad-side. 
Like  an  old  woman's  breeehj  at  no  certainty. 
He  has  bought  a  brush,     i.  e.  He  has  run  away. 
He's  like  a  Imek  of  the  first  head. 

Bziak,  pert,  forward.    Some  apply  it  to  upstart  gentlemen. 

The  spirit  of  building  is  come  upon  him. 
He  wears  the  hdPs  feather. 

This  is  a  French  proverb  for  a  cuckold. 
It  melts  like  buUer  in  a  sow's  tail ;  or  works  like  soap,  &c« 
I  have  a  bone  in  my  arm. 

This  is  a  pretended  excuse,  with  which  people  amuse  young  childrea 
when  they  are  importunate  to  have  them  do  something,  or  reach  s^^mething 
for  them,  that  they  are  unwilling  to  do,  or  that  is  not  good  for  them. 

He  is  burnt  to  the  socket. 

Speaking  of  a  dying  man ;  he  is  at  his  last  gasp. 

Burroughs  end  of  a  sheep,  some  one. 

C. 

Etesy  eake  hath  its  make ;  but  a  scrape-cake  hath  two. 

Every  wench  hath  her  sweetheart,  and  the  dirtiest  commonly  thu  most. 
Make,  i.  e.  Hatch,  fellow. 

He  capers  like  a  fly  in  a  tar-box. 

He's  good  in  carding, 

I  would  cheat  my  own  father  at  cards, 

MThen  you  have  counted  your  cards,  you'll  find  you  have  guii« 

ed  but  little. 
Catch  that  catch  may. 


JOCUIATOBT  PBOTSBM.  51 

The  cai  hi:th  eaten  her  count. 

It  if  spoken  of  women  with  child  that  go  beyond  their  reekonii^c. 
He  liTes  under  the  sign  of  the  eafs  foot. 

He  Ib  hoi-peek'd;  his  wife  scratches  him. 
To  be  ckiek  bj  jowl. 
Whores  and  thieves  go  by  the  ehck. 
He's  in  ehver.     t.  e.  He  is  in  easy  circumstances. 
Qaoth  the  young  coek,  FU  neither  meddle  nor  make. 

When  he  saw  the  old  cock's  neck  wrong  off  for  taking  part  with  thic 
msBter;  and  the  old  hen's  for  taking  part  with  the  dame. 

To  Older  without  a  eomtdbU. 

He's  no  wnjwror. 

Marry  come  up,  my  dirty  cousin. 

Spoken  by  way  of  tamit,  to  those  who  boaat  themselves  of  their  birth 
psrentage,  or  the  like. 

CWm-germans  quite  removed. 

He's  fallen  into  a  eow^t — d. 

He  looks  like  a  cow4 — d  stuck  with  primroses. 

To  a  eot/fs  thumb. 

Crack  me  that  nut»  quoth  Bumsted. 

To  rock  the  cradle  in  one's  spectacles. 

Cremi^-pot  love. 

Such  as  yoong  feUows  pretend  to  dairy-maida,  to  get  cream  and  other 
food  things  of  &em.    Some  say  cupboard  love. 

Cuekoidi  are  Christians. 

The  story  is  well  known  of  the  old  woman,  who,  hearing  a  voni^  ftUow 
call  his  dog  a  cuckold,  said  to  him.  Are  yon  not  adiamed  to  call  a  &g  by  a 
Christiaa's  name  ? 

He  has  deserved  a  cmhhn. 
That  is,  he  hath  gotten  a  boy. 

To  kiU  a  man  with  a  emhion. 
A  n^(«tii-lecture. 
Such  an  one  as  a  wife  reads  her  husband  when  she  chides  him  in  bed. 

It  a  cuckold  come,  he'll  take  away  the  meat ;  vig.    If  there  be 

no  salt  on  the  table. 
It's  better  to  be  arcold  than  a  cuckold. 
For  want  of  company,  welcome  trumpery. 
That's  the  cream  of  the  jest. 
It's  bat  a  eopif  of  his  countenance. 

E  2 


52  AJf  ALPHABIT  Olf 

His  COW  hath  calyed,  or  sow  pigged. 

He  hath  got  what  he  sought  for,  or  eipected. 
With  coat  one  may  make  pottage  of  a  stool  foot. 

D. 
The  tUunel  dawcock  sits  amongst  the  doctors. 

Corekorua  inter  olera,  Corchorus  ia  &«maU  herh  of  little  aoooont :  sone 
take  it  to  be  the  male  pimpernel.  There  ia  another  herb  so  called,  which 
resembles  mallows,  and  is  much  eaten  by  the  Egyptians. 

When  the  devU  is  blind. 

Heigh  ho !  the  devU  is  dead. 

Strike,  Dawkin  :  the  devil  is  in  the  hemp. 

The  d&vU  is  good  to  some. 

'Tis  good  sometimes  to  hold  a  candle  to  the  decH. 

Holding  a  candle  to  the  devil  is  assisting  in  a  bad  cause,  an  evil  matter 

The  dtvU  is  in  the  dice. 

When  the  devil  is  a  hog  yoa  shall  eat  bacon. 

To  give  one  the  dog  to  hold,     k  *.  To  serve  one  a  dog  trick. 

'Tis  a  good  dog  can  catch  any  thing. 

He  looks  like  a  dog  under  a  door. 

Make  ct-doy  and  have  a-do. 

I  know  what  I  do  when  1  drink. 

Brink  off  your  drink,  and  steal  no  lambs. 

Drift  is  as  bad  as  unthrift. 

He  was  hanged  that  left  his  drink  behind  him. 

Good  fellows  have  a  story  of  a  certain  malefiM^r,  who  came  to  be  tui- 
pected  upon  leaving  his  drink  behind  him  in  an  ale-house,  at  the  news  ol 
a  hue  and  cry. 

A  good  day  will  not  mend  him,  nor  a  bad  day  impair  him. 
I'll  make  him  dance  without  a  pipe. 

f.  f.  m  do  him  an  injury,  and  he  shall  not  know  how. 

E. 

I'LL  warrant  you  for  an  egg  at  Easter. 

He  has  all  his  eyee  about  him.     «.  0.  He  looks  well  after  bis 

affairs. 
'Tis  along  with  your  eyee^  the  crows  might  have  helped  it  wheu 

you  were  young. 

F. 

Yoir  two  are  finger  and  thumb.  The  Italians  say,  JEhnno  legato 
il  heUico  insieme.  They  have  tied  their  navela  together :  1. 1 
They  are  inseparable  companions. 


JOCXTLATOBY    FBOYIBBS.  53 

My  wife  cnea^e  loaves  a  penny ;  i.  e.  She  is  in  travail* 

Tis  goodJUhy  if  it  were  but  caught. 

It  u  ipoken  of  any  considerable  good  that  ine  hath  not,  but  talki  mone  of, 
loei  for,  or  endeaTonis  after.  A  ratore  gooc,  which  is  tc  be  catched,  if  a 
man  can,  is  but  little  worth. 

To-morrow  morning  I  found  an  horse-shoe. 
The  fox  waa  sick,  and  he  knew  not  where : 

He  clapp'd  hia  hand  on  his  tail,  and  swore  it  waa  there. 
That  which  one  most  forehets  soonest  comes  to  pass. 

Qfted  paaqm  vM  nmquam^  homini  aoHa  eanium  4at  in  haras,    Hor. 

Look  to  him,  gaoler;  there's  a  frog  in  the  stocks. 
lUfrHg  like  gomm'd  taffety. 

G. 

To  give  one  the  ^o-by. 

The  way  to  be  gone  is  not  to  stay  here. 

Good  goose,  do  not  bite. 

*TLb  a  sorry  goose  that  will  not  baste  herself. 

I  care  no  more  for  it  than  a  gooss-t — d  for  the  Thames. 

Let  him  set  up  ahop  on  Goodtoin's  sands. 

This  is  apiece  of  conntry  wit;  there  being  an  cquiyeque  in  the  word 
Goodwin,  wnich  is  a  somame,  and  also  signines  gaining  wealth. 

He  would  live  in  a  gravel-pit. 

Spoken  of  a  wary,  sparing,  niggardly  person. 

This  growed  by  night, 
^ken  of  a  crooked  stick  or  tree,  it  conld  not  see  to  grow. 

Great  doings  at  Gregory's;  heat  the  oven  twice  for  a  coatard. 
He  that  swallowed  a  gudgeon. 

He  hath  swore  desperately,  viz.  to  that  which  there  is  a  great  presump 
tion  is  &lse :  swallowed  a  raise  oath. 

The  devil*B  gvts.  «.  e.  The  surveyor's  chain. 
A  good  feUowr  Hghta  his  candle  at  both  ends. 
Gfd  help  the  fool,  quoth  Pedley. 

This  Pedley  was  a  natural  fool  himself,  and  yet  had  nsnaUy  this  expres- 
Boa  in  his  month.  Indeed,  none  are  more  ready  to  pity  the  folly  of  otnert, 
thm  those  who  have  but  a  small  measure  of  wit  themselres. 

H. 

HiB  hair  grows  through  his  hood. 
He  is  yerj  poor ;  his  hood  is  fall  of  holes. 

have  a  handsome  head  of  hair ;  pray  give  me  a  tester. 
When  spendthrifts  come  to  borrow  money,  Ihey  commonly  :zshtf  intljdsi 


54  AS  AI.FHABST  OF 

emnd  with  some  friTolons  disconne  in  oommendation  of  the  pencn  tuor 
would  borrow  of,  or  some  of  his  parts  or  qualities :  the  same  may  be  laia 
of  beggars. 

A  handsom^hodied  man  in  the  face. 

Sang  yourself  for  a  pastime. 

If  I  be  hang'dy  I'll  cnooae  my  gallows. 

A  king  Harr^B  foce. 

Better  haye  it  than  hear  of  it. 

To  take  heart  of  grace. 

To  be  hide-hound. 

This  was  a  hiU  in  king  Harry's  days. 

To  be  loose  in  the  hxUe, 

Hit  or  miss  for  a  cow-heel. 

A  hoher-de-hoy ;  half  a  man  and  half  a  boy.    According  to 

Cfrose,  Hobbety-hoy. 

May  not  this  be  a  corruption  from  the  Spanish  JToinmv  de  hoff  t   A  man 
of  to-day. 

Hold  or  cut  cod-piece-point. 

Hold  him  to  it  buckle  and  thong. 

She's  an  holy-day  dame. 

You'll  make  honey  of  a  dog's-t — d. 

That  horee  is  troubled  with  corns,    t .  e.  Foundered. 

He  hath  eaten  a  horee^  and  the  tail  hangs  out  of  his  month. 

He  had  better  put  his  home  in  his  pocket  than  wind  them. 

There's  but  an  hour  in  a  day  between  a  good  houee^fe  and  a 

bad. 

With  a  little  more  pains,  she  that  flatters  might  do  things  noatl?. 
He  came  in  hoeed  and  shod. 

He^  was  bom  to  a  good  estate.    He  came  into  the  world  as  a  bee  into 
the  hire ;  or  into  a  house,  or  into  a  trade  or  employment 

I,  J. 

I  AH  not  the  first,  and  shall  not  be  the  last. 

To  be  Jack  in  an  office. 

An  inch  an  hour»  a  foot  a  day. 

A  basket  jtM^u^,  a  jill  justice,  a  good  forenoon  justice. 

He'll  do  jueMce,  right  or  wrong. 

K. 
Thebs  I  caught  a  knave  m  a  purse-net. 


JOCVLATOBT  PBOTBBBB.  55 

iTnock  under  the  board.    Mf  must  do  90  thai  will  not  drink  hu 

Aa  fgood  a  latave  I  know,  as  a  knave  I  know  not. 
A  horse-ibiM.    A  rude  kit»,  able  to  beat  one's  teeth  out. 

L. 

Hia  house  stands  on  my  lady^s  ground. 

A  long  lane,  and  a  fair  wind,  and  always  thy  heels  here  away. 

Lauee  are  lads'  leayings.     Chesh, 

In  Uie  ettt  poit  of  England,  where  they  use  the  word  mouther  for  a 
gid,  they  haTe  a  fond  old  saw  of  this  naton,  tis  : — Wenchet  are  tinkeri^ 
HieAetf  girta  an  pedlar^  tndUy  and  modhdhera  are  honeet  men's  daughters. 

He'll  laugh  at  the  wagging  of  a  straw. 

Neither  lead  nor  drive.     An  untoward,  unmanageable  person* 

To  play  least  in  sight. 

He  has  given  him  leg  bail.     t.  e.  decamped. 

To  go  as  if  dead  lice  dropped  out  of  him. 

He  la  so  poor,  lean,  and  weak,  that  he  cannot  maintain  his  lice. 

Thou'lt  lie  all  manner  of  colours  but  blue,  and  that  is  gone  to 

the  litting.     i.  e.  dying. 
Tell  a  lie,  and  find  the  troth. 
Uetenera  never  hear  good  of  themselves. 
To  lie  in  bed,  and  forecast. 
Sick  of  the  Lombard  fever,  or  of  the  idles. 
She  hath  been  at  London  to  call  a  strea  a  straw,  and  a  waw  a 

wall.     Chesh. 

This  the  common  people  use  in  scorn  of  those  who  having  been  a^ 
London,  are  ashamed  to  speak  their  own  oountrj  dialect. 

She  looked  on  me  as  a  cow  on  a  bastard  calf.     Somerset. 
She  lives  by  love  and  lumps  in  comers. 
I  lots  thee  like  pudding ;  if  thou  wert  pie  I  would  eat  thee. 
Every  one  that  cto  lick  a  dish ;  as  much  as  to  say,  every  one 

simpUeiter,  tag-rag  and  bobtail. 
'Tig  a  lightening  before  death. 

This  is  geDflnHy  obeerred  of  sick  persons,  that  a  little  before  they  dia 
tkar  pains  leave  them,  and  their  understanding  and  memory  retuiu  tc 
tha;  as  a  candle  just  before  it  goes  out  gives  a  great  tiase. 


5G  AH  ALPHABXT  OF 

The  best  dog  leap  the  stile  first,     i.  e.  Let  the  worthier 

person  take  place. 
You'd  do  well  in  lubberland,  where  ihey  have  half  a  crown  a 

day  for  sleeping. 

M. 

MdxriELD  measare,  heap  and  thrutch.     t.  e.  ^rust.     Chesk, 

To  find  a  mare's  nest. 

He's  a  man  every  inch  of  him. 

A  match,  quoth  Hateh^  when  he  got  his  wife  by  the  breech. 

A.  match,  quoth  Jack,  when  he  kissed  his  dame. 

All  the  matter's  not  in  my  lord  judge's  hand. 

Let  him  mend  his  manners,  it  will  be  his  own  another  day. 

He's  metal  to  the  back.     A  metaphor  taken  from  knives  and 

swords, 
'Tis  midsummer  moon  with  you.     t.  e.  you  are  mad. 
To  handle  without  mittens. 
He  was  bom  in  a  mill,     t.  e.  He's  deaf. 
Sampson  was  a  strong  man,  yet  could  he  not  pay  money 

before  he  had  it. 
Thou  shalt  have  moon^shine  in  the  mustard  pot  for  it.     t.  e. 

Nothing. 
Sick  of  the  mulligrubs  with  eating  chopped  hay. 
You  make  a  muck-hill  on  my  trencher,  quoth  the  bride. 

Yon  canro  me  a  cpreat  heap.  I  suppose  some  bride  at  first,  thinkine  to 
speak  elegantly  and  finely,  might  use  that  expression ;  and  so  it  was  ttukea 
up  in  droUeiy ;  or  else  it  is  only  a  droU,  made  to  abuse  country  brid»i, 
affecting  fine  language. 

This  maid  was  bom  odd. 

Spoken  of  a  maid  who  lives  to  be  old,  and  cannot  get  a  husband. 

N. 

NiPENCB  nopence,  half  a  groat  lackmg  twopence. 

Would  No  I  thank  you  had  never  been  made. 

His  nose  will  abide  no  jests. 

Doth  your  nose  sweU  [or  eek,  t .  e,  itch]  at  that  f 

I  had  rather  it  had  wrung  you  by  the  nose  than  me  by  the 

belly,     f.  e.  a  f — t. 
*Tis  the  nature  of  the  beast. 


JOOTTLATOST  PSOTEBBS.  67 

0. 

k  sKaLL  officer. 

Onee  oat,  and  always  out. 

Old  enough  to  lie  without  doors. 

Old  muck-hills  will  bloom. 

Old  man,  when  thou  diest,  give  me  thy  doublet. 

An  oid  woman  in  a  wooden  ruff.     t.  e.  lu  an  antique  dress. 

It  will  do  with  an  onion. 

To  look  like  an  010/  in  an  ivy-bush. 

To  walk  by  owUight, 

He  has  a  good  estate,  but  that  the  right  owner  keeps  it  from 

him. 
How  do  you  after  your  oysters  ? 
All  (m« ;  but  their  meat  goes  two  ways. 

P. 

THiBS*a  9k  pad  in  tlie  straw. 

As  it  pleases  the  painter. 

Mock  no  pannier-men,  your  father  was  a  fisher. 

Efery^ia  hath  its  vease,  and  a  bean  fifteen. 

A  vtaUf  in  Italian  vesciay  is  crepitus  witrU,  So  it  rigniles,  poas  att  fia- 
talent,  but  beans  ten  times  more. 

Ton  may  know  by  a  penny  how  a  shilling  spends. 
Peter  of  wood,  church  and  mills  are  all  his.     Chesh^ 
Qopipe  at  Padley,  there's  a  pescod  feast. 

Some  have  it,  Go  pipe  at  Cohton,  S^c.    It  is  spoken  in  derision  to  people 
that  buy  themselves  about  matters  of  no  concernment. 

He  has|) — «*</  his  tallow. 

This  is  spoken  of  bucks  who  grow  lean  after  rutting  time,  and  may  be 
sppliedtomen. 

To  piu  down  one's  back.     t.  e.  to  flatter. 
Such  a  reason  pissed  my  goose. 
He  flays  you  as  fair  as  if  he  picked  your  pocket. 
He  hss  been  seeking  the  placket. 

If  you  be  not  pleased,  put  your  hand  in  your  pocket,  and 
^ease  yourself. 

A  jeering  expression  to  such  as  will  not  be  pleased  with  the  reasonablfl 
a^etsof  ouen. 

Asj^vsias  a  jugglem  ear.     t.  e.  a  quagmire.     Deoonsh. 


58  AK  JLLPHABZT  OF 

To  poeJcet  an  ujarjr. 

I.  0.  IV)  pais  it  bj  wiihoat  rerenge,  or  taking  notice. 
The  difference  between  the  poor  man  and  the  rich  3,  that  tlu 

poor  walketh  to  get  meat  for  his  stomach ;  the  rich,  a  stt). 

tnach  for  hia  meat. 
Prate  is  prate,  bat  it's  the  dack  lays  the  eggs. 
She  is  at  ner  last  prayers, 
Proo  naunt  your  mare  puts.     t.  e,  pushes. 
It  would  Tex  a  dog  to  see  a  pudding  creep. 
He  was  christened  with  pump  water. 

It  is  ipoken  of  one  that  hath  a  red  face. 

Pie-lid  makes  people  wise. 

Became  no  man  can  tell  what  is  in  a  pie  tin  ike  lid  be  taken  np. 
To  ride  post  for  a  pudding. 

Be  fair  conditioned,  and  eat  bread  with  your  pudding. 
He  is  at  a  forced  put. 

a 

We'll  do  as  they  do  at  Quern  y 

What  we  do  not  to-day,  we  must  do  in  the  morn. 
Quick  and  nimble,  it  will  be  your  own  another  day. 

In  some  places  they  say,  in  drollery,  Quick  and  nim^  mor$  lih$  a  hear 
than  a  tquirreL 

R. 

Some  rain,  some  rest.     A  harvest  proverb. 

The  dirt-bird  [or  dirt-owl]  sings,  we  shall  have  rain. 

When  melancholy  penons  are  Tery  merry,  it  is  obserred,  that  then 
nsoally  follows  an  extraordinary  fit  of  sadness ;  they  doing  all  things  oon- 
monly  in  extremes. 

Every  day  of  the  week  a  shower  of  rain,  and  on   Sunday 

twain. 
A  rieh  rogue,  two  shirts  and  a  rag. 
JRight,  master,  right ;  four  nobles  a  year  is  a  crown  a  quarter. 

Chesh. 
Right,  ISiogeT,  your  sow  is  good  mutton. 
Room  for  cuckolds,  &c. 

He  rose  with  his  a — e  upwards.     A  sign  of  good  luck. 
He  would  live  as  long  as  old  Rosse  of  Fottem,  who  lived  till  all 

the  world  was  weary  r)f  him. 


JOCirLA.T0BT  PBOTIBBS.  59 

Let  him  alone  with  the  saint's  hell,  and  give  him  ntpe  enongU. 

He  is  on  the  high  rope9,    t .  e.  Conceited  and  insolent. 

The  lass  in  the  red  petticoat  shall  pay  for  all. 

Toong  men  anawer  lo  when  they  are  chid  for  being  lo  prodigal  and 
•xpenrire ;  meaning,  thoy  will  get  a  wife  with  a  good  portion,  Uiat  shall 
pay  for  it 

Biehe$  role  the  roast. 
Bub  and  a  good  cast. 

Be  not  too  hasty,  and  you'll  speed  the  better.  Make  not  more  haste 
than  good  qpeed. 

S. 

*Tis  sooner  taid  than  done. 

Say  nothing  when  yon  are  dead.    t.  e.  Be  silent. 

S^iooUhoyi  are  the  most  reaaonable  people  in  the  world  ;  they 

care  not  how  little  they  have  for  their  money. 
A  Seoi  on  SeofB  hank. 

The  Scotch  ordinary,    t .  e.  The  house  of  office. 
She  has  heen  stnng  hy  a  serpent,     t.  e.  She  is  with  child 

E  etata  heecata  da  una  serpe,     Ital. 
That  goes  against  the  ehins.    u  e.  It  is  to  my  prejudice,  I  di 

it  not  willingly. 
He  knows  not  whether  his  shoes  go  awry. 
In  the  shoemaker's  stocks. 

Sigh  not,  but  send ;  he'll  come,  if  he  be  unhang'd. 
Sirrah  your  dogs,  sirrah  not  me  ; 

For  I  was  bom  hefore  you  could  see. 
Of  all  tame  beasts  I  hate  sluts. 
He  ia  nothing  hut  skin  and  hones. 
Snapping  so  short  (wondering)  makes  you  look  so  lean. 
He  is  up  to  snufi^.    t.  e.  He  is  not  to  he  taken  in. 
To  epin  a  fair  thread. 

Spit  in  his  mouth,  and  make  him  a  mastifT. 
No  man  cries  stifdnng  fish. 
Stretching  and  yawning  leadeth  to  bed. 
Nay,  stay,  quotli  Stringer,  when  his  neck  waa  in  the  haltor. 
To  stumble  at  the  truckle-hed. 

To  mistake  the  chamber-maid's  bed  for  his  wife's. 
He  could  have  sung  well  hefore  he  broke  his  left  shoulder 
with  whistling. 


60  AS  ALFUABKT  OV 

Sweet'heBTt  and  bag-puddiug. 

T. 
HiB  tail  urill  catch  the  chin-cough. 

Spoken  of  one  that  sits  on  the  ground. 

A  tall  man  of  his  hands,  he  will  not  let  a  beast  rest  in  hii 

pocket. 
He's  Tom  Tell- troth. 
Two  slips  for  a  tester. 
The  tears  of  the  tankard. 

Four  farthings  and  a  thimble  make  a  tailor's  pocket  jingle. 
To  throw  snot  about,     t.  e.  To  weep. 
Though  he  says  nothing,  he  pays  it  with  thinking,  like  the 

W^chman's  jackdaw. 
When  Tom*9  pitcher  is  broken  I  shall  have  the  sheards. 

«.  e.  Kindness  after  others  are  done  with  it,  the  refiue. 

Titth-tatHe,  give  the  goose  more  hay. 

Toasted  cheese  hath  no  master. 

Driek  for  trick,  and  a  stone  in  thy  foot  besides,  quoth  one 

pvUing  a  stone  out  of  his  morels  foot,  lohen  she  bit  him  on  the 

back,  and  he  her  on  the  buttock. 
Are  there  traitors  at  the  table,  that  the  loaf  is  turned  the 

wrong  side  upwards  ? 
To  trot  like  a  doe. 
There's  not  a  t — d  to  choose,  quoth  the  good  wife,  by  her  two 

pounds  of  butter. 
He  looks  like  a  toothrdrawer  ;  t.  e.  very  thin  and  meagre. 
That's  as  tnne  as  I  am  his  uncle. 
Turnspits  are  dry. 
To  have  a  two-legged  tympany  ;  t.  e,  to  be  with  child. 

V. 

rsAL  will  be  cheap  :  calves  fall. 

A  jeer  for  those  who  lose  the  calves  of  their  legs  hy,  &c. 

In  a  shoulder  of  veal  there  are  twenty  and  i«fo  good  bits. 

This  is  a  piece  of  country  wit    They  mean  by  it,  there  are  twenty 
(others  say  forty)  bits  in  a  shoulder  of  veal,  and  but  two  good  ones. 

He's  a  velvet  true  heart.     C^sK 


JOCUliA.TOBT  PBOTEUB8.  61 

m  tmture  it  as  Johnson  did  his  wife,  and  she  did  well. 

/7i7  with  it,  if  it  he  but  a  gallon  ;  it  >vill  ease  your  stomach. 

W. 

Look  on  the  toaU^  and  it  will  not  bite  you. 

Spoken  in  jeer  to  sach  as  are  bitten  witb  mustard. 

A  Scotch  warming-pan,     i.  e.  A  wench. 

The  story  is  well  known  of  the  gentleman  trayelling  in  Scotland,  who  , 
desiring  to  have  his  bed  warmed,  the  serrant-maid  doffs  ber  clothes,  and 
lays  herself  down  in  it  a  while.    In  Scotland  they  have  neither  bellows, 
warming-pans,  nor  bouses  of  office. 

She's  as  qaiet  as  a  ijoasp  in  one's  nose. 

Every  man  in  his  toay. 

Water  bewitched,  «.  e.  very  thin  beer. 

Eat  and  welcome  :  fast,  and  heartily  welcome. 

I  am  very  wheamatc,  ( i.  e,  nimble,)  quoth  the  old  woman, 

when  she  stepped  into  the  milk  bowl.     Yorksh. 
A  white-Uvered  fellow. 

How  doth  your  whither  go  you  ?     t.  e.  Your  wife. 
To  shoot  wide  of  the  mark. 
Widey  quoth  Wilson. 

To  sit  like  a  wtre-drawer  under  his  work.     Yorhh. 
He  hath  more  wit  in  his  head  than  thou  in  both  thy  shoulders. 
He  hath  played  wily  beguiled  with  himself. 
You  may  truss  up  all  his  wit  in  an  egg-shell. 
Hold  your  tongue,  husband,  and  let  me  talk,  that  have  aD  the 

wit. 
The  wit  of  you,  and  the  wool  of  a  blue  dog,  will  make  a  good 

jmedley. 
This  is  the  world,  and  the  other  is  the  country. 
WTien  the  devil  is  dead,  there's  a  wife  for  Humphry. 
To  wrap  it  up  in  clean  linen. 

To  deliver  sordid  or  uncleanly  matter  in  decent  language. 
A  point  next  the  wrist. 

Y. 

Hs  has  made  a  younger  brother  of  him. 

The  younger  brother  hath  the  more  vriU 

The  younger  brother  is  the  ancienter  gentleman. 

(Md  and  tough,  young  and  tender* 


62 


MISCELLANEOUS  P&OVEBBLAL  SATINQS. 

Pot  a  miller,  a  weayer,  and  a  tailor,  in  a  bag,  and  shake  ihetn, 

the  first  that  comes  out  will  be  a  thief. 
Harry's  children  of  Leigh,  never  an  one  like  another. 
A  seaman,  if  he  carries  a  mill-stone,  will  have  a  quail  out  of 

it     l^ksn  of  the  common  mariners,  if  they  can  come  at  thing% 

that  may  he  eaten  or  drank. 

Go  here  away,  go  there  away,  auoth  Madge  Whitworth,  when 
she  rode  the  mare  in  the  tedder. 

There's  struction  (t.  e,  destruction)  of  honey,  quoth  Dunkinly, 
when  he  lick'd  up  the  hen-t — d. 

I  kill'd  her  for  good  will,  said  Scot,  when  he  killed  his  neigh- 
bour's mare. 

6ip  with  an  ill  rubbing,  quoth  Badger,  when  his  mare  kicked. 

This  is  a  lidiculous  expTeadon,  med  to  people  that  are  pettish  and 
froward. 

He's  a  hot  shot  in  a  mustard-pot  when  both  his  heels  stand 

right  up. 
Three  dear  years  will  raise  a  baker's  daughter  to  a  portion. 

*Tie  not  the  emaUness  of  the  bread,  hut  the  knavery  of  the  haker. 

I  hope  better,  quoth  Benson,  when  his  wife  bid  him  come  in, 
cuckold. 

One,  two,  three,  four,  are  just  half  a  score. 

He  answers  with  monosyllables,  as  Tarleton  did  one  who  out- 
ate  him  at  an  ordinaiy. 

My  name  is  Twyford ;  I  know  nothing  of  the  matter. 

The  Spaniards  saj.  No  m  nada,  de  mia  vinos  vengo, — Span.  When  a 
man  will  not  know  or  be  conoemed  in  what  has  happened,  he  pleads  that 
he  has  heen  abscmt  at  his  yineyard. 

Read,  try,  judge,  and  speak  as  you  find»  aays  old  Su£Polk. 
I'll  oAake  lum  fly  up  with  Jackson's  heub.     t.  e,  undo  him. 

So,  when  a  man  u  hroke,  or  undone,  we  say  he  is  blown  up. 
rU  make  him  water  his  horse  at  Highgate* 

I.  0.  ril  sue  him,  and  make  him  take  a  journey  np  to  London. 
What  haye  I  to  do  with  Bradshaw's  windmiU  ?  Leiceet. 

What  haye  I  to  do  with  other  mens*  matters  ? 
He  that  would  haye  good  luck  in  horses,  must  kiss  the  parsou'B 

wife. 


PBOTERBIAX  SAYOTOft.  63 

He  that  soites  his  nose,  and  hath  it  not,  forfeits  his  faoe  to 

the  king. 

A  mm  can  do  no  more  than  he  can. 
1^  an  ill  gnest  that  neyer  drinks  to  his  host. 
Eat  thy  meat,  and  drink  thy  drink,  and  stand  thy  ground^ 

old  Harry. 
He  toils  like  a  dog  in  a  wheel,  who  roasts  meat  for  other 

people's  eating. 

Run  tap,  ran  tapster. 

This  is  said  of  a  tapster  that  drinks  so  much  himself  and  is  so  free  of 
Us  dimk  to  others,  that  he  is  fiEtin  to  run  awaj. 

He  hath  got  the  fiddle,  hat  not  the  stick. 

t. «.  The  books,  but  not  the  learning,  to  make  use  of  them,  or  the  ike. 

That's  the  way  to  catch  the  old  one  on  the  nest. 

This  most  be  if  we  brew. 

That  is,  if  we  undertake  mean  and  sordid  or  lucrati?e  employments,  we 
must  be  content  with  some  trouble,  inconvenience,  afi&onts,  distorbance,  &c 

All  friends  ronnd  the  Wrekin,  not  forgetting  the  trunk-maker 
and  his  son  Tom. 
A  proTcrbial  expression,  common  in  Essex. 


FBOTEBBIAL  PSBIPHBASES  OF  OlfB  DBUNE. 

Hx'b  disguised.  He  has  got  a  piece  of  bread  and  cheese 
iu  his  head.  He  has  drank  more  than  he  has  bled.  He  has 
been  in  the  san.  He  has  a  jag  or  load.  He  has  got  a  dish. 
He  has  got  a  cup  too  much.  He  is  one  and  thirty.  He  is 
dagg'd.  He  has  cut  his  leg.  He  is  afflicted.  He  is  top- 
heary.  The  malt  is  above  the  water.  As  drunk  as  a  wheel- 
barrow. He  makes  indentures  with  his  legs.  He*s  well  to 
h?e.  He's  about  to  cast  up  hisreckoniog  or  accounts.  He 
has  made  an  example.  He  is  concerned.  He  is  as  drunk  as 
David's  sow.  He  has  stolen  a  manchet  out  of  the  brewer's 
basket.  He's  raddled.  He  is  very  weary.  He  drank  till  he 
gave  up  his  half-penny,  t.  e.  vomited. 

PBOfTXBBIAI*  PHBA8E8  AlO)  SEKTEKCES  BELONGDYO  TO  BRIKK 

AKB  BBUnaVG. 

Lice  your  dish.  Wind  up  your  bottom.  Play  o£P  your 
dust.    Hold  up  your  dagger  hand.     Make  a  pearl  on  youi 


64  PBOVEJIBIAL   BATIKeS. 

nail.  To  bang  the  pitcher.  There's  no  deceit  in  a  orimmer. 
Sup,  Simon,  the  best  is  at  the  bottom.  Ale  that  would  make 
a  cat.to  speak.  Fill  what  you  will,  and  drink  what  you  fill. 
She's  not  a  good  housewife  that  will  not  wind  up  her  bottom. 
f .  0.  take  off  her  drink.     He  has  shot  the  cat. 

▲   LIAB. 

He  deserves  the  whetstone.  He'll  not  let  any  body  lie  by 
him.  He  shall  have  the  king's  horse.  He's  a  long-bow  man. 
He  lies  as  fast  as  a  dog  can  trot. 

A   OBEAT  LI£. 

That  was  laid  on  with  a  trowel.  That's  a  loud  one.  That's 
a  lie  with  a  witness.  A  lie  with  a  latchet.  That  sticks  in  his 
throat.  If  a  lie  could  have  choked  him,  that  would  have 
done  it.     The  dam  of  that  was  a  wisker. 

A  BAITKBUFT. 

Hb's  all  to  pieces.  He's  blown  up.  He  has  shut  up  his 
shop  windows.  He  dares  not  show  his  head.  He  hath  swal- 
lowed a  spider.  He  hath  shewed  them  a  fair  pair  of  heela. 
He  is  marched  off.  He  goes  on  his  last  legs.  He  is  run  off 
his  legs. 

A  WHOBB. 

Shb's  like  a  cat,  she'll  play  with  her  tail.  She's  as  right 
as  my  leg.  A  light-skirts.  A  kind-hearted  soul.  She's  loose 
in  the  hUts.  A  lady  of  pleasure.  A  cockatrice.  A  leman. 
She's  as  common  as  a  barber's  chair.  As  common  as  the  high- 
way. She  lies  backward,  and  lets  out  her  fore-rooms.  She 
is  neither  wife,  widow,  nor  maid.  She  is  one  of  us.  She's  a 
wagtail. 

A  COTETOI7S  PEB90K. 

His  money  comes  from  him  like  drops  of  blood.  He'll  flay 
a  flint.  He'll  not  lose  the  droppings  of  his  nose.  "He  aerre^ 
the  poor  with  a  thump  on  the  back  with  a  stone.  He'll  dreaa 
an  egg  and  gire  the  offal  to  the  poor.  He's  like  a  awine,  never 
good  until  he  come  to  the  knife.  Aoarus  nisi  cum  maritur  nH 
rwUfaeU.  Lat     His  purse  is  made  of  toad's  skin. 


PSOTESBIAL  BATINOS. 
FBOTXBBIAL  PHRASES   BELA.TIKO  TO   8EYXSAL  TBADXl. 

Thb  smith  hath  always  a  spark  in  his  throat.  The  smith 
and  his  penny  are  hoth  black.  Nine  tailors  make  a  man. 
Cobbler's  law ;  he  that  takes  money  must  pay  the  shot.  To 
brew  in  a  bottle,  and  bake  in  a  bag.  The  devil  would  have 
been  a  weaver  but  for  the  Temples.  The  gentle  crafl.  Sit 
Hugh's  bones.  A  hangman  is  a  good  trade,  he  doth  his  work 
by  dsy-light.  It  is  good  to  be  sure.  Toll  it  again,  quoth  the 
miller.  Any  tooth,  good  barber.  A  horse-doctor,  «.  e,  a  far- 
rier. He  should  be  a  baker,  by  his  bow-legs.  Take  all,  and 
pay  the  baker.     He  drives  a  subtle  trade. 

PBOVZBBIAL   PHKASSS  ADOPTED    P£0'i£   THE   OBEEKS,   APPLI- 
CABLE TO    HTJMAK  FOLLIES,  ABSUBDITIES,  OB  PITBSUITS. 

He  ploughs  the  air.  He  washes  the  Ethiopian.  He  mea- 
lores  a  twig.  He  opens  the  door  with  an  axe.  He  demands 
tribute  of  the  dead.  He  holds  the  serpent  by  the  tail.  He 
tikes  the  buU  by  the  horns.  He  is  making  clothes  for  fishes. 
He  is  teachiog  an  old  woman  to  dance.  He  is  teaching  a  pig 
to  play  on  a  flute.  He  catches  the  wind  with  a  net.  He 
changes  a  fly  into  an  elephant.  He  takes  the  spring  from  the 
year.  He  is  making  ropes  of  sand.  He  sprinkles  incense  on 
a  dttnghill.  He  is  ploughing  a  rock.  He  is  sowing  on  the 
sand.  He  takes  oil  to  extinguish  the  fire.  He  chastises  the 
(lead.  He  seeks  water  in  the  sea.  He  puts  a  rope  to  the  eye 
of  a  needle.  He  is  washing  the  crow.  He  draws  water  with 
a  sieve.  He  gives  straw  to  his  dog,  and  bones  to  his  ass.  He 
Qambers  the  waves.  He  paves  the  meadow.  He  paints  the 
dead.  He  seeks  wool  on  an  ass.  He  digs  the  well  at  the 
hfer.  He  puts  a  hat  on  a  hen.  He  runs  agidnst  the  point  of 
a  spear.  He  is  erecting  broken  ports.  He  fans  with  a  feather. 
He  strikes  with  a  straw.  He  cleaves  the  clouds.  He  takes  a 
spear  to  kill  a  fly.  He  brings  his  machines  after  the  war  is 
OTer.  He  washes  his  sheep  with  scalding  water.  He  speaks 
of  things  more  ancient  than  chaos.  He  roasts  snow  in  a  fur* 
pace.  He  holds  a  looking-glass  to  a  mole.  He  is  teaching 
iroQ  to  swim.     He  is  building  a  bridge  over  the  sea. 


66 


PROVERBS  THAT  ARE  ENTIRE  SENTENCES. 

A. 

Long  absent,  soon  forgotten. 

Parallel  to  this  are,  Out  of  tight  out  of  mind,  and  Seldom  uat,  tomfur^ 
gotten  :  and  not  mnch  different  those  Greek  ones,  TifXot;  valovrt^  ^tXo 
oi'K  lici  ^ikoi.    Friends  dwelling  afar  off  are  not  friends.    And  EloXXckc 
^iXtac  a  irpovriyopia  BUXvffi.  Forbearance  of  conTersation  dissolyes  friend- 
ihip. 

There  is  no  accord  where  every  man  would  be  a  lord. 

Adversity  makes  a  man  wise,  not  rich. 

The  French  say,  Vent  au  visage  rend  un  homme  sage.  The  wind  in  a 
man's  face  makes  nim  wise.  If  to  be  good  be  the  greatest  wisdom,  cer* 
tainly  affliction  and  adversity  make  men  better.     Vexatio  dot  intelleetum. 

He  that's  a/raid  of  every  grass  must  not  p — 8  in  a  meadow. 

Chi  ha  paufa  dogni  urtiea  non  pieei  in  herba. — ItaL  He  that* s  afraid  of 
every  nettle  moMr  not  p-~s  in  the  grass. 

He  that's  afraid  of  leaves  must  not  come  in  a  wood. 

This  is  a  French  pioverb  Englished.  Qui  a  peur  dee  femUes  me  doit  pa* 
aUer  au  boie.  The  Italians  say,  Ifon  entri  tra  roeea  e  fueo,  ehm  mm  vuai 
tuerJUato. 

He  that's  afraid  of  the  wagging  of  feathers,  must  keep  from 
among  wild  fowl. 

Mr.  Cotgrave,  in  his  French  Dictionary,  produces  this  as  an  English 
proverb,  parallel  to  the  preceding. 

He  that's  afraid  of  wounds  must  not  come  nigh  a  battle. 

These  four  proverbs  have  all  one  and  the  same  sense,  viz.  That  timorous 
persons  must  keep  as  far  off  from  danger  as  they  can.  They  import  also, 
that  causeless  fear  Works  men  unnecessary  disouiet,  puts  them  upon  absurd 
and  foolish  practices,  and  renders  them  ridiculous. 

He  18  never  likely  to  have  a  good  thing  cheap  that  is  afraid  to 
ask  the  price.  II  n*  aura  jamais  hon  marchd  qui  ne  le  demande 
pas, — Fr. 

Agree,  for  the  law  is  costly. 

This  is  good  counsel  backed  with  a  ^;ood  reason,  the  charees  of  a  suiw 
many  times  exceeding  the  value  of  the  thmg  contended  for.  The  Italians 
aay,  Meglio  ^  magro  aecordo  ehe  gratsa  eenienza,  A  lean  agreement  is 
better  than  a  fat  sentence. 

A  man  cannot  live  by  the  air. 
Good  ale  ia  meat,  drink,  and  cloth. 


SKTIBE   UHTENCES.  67 

Pair  chieve  good  ale,  it  makes  many  folks  speak  as  they  thiuk. 

Fair  chiere  ii  used  in  tlie  same  senae  here  as  Wi^fart  sometimes  is  in 
the  south,  that  is,  good  speed,  good  saccess  hare  it,  I  eommend  it.  It 
shaU  hare  my  good  wish,  or  good  word.    In  vino  vmtaa. 

We  ahall  lie  all  alike  in  our  grayes. 

.£qm  teOtu  pawperi  redudiiur  regumque  pueria, — Horat    Mors  teepira 
a^mibut  aquat.    No  occupa  mat  pie*  de  tierra  el  euerpo  del  papa  que  el  del 
•aeristan,  aunque  §ea  mas  alto  el  uno  que  el  otroj  que  al  enirar  en  el  hoyo  todrn 
not  offuOamot  y  enaifemot,  6  not  hacen  ajuttar  y  eneoger,  mal  que  not  pete, 
«  buenat  noeket, — Span. 

rVo  living  man  aU  things  can. 

3m  omnia  pottumua  MiuMf.— VirgiL  See  many  sentenoes  to  this  pnipose 
in  Eraamos's  Adages. 

Alwwit  was  never  hanged. 

AlmoH  and  very  nigh  sa?es  many  a  life. 

The  signification  of  this  word  dbnott  having  some  latitude,  men  are  apt 
to  stretch  it  to  ooYer  untruths. 

Anger  is  short-liyed  in  a  good  man. 
Angry  (or  hasty)  men  seldom  want  woe. 

Hasty,  in  our  language,  is  hut  a  more  gentle  word  for  angry.  Anger, 
indeed,  makes  men  hasty,  and  inconsiderate  in  their  actions.  Fmror  iraqut 
mentem  praeipilant.     OUa  que  mueho  yerve,  tabor  pierde. — Span. 

He  that  is  angry  withunt  a  cause,  must  he  pleased  without 

amends. 
Two  anons  and  a  bye  and  bye  is  an  hour  and  a  half. 
Scald  not  your  lips  in  another  man's  pottage. 

Parallel  hereto  is  that  place,  Frov.  xxXYi.  17. 
The  higher  the  ape  goes,  the  more  he  shows  his  tail. 

The  higher  beggars  or  base-bred  persons  are  advanced,  the  more  they 
discover  the  lowneas  and  baseness  of  their  spirits  and  tempers  :  for  as  the 
Scripture  saith,  iVw.  zxzvi.  i.  "Honour  is  unseemly  for  a  fool."  7\*/ai 
cuMt  la  timia,  ehi  piu  va  in  alto  piu  mottra  il  ettlo, — Ital.  The  Italians,  I 
find,  draw  this  proverb  to  a  different  sense  to  signify  one,  who,  the  more 
U  speaks  the  more  sport  he  makes,  and  the  more  ridiculous  he  renders 

'irgui  at  home,  but  a  mole  abroad.   In  easa  aryo,  difuori  talpa. 

A  man  should  be  scrupulously  attentive  to  what  is  going  forward  in  hix 
3V11  h'juse,  but  blind  to  what  passes  in  another's. 

Stretch  your  arm  no  further  than  your  sleeve  will  reach. 

U^ifx  te  quemque  modulo  tuo  ae  pede  verum  est. 

>  ^  trifid  fellow  is  the  devil  in  a  doublet. 

V  2 


58  PBOYZBBS  THAT  AXE 

Never  be  (uhamed  to  eat  your  meat. 

Apttd  metuam  veruundari  nemman  duet,  ErasmoB  takes  notice  Ui&t 
this  proTerb  u  handed  down  to  ns  from  the  ancientB,  save  that  the  Tnl^ 
add,  neque  m  leeto :  whereas,  saith  he,  Ifutguam  magi*  habenda  eat  ventimdia 
ratio  ^idm  in  leeto  et  eonvivio.  Tet  some  there  are,  who,  out  of  a  nutie 
•hame-facednees,  or  oyer-mannerliness,  are  Tery  tronhlesome  at  tabk, 
expecting  to  be  carved  to,  and  often  inTited  to  eat,  and  refusing  what  joo 
offer  them,  &c.  The  Italians  say  almost  in  Iho  same  words,  A  tavola  mm 
bieogna  haier  ver^ogna.  And  the  French,  Qtd  a  honte  de  manger  a  hoiUe  A 
vivre.    He  that  is  ashamed  to  eat  is  ashamed  to  live. 

Every  man  must  eat  a  peck  of  a%hM  before  he  dies. 

Lose  nothing  for  asking. 

Every  (us  thinks  himself  worthy  to  stand  with  the  kiag'» 

horses. 
An  MS  was  never  cut  out  for  a  lap-dog. 
An  OM  covered  with  gold  is  more  respected  than  a  horse  with 

a  pack-saddle. 
A  kindly  aver  will  never  make  a  good  horse. 

This  is  a  Scotch  Proverb,  quoted  by  King  James  in  his  BatOieen  Doron. 
It  seems  the  word  aver  in  Scottish  signifies  a  colt,  as  also  appears  by  that 
other  proverb,  An  inch  of  a  nag  is  worth  a  span  of  an  aver.  In  our  an- 
cient writings  averium  signifies  any^  labouring  beast,  whether  ox  or  hone, 
and  seems  to  be  all  one  with  the  lAtanJumentum, 

Awe  makes  dun  draw. 

B. 

That  which  is  good  for  the  back  is  bad  for  the  head. 

Omnia  eommodxta»  auafert  ineommoda  aeeum. 

He  loves  bacon  weU  that  licks  the  swine-sty  door. 
Where  ba^9  the  best,  naught  must  be  the  choice. 
A  bad  bush  is  better  than  the  open  field. 

n  n*g  a  paa  ai  petit  buiaaon  qui  ne  porta  ombre. — Fr.  That  ia,  it  is 
better  to  have  any  though  a  bad  friend  or  relation,  than  to  be  quite  des- 
titute, and  exposed  to  the  wide  world. 

A  bad  shift  is  better  than  none. 

Some  say,  Better  half  an  egg  than  an  empty  sheU. 

\Vlien  bale  is  hezt,  boot  is  next. 

Hext  is  a  oontraction  of  highest,  as  next  is  of  nighesL  Bale  is  an  old 
English  word,  ngnifying  misery ;  and  boot,  profit  or  help.  So  it  is  at 
much  as  to  say,  When  things  are  come  to  the  worst  they'll  mead.  0«m 
iiwjjiwaiifMr  laterea  vemi  Mocea 


XNTIllE  8SKTXN0X8.  $9 

A  bald  head  is  soon  shaven. 
Qfotn  peipttna  heredad  tienea  ptuo*  la  mide.     Span. 

Make  not  balJks  of  good  ground. 

A  balk,  Latin  icammun :  a  piece  of  earth  which  the  ploagh  dips  oret 
without  taminf  np  or  breaking.  It  ia  alao  lued  for  narrow  slipa  of  land 
left  onploDghed  on  purpose  in  diampagne  conntries,  for  bonndariei  between 
nens^  undsy  or  some  other  conyenience. 

A  good  face  needs  no  band  ;  and  a  bad  one  deserves  none. 
Some  make  a  rhyme  of  this,  by  adding,  And  a  pretty  wench  no  land. 

At  a  great  bargain  make  a  pause. 

More  words  than  one  go  to  a  bargain, 

A  good  bargain  is  a  pick-purse. 

Boh  marckd  tire  f  argent  hon  de  la  howrte. — Fr.  Mereadoria  barata, 
nubo  doe  M!ta«.— Fort  Good  cheap  is  dear,  for  it  tempts  people  to  buy 
vhat  they  need  not. 

Bare  walls  make  giddy  house-wiTes. 

i.  #.  Idle  honse-wiTes,  thev  haye  nothing  whereabout  to  busy  them- 
kItcs,  and  shew  their  good  nouse-wifenr.  We  roeak  this  in  excuse  of 
the  good  woman,  who  doth,  like  St.  raul's  wiaow,  iripikpx^oOai  tAq 
Mccac,  gsd  abroad  a  little  too  much,  or  that  is  blamed  for  not  giving 
the  entertainment  that  is  expected,  or  not  behaving  herself  as  other  ma- 
trons do.  She  hath  nothing  to  work  upon  at  home ;  she  is  disconsolate, 
and  therefore  seeketii  to  divert  herself  abroad :  she  is  inclined  to  be  vir- 
tuous, but  diaoompoeed  through  poverty.  Parallel  to  this  I  take  to  be 
that  French  proverb,  Vuidee  ehambree  font  lea  damee  foUee^  which  yet  Mr. 
Cotgrave  thus  renders,  Empty  chambers  make  women  play  the  wantons ;  ia 
a  different  sense. 

The  greatest  barken  bite  not  sorest ;  or.  Jogs  thai  bark  at  a 
distance  bite  not  at  hand. 

Cane  eki  dbbeda  non  morde, — Ital.  Chien  qui  ahbaye  ne  mordptu, — Fr. 
^2mes9  timidi  pehementiua  latrant,  Ca*^  tibi  cane  muto  et  a^ud  eiiente. 
Have  a  care  of  a  sflent  dog  and  a  still  water.  Cao  que  muHo  lodra  nunem 
4o«i  pera  eofa. — ^Port 

Sir  John  Barleycorn* a  the  strongest  knight. 

Tis  a  hard  battle  where  none  escapes. 

Be  as  it  may,  be  is  no  banning. 

Every  bean  hath  its  black. 

Vtftu  tiMno  MMd  naeeitur. — Herat,  irdetiei  copv^oXoicri  xP<t  Xo^ev 
h7*vi9au  Non  ett  alauda  tine  eriatd.  Omni  malopunieo  ineet  granum 
9^m.    Ogni  grano  halaeua  aemola.    £very  grain  hath  its  bran. — ItaL 

^11  not  the  bear's  skin  before  you  have  caught  him. 

•Mm  vender  bt  peOe  del  oreo  inntmi  ehe  eiapreeo,    Itol. 


?V  FB0TXBB8  THAT  AME 

He  must  have  iron  nails  that  scratches  a  becr^ 
A  man  may  bear  'till  his  back  breaks. 

If  people  find  him  patient,  they'll  be  sure  to  load  him. 

He'll  bear  it  away,  if  it  be  not  too  hot  or  too  heavy. 
Spoken  of  a  pilferer. 

Yon  may  beat  a  horse  'till  he  be  sad,  and  a  cow  'till  she  bt 

mad. 
All  that  are  in  bed  must  not  have  quiet  rest. 
Where  bees  are,  there  is  honey. 

Where  there  are  industriooB  persons,  there  is  wealth ;  for  the  hand  of 
the  diligent  maketh  rich.  This  we  see  verified  in  oar  neighbours  the 
Hollanders. 

A  beggar  pays  a  benefit  with  a  louse. 
>  Beggars  must  be  no  choosers. 

The  French  say,  Borrowers  must  be  no  choosers. 
Set  a  beggar  on  horse-back,  he'll  ride  to  the  devil. 

Asperiut  nihil  est  humili  eum  in  altum. — Claudian.  H  n'est  orgueH  fm 
depawcre  enriehi, — Fr.  There  is  no  pride  equal  to  the  enriched  beggai^L 
HviUan  nobHitado  non  eonosce  Uparentado, — Ital.  The  clown  ennobled 
will  not  own  his  kindred  or  parentage.  The  Spaniards  say,  MeU  mendig* 
en  tu  pqjary  y  hazersete  ha  heredero. 

Sue  a  beggar,  and  get  a  louse. 

Sete  non  tenditttr  aceipitri  negue  mikfio.    Terent.  Phorm. 
Much  ado  to  bring  beggars  to  stocks  ;  and  when  they  come 

there,  they'll  not  put  in  their  legs. 
Beggars  breed,  and  rich  men  feed. 
A  beggar  can  never  be  bankrupt. 
'Tis  one  beggar's  woe  to  see  another  by  the  door  go. 

Kal  irnaxi^C  irnax^f  ^Bovkii. — Hesiod.  Etiam  mendieus  mtndieo  vwitieL 
It  is  better  to  be  a  beggar  than  a  fool. 

J?  megHo  ester  mendieanU,  ehe  iffnortmie.     ItaL 

A  lord's  heart  and  a  beggar's  purse  agree  not. 

A  good  beginning  makes  a  good  ending. 

Jk  ban  eommeneement  bonne  Jin, — Fr.  £t  de  bonne  vie  bonne  Jin,  A  good 
life  makes  a  good  death.  Boniprineipiijinie  bonus.  The  Portugueae  say, 
A  boa  voniade  eupre  a  obra. 

Well  begun  is  half  done. 

JDimidium  faeti  qui  eapii  hahet. — ^Horat.  Which  some  make  pentameter 
by  patting  in  bene  before  c^Bpii.  Barba  bagnata  metta  raea, — ItaL  i 
beard  once  washed  is  half  shaven. 


EXTIBE  SSlTTEirOXS.  71 

Believe  well  and  have  well. 

The  belly  hath  no  ears. 

FettUr  nm  kahet  aurea.  Venire  affami  n*a  point  d'oreiOea. — Fr.  Diie- 
conne  to  or  call  upon  hungry  persons,  they  will  not  mind  you,  or  leaTe  their 
meat  to  attend.  Or,  as  Erasmus,  Ubi  d  pattu  agitur^  non  aUenduntur 
honetta  rationet.  Nothing  makes  the  vulgar  more  untraetable,  fierce,  and 
seditious,  than  scarcity  and  hunger.  Neacit  plebes  jejuna  timere.  There  is 
some  reason  the  helly  should  have  no  ears,  because  wotds  will  not  fill  it. 
Sfientre  aytmo,  no  oye  a  ninguno. — Span. 

Better  belly  bant  than  good  drink  or  meat  lost. 

Little  difference  between  a  feast  and  a  helly-fuU. 

k  helfy-ftUTs  a  belly-full,  whether  it  be  meat  or  drink. 

When  the  heUy  is  full,  the  bones  would  be  at  rest. 

The  heUy  is  not  fill'd  with  fair  words. 

Best  to  bend  while  it  is  a  twig. 

Udum  et  moUe  httum  m,  nunc  nunc  properandue  et  aerij 
Fingendus  sine  Jim  rotd.    Pers. 

Qua  prabet  lotas  arbor  spaHaniibus  umbras, 

Quoposiia  estprimum  tempore  virgafuiU 
l\mte  poterat  manibus  summd  i^re  reveUi, 

jfune  stat  in  immensum  viribus  aeta  suis.    Ovid. 
Quart  tune  formandi  mores  (inquit  Erasmus)  eum  mollis  adhue  atas ; 
Ume  optimis  assueseendum  cum  ad  quidvis  eereum  est  ingenium.  Ce  quipoulain 
prend  enjeunesse,  il  le  continue  en  vieillesae. — Fr.     The  tricks  a  colt  getteth 
St  hu  first  backing,  will  whilst  he  continueth  never  be  lacking. — Chtgr. 

They  have  need  of  a  besom  that  sweep  the  house  with  a  turf. 
The  best  ia  best  cheap. 

Lo  barato  es  earo.— Span.  For  It  doth  the  buyer  more  credit  and 
service. 

Best  is  best  cheap,  if  you  hit  not  the  nail. 
Make  the  best  of  a  bad  bargain. 
The  best  things  are  worst  to  come  by. 
Liffieiiia  qutepulehra :  x^^'^d  rd  leaXd, 

Better  untaught  than  ill  taught. 
Beware  of  Had  I  wist. 
Beware  of  him  whom  God  hath  marked. 
Do  as  you're  bidden^  and  you'll  never  bear  blame. 
Birchen  twigs  break  no  ribs. 
-^  Birds  of  a  feather  flock  together. 

like  will  to  like.  The  Greeks  and  Latins  have  many  proverbs  to  this 
jforpoie,  as  *Aui  koXoi6c  xpd;  KoXoibv  t^avci.  Semper  graeuku  assidet 
fraeub,  TkrTi%  fikv  rirriyg  ^CKoCt  fivpfiaKi  dk  fivpfia^, — ^Theocrat.  Cicada 
tieada  ekara^ /ormiea  formiea,    'Qc  dui  rbv  ofioiov  ayti  ^ebt  ufc  rbw 


72  PBOTBBBS  THAT  AUI 

tfioiop. — Homer.  Odyes.  6.  Semper  eimUem  dueii  Deut  ad  evmlem.  "Oftouie 
oiioi  ^  ^iXov,  Simile  gandet  eimili;  et'Ofioiov  bfioiov  ificrai.  SimiU 
appetit  eimile,  undo  et  *0/ioi^rifC  r^C  ^cX^riiroc  ftrirtip.  Likeness  is  the 
mother  of  lore.  JBquaiie  mmuUem  ddeetat,  Yoimg  men  delight  in  the 
company  of  the  youne,  old  of  old,  learned  men  of  learned,  wicked  of 
wicked,  mod.  fellows  of  dninkards,  &c. — ^Tully  in  Cat.  maj.  iWM  e*m 
paribus  (ut  est  m  veter$proverbio)faeiUimi  emgrtgantur. 

He's  in  great  want  of  a  bird  that  will  g^e  a  groat  for  an  owl. 
One  bird  in  the  hand  is  worth  two  in  die  bosh. 

E  meglio  aver  oggi  un  novo,  ehe  dimam  una  paUina, — ItaL  Better  have 
an  egg  to-day,  than  an  hen  to-morrow.  Mieux  vaut  un  tenet  que  deux  voia 
Taurez. — Fr.  rj)v  irttptohwav  dpuXyt^  ri  rov  ftvyovra  itmcacm — ^Thcocr. 
Pnetentem  mulgeae,  quid  Ju^ientem  insequeritf  Sriirtot  5c  rd  iroifta 
\iirmv  r'  dviroifia  SiAku, — He8ix>d.  He  that  leayes  certainty,  and  sticks 
to  chance,  when  xooIb  pipe,  he  may  dance.  The  Spaniards  say,  Mas  vale 
paxaro  en  la  mano^  que  iuytre  volando,  A  sparrow  in  hand  is  worth  more 
than  a  yulture  flying.  A  small  benefit  obtained,  is  better  than  a  great  one 
in  expectation. 

"TiB  an  ill  bird  that  bewrays  it  own  nest. 

Tbv  oiKoi  Otiaavpby  SiapdXXtiv, 

Every  bird  must  hatch  her  own  egg. 

Tlfte  hoe  intristi  omne  tibi  exedendum  est. — ^Terent  It  should  seem  thii 
Latin  proverb  is  still  in  use  among  the  Dutch.  For  Erasmus  saith  of  it. 
Qua  quidem  tententia  vel  hodie  vulgo  noetrati  in  ore  eet,  Faber  eon^edei  qua* 
fecit  ipse  gestet. — Auson. 

The   bird  that  can  sing,  and  will  not  sing,  must  be  made 

to  sing. 
Small  birds  must  have  meat. 

Children  must  be  fed,  they  cannot  be  maintained  with  cothing. 

Birth  is  much,  but  breeding  more. 

If  you  cannot  bite,  never  shew  your  teeth. 

He  that  bites  on  every  weed,  must  needs  light  on  poison. 

He  that  is  a  blab  is  a  scab. 

A  Spanish  shrug  will  sometimes  shift  off  a  lie  as  wdl  as  a  louse. 

Black  will  take  no  other  hue. 

This  dyers  find  true  by  experience.  It  may  signify,  that  vicious  persooR 
are  seldom  or  never  reclaimed.  ZaitarMm  nigr^s  nuUum  eolarem  bibunL 
— Plin.  Ub.  8.  h.  n. 

He  that  wears  black,  must  hang  a  brush  at  his  back. 
A  black  plum  is  as  sweet  as  a  white. 

The  prerogative  of  beauty  proceeds  from  fancy. 


nrriEX  sBHTxycxs.  73 

A  hkek  hen  lap  a  white  egg. 

This  is  a  French  proverb.  Noire  gilinB  pond  hkme  <Buf,  I  oonoeive  the 
neanii^  of  it  is,  that  a  black  woman  may  bear  a  fair  child. 

It  is  ill  to  drive  hlaek  hogs  in  the  dark. 

They  have  need  of  a  hlemng  who  kneel  to  a  thistle. 

Blind  men  can  judge  no  colours. 

n  ekeo  wm  gmdua  de  eolori, — ItaL  ti  rvfkf  rai  car6irrpy;  Quid 
Mto  emm  apeado  t    JSl  eUgo  maljmffora  de  eoloree, — Span. 

The  hlmd  eat  many  a  fly. 

A  mao  were  hetter  be  half  blind,  than  have  hoth  his  eyes  out. 

Mu  MJr  tuerto  que  cUgo.    Span. 
Who  so  bold  as  blind  Bayard  ? 

*KpLaBia  /ttv  dpaoogt  XoyitrfibQ  d*  Skvov  ^pii.  Ignoraiioe  breeds  eon- 
idenoe :  consideration,  slowness  and  warineM. 

^  Who  so  blind  as  he  that  will  not  see  ? 
Blow  first,  and  sip  afterwards. 

Simtd  torbere  eiJUare  diffieUe  eei. 
Blow  out  the  morrow,  and  throw  the  hone  to  the  doga. 

A  tannt  to  such  as  are  troublesome  by  blowing  their  nose. 
A  hlot  is  no  blot  unless  it  be  hit. 
Blmhing  is  virtue's  colour. 

Great  bwut  and  small  roast  make  unsavoury  mouths. 
Great  boatt,  small  roast. 

•  Grtmde  vanieun  petite  faiaetare, — Fr.  Bpt^peoc  ^ivinu  wv  Xayofc 
Briertm  eeee  apparet  eum  tit  lepue.  And  ^pcKri^s  wpb  ipytt  U  xoXXfi  card^. 
Gnndee  atoardae,  Undo  nada, — Port. 

The  nearer  the  bone,  the  sweeter  the  flesh. 

He  that  is  bom  to  be  hanged  shall  never  be  drowned. 

He  that  vras  bom  under  the  three  half-penny  planet  shall 

never  be  worth  two-pence. 
He  that  goes  a  borrowing  goes  a  sorrowing. 
He  that  borrowg  must  pay  agaia  vrith  shame  or  loss. 

Shsme,  if  he  returns  not  as  much  as  he  borrowed ;  loss,  if  more ;  and 
it  is  very  hard  to  cut  the  hair. 

The  father  to  the  bough,  and  the  son  to  the  plough. 

ThiK  saying  I  look  npon  as  too  narrow  to  be  placed  in  the  family  of 
pruTerbs ;  it  is  rather  to  be  deemed  a  role  or  maxim  in  the  tenure  of  the 
<^rel.)und,  where,  thou^^h  the  &ther  had  judgment  to  be  hanged,  yet 
there  followed  no  forfeiture  of  his  estate,  but  nis  son  might  (a  happy  man, 
•SHwding  to    Uoraoe's   description)  patema  rura  babue  exeroere  euie. 


74  PR0TSSB8  THA.T  AltB 

Though  there  be  that  expomid  this  proverb  thus,  The  father  to  the  bongV, 
I.  #.  to  hifl  sports  of  hawking  and  hunting ;  and  tiie  son  to  the  plough,  t.  c 
to  a  poor  husbandman's  condition. 

They  that  are  hound  must  obey. 
Better  to  how  than  break. 

Hvaut  mieux  pUer  que  rompre, — Fr.  E  meglio  piegar  eJte  9eaiveaar. — 
ItaL  MdKor  h$  dohrar  que  guebrar, — Port  In  opposition  to  this,  the 
Latin  proverb  says,  Meliue  frangi  quamjleetu  On  certain  occasions  it  is 
better  to  yield  than  to  persist  in  ruinous  obstinacy. 

A  how  long  bent  at  last  waxeth  weak. 

JCam  81  rompe  ee  etd  troppo  teeo. — Ital.  Areue  nimis  intenetu  rumpitw. 
Things  are  not  to  be  strainea  beyond  their  Umm  and  strength.  This  may 
be  applied  both  to  the  body  and  the  mind :  too  much  labour  and  ttudj 
weakens  and  impairs  both  the  one  and  the  other. 

Otia  oorpue  alunt,  animtu  guoque  paseitur  iUie  ; 
Immodieue  oontrd  earpU  utrumgue  labor, 

Broff'i  a  good  dog,  but  that  he  hath  lost  his  tail. 

Brag*s  a  good  dog  if  be  be  well  set  on  ;  but  be  dare  not  bite. 

Bra^B  a  good  dog,  but  Holdfast  is  a  better. 

Mueb  hran  and  little  meal. 

Muito  faOar  poueo  eaber.    Port. 

Beware  of  hreed;  i.  e,  an  ill-breed.     Chesh. 

What  is  hred  in  the  bone  will  never  out  of  the  flesh. 

Chi  rfia  per  natura  Jin  alia  fosea  dura. — Ital.  That  which  comes  nata- 
rally  continues  till  death.  Zo  que  en  la  liche  ee  mama  en  la  mortt^  m 
derrdma.—8TpasL  The  Latins  and  Greeks  have  many  proverbial  sayings  to 
this  purpose,  as  Zt^pus  pilum  mutat  non  mentem ;  The  wolf  may  change 
hiB  hair  (for  wolves  and  horses  grow  grey  with  age),  but  not  his  disposition. 
Naturam  expeUaa  fure&  licet  usque  recurret.     Horat. 

And  OvTTore  iroi^trcic  ^^^  Kapnivov  6p9d  fiaSiCtfv. — Aristoph. 
You  can  never  bring  a  crabfish  to  go  straight  forwards.  And  CvXov 
dyxvXov  hHwot'  6p96v.  Wood  that  grows  crooked  wHl  hardly  be 
straightened^  Persons  naturally  inclinoa  to  any  vioe  will  hardly  be 
reclaimed.  For  this  proverb  is  for  the  most  port  taken  in  the  worst  sense. 
The  Portuguese  say,  Quern  mas  manha,  ha,  tarde  ou  nunea  aa  pertlera. 

Let  every  man  praise  the  hrid^e  he  goes  over. 

i.  e.  Speak  not  ill  of  him  who  hath  done  you  a  courtesy,  or  whom  you 
have  made  use  of  to  your  benefit,  or  do  commonly  make  use  of. 

Bridges  were  made  for  wise  men  to  walk  over,  and  fools  to 

ride  over. 
A  hrihe  will  enter  without  knocking. 
Bring  not  a  bagpipe  to  a  man  in  trouble. 


simss  ssifTSiircBs.  75 

A  broken  sack  will  hold  no  corn. 

This  is  a  French  proTerb  Englished :  Vh  toe  ptrti  ne  peut  Unit  U  grmm : 
though  I  am  not  ignorant  that  there  are  many  common  both  to  Franoo 
and  England,  and  some  that  run  throogh  most  lanjraag^.  8aeeo  ratio  turn 
Hm  trngOo, — Ital.    Millet  being  one  of  the  least  of  grains. 

A  broken  sleeye  holdeth  the  arm  hack. 
Mach  brtUt  little  fruit. 
Who  hdU  the  cow  must  keep  the  calf. 
Mr.  Howel  aaith  that  this  is  a  law  proverb. 
»^The  burnt  child  dreads  the  fire. 

Almost  all  languages  afford  us  sayings  and  proyerbs  to  this  pnrpoee  •' 
inch  are  iraOwv  St  rt  vriviOQ  lyv<o. — -Hesiod.  *PixBkv  8i  r«  vritricQ 
lyyw. — ^Homer.  Useator  ictus  taper;  struck  by  the  scorpion  fish,  or 
pastinaca,  whose  prickles  are  esteemed  yenomous.  Can*  teoUato  da  t  aegtta 
ealda  ka  paura  poi  deUa  fredda, — Ital.  The  same  we  find  in  French ; 
(Atoi  eehmtdi  eramt  reaufrmde,  i,  e.  The  scalded  dog  fears  cold  water. 
The  Spaniards  say,  Oato  esealdado  del  aguafria  a  mipdo. 

Busy  will  have  bands. 

Persons  that  are  meddling  and  troublesome  must  be  tied  short. 

Who  more  busy  than  they  that  have  least  to  do  ? 

Far  a  gmta  deUa  eoda  del  poreo  ohs  tutto  il  giomo  $da  dimenOf  #  par  la 
9tra  non  afatto  nulla,    ItaL 

Every  man  as  his  business  lies. 

The  Italians  say,  Q/ti  fd  le  fatti  moi,  non  ^emhratta  le  mani.  He  who 
doth  his  own  business,  defileth  not  his  hands. 

Business  is  the  salt  of  life. 

All  is  not  butter  the  cow  sh — s. 

Non  i  tutto  butgro  ehefa  la  voeea,    ItaL 
What  is  a  pound  of  butter  among  a  kennel  of  hounds  ? 
They  that  have  good  store  of  butter,  may  lay  it  thick  on  their 

bread,  [or  put  some  in  their  shoes.] 

Oui  muHum  estpiperia  etiam  oleribua  immiaeet. 
That  which  will  not  be  butter,  must  be  made  into  cheese. 
They  that  have  no  other  meat. 

Bread  and  btUter  are  glad  to  eat. 
^Wno  buys,  hath  need  of  an  hundred  eyes;  who  sells,  hath 

enough  of  one. 

This  is  an  Italian  proverb.  CM  eompra  ha  bieogno  di  eenC  oechU,  eki 
nnde  n'  ha  aeeai  de  uno.  And  it  is  a  usual  saving.  Caveat  emptor;  Lot 
the  buyer  look  to  himself;  the  seller  knows  botn  the  worth  and  price  ol 
his  commodity. 

Buying  and  selling,  is  but  winning  and  losing. 


/<J  PaOVSRBS  THAT  ABS 

C. 

A  «a/r<-head  will  feast  a  hunter  and  his  hoauds. 
A  man  eon  do  no  more  than  he  can. 
Cars  not  would  have  it. 
Care  will  kill  a  cat. 

And  yet  a  cat  is  said  to  have  nine  lives.     Ourafacit  cmm$. 
Carets  no  cure. 

dtidad  nod  he  taber.    Port. 
A  pound  of  eare  will  not  pay  an  ounce  of  debt. 

Csnto  earre  di  petuieri  non  pageranno  un*  oneim  di  debito. — ^ItaL  iL «.  An 
hundred  cart-loads  of  thoughts  will  not  pay  an  ounce  of  debt  PeaadHtn" 
Wet  no  pagan  deudae, — Span. 

The  best  eart  may  overthrow. 

A  muffled  cat  is  no  good  mouser. 

GatUt  gtkmtata  non  pigUa  ma*  soriee, — Ital.  A  gloved  cat,  fto.  The 
Portnguese  say,  Goto  meador  nunea  bom  murador :  A  mewing  cat,  fto. 

That  eat  ia  out  of  kind  that  sweet  milk  will  not  lap. 

You  can  have  no  more  of  aVa^han  her  skin. 

The  cat  loves  fish,  but  she*s  loth  to  wet  her  feet. 

Or  in  rhyme,  thns ; 

Fain  wonld  the  eat  fish  eat, 
But  she's  loth  to  wet  her  feet. 

Le  chat  aime  lepoieeon^  maie  U  Wamepae  d  mettiUer  la  patte, — Fr.  Ia 
the  same  words ;  so  that  it  should  seem  we  borrowed  It  of  &e  Freneh. 

The  more  you  rub  a  cat  on  the  rump,  the  higher  she  sets  up 

her  tail. 
The  eat  sees  not  the  mouse  ever. 
Well  might  the  cat  wink  when  both  her  eyes  were  out. 
When  the  eat  winketh,  little  wots  the  mouse  what  the  cat 

thinketh. 

Though  the  eat  winks  a  while,  yet  sure  she  is  not  blind. 

How  can  the  eat  help  it,  if  the  maid  be  a  fool  ? 

This  is  an  Italian  proverb ;  Che  ne  pud  la  gaUa^  ee  la  mauara  i  matta. 
Not  setting  up  things  securely  out  of  her  reach  or  way. 

That  that  comes  of  a  cat  will  catch  mice. 

Parallel  whereto  is  that  Italian  proverb,  Chi  di  goBina  nasce  eonmen  the 
roeoU,  That  which  is  bred  of  a  hen  wiU  scrape.  Chi  da  gaUn  naeee  eorisi 
piglia, — Ital. 

^  A  cat  may  look  at  a  king. 
An  old  eat  laps  as  much  as  a  young  kitUn. 


XHTIBK  81KTSKCZ8.  77 

•  When  the  cat  U  away,  the  mice  will  play. 

Lu  raU  mpromettmt  a  t  aug,  l^ouUn'ya  point  de  chats. — Fr.  Qmoii- 
io  la  gotta  mn  i  m  easa,  t  ioriei  battano. — ItaL  Farm  los  gatot^  y  uUm' 
derm  lot  ratoa. — Span. 

V  When  candles  are  out,  all  etUs  are  grey. 

Join  is  ai  good  as  my  lady  in  the  dark.  Avvys  dp^vro^  waoa  ywf^ 
9  ovr^.    De  nocho  todot  lot  gatot  ton  pardot.     Span. 

The  oat  knows  whose  lips  she  licks. 

Btm  tahe  o  goto  etffat  barbat  lambt. — ^Port  The  Fortnriieae  alao  say, 
Btm  tabeo  demo  qvtfragalho  rompe.   Seit bent  venator  cerviy  uoi  retio  tendat. 

Cry  yoa  mercy,  kill'd  my  eat. 

This  is  rooken  to  them  who  do  one  a  shrewd  torn,  and  then  make  satis- 
iaetioii  witn  asking  pardon,  or  crying  mercy. 

By  biting  and  scratching,  eats  and  dogs  come  together ;  or. 
Biting  and  scratching  gets  the  cat  with  kitlin. 

f. «.  Men  and  maid-servants,  that  wrangle  and  quarrel  most  one  with  the 
sflier,  are  often  ohaerrvd  to  marry  together. 

I'll  keep  no  more  eats  than  will  catch  mice  ? 

i,  e.  No  more  in  fiunily  than  will  earn  their  living.    Somenet, 

Who  shall  hang  the  bell  about  the  eafs  neck. 

Appiear  ehi  vuoF  il  tonaalio  aUa  gotta  t — Ital.  The  mice,  at  a  eonsnlta- 
tion  held  how  to  secure  themselyes  from  the  cat,  resolved  upon  hanging  a 
bdl  about  her  neck,  to  give  warning  when  she  was  near ;  but  when  this 
was  reaoWed,  they  were  as  far  to  seek ;  for  who  would  do  it  ?  This  may  be 
nrcastically  apphed  to  those  who  prescribe  impossible  or  impracticable 
means  for  the  effecting  any  thing. 

He  that  leaves  eertainty,  and  sticks  to  chance. 

When  fools  pipe,  he  may  dance. 

They  may  sit  in  the  ehair  that  have  malt  to  sell. 

It  tkaneeth  in  an  hoar  that  comes  not  in  seven  years. 

Pbtt  emmfati  valet  hora  benignly 

Qtiam  ti  tt  venerit  oommendet  epittola  Marti.    Horat . 

Every  man  is  thought  to  have  some  lucky  hour,  wherein  he  hath  an  op- 
portanity|fipBd  him  of  being  happy  all  his  life,  could  he  but  discern  it, 
and  emhrflrthe  occasion.  Accaaca  in  un  punto  quel  ehe  non  aeeaeea  in 
cento  anni. — ItaL  It  fdls  out  in  an  instant  which  falls  not  out  in  a  hun- 
dred years.    Donde  no  ttpienta^  talta  la  liebre. — Span. 

There  is  chance  in  the  cock's  spur. 

Change  of  pasture  makes  fat  calves. 

Chanty  begins  at  home. 

Self-love  is  the  measure  of  our  love  to  our  neighbour.    Many  sentences 
•oeor  in  the  ancient  Greek  and  Latin  poets  to  this  purpose ;  as,  Omnet  tibt 


'8  PAOYERBS  THAT   ARJE 


e»9$  nuUuni  qudm  aUeri. — Terent.  Andr.  Proxtmus  turn  9gWMt  mM. 
•^Ibid.  ^iXei  ^  iavrS  fidXXov  ovdiig  n^iva^  &c.  v,  Erasm.  Adag.  ^m 
kmno  ate  et  tuai,  epoi  a  gU  dUriu  tupuoi. — ^Ital.     Miauf  ao^urr^v  &crr/c 

When  good  chem'  is  lacking,  our  friends  will  be  packing. 
El  pan  eomido,  la  compania  desheeha.    Span. 

Those  that  eat  cherries  with  great  persons,  shall  have  their  eyes 

sprinted  out  with  the  stones. 

Ncn  k  buon  mangiar  eireggis  eo*  tignori.    ItaL 

Chickens  feed  capons. 

t.  tf.  As  I  understand  it,  chickens  come  to  be  capons,  and  capons  were 
int  chickens. 

"Tis  a  wise  child  knows  his  own  father. 

Ov  yap  Ttirt/Q  iov  yovov  dviyvut.     Homer.  Odyss. 

Child's  pig,  but  fathers  bacon. 

Parents  usunlly  toll  their  children,  This  pig  or  this  lamb  is  thine ;  bnt 
when  they  come  to  be  grown  up,  and  sola,  parents  themselves  take  the 
money  for  them. 

A  chiles  bird,  and  a  boy's  wife,  are  well  used.     Somer, 

Charrc-folks  are  never  paid. 

That  is,  giTe  fhem  what  you  wUl,  they  are  never  contented. 

When  the  chUd  is  christened,  you  may  have  godfathers  enough. 

When  a  man's  need  is  supplied,  or  his  occasion  over,  people  are  ready  to 
offer  their  assistance  or  semce. 

Children  and  fools  speak  the  truth. 

The  Dutch  proTerb  hath  it  thus :  Tou  are  not  to  expect  truth  from  any 
one  but  children,  or  persons  drunk  or  mad.  In  vino  veriUu,  we  know. 
£nfan8  etfola  aoiu  devm$,     Fr. 

Children  and'  fools  have  merry  lives.  * 

For,  out  of  ignorance,  or  forgetmlness  and  inadvertency,  they  are  not 
concerned  either  for  what  is  past,  or  for  what  is  to  come.  Neither  the  remem- 
brance of  the  one,  nor  fear  of  the  other,  troubles  them,  btlt  only  the  sense 
of  present  pain.  Nothing  sticks  upon  them :  they  lay  nothing  to  heart. 
Hence  it  hath  been  said.  Nihil  scire  eat  vita  jucundiasima  ;  to  which  tluit  of 
Eoolesiastes  gives  some  countenance :  He  that  increaseUi  knowledge,  iu- 
oreaseth  sorrow. 

Children  suck  the  mother  when  they  are  young,  and  the 

father  when  they  are  old. 
So  we  have  the  chink,  we*ll  bear  the  stink.  . 

Lueri  htnu  eet  odor  ex  re  qualibet. — Juvenal.  This  was  the  emperor 
Vespasian's  answer  to  those  who  complained  of  his  laying  gabels  on  uriiM^ 
and  other  sordid  things. 

After  Christmas  comes  Lent. 


EKTIBE   8EBT£NC£S.  79 

"Hie  ehurth  is  not  so  large  but  the  priest  may  say  service  in  it. 

The  nearer  the  church  the  farther  (torn  God. 

This  is  a  French  proyerb :  Frea  de  FeglUo  loin  de  Lieu, 

ChurehrWovV  goes  on  slowly. 

Let  the  church  stand  in  the  church-yard. 

Where  God  hath  his  church,  the  devil  will  have  his  diapel. 

y<m  n  tosto  si  fa  im  Um^  d  Dio  come  U  diavolo  eifahrica  una  capeUo' 
9ppmso, — ItaL    Jktrat  de  la  eruz  etia  el  diablo. — Span. 

Pater-noater  built  churches,  and  our  father  pulls  them  down. 

I  do  not  lcM>k  upon  the  bnildin?  of  churches  as  an  argument  of  the  ^od- 
lies  of  the  Roman  religion ;  for  when  men  have  once  entertained  an  opinion 
of  expiating  sin,  and  meriting  heaven,  by  such  works,  they  will  be  forward 
onoQ^h  to  ^\e  not  only  the  fruit  of  their  land,  but  even  of  their  body,  for 
the  sm  of  their  soul :  and  it  is  easier  to  part  with  one's  goods  than  one's  sins. 

Claw  a  churl  by  the  breech,  and  he  will  sh —  in  your  fist. 

Penons  of  a  servile  temper  or  education  have  no  sense  of  honour,  and 
must  be  dealt  with  accordingly. 

Ungentem  pungity  pungentem  rustieua  ungit. 

Which  sentence  both  the  French  and  Italians,  in  their  languages,  have 
msde  a  proverb.  Oignez  villain  qt^il  vous  poindra. — Fr.  &c.  Insomuch, 
that  one  would  be  apt,  with  Aristotle,  to  think,  that  there,  are  aervi  naturd. 

The  greatest  clerks  are  not  always  the  wisest  men. 

For  prudence  is  gained  more  by  practice  and  conversation  than  by  study 
Old  contemplation. 

'Tis  the  clerk  makes  the  justice. 
Hasty  climbers  have  sudden  falls. 

Those  that  rise  suddenly,  from  a  mean  condition  to  great  estate  or  dig- 
oity,  do  often  fall  more  suddenly,  as  I  might  instance  in  many  court- 
^Toarites :  and  there  is  reason  for  it,  because  such  a  speedy  advancement 
is  apt  to  beget  pride,  and  consequently  folly,  in  tliem,  and  envy  in  others* 
which  most  needs  precipitate  them.  Sudden  changes  to  extraordinary  good 
or  bad  fortune,  are  apt  to  turn  mens'  brains.  A  coder  va  ehi  trqppo  aUo  aaU, 
—ItaL    NacenJU  ddae  a  la  hormiga,  para  que  ee  pierda  mas  ayna. — Span. 

The  clock  goes  as  it  pleases  the  clerk. 

Can  jack-an-apes  be  merry  when  his  clog  is  at  his  heels  ? 

Close  sits  my  shirt,  but  closer  my  skin. 

That  is,  I  love  my  friends  well,  but  myself  better :  None  so  dear  to  me 
u  I  am  to  myself.  Or,  My  body  is  dearer  to  me  than  my  goods.  Fku 
prei  ett  la  chair  que  la  c/iemiae. — Fr. 

A  close  mouth  catcheth  no  flies. 

People  must  speak  and  solicit  for  themselves,  or  tbey  are  not  like  to  ob- 
tain preferment.    Nothing  carries  it  like  to  boldness  and  importuuvtc^ 


so  PU0TEBB8  THAT   AUB 

yea,  impudent  hogging.  Men  will  giye  to  soch  m  defmdnym^  to  srui! 
their  tronble,  who  would  hare  no  consideration  of  the  modest,  though 
nerer  so  much  needing  or  well  deserving.  Bocoa  trinciata  motea  non  d 
#M<ria. — ItaL  Bn  bocca  cerrada  no  entra  moscef — Span.  The  French 
aay,  A  gou^  e/ndarmi  rien  ne  tombe  en  U  geuU. 

*Ti8  A  bad  cloth  indeed  that  will  take  nu  colour. 

CatHva  i  gueUa  lana  ehe  non  ti  puo  tingen.    Ita. 

Cloudy  morningB  turn  to  clear  eveningB. 
Non  n  mali  mate  et  olim  m  erit. 

Better  see  a  clout  than  a  hole  out. 
They  that  can  cobble  and  clout^ 

Shall  have  work  when  others  go  witLuat. 
7!he  Spaniards  say,  QiiMn  Hen»  arfa,  vu,  ^or  toda  pdrte. 

Glowing  coals  sparkle  oft. 

When  the  mind  iA  heated  with  any  passion,  it  will  often  break  cut  in  words 
and  expressions.    PsiJm  xxxix.  1. 

You  must  cut  your  coat  according  to  your  cloth. 

Noi/aociamo  la  ipese  tecondo  Tentrata. — Ital.  We  most  spend  aooordiKg 
to  our  income.  S^on  U  pain  U  font  le  couttau. — Fr.  According  to  the 
bread  must  be  the  knife ;  end  Fol  est  qui  phu  deepend  que  »a  rente  ne 
vaut, — Fr.  He  is  a  fool  that  spends  more  money  than  his  receij^ts. 
Sumptue  ceneum  n^  superet. — Fuint.  Poen.  Af^sfe  tenus  projnid  vtve. 
—Pets. 

Every  cock  is  proud  on  his  own  dunghill. 

Gallue  in  auo  tterquiUnio  plurimum  potest. — Senec.  inlndicro.  (Jada 
gaUo  canta  en  su  muladar. — Span.  The  French  say,  Ckien  sur  sam  Ju- 
mier  est  hardi :  A  dog  is  stent  on  his  own  dunghill. 

Let  him  that  is  cold  blow  the  coal. 
In  the  coldest  flint  there  is  hot  fire. 
Cold  of  complexion,  good  of  condition. 
A  ragged  colt  may  make  a  good  horse. 

An  unhappy  boy  may  make  a  good  man.    It  is  used  sometimes  to  sig- 

hity,  that  children  which  seem  less  handsome  when  young,  do  afterwards 

grow  into  shape  and  comeliness :  as,  on  the  contrary,  we  say,  Feir  in  the 

-uradle,  and  lonl  in  the  saddle :  and  the  Scots,  A  kindly  aver  will  never 

make  a  good  horse. 

Comet  but  come  stooping. 

Fien  ma  vien  goUbiK  That  iii|  come  well  loadul^  and  yon  shall  be 
welcome. 

Company  makes  cuckolds* 


BNTUtE  8XKTXHCEB.  81 

Ctmeeiied  goods  are  quickly  spent. 
M  muebU  sm  rtttz^pretto  te  b  giMra  ia  eervii.    Span. 

Con/esf,  and  be  hanged. 

A  generoas  confession  disarms  slander. 

An  eTil  conscience  breaks  many  a  man's  neck. 

A  clear  conscience  is  a  sure  card. 

He*8  an  ill  cook  that  cannot  lick  his  own  fingers. 

Oeimyouverm  hien  mal  le  miti qui  rim  tasU  ft  8ta  &igU  n*m  hcki. — Fr. 
He  is  aa  ill  keeper  of  honey  who  tastes  it  not. 

God  sends  meat,  and  the  devil  sends  cooks. 
Salt  cooAs  bear  blame,  but  fresh  bear  shame. 
Com  and  horn  go  together. 
t.  e.    For  prices :  when  com  b  cheap,  cattle  are  not  dear ;  and  vice  ff&rta. 

Much  com  lies  under  the  straw  that  is  not  seen. 

More  cost,  more  worship. 

rU  not  diange  a  cottage  in  possession  for  a  kingdom  in 

reversion. 

Some  saj,  A  little  in  <me's  own  pocket,  is  better  than  mnch  in  another 
nttn^s  pnne. 

All  covet,  all  lose. 

Cocetousness  brings  nothing  home. 

Qm  Umi  eomwU  toutperd. — Fr.  And,  Qki  trop  empoigne  rien  fCutrainU 
He  that  grasps  at  too  much,  holds  fiist  nothing.  The  fable  of  the  dog  is 
known,  who,  catching  at  the  appearance  in  the  water  of  the  shoulder  of 
DQtton  he  had  in  his  month,  let  it  drop  in,  and  lost  it  Chi  tutto  Mraeeis 
India  Uringa, — Ital. 

A  cough  will  stick  longer  by  a  horse  than  half  a  peck  of  oats. 
Good  counsel  never  comes  too  late. 
For,  if  good,  it  must  suit  the  time  when  it  is  given. 

v'  Count  not  your  chickens  before  they  be  hatched. 
AmU  vidorutm  ne  eanat  triumphum. 

Ton  most  go  into  the  country  to  hear  what  news  at  London. 

So  many  countries  so  many  customs. 
Ttmt  de  gm§  tani  de  ffuitet,    Fr. 

A  man  must  go  old  to  the  courts  and  young  to  a  cloister, 

that  would  go  from  thence  to  heaven. 
A  friend  in  court  is  worth  a  penny  in  a  man's  purse. 

BanfttU  awnr  ami  tn  eour,  car  U  proeSs  m  wi  ph$»  court, — Fr.  A  friend 
ia  comt  makes  the  process  short. 

Far  from  court,  far  from  care. 

Fall  of  courtesy,  full  of  craft. 

Sincere  and  true-hearted  persons  are  least  given  to  compliment  and 
eerancaj.    It  ii  suspicions  he  hath  some  design  upon  me,  who  courts  and 

a 


82  PBOTBSBS  THAT  ABS 

flatten  me.  Chi  te  fa  piu  earezza  eke  non  vuole,  o  ingantufto  fha,  o  mffmmaf 
u  tuole. — Ital.  He  that  makes  more  of  you  than  you  desire  or  expeet, 
either  he  hath  cozened  you,  or  intends  to  do  it 

Leas  of  your  courtesy,  mid  more  of  your  pane. 
£e  €pUulaf9dum  non  verbit. 

Call  me  covWit,  but  cozen  me  not. 

Curs' d  eow9  have  short  horns. 

Dot  Deiu  wmtiti  eomua  eurta  bovi, 

ProTideuce  so  dispoeoa,  that  they  who  have  the  will,  want  the  power  or 
means  to  hurt. 

Who  would  keep  a  cow,  when  he  may  have  a  pottle  of  milk 

for  a  penny  7 
Many  a  good  caw  hath  but  a  bad  calf. 

*AvSf»<av  Jipfficav  riKva  ir^fiara,  SeraumJUii  noxii,  Uavpoi  yap  rot 
iraiitQ  5f(ocoi  irarpl  iriXovrai'  oc  irXfiovfC  rartov^,  iravpoi  H  re  warpoQ 
dpfiov^. — Sinner,  Odysi.  e.  iElius  Spartianus,  in  the  life  of  Sererus,  shews, 
by  many  examples,  tlmt  men  famous  for  learning,  Tirtue,  valour,  or  succeas, 
haye,  for  the  most  part,  either  left  behind  them  no  children,  or  auch  as 
that  it  had  been  more  for  Uieir  honour,  and  the  interest  of  hunuoi  affairs, 
that  they  had  died  childless.  We  might  add  unto  those  which  be  pro- 
duceth,  many  instances  out  of  our  own  histoiy.  So  Edward  the  First,  a 
wise  and  Tahant  prince,  left  us  Edward  the  Second :  Edward  the  Black 
I^ce,  Bichaxd  tne  Second :  Henry  the  Fifth,  a  valiant  and  sucoesbfiil 
king,  Henry  the  Sixth,  a  very  unfortunate  prince,  though  oUierwise  agood 
num.  And  yet  there  want  not  in  history  instances  to  the  contrary ;  ns 
among  the  h  reneb,  Charles  Martel,  Pepin,  and  Charlemagne,  in  continual 
succession  ;  so  Joseph  Scaliger,  the  son,  was,  in  point  of  scholarship,  uo 
whit  inferior  to  Julius  the  £ther.    Fortes  ereantur  fortUme  et  bonis,  ^e. 

A  collier's  cow  and  an  alewife's  sow  are  always  well  fed. 

Others  say,  A  poor  man's  cow,  and  then  the  reason  is  evident;  why  a 
collier's  is  not  so  dear. 

Where  coin*s  not  common^  commons  must  be  scant. 

Much  coin,  much  care. 

Creteentem  sequUttr  eura  peeuniam,    Herat. 

The  greatest  crabs  are  not  always  the  best  meat. 

Great  and  good  are  not  always  the  same  thing ;  though  our  langoage 
often  makes  them  B>'nonymou8  terms,  as  when  we  caU  a  great  way  a  good 
way,  and  a  great  deal  a  good  deal,  &c.,  in  which  and  the  like  phraies,  good 
signifies  somewhat  less  Sian  great,  viz.  of  a  middle  size  or  indlffereuc 
Bonus,  also,  in  Latin,  is  sometimes  used  in  the  same  sense  as  iq  that  ol 
Persius,  Sat.  2,  JBona  pars  proeerum.  Les  grands  homfs  ne  font  pas  les 
grandes  joumies. — Fr.    The  greatest  oxen  rid  not  most  work. 

Crabs  breed  babs  by  the  help  of  good  lads. 

Country  wenches,  when  they  are  with  child,  usually  long  for  crabs  -.  oi 
cn^  m»y  signify  scolds. 


ZNTIKE   BXKTXKCB8.  8? 

Cradle  straws  are  scarce  out  of  his  breech . 

Cast  not  thy  cradle  over  thy  head. 

There's  a  craft  iu  daubing ;  or,  Thero  is  more  ^t/t  in  daubing 

than  throwing  dirt  on  the  wail. 

There  is  a  myiteiy  in  the  meanest  trade. 
No  man  is  his  era/fs  master  the  first  day. 

2funmo  naace  maettro,    Ital. 

Ton  muBt  learn  to  creep  before  you  go. 

Soon  crooks  the  tree  that  good  gambrel  would  be. 

A  gambrel  is  a  crooked  piece  of  wood,  on  which  butchers  han^  np  tho 
carcases  of  beasts  by  the  legs,  from  the  Italian  word  gamha,  signiiying 
a  leg.  Parallel  to  this  is  that  other  proverb,  It  earlj  pricks  that  will  he 
a  thorn.    Adeo  d  tenerit  aameseere  multum  ett, 

A  crooked  tree  will  have  a  crooked  shadow. 

Each  ero99  hath  its  inscription.    Chaeun  parte  sa  croix. — Fr. 

Crosses  and  afflictions  come  not  hy  chance ;  they  spring  not  out  of  the 
earth,  but  are  laid  upon  men  for  some  just  reason.  Divines  truly  say,  that 
many  times  we  may  reLd  the  sin  in  the  punishment. 

No  erase,  no  crown. 

'Tia  killing  a  crow  with  an  empty  sling. 

The  crow  thinks  her  own  bird  fairest. 

AMmttB  aainoy  nu  ampukher,  et  $uum  emque  puiehmm.  So  the  Ethio- 
pians are  said  to  paint  fiie  devil  white.  Every  one  is  partial  to  and  well- 
oonoeited  of  his  own  art,  his  own  compositions,  his  own  children,  his  own 
eoimtry,  Sec.  Self-love  is  a  mote  in  cTery  one's  eye ;  it  influences,  hiasses, 
and  hfinds  the  judgments  even  of  the  most  modest  and  perspicacious. 
Hence  it  is  (as  Aristotle  well  ohserves)  that  men  for  the  most  p^  love  to 
be  flattered. — £hetor,  2.  And  A  torn  oiseaux  kur  nida  tont  beaux. — Fr. 
£very  bird  likes  its  own  nest.  A  ogni  ffroffa  pawn*  belli  i  euoi  groUatini, — 
ItaL 

A  crow  is  never  the  whiter  for  washing  herself  often. 

No  carrion  will  kill  a  crow. 

Cunning  is  no  burden. 

It  ii  part  of  Bias's  goods ;  it  will  not  hinder  a  man's  flight  when  tho 
enemies  are  at  hand. 

Many  things  fall  between  the  cup  and  the  lip. 

MvUa  caehmt  mUr  calieem  supremague  lahra, 
UoKXA  furaK^  wiXii  kvXiko^  Kai  xc&(oc  a  povm    Citaniur  ab  A.  GelHo. 
De  la  mam  d  la  bouehe  sep&rd  tou/vmt  la  soti^. — Fr.     Between  the  hand 
and  the  month  the  broth  is  many  times  shed.    Entre  la  bouehe  et  eueUlm 
vient  tmtveiU  grand  deetourbier. — Fr. 

What  cannot  be  cured  must  be  endured. 
LmmJUpatimtia  qtUeguid  eorrigere  eU  nefas.    Herat.  Od. 


84  PB0TXBB8  THAT  ASM 

A  curs' d  eur  must  be  tied  short. 
A  miehant  ehimj  court  Ken.    Fr. 

A  bad  custom  is  like  a  good  cake,  better  broken  than  kept. 

A  la  mala  cottumbre  quebrark  la  pMma.<~-SpUL  Break  the  lef|  of  ati  tU 
habit    I.  e.  Use  liolence  to  correct  it. 

Custom  is  another  nature. 
Mudar  eottumbre  a  par  de  muerU,    Span. 

Cut  off  the  head  and  tail,  and  throw  the  rest  away. 
Desperate  cuts  must  have  desperate  cures. 

D. 

He  that  will  not  be  ruled  by  his  own  dame^  must  be  ruled  bj 

his  step-dame. 

He  dances  well  to  whom  Fortune  pipes. 

Aatai  ben  baUa  a  ehi  Farttma  tuona, — Ital.  The  French  hare  a  proverb : 
Mieux  vaut  une  once  de  fortune  qjii  une  Uvre  de  eoffeeae.  Better  is  an  ounce 
of  good  fortune  than  a  pound  of  g[ood  forecast. 

They  lore  dancing  well  that  dance  among  thorns. 

When  you  go  to  dance,  take  heed  whom  you  take  by  the  band. 

It  is  as  good  to  be  in  the  dark  as  without  light. 

One  may  see  day  at  a  little  hole. 

The  better  day  the  better  deed. 
A  honjour  bon  cBuvre. — Fr.    J)teenda  bonA  eunt  bona  verba  die. 

He  never  broke  his  hour  that  kept  his  day. 
To-^ay  a  man,  to>morrow  a  mouse. 
Moffffi  injiffura,  ditnan  in  eepoUura.    Ital. 

To^ay  me,  to-morrow  thee. 
At^/ourtFhui  rot,  demain  rien.    Fr. 

The  longest  day  must  have  an  end. 

77  n'eei  ti  grand  Jour  qui  ne  vienne  a  veepre. — Fr.  Non  vien  di,  cAe 
nam  venga  eera. — Ital. 

Be  the  day  never  so  long,  at  length  cometh  evensong. 
'Tis  day  still  while  the  sun  shines. 
Speak  well  of  the  dead. 

Mortuie  non  comviekmdum,  et  de  mortuit  nil  niti  bomm.  Namgue  cum 
morhti  non  mordent,  iniquum  est  ui  mordeantur. 

A  dead  mouse  feels  no  cold. 

He  that  waits  for  dead  men*s  shoes,  may  go  long  enough 

barefoot. 

J  tongue  eorde  tire  qui  ctautrui  mort  desire. — Fr.  He  hath  but  a  cold 
snitwho  longs  for  another  man's  death./Za/Aa*,  He  draws  a  long  cord  who,  &c. 

I  Fter  death  the  doctor. 
This  if  a  French  proTerb  -.  Aprea  la  mort  le  medeein ;  parallrl  to  thaj 


iimss  sxHTBircxB.  86 


mdent  Grsek  one,  Mtrd  irdXf^ov  ^  ovft/iax^'  ^^^  beUum 
We  find  it  in  Quintiliiui's  Declun.  Cadaverid.  patti ;  with  another  of  the 
like  import ;  Qiud  quod  medteina  mortttorum  Mera  est  t  Quid  quod  nemo 
cqumm  aifimdU  m  eineree  /  After  a  man's  house  is  humt  to  ashes,  it  is 
too  late  to  pour  on  water. 

Who  giives  away  his  goods  before  he  is  elead. 

Take  a  beetle  and  knock  him  on  the  head. 

Cki  dona  U  euo  mami  morire  ii  f*  tqipttreechia  aeeoi  patbre. — ItaL  Ha 
thai  givas  awaj  his  goods  before  death,  prepares  himself  to  scuffer. 

He  that  could  know  what  would  be  dear. 

Need  be  a  merchant  bat  one  year. 

Such  a  merchant  was  the  philosopher  Thales,  of  whom  it  is  reported, 
that,  to  make  proof  that  it  was  in  the  power  of  a  philosopher  to  be  rich 
if  he  pleased,  ne,  foreseeing  a  future  dearth  of  olires  the  year  follcwing, 
bought  up,  at  easy  rates,  all  that  kind  of  fruit  then  in  mens'  hands. 

Oat  of  debt,  oat  of  danger. 
'Evjai  ftMv  6  /tif^iv  6^caXiiiv.    Happy  he  that  owes  nothing. 

Defend  me  and  spend  me  (saith  the  Irish  churl), 
lliere'a  d^erence  between  staring  and  stark  blind,  [or  mad.] 
This  prorerb  may  haye  a  double  sense.  If  you  read  it  stark  mad,  it 
Bgnifiea,  that  we  ought  to  distinffuish,  and  not  presently  pronounce  him 
stark  mad  that  stares  a  little,  or  him  a  rank  fool  who  is  a  little  impertinent 
sometimes,  ftc.  If  you  read  it  stark  blind,  then  it  hath  the  same  sense 
with  that  of  Horace, 

Eet  mter  Tanaim  medium  eoeerimtgue  VUeBi  : 

and  is  a  reprehension  to  those  who  put  no  difference  between  extremes,  as 
perfect  blindness  and  Lynceus's  sight 

Diliffenee  is  the  mother  of  good  fortane. 
La  diUgenma  i  madre  deUa  bwma  sorte.    ItaL 

He  that  would  eat  a  good  dinner,  let  him  eat  a  good  breakfast. 
Dinners  cannot  be  long  where  dainties  want. 
He  that  saveth  his  dinner,  will  have  the  more  for  his  supper. 
This  a  French  nroTerb :  Qm  garde  eon  diner  U  a  mieux  h  eouper.  He 
that  spares  when  ne  is  young,  may  the  better  spend  when  he  is  old.  Mat 
eoepe  qm  tout  dine.    He  sups  ill  who  eats  aU  at  dinner. 

An  ounce  of  discretion  is  worth  a  pound  of  wit. 

The  French  say,  an  ounce  of  good  fortune,  &c.  eiXw  rvx^c  maXarii^v 
n  ^vQv  wi^ov. — ^Nasanz.     Sutiajbrtuna  pra  doUo  etqtienH^e, 

I  will  not  make  my  dish-elout  my  table-cloth. 

'Tis  a  sin  to  belie  me  devil, 

Giye  the  devil  his  due. 

Ue  that  takes  the  deM  into  his  boat,  must  carry  him  over  tlie 

sound. 
He  that  hath  shipped  the  detoil,  must  make  the  best  of  him. 


S6  FB0VERB8  THAT  ABS 

Seldom  lies  the  devil  dead  in  a  ditch. 

We  are  not  to  trust  the  deril  or  his  children,  though  they  leeni  acror 
BO  gentle  or  harmless,  without  all  power  or  will  to  hurt.  The  ancients, 
m  a  proTerbial  hyperbole,  said  of  a  woman,  MuUeri  ne  eredaa  ne  mortum 
fwidem  ;  because  you  might  have  food  reason  to  suspect  that  ahe  feigned* 
we  may  with  more  reason  say  the  Bke  of  the  devil,  and  diaboli<»l  persons, 
when  they  seem  most  mortined.  Perchance  this  proTerb  may  allude  to 
the  fable  of  the  fox,  which  escaped  by  feifnij^  himself  dead.  I  know 
no  phrase  more  frequent  in  the  mouths  of  the  French  and  Italians  than 
this,  The  devil  is  dead ;  to  signify  that  a  difficulty  is  almost  conquered,  a 
journey  ahnoat  finished,  or,  as  we  say,  The  neck  of  the  business  is  hroken. 

Talk  of  the  devil,  and  he'll  either  come  or  send. 
As  good  eat  the  devil,  as  the  broth  he  is  boiled  in. 
The  devil  rebukes  sin. 

Ciodiui  accuaat  morcAos.    Jliamm  ntetUeua  ^ne  uheriim  semiei. 

The  deviFs  child,  the  devil's  luck. 

He  must  needs  go  whom  the  devil  drives. 

He  hath  need  of  a  long  spoon  that  eats  with  the  devil. 

The  devil  sh — s  upon  a  great  heap. 

The  devil  is  good  when  he  is  pleased. 

The  devil  is  never  nearer  than  when  we  are  talking  of  him. 

The  deviPe  meal  is  half  hran. 
La/arine  du  diable  rCeat  que  bran^  or  ien  tw  moitie  en  brtm.    Fr. 

What  is  gotten  over  the  deviTe  back  is  spent  under  his  helly. 

MaU  porta  nuUi  diiabuntur.  What  is  got  by  oppression  or  extortion, 
IS  many  times  spent  in  riot  and  luxury.  Quel  ehe  vien  di  r%ffa  e  r^ffa  m 
nevden  haffa, — Ital.   Ce  que  le  ganielet  gavfue,  le  gorgerin  ie  mange. — Fr. 

A  disease  known,  is  half  cured. 

Every  dog  hath  his  day,  and  every  man  his  hour. 

All  the  dogs  follow  the  salt  hitch. 

Love  me,  love  my  dog. 

Qui  aime  Jean  attne  son  chien, — Fr.  Speue  volte  si  ka  rigfetto  al  cane 
per  U  padrone. 

He  that  would  hang  his  dog,  gives  out  first,  that  he  is  mad. 

Quaen  a  supAro  guiere  motor,  rabia  le  ka  de  levantar, — Span.     Ho 
that  is  about  to  do  any  thing  disingenuous,  unworthy,  or  of  evil  tame,  first 
bethinks  himself  of  some  plausible  pretence. 
The  hindmost  dog  may  catch  the  hare. 
He  that  keeps  another  man's  dog,  shall  have  nothing  left  him 

but  the  line. 

This  is  a  Greek  proverb :  "Oc  Kvva  rpifn  (Ivov  robrt^  fiovov  Wuo^ 
fiivii.  The  meanmg  is,  that  he  who  bestows  a  benefit  upon  an  ungrateful 
nenon,  loses  his  cost.  For  if  a  dog  break  loose,  he  presently  gets  hnu 
noiiM  in  his  former  master,  leaving  the  cord  he  was  tied  with. 


SHTIB£  buttsncxs.  87 

What!  keep  a  dog^  and  bark  myself  T 

That  iiy  must  I  keep  serrantg,  and  oo  my  work  myself? 
There  are  more  ways  to  kill  a  dog  tnan  hanging. 

Han^  a  dog  on  a  crab  tree  and  he'll  never  love  yerjoice. 

This  is  a  fatdicroiis  and  nugatory  saying ;  for  a  dog  once  han^ed^  is  past 
loyine  or  hating.    Bat  generally  men  and  beasts  shun  those  things  by  or 
for  which  they  haye  smarted.    '£v  o7c  av  A^vx^'V  avBpuiicoQ  r^rocc 
ToifTouQ  ^mrra  xXif^taCwy  q^f rat.   An^hU  m  Ampehargo  tqmd  Stokaum. 
Bt  mea  cymba  temel  viutd  ptrcu$9a  jnvceiUl 
Ilhtm  fuo  kBBo  BMt,  horrei  adire  locum.     Oyid. 
Dogs  bark  before  they  bite. 
*Tis  an  ill  dog  that  deserves  not  a  cmst. 

Difma  eamMpabtUo.    *Alia  ii  Kvtmf  tov  ppw/iaro^,    Bnu.  e*  Smde. 
A  good  dog  deserves  a  good  bone. 
Tis  an  ill  dog  that  is  not  worth  the  whistling. 
Better  to  have  a  dog  fawn  on  you  than  bite  yon. 
He  that  lies  down  with  dogs,  must  rise  up  with  fleaa. 

Cki  am  coma  dorme  eon  puke  ri  leva. — ItaL     Qui  ee  eouehe  avec  lee 
ekiemi  ee  leoe  atee  deepucee. — Fr.     Quien  eon  perroe  se  eeka,  eon  pulgoe 


Give  a  child  till  he  craves,  and  a  dog  while  his  tail  doth  wag, 

and  you'll  have  a  fair  dog,  but  a  foul  knave. 
The  dog  that  licks  ashes  trust  not  with  meal. 

The  Italians  say  this  of  a  cat ;  Gatto  ehe  lecea  centre  nonfidarfarina» 

Into  the  mouth  of  a  bad  dog  often  falls  a  good  bone. 
SouMtmi  a  mauvaii  ehitn  tombe  un  ban  ot  en  guehie*     Fr. 

Hungry  dogs  will  eat  dirty  puddings. 

Jijunme  raro  Mtomackua  yulgaria  tenmit.  A  la  fahn  il  n*y  a  point  de 
mnuoMM  pain. — ^Fr.  To  him  who  is  hungry,  any  bread  seems  good,  or 
none  comes  amiss.     V  atmo  cki  ha  fame  mangia  dC  ogni  Mtrame.—ltaX. 

*Tis  an  easy  thing  to  find  a  staff  to  beat  a  dog;  or,  a  stone  to 
throw  at  a  dog. 

Qui  ueui  baiire  eon  ebien  trouve  astee  de  batont.  Fr.  Malrfaeere 
^  wuU  nuaptam  non  eaueam  hwenit. — Pub.  Minus.  He  who  hath  a 
mind  to  do  me  a  mischief,  will  easily  find  some  pretence.  Miicpa  xpo^avcc 
1^1  TOV  irpa^ac  cacwc.  To  do  eyil,  a  slight  pretence  or  occasion  will  serve 
men^  tnrns.    A  petite  achoiaon  le  hup  prend  le  mouton,    Fr. 

Do  well,  and  have  well. 

hruffe  ia  good  enough  for  svnne. 

He  that's  down,  down  vnth  him. 

I  have  sweetest  water. 
Puieus  ai  hmuiatur  meUor  evadit,  ^piara  ain-Xo^fttva  jUiXriw  yc>irai. 
m  epiai.  ad  EuataeMum  madiewn.    AH  thiags,  especiaUy  mens' 


Hg  FBOTBBB8  THAT  ABB 

parts,  are  improTed  and  adraneed  bj  nae  and  ezerciae.  Standing  ivat«ti 
are  apt  to  oorrapt  and  pntrify :  weapons  laid  up,  and  diaoaed,  do  contraat 
rust :  nay,  the  Tery  air,  if  not  a^ntated  and  broken  with  the  wind,  is  thought 
to  be  unhealthAil  and  pestilentiai,  especially  in  this  ovr  natiTe  eoontry,  of 
which  it  is  said,  JnffKa  ventota,  n  mm  remtata  mmimm. 

Golden  dreams  make  men  awake  hungry. 
After  a  dream  of  a  wedding  comes  a  corpse.. 
Draffe  waa  his  errand,  bnt  drink  he  wonid  hare. 
^  A  drowning  man  will  catch  at  a  straw. 
Drunken  folks  seldom  take  harm. 

This  is  so  far  frmn  being  tme,  that,  on  the  contrary,  of  my  own  obser- 
ration,  I  oonld  give  dlTers  instances  ol  snch  as  liaTe  leosiTed  tery  mnch 
harm  when  dmnk. 

Ever  drunk^  ever  dry. 
Parihi  qmphu  bibmU  edphu  eithmi, 

A  dnmken  night  makes  a  cloudy  morning. 
What  soberness  conceals  drw^senneM  rereals. 

Qmodett m  corde  tobrii  est  more  ehrH,  To kv  KapBla  rw  v^vroc  iri 
Trie  yXwrriic  'tvri  rov  fiOovovroQ. — Plntarch.  irepi  &8o\i9xiac-  Enwnns 
cites  to  this  purpose  a  sentence  ont  of  Herodotus :  'Otvov  carioiroc  ifri- 
irXf ovtfiv  iTti ;  when  wine  sinks,  words  swim.  And  Fliny  hath  an  elegant 
saying  to  this  pnrpose ;  Vmum  uegue  aded  mentie  areanaprodit,  ut  morti- 
fera  etiam  inter  pocula  hquantur  hommet,  et  ni  per  Juguhtm  q[uidem 
rediturae  voeet  eontmeant.    Quid  turn  ebrietat  deeignat  t  operta  redudit. 

He  that  kills  a  man  when  he  is  drunk,  must  be  hanged  when 

he  is  sober. 

The  ducks  fare  well  in  the  Thames. 

Dumb  folks  get  no  hmds. 

This  is  a  panllel  to  that,  Spare  to  speak,  and  spare  to  speed;  and  thai 
former,  A  close  mouth  catcheui  no  flies. 

B. 

Early  up,  and  never  the  nearer, 
i-  JSarlff  sow,  early  mow. 

It  earhf  pricks  that  will  be  a  thorn. 
Soon  crooks  the  tree  that  good  gambrel  would  be. 

t^  The  earhf  bird  catcheth  the  worm. 

A  penny-worth  of  ease  is  worth  a  penny. 

It  IS  easy  to  bowl  down  hill. 

It  is  easier  to  poll  down  than  build. 

The  longer  east,  the  shorter  west. 
^  You  can't  eat  your  cake,  and  have  your  cake. 

romsMt  mmngiar  laforeaeeia  t  trewar  la  m  tasetu    ItaL 

EUing  and  drinking  takes  away  one's  stomach. 


BKTIBE   SEirT£5CS8.  99 

&i  mMuftmii  ftfpHH  M  perd.  To  wUch  the  FreMh  hare  aaotha 
Memisgly  eontrBrj ;  En  man^eant  Pappeiit  vient  /  parallel  to  that  of  oon, 
One  ahoiuder  of  mutton  driyes  down  another.  The  Spaniarda  say.  Comer 
f  r^Mcmr  todo  et  emperor :  To  eat,  and  to  scratch,  a  man  need  hut  hegin. 

He  that  will  e(U  the  kernel  must  crack  the  nut. 

Qm  i  mtee  fmeleum  eue  tuli,  nucem  Jrangit, ^Vlemt  Cnrc  1.  L  55. 
No  gains  withoat  pains.   Ilfaui  eaner  la  nois  pour  manffer  le  noymtu — Fr. 

He  has  two  stomachs  to  eai^  and  one  to  work. 

The  SpaniBids  say,  Al  kazer  temblor  y  tU  comer  sudor.  To  quake  at 
domg,  and  sweat  at  eating. 

Madam  Pamel,  crack  the  nut,  and  eat  the  kernel. 
Eaien  bread  is  forgotten. 
'Ha  very  hard  to  shave  an  effa. 
Where  nothing  is,  nothing  can  he  had. 

An  e^ff  will  be  in  three  bellies  in  twenty-four  hours. 
Better  half  an  ega  than  an  empty  shell. 
Better  half  a  loaifthan  no  bread. 

Dl  winff  makes  ill  begging. 

£nl  penons,  by  enticing  and  flattery,  draw  on  others  to  be  aa  had  ai 
themselTes. 

All  ele$  [or  helps]  as  the  geni-wren  said  when  she  pissed  iu  tike 


Many  littles  make  a  mickle;  the  whole  ocean  is  made  up  of  drops. 
Goutte  a  ffoutte  on  rempUt  la  ea^e.—Fi,  And  Gouiie  a  goutte  la  mer 
mar  iegoute.    Drop  by  drop  the  sea  is  drained. 

^sMify  Tessels  make  the  greatest  sound. 

llie  scripture  saith,  A  fool's  Toice  is  known  hy  multitude  of  words. 
Kone  more  apt  to  boast  than  those  who  haye  least  real  worth;  least 
vhereof  justly  to  boast    The  deepest  streams  flow  with  least  noise. 

Bmpty  hands  no  hawks  allure. 

\  Better  an  tfmpiy  house  than  a  bad  tenant. 

A  right  Mifflukman  knows  not  when  a  thing  is  well. 

Whoso  hath  but  a  mouth»   shall  ne'er  iu  England  suffer 

droughth.     Fl  mpra. 

for  if  he  doth  but  open  it,  it  is  a  chance  but  it  will  rain  in.  True  it  is, 
«e  leldom  suffer  for  want  of  rain :  and  if  there  be  any  fault  in  the  temper 
ofoor  air,  itia  its  oyer-moistness,  which  inclines  us  to  the  sdury  and 
consomptiona;  diseases  the  one  scarce  known,  the  other  but  rare,  in  notter 
eoimtriea. 

Bvery  thing  hath  an  md^  and  a  pudding  hath  two* 
All's  well  that  ends  well. 
EjtUua  aetaprobat. 

There's  never  enough  where  nought  leaves. 


90  FB0TXKB8  THA^T  ABI 

Thu  IB  an  Italian  proverb :  Non  H  ^  d  boMtanza  «e  maUe  wtantm 
It  is  hard  so  to  cat  the  hair,  aa  that  there  should  be  no  want,  and  nothing 
to  spare. 

Enofigh  is  as  good  as  a  feast. 
Anee  y  a,  ti  trap  n'y  a.     Fr. 

Better  be  envied  than  pitied. 

This  is  a  saying  in  most  hmguages,  although  it  hath  a  little  of  the  nature 
of  a  proTerb  in  it.  ^BovittrOai  xpi^ffov  *^tv  ri  oucrtlfitaBai. — Herodot 
in  Thalia.  'AXV  ^fitaq  Kpiiooov  nfv  otcrip/i^v  ^ovoq. — ^Pindar.  Piic 
toito  mvidia  che  compaasUme. — Ital. 

Essex  stiles,  Kentish  miles,  and  Norfolk  wiles,  many  men 

beguiles. 

For  stiles,  Essex  may  well  vie  with  any  county  of  Eneland,  it  being 
wholly  divided  into  small  closes,  and  not  one  common  field,  that  I  know 
of,  in  the  whole  county.  Length  of  miles  I  know  not  what  reason  Kent 
hath  to  pretend;  for,  generally  speaking,  the  farther  from  London,  the 
longer  tne  miles ;  but  for  cunning  in  the  law,  and  wrangling,  Norfolk 
men  are  justly  noted.  The  curious  may  see  a  farther  illustration  of  this 
proverb  in  Grose's  Provincial  Glossary. 

Evening  orts  are  good  morning  fodder. 
The  evening  crowns  the  day. 

(M  hel  morire^  tutta  la  vita  Aoiiora.   A  fair  death  crowneth  the  whole  life. 

Dicique  htatus 
Ante  obitttm  nemo  npremaquefimera  debet,    Ovid. 
Bxitua  acta  probat,     Alftmr  del  gioeo^  si  vede  eke  ha  guadofmato.     At 
the  end  of  the  game  is  seen  who  is  the  winner. 

Every  man  has  his  hobby-horse. 
Every  one  hath  his  £Euling ;  a  fiivourite  pursuit 

Of  two  evUSf  the  least  is  to  be  chosen. 
This  reason  the  philosopher  rendered,  why  he  chose  a  little  wife. 

He  sucked  evil  from  the  dug. 
Exchange  is  no  robbery. 
A  bad  excuse  is  better  than  none  at  all. 
Experience  is  the  mistress  of  fools. 

Baperientia  stnUorwn  magittra.  Wise  men  learn  by  others'  harms, 
fools  by  their  own,  like  Epimetheus,  8c  if^'ti  icaKdv  Ixf  voif^c.  The  Span- 
iards say,  La  etperieneia  et  madre  de  la  eieneia. 

The  ^0  is  a  shrew. 

What  the  ege  sees  not,  the  heart  rues  not. 

Le  cmwr  ne  veut  dmJoir  ee  que  VmU  ne  pevU  veoir. — Fr.  Qkw  que  no 
veen,  eorafon  no  quebrantan.---8^^.  Therefore,  it  is  not  good  to  peep 
and  pry  into  every  comer,  to  be  too  inquisitive  into  what  our  senrants  ^r 
relations  do  or  say,  lest  we  create  ourselves  unnecessary  trouble. 

Better  ege  oat,  than  always  aking,  [or  watching.] 


XMTIBS  8JBJSITANCX8.  91 

He  that  winketh  vith  one  ey»^  and  seeth  with  the  other,  I 
would  not  troBt  him  though  he  were  my  hrother. 
Tlus  ii  only  a  phyBiognomical  obeenration. 

He  that  has  but  one  eye,  sees  the  better  for  it. 
Better  than  he  would  do  without  it :  a  ridiculous  saying. 

F. 
Face  to  face,  the  truth  comes  out. 
Famt  heart  never  won  a  fair  lady. 

'AXX'  01  ydp  &9v^ovvrtc  ^v^p<C  ovirort  rp6irmov  lorii9avro.  Suitkt  ear 
BKpoUdM^  Tkmidi  nunquam  Miatuere  tmpaum,  Le  eouard  n*mira  betU 
ume.— Fr.  For,  JudenieefifrhmajuvaL  A  loa  aeadoe  mjfuda  la  fartuna. 
— Span. 

FaM  praise  is  disparagement. 

Fair  feathers  make  fair  fowls. 

Fair  dothes,  ornaments,  and  dresses,  set  off  persons,  and  make  them 
appear  handsome,  which,  if  stripped  of  them,  would  seem  hut  plainly  and 
homely.  God  makes,  and  apparel  shanes.  /  pamd  rjfkmio  le  eianghe, 
9e9ti  una  eoknma  tpur  ima  donaia. — ^ItaL 

Fair  and  softly  goes  far  in  a  day. 

Paa  d  poi  on  va  bien  fot'n. — Fr.  CAi  va  piano  va  tano  h  anehe  Umtano. 
— ItaL  He  that  goes  sofUy,  ^oes  sure,  and  also  far.  He  that  spurs  on 
too  ftst  at  fint  setting  out,  tires  before  he  comes  to  his  journey's  end. 
Peotma  lemti. 

Fair  in  the  cradle,  and  foul  in  the  saddle. 
A  fair  face  is  half  a  portion. 
Pndse  a/air  day  at  night. 

Or  dse  you  may  repent ;  for  many  times  clear  mornings  turn  to  cloudy 
erenings.  La  vita  UJIne  #7  di  loda  la  tera.  The  end  commends  the  life» 
and  the  erenxng  the  day. 

The  faireet  silk  is  soonest  stained. 

This  may  be  applied  to  women.  The  handsomest  women  are  soonest 
eoiTupted,  oecause  they  are  most  tempted.  It  may  also  be  applied  to  good 
natures,  which  are  most  easily  drawn  away  by  CTil  company. 

Men  speak  of  the/atr  as  things  went  with  them  there. 
If  a  man  once  fall,  all  will  tread  on  him. 

D^feeia  arbort  quioit  Ugna  eolligit.  Vulgut  tegtUitir  forttmam  §t  odit 
iamiaioe. — JuTon.  When  the  tree  is  follen,  eyery  man  goeth  to  it  with 
hii  hatchet — Fr. 

There' nfahehood  in  fellowship. 

Common  fam^ 8  seldom  to  blame. 

A  general  report  is  rarely  without  some  ground.  No  smoke  without 
some  fire,  ^iifu  i*  snc  trdfitrav  airoXXvrai  ^vriva  woXXoi  Amoi  ^i|/ii- 
(ovffi,  Of6c  vtf  ric  *3orri  koI  aifrri. — Hesiod. 

Too  mneh  familiarttff  breeds  contempt. 


92  PBOYXBBB  THAT  ABE 

NimiafamiUaniaa  eomtemptum  parii.  B  Mbua  qptimia  re^mt  tm  pm- 
tmuBorhmiurf  i  veritmie  odium,  i /amUunritaie  eotUen^tui,  ifilieiimt* 
invidia,    Plutarch. 

Fancy  passes  beanty. 

Fancy  may  bolt  bran,  and  think  it  flour. 

You  can't /artf  well,  but  you  must  cry  roast-meat. 

SoMe  btmnefarim  toiu  trwi^  ni  hueine. — Fr.  Bolt  thy  fine  meal, 
snd  eat  good  paste,  without  report  or  trumpet's  hlast  'Oc  A^wyrcc  fft^ir  ^ 
rrlvowi.    Thej  thieit  are  thirsty,  drink  silsBtly. 

Si  eorvui  taemuet  kaberet 
Phu  dipit  et  rixm  muitd  mtyuit  hnridimque.    Horat. 

Far  fetch' d,  and  dear  bought,  is  good  for  ladies. 
Vaehe  de  hin  a  lait  attez.    Fr. 

Far  folks  fare  well,  and  fair  children  die. 

People  are  apt  to  hoaat  of  the  good  and  wealthy  condition  of  their  tkr- 
aS  friends,  and  to  commend  their  dead  children. 

The  farthest  way  about  is  the  nearest  way  home. 

What  is  gained  in  the  shoiiness  may  be  lost  in  the  goodnesi  of  the  way. 
C^H^endia  plerumgue  ttmt  diipemdia, 

Tis  good  fartinff  before  one's  own  fire. 
A  man /or  from  his  good,  is  near  his  harm. 

Qui  eit  hin  dm  platntprea  de  ton  dommmffe,    Fr. 
As  good  to  be  out  of  the  world  as  out  of  the  fashion. 
Fat  drops  fall  from  fat  flesh. 
Fat  paunches  make  lean  pates. 

Some  say,  Full  bellies  make  empty  skulls. 

Fat  sorrow  is  better  than  lean  sorrow. 

Better  haye  a  rich  husband,  and  a  sorrowful  life,  than  a  poor  husbaad, 
and  a  sorrowAil  life  with  him ;  spoken  to  encourage  a  maid  to  marr}-  a 
rich  man,  though  ill  conditioned. 

Little  knows  the  fat  sow  what  the  lean  one  means. 

Where  nofauU  is,  there  needs  no  pardon. 

A  fault  once  denied,  is  twice  committed. 

Every  man  hath  h\B  faults;  or.  He  is  lifeless  that  is  faultless. 

Ut  vita*  UMNO  tine  fuueUur.     Qmsgue  tuotpatinntr  matuu 
They  thstfeal  [t.  0,  hide]  can  find. 
•Tis  good  to  fear  the  worst,  the  best  will  save  iteelf. 
Ho  feast  to  a  miser's. 

n  n*e9i  boMijuet  que  d'homtne  chiche,    Fr. 

little  difference  between  a  feast  and  a  belly-full. 
Better  come  at  the  latter  end  of  h  feast  than  tlie  beginning  of 
a  fray 


SHTIRK  8INTS9CS8.  n 

Kfeeut  is  not  made  of  mushrooms  only. 

Featiing  makes  no  friendship. 

FeiUng  hath  no  fellow. 

No /mtff  against  a  flail.     Ill  fortune. 

Some  erils  and  calsmities  amiilt  m>  nolently,  that  there  is  no  i:tuting 
or  bearing  them  off. 

No  man  loves  his  fetters,  though  of  gold. 

Next  to  health,  and  necessary  food,  no  good  in  this  world  more  desirable 
than  liberty. 

Fielde  hare  eyes,  and  woods  have  ears. 

BoiB  omt  oreiliee,  §t  chanma  (silletM. — Fr.  Some  hear  and  see  him  whuu 
he  hearsth  and  seeth  not ;  ror  fields  hare  eyes,  and  woods  haye  ears,  ye 
woL — Hefwood, 

The  finest  lawn  soonest  stains. 
The  finest  shoe  often  hurts  the  foot. 
y  There  is  no^r^  without  some  smoke. 

Nmlfeu  eant/wm^. — Fr.     Dondefu/go  ae  haze  hmmo  sale, — Spaa. 

•  Ftre  and  water  are  good  servants,  hut  had  masters. 
Furst  come,  first  served. 
Qm  premier  arrive  au  numUti,  premier  doit  mouidre,    Fr. 

'Tis  iHl  fishing  before  the  net.     One  would  rather  think  after  the 

net. 
^0  fishing  to  fishing  in  the  sea. 

Ufait  beaupeeeker  en  eau  large. — Fr.  'Tis  good  fishing  ir  large  water. 

Fishes  are  cast  away  that  are  cast  into  dry  ponds. 
*Tis  good^Atn^  in  troubled  waters. 

//  «>  a  peecMe  qu*en  eau  traubU.'-Vr.  In  troubled  waters ;  that  is,  in 
s  time  of  public  calamit j,  when  all  things  are  in  confusion. 

Fresh  ^A,  and  new-come  guests,  smell  by  that  they  are  three 

days  old. 

Lhoete  et  le  poisewi  paeee  treie  joure  puent. — Fr.  Piecie  nequam  eti 
wui  reeene. — Pbut.  Ordinary  friends  are  welcome  at  first,  but  we  sooir 
grow  weary  of  tiiem. 

Fish  are  not  to  be  caught  by  a  bird-call. 
The  best^A  swim  near  the  bottom. 
Still  he^A^A  that  catcheth  one. 
Toujoure  peeeke  qui  enprend  un.    Fr. 

ynienfiatt&rers  meet,  the  devil  goes  to  dinner. 

Where  every  hand^^^^^^M,  the  sheep  goes  naked. 

AU^wA  is  not  venison. 
Iiiis  is  a  French  proverb.     Toute  ehaire  n^eti  pot  vtnaieon. 

Flesh  stands  never  so  high,  but  a  dog  will  venture  his  Ug^. 


94  PEOYXUBS  THAT  ASX 

kflow  will  have  ao  ebb. 

'^0 flying  without  wings;  or.  He  would  faiu^y,  bat  he  wauts 

feathers. 

Smt  petmit  9olare  haud  faeile  est. — ^Plaut  in  Poanulo.  Nothing  a 
moment  can  be  done  without  neoessaiy  helps,  or  oonTenient  means.  J^m 
tipuo  volar  amui  ale, — ItaL 

How  can  the  foal  amble,  when  the  horse  and  mare  trot  7 
Follow  the  riyer,  and  you'll  get  to  the  sea. 
Folly  is  the  product  of  all  countries. 

Olipazti  erucmo  terua  inaffiarli,    ItaL 

^  A  fool  and  his  money  are  soon  parted. 
No  fool  like  the  old  fool. 
Every  man  hath  tifool  in  his  sleeve. 
Fools  will  be  meddling. 
A  fool  may  ask  more  questions  in  an  hour,  than  a  wise  man 

can  answer  in  seven  years. 
A  fool  may  put  somewhat  in  a  wise  body's  head. 
AfooVi  bolt  is  soon  shot. 
Defoljuge  breve  eeiUenee,^¥T,    A  foolish  judge  passes  a  quick  sentence. 

As  the  fool  thinks,  so  the  bell  tinks,  or  clinks. 
Fook  set  stools  for  wise  folks  to  stumble  at. 
Fools  build  houses,  and  wise  men  buy  them. 
Fools  make  feasts,  and  wise  men  eat  them. 

Zefolefrnt  la  fete  et  lea  aagee  le  mangent. — Ft.  The  same  almost  word 
for  word.  So  in  the  Spanish,  Loe  loeoe  haten  loe  banquetee,  y  lot  saiios  lot 
cot/ten. 

Fools  lade  water,  and  wise  men  catch  the  fi^h. 

y'  The  fool  will  not  part  with  his  bauble  for  the  Tower  of  London. 

If  eyevjfool  should  wear  a  bauble,  fuel  would  be  dear 

^t  toue  leefole portoimU  le  marrotte,  on  ne eeait  de  queiboieon  ieehaufferoit. 
—Ft. 

Send  Kfool  to  the  market,  and  a  fool  he  will  return  again. 

The  Italians  say,  Chi  beetia  va  d  .Roma  bestia  retoma.  He  that  goes  a 
beast  to  Rome,  returns  thence  a  beast  Change  of  places  changes  not 
men's  minds  or  manners.    Ccelum  turn  animum  muUuU  qm  trane  mare  eurrtmt. 

Fortune  favours  ybo/if ;  or,  Fools  hav*  the  best  luck. 

Fortuna  facet  fatma,  'Tis  but  equal,  nature  having  not,  that  fortuno 
should  do  so. 

/'  AfooVs  tongue  is  long  enough  to  cut  his  own  throat. 

'Tis  good  to  go  on  foot  when  a  man  hath  a  horse  in  his  hand. 

A  faiee  marched  jned  qui  mens  ton  eheval  par  la  bride.    Fr. 

Forbearance  is  no  acquittance. 


ZNTIBB   SEKTBKCEtil.  95 

In  the  forehead  and  the  eyei  tlie  lecture  of  the  mind  doth 
lie. 

VftUitt  index  tmimi. 

^  ^Q  forget  a  wrong  is  the  best  revenge. 

LtUe  M^uTM  U  retnedio  e  lo  seordarsi, — Ital.    Infirm  est  mUmieanffwqm 
volinpUu  uUm. — JuTenal. 

*TiB  not  good  praising  afard  'till  a  man  be  over. 
Fore-warned,  fore-armed.    Framoniiutf  preemunituM. 

Fareeast  is  better  than  work-hard. 

Every  one's  faults  are  not  written  in  ihtvc  foreheads. 

The /or  preys  farthest  from  his  hole. 
To  tToid  Buspicion.    Crafty  thieves  steal  far  from  home. 

The/u?  never  fares  better  than  when  he  is  bann'd,  [or  cnrs'd.] 

I^tpuliu  me  aiMat  at  mihiplaudo 

Jpee  domi,  quotiea  nummoa  contemphr  in  area.     Horat. 

'Tis  an  ill  sign  to  see  a /ox  lick  a  lamb. 

When  the  fox  preaches,  beware  of  your  geese. 

The  French  say,  Ze  renardpreehe  auxpoulea;  when  an  artfuJ  person  is 
deluding  &e  ignorant  by  his  harangues. 

Fire,  auoth  ihefoXf  when  he  pissed  on  the  ice.     He  Mtc  it 
imoted,  and  thought  there  would  he  fire  ere  long. 
This  is  spoken  in  derision  to  those  which  have  great  expectation  from 

some  fond  assign  or  undertaking,  which  is  not  likely  to  succeed. 

Fie  upon  hens  (quoth  the  fox,)  because  he  could  not  reach 

them. 

Aisi  dixo  la  zorra  a  laa  uvas,  no  pudicndo  las  alcamar  que  no  eetavan  »m» 
dtave. — Span. 

•  The  fox  knows  much,  but  more  he  that  catcheth  him. 

Muito  »abe  a  zqpaea,  mat  mais  quern  a  toma. — Port.  The  Spaniards  say, 
Miteko  eabia  el  eomudo  pero  maa  quien  se  he  pueo.  The  cuckold  was  cun- 
ning ;  but  he  was  more  cunning  that  cuckolded  him.  This  is  applicable  to 
a  man  who  has  a  great  conceit  of  himself,  but  is  outwitted  or  over-reached 
by  another. 
Every  fox  must  pay  his  own  skin  to  the  flayer.    . 

2\Ute  le  volpi  ei  truovano  in  pellieeria. — Ital.  Enjin  lee  renarde  ee  Uottvent 
ekes  tepeOetier. — Fr.  The  crafty  are  at  length  surprised.  Thieves  most 
commonly  come  to  the  gallows  at  last. 

Kfox  should  not  be  of  the  jury  at  a  goose  trial. 
What's yrtfW"  than  a  gift? 

He  is  my  frtend  that  grindeth  at  my  mill. 

That  shews  me  real  kindnesa.    The  Italians  say,  Cokii  i  U  mic  wid  eht 
vmk  U  bene  nUo, 
/  k  friend  in  need  is  a  friend  indeed. 

The  6pa£iards  say,  Mae  vale  buen  amigo  que  pariente  primo^ 


go  PBOYEBBB  THAT  ASM 

Prove  ihjjrimd  ere  thou  have  need. 
w^All  are  not  friends  that  Bpeak  ub  fair. 
He*8  a  good  frtmd  that  apeaks  well  of  ub  behind  our  backs. 
No  longer  foster,  no  longer  ^tim<^. 
Si  pan  erniido  la  am^hia  dtthteha.    Span. 

As  a  man  is  friended,  bo  the  law  is  ended. 

Where  shall  a  man  have  a  worse  friend  than  he  brings  from 

home  ?   Somerset. 
Friends  may  meet,  but  moontains  never  greet. 

JfofM  cum  monte  non  nUte&Mur :  pares  cum  paribus.  Two  hauffhtj  per* 
sons  will  ^dom  agree  together.  Deux  hammes  ee  reneontrenthim^  mats 
Jamais  deux  montagnes. — Fr. 

Many  kinsfolk,  few  friends. 

One's  kindred  are  not  always  to  be  accounted  one's  friends,  though  is 
our  language  they  be  synonymous  terms.  There  is  a  £riend  tiiat  sticketb 
closer  than  a  brother. 

Ood  send  me  sl  friend  that  may  tell  me  my  faults  :  if  not,  an 

enemy,  and  to  be  sure  he  will. 
One  Otod,  no  more ;  hnt  friends  good  store. 
*£iC  Ococ  Kal  ^iXoc  xoXXol.     Unus  Jkus,  sedpUtres  amiei paraiudi. 

Wherever  you  see  jovlt  friend,  trust  yourself. 

A.  friend  is  never  known  till  one  have  need. 
Amicus  certus  in  re  incerta  ecmitur.    Cic.  ex  Ennio. 
Scilicet  utfulvum  spedatur  in  ipnibus  aurum^ 
Tempore  sic  dure  est  inspicienda  Jtdes.     Ovid. 
'AvSphc  icacwc  irgdeoovro^  UitoSmv  ^i\oi,  Friends  stand  afar  off  wheo 
a  man  is  in  adyersity. 

Here's  to  our  friends,  and  hang  op  the  rest  of  our  kindred. 

Friendship  is  not  to  be  bought  at  a  fair. 

Friendship  consists  not  in  saying.  What's  the  best  news  ? 

What  was  good  the^uw  never  loved  f 

When  the^tar'«  beaten,  then  comes  James. 

Mcrd  rdv  ir6X<>iov  ^  avft/iaxia.  Sic  est  ad  pugnes  partes  re  peradd 
veniendum. 

The /rtor  preached  against  stealing,  when  he  had  a  pudding 

in  his  sleeve. 

Ilfrate  predieavaj  che  non  si  dovesse  robbare,  e  tui  haveva  Voccha  mm  «m- 
vulario, — Ital.    The  same  with  the  English,  only  goose  instead  o( pudding, 

^lo  fright  a  bird  is  not  the  way  to  catch  her. 

Qui  veut  prendre  un  oiseau  qu*il  ne  ajhrouche. — Fr.  The  same  with  tli« 
English. 

The^o^  cannot  out  of  her  bog. 

FYost  and  fraud  both  end  in  foul. 
A  saying  ordinary  in  the  mouth  of  Sir  Thomas  Egerton,  Lord  ChaneeUoT. 


EirrifiS  8BKTS5CEt.  97 

IhigaUty  is  an  estate. 

Take  Kwaj/uel,  take  away  flame. 

fiemove  the  tale-bearer,  and  contention  oeaaeth.  Sim  Otnn  €i  LUtrQ 
fri^  Vtnm. 

G. 

TorcH  a  palled  horse  on  the  back,  and  he'll  kick,  [or  wince.] 

JfoM  pariate  di  eorda  m  eaaa  deOe  appieato,    ItaL 

Try  your  skill  in  gaU  first,  and  then  in  gold. 

In  eart  periculmm^  subandi/o^.  CarM  oUm  notoH  trntt,  qu6dprimi  viiam 
wureede  loeabtmt,  Thej  were  the  first  mercenary  soldiers.  Practice  new 
and  donhtfol  experiments  in  cheap  commodities,  or  upon  things  of  small  Talue. 

Every  gap  hath  its  bush. 

You  may  gt^  long  enough  ere  a  bird  fall  into  your  mouth. 

He  that  gapeth  until  he  be  fed,  well  may  he  gape  until  he  be 

dead. 
CeUfoU§d9h^eimtr$unf<mr,    Fr. 

No  gaping  against  an  oven. 
Make  not  a  gauntlet  of  a  hedged  gloTe. 
Whafs  a  gentleman  but  his  pleasure  ? 
GentUity  without  ability  is  worse  than  plain  beggary. 
A  gentleman  without  living  is  like  a  pudding  without  suet 
Gentry  sent  to  market  will  not  buy  one  bushel  of  com. 
Geeie  with  geese,  and  women  with  women. 
Giff gaffe  was  a  good  man,  but  he'  is  soon  weary. 
Gifgafi  is  one  good  tnm  for  another. 

Giff  gaffe  makes  good  fellowship. 
Look  not  Kgift  horse  in  the  mouth. 

It  seems  this  was  a  Latin  proverb  in  Hierom's  time :  Erasmus  anotes  it 
out  of  his  preface  to  his  Commentaries  on  the  Epistle  to  the  Epnesians: 
KoU  {tut  vttfyare  $»t  prwerbium)  tgui  dente$  intpieere  donatu  A  eaval  do^ 
Mto  non  gwirdar  m  boeca. — ItaL  A  eheval  donnd  U  ne  /out  pas  regarder 
Mur  detU: — Fr.    It  is  also  in  other  modem  languages. 

There's  not  so  bad  a  OiU  but  there's  as  bad  a  Will. 
Giving  much  to  the  poor  doth  increase  a  man's  store. 

Aeeoxding  to  the  Scriptures,  He  who  giveth  to  the  poor,  lendeth  to  the 
Locd. 

Gke  a  thing  and  take  a  thing,  &c. 

Or,  Qi^e  a  thing  and  take  again, ' 
And  you  shall  ride  in  hell's  wain. 

Plato  mentions  this  as  a  child's  proverb  in  his  time ;  TJv  6p0 Jc  ^oBivruw 
ifaiptmcoifK  'p^rl]  which  with  us  also  continues  a  proverb  among  chil* 
dren  to  this  day. 

H 


98  PBOTEBBB  THAT  ASS 

Better  fill  a  glutiorCa  belly  than  his  eye. 

Le$  ffiux  p'.iu  granda  qtte  k  panee, — Fr.  riu  iatte  m*  mMU  Q  vmrt9€  dk 
Toeehio, — Ital. 

A  belly  full  of  gluttony  will  never  study  willingly. 

t.  tf.  The  old  proTerbial  Terse, 

Impktm  vmUr  mm  tntlt  wtudere  libmUr, 

Man  doth  what  he  can,  and  Ood  what  he  will. 
When  God  wills,  all  winds  bring  rain. 

J)eu»  undeeunquejuvat  modo  propitius, — Eras.  La  ou  Dim  vetU  il  pitta. 
— Fr.    When  God  pleases,  the  most  unlikely  things  turn  to  our  adrantage. 

God  sends  com,  and  the  devil  mars  the  sack. 
God  sends  cold  after  clothes. 

After  clothes,  i.  e,  according  to  the  people's  clothes.  Dieudoruu  U/roid 
MiUn  Udrap, — Fr.  Diot  da  ^frio,  conforme  a  la  ropa. — Span.  God  gives 
every  man  what  he  is  able  to  bear. 

God  is  where  he  was. 
Spoken  to  encounge  people  in  any  distress. 

Not  €hd  above  gets  all  men*s  love. 

*Ovik  y&p  6  ZetfQ  oSO*  Cmv  irdvraQ  dvSdvti  ovr'  dvix**'^'    Theogn. 

God  knows  well  which  are  the  best  pilgrims. 
A  quien  Dias  qui^e  bien  la  easa  1$  sabe.     Span. 

God  reaches  us  good  things  with  our  own  hands. 

What  God  will,  no  frost  can  kill. 

Tell  me  with  whom  thou  goest,  and  I'll  tell  thee  what  thou 

doest. 

La  mala  eompagnia  i  gueOa  ehe  mena  hmomini  a  lafitrea, — Ital.  Diteme 
earn  quern  andaSf  dirte  hei  que  numhaa  has. — Port. 

Gold  ^oes  in  at  any  gate,  except  Heaven's. 

Philip,  Alexander's  iather,  was  reported  to  say,  that  he  did  not  doubt 
to  take  any  castle  or  citadel,  let  the  ascent  be  neyer  so  steep  and  difficult, 
if  he  could  but  drive  up  an  ass  laden  with  gold  to  the  gate.     Monoyt  fait 

All  is  not  gold  that  glisters. 

Tout  oe  qui  btii  tttetpae  or. — ^Fr.    Non  i  oro  tuUo  quel  ehe  luee, — It 
Fironti  nulla  Jldet. — Juven.    Ifo  es  todo  oro  lo  que  rduee, — Span. 

A  man  may  buy  gold  too  dear. 
Golden  dreams  make  men  awake  hungry. 
Though  good  be  good,  yet  better  is  better,  or  better  carries  it. 
That's  my  good  that  does  me  good. 
Never  good  that  mind  their  belly  so  much. 
Some  good  things  I  do  not  love ;  a  good  long  mile,  good  small 
beer,  and  a  good  old  woman. 


XHTuas  SEKTSiroBa.  99 

Good  enough  is  never  ought. 

6eod  cheap  b  dear  at  the  long  ran. 

A  pood  man  can  no  more  harm  than  a  sheep. 

Good  paymasters  need  no  surety. 

Ill-gotten  ffooda  seldom  prosper. 

^kla  robba  di  mat  aequUta  tun  te  ne  vede  oUtffrttta.^-lttL  And,  Vtm 
frt$to  nmtmmato  f  inffimtammUe  aequUtato,  De  mal  i  vemt  tagneau  «t  d 
vioi  retotamt  le  peau, — Fr.  To  naught  it  goes  that  came  from  naught. 
Kaca  xipBta  la'  ar^ctv.  Mala  Utcra  aquaUa  damnit,  MaH  porta  maU 
iHabmUw  :  and,  J)e  mali  quatiiis  vix  gauM  Urtim  hares. — JuTen. 

So  ffot,  ao  gone. 
A  padre  ptmador,  hijo  detpendedor.    Span. 

That  that's  good  sauce  for  a  gooM,  is  good  for  a  gander. 
This  is  a  woman's  proverb. 

There's  meat  in  a  goos^M  eye. 
As  deep  drinketh  theyooM  as  the  gander. 
GooM^  and  gander,  and  gosling,  are  three  sounds,  but  one  thing. 
A  goihawh  beats  not  at  a  bunting. 
AquSa  non  et^muaoas, 

Grace  will  last,  favour  will  blast. 

Gratp  no  more  than  thy  hand  will  hold. 

While  the  grass  grows  the  steed  starves. 
(heal  non  morire,  ehe  herba  de  venire,    ItaL 

Grass  grows  not  upon  the  highway. 
A  great  lord  is  a  bad  neighbour. 
Vhs  grmtde  rmere  est  un  mauvaia  voiein.     Ft, 

Great  marks  are  soonest  hit. 
^  Great  ships  require  deep  waters. 
Great  braggers,  little  doers. 
I>ddichoalkeeio  dy  grantreeho.    Span. 

Great  gifts  are  firom  great  men. 

Greg  and  green  make  the  worst  medley. 

lirpe  senex  mUee^  turpe  seniHa  amor. — Ovid.    An  old  letoher  is  oompared 
to  sn  onion  or  leek,  which  hath  a  white  head  but  a  green  tail. 

Greff  hairs  are  death's  blossoms. 

dr^pent  up  will  burst  the  heart. 

Guests  that  come  by  daylight  are  best  received. 
Suetped  eoneoiha  honor.    Span. 

MU  is  always  jealous. 

^e  guU  conies  after  the  rain. 

H. 

Hackney  mistress,  hackney  maid.  h  2 


100  FB0TSBB8  THAT  ABl 

'OiroXa  ri  frivicoiva.  rdiai  cat  OipatraivUtc. — Cic.  Epist  Att  6.  QmHi 
hera  talet  pedisaequa,  Etj  rd^Sf^olva^  at  kvvi^  fUfioviiivau  Catul^f  da^ 
mimm  imitaniur.  Videos  mOem  (in^  Erasmiu)  et  MeUUNUy  optdetUarttm 
muHenm  delieuu,  faatumy  lasciviam  totamqmfiri  monm  ma^inem  redden. 
Qual  9t  la  cobra,  teletla  hija  que  la  mouMk-^Span.  Le  mamaU  eorbeuu, 
mamma  cntf, — ^Fr. 

Had  IJish,  'tis  good  without  mustard. 

Hialf  an  acre  is  good  land. 

No  halting  before  a  cripple. 
For  fear  of  being  detected.  Bnefautpaa  docker  dewmt  un  boiteux. — Fr. 

Put  not  the  hand  between  the  bark  and  the  tree. 
i.  e.  Meddle  not  in  &mily  affairs. 

You  are  a  good  hand  to  lift  a  lame  dog  oyer  a  stile. 
Help,  hands,  for  I  have  no  lands, 
k*  He  is  handsome  that  handsome  doth.     Span. 
She  who  is  born  handsome  is  bom  married. 
Che  naace  beUa  naeee  marUata,    ItaL 

Half  an  hour*s  hanging  hinders  five  miles  riding. 
'Tis  better  to  be  happy  than  wise. 

E  megUo  eteer  fortvnato  che  9amo» — ItaL  Gutta  fitrtunm  pra  doti» 
eapientia.  Mieux  wmt  vn  once  de  fortune  gt^une  Uvre  de  aagesae, — Ft 
An  ounce  of  good  fortune  is  better  than  a  pound  of  wisdom. 

Sappy  is  he  whose  friends  were  bom  before  him. 
g.  e.  Who  hath  rem  non  labore  parandam  ted  re&ctam, 

Happy  is  he  who  hath  sowed  his  wild  oats  by  time. 
Happy  man  happy  dole ;  or,  Happy  man  by  his  dole. 
Happy  is  the  child  whose  father  went  to  the  devil. 

For  commonly  they  who  first  raise  great  estates,  do  it  either  by  usurj 
and  extortion,  by  fraud  and  cozening,  or  by  flattery,  and  ministering  to 
other  mens'  vices. 

Some  have  the  hap,  some  stick  in  the  gap. 
H(^  and  half-penny  goods  enough. 

Ventura  te  de  Deoe  hiJOf  que  el  aabA"  poeo  te  basta, — Span.  i.  e.  Good 
luck  is  enough,  though  a  man  hath  not  a  penny  left  him.  Fortune  often 
raises  a  man  more  than  merit 

Bet  hard  heart  against  hard  hap. 

TVrn^  cede  malis,  sed  contra  audentior  ito.  In  re  mala  animo  si  bomo 
utare  a^^uoat. 

Hard  with  hard  makes  not  the  stone  wall. 

Duro  con  duro  non  fa  mai  buon  muro. — ItaL  Though  I  have  teen,  at 
Ariminum,  in  Italy,  an  ancient  Eoman  bridge  made  of  hewn  stone,  laid 
together  without  any  mortar  or  cement. 

Hard  fare  makes  hungry  bellies. 


XKTI&B   RETTTENCES.  101 

Where  we  least  think,  there  goeth  the  hare  away. 

Hi^rm  watch,  harm  catch. 

Kiog  Harry  loved  a  man.     t.  e.  Valiant  men  love  such  as  are 

fto,  and  hate  cowards. 
Harrow  hell,  and  rake  up  the  devil. 
Most  KmU,  worst  speed.  , 

Ome  ^  hajretta  non  Hfa  nun  niente  ehe  stia  bene. — Ital.  Qui  trop 
te  kale  en  ekeminent,  en  beau  ehemin  sefiurvoye  iouvent. — Fr.  He  that 
valb  too  hastily,  often  Btumbles  in  pbiin  way.  Qui  nimia  propere  minua 
pmepert^  et  Mtnuvm  prcperana  teriua  abtohii.  ^^0anu/e»iinan9  aecoa 
pmt  eahUut.  -^Featma  kntk.  Tarry  a  little,  that  we  may  make  an  end 
the  sooner,  was  a  saying  of  Sir  Amias  Panlet.  Presto  et  bene  non  n  conr 
•iflie.— ItaL    Hastily  and  well  never  meet. 

Hatte  makes  waste,  and  waste  makes  want,  and  want  makes 

strife  between  the  good  man  and  his  wife. 
As  the  man  said  to  him  on  the  tree  top.  Make  no  more  haste 

when  you  come  down  than  when  yon  went  up. 
EoiU  trips  up  its  own  heels.  ^ 

Nothing  must  be  done  hMtUy  but  killing  of  fleas. 
A  hasty  man  never  wants  woe. 

Ode  qne  mucho  yerve,  tabor  perde.    Span. 

H(uty  people  will  never  make  good  midwives. 

Haxty  gamesters  oversee. 

No  hute  to  hang  true  men. 

"Tis  good  to  have  a  haich  before  the  door. 

High  flying  hawks  are  fit  for  princes. 

Eane  not  the  cloak  to  make  when  it  begins  to  rain. 

Hake  hay  while  the  sun  shines. 

A  mat  head  and  a  little  wit. 

This  IB  only  for  the  dinch-sake  become  a  proverb ;  for  certainly  the 
renter,  the  more  brains ;  and  the  more  brains,  tne  more  wit,  if  rightly  oon- 
fonofid.  The  Spaniards  say,  Cabello  ktengo  y  corto  el  seso.  Long  hair, 
and  little  brains. 

Better  be  the  head  of  a  pike  than  the  tail  of  a  sturgeon. 
li  9eut  miewe  etre  le  premier  de  sa  race  que  le  dernier,    Tr* 

Better  be  the  head  of  a  dog  than  the  tail  of  a  lion. 
Me^  ^  ester  capo  di  hteertola  ehe  coda  di  dragone,    ItaL 

Better  be  the  head  of  a  sprat  than  the  tail  of  a  sturgeon. 
B  megUo  etter  Mpo  di  cardeila  ehe  coda  di  ttorione.    ItaL 

Better  be  the  head  of  an  ass  than  the  tail  of  a  horse. 
Better  be  the  head  of  the  yeomanry  than  the  tail  of  the  sentry. 
B  megUo  ester  tetta  di  bteeio  ehe  coda  at  ttorione, — Ital.  These  five  pro- 
iHbs  have  all  the  same  sense,  vur .  Men  love  priority  and  precedency,  nad 


102  PBOTXBBS  THAT  ASM 

ratheir  gorem  than  be  rulecU  command  than  obey,  lead  than  be  led,  thongh 

in  an  inferior  rank  and  quality. 

He  that  hath  no  hsad,  needs  no  hat. 

Qui  n*a  point  de  tiie  n'a  que /aire  de  ehtg^enm,    Fr. 

A  man  is  not  so  soon  hetiled  as  hurt. 

You  must  not  pledge  your  own  health. 

HeaUh  is  better  than  wealth.  ^ 

The  more  you  heap,  the  worse  you  cheap. 

The  more  yon  rake  and  scrapei  the  worse Buoceea  you  hare;  or  the  more 
busy  yon  are,  and  stir  yon  keep,  the  leas  yon  gain. 

He  that  hears  much,  and  speaks  not  all,  shall  be  welcome  both 
in  bower  and  hall. 
Parlapoeo,  aseolia  otMi,  e  wmfaUirai.    ItaL 

Hearte  may  agree,  though  heads  differ. 

Where  the  h^e  is  lowest,  commonly  men  leap  oyer. 

Chaeunjaue  au  rot  detpouille. — Fr.  They  that  are  onoe  down,  shall  be 
rare  to  be  trampled  on. 

Take  heed  is  a  good  read. 

Or,  as  anoth^  proTerb  hath  it,  Gt>od  take  heed  doth  surely  speed.  Abwu 
dant  eautela  nan  noeei.  The  Spaniarda  say,  Cmjfda  bien  de  to  que  hazea 
no  teflee  de  rapdeee. 

One  pur  of  heek  is  often  worth  two  pair  of  hands. 

Always  for  cowards.  The  French  say,  Qii»  n*a  cteur  ait  jambee  ;  and 
the  Italians,  in  the  same  words,  Chi  non  ha  ettore  habbi  gambe.  He  that 
hath  no  heart,  let  him  haye  heels.  So  we  see  nature  hath  provided  timo- 
rous  creatures,  as  deers,  hares,  and  rabbits,  with  good  heels  to  sare  them- 
selyes  by  flight. 

They  that  be  in  heU  think  there's  no  other  heaven. 
Every  herring  must  han^  by  his  own  gill. 

Erery  tub  must  stand  on  its  own  bottom.  Every  man  must  give  an 
aocoimt  for  himself. 

Side  nothing  from  thy  minister,  physician,  and  lawyer. 

AlconfeeeoTy  medico,  ed  avocato,  non  at  di  tener  U  vero  eelaia, — ItaL 
He  tiiat  doth  so,  doth  it  to  his  own  harm  or  loss ;  wronging  thereby  either 
his  soul,  body,  or  estate. 

ITigh  places  have  their  precipices. 

Look  not  too  high,  lest  a  chip  fall  in  thine  eye. 

Noli  aUum  eapere.  Mr.  Howel  hath  it,  Hew  not  too  high,  &o.  accord- 
ing to  the  Scottish  Proverb. 

The  highest  standing,  the  lower  fall. 

ToUwntur  m  altum  ut  kgmi  gremora  rmant.     The  Higher  flood  hath  al* 
ways  the  lower  ebb. 
The  highest  tree  hath  the  greatest  fall. 

Ceka  gromare  ctuu  deeidunt  iurree.    Horat. 


SITTIBB  SEKTIKCBS.  103 

Up  the  km  faTonr  me,  down  the  hill  beware  thee. 
Every  man  for  hinuelf,  and  Ood  for  us  all. 

Ogmw»per9e,eDiopertuttu — ItaL  Coda  uno  en  9U  ioM,  y  Dkm  e» 
la  de  todBt.-~Spa2L    Eiery  one  in  hk  own  houae,  and  God  in  all  of  them. 

'Tia  hard  to  break  a  hog  of  an  ill  custom. 
Ne*er  lose  a  hog  for  a  halfpenny-worth  of  tar. 

A  man  may  spare  in  an  ill  time ;  as  some  who  will  rather  die  than  spend 
ten  groats  in  physic.  Some  have  it.  Lose  not  a  sheep,  &c.  Indeed,  tar  is 
more  naed  about  sheep  than  swine.    Others  say,  Lose  not  a  ship,  &c. 

He  that  has  but  one  hog,  makes  him  fat ;  and  he  that  has  but 

one  son,  makes  him  a  fool. 
A  man  may  hold  his  tongue  in  an  ill  time. 

Jmydas  tUeiUhnm  perdidii.  It  is  a  known  story,  that  the  Amydeans 
haTing  been  often  firightened  and  disquieted  with  Tain  reports  of  the  enemy's 
coming,  made  a  law  tnat  no  man  should  hring  or  tell  any  such  news.  Where- 
upon it  happened,  that,  when  the  enemies  cud  come  indeed,  they  were  sur- 
prised and  taken.    There  is  a  time  to  speak  as  well  as  to  be  silent. 

Who  can  hold  that  they  have  not  in  their  hand  ?     t.  e.  a  f — t. 
Some  ifi  home,  though  it  be  never  so  homely. 

OLcoc  ^oc  oIkoc  dpioTo^.  Because  there  we  hare  the  greatest  free- 
dom,   y .  Erasm.    Bot  aUenui  tuHnde  protpeeiat  Jonu, 

An  honest  man's  word  is  as  good  as  his  bond. 
God  made  you  an  honeeter  man  than  your  father. 
A  honey  tongue,  a  heart  of  eall. 

Boca  de  mtl  eorofm  defeL — roitX,  Palabrae  de  eanto  y  imat  de  goto, 
— Span. 

Honours  change  manners. 

Honoree  mutant  moree.  As  poverty  depreeseth  and  dehaseth  a  man's 
mind,  so  great  place  and  estate  advance  and  enlarge  it,  hut  many  times 
corrupt  and  pun  it  up. 

Where  honour  ceaseth,  there  knowledge  decreaseth. 

Uemoe  alit  artee.  Qtdi  enim  virtutem  ampleetitur  ^ttam  pramia  ei  toU 
laaT    On  the  other  side, 

Sint  Meceenatet  non  deertmt  Flaece  Maronet  t 
VirgUiumque  tibi  vel  tua  rura  dabunt* 

A  hook  well  lost  to  catch  a  salmon. 

Ilfautperdre  un  viron  pour  picker  ten  eaumon.    Fr. 

If  it  were  not  for  hope,  the  heart  would  break. 
^Mf  abmt  exuiet,    ^>ee  eervat  qffUctos.    '^vrip  arvx^^v  <rM(crai  ra7( 

iXlTiffk 

Spee  bona  dat  vtret,  animum  qwtque  epee  bonajirvut. 
Vhere  epe  pidi  qui  moriturus  erat. 

Rope  well,  and  have  well,  quoth  Hickwell. 
Hope  is  a  good  breakfast,  but  a  bad  supper. 


104  PB0TBRB8   THAT  JlBB 

HopM  delayed  hang  the  heart  upon  tenter-hookR. 

You  can't  make  a  horn  of  a  pig's  tail. 

Parallel  hereto  is  that  of  ApoetoUofl,  *Ovov  ovpa  ri|Xiay  oh  noul.  An 
ass's  tail  will  not  make  a  sieye.  Ex  guotit  Ugno  tumJU  Mareuriut.  "Wo 
also  say.  You  cannot  make  yelyet  of  a  soVb  ear. 

Horns  and  grey  hairs  do  not  come  hy  years. 
Who  hath  horns  in  his  hosom,  let  him  not  put  them  on  his  head. 
Let  a  man  hide  his  shame,  not  publish  it. 

'Tis  a  good  horse  that  never  stumhles ;  and  a  good  wife  that 

never  grumbles. 

Il  n*y  a  si  ban  eheval  gm  ne  broneke. — Fr.  Qtiandoque  bottus  dor* 
mitat  ffomerus,  Quent  guer  cavaOo  sem  taeka,  sem  ells  m  aeka. — Port. 
The  Italiaos  say,  Ckiferra  inehioda  \  Who  shoes  a  hozse,  pricks  hun. 

A  good  horse  cannot  be  of  a  bad  colour. 

A  good  horse  often  wants  a  good  spur. 

'Tis  an  ill  horse  will  not  carry  his  own  provender.. 

'Tis  an  ill  horse  can  neither  whinny  nor  wag  his  tail. 

Let  a  horse  drink  when  he  vnll,  not  what  he  vnll. 

A  man  may  lead  a  horse  to  the  water,  but  he  cannot  make  hinc 

drink  unless  he  vrill. 

On  n$fait  boire  a  F  tune  guand  U  ne  vetU. — Fr.  And,  On  a  beau  mener 
U  bcBuf  a  Feau  iil  n*a  eoif, — Fr.  In  vain  do  you  lead  the  ox  to  the  water 
if  he  06  not  thirsty. 

A  restive  horse  must  have  a  sharp  spur. 

The  common  horse  is  worst  shod. 

The  best  horse  needs  breaking,  and  the  aptest  child  needs 

teaching. 
Where  the  horse  lies  down,  there  some  hair  vrill  be  found 

Fuller's  JForth. 
A  g&lled  horse  vrill  not  endure  the  comb. 

a  iignoea  non  ama  ii  pettine. — ^Ital.  Jamait  tigneux  n'otme  Upigne,— 
Fr.    And.  Cheval  roigneux  fia  cure  qtion  FettriUe, — Fr. 

You  may  know  the  horse  by  his  harness. 

They  are  scarce  of  horse-flesh  where  two  and  two  ride  on  a  dog. 

A  short  horse  is  soon  vrisp'd,  and  a  bare  a —  soon  kiss'd. 

Some  say,  A  short  horse  is  soon  curried.  Quien  poeo  sabepretto  h  rtta. 
Ke  that  knows  little,  soon  repeats  it. 

The  horse  that  draws  his  halter  is  not  quite  escaped. 

Non  ^  teappato  ehi  straeema  la  catena  dietro, — ^ItaL  H  nut  pas  eeekapp^ 
fm  trame  ton  lien, — Fr. 

Trust  not  a  horse's  heel,  nor  a  dog's  tooth. 
Ai  egmmit  pedibut  procul  recede. 


SKTIBB  SEirrENOES.  105 

A  running  horse  is  an  open  sepulchre. 
CtmaUo  eorrienU  upoUura  aperta,     Ital. 

He  that  hires  the  horse  must  ride  before. 

The  fairer  the  hostess,  the  fouler  the  reckoning. 

BdU  koste$ae  ^tat  un  mal  pour  la  bourae, — ^Fr.  £1  hmaptda  ktfimm^ 
malptara  la  bolaa. — Span. 

Hat  sup,  hot  swallow. 

Hot  men  harbour  no  malice. 

Better  one's  house  too  Uttle  one  daj,  than  too  big  all  the  jeai 

after. 
When  thy  neighbour's  house  is  on  fire>  beware  of  thine  own. 

Tua  rea  agiiur  paries  aim  proximm  ardet, 

A  man's  house  is  his  castle. 

Tllis  is  a  kind  of  law  proyerb ;  Jura  pubUea  faveni  privato  domiis,  ^e 
FortagneM  say,  Coda  hwn  em  tua  eata  e  rey. 

He  Uiat  builds  a  house  by  the  highway  side,  it  is  either  too  high 
or  too  low. 
Chifahrica  la  eaaa  inpiaaa^  Sehe  i  troppo  aUa  6  iroppo  basea.    ItaL 

He  that  buys  a  hotue  ready  wrought,  hath  many  a  pin  and 

nail  for  nought. 

II /ami  acheterntaison  fait  et  femme  d /aire. — Fr.  A  home  ready  made, 
toad  a  irife  to  make.  Hence  we  say,  Fools  build  hooses,  and  wiie  men  buy 
them. 

When  a  man's  house  bums,  'tis  not  good  playing  at  chess. 
A  man  may  love  his  house  well,  and  yet  not  ride  on  the  ridge. 
A  man  may  loTe  his  children  and  relations  well,  and  yet  not  cocker  them, 
or  be  foolishly  fond  and  indulgent  to  them. 

Huye  winds  blow  on  high  hills. 
Feriunt^ue  aummoefidmina  montea.    Horat. 

Hunger  is  the  best  sauce. 

Appeiiio  non  fmol  aalae, — ItaL  J7  n'y  a  aauee  que  d*qppetit, — Fr.  This 
proTob  ii  reckoned  among  the  aphorisms  of  Socrates ;  Optimum  eibi  eon- 
HmeHtumfamea^  aitia  poiua, — Cic.  lib.  2.  de  Finibus.  A  fome  he  boa 
moaiarda. — ^Port* 

Hunger  will  break  through  stone  walls. 

Hungry  flies  bite  sore. 

The  horse  in  the  fisihle,  with  a  galled  hack,  desired  the  flies  that  were  fuB 
might  not  be  diiyen  away,  because  hungry  ones  would  then  take  their  places. 

They  must  hunger  in  frost  that  will  not  work  in  heat. 

A  hungry  horse  makes  a  clean  manger. 
A  la  kamhre  no  ay  pan  malo.    Span. 

Hunger  makes  hard  bones  sweet  beans. 


106  PBOTEBBS  THAT  A^X 

Ensmiu  relates  as  a  oommon  proTcrb,  (amonff  the  Dutch,  I  suppose,) 
Hunger  makes  raw  beans  relish  well,  or  taste  or  saw.  Manet  hoditqm 
wulgo  triiwn  proverbium  Famem  effietm  ut  eruda  etiamfeiba  aaeeharwn  sapiamL 
Darius  in  his  flighty  drinking  puddle- water  defiled  with  dead  carcases,  is 
reported  to  have  said,  that  he  neyer  drank  any  thing  that  was  more  plea- 
sant :  for,  saith  the  storj,  Neqve  mm  aitten*  unquam  biUrat :  he  nerer  had 
drank  thirsty.  The  full  stomach  loatheth  the  honcT-oomb ;  but  to  the  hungrv, 
•Terr  bitter  thing  is  sweet. — Jhw.  ToXq  <rirov  axopovct  ffirov^aCovrcu  Oi 
5popoc. 

Hunger  and  cold  deliver  a  man  up  to  his  enemy. 
All  are  not  hunters  that  blow  the  horn. 

I.  J. 
Etebt  Jaeh  must  have  his  QUI. 

Chaeun  demande  aa  aorte. — Fr.  Coda  kamfolga  earn  o  aeuiffttoL — ^Port. 
like  will  to  like.  It  ought  to  be  written  JyU,  for  it  seems  to  be  a  nick 
name  for  Julia,  or  Juliana. 

A  good  Jaeh  makes  a  good  GUI, 

Bimua  dux  bonum  reddit  eomitem.  Inferiors  imitate  the  manners  of  su- 
periors ;  subjects  of  their  prinoes,  servants  of  their  masters,  children  of 
their  parents,  wives  of  their  husbands.    Fr<Bdepta  dueunt,  exempla  trakunt. 

Jack  would  be  a  eentleman  if  be  could  but  speak  French. 

This  was  a  prorerb  when  the  gentry  brought  up  their  children  to  speak 
French.  After  the  Conquest,  the  first  kinss  endeavoured  to  abolish  the 
English  language,  and  introduce  the  Frencn. 

More  to  do  with  one  Jach-an-apes  than  all  the  bears. 

Jack  would  wipe  his  nose  if  he  had  it. 

Jack  in  an  office  is  a  great  man. 

Jack  Sprat  would  teach  his  grandame. 

jisUa  barbam  doeea  aanea.  The  French  say,  Lea  oiaona  mmeni  paitra  tea 
oiea.    The  goslings  lead  the  geese. 

Of  idleness  comes  no  goodness. 

Idleness  must  thank  itself  if  it  goes  barefoot. 

Better  to  be  idle  than  not  well  occupied. 

Fraatat  otioaum  aaae  ptdm  nihil  agere, — rlin.  Epist  //  vaut  mimx  itra 
oiaifgua  da  na  rim  fair  a.— Yr,  Better  be  idle  than  do  tliat  which  is  to  uo 
purpose,  or  as  good  as  nothing ;  much  more  than  that  which  is  eviL 

An  idU  brain  is  the  devil's  shop. 
Some  say.  Workhouse. 

IdU  folks  have  the  most  labour. 
Some  say.  Idle  people  take  the  most  pains. 

Idle  folks  lack  no  excuses. 
A  young  man  idle^  an  old  man  needy. 
wovana  otioao,  vaeehio  biaognoao,    Ital. 

Do/mt  poor  folks,  and  see  how  'twill  thrive. 


ENTIliE   S£KT£KCS«  107 

1^0  jesting  with  edge  tools,  or  with  bell-ropes 

Treaea  rum  ifanti  e  laacia  iiar  i  aanii, — ItaL  PUy  with  ehildroa,  and 
let  the  saints  afone. 

JmUj  like  sweetmeats,  have  often  sonr  sauce. 

When  the  demand  is  AJestf  the  fittest  answer  is  a  scoff. 

Better  lose  hj^t  than  a  friend. 
A  la  htria  dicarla  gumtdo  mat  agruda.     Span. 

lU  news  comes  a-pace. 

lU  weeds  grow  a-pace. 

Mmivaiae  herbe  arm  Un^omrt, — Fr.  Patsi  ereaeono  $mam  magUtrgU* — ItaL 
Fools  grow  without  watering.  A  tnamau  chien  la  queii$  iy  frimt»^-'¥u 
Herba  maiapretto  eruee. — ItaL 

lU  will  never  said  well. 

lU  got,  ill  spent. 
Aequerir  meehamment  et  depenur  aotUmeni.     Fr. 

lU  luck  is  worse  than  found  money. 

When  %U  luck  Mis  asleep  let  nobody  wake  her. 
Qnando  la  mala  ventura  n  duerme,  nadie  la  deapierU,    Span. 

An  mek  breaks  no  squares.     Some  add,  in  a  burn  of  thorns. 
Pomr  un  petit  ni  avant  ni  arriere.    Fr. 

An  inch  in  a  miss  is  as  good  as  an  ell. 

Industry  is  Fortune's  right  hand,  and  Frugality  her  left. 

Ingratitude  is  the  daughter  of  pride. 

Jban*s  as  good  as  my  lady  in  the  dark. 

Av^vov  apBivTog  yvvii  vava  if  avrr^.  Erasmus  draws  this  to  another 
sense,  vk.  There  is  no  woman  chaste  where  there  is  no  witness ;  but  I 
think  he  mistakes  the  intent  of  it,  which  ia  the  same  with  ours — When 
candles  are  out,  all  cats  are  grey. 

No^oy  without  annoy. 

£xtrema  gaudii  luctua  oceupat :  And,  Usque  adeo  ntdla  sat  sincsra  vohip' 
tas,  aoUieUumqm  aUquid  latia  intsrvenit. 

Jog  surfeited  turns  to  sorrow. 
Strike  while  the  iron  is  hot. 

Infin  chs  Uferro  i  ealdo  biaogna  batterlo. — Ital.  Ufait  bon  battrs  Isfsf 
tamdis  qtlU  eat  chaud. — Fr.  People  must  then  be  plied  when  they  are  in  a 
good  humour  or  mood. 

He  that  hath  many  irons  in  the  fire,  some  of  them  will  cool. 
He  that  will  not  endure  to  itcK  must  endure  to  smart. 

K. 

Ki  me,  and  I'll  ka  thee. 

Da  miAi  nnttuum  testimonium, — Cic.  Orat.  pro  Flacco.  Lend  me  an  oath 
or  testimony.    Swear  for  me,  and  I'll  do  as  much  for  you.    Or,  Claw  me 


108  PB0TXBB8   THAT  ABE 

and  I'H  cUw  tou.    Commend  mo,  and  FU  commend  jon.    And  Pro  JU^ 
Oakmriam.    Neptune  changed  with  iAtona,  Deloa  for  Calaoria. 

Keep  some  till  furthermore  come. 
The  kettle  calls  the  pot  black  a — e. 

LapadeUa  dtee  al  paiuolo  fottt  in  Id^  the  tu  non  mi  1m0a. — ^Ital.  II  Lwrnm, 
fabe^e  de  laptpuOa, — Ital.  We  alao  say,  The  chimney-sweeper  bids  tha 
coUier  wash  his  £bu». 

All  the  keys  hang  not  at  one  man's  girdle. 

A  piece  of  Jctd^e  worth  two  of  a  cat. 

Who  was  JdUed  by  a  cannon  bullet,  was  cursed  m  his  mother'a 

belly. 
The  kiln  calls  the  oven  burnt-house. 
*Ti8  good  to  be  near  of  kin  to  an  estate. 
Every  one  is  vMn  to  the  rich  man. 

Ogni  uno  ^parimte  dd  rieeo.    ItaL 

Kings  love  the  treason,  but  not  the  traitor. 
Lm  r$ye$  a$  pagan  de  la  iraycton,  pero  no  del  tra^dor.    Span. 

A  kmg's  favour  is  no  inheritance. 

A  ku^a  cheese  goes  half  away  in  parings. 

Kieeing  goes  by  favour. 

Better  Inea  a  knave  than  be  troubled  with  him. 

He  that  hieeeth  his  wife  in  the  market-place  shall  have  enougli 

to  teach  him. 
If  you  can  km  the  mistress,  never  kiss  the  maid. 
To  kin  a  man's  wife,  or  wipe  his  knife,  is  but  a  thankless 

office. 
Many  kiee  the  child  for  the  nurse's  sake. 
A  carrion  kite  will  never  make  a  good  hawk. 

On  ne  eauroUfaire  d'une  hue  un  tffervier.    Fr. 

A  fat  kitohm,  a  lean  will.     Ital. 

Knanee  and  fools  divide  the  world. 

When  knaves  foil  out,  true  men  come  by  their  goods. 

Zee  larrona  /enirebatenty  lee  lareme  ee  deeeotwreni. — Fr.  WheQ  high- 
waymen faU  out,  robberies  are  diseovered. 

Knavery  may  serve  for  a  turn,  but  honesty  is  best  at  long-run. 

The  more  knave^  the  better  luck. 

Two  cunning  knaves  need  no  broker :  or,  A  cunning  knave,  && 

^Tis  as  hard  to  please  a  knave  as  a  knight. 

It  is  better  to  imt  than  blossom. 

As  in  trees,  those  that  bear  the  fisdrest  blossoms,  as  donble-flowered  ohw 
ries  and  peaches,  often  bear  no  fruit  at  all,  so  in  children,  &o. 

Where  the  knot  is  loose,  the  string  slippeth. 


Bimiii  ssvTsircss.  109 

TheT  that  bww  one  another,  salute  afar  off. 
Knowledge  without  practice  makes  hut  half  an  artist. 
Knowledge  in  youth  is  wisdom  in  age. 

L. 

As  unhappy  lad  may  make  a  good  man. 
A  ragged  colt,  &c. 

A  quick  landlord  makes  a  careful  tenant 

^  He  that  hath  some  land  must  have  some  lahour. 
Xo  iweet  without  acme  Bweat ;  without  pains,  no  gaini. 

Land  was  never  lost  for  want  of  an  heir. 
A  •  rieehi  non  maneano  parmti, — ItaL    The  rich  nerer  want  Undred. 

After  a  lank  comes  a  bank. 
Said  of  breeding  women. 

One  leg  of  a  lar^s  worth  the  whole  body  of  a  kite. 
He  that  comes  last,  nuikes  ail  fast. 
Lt  dernier  ferme  laporUf  ou  la  laiase  ouverte.    Fr. 

Better  late  than  never. 
H  uuU  mieux  tard  guejamau. — Fr.    MegUo  tarde  ehe  non  mai,    ItaL 

*TiB  never  too  late  to  repent. 
Iftmquam  tera  est,  S^c, 

Let  them  laugh  that  win. 

Marehand  qui  perd  ne  pent  rire. — Fr.  The  merchant  that  loses  cannct 
lan^h.  Gire  losers  leave  to  speak,  and,  I  s^y,  give  winners  leare  to  laugh , 
for  if  you  do  not,  they'll  take  it. 

Laughter  is  the  hiccup  of  a  fool. 

He  that  buys  lawn  before  he  can  fold  it,  shall  repent  him 

before  he  have  sold  it. 
They  that  make  laws  must  not  break  them. 

Patere  legem  quam  ipse  ttdieti. 

In  commune  Jubet  Hquid  eeneeeve  tenendum, 
Primus  Juaaa  subi,  tune  obeervantior  aqui. 
FUpopulue,  nee  f err e  vetat  eum  viderit  iptum 
Autorem  parere  tibC    Claudian. 

Laws  catch  flies,  but  let  hornets  go  free. 
Better  a  lean  jade  than  an  empty  halter. 

We  have  many  proverbs  to  this  import :  Better  some  of  the  pudding 
than  none  of  the  pie,  &c. 

Never  too  old  to  learn. 
NuOa  eetat  ad  perdiseendum  tera  est.    Ambros. 

Learning  makes  a  man  fit  company  for  himself. 
The  least  boy  always  carries  the  greatest  fiddle. 
All  lay  load  upon  those  that  are  least  able  to  bear  it.    For  they  that  an 
Me  t3  bear,  are  least  able  to  resist  the  imposition  of  the  burden. 


110  PEOTEEBS   TUAT   ABS 

Better  leave  than  lack. 
Parallel  to  this  is,  Better  belly  burst  than  good  drink  lost. 

Leave  is  light. 

It  is  an  easy  matter  to  ask  leave,  only  the  expense  of  a  little  breath ;  and 
therefore  servants,  and  such  as  are  and..'r  command,  are  mnch  to  blame, 
when  they  will  do,  or  neglect  to  do,  what  they  ought  not,  or  ought,  with- 
out asking  it. 

While  the  le^  warmeth  the  hoot  harmeth. 
He  that  doth  lend,  doth  lose  his  friend. 

Qui  prete  aux  omit  perd  au  double. — Fr.  He  that  lends  to  his  Mend, 
loseth  double ;  «'.  $.  both  money  and  Mend. 

Lend  and  lose  ;  so  play  fools. 

Learn  to  lick  hetimes ;  you  know  not  whose  tail  you  may  go  07. 

Shew  me  a  UoTt  and  FU  shew  you  a  thief. 
La  metUerie  tat  le  premier  de  torn  Us  mauz.    Fr. 

Life  is  sweet. 

While  there's  life  there's  hope. 

Injin  que  ^  ijiato  v*  i  aperanza, — ItaL  .JBp'oto  dum  tmima  est  wpu  eat, 
^Tull.  ad  Attic.  *E\iridiQiv  Zfioiiriv  avkXtrwroi  Sk0av6vTt^.  When 
aU  diseases  fled  out  of  Pandora's  box,  hope  remained  there  still. 

There's  life  in  a  muscle,  t.  e.  There  is  some  hopes,  though  the 

means  be  but  weak. 
Life  lieth  not  in  living,  but  in  liking. 

Martial  saith,  ybn  est  vivere^  sed  valere  vita. 

Light  gains  make  a  heavy  purse. 

Le  peat  gain  rempiit  la  bourse. — Fr.  They  that  sell  for  small  profit. 
Tend  more  commodities,  and  make  quick  returns ;  so  that  to  invert  the 
proverb,  What  they  lose  in  the  hundred,  they  gain  in  the  county.  Whereas 
they  who  sell  dear,  sell  little,  and  many  times  lose  a  good  part  of  their 
wares,  either  spoiled  or  grown  out  of  fashion  by  long  keeping.  i^MO  e 
tpesso  empie  il  Soraetto. — Hal.    Little  and  often  fills  the  purse. 

Ltght  burdens  far  heary. 
Petit  fardeau  piae  a  la  Umgua  ;  or,  Fetit  ehose  de  loin  pise,    Fr. 

Lwht  cheap  lither  yield. 

That  that  costs  little  will  do  little  servioe,  for  commonly  the  best  is  best 
cheap. 

Lightly  come,  lightly  go. 

be  qui  viant  tambour  a  an  reteume  k  lajlute.    Fr. 

The  light  is  nought  for  sore  eyes. 

A  fcsil  malade  la  bsmiare  mi^.— Fr.  He  that  doth  evil,  hateth  th« 
light,  &o. 

There's  lightning  lightly  hefore  thunder* 
A  heavy  purse  makes  a  light  heart. 


EVTIBE   SEITTXIICSB.  Ill 

The  lion's  not  half  so  fierce  as  he's  painted. 

Minmrnt  pratentia  famam,  u  a  true  rule.  ThingB  are  represented  at  a 
distance  much  to  their  adrantage,  beyond  their  just  proportion  and  merit. 
Fame  is  a  magnifying  glass.  Some  say,  The  devil's  not  half  so  Uack  as 
he's  painted. 

Every  one  as  they  like  best,  as  the  good  man  said  when  he 

kissed  his  cow. 
Like  will  to  like  (as  the  devil  said  to  the  collier).     Or,  As  the 

scabbed  'squire  said  to  the  mangy  knight,  when  they  both 

met  over  a  dish  of  battered  fish. 

Opn  tmiU  appfUtee  i7  wo  simiie. — Ital.  Chagun  eherehe  mm  atmNablt ; 
or,  doMnde  ta  torU. — Fr.  Oascua  ceueam  dueU^  i.  e.  vetulua  anum,  Sig- 
ni/eat  a.  nmtlw  nmiltm  dtlectat, — Coda  ovelha  com  tua  parelha.    Port. 

Like  lips,  like  lettuce. 

Smulet  Kabmi  labra  laeUuat,  A  thistle  is  a  salad  fit  for  an  asi^s  mcnth : 
We  use  when  we  would  signify  that  things  happen  to  people  which  ars 
siiitihie  to  them,  or  which  uiey  deserve :  as  when  a  duU  sdioiar  happens  tc 
a  stapid  or  ignorant  master,  a  firoward  wife  to  a  peevish  husband,  &c.  J)ig» 
mm pattttd operculum,  like  priest,  like  people;  and  on  the  contrarr. 
These  proverbs  are  always  taken  in  the  worse  sense.  Tal  came  tai  eoUem, 
— ItaL    like  flesh,  like  knife. 

Uke  master,  like  man. 
hofn,  tenor  eria  rujfn  eervidor.    Span. 

Like  priest,  like  people. 
dd  m  popoh  pazzo,  vn  preie  apiriiaio.    Ital. 

Like  saint,  like  ofiering. 
Tel  para  gual  Pedro  para  Juan,     Span. 

Like  carpenter,  like  chips. 
Qua/  ee  el  rey,  talee  la  grey.     Span. 

Trim  tram  ;  like  master,  like  man. 
r(rf  maUre  tel  valet—Fi.     Talt  abbate  taU  i  MoiMcAt.~Ital. 

They  are  so  like,  that  they  are  the  worse  for  it. 
A  li^uorieh  tone  ia  the  purse's  canker. 
A  Uquoriih  tongue,  a  liquorish  tail. 
Luteners  hear  no  good  of  themselyes. 
^  A  UtUe  pot's  soon  hot. 

Little  persons  are  commonly  choleric. 

l^tUe  things  are  pretty. 

LitUe  bodies  have  great  souls. 
"  A  Utile  more  breaks  a  horse's  back. 

Some  tay,  The  last  feather,  &c.    El  atno  nfre  la  larga,  no  la  eoire 
9i<— Span.    A  eobifa  rompre  o  eaeo. — ^Port. 


112  FHOTEBBS  THAT  AXl 

Veionactpido 
Pkarima  cum  temtii,  plura  tenere  ct^7. 

By  liHle  and  little  the  poor  whore  sinks  her  bam. 
Pnco  a  poeo  hUa  la  vi^a  el  eopo.    Span. 

Many  Uttle»  make  a  mickle. 

'£i  yap  rev  koX  ffficcpdv  lifl  <rfiiKpijl  KaraOeioKal  Bajia  To^  9*  ^p^uc. 
rcf^a  ccv  fifya  koa  rh  ytvoiro,    Hesiod. 

Adde  parum  parvo  magnut  acervtu  €rit. 

Ih  peHt  vient  on  au  grand:  and,  Lea  petiU  ruisaeaux  font  let  grandtn 
rivicret. — Fr.  All  ekes,  &c.  The  greatest  number  is  made  up  of  noiti; 
and  all  the  waters  of  the  sea,  of  drops.  Piumahpiuma  sipela  Foeem, — Ital. 
Feather  by  feather  the  goose  is  plucKed.  A  quaitrmo  a  quattrmo  se  fai 
aoldo, — Ital.    De  muUoa  poucot  ae  fat  hum  mutio. — ^Port. 

Little  pitchers  have  great  ears. 

Ce  que  r  enfant  oil  au  foyer  ^  eat  bientot  eonnujiugu'au  Monatier.  That 
which  the  child  hears  by  the  fire,  is  often  known  as  far  as  Monstier,  a 
town  in  Sayoy.  So  that  it  seems  they  have  long  tongues  as  well  as  wide 
ears ;  and  therefore  (as  Juvenal  well  said)  Maxima  debeturpuer^f  reoerentia. 

,    Little  and  often  fills  the  purse. 

Little  said  is  soon  amended. 

^  Little  strokes  fell  great  oaks. 

Multua  ietibua  defieitur  guereua.  Many  strokes  fell,  fte.  Assiduity 
9Yeroomes  all  difficulty.  "irtxaSt^  ofifipov  yiwUvrai.  Mmutula  phtiia 
imhrem  parit,    Aaaidua  atiUa  aaxmn  excavat. 

Quid  magia  eat  durum  aaxo  T     Quid  moUiua  undA  t 
Dura  tamen  molH  aaxa  amantw  aqua  T    Ovid. 
Annulua  in  digito  aubter  tenuatur  kabendo  ; 
StilUcidi  caaua  lapidem  cavat,  vneua  arairi 
Ferreua  occulte  decreacit  vomer  in  armia.     Lucret. 
Pliny  reports,  that  there  are  to  be  found  flints  worn  by  the  feet  of  pismires; 
whicn  is  not  altogether  unlikely ;  for  the  horse-ants,  especially,  I  nave  ob- 
served to  have  their  roads  or  footpaths  so  worn  by  their  travelling,  that 
they  may  easily  be  observed. 

Little  hosts  must  keep  the  shore. 
A  little  good  is  soon  spent. 
A  little  stream  drives  a  light  mill. 
Live  and  let  live. 

t.  0.  Do  as  yon  would  be  done  by.  Let  such  pennyworths  as  your  tenanti( 
may  live  under  you.    Sell  such  bargains,  &c. 

Every  thing  would  live. 

II  n*p  a  petite  bite  qui  nepuiaae  aawer  la  vie,    Fr. 

They  that  live  longest  must  go  farthest  for  wood. 
Longer  livee  a  good  fellow  than  a  dear  year. 
As  long  lives  a  merry  heart  as  a  sad. 
The  l^eHpoUtans  say,  A  lisht  heart  with  a  wallot  on  the  neck. 


XKTIBE  BX5TXS018.  113 

One  may  Uve  and  learn. 

N$m  HJImUee  mat  if  imparare. — ItaL     Ttipd^Kt*  i*  aiti  iroXXrl  Matr- 
Komtyot,    A  fiunous  flaying  of  Solon ; 

DUeenH  oMndut  muUa  teneeta  vent  $ 
And  well  might  he  say  so ;  for,  Jn  Umga  vita  6r«vtt,  aa  Hippocntet  begixu 
his  Aphorisms. 

They  that  Iwe  longest  mast  fetch  fire  farthest. 
They  that  Iwe  longest  must  die  at  last. 
All  lay  load  on  the  willing  horse. 

On  tomehe  toujown  rar  le  eheval  qui  hre.— Fr.    The  horse  that  draws 
is  most  whipped. 

Half  a  loaf  is  better  than  no  bread. 
Tis  a  long  ran  that  never  turns. 
Some  say,  'Tis  a  long  lane  that  has  no  turning. 

Long  looked  for  comes  at  last. 
Look  to  the  main  chance. 

Look  before  you  leap,  for  snakes  among  sweet  flowers  do  creep. 
No  great  hu  but  some  small  profit. 
As  for  instance,  he  whose  sheep  <fie  of  the  rot,  saves  the  skins  and  wooL 

'Tis  not  hit  that  comes  at  last. 

All  is  not  lost  that  is  in  danger. 

In  hoe  is  no  lack. 

Low  is  the  touchstone  of  yirtue. 

Lovo  thy  neighbour,  but  pull  not  down  thy  hedge. 

Better  a  huu  in  the  pot  than  no  flesh  at  all. 

The  Scotch  nroverb  saith  a  mouse,  which  is  better  sense ;  for  a  monse  k 
flesh,  and  edibte.    Some  say,  A  living  pudding  is  better  than  a  dead  lioa. 

He  must  stoop  that  hath  a  low  door. 

The  Uncor  mill-stone  grinds  as  well  as  the  upper. 

LowUf  sit  richly  warm. 

A  mean  condition  is  both  more  safe  and  more  comfortable  than  a  high 
flrtate. 

Gk>od  hek  comes  by  cuffing. 

Afimodaa  miran  In  buenaa  hadao.    i.  e.  A  man  most  exert  himadf, 
md  take  pains  to  succeed. 

What  is  worse  than  ill  luek  f 

Give  a  man  huh,  and  throw  him  into  the  sea. 

Thieres  and  rogues  have  the  best  Wok,  if  they  do  but  escape 

hanging. 
He  that's  sick  of  a  fever  hrdm^  must  be  cured  by  the  haidi 

gelding. 
K  Uar  must  have  a  good  memory. 

I 


114  PBOTEBBB  THAT  AHX 

iMTt  hare  short  wingM* 
No  law  for  hing. 
A  man  may  lie  without  danger  of  the  law. 

M. 

You'll  never  be  nuii,  you  are  of  so  many  minda. 

He  that  bayeth  magitiracy  must  sell  justice. 

There  are  more  maids  than  MtkMn^  and  more  men  than  Mickj^A  \ 

•*.  e,  little  Mai  or  Mary, 
Minds  say  nay,  and  take. 
Maids  want  nothing  but  husbands ;  and  when  they  have  them, 

they  want  every  thing.     Somerset 
Who  knows  who's  a  good  maid  f 
Every  maid  is  undone. 
Make  much  of  one,  good  men  are  scarce. 
Malice  is  mindful. 
Man  proposes,  God  disposes. 

Homme  prepos€t  maia  Dint  ditpoae. — Fr.  Humana  conaUia  dmmtya 
pubenumtur.    Ei  hombre  pone,  y  Dioa  dispone. — Span. 

A  man's  a  man,  though  he  hath  but  a  hose  on's  head. 

He  that's  mannd  with  boys,  and  hors'd  with  colts,  shall  have 

his  meat  eaten,  and  his  work  undone. 
Many  hands  make  light  [or  quick]  work. 

MuUomm  mamiua  grande  levaiur  onus. 
irXi6vutv  8i  re  tpyov  dfitivov. — Homer.     VnutfrirnmOaswir.     Mioc  yap 
XC«p^  aOtvr^£  pdxv* — Eurtpid. 

Many  sands  will  sink  a  ship. 

We  mpst  have  a  care  of  little  things,  left  by  degrees  we  ftll  into  great 
inconyenienoes.    A  little  leak  neglected,  in  time  will  sink  a  ship. 

So  many  men  so  many  minds. 

Tante  teste  tanti  eervffW.— Ital.  Jutant  de  tetee  autant  d^opmUms,^- 
Fr.     Qaot  hommee  tot  eententue.—T&rent. 

There  are  more  mares  in  the  wood  than  Grisell. 

You  may  know  by  the  market-folks  how  the  market  goes. 

He  that  cannot  abide  a  bad  market  deserves  not  a  good  one. 

Forsake  not  the  market  for  the  toll. 

No  man  makes  haste  to  the  market  where  there's  nothing  to 

be  bought  but  blows. 

The  mast&r's  eye  makes  the  horse  fat. 

l^oeehio  ddpaSrone  ingraeea  U  eavaUo, — Ital.  Heeil  da  mattre  engraieae  U 
^keval. — Fr.  Kairb  Uipaov  cat  Aifivoc curS^Btrfia  <d  Av  exot,  *0  /u^  ydp 
Ipt^tlOtiQTi  fidKiora  Irrirov  vriaivti,  '0  rov  iiewSrov  6^aXii6c  <^i|*  *0  ii 
^Qvg  ip^TfiQti^  iroia  KOTrpoiapiorri;  rd  rov  iiufchrov  ixvij  e^if.   ArialL 


SKTIBS  8ENTIK0SS.  IIA 

(Stmom,  2.  The  answers  of  Penes  and  Libya  are  worth  obserring.  The 
fbnner  being  asked,  what  was  the  best  thing  to  make  a  horse  fat,  answered, 
the  master's  eye :  the  other  being  demanded,  what  was  the  best  mannre, 
answered  the  mastei^s  footsteps.  Not  imp^tinent  to  this  purpose  is  that 
story  related  by  Gellius.  A  fat  man  riding  upon  a  lean  horse,  was  asked 
how  it  came  to  pass,  that  himself  was  so  fat,  and  his  horse  so  lean.  Ho 
answered.  Because  I  feed  myself,  but  my  serrant  feeds  my  horse. 

That  is  not  always  good  in  the  maw  that  is  sweet  in  the  mouth. 
SaTomy  dishes  often  sit  ill  upon  the  stomach. 

Every  majf  he  hath  a  may  not  be. 
little  m&adf  little  need.     Somers. 
A  mild  winter  hoped  for  after  a  bad  summer. 

Two  ill  meaU  make  the  third  a  glutton. 
Meamrs  ia  a  treasure. 
After  meat  comes  mustard. 
When  there  is  no  more  use  of  it. 

Meat  is  much,  but  manners  is  more. 
Much  wuaiy  much  maladies. 

Surfeithig  and  diseases  often  attend  ftill  tables.  Our  nation  in  former 
times  hath  been  noted  for  excess  in  eating ;  and  it  was  almost  grown  a 
prorerb,  That  Engliahmen  dig  their  graves  with  their  teeth. 

Meat  and  matins  hinder  no  man's  journey. 
In  other  words,  prayers  and  provender,  Ac. 

He  that  will  meddle  with  Ml  things,  may  go  shoe  the  goslins. 
C  e  dm  fare  per  tuitOf  dieeea  eohu  ehefarrava  foeea.     ItaL 

Of  httle  meddling  comes  great  ease. 

'Tis  meny  in  the  hall  when  beards  wag  all. 

When  ail  are  eating,  feasting,  or  making  good  cheer.  By  the  way,  we 
may  note,  that  this  word  cheer,  which  is  paracularly  with  us  applied  tu 
meats  and  drinks,  seems  to  be  derived  from  the  Greek  word  ya^  signifying 
joy :  As  it  doth  also  with  as  in  those  words  cheerly  and  cheenuL 

A  meny  companion  on  the  road  is  as  good  as  a  nag. 
Compagmo  aUegroper  emHmo,  te  eerve  per  nmeimo,    ItaL 

Merry  meet,  merry  part. 

Be  merry  and  wise. 

The  more  the  merrier  ;  the  fewer  the  better  cheer. 

Mmy  is  the  feast-making  till  we  come  to  the  reckoning. 

MieUe  ado,  and  little  help. 

Might  overcomes  right. 

No  nUU,  no  meal. 

'0  fihymv  hUKqv  aX^ira  ^^is.       Qvi  fitgit  molam  fugit  farinam 
Vvr<  /<oc  pikL,  finrt  /AlXirro.  He  that  would  have  honey,  must  have  bec« 

I  2     . 


116  P&OYXBBS  THAT   AJIE 

Eiafmiu  uith,  they  oommonly  say,  He  tliat  would  have  eggi  miut  cndun 
the  caftkling  of  hens.    It  is,  I  suppose,  a  Dutch  proverb. 

Mach  water  goes  by  the  miU  the  miller  knows  not  of. 
Assai  acgua  paua  per  il  ntoUno  ehe  ii  molinaio  non  vede.    ItaL 

An  honest  miller  hath  a  golden  thumb. 
The  Somenetahire  people  reply,  None  but  a  cuckold  can  see  it. 

In  vain  doth  the  mill  clack,  if  the  miller  his  hearing  lack. 
Every  miller  draws  water  to  his  own  miU. 

Am^ner  eau  au  mouUn  ;  or,  Tirer  etm  en  ton  numlm, — Fr.  Tuiti  ttra 
Fac^fua  id  «uo  moUno. — Ital. 

The  horse  next  the  miU  carries  all  the  grist. 
My  mind  to  me  a  kingdom  is. 

A  penny-worth  of  mirth  is  worth  a  poand  of  sorrow. 
Mischiefs  come  by  the  pound,  and  go  away  by  the  ounce. 
/  maU  tei^fono  d  carri  efitggmo  a  onse,     ItaL 

Better  a  mischief  than  an  inconvenience. 

That  is,  better  a  present  mischief  that  is  soon  o?er,  than  a  constant  grief 
and  disturbance.  Not  much  unlike  to  that,  Better  6jre  out  than  always 
aching.  The  French  have  a  proverb  in  sense  contraiy  to  this ;  Ii  femt  ,^ 
laisser  son  enfant  morveux  plutoei  que  hvy  arraeher  le  neg :  Better  let  one's 
child  be  snotty,  than  i)luck  his  nose  off.  Better  endure  some  small  incon- 
venience than  remove  it  with  a  great  mischief. 

Misfortunes  seldom  come  alone. 

The  French  say,  Malheur  ne  went  Jamais  §eui;  One  misfortime  never 
came  alone.  And,  Apresperdre  perd  on  bien  ;  When  one  b^ina  once  to 
lose,  one  never  makes  an  end.  And,  Un  mat  attire  F autre  ;  One  mischief 
dmws  on  another ;  or,  One  mischief  CeJIb  upon  the  neck  of  another.  For- 
tuna  nulH  obesae  amtenta  est  semeL  j 

Misrechming  is  no  payment. 
Misunderstanding  brings  lies  to  town. 

This  is  a  ^ood  observation :  lies  and  false  report  arise  moat  part  from  mis- 
take and  misunderstanding.    The  first  hearer  T"i»tftk^  the  first  reporter  in  I 
some  considerable  circumstance  or  particular ;  the  second  him ;    and  so  at 
the  last  the  truth  is  lost,  and  a  lie  passes  current. 

He  that  hath  no  money  needeth  no  purse. 
Money  will  do  more  than  my  lord's  letter. 
'Tis  money  makes  the  mare  to  go. 

Pecunia  obedhmt  omnia.  'ApyvpfotQ  \orx<i^ei  fi&xov,  &c.  /  danari 
fan  correre  i  cavalli. — Itfd.  Uh  aeno  eargado  de  oro  suie  liyero  jmv  utu 
montaha. — Span. 

Prate  is  but  prate  ;  His  money  buys  land. 
Money  begets  money. 

Danartfanno  danari.     Ital. 
Money  and  friendship  bribe  iustice. 


xirrisB  ssHTSircxfl.  117 

Beanty  is  potent,  bat  money  is  omnipotent. 

Amoarfnt  beaueoi^,  maU  argent  fait  tout.  And,  Amour  fait  rage^ 
mau  eryemt  fait  marriaoe. — Ft.  Loto  makes  rage,  and  money  makes 
msniage. 

God  makes,  and  apparel  shapes,  but  money  makes  the  man. 

Pearnta  Wr.  Xptifiara  hvrip,  7Vm/t  qtuintttm  habea9fU,—llmkJL 
The  8pini8idi  say.  El  dinero  haze  al  hombre  etitero. 

Tell  money  after  your  own  father. 
Money  is  wise,  it  knows  its  own  way.     Somerset 
Sayi  the  poor  man,  that  must  pay  as  soon  as  he  receiyes. 

The  more  Moors  the  better  victory. 

A  iSTing  nsed  by  the  Spaniards,  when  the  Moors  were  in  Spain,  to  ex- 
prosi  toeir  contempt  of  them  when  they  went  to  battle ;  considering,  that 
tbe  greater  their  superiority  in  point  of  numbers,  the  greater  would  be 
their  booty  by  the  conquest.  This  is  parallel  to  our  own  proverb  on 
nndlar  occasions ;  The  more  danger,  the  more  honour. 

Do  as  most  do,  and  fewest  will  speak  evil  of  thee. 
Most  take  all. 
•The  moon^s  not  seen  where  the  snn  shines. 
YoQ  are  mcpe-eyed^  by  living  so  long  a  maid. 
A  morsel  eaten  gains  no  friend. 
Boea^  eomido  no  yana  amigo.    Span. 

A  note  may  choke  a  man. 

A  child  may  have  too  much  of  his  mother* s  blessing. 

Mothers  are  oftentimes  too  tender  and  fond  of  their  chilaren,  who  are 
mned  tnd  spoiled  by  their  cockering  and  indulgence. 

"  If  the  mountain  will  not  go  to  Mahomet,  let  Mahomet  go  to 
the  mountain. 

Si  no  9a  el  otero  a  Mahoma,  vaya  Mahoma  al  otero.  Since  we  cannot 
do  as  we  would,  we  must  do  as  we  can. 

/'The  mouse  that  hath  but  one  hole  is  easily  taken. 

Thito i  fuel topo,  ehe non  hack'  un  sol  pertuggio  per  saharsi, — Ital 
U  nurit  qui  n*a  gu'une  enirie  est  tneonttnent  happ^, — Fr.     Raton  que  ne 
M&e  not  de  un  korado,  presto  le  coge  el  gato. — Span.      Mus  non  uni/idit 
'^tro.    Good  riding  at  two  anchon,  having  two  strings  to  one's  bow.  This 
lentenoe  came  originally  firom  Plautus  in  Truculento,  9.  Erasm.  Adag. 

God  never  sends  mouths,  but  he  sends  meat. 

Thii  prorerb  is  much  in  the  mouth  of  poor  people,  who  get  children,  but 
^  no  care  to  maintain  them.  Rather  it  intimates,  that  God  never  sends 
^luUran,  bat  he  gives  the  parents  the  means  of  providing  for  them. 

f  Mveh  would  have  more. 

I  Multa  petentiius  desunt  multa,    Herat. 

Oteoerunt  et  opes  et  opumfuriosa  Cupido, 
Vi  fuA  postideant  pktrima  ptura  pefanL 


118  PBOTERBS  THAT   ABB 

Sic  quiiut  tntumutt  mffusa  tenter  ab  unda<, 
Quo  phu  lunt  pota  pku  tituuUur  aqua.     Ovid.  F  wc 

Muek  and  money  go  together. 
^  Those  that  are  uoTenly  and  dirty  usually  grow  rich ;  not  they  that  aic 
aloe  and  curious  in  their  oiet,  houses,  and  dothea. 

Murder  will  out. 

This  is  obsenred  yery  often  to  (all  out  in  the  immediate  sense,  as  if  the 
proTidenoe  of  God  were  more  than  ordinarily  manifested  in  such  dis- 
oovcries.  It  is  used  also  to  signify,  that  an^r  knayery  or  crime,  or  the  like, 
will  oome  to  light ;  particularly  murder,,  wmch,  howeyer  secretly  acted,  is 
not  long  conoealed. 

Men  muse  as  they  use ;  meaewre  other  folks  eom  hy  tknr  own 

bushel. 
When  a  musician  hath  forgot  his  note,  he  makes  as  though  a 

cram  stuck  in  his  throat. 

*Airopia  if/dXrov  Bi^C  When  a  singing  num  or  musidan  is  out,  or  at 
a  loss,  to  conceal  it,  he  coughs.  B^(  dvrl  wopiriQ.  ^  Some,  seekiiig  to 
hide  a  scape  with  a  cough,  render  themselyes  doubly  ridiculous. 

When  the  shoulder  of  mutton  is  ^ing,  it  is  good  to  take  a  slice. 
He  loves  mutton  well  that  dips  his  bread  in  the  wool. 

IfdB  me  and  I'll  nab  thee. 

If  one's  name  be  up  he  may  lie  in  bed. 

Qui  a  bruit  de  9e  lever  matin  peut  dormir  jusqu*a  diner. — ^Fr.  Etiom 
trimestres  UberifeHcibus.'^Mibi,  Cobra  buenafama,  y  eekate  a  donmir. 
—Span. 

He  that  hath  an  ill  name^  is  half  hanged. 
The  Spaniards  say,  Quien  lafama  hapertUda  muerto  anda  en  pida, 

A  good  name  is  better  than  riches. 
Mat  vale  el  buen  nombre  que  laa  muchat  riguezas.    Span. 

Take  away  my  good  name^  and  take  away  my  life. 

Naught  is  never  in  danger. 

You  love  to  make  much  of  naught,  (yourself.) 

Necessity  hath  no  law. 

'Avd/cy  oifU  9iol  fiaj^ovrai.     La  neeessUa  noA  ha  kgge. — ItaL    /»> 
gent  tebtm  neeettitat. — Cic.  de  Amic 

Necessity  is  coal-black. 

They  need  much  whom  nothing  will  content. 

Need  makes  the  old  wife  trot. 

Bitognafa  trottar  la  veccAia.— ItaL     Besoign/att  vieUle  trvtfer.-^in 
All  the  same,  word  for  word. 

Need  will  have  its  course. 

Need  makes  the  naked  man  rxm,  [or  the  naked  quean  splu.^ 


nrriBJS  sxirrBifCBfl.  119 

NMm  must  whom  the  devil  driyes. 

The  IteliaiiB  aay,  LaputtamtJUa:  When  neceisity  obliges  any  one  to 
labour. 

A  ffood  net^hbouTf  a  good  morrow. 

Qm  A  ban  voitm  a  bum  mmtim. — Fr.  Cki  ka  emttho  vidno  ka  il  ma% 
wuttima. — Ital.  AUguid  rnali  propter  viemum  maktm. — ^Plaut.  in  Mere, 
n^^  cacoc  yttrittv  5<rov  r^  Aya96c  /liy'  dvtiap. — Hesiod.  Themistocles, 
harmg  a  farm  to  sell,  caused  the  crier,  who  proclaimed  it,  to  add,  that  it  * 
had  a  jood  neighbour :  rightly  jadging,  that  aooh  an  advantage  irotdd 
make  it  more  vendible. 

Ne^hhour-qxiaxt  is  good  quart,  t.  0.  Giffe  gaffe  is  a  good  fellow. 
He  dwella  far  from  neigMoura  [or  hath  iu  neighbours]  that's 

fain  to  praise  himself. 

Prfiftio  lauM  wrdet  tn  ore.  Let  another  man  praise  thee,  and  not  thine 
own  month ;  a  stranger,  and  not  tiiine  own  lips. 

Here*6  talk  of  the  Turk  and  Pope,  but  'tis  my  next  neighbour 

does  me  the  harm. 
Ton  must  ask  your  neighbour  if  you  shall  live  in  peace. 
The  rough  ne^s  not  the  best  catcher  of  birds. 
Ifew  lords,  new  lavrs. 

De  nomretu  eeigneur  mmoetle  meetde, — ^Fr.    ^nBc»o  rty,  wueta  /«y. — Span. 
Every  one  has  a  penny  to  spend  at  a  new  alehouse. 
A  new  broom  sweeps  clean. 
The  night  is  a  cloak  for  sinners. 
He  is  nMe  that  hath  noble  conditions. 
He  that  loves  noise  must  buy  a  pig. 

Qitte»  q¥iert  rugdo,  eonqtre  wa  coeMno,    Span. 

One  may  know  by  your  nose  what  pottage  you  love. 
Every  man's  nose  wiU  not  make  a  shoeing-hom. 
Norn  emoie  komhU  eontinffU  adire  Cormikum,    Horat 

Where  nothing  is,  a  little  doth  ease. 

Where  noihing^s  to  be  had,  the  king  must  lose  his  right. 

A'mM  da  fueUo  ehe  nun  ^.— Ital.  Le  roi  perd  sa  rente  ou  U  n'y  0 
fue  prendre, — Fr. 

Fair  £dl  nothing  once  by  the  year. 

It  may  sometimes  be  better  to  have  nothing  than  something.  So  said 
the  poor  man,  who  in  a  bitter  snowy  morning  could  lie  still  in  his  warm 
6ed ;  whereas  his  neighbours,  who  had  sheep  and  other  cattle,  were  fain  to 
get  np  betimes,  and  go  abroad,  to  look  after  and  secure  them. 

One  year  a  nurse,  and  seven  years  the  worse. 

Beeanse  feeding  well,  and  doing  little,  she  becomes  liquorish,  and  geti  s 
habit  of  idleness. 


120  VB0TZBB8  THAT  ABB 

O. 

Av  unlawful  oath  is  better  broke  than  kept. 

An  oeeoium  lost  cannot  be  redeemed. 

He  that  measureth  oil,  shall  anoint  his  fingers. 
Qui  metwre  fhttik  U  §*eiiami  ie9  mmm,    Fr. 

To  cast  oUiathe  fire  is  not  the  way  to  quench  it* 
Old  age  is  honourable. 
Old  men  are  twice  children. 

Ace  ^aUtc  6*  yipovrcc*  And  that  not  in  respect  of  the  miod  only,  bat 
also  of  the  bodj. 

Old  be,  or  young  die. 

Old  head  and  young  hand.     Somerset. 

Older  and  wiser. 

DiaegnUut  est  prioru  potierior  diet* — Senec.  Nunguam  ita  guisguam 
beni  subduetd  ratume  ad  vitam  fiat,  guin  res,  rntas,  usus  semper  aliguid 
tgifportet  novi,  &c. — Terent.    FfipdeKut  ^  aUi  woXXA  8idanK6fuvo£. 

You  can't  catch  old  birds  with  cha£f. 
jinnosa  vu^s  non  etgntwr  lagueo. 

If  you  would  not  live  to  be  old,  you  must  be  hanged  when  you 

are  young. 
Young  men  may  die,  old  men  must. 
None  so  old  that  he  hopes  not  for  a  year  of  life. 
An  old  ape  hath  an  old  eye. 
An  old  dog  biteth  sore. 

Un  vieU  ehien  Jamais  nejappe  en  vain,    Fr. 

Of  young  men  die  many  ;  of  old  men  escape  not  any. 
De  giovane  ne  maoUmo  moiti,  di  veeehi  ne  scan^  nesswut.    Ital. 

An  old  fox  needs  learn  no  craft. 
Some  say,  Old  foxes  want  no  tutors. 

An  old  sack  wanteth  much  patching. 

Old  men  and  far  travellers  may  lie  by  authority. 

n  a  beau  mentir  gut  vient  de  loin.— Ft,  The  Spaniards  say^  SI  9190  en 
su  tierra,  y  el  mofo  en  la  agena,  mienten  de  una  menera,  Longas  viae, 
longas  mientiras, — Port. 

Better  keep  under  an  old  hedge,  than  creep  under  a  new  furze- 

bush. 
As  the  old  cock  crows,  so  crows  the  young ;  [or,  so  the  young 

learns.] 

Chi  di  gatUna  nasee  eontien  eke  rozole, — ItaL    Some  hate  it. 

The  young  pig  grunts  like  the  old  sow. 

An  old  thief  desires  a  new  halter. 

Old  cattle  breed  not. 
This  I  believe  is  a  true  observation ;  for  prohaUe  it  is,  that  all  terrastrial 


UrriBB  8XNTBVC18.  121 

Mifmih,  both  birds  and  beaste,  have  in  them,  from  the  beginnings,  the  aeedi 
of  all  those  jonnf  they  afterwards  brinf  forth,  which  seeds  (eggs,  if  jrou 
BO  please  to  call  them)  when  they  are  aU  spent,  the  female  becomes  eflete, 
or  ceases  to  breed.  In  birds,  these  seeds  or  eggs  ure  risible ;  and  Van 
Horn  bath  discoTered  them  also  in  beasts. 

An  dd  naaght  will  neyer  be  aught. 
^  An  old  dog  will  learn  no  tricks. 

Tis  all  one  to  physic  the  dead  as  to  instmct  old  men.  Kf  cp^v  iarot^fin 
cai  yipovra  yovBtrtiv  raifrbv  'Ian.  Senit  mutare  linguam^  is  an  aosnrd, 
impossible  thing.  Old  age  is  intractable,  morose,  slow,  and  forgetful.  If 
they  have  been  put  in  a  wrong  way  at  first,  no  hopes  then  of  rednoiug 
them.     Smex  ptiUaeui  negligU  fertdam. 

An  dd  man  is  a  bed  fall  of  bonea. 
The  old  withy  tree  would  have  a  new  gate  hung  at  it. 
An  otf  ox  makes  a  straight  furrow. 
Bmi^  viyo  stUco  derecho,    Span. 

Old  mares  lust  after  new  cruppers. 

Too  much  of  one  thing  is  good  for  nothing. 

That  that's  one  man's  meat's  another  man's  poison. 

Vun  mort  dont  tatUre  vit, — Fr.  Xo  qm  uno  deteeha  otro  to  ruega, — SpaiL 
What  one  man  despises  another  eraves. 

•  Ons  swallow  makes  not  a  spring,  nor  one  woodcock  a  winter. 
This  is  an  ancient  Greek  proTerb.    Arist.  Ethic.  Nicom.  Ub.  1.     Muk 
XcXi^««v  lap  ov  iroiti,     Una  gobndrina  no  haze  verano. — Span. 

One  shoulder  of  mutton  drives  down  another. 
Vappelii  vtmi  en  mangeant.    Fr. 

One  man's  breath's  another  man's  death. 
Ixtqm  et  hiteno  para  d  higado  ee  maio  para  d  ba^o.    Span. 

One  man's  company  is  no  company. 
Gm^pagnia  tP  wio,  cottypagnia  de  niuno,     Ital. 

One  man  may  better  steal  a  horse  than  another  look  over  the 
hedge. 

If  we  once  conceive  a  Rood  opinion  of  a  man,  we  will  not  be  persuaded 
he  doth  anything  amiss ;  out  him  whom  we  have  a  prejudice  against,  we 
are  ready  to  suspect  on  the  slightest  occasion.  Some  have  this  good  for- 
tune, to  nave  all  their  actions  mterpreted  well,  and  their  faults  overlooked ; 
others  to  be  ill  beheld  and  suspected,  even  when  they  are  innocent.  So 
parents  many  times  are  observed  to  have  great  partiality  towards  one  child, 
and  not  to  be  offended  with  him  for  that  which  they  would  severely  punish 
in  their  other  children. 

One  beats  the  bush,  and  another  catcheth  the  bird. 

HhaiU  bmeeon  earn  prendre  FoiatUon. — Fr.  Uno  levanta  la  eafa  y  otre 
k  maia, — Span.  The  Italians  say,  Ipteeiol  canitrovanOf  md  i  grandihanne 
Is  kpre,  AUi  temeniemfaemni,  aUi  metmtem.  Tins  proverb  was  used  by 
Heoiy  the  Fifth  at  the  siege  of  Orleans.     When  the  citizens  besieged  by 


122  PBOTSBBS  THAT  A9B 

fhe  Englith  irould  hate  yielded  up  the  town  to  the  Duke  of  Bargundy, 
who  was  in  the  ^i^lkh  camp,  and  not  to  the  King,  he  said,  "  Shall  I  beat 
the  bosh,  and  another  take  tne  bird  ?  No  inch  matter."  Which  words 
did  80  offend  the  Dnke,  that  he  made  peace  with  the  French,  and  withdrew 
from  the  English. 

One  doth  the  acath,  and  another  hath  the  acorn. 

t.  e.  One  doth  the  harm,  and  another  beazs  the  blame.  Scath  aigmiei 
loM  or  harm. 

It  is  all  ofM  a  hundred  years  hence. 
One  pair  of  heels  is  worth  two  pair  of  hands. 
Mat  vaU  %ma  traapm$ta  que  dot  auomado9.    Span. 

Oppresmn  canaeth  rebellion. 

Opportun/Uiy  makes  the  thief. 

Oecagio  facU  fuirem.  The  Italians  say.  Ad  area  aperta  U  ffnushpteoa. 
Where  a  cheat  lieth  open,  a  righteous  man  may  sin.  The  Spaniards  say, 
Pueria  oHertOy  al  tanto  Henia.  The  open  door  tempts  a  saint.  Therefore, 
masters,  superiors,  and  honsekeepets,  ought  to  secure  their  monies  and 
goods  under  lode  and  key ;  that  tney  may  not  giTC  their  servants,  or  any 
others,  a  temptation  to  st^. 

It  is  good  to  cry  yule  at  other  mens'  costs. 

Tule^that  is,  Christmas.  The  Italians  say,  Ze  fuU  son  UMe  a  cam  ^ 
aUri,    This  rule  the  Spaniard  is  sure  to  keep. 

'Tis  time  to  set  when  the  oven  comes  to  the  dough. 

t.  s.  Time  to  marry  when  the  maid  woos  the  man :  parallel  to  that 
Cheshire  proverb,  It  is  time  to  yoke  when  the  cart  comes  to  the  cities ; 
t.  e,  horses. 

All's  out  is  good  for  prisoners,  but  naught  for  the  eyes. 

'Tis  eood  for  prisoners  to  be  out,  but  bad  for  the  eves  to  be  out  This 
is  a  droll  used  by  good  fellows  when  one  tells  them  all  the  drink  is  out. 

God  sends  us  of  our  own  when  rich  men  go  to  dinner. 

Let  him  that  owns  the  cow  take  her  by  the  tail. 

'Tis  good  christening  a  man's  oum  chQd  first. 

The  ox  when  weariest  treads  surest. 

£oi  loBtua  forUkt  Jtgii  pedem.  Those  that  are  slow  are  sure.  Bl  bmy 
gmtndo  te  cantOjJtrmi  netUa  lapata, — Span. 

P. 

Pain  is  forgotten  where  gain  foUows. 

Great  jMsm  and  little  gain  make^a  man  soon  weary. 

Without  paim  no  gains. 

Dm  laboribtu  omma  ifmdmU.  Came  tern  osio,  j^nveHo  eem  traiaiAo.-^ 
Port.    Qmen  peaet  qmerty  mqfarte  <i«m«— Span.     JVe  e$  tomam  tmekas  a 

jpiamt  are  the  wages  of  ill  pleasures. 


BKTIBB  BUrrJEVOSS.  123 

Tb  good  enongh  for  the  parson  unless  the  parish  was  better. 
It  is  hero  sapposed,  that  if  the  parish  be  yery  bad,  the  panon  must  be  in 
some  fsiiilt :  and  therefore  any  thing  is  eood  enough  for  that  parson  whose 
poishionsn  are  bad,  either  by  reason  of  his  ill  example,  or  tne  neglect  of 
nisdntr. 

• 

YzXpaunehu  make  lean  pates,  &c. 

J^M^Kw  vnUtr  non  gignit  aensum  Unuem,  This  Hierom  mentions  in  one 
of  his  Epistles  as  a  Greek  proyerb.  The  Greek  is  more  elegant  llaxtla 
ya^r^p  Anrrbv  oif  ricrcc  v6ov. 

All  the  honesty  is  in  the  parting. 

Patch  by  patch  is  good  husbandry ;  but  patch  upon  patch  is 

plain  beggary ;  or, 

One  pateh  on  a  knee,  &c. 

Two  patches  on  a  knee,  &c. 

PaticHce  with  poverty  is  all  a  poor  man's  remedy. 

Patience  is  a  plaister  for  all  sores. 

8tUe  deOapatienza  eondisee  (U  iutto.    The  salt  of  patience  seasons  eyery 
thing. 

'Be  patient^  and  you  shall  haye  patient  children. 
PwTs  will  not  always  stand. 
A  fair  pawn  never  ashamed  his  master. 
A  good  paymaster  needs  no  surety ;  or,  starts  not  at  assurances. 
M  bumpagador  no  U  dueUnprendas.    Span. 

Of  an  ill  paymaster  get  what  you  can,  though  it  be  but  a  straw. 
Dd  malpagador  si  qukra  en  p<ya.    Span. 

Once  paid,  never  craved. 

He  that^<^«  last,  never  pays  twice. 

He  that  cannot  pay,  let  him  pray. 

They  take  a  long  day  that  never  ^oy. 

He  that  would  live  in  peace  and  rest,  must  hear,  and-see,  and 

say  the  best. 

Oy,  voy,  et  is  taia,  si  tu  veux  vivre  en  paw, — Fr.  Ode,  veds,  toes,  sS  vttoi 
vker  in  pace. — Ital.  Quanta  sabes  no  diras,  guanto  v4ss  nojwigaras  si  aui' 
tnt  visir  en  pas, — Span. 

Pen  and  ink  is  wit's  plough. 

A  penny  in  my  purse  will  bid  me  drink  when  all  the  friends  I 

have  will  not. 
Peimy  in  pocket's  a  good  companion. 
'iio  penny  no  pater-noster. 
That  penny  is  well  spent  that  saves  a  groat. 

Bmns  la  matOe  qui  sauve  Is  denier, — Fr.    The  halfpenny  is  well  spenl 
tbat  saves  a  penny.    Some  say, 


121  PB0TERB8   THAT  ARB 

H  kprnmif  saved  is  a  penny  got. 

Qnnm  come  y  eondeta  doa  veeea  pane  la  meaa.    Span. 

Penny  and  penny  laid  up  will  be  many. 
In  for  tipmny,  in  for  a  pound. 
IVuo por  unopretopar  cUnto,    Span. 

Who  will  not  keep  a  penny ^  shaU  never  have  many. 
^  The  greatest  warn  10  maide  up  of  pence :   and  he  that  is  prodi^  of  ■ 
little  can  neTor  have  a  jmat  deal :  besides,  by  his  squandering  a  little,  oae 
maj  take  a  scantling  of  his  inclination. 

Perseverance  kills  the  game. 

Near  is  my  petticoat^  but  nearer  is  my  smock. 

Ma  ehemite  nCest  phu  proehe  que  ma  robe, — Fr.  Toeea  piu  la  eamiteia 
eh*  ilgiuppone, — Itcd.  i.  e.  Tunica  paOio  propter,  'Airiurcpov  ^  y6vm 
Kvflliil.'--Theoer,  Some  friends  are  nearer  to  me  than  others :  my  parents 
and  children,  than  my  other  relations ;  those  than  my  neighbours ;  my 
neighbours  than  strangers :  but,  above  all,  I  am  next  to  myseOi  PUtepret 
eet  la  chair  que  la  chemiee, — Fr.  My  flesh  is  nearer  than  my  shirt  Mae 
drca  eeta  la  camiea  que  el  eayo, — Span.    The  shirt  is  nearer  tiian  tlie  eoat 

If  physio  do  not  work,  prepare  for  the  kirk. 

J  m  not  buy  a  pig  in  a  poke. 

N<m  eomprar  gotta  m  eaeeo, — Ital.  The  French  say,  Chat  enpocha  ;  t.  «. 
cat  in  a  poke. 

Pigs  love  that  lie  together. 

A  &miliar  conversation  breeds  friendship  among  them  who  are  of  the 
most  base  and  sordid  natures.* 

When  the  pi^s  proffer'd,  hold  up  the  poke. 

Qiuando  ie  dteren  la  vaquilla  aeude  con  la  eoquilla, — Span.  Never  refuse 
a  good  offer. 

He  that  will  not  stoop  for  a  pin^  shall  never  be  worth  a  point 
He  can  ill  pipe  that  wants  hu  upper  lip. 

In/bmo  caldo  non  pud  ereeeer  heroa. — ItaL  Things  cannot  be  done 
without  necessary  helps  and  instruments. 

No  longer  p^e,  no  longer  dance. 

Pise  not  against  the  wind. 

Chipieda  contra  U  vento  ti  bagna  la  camiecia, — Ital.  He  that  pisseth 
against  tiie  wind  wets  his  shirt.  It  is  to  a  man's  own  prejudice  to  strive 
against  the  stream ;  he  wearies  himself,  and  loses  ground  too.  Chi  eputa 
contra  H  vento  ei  eputa  contra  il  vieo. — ItaL  He  that  spits  against  tlie  wind 
fpits  in  his  own  &oe. 

The  pitcher  doth  not  go  so  often  to  the  water,  but  it  comes 

home  broken  at  last. 

Tant  eouvent  va  lepot  d  Teau  que  fanee  y  deme%ire, — Fr.  Quern  eeept 
traneit  aliquando  invenit, — Sen.  Tnig.  Tantae  vezee  vaio  eantarinho  ifintt 
•t^  que  quihrar, — ^Port.  Cantaro  que  muchae  vesee  fa  a  lafuente  algunm  «» 
eehade  quebrar» — Span. 


£»TIBS  8ENTKSCI8.  125 

Foolish  piiy  spoilB  a  city 

Plain  dealing's  a  jewel ;  but  they  that  use  it  die  beggars. 
He  plm/8  well  that  wios. 
As  good  play  for  nothing  as  work  for  nothing. 
He  that  plays  more  than  he  sees,  forfeits  his  eyes  to  the  king. 
rU  not  play  with  you  for  shoe  buckles. 
He  had  need  rise  betimes  that  would  please  every  body. 
He  that  would  please  all,  and  himself  too,  undertakes  what  he 
cannot  do. 

Ovik  yap  6  Zc^c  ovff  Ga»y  vavra^  avMvii  ovr'  dirixuv.    Theogn. 

Pleating  ware  is  half  sold. 

Choae  qui  plait  est  d  demi  vendu. — Fr.    Mnreemtia  the  piaee  i  nmza  «m 
cArfo.— Ital. 

The  devil  is  good  when  he  \b  pleased. 
CatUa  Martha  dapuee  de  harta.     Span. 

Plenty  makes  dainty. 

The  plough  goes  not  well  if  the  ploughman  holds  it  not. 

He  that  by  the  plough  would  thrive,  himself  must  either  hold 

or  drive. 
There  belongs  more  than  whistling  to  going  to  plough, 
A  man  mxat  plough  with  such  oxen  as  he  hath. 
He  is  poor  indeed  that  cannot  promise  nothing. 
Poor  folks  are  glad  of  pottage. 
Poor  and  proud  !     Fy,  fy ! 
The  devil  wipes  his  tail  with  the  poor  man's  pride. 
A  poor  man's  table  is  soon  spread. 
Possession  is  eleven  points  of  the  law ;  and  they  say  there  are 

hut  tweke. 
If  you  drink  in  your  pottage,  you'll  cough  in  your  grave. 
When  poverty  comes  in  at  the  doors,  love  leaps  out  at  the 

windows. 
Plain  of  poverty,  and  die  a  beggar. 
Poverty  parteth  good  fellowship. 
Poverty  breeds  strife.     Somerset. 
M  Pour  not  water  on  a  drowned  mouse. 

i,  e.  Add  not  affliction  to  misery. 

Prayers  and  provender  hinder  no  man's  journey. 

They  shall  have  no  more  of  qvlt  prayers  than  we  of  their  pies, 

(quoth  the  Yicar  of  Layton.) 
He  that  would  learn  to  pray,  let  him  go  to  sea. 

&'  ftures  aprender  a  crary  entra  no  mar.— Port.     Qvt  teul  apprt^^e  ■ 


193  PBOTEBBS  THJLT  ABE 

f^ntTf  mO$  90t»9mt  iur  la  mer, — Ft,     Quim  no  tnira  tn  la  mar,  na  ao&f  d 
JMoi  ro^at. — Spui. 

.iW^iipMM  makes  no  pottage. 
^FHde  viU  have  a  faU. 
"^I^ride  feels  no  cold. 
Some  say,  pain. 

I^rid$  goes  before,  and  sbame  follows  after. 

*Ti8  an  ill  prdceuion  where  the  devil  carries  the  cross. 

There's  nothing  agrees  worse,  than  a^oiM^mind  and  a  beggar's 

purse. 
As  pr<md  come  behind  as  ^o  before. 

A  man  may  be  humble  tbat  u  in  high  estate ;  and  people  of  mean  con- 
dition may  be  aa  proud  aa  the  highest 

*TiB  good  beating  protid  folks,  for  they'll  not  complain. 
The  priest  forgets  that  he  was  clerk. 

Proud  upstarts  remember  not  the  meanness  of  their  former  condition. 
The  Spaniards  say,  No  oe  aeuerda  la  tuegrct,  qmfite  nuera.  The  mother- 
in-law  does  not  remember  she  was  a  daughter-in-law. 

He  that  pryeth  into  every  cloud,  may  be  stricken  with  a  thun- 
der-bolt. 
Froffinr'd  service  [and  such  ware]  stinks. 

MerxuHroneapfUet. — Hieronym.  Erasmus  saith,  Qum  vnbo  otiam  m 
on  ettfUUrodelaiumobsequiumplerumaue  ingratum  esse.  So  tnal  it  seems 
this  proverb  is  in  use  among  the  Dutcn  too.  Men^andite  oferU  ut  a  dtad 
9mthie, — Fr.  Ware  that  is  proffered,  is  sold  for  half  the  worth,  or  at  half 
the  price. 

All  promtsss  are  either  broken  or  kept. 
This  is  a  flam  or  droll,  used  by  them  that  break  their  word. 

The  proper&r  man  [and  so  the  honester]  the  worse  luck. 
Aux  bona  metehot  iL    Fr. 

Better  some  of  a  pudding  than  none  of  a  pie. 
£  mogUo  dga  eiga  eke  miga  miga,    ItaL 

There's  no  deceit  in  a  bag  jm^fi^. 

v^      The  proof  of  the  pudding  is  in  the  eating. 

PuU  hair  and  hair,  and  you'll  make  the  carle  bald. 

Camd0  pUoa  minm  pauUxAm  veUere,  There  is  a  notable  story  of  Scr* 
torius,  mentioned  by  Plutarch  in  his  life.  He,  to  persuade  his  soldiers  that 
counsel  was  more  available  than  strength,  causes  two  horses  to  be  brought 
out ;  the  one  poor,  and  lean ;  the  other  strong,  and havinga bushy  taiL 
To  the  poor  i^mk  horse  he  sets  a  great  strong  voung  man.  To  the  strong 
horse  he  sets  a  little  weak  fellow,  each  to  pluck  off  his  horse's  tail.  Thiff 
latter,  pulling  the  hairs  one  by  one,  in  a  short  space  got  off  the  whole  tail : 
whereas  the  young  man,  catching  all  the  tail  at  once  in  his  hands,  fell  a 
tuffginff  with  all  bis  mif  ht,  labouring  and  sweating  to  little  purpose :  till 
atlastiLe  tired,  and  made  himself  ridiculous  to  all  the  company. 


XKTIBB  BXKTSirOXB.  127 

Like  jnmuhment,  and  equal  pain,  both  key  and  keyhole  do 

maintain. 
Let  yovff  purse  be  your  master. 

Metae  U»m  propria  vipt. 

Keep  your  jMfTM  and  your  month  dose. 

All  is  not  won  that  is  put  in  the  purse. 

He  that  shows  his  purse,  longs  to  be  rid  of  it. 

Be  it  better,  or  be  it  worse,  be  rul*d  by  him  that  bears  thejnrM. 

That's  but  an  empty  jmitm  that  is  full  of  other  mens'  money. 

•  You  cannot  make  a  purse  of  a  sow's  ear. 
Jk  ru^  ptmo  mmca  buen  §afo»    Span. 

Q. 
Tetee  ia  no  quenching  of  fire  with  tow. 

Q^iek  at  meat,  quick  at  work. 

Botme  bete  ^e$ehauft  en  mamgemt, — ^Fr.     A  good  beast  wiU  get  himself 
an  heat  with  eating.    Eardi  gagntwr,  hardi  numgeur, — Fr. 

We  must  Hye  by  the  quieh^  and  not  by  the  dead. 

Any  thing  for  a  quiet  Ufe. 

Next  to  love,  quietness. 

R. 

Small  rain  lays  great  dust. 

Pigtiiepbiff  abat  grtmd  vent  Small  rain,  or  a  little  rain,  lays  a  great 
wind. — i^,    Hedolapioffffiafa  eesaar  gran  tmto, — ItaL 

After  rain  comes  fair  weathsr. 

Raise  no  more  spirits  than  you  can  conjure  down. 

Thou  art  a  bitter  bird,  said  the  raven  to  the  starling. 

Raw  leather  will  stretch. 

There's  reason  in  roasting  of  eggs. 
JSitmodtu  m  rebut. 

No  receiver,  no  thief. 

The  receiver  is  as  bad  as  the  thief. 

'Aftfortooi  kXwitic  gal  6  Si^dfAivoQ,  Kai  b  cXl^ac. — Fhoe^L  Eeeipe 
teribey  terihe  toke,    A  good  role  for  stewaida. 

w  He  that  reckons  without  his  host,  must  reckon  again. 

di/d  eonio  aenza  f  hoeUyJa  eonto  due  votte. — ItaL  Qui  eompte  tone  earn 
bode,  u  lui  eonvierU  compter  deuxfoi8,-—¥T, 

E?en  reckoning  keeps  long  friends. 

Some  aay,  Short  reckoning  make  long  frienc's.  A  vieux  oomptee  namvellee 
^tputet,-^FT,  Old  reckonings  breed  new  disputes  or  qnarrels.  Qmti 
tpato  i  amieiUa  longa.-'ltaL  The  Italians  also  say,  Qmti  skiari  amiei 
Mi    CfueiUa  p  razon  euetenta  amtt<a<f.— Span. 

Ke?er  refuse  a  good  offer. 


128  PB0TBBB8  THAT  A&l 

If  I  had  rweng'd  all  wrong,  I  had  not  worn  my  skirts  so  long. 

Soon  ripey  soon  rotten. 

Cito  mahtrum  eito  ptUridum,  OtU  p%ierulum  or&eoei  sapimUut, — ^ApiiL 
It  is  oommonly  held  an  iU  sign,  for  a  child  to  be  too  forward  and  rife- 
witted,  Tiz.  either  to  betoken  prematoie  death,  according  to  that  motto  I 
nave  somewhere  seen  under  a  coat  of  arms, 

Is  cadit  ante  aenem  qui  sapit  ante  diem  ; 
or  to  betoken  as  early  a  decay  of  wit  and  parts.    As  trees  that  bear  double 
flowers,  yiz.  cherries,  peaches,  &c.  bring  forth  no  fruit,  but  spend  aU  in  the 
blossom.    Wherefore,  as  another  proTerb  hath  it,  it  is  better  to  knit  than 
blossom.     iV<8«to  maturoy  praeto  tnarso. — ItaL 

Why  should  a  rich  man  steal  ? 

Men  use  to  worship  the  rising  sun. 

Fluree  adorant  eolent  orimtem  guam  occidentem.  They  that  are  young 
and  rising,  haye  more  followers  than  they  that  are  old  and  decaying.  This 
consideration,  it  is  thought,  withheld  Queen  Elizabeth,  a  prudent  princeaB» 
from  declaring  her  successor. 

Airs  lost  that's  put  in  a  riven  dish. 

All  is  lost  that  is  bestowed  upon  an  ungrateful  person ;  he  remembers  no 
courtesies.    Ferit  quod  facia  ingraio,    Seneca. 

He  loves  roast-meat  well  that  licks  the  spit. 

Many  talk  of  Robin  Mood  that  never  shot  in  his  how. 

And  many  talk  of  little  John,  that  never  did  him  know. 
Tales  of  Robin  Hood  are  good  enough  for  fools. 

That  is,  many  talk  of  things  which  they  have  no  skill  m,  or  experience 
of.  Robert  Hood  was  a  famous  robber  in  the  time  of  King  Richard  the 
First :  his  principal  haunt  was  about  Shirewood  Forest,  in  Nottingham- 
shire. Camden  calls  him  PtxBdonem  mitiesimum.  Of  his  stolen  goods  he 
afforded  good  pennyworths.  Lightly  come,  lightly  go.  MoUi  parkm  <ft 
Orlando  chi  non  viddero  mai  wo  orando, — Ital.  Jxon  omnes  qui  eithtaram 
tenent  eitharadi. 

Spare  the  rod,  and  spoil  the  child. 
A  rogwf%  wardrobe  is  harbour  for  a  louse. 
When  rogvss  fall  out,  honest  men  come  by  their  own. 
Felean  lot  ladrones  g  deaeubrenee  loa  hurtoa.    Span. 

A  rolling  stone  gathers  no  moss. 

Saxum  voUUum  non  obdueitur  muaeo.  AlOoQ  Kv\ivB6fuvoQ  rb  ^coc  oi 
irotii.  Fieira  moaaa  non  fa  muachio. — ItaL  Or,  Fietra  ehe  rotola  non  pigUa 
ruggine.  La  pierre  aouvent  remuee  n*  amaaae  pas  volontiera  mouaae, — Fr. 
To  which  is  parallel  that  of  Quintus  Fabius.  Flanta  qua  atqnua  tranafertur 
non  eoaleaeit.    A  plant  often  remoTed,  cannot  thrive. 

Rome  was  not  built  in  a  day. 

No  ae  gano  Zamora  en  una  hora. — Span.  Romen*  a  eat^haaH  tout  en  urn 
hur, — Fr.  And  Orard  bien  ne  vient  pae  en  peu  d*  heuree.  A  great 
state  is  not  gotten  in  a  few  hours.  De  un  eolo  go^  no  ee  derrueeu  as 
wile, — Span. 


fiMTI&K  SXKTXVCSS.  120 

Smakt  not  a  rope  in  his  house  that  hanged  himself. 
ft  me  fmU  ptm  parUr  de  eorde  dona  la  mauon  eT  urn  ptmbu    Kr. 

"  No  roM  without  a  thorn. 
Nmiki  ett  rineera  volt^ia*. 

The  fairest  rMs  at  last  is  withered. 
For  the  rase  the  thorn  is  often  plucked. 
Per  la  roM,  ^euo  ii  epm  «e  eoffSe.     ItaL 

At  a  round  table  there's  no  dispute  of  place. 

This  deseires  not  a  place  amonff  proYerbs ;  yet,  becaiue  I  find  it  both 
among  our  English  collections,  ana  likewise  the  French  and  Italian,  I  hare 
Ut  it  pass.  A  iatfola  ronda  non  ei  eontende  del  bioeo. — ItaL  Eonde  table 
6te  le  dekat.^Fr. 

He  may  ill  run  that  cannot  go. 

He  that  runs  fastest  gets  most  ground. 

He  that  runt  fastest  gets  the  ring.     Shakespeare. 

There  is  no  general  rule  without  some  exception. 

S. 
Set  the  eaddle  on  the  right  horse. 

This  proTerb  may  be  rarioasW  applied :  either  thus,  Let  them  bear  the 
blame  that  deserve  it :  or  thus,  Let  them  bear  the  burden  that  are  best  able. 

Where  saddles  do  lack,  better  ride  on  a  pad  than  the  bare 
horse-back. 

Atvripo^  irXovc. 

Sadness  and  gladness  succeed  each  other. 

'Tis  hard  to  sail  o'er  the  sea  in  an  egg-shell. 

A  good  salad  is  the  prologue  to  a  bad  supper.     Ital. 

There's  a  sahe  for  every  sore. 

J  opu  eota  €  rimediojuora  eh'  alia  morie, — Ital.  There's  a  remedy 
for  eTeiy  thing  but  death. 

Save  something  for  the  man  that  rides  on  the  white  horse. 

For  old  age,  wherein  the  head  grows  white.  It  is  somewhat  a  harsh 
metaphor  to  compare  age  to  a  horse. 

Some  savers  in  a  house  do  well. 
A  good  saver  is  a  good  server.     Somerset. 
Every  penny  that's  saved  is  not  gotten. 
Of  saving  cometh  having. 
Learn  to  say  before  you  sing. 

He  that  would  sail  without  danger,  must  never  come  on  the 
main  sea. 
<«  Saying  and  doing  are  two  thinn. 

Dm  dirt  oafaH  y  a  greaid  Irai/.— -Fi.    P»iifeiMr  9tfio>  vemdn  ttnagre. 


130  fBOTEBBS  THAT  AWt 

Say  well,  and  do  well,  end  with  one  letter. 

Say  well  is  good,  but  do  well  ia  better. 
One  scabbed  sheep  will  mar  a  whole  flock. 

Unapecora  h^etia  »'  ammorba  una  setia. — Ital.     //  tie  fnJ  fs' 
brebii  ropteute  pour  g&ter  tout  ie  /retyMOtt.— Fr.     The  Spamards  wj,  A 
pmereo  9anuuo  rebuelve  la  pocUga. 

Qrex  totuM  in  agrit  unhu  Mcabie  cadit 
St  poarrigine  porei^—JufenaL 

A  iealded  cat  fears  cold  water. 

Can  teottato  d*  aequa  eaida  ha  paura  pot  deBa  fitdda, — Ital.  Ckat 
mehaudi  eramt  P  eaujroide, — Fr.  Gato  esealdado  da  agoafria  ha  mado. 
— Port.     Qmi*  semel  ett  UuuafaUad  pitcia  ad  hamo, 

A  aeoTd  head  ia  soon  broken. 
Huomo  oBioUato  k  maxxo  pruo.    Ital. 

A  iedPd  horse  is  good  enough  for  a  scabb'd  squire. 
Dignwm  patelid  operculum. 

Among  the  common  people  Scoggin  is  a  doctor. 

'Ev  ayiovooiQ  Kai  KSpwoQ  ^9iyytrau  Ett  autem  corydut  viHof.mum 
aneula  gemu  minimeque  eanorum. 

Who  more  ready  to  call  her  neighbour  scold,  than  the  arrantest 

scold  in  the  parish  ? 
Scorning  is  catching. 

He  that  aconu  any  condition,  action,  or  emplo3rment,  may  come  to  bi^ 
nay,  often  is,  driven  upon  it  himself.  Some  word  it  thus :  Hanging^s 
stretching ;  mocking^s  catching. 

Scratch  my  breech,  and  Til  claw  your  elbow. 

Muluum  muli  scabunt.    Ka  me,  and  I'll  ka  thee.    When  undeserving 
persons  commend  one  another.    Mamtt  manum  Jricat,  and  Afanui 
iavaiy  differ  not  much  in  sense. 

Praise  the  sea,  but  keep  on  land. 
Loda  U  mare  i  tieuti  d  terra.     Ital. 

The  second  blow  makes  the  fray. 
Seldom  seen,  soon  forgotten. 
Seeing  is  believing. 

Chi  eon  tocchio  vede,  col  cuor  crede,    ItaL 

Seek  till  you  find,  and  you'll  not  lose  your  laboTur. 

Seldom  comes  a  better. 

To  see  it  rain  is  better  than  to  be  in  it. 

The  self-edge  makes  show  of  the  cloth. 

Self  do,  self  have. 

Self-love's  a  mote  in  every  man's  eye. 

Service  is  no  inheritance. 

'Tia  a  shame  to  steal,  but  a  worse  to  carry  homAi 


SKTIOX  SEyiieKOXS.  ISl 

SkameJsu  craving  muBt  have  shameful  nay.  I 

^  ban  demamdeur  ban  r^fiueur.    Fr. 
Share  and  share  alike  ;  some  all,  some  ne'er  a  white. 
A  barber  learns  to  ihave  by  shaving  foob. 

j4  harbe  defol  am  apj^rend  a  rairt. — Fr.  A  la  barda  ds  pazzit  Ubarbier 
iw^ara  a  radere. — Ital.  fie  u  a  fool  that  will  suffer  a  young  beginner  to 
practifle  first  upon  Mm.  Ev  capi  KivSvyo^.  The  same  may  be  understood 
of  a  snzgeon  or  physician.  In  eapite  orpkani  dUcU  ehirurgut, — Prov. 
Arab. 

'Tis  ill  shaving  against  the  wool. 

He  tliat  makes  himself  a  sheep  shall  be  eaten  by  the  wolf. « 

Ckipeeora  ti/a  ii  hipo  la  fiuni^.— Ital.  Qui  »e  fait  brebia  le  hup  te 
wtwtge. — Fr.  He  that  is  gentle,  and  puts  up  with  affronts  and  injuries,  shall 
be  sure  to  be  loaden.  Veterem  ferendo  wyuriam  invitat  novam. — Terent. 
Pottjbiia  eadunt  arboret. — ^Plaut  The  Spaniards  say,  Haz4o9  mUi,  y 
eomeroe  Men  moteas. 

Shear  sheep  that  have  them. 

The  difference  is  wide  that  the  sheets  will  not  decide. 

Hang  him  that  hath  no  shifts. 

A  good  shift  may  serve  long,  bat  it  will  not  serve  ever. 

HsDg  him  that  hath  no  shift,  and  him  that  hath  one  toe  many. 

»SA n  luck's  good  luck. 

The  wearer  best  knows  where  the  shoe  wrings  him. 
Cadm  WM  s&be  ademde  la  cprieta  el  figMto,    Span 

i  Every  shoe  fits  not  every  foot 

It  u  therefore  an  absurd  application,  Emndem  ealceum  omnipedi  mduere. 
Or,  Eodem  ealfyrio  ommbut  mederi. 

Who  goes  worse  shod  than  the  shoe-maker's  wife  ?  or. 
Who  goes  more  bare  than  the  shoe-maker's  wife  and  the 
smith's  mare  ? 

The  shoe  will  hold  with  the  sole. 
La  suola  tien  eon  la  soarpa. — Ital.    t.  e.  The  sole  holds  with  the  shoe. 

E?ery  man  will  shoot  at  the  enemy,  but  few  will  go  to  fetch 

the  shaft. 

\  Keep  thy  shop,  and  thy  shop  will  keep  thee. 
Qaifli  tiene  tienda,  que  atienda.    Span. 

,  Short  and  sweet. 

Sermamsprolixitasfastidiota.    Cognat  h  FifliiK». 

I  Short  acquaintance  brings  repentance. 

A  thort  horse  is  soon  curried. 
I     A  pieeudfitmo  poea  legna  basta,    ItaL 

Elwrt  shooting  loses  the  game. 


I 


132  PB0TZRB8  THAT  ARX 

8hoH  pleasure,  long  lament. 

De  court  platir  bmg  rtpentir,    Fr. 

A  ihort  man  needs  no  stool  to  giye  a  great  lubber  a  box  on  the 

ear. 
A  sharp  stomach  makes  short  deyotion. 
NeYer  sigh,  but  send. 
Out  of  sight,  out  of  mind. 

This  18, 1  suppose,  also,  a  Dutch  pTOTerb;forEranniis  saith,  Jam  omniiiu 
Cn  ore  e§t,  qm  iemoiuM  tit  ab  oeuUt  etmdem  quoque  ab  animo  semotum  esse. 
Abtent  tueret  non  erit,  Tho  Spaniards  say,  Q»an  kxot  de  qjoe^  imn  lesm 
eorafon. 

Silence  is  consent. 

Chi  tace  aynfeua. — Ital.  'Auri  Zl  rh  <nyav  dfioXoyovvrSs  ivri  aov. — 
Euripid.  Qui  taeet  conaentire  videiur,  v%guiunt  Jurie  eoneuUi.  Asttz 
content  gm  ne  mot  dit. — Fr. 

He  that  is  silent  gathers  stones. 

Quien  collar  piedrae  apahd.    If  a  man  says  Uttle,  he  thinks  the  more. 

White  silver  draws  black  lines. 

No  silver,  no  serrant. 

The  Swiss  hare  a  proverh  among  themaelres  parallel  to  this ;  Point  dT 
argent,  point  de  Smtee.  No  money,  no  Swiss,  fhe  Swiss  for  money  will 
senre  neighbouring  princes  in  their  wars,  and  are  as  fiunous  in  our  days  for 
mercenary  soldiers  as  were  the  Carians  of  old. 

Who  doth  sing  so  merry  a  note  as  he  that  cannot  change  a 
groat  ? 
Caniabit  vacuus  eordm  latrone  viator. 

The  brother  had  rather  see  the  sister  rich  than  make  her  so. 
As  good  sit  still  as  rise  up  and  fall. 
If  the  sky  falls  we  shall  catch  larks. 

Se  rouindete  il  cielo  ei  pigUarebbon  di  molti  ueeeOi, — Ital.  Si  le  del 
tomboit  lee  caiiiee  eeroient  prieee. — Fr.  Si  el  cielo  ee  eae,  pararle  laa  manoe, 
— Span. 

It  is  good  to  sleep  in  a  whole  skin. 

Sloth  is  the  key  to  poverty. 
Pereza  Uave  depobreza.    Span. 

The  sluggards  guise,  Loth  to  go  to  bed,  and  loth  to  rise. 
Sliits  are  good  enough  to  make  slovens'  pottage. 
A  small  sum  will  serve  to  pay  a  short  reckoning. 
A  small  pack  becomes  a  small  pedlar. 
Petit  merciert  petit  panier. — Fr.  A  ehicopaxarUlo,  ekiconidello. — Span. 

Better  are  small  fish  than  an  empty  dish. 
The  emoke  follows  the  fair. 
No  smoke  without  some  fire. 

There  is  bo  itrtmg  rumour  without  some  ground  for  iu    Cognaias 


XKTiBs  BiirnsirGiB.  133 

t&tlk  it  imoiig  hiB  Latin  pTorerbs,  Son  eit  fiamu  absque  igne  g  though  ijt 
be  no  andent  one.  CerctUe  anda  el  kumo  trot  la  llama.—SftaL  TLa 
smoke  ig  near  the  flame. 

SnotUf  folks  are  sweet,  bat  slayering  folks  are  weet 

Others  have  it, 
SlareiiDg  folks  kiss  sweet,  but  snotty  folks  are  wise. 
Ride  softly,  that  we  may  come  sooner  home. 
Soft  fire  makes  sweet  malt. 
Something  hath  some  savour. 
Soon  hot,  soon  cold. 

Sorrow,  and  an  evil  life,  maketh  soon  an  old  wife. 
Sorrow  comes  unsent  for. 
Mala  uUro  adnmt. 

Sorrow  will  pay  no  debt. 

Sorrow  is  always  dry. 

A  fat  sorrow  is  better  than  a  lean  one. 

Dueht  can  pan  ton  m^nos, — Span.    Afflictions  without  want  an  toler- 
able. 

A  t — d's  as  good  for  a  sow  as  a  pancake. 

TVioe  aima  mieux  bran  que  roses.— hr.     No  es  la  mielpara  la boea  del 
<no.— Span.    i.  e.  Good  things  are  not  fit  for  fools. 

Every  sow  to  her  own  trough. 

Coda  eamero  de  supie  euelga, — Span.    Every  man  should  support  him- 
self, and  not  hang  upon  another. 

In  9p(ue  comes  grace. 

Better  spared  than  ill  spent. 

Better  spare  at  the  brim  than  at  the  bottom. 

Better  be  finogal  in  youth,  than  he  reduced  to  the  necessity  of  being 
aring  in  age. 

Ever  spare,  and  ever  bare. 

What  the  good-wife  spares  the  cat  eats. 

'Tis  too  late  to  spare  when  the  bottom  is  bare. 

Sera  infimdo  partimonia. — Seneca,  Epist  1.      Ativi^  d'  Ivi  wvBuib 
^i^w.— Hesiod. 

Spare  to  speak,  and  spare  to  speed. 
Poreoperiloto  non  numgiapera  matura, — ^ItaL  The  bashful  hogeati  no 

npepeais. 

^i  fair,  and  think  what  you  will. 
He  that  speaks  lavishly  shall  hear  as  knavishly. 
Qinper^  ea  pue  tndt  diceref  ea  gum  non  vult  audiet,    Tereat. 

ToQ  ^peak  in  clusters ;  you  were  got  in  nutting. 
^'^■2b  com  setepedras  na  mab.    Port. 


134  PB0TXBB8  THAT   ABE 

Speak  when  you  are  spoke  to  ;  come  when  you  are  caQed. 
Ad  emuiUum  ne  aecettarig  amie^vam  voter  ia. 

Great  spenden  are  bad  lenders. 
Spend,  and  God  will  send. 

A  gui  ekapon  mangt  ehtg^cvi  §m  vim/.— Fr.    He  that  eati  good  meat 
shall  hare  good  meat. 

Spend  not  where  yon  may  save ;  spare  not  where  yon  muat  spend. 
'  A  man  cannot  spin  and  reel  at  the  same  time. 

You  must  spoil  before  you  spin. 

That  is  well  spoken  that  is  well  taken. 
'  The  worst  spoke  in  a  cart  breaks  first. 

No  sport,  no  pie. 

Sport  is  sweetest  when  no  spectators. 

Do  not  spur  a  free  horse. 

Non  opus  admuso  subdert  ealear  eguo.—Ovid,    CmaUo  que  diwfa,  «• 
piiere  etpueia. — Span. 

A  spur  in  the  head's  worth  two  in  the  heel. 
'Tis  a  bad  stake  will  not  stand  one  year  in  the  hedge. 
Nothing  stake,  nothing  draw. 
Standing  pools  gather  filth. 
StanderS'Oy  see  more  than  gamesters. 
Phts  m  alieno  gudm  m  sua  nt^Uio  videni  hemmes. 

Steal  the  horse,  and  carry  home  the  bridle. 

He  that  will  steal  an  egg  will  steal  an  ox. 

He  that  will  steal  a  pin  will  steal  a  better  thing. 

When  the  steed  is  stolen  the  stable  door  shall  be  shut 

Serrar  la  tiaUa  guando  t'  hanperduii  i  buovi. — ItaL  M  ett  tenyiM  4e 
^ermer  Fetable  guemd  let  ehevaux  en  sont  allea. — Fr.  Detpttes  de  ydo  el 
eon^o,  totnamoi  el  cont^o, — Span. 

M«rd  iroXtfiov  17  (rvii^a^ca. 

Quandoguidem  aeeepto  daudenda  estjanua  damno, — Jut.  Sat  13. 

Sero  elj/pemm  post  vulnera  sumo.  — Orid. 

UpofirjOfUQ  Itrri  fiirn  to.  wpdy/iara. — Lucian. 

The  Italians  also  say,  Del  senno  dipoi,  n*  i  pieno  ogmfiseo.    ETery  ditch 

is  full  of  your  after- wits. 

filessed  be  St.  Stephen  ;  there's  no  fast  upon  his  eyen. 

He  that  will  not  go  over  the  stUe  must  be  thrust  through  the 

gate. 
The  stUl  sow  eats  up  all  the  draught. 

This  is  a  Dutch  proTerb.    StiUe  teugen  eten  a/  hei  dnff  cp. 

Whoso  lacketh  a  stocky  his  gain's  not  worth  a  chip. 
My  bon,  buy  no  stocks. 
Good  ooonsel  at  Gleek. 


SKTIAB  8S5TSNCX8.  135 

Store  is  no  sore. 

He  mast  stoop  that  hath  a  low  door. 

After  a  storm  comes  a  cahn. 

Doppo  U  caitivo  ne  vten  U  buon  ten^, — ItaL    Jpre»  la  phae  vimi  k 
iemi  teatpg. — ^Fr. 

No  Mtriving  against  the  stream. 

Contra  torrentem  niii,    IIp^c  xivrpa  \aKri}^iiv. 
Stulttu  ab  obliquo  qui  cum  ditcedere  potni, 
Fugnat  m  advenoi  ire  natator  aquas. — Oyid. 

Of  sufferance  comes  ease. 

That  suit  is  best  that  best  fits  me. 

No  tunshwe  but  hath  some  shadow. 

Put  a  stool  in  the  sun,  when  one  knave  rises  another  comes, 

viz,  to  place  of  profit. 
They  that  walk  much  in  the  sun  will  be  tanned  at  last. 

Sure  bind  sure  find. 
Bom  guet  chasn  mal  aventure.—Tr.    Abundant  cautela  non  nueal. 

If  you  swear,  you'll  catch  no  fish. 
Cki  dorme  non  piglia  pegee,    ItaL 

No  sweet  without  some  sweat. 
Nul  pain  sans  peine.    Fr . 

Sweet  meat  must  have  sour  sauce. 
The  ItalianB  say,  Se  a  mangiaie  le  eandele  ora  caga  gH  BtoppkM. 

He  must  needs  ewirn  that*s  held  up  by  the  chin. 
Cekupeut  hardimeni  nager  a  qui  Von  so&tient  le  menton,    7r. 

Pot  not  a  naked  sword  in  a  madman's  hand. 
Hipuero  gkuUum.    For  they  will  abuse  it  to  their  own.  and  othen^  hann. 

He  that  strikes  with  the  sword  shall  be  beaten  with  the  scabbard. 
Sweep  before  your  own  door. 

T. 
Make  not  thy  ta^  broader  than  thy  wings. 

t.  e.  Keep  not  too  many  attendants. 
Who  depends  upon  another  man's  table  often  dines  late. 

iktper  man  d^aUri  eHmboeca  tardi  satdlla,    ItaL 

A  taHor's  shreds  are  worth  the  cutting. 

Nine  tailors  make  but  one  man. 

Good  taJce  heed  doth  surely  speed. 

A  good  tale,  ill  told,  is  marred  in  the  telling. 

One  tale  is  good  'till  another  is  told.  ^  ......    ^ 

Therefore  a  good  judge  ought  to  hear  both  parties.     Qw  ttatutt  aUqtkC 
^ie  inaudiiu  alterd,  asqmtm  licet  atatuerit,  haud  aquua  «/.— Sen. 


136  P&0TEBB8  THAT   AJtl 

The  ^atest  taUcers  are  always  the  least  doers. 

*0v  \6yufy  dtirat  *EXXac  ^X'  cpyw*  Non  verbis  ted/aetia  npm  mt. 
Nee  nuM  dieere  pramptum^  nee  faeere  e$t  ittL — Ond.  VerbtL  im^pnriat 
Hermodorofl.  The  SpanianlB  say,  Mandar  poirot,  p  darpocoe.  t.  e.  To 
promise  much,  and  perform  little. 

I  talk  of  chalk,  and  you  of  cheese. 

lo  a  domando  danari  etumi  riapondi  eoppe.    ItaL 

Talk  is  but  talk ;  but  'tis  money  that  buys  land. 
Amour  fait  beauooup^  mait  argent  fait  tout.    Tr. 

He  teaeheth  ill  who  teacheth  all. 

Nothing  dries  sooner  than  tear*, 
Nientepiu  totio  »e  aeeea  ehe  lagrime,    Ital. 

When  I  have  thatohsd  his  house  he  would  throw  me  down. 

"Riiiata  trt  KVpivrfv  Kai  cif  fivBiaai  pk  OIXci^.  I  hare  taught  thee 
to  diye,  and  thou  aeekest  to  drown  me. 

He  that  thatehea  his  house  with  t^-d,  shall  have  more  teachers 

than  reachers. 
Set  a  thief  to  take  a  thief. 

Some  say,  Set  a  fool  to  catch  a  fooL 

All  are  not  thievei  that  dogs  bark  at. 

Save  a  thief  from  the  gallows,  and  he'll  be  the  first  shall  cut 

your  throat. 

Jbiapieeha  V  impieehato  ehe  impieehera  poi  to.^ItaL  Otee  un  tilam  mt 
ffibet,  U  V0U8  y  mettra. — Fr. 

Give  a  thief  rope  enough,  and  he'll  hang  himself. 
One  ma3^  think  that  dares  not  speak. 

And  it  is  as  usual  a  saying,  Thoughts  are  free.  Human  laws  can  take 
no  cognizance  of  thoughts,  unless  they  discoTer  themseLves  by  some  oTert 
actions. 

Wherever  a  man  dwells,  he  shall  be  sure  to  have  a  iham^htuh 

near  his  door. 

No  place,  no  condition,  is  exempt  from  all  trouble.  Jfihil  ett  ab  omni 
parte  Seatum.  In  medio  Tybride  Sardinia  eet  I  think  it  is  true  of  the 
thom-bush  in  a  literal  sense.  Few  places  in  England  where  a  man  can  live 
in  but  he  shall  have  one  near  him. 

He  that  handles  thonu  shall  prick  his  fingers. 
Chi  i  eemina  spini  non  vadi  eeabo.    ItaL 

Thottffht  lay  in  bed,  and  besh — t  himself. 

Ogrto  fu  appieeato  per  ladro, — ^Ital.  i,  e.  Truly  or  certainly  was  hanged 
for  a  thief. 

ITireatened  folks  live  long. 

I%ree  may  keep  counsel,  if  two  be  away. 

The  French  say,  Secret  de  deux  eeeret  de  Dieu,  eeeretdetreie  aeerHdeianiM, 
The  Italians,  in  the  same  words,  Tr^  iaeeranno,  teduevi  non  eono. 


IKTIRS   BSNTEirCBfl.  137 

If  yoa  make  not  much  of  three-penee^  yoa'U  ne*er  be  worth  a 

groat. 
Tickle  my  throat  with  a  feather^    and  make  a  fool  of  my 

stomach. 
He  that  will  thrive  mnat  rise  at  five ;  he  that  hath  thrivm  may 

lie  'till  seven. 

You  must  not  throw  pearls  before  swine. 

B  ne/autpoi/etter  lea  margueritea  devant  l$»  povreaatig.    Fr. 

The  thunderbolt  hath  but  his  clap. 

Tidings  make  either  glad  or  sad. 

Time  fleeth  away  without  delay. 

(Xto  pede  pretterit  atat.  Fugit  irrevoedbUe  Unynu.  Tempo  $i  hera  neA 
m  «Ua  com  aoga.    Port 

A  mouse  in  time  may  bite  in  two  a  cable. 

'    TivM  and  tide  tarry  for  no  man. 

Tiempo  m  Aorv,  no  udtaeon  ooga.    Span. 

Time  and  straw  make  medlars  ripe. 

(ki  tempo  e  la  pagUa  si  maturano  netpoli, — ^ItaL  Avee  le  tempt  et  la  paiEt 
foH  meure  lea  mUes,^^FT.    A  aeu  tempo  oolhem  aa  peraa. 

Take  time  when  time  is,  for  time  will  away. 

Timely  blossom,  timely  ripe. 
Qual  el  tiempOf  tal  el  tiento.    Span. 

A  tinker's  budget's  full  of  necessary  tools. 
Who  has  not  a  good  tongue  oueht  to  have  good  hands. 
Cki  non  ha  eervetto  abbia  gambe.    Ital. 

Too  much  of  one  thing  is  good  for  nothing. 

Aaaet  y  aai  irop  tCy  a. — Fr.  Ne  quid  iitmtt.  Mi|^iv  &yav»  This  is 
■a  apothejpn  of  one  of  the  seren  wise  men ;  aome  attribnte  it  to  Thales, 
tome  to  Solon.  Eat  modua  in  rebua,  aunt^  &c. — Hor.  Vabondamxa  dalle 
tote  ingeitera  faatidio. — Ital.     Coda  dia  oUa^  amarga  el  ealdo. — Span. 

Too  too  will  in  two.     Chesh, 
i,  e.  Strain  a  thing  too  much,  and  it  wiU  not  hold. 

He  that  travels  far,  knows  much. 

TVash  and  trumpery  is  the  highway  to  beggary. 

There's  no  tree  but  bears  some  fruit. 

Such  as  the  tree  is,  such  is  the  fruit. 
TeOe  reeine,  telle  feuiUe. — Fr.  Dejruetu  arhorem  «»nMa0o.— Matt.  laL  M. 
y  The  tree  is  known  hy  its  fruit.     Ogni  erba  at  eomoaee  del  seme,    ItaL 

That  is  true  which  all  men  say. 
Vospeptdiy  vox  Iki, 

lo  trust  is  treason. 


138  FB0TSBB8  THAT  ASM 

If  yon  trusi  before  yoa  try,  you  may  repent  before  yon  die 

Uiffrti  )^iifiar'  oXtcva,  hwitrrifi  3*  itrdk^eoi, — Theoyn,  Therefore  :t 
was  an  ancient  raecept.  Minvtico  awurrtiv.  Non  vien  tngammUo  a  nm 
ehi  MiJSda. — ItaL    There  ia  none  deoeiTed  hut  he  that  trusts. 

Speak  the  truths  and  shame  the  devil. 
TnUh  may  be  blamed,  bat  it  shall  never  be  shamed. 
La  verdad  adeigaza,  mat  no  quiebra.    Span. 

Truth  finds  foes  where  it  makes  none. 
Ohaequwm  amieoa,  Veritas  odwrn  parti,    Terent. 

Truth  hath  always  a  fast  bottom. 
//  vero  non  ha  riapotta,    ItaL 

IhUh  is  green. 

Verdad  ea  verde.    Span. 

TnUh  fears  no  colours. 
The  Spaniards  say,  Za  verdad  ea  hifd  de  Dioa.    Tmth  is  God's  daughter. 

All  truth  must  not  be  told  at  all  times. 

Chi  per  tutto  vuol  dire  la  veritk,  non  trova  m  albergo  ni  ed, — ItaL  Ibut 
vrai  fi  eat  paa  ban  h  dire, — Fr. 

Fair  fall  truth  and  daylight. 

Let  every  tuh  stand  on  its  own  bottom. 

Chaeun  ira  au  numlin  avee  eon  prcpre  aae, — Fr.  Every  one  most  go  to 
the  mill  with  his  own  sack ;  t.  e,  beiar  his  own  burden.  Some  say,  Let 
every  man  soap  his  own  heard. 

Where  the  Turl^i  horse  once  treads,  the  grass  never  grows. 

One  good  turn  asks  another. 

Qm  pkdair  fait  plaiair  requiert, — ^Fr.  Satme  la  harha,  y  harete  el  eqpete. 
— Span.  Ofitia  gratiam  parit.  Xaptc  Tf^P^^  rUru, — SophoeL  He  that 
would  have  friends,  must  shew  himself  friendly.  Chi  aervigio  Ja  aervigio 
aapetta, — Ital.  IHeanUm  refriea,  rbv  Ivovra  avri^vav.  It  is  meet  and 
comely,  just  and  equal,  to  requite  kindnesses,  and  to  make  them  amends 
who  hare  desenred  well  of  us.  Mutual  offices  of  love,  and  alternate  help 
or  assistance,  are  the  fruits  and  issues  of  true  friendship. 

He*ll  turn  rather  than  bum. 

Swine,  women  and  bees  cannot  be  turned. 

For  one  good  turn  another  doth  itch ;  claw  my  elbow,  &c. 

All  are  not  turners  that  are  dish-throwers. 

As  good  twenty  as  nineteen. 

If  things  were  to  be  done  twice^  all  would  be  wise. 

Two  heads  are  better  than  one. 

EZc  avi)p  o^«lc  a>77p.      ^nua  vir  nulbia  vir.     The  Spaniards  say,  Maa 
veen  quatro  qfoa  que  no  doa. 
Two  good  things  are  better  than  one. 

Udo  eyes  see  more  than  one. 

Deux  ffeux  voj/entphta  clair  gu'uH.—Ti,    Flm  vident  ocadi  guam  oetUm 
Maia  vem  dom  oihoa  que  hum. — Port. 


IKTIBE   BEITTENOBS.  139 

Two  of  a  trade  aeldom  agree. 

LfpoHtr  aupoHerpwrU  twoit.    Ft. 

Between  two  stoob  the  breech  cometh  to  the  ground. 

Tuur  U  cut  am  dm  teanni. — Ital.  Ha  le  eul  enire  dmtx  §iUea ;  or,  Astit 
tntn  deux  aeOu  la  eul  a  terre. — Fr.  Tout  eat  fait  nsgligement  la  ou  tun 
Fautra  i attend.    While  one  tnuts  another,  the  irork  is  left  undone. 

Two  dry  Bticks  will  kindle  a  green  one. 
Tiffo  to  one  is  odds. 

Some  add,  at  footboU.  NoUpugnara  <liio^.— Oatoll.  And,  N4  Sareulea 
euidem  adveraua  duoa.  It  ia  no  uncomely  thing  to  give  i>lace  to  a  multitude. 
Hard  to  resist  the  strength,  or  the  wit,  or  the  importonitr,  of  two  or  more 
combined  against  one.  Hercules  was  too  litUe  for  the  Hydra  and  Cancer 
together. 

2W0  cats  and  a  moose,  two  wiyes  in  one  house,  two  dogs  and 

a  bone,  never  agree  in  one. 

Deux  chtena  na  tf  accordant  point  dun  oa.    Fr. 

Good  riding  at  two  anchors  men  haye  told ; 

For  if  one  break,  the  other  may  hold. 

Duaiua  anehoria  fuUua,  'Biri  Bvoiv  hpiiCiv.  Aristid.  'AyaOdi  H 
riXovroi  Iv  yfcfifpi^  vvktI  0oa^  lie  vijoc  dwiffKift^ai  d{*  dvKVpai. — 
Pindar.  'Tis  good  in  a  stormy  or  winter  night,  to  have  two  anchors  to  cast 
7at  of  a  ship. 

Two  dogs  striye  for  a  bone,  and  the  third  runs  away  with  it. 

U,V. 
Hi  that  stays  in  the  valley,  shall  never  get  over  the  hill. 
V'aiour  would  fight,  but  diiscretion  would  run  away. 
Venture  a  small  fish  to  catch  a  great  one. 

Hfaui  haaarder  un  petit  poiaaon  pour  prendre  un  grand. — Fr.  Butta  una 
fardola  per  piffUar  un  lueeio, — Ital. 

Venture  not  all  in  one  bottom. 

Nothing  venture,  nothing  have. 

Chi  non  i  arriachia  non  guadagna. — Ital.  Qui  ne  faeenture  n'a  ekeval 
ugmula. — Fr.  Quidanim  tantara  noeebitf  And,  Oonando  Oraei  Trqfa 
potiti  aunt.     Quien  no  ae  aventuruy  no  anda  a  eavaUo. — Span. 

Where  vice  is,  vengeance  follows. 
Baro  anteeadantem  aeeieatum  daaeruit  pada  poena  elaudo.    Horaft. 

Vice  ruleth  where  gold  reigueth. 

Better  be  unborn  than  unbred. 
Non  eon  quien  naeatj  aifio  con  quien  paeea.    Span. 

Blake  a  virtue  of  necessity. 

II  aaviofa  daUa  neeeaaita  v«Wii.~Ital.  T^v  dvarmaiav  rvx^v  rpifi§i¥ 
and  'Avarcnio^ayecv,  Erasmus  makes  to  be  much  of  the  same  sense,  that 
IS,  to  do  or  suffer  that  patiently  which  cannot  well  be  avoided.    Zeviuajb 


14C  PB0TXBB8  THAT  ABB 

pattetiHa,  quicquid  wrrigert  ett  nefiu.  Or  to  do  that  oonelTet  bf  an  Ml  of 
our  own,  whicn  we  should  otherwise  shortlj  be  compelled  to  do.  So  tiM 
abbeys  and  conrents,  which  resigned  their  lands  into  King  Henry  the 
Eighth's  hands,  made  a  virtue  of  necessity. 

Ungirtf  unblesaed. 
Uhkindnest  has  no  remedy  at  law. 
Better  be  unmannerly  than  troublesome. 
Uhminded,  unmoaned. 

What  she  wants  in  up  and  doum,  she  hath  in  round  about. 
Uphraiding  turns  a  benefit  into  an  injury. 
Ubb  makes  perfectness. 
Unu  pnmptoa  faeii^    Fer  la  via  ^  aceoneUmo  U  mm,    Ital. 

Um  legs,  and  have  legs. 

Once  an  me^  and  ever  a  custom. 

To  borrow  on  umry  brings  sudden  beggary. 

CUiit  utura  ewrrit  quam  Heraelittu.  The  pay-days  recnr  before  the 
creditor  is  aware.  Of  the  niiBchie&  of  usury  I  need  say  nothing,  there 
having  been  two  very  ingenious  treatises  lately  published  upon  that  subject, 
sufficient  to  convince  any  disinterested  person  of  the  evil  consequences  of  a 
high  interest,  and  the  benefit  that  would  accrue  to  the  commonwealth  in 
general  by  the  depression  of  interest. 

w. 

No  safe  wading  in  an  unknown  water. 

I  will  not  want  when  I  have,  and  when  I  ha*n't  too.  8amer90L 
'Tis  not  good  to  wake  a  sleeping  dog  or  lion.     Ital. 
Atinque  manto  tu  9a6ues90f  no  i  muerdaa  en  H  be^o.    Span. 

Grood  ware  makes  quick  markets. 

Mereantia  ehe  piaee  k  mezsa  venduta, — Ital.  Jhroba  merx/aeiU  emptorwm 
rfperit, — Plant.  Poen. 

When  the  waree  be  gone,  shut  up  the  shop  windows. 

One  cannot  live  by  selling  ware  for  words. 

War  is  death's  feast. 

War  must  be  waged  by  waking  men. 

Ware  bring  scars. 

The  Italians  say,  Quando  la  guerra  eommaoy  t  apre  T  imfemo.  When 
war  begins,  hell  opens.  Gtterra^  y  cofo^  y  awwret^  porunpHaur  wMdohrM, 
Span. 

No  marvel  if  water  be  lue. 
Lue,  I.  e,  inclining  to  cold ;  whence  comes  the  word  Inkeimu 

Often  to  the  water,  often  to  the  tatter. 

Foul  water  will  quench  fire. 

Where  the  water  is  shallow  no  vessel  will  ride. 


IKTIBS  8B5TJSKCE8.  141 

fFjUr  breeds  frogs  in  the  belly,  and  wine  cares  the  womus. 

Ap$afria  tama  erioj  agita  roxa  tarna  etcotca.    Span. 
'TIS  a  great  wmf  to  the  bottom  of  the  sea. 
There  are  more  iffay$  to  the  wood  than  one. 
The  weakest  must  go  to  the  wall. 

Lea  mal  veins  devere  le  vent. — Fr.  The  worst  clothed  are  itill  put  to 
the  windward.    The  Spaniards  say,  El  kilo  par  lo  mae  delgado  qyi^bra. 

Weak  men  bad  need  be  witty. 
Wealth  makes  worship. 

Par  dhtero  baUa  el  perro, — Port.  The  Italians  say,  La  rodbaja  t/or  U 
tiffnoeo  al  baleone.    Wealth  makes  a  leper  sit  at  a  balcony. 

Wealth  is  best  known  by  want. 
Never  be  weary  of  well-doing. 
'Tis  hard  to  make  a  good  weo  of  a  bottle  of  hay. 
There  goes  the  wed^e  where  the  beetle  drives  it. 
One  ill  weed  mars  a  whole  pot  of  pottage. 
An  ill- spun  weft  will  out  either  now  or  eft. 
Weft,  t.  e.  web.    This  is  a  Torkshire  proverb. 

Weigh  right,  and  sell  dear. 
Peea  ghuto  e  vende  caro.    ItaL 

y     Great  weights  hang  on  small  wires.  "- 

TSUte  le  granfaeende  sifnmo  dipoea  com.    ItaL 

Welcome  is  the  best  cheer. 

^tvimv  a  rt  9vfto^  apiaro^.  In  muneribus  res  prastantissima  mem 
est.  Suffer  omnia  vulius  aecessere  boni. 

Welcome,  mischief,  if  thou  comest  alone. 
This  is  a  Spanish  proverb  *  Bien  vengas  mal,  st  vtenes  solo. 

That  that  is  weU  done  is  twice  done. 
WeU,  welly  is  a  word  of  malice.     Chesh. 

In  other  places,  if  yon  say,  Well,  well,  they  will  ask  yon  whom  yon 
threaten. 

If  weU  and  the^i  cannot,  then  ill  aud  them  can.     Torks. 

A  whei  is  no  let. 

Where  there  is  whispering  there  is  lying. 

As  good  never  a  whit  as  never  the  better. 

A  white  wall  is  a  fool's  paper. 

Muro  bianco  carta  da  matii. — Ital.  Some  pnt  this  in  rhyme :  He  is  a 
fool,  and  ever  shall,  that  writes  his  name  upon  a  wad.  Sttdiorum  ealami 
earbones,  mania  charta.  Qtiien  en  la  pared  pone  mote,  vienie  tiene  em  la 
cogote.    Span. 

Two  whores  in  a  house  will  never  agree. 
A  young  whmre,  an  old  saint. 


142  PaOTXRBS  THAT  ABI 

Once  a  whore^  and  ever  a  whore. 

Qui  temel  tcurra  mmquam  paterfamUt9i,--Git.  Orat.  Akmmmi9  yvf 
huit  iterum  ludet.  The  SpaniardB  say,  La  verguen^a^  y  te  kmn^  la  Mayir 
fue  la  pierde  nutiea  la  cobra, 

lliere's  never  a  why,  but  there's  a  wherefore. 
Wide  will  wear,  but  narrow  will  tear, 
vx  Who  so  deaf  as  they  that  wiU  not  hear  ? 

n  n^egi  depire  nmrd  que  eebu  qui  ne  whI  owr, — Fr. 

^  He  that  wHl  not  when  he  may,  when  he  wills  he  shall  have  nay. 
Nothing  is  impossible  to  a  ufilUng  mind. 
Nihil  diffieile  amanii  puio.    Cic. 

Will  is  the  cause  of  woe. 

They  who  cannot  as  they  taill,  must  will  as  they  may ;  or, 
must  do  as  they  can. 

Cki  nonpuo/are  come  9oglia,faccia  come  puo» — ^ItaL  And  Chi  mom 
pw  quel  che  vuol,  quel  ehe  puo  voqlia,  Quemiam  id  fieri  quod  vie  turn 
potest,  velie  id  quod  poeeie. — Terent.  Andria. 

Win  at  first,  and  lose  at  last. 
Puff  not  against  the  wind. 
^.  It  is  an  ill  wind  blows  nobody  profit 

A  quelque  choee  malheur  eet  boine. — Fr.  Misfortane  is  good  for  tome- 
thing. 

Tiie  wind  keeps  not  always  in  one  quarter. 
Wlien  wine  sinks,  words  swim. 
Good  wine  needs  no  bush. 

Al  buon  vino  won  bieognafinuca. — Ital.  A  bon  vm  U  nefaut  pomt  d* 
enteiffne. — Fr.  Hno  vendibili  hederd  euipened  nihil  eet  opue.  El  vino  que 
e$  buenOt  no  ha  memetter  preqonero, — Span. 

When  the  wine  is  in,  the  wit  is  out. 

Inproverbium  ceeeit,  eapientiam  vino  obumbrari. — PUn.lib.  27.  cap.  1. 
Vin  dentro,  eenna  /vora.— Ital.  The  Spaniards  say,  El  vino  no  true 
bragaa,  nt  denano,  ni  de  kho.  Wine  wears  neither  woollen  nor  linen 
breeches :  it  aLBCOYers  all  secrets. 

The  sweetest  wine  makes  the  sharpest  vinegar. 

Vinegar,  t.  e»  Vinum  acre.  Forte  e  V  aceto  di  vin  dotce, — Ital.  CoT' 
Tuptio  optimi  eetpeeeima.  The  anger  of  a  good-natured  man  is  the  most 
dangerous. 

Wink  at  small  faults. 

'Tis  a  hard  winter  when  one  wolf  eats  another. 

This  is  s  French  proverb  :  Mauvaise  eet  Ui  eaieon  quand  un  hep  mange 
r  autre.  The  Spaniardi  say,  Quando  un  lobo  comeaotro,no  ay  que  comer 
en  el  eoto. — Span. 

Winter  is  summer's  heir. 
Al  imnemo  Uuvioeo,  verano  ahundoeo*    Span* 


SimBB   SENTKNCEB.  143 

He  that  passeth  a  wmtsr*i  day,  escapes  an  enemy. 
This  is  a  French  proTerb :  Qui  patse  im  Jour  <f  hiver  paue  im  ie  mh 
morieii. 


Winter  finds  out  what  summer  lays  up. 
By  wiidom  peace,  by  peace  plenty. 
Wisdom  rides  upon  the  ruins  of  folly. 
He  is  not  wise  who  is  not  wise  for  himself. 
Wise  men  are  caught  in  wiles. 
A  wise  head  makes  a  close  mouth. 
Leptus  tage  Be  tait.    Fr. 

Some  are  wise,  and  some  are  otherwise. 

The  Italians  say,  Se  il  eavio  non  erraue^  ilmato  erqterebke.  If  the  wim 
man  should  nerer  err,  the  fool  would  burst. 

Send  a  wise  man  of  an  errand,  and  say  nothing  to  him. 
Jeeeima  al  tavio  et  lasciafar  a  lui,    ItaL 

Wishers  and  woulders  are  never  good  householders. 
If  wishes  were  butter-cakes,  beggars  might  bite. 
If  wishes  were  thrushes,  beggars  would  eat  birds. 
If  wishes  would  bide,  beggars  would  ride. 

Si  souhaUaJurent  vraia  paatoreaux  $eroient  roia, — Fr.  If  wishes  might 
preTail,  shepherds  would  be  kings. 

It  will  be  long  enough  ere  you  wish  your  skin  full  of  holes. 

I  never  fared  worse  than  when  I  wish'd  for  my  supper. 

Wish  in  one  hand,  and  sh-t  in  the  other,  and  see  which  will  be 

full  first. 

Wit  is  folly,  unless  a  wise  man  hath  the  keeping  of  it 

Wit  ill  applied  is  a  dangerous  weapon. 

Bought  wit  is  best. 

Dm  Jloffello  mens  docetvr  rtctius,  ZcXf^pa  ^k  uderit  iratZaykiytl 
Kopiiav, — Nazianz.  UaOiifiara  ftaOtifiaTa,  Nocumenta  doeumenta,  ga^ 
UtUum  sero  duelU  paniiei. 

Good  wits  jump. 

Wit  once  bought  is  worth  twice  taught. 

A  wonder  lasts  but  nine  days. 

The  Italians  say,  La  maraviglia  i/igUola  del  iffnorama.  Wonder  is  the 
daughter  of  Ignorance. 

A  wooi-seUer  knows  a  wool-buyer.     Torksh, 
Many  go  out  (or  wool,  and  come  home  shorn. 

This  IS  a  Spanish  proverb :  Vendronpor  lana,  y  voleerhi  transguiladoe, 
Venmioper  kpta  e  andato  /OM.— ItaL  This  is  said  of  persons  who  loas 
chdr  Bi3iiey  at  pUy. 


144  FKOTXHBS  IBJlT  ASM 

A  word  and  ft  stone  let  go  cannot  be  recalled. 
Palahra  y  jriedra  nteita  no  tiene  bmdta.    Spaa. 

A  word  is  enough  to  the  wise. 

A  bwm  intenditor  poehe paroU.^litl,  A  bum  entemdemr  U  m  fau^  f%i 
dende  parole, — Fr.  So  the  Italians  say,  A  few  wonis;  we  say,  Oaeword ; 
and  the  French  say,  Half  a  word  is  enough  to  the  understanding  and  w^ 
preheasiTe. 

Words  are  but  wind,  but  blows  unkind. 

ILovforarov  irparfia  X6yoc. 

Words  are  but  sands  ;  'tis  money  buys  lands, 
Paroh  fan  U  mereato  e  K  danari  pagano,    ItaL 

Fair  words  make  fools  fain  ;  t.  tf.  glad. 

Jkmen  promesaet  obUpeni  let  fob. — Ft.  ^  f"^*  '^^'^  mamAi^  1$  parok 
femuis. — ^Ital.    Deeds  are  males ;  words  are  females. 

Few  words  are  best. 

Pxhe  paroU  k  buon  regimento, — Ital.  A  fooFs  yoioe  is  known  by  a  mul- 
titude of  words.  Nature  hath  furnished  man  with  two  ears,  and  but  one 
tongue,  to  signify,  he  must  hear  twice  as  much  as  he  speaks. 

Fair  words  butter  no  parsnips. 
lU  cpUulandum  rum  verbis :  the  same  in  other  terms. 

Good  words  fill  not  a  sack. 
The  Italians  say,  £elk  parole  non  paaeon  i  gatH, 

Good  words  cost  nought. 
Fabtvrat  nao  cuatao  dinheiro.    Port 

Good  toords  cool  more  than  cold  water. 
Mae  apaga  buena  palabrOf  que  ealdera  de  agua»    Span. 

Soft  words  hurt  not  the  mouth. 

Doueee  or  belles  parolee  fi  ieorchent  pae  la  langue,    Fr.    Soft  wonk  scald 
not  the  tongue. 

Words  have  long  tails ;  and  have  no  tails. 

Soft  words  break  no  bones. 

Soft  words  and  hard  arguments. 

Many  words  hurt  more  than  swords. 
Mae  hiere  mala  palabra^  que  espa  la  afUada.    Span. 

He  that  kills  himself  with  working,  must  be  buried  under  tin 

gallows. 
An  ill  workman  quarrels  with  his  tools. 

MiehatU  ouvrierjamaie  ne  trouve^^  bone  outile,    Fr. 

The  better  workman,  the  worse  husband. 

Though  this  be  no  prorerb,  yet 't  is  an  observation  generally  true,  (the 
more  the  pity,)  and  therefore,  as  I  have  found  it,  I  put  it  down.  Ths 
French  say,  Bompoete,  mauvau  homme. 


JEKTIBE  SJfiSTEKCXS.  145 

Acconut  not  tliat  work  slavery  that  brings  in  penny  savory. 

All  iporky  and  no  play,  makes  Jack  a  dull  boy. 

The  world  was  never  so  dull,  but  if  one  won't  another  will. 

"Es  a  great  journey  to  the  world's  end. 

I  wot  well  how  the  world  wags ;  he  is  most  lov'd  that  hath 

most  bags. 

Twv  ivrvYoOvrt^  irdvrec  C(<^t  trvryivuc,  Felienun  muUi  oognaH.  It 
was  wont  to  be  said,  Wn  amiei  ibi  opes  ;  but  now  it  may  (as  Enuunns  oom- 
plains)  well  be  inverted,  Ubi  opea  ibi  amiei, 

^  Tread  on  a  worm^  and  it  will  tiirn. 

Haiet  et  ffouea  penem.  ^Eviori  c.tv  fivpfAtiKt  icdv  tripfif»x^^i'  I^**** 
ttfonmem  ei  aerpho  Mia.  The  meanest  or  weakest  person  is  not  to  be  pro- 
voked or  despised.  No  creature  so  small,  weak  or  contemptible,  but,  if  it 
be  iajnred  and  abused,  will  endeavour  to  revenge  itself. 

Every  thing  is  the  worse  for  wearing. 

He  that  is  worst  may  still  hold  the  candle. 
Am  plut  debik  la  ehandalle  d  la  nuUn,     Fr. 

^  The  worth  of  a  thing  is  best  known  by  the  want. 

Bifn  perdu  Hen  eonnu ;  or,  Chose  perdue  est  lors  eontintie.^'VT.  Vaeh^ 
ne  sfoit  que  vaut  sa  gueiie  j'usques  a  ce  gi^elle  Fait  perdue.  The  oow  knows 
not  what  her  tail  is  worth  till  she  hath  lost  it. 

He  that  wrestles  with  a  t — d  is  sure  to  be  bes — t,  whether  he 

fall  over  or  under. 

That  is,  he  that  contends  with  vile  persons,  vrill  get  nothing  but  s  stain 
^  bf  it    One  cannot  touch  pitch  without  being  defiled. 

Wrinkled  parses  make  wrinkled  faces. 

Write  with  the  learned,  but  speak  with  the  vulgar. 

Y. 

As  soon  goes  the  t/oung  lamb's  skin  to  the  market  as  the  old 

ewe's. 

AuMsitot  meuri  veau  eotnme  vache. — Fr.  Ccsi  iosto  tnuore  il  eapretto  cmhb 
eepra, — Ital.    Aun  la  cola  fatta  por  desolar, — Span. 

Yowng  men  think  old  men  fools,  and  old  men  know  young 
men  to  be  so. 

This  is  quoted  by  Camden,  as  a  saving  of  one  Doctor  Metcalfl  It  is 
Bo^  in  many  people's  mouths,  and  likely  to  pass  into  a  proverb. 

The  young  are  not  always  with  their  bow  bent, 
t.  e.  Under  rule. 

Young  cocks  love  no  coops. 
A  yowng  saint,  an  old  devil. 

Dej^une  angeloU  vieux  diable. — Fr.  A  Tartesso  ad  Tartarum,  JBuon 
popero,  e  eaitiva  oca. — Ital.  Some  reverse  the  proverb,  and  say,  A  young 
saint,  an  old  saint ;  and,  A  young  devil,  an  old  devU.    The  Spaniarassay, 

L 


nOnsBR  THAT  ABE   INTIBX   BXBTEirCIB. 


A  fOMHff  aerring-man,  ta  old  beggaT. 

nu  Miw  M  nrU  wmon  a  fagttan.--iuL     A  mauiad  ttitm,  vgirs  tra- 
htgom. — Span. 
If  ymAk  knew  what  age  would  cntTC,  it  would  both  get  and 

■avc. 

SUgiatam  ttpt—  t  iii  tteMa  patim,  mm  ifi  mm  fit*  mm  m'  fitnta. 
\iaL 
A  growing  yotith  haa  a  wolf  in  his  bellr- 

■•  A  He  M  a  gtMt  eatei.    Mo^  ateUnU,  l^  m  tivitxin.    8|mi. 


Zkal  without  knowledge  ia  frenty. 

ZmU  witboot  knowledge  ia  fire  wiUioBt  h^. 


PBOTZBBIAL  PHB1.SI8.  147 

PEOYEBBUL  PHRASES  AND  FOBMS  OF  SPEECH  THAT 
ARE  NOT  ENTIRE  SENTENCES. 

A. 

To  bring  an  ahhey  to  a  grange. 

To  bring  a  noble  to  nine-pence.  We  speak  it  of  an  nnthrift.  Hafaito 
titma.  lukxa  tma  tpmai^  e  d'una  ealza  tma  Wft/Za. — Ital.  He  bath  made 
of  a  lance  a  thorn ;  and  of  a  pair  of  breeches  a  purse :  parallel  to  oars, 
He  hath  tiiiritten  a  mill-post  to  a  pudding-pricK.  Or,  His  windmill  is 
dwindled  into  a  nut-cracker.  DiiadeMa  tornar  cotwerMd.  From  an  abbess 
to  become  a  la j-sister. 

He  U  able  to  buy  an  abbey, 
A  qiendthrift. 

To  commit  as  many  abmrdities  as  a  clown  in  eating  of  an  egg. 
Afraid  of  far  euongb. 
Of  that  which  is  nerer  likely  to  happen. 

Afraid  of  bim  that  died  last  year.     Chesh, 
Etpamtote  la  muerta  de  la  degoUada,    Span. 

Afraid  of  the  batcbet,  lest  tbe  belve  stick  in's  a — e.     Chesh, 

Afraid  of  bis  own  abadow. 

More  afraid  tban  burt. 

Tbey  a4^ee  like  cats  and  dogs. 

Tbe^r  aaree  like  barp  and  barrow. 

This  hath  tiie  same  sense  with  the  preceding.  Harp  and  harrow  are 
coupled,  chiefly  because  they  begin  with  the  same  letter. 

They  a^ree  like  pickpockets  in  a  fair. 
H  eamckero  i  d'aceordo  col  morbo,    Ital. 

They  a^ee  like  bells ;  tbey  want  notbing  but  banging. 

He  is  paced  like  an  alderman. 

The  case  is  alter*  d,  quoth  Plowden. 

Edmund  Plowden  was  an  eminent  common  lawyer  in  Queen  Elizabeth's 
time,  bom  at  Plowden,  in  Shropshire,  of  whom  Camden  (in  his  Elizabeth, 
^m.  1584)  gires  this  character ;  Vit€B  mtegnfmte  inter  homtnee  sua  prof es' 
mma  nulH  eeeundue.  And  Sir  Edward  Cooke  calls  him  the  Oracle  of  the 
common  Law.  This  prorerb  is  usually  applied  to  such  lawyers,  or  others, 
88  being  oorrupted  with  larger  fees,  qnifl  sides,  and  pretend  the  (xue  is 
altered ;  such  as  haTe  iovem  in  Hmgua,  Some  make  this  the  occasion  of 
the  proverb :  Plowden  being  asked  by  a  neighbour  of  his,  what  remedy 
there  was  in  law  against  bis  neighbour  for  some  hogs  that  had  trespassed 
lus  ground,  answered,  ho  mif  ht  haye  yery  good  remedy ;  but  the  other 
repljring,  that  they  were  his  hogs,  Nay  then,  neighbour,  (quoth  he,)  the 
esse  is  altered.  Others,  with  more  probability,  make  this  the  original  of  it. 
Plowden  being  a  Roman  CathoUc,  some  neighbours  of  his,  who  bare  him  no 


148  PBOYEBBIAL  FURASES. 

ff  nod  will,  intending  to  entrap  him,  and  bring  him  imder  the  Ush  of  the 
.A\v,  tuid  taken  care  to  dress  up  an  altar  in  a  certain  place,  and  j^rorided  a 
lawman  in  a  priest's  habit,  who  should  say  mass  there  at  such  a  time.  And 
withal,  notice  thereof  waa  nven  privately  to  Mr.  Plowden,  who  thereupon 
went  and  was  present  at  the  mass.  For  this  he  was  presently  accused, 
and  indicted.  He  at  first  stands  upon  his  defence,  and  would  not  acknow- 
ledge the  thing.  Witnesses  are  produced,  and,  amone  the  rest,  one  who 
deposed,  that  he  himself  performed  the  macs,  and  saw  Mr.  Plowden  there. 
Saith  Plowden  to  him,  Art  thou  a  priest,  then  ?  The  fellow  replied,  No. 
Why  then,  gentlemen,  (quoth  he,)  the  case  is  altered ;  No  priest,  no  maaa ; 
which  came  to  be  a  proverb,  and  continues  still  in  Shropshire,  with  thii 
addition ;  The  case  is  altered,  (quoth  Plowden ;)  No  priest,  no  mass. 

To  angle  with  a  silver  hook. 

Petcar  col  homo  d'argento.  The  Italians,  by  this  phrase,  mean,  to  bay 
fish  in  the  market.  It  is  also  a  Latin  proverb,  Awreo  homo  pueari,  Mon^ 
IS  the  best  bait  to  take  all  sorts  of  persons  with 

If  you  be  angry,  you  may  turn  the  buckle  of  your  girdle  be- 
hind you. 
Se  V  a  per  male,  eeingari. — ^Ital.  The  Spaniards  say,  Si  timee  de  mi  enofo 

deeeal^ate  un  fapaio,  y  echah  en  remi^o.    If  you  are  angry  with  me,  poll 

off  one  of  your  shoes,  and  lay  it  in  soak. 

To  cut  large  shiyes  of  another  man's  loaf. 
To  cut  large  thongs  of  another  man's  leather. 

De  aiieno  eorio  UberaUt.  Del  cuoio  d*  altri  »i  fanno  le  eorregge  Imrye. 
— Ital.  //  covpe  large  courroye  de  cuir  d*  aulrtU. — Fr.  It  may  pass  for 
a  sentence  thus,  Men  cut  large  shives  of  otheiV  loaves.  This  should  seem 
to  be  also  a  Dutch  proverb :  for  Erasmus  saith,  drcun^ertur  <qmd  noetra- 
Hum  vulffue  non  abeimile  huie  proverbium.  Ex  aiieno  tergore  lata  eecari 
lora.    Depiel  agena  larga  la  eorSa. — Span. 

To  hold  by  the  d^ron-strings. 
i.  e.  In  right  of  his  wife. 

To  answer  one  in  his  own  language. 
Ut  eahitarie  ila  reealutaberit. 

A  bit  and  a  knock,  [or  bob,]  as  men  feed  apes. 
Arey  versy. 

*\(rrtpov  TT^ripov.     A  pretended  spell,  written  upon  the  door  of  a 
house  to  keep  it  from  burning.    It  is  a  Tuscan  word :  Quati  itreurum  arerte. 

^he  is  one  of  mine  aunts,  that  made  mine  uncle  go  a  begging. 
She  is  one  of  my  aunts  that  my  uncle  never  got  any  good  of. 
A  pretty  fellow  to  make  an  axle-tree  for  an  oyen.     Chesk, 

B. 

He  knows  not  a  B  from  a  hattledoor. 
Non  ea  gwmte  dita  ha  nelle  mani.     Ital. 

Hi8  hack  is  broad  enough  to  beai*  jests. 


PROVERBIAL  PHBA8E8.  149 

My  Lord  BaldtoirCs  dead. 

ft  is  used  when  one  tells  that  for  news  which  eyerr  body  knows.  A 
Sussex  proTerb ;  but  who  this  Lord  Baldwin  was,  I  could  not  learu  there. 

Yoa'll  not  believe  he  is  bald  till  you  see  his  brains. 
Never  a  barrel  better  herring. 

The  Spaniards  say,  Qual  ma»  qual  menot  toda  la  lana  C9peia$.  Some 
more,  some  less,  all  the  wool  is  hairs. 

You  shall  have  the  basket     TaunUn, 
Said  to  the  journeyman  that  is  envied  for  pleasing  his  master. 

Bate  me  an  ace,  quoth  Bolton. 

Who  this  Bolton  was  I  know  not,  neither  is  it  worth  enquiring.  One 
of  this  name  might  happen  to  say,  Bate  me  an  ace ;  and  for  the  coincidence 
of  the  first  letters  of  these  two  words,  Bate  and  Bolton^  it  grew  to  be  a 
proTerb.  We  have  many  of  the  like  original,  as  v.  g.  Sup,  Simon,  &c. 
stay,  quoth  Stringer,  &c.  There  goes  a  story  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  that 
being  presented  with  a  Collection  of  English  Proverbs,  and  told  by  the 
author,  that  it  contained  all  the  English  proverbs ;  Nay,  replied  she,  Bate 
me  an  ace,  quoth  Bolton  :  which  proverb  being  instantly  looked  for,  hap- 
pened to  be  wanting  in  his  Collection. 

Ton  dare  as  well  take  a  bear  by  the  tooth. 

If  it  were  a  bear  it  would  bite  you. 

Are  you  there  with  your  bear%  f 

To  go  like  a  bear  to  the  stake. 

He  hath  as  many  tricks  as  a  dancing  bear. 

If  that  the  course  be  fair,  again  and  again,  quoth  Bunny  to 

his  bear, 
I  bear  him  on  my  back. 

That  is,  I  remember  his  injuries  done  to  me  with  indignation  and  gncf, 
or  a  purpose  of  revenge. 

He  is  not  fit  to  carry  guts  to  a  bear. 
To  bear  away  the  bell. 
You'll  scratch  a  beggar  before  you  die. 
That  is,  you*U  be  a  beggar ;  you'll  scratch  yourself. 

It  would  make  a  beggar  beat  his  bag. 
Ml  not  hang  all  my  belh  on  one  horse. 
That  is,  give  all  to  one  son. 

Better  believe  it,  than  go  where  it  was  doae  to  prove  it. 
Fbgliopiu  tosto  crederlo  che  andar  a  cercarlo,    ItaL 

The  bellg  thinks  the  throat  cut. 
To  have  the  bent  of  one's  bow. 
'TIS  beet  to  take  half  in  hand,  and  the  rest  by-and-by. 
The  tnuiesman  that  is  for  ready  money. 


150  PBOTEEBIAL   PHRASES. 

There's  ne'er  ft  best  ftmong  them,  as  the  fellow  said  by  the  fuz* 

cubs. 
Ton  make  the  better  side  the  worse.     Somerset, 
Between  .hxvfk  and  buzzard. 
To  look  as  ^  as  if  he  had  eaten  bull-beef. 
He'll  have  the  last  word  though  he  talk  htlk  for  it. 

Bilk,  t.  e.  nothing.  A  man  is  said  to  be  bilked  at  cribbets  when  he  gets 
nothing,  when  he  can  make  neyer  a  game. 

Bill  afler  helve. 

Dratre  U  manieo  dietro  alia  xcqtpa. 

He'll  make  nineteen  bits  of  a  hUberry, 
Spoken  of  a  coyetous  person. 

To  bite  upon  the  bridle. 

That  is,  to  fare  hardly ;  to  be  cnt  short,  or  suffer  want ;  for  a  hoise  can 
eat  bnt  slowly  when  the  bridle  is  in  his  mouth.  Or  else  it  may  signify  to 
fret,  swell  and  disquiet  himself  with  anger.  FrmtM  mordere,  in  Latin, 
hath  a  different  sense;  t.  0.  to  resist  those  who  hare  us  in  subjection ;  as 
an  unruly  horse  gets  the  bridle  between  his  teeth,  and  runs  away  with  his 
rider ;  or  as  a  do^  bites  the  staff  you  beat  him  with.  Statius  useth  it  in  a 
contrary  sense,  yiz.  to  submit  to  tne  conqueror,  and  take  patiently  the  bridle 
in  one's  mouth.    SubUt  leget  etjroena  momordit. 

Though  I  be  bitten,  I  am  not  all  eaten. 

What  a  bi$hap*8  wife  !  eat  and  drink  in  your  gloves  ? 

To  wash  a  blackmoor  white. 

^thiopem  tavare,  or  dealbare.  9fir)Kiiv  teu  XtvK&ivitv.  Labour  in  ymin. 
Parallel  whereto  are  many  other  Latin  proyerbs ;  as  Laterem  lavart,  ormos 
arare,    Jwrado  ha  el  bono  de  no  hazer  lo  prleto  bianco. — Span. 

You  cannot  say  black  is  his  eye,  [or  nail.] 
That  is,  yon  can  find  no  fault  in  him,  charge  hmi  with  no  crime. 

^/iVu^man's  holiday. 
i.  e.  Twilight,  almost  quite  dark. 

As  the  blind  man  shot  the  crow. 

He  hath  good  bhod  in  him,  if  he  had  but  groats  to  it. 

That  is,  good  parentage,  if  he  had  but  wealth.  Groats  are  great  oat- 
meal, of  which  good  housewiyes  are  wont  to  make  black  pudding 

To  come  bhely  off. 

He*s  true  blue;  he*ll  never  stain. 

Coventry  had  formerly  the  reputation  for  dying  blues,  insomuch  thai 
tru€  blue  came  to  be  a  proverb,  to  signify  one  that  was  always  the  samei 
and  like  himself. 

To  make  a  bolt  or  a  shaft  of  a  thing. 
There's  a  bone  for  you  to  pick. 
EgU  m'  ha  dato  un  ono  da  roder*,    Ita]« 


PBOTEBBIAL  PHEAASS.  ISl 

To  be  houffht  and  sold  in  ft  company. 
She  hath  brok&n  her  elbow  at  the  church-door.     Che$h, 
Spoken  of  a  honse-wifelj  maid  that  grows  idle  after  maniage. 

Toa  seek  a  hraek  where  the  hedge  is  whole. 
Hia  hrains  are  addled. 
His  hraitu  crow. 

Hia  hraifu  will  work  without  harm.     Torhh. 
He  knows  which  side  his  hread  is  buttered  on. 
CBHOfcerv  Upel  nel  novo.    ItaL 

'Twould  make  a  horse  Weak  his  bridle,  or  a  dog  his  halter. 
One  may  as  soon  hreak  his  neck  as  his  hat  there. 
Break  my  head,  and  bring  me  a  plaister. 
Tti^Sa  m'  i7  muo  €  toppi  me  pot  neile  oreeehie,    ItaL 

Spare  your  hreaih  [or  wind]  to  cool  your  pottage. 
Ton  seek  hreeehes  of  a  bare-a — 'd  man. 
Ab  aerno  Imam, 

His  breeeh  makes  buttons. 

Thia  is  said  of  a  man  in  fear.  We  know  yehement  fear  causes  a  relax* 
adon  of  the  ^kmeter  ant,  and  inyolnntarj  dejection.  Buttons,  because 
the  excrements  of  some  aTiinmU  are  not  unlike  buttons  or  pellets ;  as  of 
sheep,  hares,  Ac  Naj,  they  are  so  like,  that  they  are  called  by  the  same 
name ;  this  figure  they  get  from  the  cells  of  the  dltm.  The  Italians  say, 
Fare  il  aUo  lappe  lappe. 

As  they  hrew,  so  let  them  bake. 

Some  haye  it,  So  let  tiiem  drink ;  and  it  seems  to  be  better  sense  so. 
7We  koe  mtriati^  Hbi  onme  eaedendum  eei. — ^Terent  Phorm.  Ut  eemen- 
iem/eeerie  ita  metet,—€io.  de  Orat  lib.  2. 

To  make  a  hridge  of  one's  nose. 

t.  e.  To  intercept  oneTs  trencher,  cup,  or  the  like ;  or  to  offer  or  r^-etend 
to  do  kindnesses  to  one,  and  then  pass  him  by,  and  do  it  to  another ;  to  lay 
hold  upon  and  serye  himself  of  that  which  was  intended  for  another. 

To  leaye  one  in  the  Irieri  or  suds. 

He  hath  hrouffhi  up  a  bird  to  pick  out  his  own  eyes. 

Kpidc  rpoftta  iwirifft,  Tal  wutre  U  eorvo  eke  gU  eavera  poi  gU  oecht. 
He  Dtings  xsp  a  rayen,  &c. 

To  have  a  hreete  [t.  e,  a  gad-fly]  in  his  breech. 
Spoken  of  one  that  frisks  about,  and  cannot  rest  in  a  place. 

He'll  bring  buckle  and  thong  together. 
Let  them  buckle  for  it.    Somereet, 
I'U  make  him  buckle  to. 
To  build  castles  in  the  air. 
Far  eatteOi  m  mria, — ^ItaL     The  French  say,  Faire  dm  chateau*  em 


•152  ]^KOT£aBlAL   FH&A8S8. 

He  builds  cnges  for  oxen  to  bring  up  birds  in. 

DiBpropomonably. 

He  thinks  every  hush  a  boggard* 
t.  e.  A  bugbear,  or  phantasm. 

Buih  natural ;  more  hair  than  wit. 
No  butter  will  stick  to  his  bread. 
To  bt^  and  sell,  and  live  by  the  loss. 
Fare  venti  un  gheriglio  d^  venti  due  noei.    Ital. 

The  butcher  looked  for  his  knife  when  he  had  it  in  his  miNitiL 
His  bread  is  buttered  on  both  sides. 
t.  e.  He  hath  a  plentifal  estate :  he  is  fat  and  fiilL 

C. 

I  think  this  is  a  butcher*s  horse,  he  carries  a  calf  so  well. 

Hio  cakes  are  eone  down  to  grass. 
This  is  a  jeer  for  men  with  orer-slender  legs. 

His  candle  bums  within  the  socket. 

That  is,  he  is  an  old  man.  Philosophers  are  wont  to  compare  man's  life 
not  inaptly  to  the  bumine  of  a  lamp,  the  rital  heat  always  preying  upon 
Uie  radical  moisture,  whicn,  when  it  is  quite  consumed,  a  man  dies.  There 
is  indeed  a  great  likeness  between  life  and  flame,  air  being  as  necessary  to 
the  maintaining  of  the  one  as  of  the  other. 

If  his  cap  be  made  of  wool. 

In  former  times,  when  this  proyerb  came  first  in  use,  men  generally  wore 
caps.  Hats  were  a  thing  harmy  known  in  England,  much  less  hats  made 
of  rabbits'  or  beayers'  fi^.  Gapping  was  then  a  great  trade,  and  seyend 
btatutes  made  about  it.  So  that,  If  his  cap  were  made  of  wool,  was  as 
much  as  to  say  most  certainly,  As  sure  as  the  dothes  on  his  back.  Vr, 
Fuller, 

They  may  cast  their  caps  at  him. 

'Wnen  two  or  more  run  together,  and  one  sets  ground,  he  that  is  last, 
and  despairs  to  oyertake,  commonly  casts  his  hat  after  the  foremost,  and 
giyes  oyer  the  race.  So  that  to  Cast  their  caps  at  one,  is  to  despair  of 
catching  or  oyertaldng  him. 

He  carries  fire  in  one  hand,  and  water  in  the  other. 

AlterA  manu  feri  aquam,  alterd  ignem,  Ty  fui  S^wp  ftpth  4^* — 
Plutarch.  //  porte  lefeu  et  Tmiu.— Fr.  Altera  manufert  lapidem,  aUeri 
panem  ostentat. — Plant. 

To  set  a  spoke  in  one*s  cart. 
To  set  the  cart  before  the  horse. 

Cwmu  bovem  trahit.  Metier  il  earro  inanzi  at  buoi. — ItaL  La 
ehamte  ta  devant  let  bcntfs. — Fr. 

The  cttts  in  the  cream-pot. 
This  is  used  when  people  near  a  great  noise  and  hubbub  amongst  the  g(y  d 


PKOTZBBIAI.  FHEASKS.  15^ 

«iTca  of  the  town,  and  know  not  what  it  means,  but  luppoae  that  some  nd 
accident  is  happened;  as  the  cat  is  iJEdlen  into  the  cream-pot,  or  the  iiko. 

Before  the  eat  can  lick  her  ear. 

Tott  shall  haye  that  the  eat  left  in  the  malt-heap. 

They  are  not  eater-eouiina. 

He  hath  good  cards  to  shew. 

He  hath  good  cellarage. 

That  char  ia  char'd  (as  the  good-wife  aaid  when  she  had  hanged 

her  husband). 

A  char,  in  the  northern  dialeot,  is  any  particular  bnsincas,  affair,  or  char^, 
that  I  commit  to  or  entrost  another  to  do.  I  take  it  to  be  the  same  with 
charge,  rar'  dirocoiriiv. 

To  go  cheek  by  jowl  with  one. 

To  eat  the  cheese  in  the  trap. 

Mangiar  il  each  imUa  trappola.  To  be  guilty  of  a  fault  where  the 
punishment  must  inentably  foUow. 

To  chew  the  cud  upon  a  thing. 

f .  0,  To  consider  or  a  thing,  to  rerolTC  it  in  one's  mind :  to  ruminate, 
which  is  the  name  of  this  action,  is  used  in  the  same  sense  both  in  Latin 
and  English. 

The  chicken  crams  the  capon. 

The  child  Hath  a  red  tongue,  like  its  father. 

Children  to  bed,  and  the  ffoose  to  the  fire. 

I  cannot  conceiye  what  might  be  the  occasion,  nor  what  is  the  miwmwg 
of  this  saying.    I  take  it  to  be  senseless  and  nugatory. 

Let  not  the  child  sleep  upon  bones.     Somerset* 
j.  0.  The  nurse^s  lap. 

A  ehy9  of  the  old  block. 

TlBtrig  eat  JtUus,  He  is  his  fathet^s  own  son ;  taken  always  in  an  ill  sense. 
La  icheggia  vim  dai  kgno,    ItaL 

Like  a  ch^  in  a  pottage  pot,  doth  neither  good  nor  harm. 
Chohe  up,  the  church-yard's  nigh. 
It  goes  down  like  chopped  hay. 
I'll  make  him  know  churning  days. 
To  clip  one*s  wings. 

Pennaa  incidera  aUeui. 

He  hath  a  doak  for  his  knavery. 

The  Italians  say,  Ha  manUtto  d^ogni  aegna.  Applied  to  one  who  cia 
adapt  himself  to  any  circumstances. 

He  is  in  the  c/b^A-market 
ii  #.  In  bed. 

The  coaches  wo' n't  run  over  him. 
•'.  «.  He  is  in  jaiL 


154  PBOTKBBIAL  PHBASX8. 

To  carry  eoals  to  Newcastle. 

Soli  Umm  muUtari  ;  eah  tteUoig  ranm  aquam.     Oroeum  m  Omimm^ 
te.  masimi  abimdat :  Noctutu  Athmat,    ForUrdefiteiUn  au  Ma. — ^Fr.  T« 
carry  leaves  to  the  wood.  Aleinoo  pomadare,  IMwxr  hmro  a  Biioaya, — Span. 

To  set  caek  on  hoop. 

Thifl  is  spoken  of  a  pr^Klieal,  one  that  takes  out  the  spigot,  and  lays  it 
upon  the  top  of  the  harrei,  orawing  out  the  whole  Tessel  without  any  in- 
termission. 

His  cockloft  is  unfurmsbed. 
f .  e.  He  wants  brains. 

To  have  a  colf»  tooth  in  his  head. 
As  is  usually  spoken  of  an  old  man  that  is  wanton  and  petulant. 

To  cut  one's  comb. 
As  is  usually  done  to  cocks  when  gelded ;  to  oodl  one's  courage. 

They'll  come  again,  as  Ooodyer*s  pigs  did. 
f .  e.  Never. 

Come  and  welcome ;  go  by,  and  no  quarrel. 
What,  do  you  come  or  send  ? 
Come,  every  one  heave  a  pound.     Somerset, 
Command  your  man,  and  do  it  yourself. 
Mt^ida  y  MadOy  y  quUarU  hat  de  euydado.   Span. 

Ask  my  companion  if  I  be  a  thief. 

In  the  North  they  say,  Ask  my  mother  if  my  &ther  be  a  thief.  Ih- 
manda  al  hotto  ^  egf  ha  huon  vine, — ItaL  Ask  your  host  if  he  have  good 
wine. 

To  complain  of  ease. 

He  hath  a  conseienee  like  a  chevereFs  skin,  that  wiU  stretch, 

Somereet, 

A  oheverel  is  a  wild  goat. 

To  outrun  the  constable. 
To  spend  more  than  one's  allowance  or  income. 

You  might  be  a  constable  for  your  wit. 

Cook-ruffian,  able  to  scald  the  devil  in  his  feathers. 

To  cool  one's  courage. 

He's  corn-fed. 

A  friend  in  a  comer. 

To  take  counsel  of  one's  pillow. 

la  nmi  donne  eofueil, — Fr.  Nbctu  urgenda  eonnUa*  Inde  nox  ivfpSyii 
duAtur  brt  rh  6povti¥  rSn  fiAXurra  rdig  avBowvoig  irapayiVfrac  La 
mtte  i  madn  aipmaien. — ItaL    The  night  is  tne  mother  of  thoughts. 

Coumers  as  good  for  him  as  a  shoulder  of  mutton  for  a  sick 
horse. 


PBOTEBBIAL  FUBA8E8.  155 

What  is  got  in  the  county  is  lost  in  the  hundred. 

Whit  B  ^t  in  the  whole  sun  is  loBt  in  particular  reckoninfi ;  or,  i& 
gcMral,  what  is  got  one  way,  is  lost  another. 

Qnart  hoi j  water. 
JBni  beidu  Sf  la  eour. — ^Fr.    Fair  words,  and  nothing  else. 

One  of  the  eourt,  hut  none  of  the  counsel. 
All  the  erafi  is  in  the  catching. 
To  gpeak  as  though  he  would  ere&p  into  one's  mouth. 
He  hath  never  a  cross  to  bless  himself  withal, 
i. «.  No  money,  which  hath  nsually  a  cross  on  the  reverse  dde. 

To  have  eroteheis  in  one's  crown. 

Yoa  look  as  if  you  were  ^ou^-trodden. 

Yoa  look  as  though  you  would  make  the  crow  a  pudding ;  oi 

go  to  fight  the  blacks. 

t.  e.  Die.    The  Italians  say,  Andare  aparlan  apUato. 

I  hare  a  crow  to  pluck  with  you. 
Avert  mala  gatta  da  pekn.    Ital. 

Toa  need  not  be  so  crusty,  you  are  not  so  hard  baked- 
She  is  as  crusty  as  that  is  hard  baked.     Somerset. 
One  that  is  sorly,  and  loth  to  do  any  thing. 

Here's  a  great  ery»  and  but  little  wool,  as  the  fellow  said  when 

he  shear'd  his  hogs. 

Aim  romor  ^  poeo  lana, — ItaL    Asmum  Umdes,    I^trturimtt  inom/m,  if§» 
Chieo  bagttef  ygran  caida. — Span. 

Yoa  ery  out  before  you're  hurt. 
Hfni  eomnii  lea  anguilks  de  M$lun^  il  etie  devant  gt^on  Teeeerche. 

Let  her  ery^  she'll  p—  the  less. 
To  lay  down  the  cudgels. 
His  belly  cries  cupboard. 
SmtodeToriulohitogia,    Ital. 

To  curse  with  bell,  book,  and  candle. 
To  be  beside  the  cushion. 

Aberraridjanua. 

^0  cut  to  unkindness. 

To  cut  one's  coat  according  to  one's  cloth. 
fare  Qpasao  eeeoftdo  la  gamba.    ItaL 

To  stand  for  cypher. 

D. 
To  take  a  dayyer,  and  drown  one's  self. 
To  be  at  daggers  drawing. 
To  look  as  if  he  had  sacked  hia  dam  through  a  hurdle. 


156  PaOY£BBIAli  PHBA8B8. 

To  dance  to  every  man  s  pipe  or  whistle. 

To  bam  day-light. 

To  deal  fools  dole. 
To  deal  all  to  others,  and  leare  nothing  to  hinuelf. 

Good  to  Bead  on  a  dead  body's  errand. 
Tu  taretti  ben  da  mandar  per  la  morte.    Ital. 

A  dead  woman  will  hare  four  to  carry  her  forth. 
To  work  for  a  dead  horse,  or  goose. 

To  work  out  an  old  debt,  or  wimont  hope  of  fiitnre  reward.  Aryim» 
refu  l4  bras  rompu. — Fr.  The  wages  had,  tne  arm  is  broken.  Chi  paga 
inanzi  i  aervito  indietro. — Ital.  He  that  pays  before-hand,  is  serred  be- 
hind-hand.    Chipaga  inanzi  tratto  trova  U  lavor  maifatto, — Ital. 

If  thou  hadst  the  rent  of  Dee-mtlk,  thou  wouldst  spend  it. 

Chesh, 

Dee  is  the  name  of  the  rirer  on  which  the  city  of  Chester  stands :  the 
mills  thereon  yield  a  great  annual  rent,  greater  than  any  of  the  houses  about 
that  city. 

As  demure  as  if  butter  would  not  melt  in  his  mouth. 

Some  add.  And  yet  cheese  will  not  choke  him.  Caldo  de  torra  gu$  e$U 
frio,  y  quema, — Span. 

To  get  by  a  thing,  as  Dickson  did  by  his  distress. 

That  is,  oTer  the  shoulders,  as  the  Tulgar  usually  say.  There  is  a  eoin- 
cidence  in  the  first  letters  of  Dickson  and  distress :  otherwise  who  th^a 
Dickson  was,  I  know  not 

Hold  the  dish  while  I  shed  my  pottage. 

To  lay  a  thing  in  one's  dish. 

He  claps  his  dish  at  a  wrong  man's  door. 

To  play  the  deml  in  the  bulmong. 
i,  e.  Com  mingled  of  peas,  tares,  and  oats. 

If  the  devil  be  a  vicar,  thou  wilt  be  his  clerk. 
The  devil  owed  him  a  shame. 
Do  and  undo,  the  day  is  long  enough. 

To  play  the  dog  in  the  manger ;  not  eat  yourself,  nor  let  any 
body  else. 

'AXXa  rb  r^c  Kvvbc  Troutc  riJQ  Iv  rff  ^drvp  raroccc/ilvifc  ^  ovrt 
airri)  ruv  KpiQStv  kBUt,  ovrt  nf  c^nry  ivvafiiv<f»  ^ayclv  ivi  rpiicti. — 
Lucian.  Canis  m  prasepi,  E  come  il  cane  dell*  ortolanoy  eke  mm  mangia 
de  eavoK  egli,  e  non  ne  lascia  mangiar  altri. — Ital.  Like  the  gardener's 
dog,  who  cannot  eat  the  coleworts  himself,  nor  will  suffer  others. 

Dogs  run  away  with  whole  shoulders. 
Kot  of  mutton,  but  their  own ;  spoken  in  derision  of  a  miser's  house 

We  dogs  worried  the  hare. 
To  serve  one  a  dog-trick. 


PROYERBIAL  PHRASfV.  157 

It  would  make  a  dog  doff  his  doablet*     Cheth. 
A  dog*9  life,  hunger  and  ease. 
To  dote  more  on  it  than  a  fool  on  his  bauble. 
He*ll  not  put  off  his  doublet  before  he  goes  to  bed* 
t.  e.  Part  with  his  estate  before  he  die. 

You  need  not  douht  you  are  no  doctor. 
He*ll  neTer  dow, 
a.  e.  Be  good  egg  nor  bird.    North, 

A  dram  of  the  bottle. 
This  is  the  seamen'B  phrase  for  a  draught  of  brandy,  wine,  or  strong  waten. 

To  dream  of  a  dry  summer. 

ril  make  you  know  your  driver,     Somers, 

One  had  as  good  be  nibbled  to  death  by  dueks  ;  or,  pecked  to 

death  by  a  hen. 
To  take  things  in  dudgeon^  or  to  wear  a  (^uify^on- dagger  by  his 

side. 
To  dine  with  Duke  Humphrey. 

That  is,  to  fast,  to  go  without  one's  dinner.  This  Duke  Humphrey  wai 
ancle  to  King  Henry  the  Sixth,  and  his  protector  during  his  minority ; 
ihike  of  Gloucester)  renowned  for  hospitality,  and  good  house-keeping. 
Those  were  said  to  dine  with  Duke  Humphrey,  who  walked  oat  dinner- 
time  in  the  hody  of  St.  Paul's  Church ;  hecause  it  was  believed  the  duke 
was  huried  there.  But  (saith  Dr.  Fuller)  that  saying  is  as  far  from  truth 
as  they  from  dinner,  even  twenty  miles  off ;  seeing  that  the  duke  was  huried 
in  the  church  of  St.  Alhan's,  to  which  he  was  a  groat  benefactor.  The 
Italians  say,  Dor  da  rodere  %  eieei. 

To  drink  like  a  funnel. 
She  is  past  dying  of  her  first  child. 
i.  e.  She  hath  had  a  bastard. 

E. 
Hi  dares  not  for  his  ears. 
To  fall  together  by  the  ears. 
In  at  one  ear,  and  out  at  the  other. 
Dtntro  da  un  orecchia  efuora  dalC  altra.    Ital. 

To  eat  one's  words. 
To  eat  the  calf  in  the  cow's  bellv. 
Come  la  gaUma  di  monte  cuccoU, — Ital.    Mangiar  la  ricoUa  in  erba. 

Ton  had  as  good  eat  your  nails. 
He  could  eatmj  heart  with  garlic. 
That  is,  he  hates  me  mortally. 

You  eat  above  the  tongue,  like  a  calf. 
He  hath  eaten  the  hen's  rump. 
Hawtangiato  U  cut  delta  galtina  — Ital.   Said  of  a  person  who  is  full  of  talk 


158  PROTEBBIAL  PHBASX8. 

There  is  as  much  hold  of  his  word  as  of  ft  wet  eel  by  thft  teiL 

'Air*  o^pac  riiv  iyx^^^^  *X**C' 

I  have  ^ff8  on  the  spit. 
I  sm  yexy  busy.    Eggs,  if  thej  be  well  roaated,  require  moob  tumiDf  . 

Neither  good  egg  nor  bird. 

You  come  with  your  five  egge  a  penny,  and  four  of  them  Lc 

rotten. 
Set  a  fool  to  roast  eggs,  and  a  wise  man  to  eat  them. 
An  egg^  and  to  bed. 

Give  him  the  other  half  egg,  and  burst  him. 
To  smell  of  tf/^ot^-grease. 

Lueamam  otere. 

She  hath  broken  her  elbow. 

That  is,  she  hath  bad  a  bastard.  Anotber  meaning  of  tbis  pbraie  see 
in  tbe  letter  B,  at  tbe  word  broken. 

JSlden  Hole  needs  filling.     Derhysh, 

Spoken  of  a  liar.  Elden  Hole  u  a  deep  pit  in  tbe  Peak  of  DerbyabirBy 
near  Castleton,  fiitbomleaa  tbe  bottom,  as  tbej  would  persuade  us.  It  is 
witbout  water ;  and  if  you  cast  a  stone  into  it,  jou  may  for  a  considerable 
time  bear  it  strike  against  tbe  sides  to  and  again,  as  it  deaoends,  each  stroke 
giving  a  great  report. 

To  make  both  ends  meet. 
To  bring  buckle  and  tbong  togetber. 

To  have  the  better  end  of  the  staff. 

He'll  have  enough  one  day,  when  his  mouth  is  full  of  mould. 

A  sleeveless  errand. 

He  hath  escaped  a  scowering. 

Of  two  evilsy  choose  the  least. 
Del  mal  el  menos.     Span. 

Find  you  without  an  excuse,  and  find  a  hare  without  a  mense. 
Vuu  novit  quibui  ^fugii  Suerates.  Tbis  Eucrates  was  a  miller  in  Atbena, 
wbo  getting  share  in  tbe  goyemment,  was  very  cunning  in  finding  oat 
shifts  and  pretences  to  excuse  himself  from  doinfi^  bis  duty.  Tbe  Ittuiaos 
say,  In  ten  hora  nasee  wnfongo  ;  when  tbey  would  intimate  that  an  excuse 
IB  easily  found. 

I  was  by  (quoth  Pedley^  when  my  9ye  was  put  on. 
Tbis  Pedley  was  a  natural  fool,  of  whom  go  many  stories. 

To  cry  with  one  eye,  and  laugh  with  the  other. 

P. 

To  set  a  good/o^  on  a  thing. 
tkir€  bfmne  mtiM.    Fr. 


PBOT£BBIAL  PHBASES.  159 

I  think  bia  fae^  Ib  made  of  a  fiddle ;    erery  one  that  looks  on 

him  loTCs  him. 
To  come  a  day  after  the /air. 

Kar6iru  .-^c  «opri}c  9c<ic.    PottfuHum  vemtti.    Flat  in  G«r^. 

It  will  he  fair  weather  when  the  shrews  hare  dined. 

Fair  play's  a  jewel ;  don't  pull  my  hair. 

He  pins  his  faith  on  another  man's  sleeye. 

To  faU  away  from  a  horse-load  to  a  cart-load. 

Fall  back,  fall  edge. 

Farewell,  and  be  hanged ;  friends  must  part. 

FaremeU,  frost ;  nothing  got,  nor  nothing  lost. 

He  thinks  hisybr^  as  sweet  as  musk. 

VLefarU  frankincense. 

llis  is  an  ancient  Greek  proTerb ;  Biinv  Xi/3avwrov.  Self-loTS  makes 
cren  a  man's  yioes,  infirmitiea,  and  impofeotionB,  to  please  him.  Smu 
tuiffie  erqnhu  bene  olet. 

He  makes  a  Yerj  fart  a  thunder-clap. 

All  the  fafs  in  the  fire. 

To  feather  one's  nest  well. 

To  go  to  heayen  in  hfeather-hed. 
Nan  eat  e  ierrie  mottie  ad  aeira  via, 

3etteTfed  than  taught. 

AllfeUows  at  foot-ball. 

If  gentlemen,  and  persona  ingeniously  edncated,  will  mingle  fhemselTei 
with  mstics  in  their  nide  sports,  they  must  look  for  usage  like  to,  or  rather 
coarser  than,  others. 

Qo  fiddle  for  shiyes  among  old  wiyes. 
Fiffhi  dog,  fight  bear. 
ifi  dq^ugnea  in  alieno  negotio. 

To  fight  with  one's  own  shadow. 

liicta^axiiv.  To  fight  with  shadows ;  to  be  afiraid  of  his  own  fimdes, 
imagining  danger  where  there  is  none. 

To  Jill  the  mouth  with  empty  spoons. 
A  fate  new  nothing. 
He  put  hfine  feather  in  my  cap. 
i.  «.  Honour  without  profit. 

To  haye  a,  finger  in  the  pie. 

He  had  a,  finger  in  the  pie  when  he  burnt  his  nail  off. 
To  foul  oneafingere  with. 

He  hath  more  wit  in  his  little  finger  than  then  in  thy  whole 
body. 


160  PUOTERBIAL  PHJU8B8. 

To  pat  out*  ^finger  in  the  fire. 

PrudetainJUmimamne  manum  mjieiio. — ^Hieron.  Fat  not  your  flaget 
needlessly  into  the  fire.  Meddle  not  with  a  qnazrel  Yoluntarily,  whereim 
you  need  not  bo  concerned. — ftoT.  xxtI.  17. 

To  have  a  thing  at  Mv&fingerM'  ends. 

Seir9  ianguam  unguet  digito$qne.  The  Spaniards  say,  Yo  to  tema  en  d 
pieo  de  la  lengua. 

KvA  fingers  are  lime  twigs. 
Spoken  of  a  thieyish  person. 

kVLfire  and  tow. 
To  come  to  fetch  ^r^. 

To  go  through  ^r0  and  water  to  serve  or  do  one  good. 
Probably  from  the  two  sorts  of  ordeal  by  fire  and  water. 

To  add  fuel  to  the/r^. 
Oleum  cammo  addere. 

All  isjish  that  comes  to  net. 

You^A  fair  and  catch  a  frog. 

Neither /sA,  nor  flesh,  nor  good  red  herring. 

//  n*€8t  ni  chair  ni  poisson,     ¥t. 

I  have  other  ^A  to  fry. 
^■"■fljr^^  and  starts,  as  the  hog  pisseth. 
By  Jits  and  girds,  as  an  ague  takes  a  goose. 

To  give  one  hjlap  with  the  fox's  tail, 
i.  e.  To  cozen  or  defrand  one. 

He  wonlAJki/  a  flint,  or^y  a  groat. 

Spoken  of  a  covetous  person.  The  Italians  say,  Cavar  daUa  r^M  tngwt. 
To  draw  blood  from  a  turnip. 

To  send  one  away  with  ^flea  in  his  ear.         « 

Lo  gU  ho  metto  un  pulce  nel  orecchio. — Ital.  It  is  not  eas^  to  oonoeive 
by  those  who  haye  not  experienced  it,  what  a  buzzing  and  noise  a  flea  will 
make  there. 

What  does  not  float,  is  rotten. 

Qual  che  non  guazza  e  fracido. — Ital.  He  who  docs  regard  smalJ 
matters  with  respect  to  character,  must  be  vile  in  disposition. 

*Tis  the  fairest ^t^^  in  his  crown,  or  garden. 

To^y  at  all  game. 

'Tis  tL  folly  to  fret ;  grief's  no  comfort. 

More  fool  than  fiddler. 

The  vicar  of  fools  is  his  ghostly  father. 

To  set  the  he&t  foot  forward. 

Tic  hath  a  (tiir  forehead  to  grafl  on. 


PKOYBBBIAIi  PHBASES.  161 

rUforeheet  (t.  e,  predetermine)  nothing  bat  building  churches, 

and  lonping  orer  them.    Northern* 

Better  lost  than  found, 

Too  free  to  be  fat. 

He  \Bfree  of  Fumbler's-hall. 
Spoken  of  a  mim  that  cannot  get  bis  wife  with  chikL 

He  may  e'en  >go  write  to  his  friende. 

We  say  it  of  a  man  when  all  his  hopes  are  gone.  The  French  ny,  II 
at  redmt  aux  abou. 

To  fry  in  his  own  grease. 

Out  of  Xht  frying-pan  into  the  fire. 

Coder  daUa  padella  neUe  bragie. — Ital.  SautUr  de  lapoUe  H  aejetUr  dan» 
id  braiaea. — Fr.  Defumo  injlammam  (which  Animianua  MarceUintts  citoi 
as  an  ancient  proTerb;  hath  the  same  sense.  EvitM  Charybdi  in  SeyUam 
indder$.  Ni  einertm  vitana  in  prunaa  incidaa.  'Etc  to  vvp  Ik  tov  xdwov 
— Lodan.  Fogir  do  fumo^  e  eair  no  fogo, — ^Port.  The  Spaniardi  say^ 
Andar  da  co^oa  an  eoi/bdroa. 

You  are  never  well,  fvU  nor  fasting. 

G. 

The  gdHowe  groans  for  you. 

To  yo^tf  for  a  benefice. 

He  may  go  hang  himself  in  his  own  gartere. 

All  your  geese  are  swans. 

Swam  emgua  ptUehrum,  H  auo  aoldo  wU  tredaei  danari, — Ital.  His 
ihilling's  worth  thirteen  pence. 

You*re  a  man  among  the  geeee  when  the  gander  is  away. 
Here  is  Gerard's  bailiff ;    work,  or  you  must  die  with  cold. 

Somerset, 
What  he  gets,  he  gets  out  c^  the  fire. 
Yoo  get  as  good  as  you  bring. 

<^tai  aaino  da  inpareUy  attri  rieeva. — ^Itai. 

He  would  get  money  in  a  desert. 

Vivera  afar  robba  in  au  F  aequa. — Ital.  He  would  thrire  where  another 
vould  starve. 

To  get  over  the  shoulders. 

All  that  you  get  you  may  put  in  your  eye,  and  see  nerer  the 

worse. 

The  Italians  say,  Sipotrabbono  eontar  90I  naao.  You  may  count  it  witk 
your  note. 

He  bestows  his  atfts  as  broom  doth  honey, 
firooffl  is  so  far  from  sweet,  that  it  is  rery  bitter. 

I  thought  I  would  give  him  one,  and  lend  liim  another, 
i  #.  I  would  be  qoii  with  him. 


1 64  FBOTIXBIAL  PHliAdl*. 

To  take  a  hair  of  the  same  doe. 
t.  #.  To  be  dnmk  again  the  next  £iy. 

To  cat  the  hair. 
t.  #.  To  dinde  so  exactly  aa  that  neither  part  hava  adTantage. 

You  halt  hefore  you're  Ume. 

To  make  a  hand  of  a  thing. 

Hand  over  head,  as  men  took  the  coYenant. 

They  two  are  hand  in  glove. 

Sciio  dmU  e  gengiva, — Ital.    Somopam  $  eaeio. 

To  live  from  hand  to  month. 
In  diem  vwere  ;  or,  as  Penioa,  Ex  Umpore  Wmtt. 

To  have  his  hands  full. 
/'  at  asMz  d/aire  mviron  lea  maina.    Fr. 

I'll  lay  my  hand  on  my  halfpenny  ere  I  part  with  it. 
I  will  wash  my  hands,  and  wait  upon  you. 
To  hang  one's  ears. 
Demitto  auricuUu  tU  miqum  mmtU  aaettut,    Horat. 

They  hang  together  like  burs,  or  like  pebbles  in  a  halter. 
Let  him  hang  by  the  heels.     Somerset. 

Of  a  man  that  <ue«  in  debt :  his  wife  leaving  all  at  her  death,  cryinz  hei 
roods  in  three  markets,  and  three  parish  cnurches,  is  so  firee  or  afi  bet 
debts. 

To  catch  a  hare  with  a  tabret. 

On  naprendpaa  le  Havre  au  taiourm, — ^Fr.  One  cannot  catch  a  hare 
with  a  tabret.  Bova  venari  leporem. — ^lAt.  //  lupo  no  eaea  agnellL  Wo 
don't  gather  figs  from  thistles. 

You  must  kiss  the  harems  foot,  or  the  cook. 

Spoken  to  one  that  comes  so  late  that  he  hath  lost  his  dinner  or  supper. 
Why  the  hare's  foot  must  be  kissed  1  know  not ;  why  the  cook  shouia  be 
kissed  there  is  some  reason,  to  get  some  victuals  of  her.  The  Spaniards 
say,  Ijlamar  a  uno  dabaxo  da  la  meaa. 

Set  the  harems  head  against  the  goose  giblets. 
t.  #.  Balance  things,  set  one  against  another. 

'Tis  either  a  hare  or  a  brake-bush. 
rXoiov  ^  Kw^,    Aut  navia,  out  galarua.    Something,  if  yon  knew  what 

To  be  out  of  harm's  way. 
Ego  ero  poat  principw.    Terent. 

To  harp  upon  the  same  string. 

Eamdem  eantilenam  reeinerai  ei  addem  ehordd  abarrara.    Horat. 

He  is  drinking  at  the  harrow  when  he  should  be  foUowiDg  tha 

plough. 
To  make  a  long  harvest  of  a  little  com. 

Oamar  nooka  y  dia,  y  no  achar  harma*    Span. 


FROTXBBIAL  ?nUA8K8.  165 

Fo  liear  as  hogs  do  in  harvest ;  or,  with  your  hairest  ean. 
He  is  none  of  the  Hastings, 

Spoken  of  a  alow  person.  JThere  is  an  eqniToqne  in  the  word  Hastingt, 
which  u  the  name  of  a  great  family  in  Leicestersnire,  which  were  £arU  of 
Huntington.  They  had  a  fiiir  house  at  Ashby  de  Ln  Zonch,  now  mueCi 
ruined. 

Too  hasty  to  be  a  parish  clerk. 
Better  have  it  than  hear  of  it. 
He  knows  not  a  hawk  from  a  hand-saw. 
Some  say,  He  knows  not  B  from  a  bull's  foot. 

To  be  as  good  eat  hay  with  a  horse. 

To  haye  his  head  under  one's  girdle. 

To  comb  one's  head  with  a  joint  stooL 
Lanark  il  capo  eon  Ufrombole,    ItaL 

He  cannot  hear  on  that  ear. 

He  may  be  heard  where  he  is  not  seen. 

His  heart  fell  down  to  his  hose  or  heels. 
Ammutmpedea  deeidiL 

He  is  heart  of  oak. 

HeU  is  broken  loose  with  them. 

Harrow  [or  rake]  hell,  and  scum  the  de?il. 

To  help  at  a  dead  lift. 

To  throw  the  hehe  after  the  hatchet. 

To  be  in  despair.  Adporditam  teeuHm  manubrium  adjieere.  Some  say, 
To  throw  the  rope  after  the  bucket. 

To  fish  for  a  herring,  and  catch  a  sprat. 
SicJdedg-piekledg,  or  one  among  another. 

We  have  in  our  language  many  the  like  conceited  rhymine  words  or  re- 
duplications, to  signify  any  confusion  or  mixture ;  as  hurly-burly,  hodge* 
podge,  mingle-mangle,  arsy-yersy,  hurdy-gurdy,  kim-kam,  hub-bub,  craw* 
ly-mawly,  hob-nob. 

To  be  high  in  the  instep. 

To  be  on  the  high  ropes. 
Saltar  $u  l9  bUa.    Ital. 

To  hit  the  nail  on  the  head. 

Toucher  am  btanc^Tr.    To  hit  the  white. 

To  hit  the  bird  on  the  eye. 

To  hit  o?er  the  thumbs. 

Hohsons  choice. 

A  man  is  said  to  hare  Hobeon's  choice  when  he  must  either  take  what 
is  left  him,  or  chooee  whether  he  will  have  any  part  or  no.  This  Hobsoa 
was  a  noteii  carrier  in  Cambridge,  in  King  James's  time,  who,  partly  b? 
emying,  partly  by  gradng,  raised  himselt'  to  a  great  estate,  and  did  muco 


165  PBOTESBIAI.  PHJU8X6. 

^ood  iu  the  town ;  relieTmg  the  poor,  and  bnildin^  r  puhUc  oosdiiit  IB  the 
market-place.    The  Italians  say,  Ber«  o  affogaru 

To  make  a  hog  or  a  dog  of  a  thing. 

The  hog^  to  the  honey-pots. 

What  can  yon  expect  of  a  hog  bnt  hia  bristles  ? 

To  bring  one's  hog%  to  a  fair  market. 

To  hold  with  the  hare,  and  run  with  the  hound. 

Not  much  unlike  hereto  is  that  Latin  one,  Jhiahui  seili»  99dtirt^  L  e.  m* 
eertarvm  esse  partium  ;  and,  ancipiti  JSde  ambabttt  tervire  vtUe,  t.  Erwni. 
Libcrius  Mimus,  chosen  into  the  senate  by  Ciesar,  coming  to  sit  down  by 
Cicero,  he,  refusing  him,  said,  I  would  take  you  in,  did  we  not  sit  so  dose 
[MMt  anffuste  sederemus] ;  reflecting  upon  Cffisar,  who  chose  so  many  into 
the  senate  that  there  was  scarce  room  tor  them  to  sit.  liberius  replied, 
But  you  were  wont  to  sit  upon  two  stools  [duahtt  sellit  sedere] ;  meaning 
to  be  on  both  sides.    Andare  eon  due  oembaU  en  colombt^-^lislL 

He'll  find  some  ?u}le  to  creep  out  at. 

To  make  a  hole  in  the  water. 

•'.  e.  To  fall  into  it. 

He  is  all  honey  or  all  t — d. 

A    T       u  f  brake  bread. 

As  honest  a  man  as  ever  <  ^    j         u      i    ^i. 

\  trod  on  shoe  leather. 

An  honest  man,  and  a  good  bowler. 

By  hook  or  by  crook. 

Quo  Jure,  quique  iiyurii. — ^Terent.  ^i!^  d  droU  ou  k  UrU — Fr.  F(^ 
leme  eame. — Itfd. 

Your  horse  cast  a  shoe. 

You  ride  on  a  horse  that  was  foaled  of  an  acorn. 

That  is,  the  gallows. 

They  cannot  set  their  horses  together. 
He  hath  good  skill  in  horse-fleshy  to  buy  a  goose  to  ride  on. 
See  how  we  apples  swim,  quoth  the  horse-t — rf. 
To  throw  the  home  out  of  the  windows. 
Td  viTipripo  viprtpa  BficM,     Tirar  sasei. — IIaI. 

Too  hot  to  hold. 
Moderaia  durant. 

He  is  so  hungry  he  could  eat  a  horse  behind  the  saddle. 

I,  J. 

To  be  Jack  on  both  sides. 

Oiser  a  do^  co^.— Span.  'AXXoirpotraXXoc.  A  tum-oofit,  a  weathftP 
cock. 

To  play  the  Jack  with  one. 

To  haye  Janwvry  chicks. 
Aver  ipuhmi  di  genaio.    To  hare  children  in  old  age. 


PSOTERBIAL  PHBJlSXS.  16/ 

To  break  the  ie^, 

Momper  t^^AMoob.— ItaL  Scifukr$  glaemu  To  bepn  any  huardoni  &f 
difficult  thing. 

Sick  of  the  idle^. 

Sick  of  the  idle  crick,  and  the  belly- wark  in  the  heel. 

BeUy-wark,  L  #.  belly-ache.  It  is  uaed  when  people  complain  of  aiok- 
neaa  for  a  pretence  to  be  idle  upon  no  apparent  cause. 

You'll  soon  learn  to  shape  Idle  a  coat. 
If  my  annt  had  been  a  man,  sheM  hare  been  my  uncle. 
Spoken  in  derision  of  those  who  make  ridiculous  surmises. 

Oive  him  an  inehj  and  he'll  take  an  ell. 
The  Spaniards  say,  Lame  donde  me  aenentey  qm  yo  hare  me  aeuesie. 

He  hath  no  ink  in  his  pen. 
t.  e.  No  money  in  his  purse,  or  no  wit  in  his  head. 

K. 

To  lay  the  key  under  the  threshold. 
To  kick  the  innd. 
».  «.  To  be  hanged.    Foeeafare  come  la  eieala  ehe  men  eontando. 

To  kiO  yriih  kindness. 

So  the  ape  is  said  to  strangle  her  young  ones  by  embracing  and  huggine 
than.  And  so  may  many  be  said  to  do,  who  are  still  urging  their  sick 
friends  to  eat  this  and  that  and  the  other  thine,  thereby  dogging  their 
stomachs,  and  adding  fuel  to  their  diseases,  fonmy  imagining,  that  if  they 
eat  not  a  while,  they  11  presently  die. 

Eim'kam. 

It  comes  by  kind^  it  costs  him  nothing. 

A  man  of  strange  kidney. 

Whosoever  is  king  thou* It  be  his  man. 

ril  make  one,  quoth  Kirkham,  when  he  danced  in  his  dogs. 

You  would  ki$8  my  a —  before  my  breeches  are  down. 

She  had  rather  kiss  than  spin. 

£tt  after  kind. 

Some  say,  Cat  will,  &c.  A  chip  of  the  old  block.  Qui  nalt  de  geUne  H 
erne  a  grtUer.—FT,  He  that  was  bom  of  a  hen  loves  to  be  scratching. 
Qui  di  yaliina  muee  eotwien  ehe  rtupi, — ItaL 

EU  careless,  your  a —  hangs  by  trumps. 

As  very  a  knave  as  ever  p — d. 
Some  say  whore. 

JShit  my  dog  a  pair  of  breeches,  and  my  cat  a  codpiece. 

He  hath  tied  a  knot  with  his  tongue  that  he  cannot  untie  with 

all  his  teeth. 

Meaning  matrimony. 


168  YBOTIBBIAL  FHBASBS. 

*Ti8  a  good  knife;  it  will  cut  butter  when  'tis  meltedi 
A  good  kntfe,  it  was  made  five  miles  beyond  Cutwell. 
You  say  true  ;  will  you  swallow  my  knife  f 
It  does  me  hnigMe  service. 
He  ffot  a  hnoek  in  the  cradle. 
To  know  one  from  a  black  sheep. 
He  hnowB  one  point  more  than  the  devil. 
Speaking  of  a  cunning  fellow. 

To  hwu>  one  as  well  as  a  beggar  knows  his  dish. 

To  know  one  no  more  than  he  does  the  Pope  of  Rome. 

Better  known  than  trusted. 

L. 

To  have  nothing  but  one's  labour  for  one's  pains. 
Awir  fatter  pour  k  p&nir, — ^Fr.    To  have  one's  going  for  one's  ooming. 

You'll  go  up  the  ladder  to  bed. 
t.  #.  Be  hanged. 

At  latter  Lammas. 

Ad  €hraea»  caiendM ;  i,  e»  never.    'Eirtdvrffiiovoi  rcKcwffc.     Cktmwtmk 
parhmt, — Herodot. 

Help  the  lame  dog  over  the  stile. 
The  lamentation  of  a  bad  market. 
He  was  lapped  in  his  mother's  smock. 
The  lapwing  cries  most  farthest  from  her  nest. 
The  larks  fall  there  ready  roasted. 
Vi  M  hgano  le  viti  am  U  talticcie.    ItaL 

To  laugh  in  one's  face,  and  cut  his  throat. 

As  bottled  ale  is  said  to  do.    Da  una  banda  m*  onge^  dm  F  aU^a  mepftngg 
—ItaL 

He  can  laugh  and  cry  both  in  a  wind. 

To  laugh  in  one's  sleeve. 

More  Hke  the  devil  than  St.  Laurence. 

He'll  go  to  law  for  the  wagging  of  a  straw. 

To  have  the  law  in  one's  own  hand. 

He  is  ready  to  leap  over  nine  hedges. 

She  doth  not  leap  an  inch  from  a  shrew. 

To  leap  over  the  hedge  before  you  come  at  the  stile. 

All  the  leaven  you  can  lay  will  not  do  it.     Somere. 

She  hath  broken  her  leg  above  the  knee. 
I.  #.  Had  a  bastard. 

He  is  on  his  last  lege. 

To  have  the  Ungth  of  one's  foot. 


BBOTSBBIAL  FmUBIS.  169 

To  Uei  one's  self  whole  again. 

To  Uek  honey  through  a  cleft  stick. 

To  ^  as  fast  as  a  dog  can  lick  a  dish. 

That's  a  ke  with  a  ktchet,  all  the  dogs  in  the  towns  cannot 

match  it. 
To  tell  a  man  a  lie,  and  gi?e  him  a  reason  for  it. 
To  stand  in  one's  own  It^ht, 
He  liffhU  his  candle  at  both  ends. 
Like  me,  God  bless  the  example. 
Like  a  loader's  horse,  that  lives  among  thieyes. 

The  countrjinaii  near  a  towiu    Somers. 

If  the  lion'8  skin  cannot,  the  fox's  shall. 

Si  Uonina  peUtM  turn  tatit  eat,  atmtenda  vuipina.  Cottdre  k  peau  dt  rtg* 
nard  d  celU  du  Hon. — Fr.  To  attempt  or  compass  that  by  craft  which  W( 
cannot  ohtain  or  effect  by  force.    Doku  an  virtua  quU  in  hoaU  n^mrit. 

Ton  may  if  yon  liet;  bnt  do  if  you  dare. 

If  he  were  as  long  as  he  is  lither,  he  might  thatch  a  honse  with* 

out  a  ladder.     Chesh, 
Londoner  like,  as  much  more  as  you  will  take. 
To  send  by  Tom  Long  the  carrier. 

Bather,  to  wait  for  Tom  Long  the  carrier.    To  wait  to  no  purpose. 

He  hoke  as  if  he  had  neither  won  nor  lost. 
He  stands  as  if  he  were  moped,  in  a  brown  study,  nnconcemed. 

To  lose  one's  longing. 

He'U  not  few  (  *^*  droppmm  of  his  now. 
I  the  paring  of  his  uails. 
JB^A  9eoirioirthh€  un  pidoeehio  per  haveme  la  peOe. — ItaL     He  would  flaj 
a  loose  to  get  the  skin.    Aguam  plorat  eum  lavat  fundere^^^VltmL 

To  lose  a  sheep  for  a  halfpenny-worth  of  tar. 
To  go  niggaroly  about  a  business.    Andare  ttretto,    ItaL 

To  be  looee  in  the  hilts. 

Tmiennar  mi  mameo, — ^Ital.    To  be  fickle,  not  to  be  relied  upon. 

I  am  loth  to  change  my  mill.      Somerset, 
t.  e.  Eat  of  another  dish. 

Ware  skins,  quoth  Grubber,  when  he  flung  the  huee  into  the 

fire. 

There's  hve  in  a  budget. 

They  hve  Uke  chick. 

She  loves  the  poor  well,  but  cannot  abide  beggars.    Swn, 
Of  pretenders  to  charity. 

To  love  at  the  door,  and  leave  at  the  hatdi. 


170  PBOVS&BIAL  PH&AflSS. 

See  for  your  love,  and  bay  for  your  money. 
I  coiild  not  get  any,  neither  for  love  nor  money. 
To  leave  one  in  the  lurch. 

M. 

Madge,  good  cow,  gives  a  good  pail  of  milk,  and  then  kieka 

it  down  with  her  foot. 
To  correct,  or  mend,  the  Ma^ifieat, 

t.  e.  To  correct  that  which  is  without  any  &iilt  or  error.  MagnifieiU  ia 
the  Virgin  Mary's  hymn,  Luke  1.  So  called  from  the  first  wora  of  it, 
which  is  magmjUeat :  as  the  other  hymns  are  called  Benedietuty  Nunc  di' 
mittia,  T$  Jkum^  &c.  for  the  same  reason,    ^odum  in  teirpo  guarere. 

She's  a  good  maid,  but  for  thought,  word,  and  deed. 
There  are  never  the  fewer  maids  for  her. 
Spoken  of  a  woman  that  hath  maiden  children. 

For  my  peck  of  malt  set  the  kiln  on  fire. 

This  IS  used  in  Cheshire  and  the  neighboorinff  oonntiei.  They  mean 
by  it,  I  am  little  concerned  in  the  thing  mentioned :  I  care  not  much,  oome 
on  it  what  will. 

One  lordship  is  worth  all  his  manners. 

There  is  an  eqaiTO<)ne  in  the  word  manners,  which,  if  written  with  an  «, 
sigrnifies  morsi ;  if  with  an  o,  maimeria :  howbeit,  in  the  pronunciation 
they  are  not  distinguished ;  and  perhaps  in  writing,  too,  they  ought  not 

You  know  good  manners,  but  you  use  but  a  few. 
To  miss  his  mark, 
Aherrare  a  eeopo,  turn  atUngere  teopum  ;  or,  extra  aeopmnjacnUars. 

She  hath  a  ma/rk  after  her  mother. 
That  is,  she  is  her  mother^s  own  daughter.    Patria  estJUiut, 

The  grey  mare  is  the  better  horse. 
«.  «,  The  woman  is  master ;  or,  we  say,  wears  the  breeches. 

ril  not  go  before  my  mare  to  the  market. 
rU  do  nothing  preposterously :  I'll  drive  my  mare  before  me. 

All  is  well,  and  the  man  hath  his  mare  again. 
Much  matter  of  a  wooden  platter. 

£ittvd  irepj  ^c^c*  Mira  de  knte,  A  great  stir  about  a  thing  of  ttot!in|L 

More  malice  than  matter,     Somerset. 
One  may  know  your  meaning  by  your  gaping. 
You  measure  every  one*s  corn  by  your  own  busheL 
7k  mitmi  gli  aUn  eol  tuo  pastetto,     Ital. 

To  measure  his  cloth  by  another's  yard. 
To  wieasure  the  meat  by  the  man. 
ft.  «.  The  message  by  the  messenger. 
To  bring  meat  in  its  mouth. 


PfiOTEBBIAL  PHSA8E8.  171 

MMU  with  your  old  shoes. 

I'll  neither  msddle  nor  make,  sftid  Bill  Heaps,  when  he  spilled 

the  butter  milk. 
To  mend  as  sour  ale  does  in  summer. 
.Andare  in  peUieeiaria.    ItaL 

I  cry  you  merey,  I  took  you  for  a  joint-stool. 

To  spend  his  Mkhadmas  rent  in  Midsummer  moon. 

You'd  marry  a  midden  for  muck. 

Either  by  might  or  by  sleight 

Their  mUk  sod  over. 

To  put  out  the  mittei^B  thumb. 

Spoken  by  good  honsewiyes,  when  they  haye  wet  their  meal  for  bread 
or  paste  too  mach. 

I  can  see  as  far  into  a  mtU^tone  as  another  man. 

A  Scotch  mist,  that  will  wet  an  Englishman  to  the  skin. 

Mock  not,  quoth  Montford,  when  his  wife  called  him  cuckold. 

To  haye  a  morUKs  mind  to  a  thing. 

In  ancient  wills  we  find  often  mention  of  a  month's  mind,  and  also  of 
a  yearns  mind,  and  a  week's  mind ;  they  were  lesser  fdneral  solemnities, 
af^inted  by  the  deceased,  at  those  times,  for  the  remembrance  of  him. 

Tell  me  the  moon*B  made  of  green  cheese. 

Qui  si  ccBlum  mat  t  Sour  al  cidio  eebolla. — Span.  Mottrar  htceioU  per 
lanUme. — Ital. 

The  moon  does  not  heed  the  barking  of  dogs. 

La  Iwta  turn  eura  f  abha^or  de  'eani, — ItaL  A  great  minister  despises 
the  sarcasm  of  low  writers. 

To  giye  one  a  mouthful  of  moonshine. 
To  feed  one  with  fedse  hopes,  to  make  a  jest  of  one. 

You  may  as  soon  shape  a  coat  for  the  Tnoon, 
To  make  a  mountain  of  a  mole- hill. 
Areem  tx  doaoafaotirty  tat  elepAanto  muacom. 

To  speak  like  a  mouse  in  a  cheese. 

Your  mouth  had  beguiled  your  hands. 

You'll  have  his  mwk  for  his  meat.     Torhsh, 

He  hath  a  good  muck-hiU  at  his  door. 
i,e.  He  is  rich. 

N. 
He  had  as  good  eat  his  naih. 
You  had  not  your  name  for  nothing. 

I  took  him  napping,  as  Moss  took  his  mare. 
Who  this  Moss  was  is  not  yery  material  to  know :  I  suppose  som?  suoii 


172  PBOTERBIAL  PHRA8B8. 

man  might  ftnd  his  mare  dead,  and  taking  her  to  bo  only  adeep,  wigfA 
njf  Hare  I  taken  you  napping  ? 

To  slip  one's  neck  out  of  the  collar. 

ril  fint  see  thy  neck  as  long  as  my  arm. 

Heek  or  nothing. 
AJIocmmUo.    ItaL 

I  may  see  him  need,  bnt  I'll  not  see  him  bleed. 

Parents  will  usually  say  this  of  prodigal  or  undntiful  children ;  mean- 
ing, I  will  be  content  to  see  them  suffer  a  little  hardship,  but  not  any 
great  misery  or  calamity. 

As  much  need  of  it  as  he  has  of  the  pip,  or,  of  a  coagh. 
Tell  me  newi. 
More  nice  than  wise. 

NicMU  in  nine  pokes,  or,  nooks.     Cheth. 
u  #.  Nothing  at  all. 

To  bring  a  noble  to  nine-pence,  and  nine-pence  to  nothing. 

Il/ait  dt  mm  Urton  de  tix  9ola,—^r,  To  bring  an  abbey  to  a  grange. 
Fare  di  trenta  tri  undieL — Ital.  The  Italians  also  say,  Far  dun  Itmeia  mn 
fu90.    To  cut  a  cloak  to  a  button. 

He  is  a  nonsuch. 
The  Italians  say,  He  is  a  cup  of  gold.    EffU  i  una  eoppa  d*oro,  . 

He  hath  a  good  noee  to  make  a  poor  man's  sow.  f 

H  aeroU  bonne  truie  d  pauvre  homwu,    Fr. 

To  h«ld  one's  noee  to  the  grindstone. 
To  follow  one's  noee. 
To  lead  one  by  the  noee, 

Menar  unoper  il  nato. — ^Ital.  T^c  ptv^c  tKKivOat.  This  is  an  ancient 
Greek  proverb.  Erasmus  saith,  the  metaphor  is  taken  from  buffaloes,  who 
are  led  and  guided  by  a  ring  put  in  one  of  their  nostrils,  as  I  have  often 
seen  in  Italy :  so  we  in  Engluid  are  wont  to  lead  bears. 

To  put  one's  noee  out  of  joint. 
You  make  his  noee  warp. 
I  wiped  his  noee  on  it. 
A  muto  aeeoo,    ItaL 

It  will  be  a  noeegay  to  him  as  long  as  he  liyes. 

It  will  stink  in  his  nostrils.  Spoken  of  any  bad  matter  a  man  hath 
been  engaged  in. 

To  be  nureed  in  cotton. 
AUevato  neUa  bambagia. — ItaL    To  be  brought  up  with  great  tendemeas. 

o. 

To  cut  down  an  oak,  and  set  np  a  strawberry. 

Cavar  un  ehiodo  epiantar  una  eavicchia, — Ital.  To  dig  up  a  nail,  sad 
plant  apijL 


PBOTEBBIAL  7HBA8B8.  173 

To  hare  an  oar  in  eyery  man's  boat. 
A9tf9  aUo  adognitemmo. — ItaL    To  be  meddling  in  other peopW  affuis. 

Be  good  in  your  office;  you'll  keep  the  longer  on. 
To  gire  one  a  cast  of  hia  office. 
He  hath  a  good  office :  he  must  needs  thriye. 
To  bring  an  old  house  on  one's  head. 

TagUarsi  Ugni  addouo. — ItaL    To  be  instrumental  to  one's  min. 

To  rip  up  old  sores. 
To  cast  up  old  scores. 
One  may  wink  and  choose. 
Once  at  a  coronation. 
Neyer  but  once^  at  a  wedding. 
Some  say,  I  neyer  saw  it  but  once,  and  that  was  at  a  wedding. 

Onee,  and  use  it  not. 

One  yate  for  another,  good  fellow. 

They  father  the  original  of  this  upon  a  passa^  between  one  of  the  Earls 
of  Kutland  and  a  country  fellow.  Ihe  Isil  nding  by  himsdf  one  day, 
orertook  a  ooimtryman,  who  Tery  civilly  opened  him  tne  first  gate  they 
came  to,  not  knowing  who  the  Earl  was.  When  they  came  to  the  next 
gate,  the  Earl  expecting  he  should  haye  done  ^e  same  again,  Nay,  soft, 
aaith  the  countryman ;  one  yate  for  another,  good  fellow. 

One*8  too  few,  three  too  many. 

A  man  need  not  look  in  your  month  to  know  how  old  you  are. 

JFaeits  tua  cott^ndat  annoi. 

To  make  ort$  of  good  hay. 
Over  shoes,  oyer  boots. 

This  hath  almost  the  same  sense  with  that,  Ad  perditam  eteunm  ma* 
tnAHum  adjitere, 

OtU  of  door,  out  of  debt     Somerset, 
Spoken  of  one  that  pays  not  when  once  gone. 

A  shiye  of  my  oum  loaf. 

A  pig  of  my  oum  sow. 

To  out-shoot  a  man  in  his  oum  bow. 

The  black  ox  neyer  trod  on  his  foot, 
t.  9,  He  neyer  knew  what  sorrow  or  adyenity  moaned. 

P. 

Maix  a  page  of  your  own  age. 
i.  tf.  Do  it  yoursell 

A  watched  pan  is  long  in  boiimg. 
To  make  a  panada  for  the  devil. 
Aatdar  a  eofa  de  gangaa, — Span,    t,  e.  To  low  one's  time  sad  labov. 

To  stand  upon  one's  pantoufles. 
In  aUnaion,  it  is  presamed,  to  the  hij^h  clogs,  called  e/kipMiv,  vron  focw 


174  PSOTEBBIAL  PHBAfiES. 

merly  In  Spain,  particularly  by  little  women,  to  make  them  appeal  taller. 
Metaphorically,  to  assume  consequence. 

To  pau  the  pikes. 

He  is  pattering  the  devil's  Paisr^noster, 

When  one  is  grumbling  to  himself  and  it  may  be  cursing  those  that 
haye  angered  or  displeased  him. 

^Vo  pay  one  in  his  own  coin. 

He  is  going  into  the  petu-^tldi, 
t.  e,  r'alling  asleep. 

To  be  in  a  peck  of  troubles. 
To  take  one  a  peg  lower. 

To  remind  upstarts  of  their  former  condition.  The  Spaniards  say,  Pan- 
udero  erodes  antsSf  aunque  aora  traeit  fuantet,  Tou  were  once  a  baker, 
though  you  now  wear  gloves. 

Penny-yfise  and  pound  foolish. 

Mfrpw  viiap  iri vovrcC)  a/icrpw;  fia^av  iSovrtQ.  i.  e.  Ad  memuram 
aquam  bibuntf  tine  mennira  offiam  comedmUe.  He  spares  at  the  tpigoc, 
and  lets  it  out  at  the  bung-hole. 

He  thinks  his  penny  good  silyer. 

To  take  pepper  in  the  nose. 

To  take  phync  before  one  be  sick. 

To  pick  a  hole  in  a  man's  coat 

He  knows  not  a  pig  from  a  dog. 

Pigs  play  on  the  oi^ans. 
A  man  so  called  at  Hog's  Norton,  in  Leicestershire,  or  Hock'a  Kortcn. 

PigM  fly  in  the  air  with  their  tails  forward. 

To  shoot  at  a  pigeon^  and  kill  a  crow. 

To  catch  two  pigeons  with  one  bean. 

Not  too  high  for  the  pye,  nor  too  low  for  the  crow. 

If  there  be  no  remedy,  then  welcome  PHhaU. 

To  be  in  a  merry  jt?iV». 

Probably  this  might  come  firom  drinking  at  pins.  The  Dutch,  and 
English  in  imitation  of  them,  were  wont  to  drink  out  of  a  cup  marked 
with  certain  pins,  and  he  accounted  the  man  that  could  nick  the  pin ; 
whereas,  to  go  aboye  or  beneath  it,  was  a  forfeiture.  J>r,  lUUer's  JSecbe, 
Hiei.  lib.  iii,  p.  17. 

Pinch  at  the  parson's  side. 

As  surly  as  if  he  had  p — d  on  a  nettle. 

To  p —  in  the  same  quill. 

To  stay  ajp« — g  while. 

He'll  play  a  small  game  rather  than  stand  out. 
AfUmdttt  tit  qui  ettharccaue  eese  non  potest. 

To  play  fast  and  loose. 


PBOTEBBIAL  PHKA618.  175 

The  play  wo'n't  pay  the  candies. 
Im  com  no  7  comporta,    ItaL 

To  plough  with  the  ass  and  the  ox. 
u  e.  To  sort  things  ill. 

Let  the  plough  stand  to  catch  a  mouse. 
Oitardttr  nel  htcignolo  e  non  neU  otto,    ItaL 

To  be  tost  from  post  to  pillory. 
To  go  to  pot. 

If  yon  touch  pot  you  must  touch  penny.     Somerset, 
Pay  for  what  you  have. 

I  know  him  not  should  I  meet  him  in  my  pottage  dish. 

To  prate  like  a  parrot. 

To  say  his  prayers  backward. 

To  be  in  the  same  predicament 

To  have  his  head  full  of  proclamations. 

Provender  pricks  him 

To  come  in  pudding  time. 

Her  pulse  beats  matrimony. 

To  no  more  purpose  than  to  beat  your  heels  against  the  ground^ 

or  wind. 

To  as  much  purpose  as  the  geese  slur  upon  the  ice.     Chesk. 

To  as  much  purpose  as  to  give  a  goose  hay.     Chesh, 

Yon  put  it  together  with  a  hot  needle  and  burnt  thread. 

He  is  ptU  to  bed  with  a  shovel. 
He  is  going  to  be  boned. 

Q. 

To  be  in  a  quandary. 

To  pick  a  quarrel. 

He'll  be  a  quartermaster  where'er  he  comes. 

To  touch  the  quick,  or  to  the  quick. 

R. 

To  go  rahhit  hunting  with  a  dead  ferret. 

Andar  a  ca^a  eon  huron  muerto. — Span.    To  undertake  a  bouBess  with 
'.mpToper  means. 

To  lie  at  rack  and  manger. 

If  it  should  rain  pottage,  he  would  want  his  dish. 

Ue  is  better  with  a  rake  than  a  fork,  and  vice  versd* 

Most  men  are  better  with  a  rake  than  a  fork ;  more  apt  te  poll  in  as3 
lerape  up,  than  to  give  out  and  communicate. 

You  will  have  the  red  cap. 


176  PAOTBBBIAL  FHBAJ9SS 

No  remedy,  but  patience. 
Said  to  a  marriage  maker. 

Set  your  heart  at  rest. 
Here's  nor  rhyme  nor  reason. 

Tlua  brings  to  mind  the  story  of  Sir  Thomas  More,  who  being,  by  tfia 
aathor,  asked  his  judgment  of  an  impertinent  book,  desired  him  by  all 
means  to  put  it  into  Terse,  and  bring  it  to  him  again ;  which  done,  Sir 
Thomas  looking  upon  it,  saith,  Tea,  now  it  is  somewluit  like ;  now  it  ia 
rhyme ;  before,  it  was  neither  rhyme  nor  reason. 

You  ride  as  if  you  went  to  fetch  the  midwife. 
You  shall  ride  an  inch  behind  the  tail. 
He'll  neither  do  right,  nor  suffer  wrong. 

You  are  rigJU  for  the  first miles. 

Give  me  rooit-meat,  and  beat  me  with  the  spit ;  or  run  it  iu 

my  belly. 
You  are  iu  your  roast-meat  when  others  are  in  their  fod. 

FriusquoM  maetaria  exooriaa. 

To  roh  the  spittle. 

To  roh  Peter  to  pay  PauL 

U  oste  a  S.  Pierre  pour  danner  a  8.  JM, — Fr.  The  Italians  say,  Sco^ 
prire  un  altars  per  eoprtrne  un  aUro,  Haserunho^parataparotrC'—S^Uk 

He  makes  Eohin  Mood's  penny-worths. 

This  may  be  used  in  a  double  sense ;  either  he  sells  thinss  for  half  thdr 
worth ;  Robin  Hood  afforded  rich  pennyworths  of  his  plundered  goods ;  or 
he  buys  thin^  at  what  price  he  pleases :  the  owners  were  glad  to  get  any 
thin^  of  Bobm  Hood,  who  otherwise  would  hare  taken  their  goods  for 
nothing. 

To  have  rods  in  pickle  for  one. 

You  gather  a  rod  for  your  own  breech. 

Telporte  le  bdUm  dont  a  aon  regret  le  bat  on, — Fr.  "Otr'  &vrif»  Kasd 
rtvx^*'  dvi^p  dWtft  Kaxd  rtvxiav. — Hesiod.  'Riri  vavrtf  ripf  9e\tivii> 
Ka9t\tiQ,    In  tuum  ipsiua  caput  lunam  dedueia. 

To  twist  a  rope  of  sand. 

'£c  TtiQ  ^diiiiov  xoiviov  wXicety. 

A  rope  and  butter ;  if  one  slip,  the  other  may  hold. 
I  thought  I  had  given  her  rope  enough,  said  Pedley,  when  he 
hanged  his  mare. 

To  give  one  a  Rowland  for  an  Oliver. 

That  is,  Quid  pro  quo,  to  be  eyen  with  one.    Je  bd  baiUerm  Chtg  temtn 
SoberL-^Fr.    Fan  per  foceaeia.—lX$L    Tit  tw  tat. 
To  run  through  thick  and  thin. 
His  shoes  are  made  of  running  leather. 
To  run  the  wild-goose  cha^e. 


nOTBBBIiX  PHiUBXS.  177 

To  nnio  one  way,  and  look  another. 

AiikuUen  do.  A<(uly  <«(  iwddtiiia,  dpiertpdv  i/c  iro^^irpoy."- 
Arutoph.  apud  SoidaiiL  AUera  manuftrt  lapid$in^  pamm  otUniat  aUvri. 
— Flaat 

S. 

Mobs  ioela  to  the  mill. 
He  has  a  ioddU  to  fit  every  horse. 
Mm  $$Ua  ad  ogni  cooaUo, — ItaL     He  has  a  salTO  for  OToy  sore. 

To  come  sailing  in  a  bow's  ear. 
To  scape  a  seowering, 

Ton  make  me  scratch  where  it  doth  not  itch. 
The  sea  complains  it  wants  water. 
That  would  I  fain  see,  said  blind  George  of  Hollowee. 
To  set  up  one's  staff. 
u  €,  To  resolve  to  abide  in  a  place. 

To  set  up  his  sail  to  every  wind. 

^  '    voiU  a  tout  vent, — Fr.    JBvannare  ad  omnem  aiirvMi.— Naoanxen. 


Set  a  cow  to  catch  a  hare. 
You  may  go  and  shake  your  ears. 
Spoken  to  one  who  has  lost  bis-  money. 

Share  and  share  alike  ;  some  all,  some  never  a  whit. 
Leonma  Soeietat, 

To  cast  a  sheep* s  eye  at  one. 
You  have  no  more  sheep  to  shear.     Somerset. 
To  cast  an  old  shoe  after  one. 
Not  worth  shoe-buckles. 
To  make  a  fair  show  in  a  country  church. 
He  shrinks  in  the  wetting. 
B  eome  eavatto  deff  unghia  bianeha,    Ital. 

Good  to  fetch  a  sick  man  sorrow,  and  a  dead  man  woe.  Chesh. 
To  pour  water  into  a  sieve. 

Cribro  aquam  hautirg.    Petcar  per  proeonaolo,    Ital. 

To  be  born  with  a  silver  spoon  in  his  mouth. 
The  Italians  say,  Aver  la  pera  mondo.    To  have  his  pear  ready  pared. 

To  sing  the  same  song. 

CkuUilenam  eandttn  eanere, — ^Terent  Fhonn.     Orambe  bis  coda.    Nothing 
more  tronbleaome  and  ungrateful  than  the  same  thing  orer  and  over 

Thou  singest  like  a  bird  called  a  swine. 

Sink  or  swim. 

To  call  one  Sir,  and  something  else  ;  i.  e.  Sirrah. 
Jf'  a  date  del  signoreper  il  capo,    Ital. 


178  TwmsBUL  PHmmB» 

To  set  all  at  m  and  seTen. 
To  ait  upon  one's  tiirU. 
To  slana&r  one  with  a  matter  of  tratH. 
To  tleep  a  dog*8  sleep. 
Slow  and  sore. 
I  imell  a  rat. 
What  a  deal  of  9mok$  ! 
Ch$  tpme, — ^ItaL    What  pride  or  anogsuce. 

To  driye  maiU :  A  snail's  gallop. 
Ihttudmmu  ^rwft».^Plattt     VieuHt  toMum  tmriSMt,    Iilam, 

Will  you  snap  [or  hite]  off  my  nose  t 
Tell  me  it  tnowi. 
To  take  a  thing  in  muff, 
t.  #.  In  anger.    SaUr  k  mo$ch»  al  mom.    ItaL 

To  haye  a  iofi  place  in  his  head. 
Fair  and  tofify,  as  lawyers  go  to  hearen. 
As  iofikf  as  foot  can  fall. 
Suimuotpedei  pontr», — Qaintil .    Stttpmuo  grain  w$, — ^Tsnnt 

A  Samertan  endixiff.     Somerset. 
f.  «.  When  the  difierenoe  between  two  ii  dinded. 

To  take  a  wrong  sow  by  the  ear. 
A  sow  to  a  fiddle. 
*Ovoc  Xvpac.    Atmut  ad  Jj^mn.  ' 

To  sow  his  wild  oats. 

As  they  sow  so  let  them  reap. 
Ut  semmUmfiemt  Ua  metea. 

To  be  tied  to  the  sour  apple-tree.  J 

t.  «.  To  be  married  to  an  lU  husband.  The  Italians  say,  8t  Ma  mamgitHf 
1$  eandtk  ora  oaga  pU  aioppmi,  ; 

To  call  a  spade  a  spade. 
You  never  speak  but  your  mouth  opens. 
Voua  avez  (uaat  priMf  boire  un  eoup,    Fr. 

Spick  and  span  new. 

From  tpieof  an  ear  of  com,  and  the  spawn  of  fishes,  saiih  Mr.  Howel : 
but  rather,  as  I  am  informed  by  a  better  author,  spike  is  a  sort  of  nail, 
and  spawn  is  a  chip  of  a  boat;  so  that  it  is  all  one  as  to  say,  Srery  chip 
and  nail  is  new.    m  novojiammmte.    Ital. 

Spare  at  the  spicket,  and  let  it  out  at  the  bung-hole. 

S  Um  tu  daUa  tpina  e  tpend$  doi  eoecofu, — ^Ital.  ASUgar  ctnma^jf 
dnperdieiar  Aaniki.—SDan.  To  save  what  is  worth  nothing,  and  M 
IsTish  of  what  is  Taluable. 

SfU  in  your  hand»  and  take  better  hold. 


PBOTXBBIAL  PHBJlBXS.  179 

To  put  a  9pok$  in  his  wheel. 
To  prerent  his  aeoompluhing  hiB  desigii. 

He*U  mlit  a  hair. 

The  SpttnianlB  aay,  I^doMopafU  un  eommo,  Sach  an  one  splits  a  cum- 
min seed. 

He  hath  a  spring  in  his  elhow. 
Spokea  of  a  gamester. 

Yoa  would  «py  faults  if  your  eyes  were  ouU 

To  make  one  a  «^ibn^-horse. 

She  ttamps  like  a  ewe  upon  yeaning.     Sam&rset, 

What,  starve  in  a  cook's  shop  ! 

Biukirer  la  toif  aupret  d*  tme  fontame, — ^Fr.  Mourir  ds  faim  auprm 
du  mitier. — Fr.  This  may  be  made  a  sentence  by  patting  it  imperatiTely. 
Kerer  starre,  &c. 

He's  sUel  to  the  hack  hone. 

To  go  through  stitch  with  a  husiness. 

To  stick  by  the  ribs. 

He  hath  swallowed  a  stake ;  he  cannot  stocp. 

The  more  you  stir  the  worse  you  stink. 

Ml)  ciVfZv  KUKhv  ed  c/tficvov.  Phtafaietii  tUrwra  mcta.  Quanta  pm 
ri  mga  tatUo  pm  pttzMa  il  stronso. — ItaL    The  more  yon  stir  a  t—d,  fte* 

You  stout  and  I  stout,  who  shall  carry  the  dirt  out  f 
IW  bamba  yo  bamboy  no  ay  fnien  not  tanga.    Span. 

To  siram  at  a  gnat»  and  swallow  a  camel. 
To  stumhU  at  a  straw,  and  leap  over  a  block. 

These  tWo  prorerbs  hsTe  the  same  sense :  the  foimer  is  nsed  by  our 
SaTiour.    Matt  zxiiL  24. 

When  two  Sundays  meet. 

t.  tf.  Nerer.  Ad  Ortseat  eaUndaa,  Quanta  la  rdna  tmiers  peh  ttrdU 
btieno,—SptaL    When  the  frog  has  hair  you'll  be  good. 

To  stPoUow  an  ox,  and  be  choked  with  the  tail. 
It  hath  the  same  sense  with  the  two  last  save  one. 

f  through  an  inch  board. 

He'll  swear<  *  ^8®'  ^^^  ^^  sheath. 
I  the  devil  out  of  hell. 

l^'till  he's  black  in  the  fiace. 

T. 
To  thrust  his  feet  under  another  man's  table. 

AUnta  viven  quadra,    J)ar  del  naso  dentro»    ItaL 

You  must  take  the  fat  with  the  lean. 
Non  aepud  avor$  H  mele  »enta  le  moaehe,    ItaL 

To  tah$  from  one's  right  side,  to  give  to  one's  left. 

ir  2 


180  PBOTEBBIAL  FnBA.nB. 

To  take  one  up  before  he  is  down. 

To  take  the  bird  by  the  feet. 

Take  all,  and  pay  the  baker. 

A  tale  of  a  tub. 

You  will  tell  another  tale  when  yon  are  tried. 

To  tell  tales  out  of  school. 

To  talk  like  an  apothecary. 

I'll  thank  you  for  the  next,  for  this  I  am  sure  of. 

There*8  a  thin^  in't,  quoth  the  fellow  when  he  drank  the 

dish-clout, 
ril  not  pull  the  thorn  out  of  your  foot,  and  pat  it  into  ni> 

own. 
To  stand  upon  thonu. 
Thrift  and  he  are  at  a  fray. 
When  thriffe  in  the  field,  he's  in  town. 
*  Twill  not  be  why  for  thy. 

Spoken  of  a  bad  bargain,  or  great  loss  for  little  profit. 

He  struck  at  Tib^  but  down  fell  Tom. 

To'fnorrow  comes  never. 

His  tongue" e  no  slander. 

Your  tongue  runs  before  your  wit. 

This  is  an  ancient  form  of  spoech :  I  find  it  in  Isocrates's  Oratkm  to 
Demonicns,  noXXwv  y<tp  17  yXmrra  -wporpiKti  r^c  iuivoiac. 

His  tongue  runs  on  wheels,  [or  at  random.] 

To  have  a  thing  at  one's  tongue* s  end,  or  at  the  tip  of  one's 

tongue. 

Come  le  ritrova  tonde. — ItaL    Avere  eu  lapunta  delta  lingua. 

Tooth  and  nail. 
Mani&ut  pedibutque.    Remit  veUegue. 

To  have  an  aching  tooth  at  one. 

From  top  to  toe. 

Topsy-UxTYy, 

I  would  not  touch  him  with  a  pair  of  tongs. 

To  it  again,  nobody  comes. 

Nemo  not  mtequitur  out  tmpetUt. — Erasmus  h  Platone ;  who  tells  01 
that  this  proTerh  continaes  to  this  day  in  common  nse  (among  the  Dutch 
I  suppose;  to  signify,  that  it  is  free  for  us  to  stay  upon  any  businefls  [im- 
morari  in  re  aliqua}. 

To  drive  a  subtle  trade. 
He  has  to  do  with  one  who  understands  trap. 
Ea  dafof  con  un  barbiere  che  ta  radere.—  lieL    He  baa  no  fool  in  hand. 


PBOTEBBIAL  PHRASES.  181 

A  trick  and  a  half. 

i.  e.  A  master-stroke  of  knaTery. 

To  pat  one  to  his  trumpt. 
Miner  p€Kr  vn  ehemm,  ouUn'y  a  point  de  jnerrea,    Fr. 

I'll  iruit  him  no  farther  than  I  can  fling  him ;   or,  than  I  can 

throw  a  mill-stone. 
Ton  may  trwt  him  with  untold  gold. 
To  turn  with  the  wind,  or  tide. 
To  turn  over  a  new  leaf. 
To  turn  cat-in-pan. 
In  the  tfcinkling  of  an  eye. 
To  stop  two  months  with  one  morsel. 

I>*a$  Umt  parieiet  eitdem  fidelid.  Unied  filid  duot  parare  generot. 
This  is  a  modem  proverb,  but  deserves  (saitb  Erasmus)  to  be  numbered 
amongst  the  ancient  ones.  I  find  it  among  the  French ;  D*unefiU€  deux 
pendres.    To  get  himself  two  sons-in-law  with  one  daughter. 

To  stop  two  gaps  with  one  hush. 
Due  tordi  ad  una  pania.    ItaL 

To  kill  two  flies  with  one  flap. 
Fare  duoi  cModi  in  una  calda.—ltel.    To  make  two  nails  at  one  heat 

To  kill  two  birds  with  one  shaft,  [or  stone.] 

lyune  pierrefaire  deux  cmqtM.  — Fr.  Di  un*  dai%o  far  iwji  amid, — Ital. 
To  make  two  Mends  with  one  gift.  PigUar  due  eolotnbiadunafava, — Ital. 

To  carry  two  faces  under  one  hood. 
n  a  unefaee  h  deux  viaages. — Fr.    Due  viei  sotto  una  beretta. — Ital. 

To  have  two  strings  to  one's  bow. 

n/aii  bien  avoir  deux  cordee  en  eon  are, — Fr.  This  may  be  made  a 
sentence  by  adding  to  it,  It  is  good,  or  such  like  words.  Duabut  ancorie 
fiUtue. 

Two  hands  in  a  dish,  and  one  in  a  purse. 

To  have  thwitten  a  mill-post  to  a  pudding-prick. 

She's  cored  of  a  tympany  with  two  heels. 

U,  V. 

Fll  veoie  thee, 
i.  «.  Hunt  or  drive  thee.    Someraet. 

I  have  vietuaUed  my  camp. 
Filled  my  belly. 

To  nourish  a  viper  in  one's  bosom, 

Tu  ti  aUeci  la  Hecia  in  «aio.— Ital.  epirl/ai  gal  XvKiStti,  Operlfot 
K  V  vac* — Theocr.  in  hodoep.  Cobtbrmm  in  einufovere.  Set  apud  *€wpum 
ApeHngue  de  ruaiteo  quodam  in  hone  rem,  Cria  el  cuervo^  y  eaearie  ha 
ke^foe. 


182  PBOTBBBIAL  PHSA8S8. 

Mothmg  but  up  and  ride  f 
To  be  1^  the  queen  apple-tree. 

No  sooner  up,  but  the  head  in  the  aumbrej,  and  nose  in  tttt 
cup. 

W. 

Want  goes  by  such  an  one's  door.     Somerut. 
A  uxurrMit  seided  -with  butter, 
ril  wateh  your  water. 
To  look  to  one's  water. 
To  cast  wiUer  into  the  Thames. 
LwKMn  $oU  muiuarit  Sf^, 

To  water  a  stake. 

You  can't  see  green  cheese,  but  your  teeth  must  waier. 

Be  it  weal,  or  be  it  wae. 

Weal  and  women  cannot  pan ;  (%.  e,  dose  together ;) 

But  woe  and  women  can.    Northum, 
Wear  a  horn,  and  blow  it  not. 
I'll  not  wear  the  wooden  dagger. 

i.  tf.  Lose  my  winnings. 

To  come  home  by  weeping  cross. 

This  we^mg-erote,  which  gaTe  occasion  to  this  phrase,  is  abont  two 
miles  distant  from  the  town  of  Stafford.  The  Italians  say,  Far  come  la 
eeeehia  ehe  ecende  ridendo  §  mania  piangendo. 

You  may  make  as  good  music  on  a  wheeUlarrow. 
Without  weU  or  guard. 
All  shall  be  weU,  and  Jack  shall  haye  Jill. 
With  a  wet  finger. 
Levi  hrackio  et  nutUi  iraehio. 

But  when,  quoth  Kettle  to  his  mare  ?     C/mtaA. 
You  shall  have  the  whet-^tone. 
Spoken  of  him  that  tells  a  lie. 

Whist,  whist ;  I  smell  a  bird's  nest. 

You'll  make  an  end  of  your  whistle,  though  the  cart  OYerthrow. 
Whist,  and  catch  a  mouse. 
To  let  leap  a  whiting. 
I.  tf.  To  let  slip  an  opportonity. 

She's  neither  wife,  widow,  nor  maid. 
Your  wind-fniU  dwindles  into  a  nut-crack. 
All  this  wind  shakes  no  corn. 
Either  win  the  horse,  or  lose  the  saddle. 

Aut  tersesfout  tret  tessera    "H  rpi^  U  q  rpfic  cv/Soi.     The  aofliaati 


PBOTJBIIBIAL  PH1U8IC8.  ItiS 

oied  U>  play  with  tiiree  dice,  so  that  thrioe  mx  oniflt  needi  be  the  beil|  and 
Uiree  aces  the  wont  chance.  They  called  three  aces  >ini^T  three  dice, 
beeaoia  they  made  no  more  than  the  number  of  the  dice*  The  aoe  ndo 
was  left  empty,  without  any  spot  at  all,  beoanae  to  oount  them  waa  aomora 
than  to  count  the  dice.  Hereupon  this  ehaaoa  was  called,  «/ac#w  iwinii  / 
the  empty  chance. 

What  wmd  blew  you  hither  7 
Wind  and  weather,  do  thy  wont. 
To  go  down  the  toind, 
la  the  wind  in  that  quarter  f 
Wm  ity  and  wear  it 
To  have  one  in  the  wind. 
To  have  wmdmitta  in  his  head. 
To  wmd  one  up. 
To  put  one  in  a  passion. 

fou  may  wink  and  choose. 
'SvfA^Xov  Iwirot,    Tkras  ad  iktmoem  eompoiiim. 

He  shews  all  his  irti^  at  once. 
n  empkrie  tout  ces  emg  mm.    Ft. 

God  send  you  more  wit,  and  me  more  money. 
You  were  bom  when  wti  was  scant. 
Tour  wOs  are  on  wool-gathering. 

Tou  have  wit  enough  to  drown  ships  in. 
You  gire  the  u^o^jTthe  wether  to  keep. 

Ha  data  la  peeora  m  gmardia  al  hqH). — ItaL  (hem  hpo  eaamUtkH* 
Dart  m  gmartHa  la  lattnga  a  ptperi,^lt»l  To  give  the  lettuce  in  chasga 
to  the  geese. 

To  have  a  wolfhj  the  ears. 

This  is  also  a  Latin  piOTerb,  Lupum  awrihui  iemre.  Whena  man  hath 
a  doubtful  business  in  hand,  which  it  is  equally  haaardous  to  pursue  or  giva 
orer,  as  it  is  to  hold  or  let  go  a  wolf  whicn  one  hath  by  the 

To  be  in  a  wood, 
Smun  keeeto,    ItaL 

You  cannot  see  wood  for  trees. 

In  mart  aquam  ^mdorit. 
To  make  t^oo^  or  warp  of  any  business. 
A  ioord  and  a  blow. 
Not  a  word  of  pensants. 
Wordi  may  pass,  but  blows  fall  heayy.     Somera. 
When  he  should  work^  every  finger  is  a  thumb. 
If  any  thing  stay,  let  work  stay. 


iS4  PBOTXBBIAL  PHSABX8. 

The  world  is  well  amended  with  him. 

To  have  the  world  in  a  string. 

He  has  a  warm  in  his  brain. 

Not  worthy  to  carry  his  books  after  him. 

Not  worthy  to  be  named  the  same  day. 

Not  worthf  to  wipe  his  shoes. 

Jnd*gnu9  qui  iUi  maUUam  pwrigat 
Dupeream  n  iu  Pyladi  prMtare  nmieOam 
Dtffmu  et,  tatt  poreot  poKtrt  PtrUM,    MartiaL 

Not  worthy  to  carry  guts  after  a  bear. 

The  SptfiuardB  say,  No  vale  tut  or^  Uenat  de  ayua.     He's  not  wortb 
his  ears  rail  of  water. 

T. 

To  send  him  for  yard-wide  pack-thread. 
To  turn  one  into  ridioole. 

'Tie  year^d. 

Spoken  of  a  deipefile  debt. 
He  IB  Yorkshire. 

The  Italiani  say,  B  ^(^)Mft».     ReTs  oT  SpoMo:  inaios^.  he's  a 
canning  Made. 


PBOTEBBTAL  SIMILES.  185 


FROTEABIAL  SIMILES,  IN  WHICH  THE  QUALITY  AKD 
SUBJECT  BEGIN  WITH  THE  SAME  LETTEB. 

A.B  bare  as  a  bird's  a — ,  or,  aa  the  back  of  my  hand. 
Ab  blind  as  a  beetle  or  bat. 

Ta^  oMor.  As  blind  as  a  mole :  though,  indeed,  a  mole  ib  not  ab- 
solatdy  blind ;  bat  hath  perfect  eyes,  and  wose  not  coyered  with  any 
membrane,  as  some  haTe  reported ;  but  open,  and  to  be  found  withoat-sid» 
the  head,  if  one  search  diligently,  otherwise  they  may  easily  escape  one, 
being  Terr  small,  and  lying  hid  in  the  for.  So  that  it  must  be  granted, 
that  a  mole  sees  but  obscurely,  yet  so  much  as  is  sufficient  for  her  manner 
of  liTing,  beinf  most  part  under  ground.  Hypttea  caeior.  This  Hypssea 
was  a  woman  mmons  for  her  blindness.  Tiretia  cacior.  The  fable  oi  Ti- 
resiaa,  and  how  he  came  to  be  blind,  is  well  known.  Zeberide  e4gcior.  £at 
autem  Zeberia  exufM  the  gpcUum  terpentis^  in  quo  apparent  effigiet  duntaxat 
^euhrmn^  ae  membranula  qtuedam  tenuUntna  qua  BerperUum  oculiprsiegunittr, 
A  beetle  is  thought  to  be  blind,  because  in  the  evening  it  will  fly  with  its  full 
force  agiunst  a  man's  face,  or  any  thing  else  which  hanpens  to  be  in  its 
way;  which  other  insects,  as  bees,  homete,  &c.  will  not  ao. 

To  blaah  like  a  black  dog. 
As  bold  as  blind  Bayard. 
As  bold  as  Beaachamp. 

Of  this  surname  there  were  many  earls  of  Warwick,  amongst  whom 
(saith  Dr.  Fuller]  I  conceive  Thomas,  the  first  of  that  name,  ^ve  chief 
oecaiion  to  this  proverb;  who  in  the  year  1346,  with  one  sqjire  and  six 
archers,  fouf  ht  in  hostile  manner  with  a  hundred  armed  men,  at  Hoggea, 
in  Normftooy,  and  overthrew  them,  slaying  sixty  Normans,  and  giving  thie 
whole  fleet  means  to  land. 

As  brisk  as  a  bee  in  a  tar*pot. 

As  brisk  as  a  body  lop^e. 

Ab  busy  as  a  bee. 

As  clear  as  crystal. 

As  cold  as  charity. 

As  common  as  Coleman  hedge. 

As  coy  as  Croker's  mare. 

As  cunning  as  Craddock,  &c. 

As  cunning  as  Captain  Drake. 

As  dead  as  a  door  nail. 

As  dull  as  Dun  in  the  mire. 

To  feed  like  a  farmer,  or  freeholder 

As  fine  as  five-pence. 

As  fit  as  a  fiddle. 


186  VBOVKBBIAL  BDCIUBa. 

As  flat  as  a  flaun. 

t.  «.  A  cmtard.    yortksm. 
As  flat  as  a  flounder. 
As  graye  as  an  old  gate-post. 
As  hard  as  horn. 
As  high  as  three  horse-loares. 
As  high  as  a  hog,  all  hut  the  bristles. 

SpoJEen  of  a  dwarf  in  derisioiL 

As  hungry  as  a  hawk,  or  horse. 
As  kind  as  a  kite ;  all  you  cannot  eat  you'll  hide. 
As  laxy  as  Ludlam's  dog,  that  leaned  his  head  against  a  uiQ 
to  bark. 

As  mad  as  a  March  hare. 
Hammn  habfiinconm. 

As  merry  as  the  maids. 

As  nice  as  a  nun's  hen. 

As  pert  as  a  pearmonger's  mare. 

As  plain  as  a  pack-saddle,  or  a  pike-staff. 

As  plump  as  a  partridge. 

As  proud  as  a  peacock. 

As  seasonable  as  snow  in  summer. 

As  soft  as  silk. 

As  true  as  a  turtle  to  her  mate. 

As  warm  as  wool. 

As  wise  as  Waltham's  calf,  that  ran  nine  miles  to  suck  a  bull. 

As  wise  as  a  wisp,  or  woodcock. 

As  welcome  as  water  into  a  new  ship,  or  into  one's  shoes.  f 

As  weak  as  water. 


OTHEBS. 

As  angry  as  a  wasp. 
As  bald  as  a  coot. 
As  bare  as  the  back  of  my  hand.  i 

As  bitter  as  gall.  i 

Jjm  hih  amariora.  , 

As  black  as  a  coal ;  as  a  crow  or  raven ;  as  the  devil,  as  jet,  a* 

iuk,  as  soot. 
As  blake  (t.  e.  yellow)  as  a  paigle.     Hforth^m. 
As  busy  as  a  hen  with  one  chicken. 
As  busy  as  a  good  wife  at  oven ;  and  neither  meal  nor  doug^. 


FBOTSBBXAL  BDCILES.  187 

He  8  like  a  oat ;  fling  him  which  way  yon  will,  he'll  light  cm 

his  legs. 
She's  like  a  cat,  she'll  play  with  her  own  tail. 
He  daws  it  as  Clayton  clawed  the  padding,  when  he  eat  bag 

and  all. 
As  clear  as  a  bell. 

Spoken  principally  of  a  voice  or  sound  without  any  jailing  or  harahneaa 

As  dear  as  the  snn. 

As  comfortable  as  matrimony. 

It  becomes  him  as  well  as  a  sow  doth  a  cart-saddle. 

As  crowse  as  a  new  washen  loose. 
Thii  is  a  Scotch  and  northern  proTerb.    Crowse  jrignifles  brisk,  iTely. 

As  dark  as  pitch. 
BlackneM  is  the  colour  of  darkness. 

As  dead  as  a  herrinff. 

A  herriqg  is  said  to  cne  immediately  after  it  is  taken  ont  of  its  element, 
*Jie  water ;  and  that  it  dies  rery  suddenly  myself  can  witness :  so  likewise 
lo  pildiaids,  shads,  and  the  rest  of  that  triw. 

As  dear  as  two  eggs  a  penny. 
Dick  is  as  dapper  as  a  cock  wren. 
As  like  a  dock  as  a  daisy. 
That  is,  Tery  unlike. 

As  dizzy  as  a  goose. 

As  drunk  as  a  beggar. 

This  proTerb  begins  now  to  be  disused,  and,  instead  of  it,  people  are 
ready  to  say,  As  drunk  as  a  lord :  so  much  hath  that  yice  (the  more  is  the 
pity)  prevailed  amongst  the  nobility  and  gsntry  of  Ute  years. 

As  dry  as  a  bone. 

As  dcdl  as  a  beetle. 

As  dun  as  a  moose. 

As  easy  as  p — ssing  a  bed,  as  to  lick  a  dish. 

As  false  as  a  Scot. 

I  hope  that  nation  generally  deserres  not  such  an  imputation ;  and  could 
wish  that  we  Englishmen  were  less  partial  to  ourmiyes,  and  censorious  of 
our  neighbours. 

As  fair  as  Lady  Done.     Chssh, 

The  Dones  were  a  great  femily  in  Cheshire,  liying  at  Utkinton,  bT  the 
Forest  side.  Nurses  use  there  to  call  their  children  so,  if  girls ;  if  boys, 
Earls  of  Derby. 

As  fast  as  hops. 

As  fat  as  hotter,  as  a  fool,  as  a  hen  in  the  forehead. 


1S8  FftOTEBBIAL   SIMILE3. 

To  feed  like  a  freeholder  of  Macclesfield,  who  hath  neither 

corn  nor  hay  at  Michaelmas.     Chssh, 

This  Mscdesfidd,  or  Maxfleld,  is  a  small  market  town  and  borough  in 
Cheihire. 

As  fierce  as  a  goose. 
As  fine  [or  prond]  as  a  lord's  bastard. 
As  fine  as  Rerton. 
t.  tf.  Crediton  spiimmg.    Devon, 

As  fit  as  a  pudding  for  a  friar's  mouth. 

As  fit  as  a  shoulder  of  mutton  for  a  sick  horse. 

As  flattering  or  fawning  as  a  spaniel. 

As  fond  of  it  as  an  ape  of  a  whip  and  a  bell. 

To  follow  one  like  a  St.  Anthony's  pig. 

This  is  applicable  to  such  as  have  servile  saleable  souls,  who  for  a  small 
reward  will  lacquey  it  many  miles,  bein^  more  officious  and  assiduous  in 
their  attendance  than  their  patrons  desire.  St.  Anthony  is  notoriously 
known  to  be  the  patron  of  hogs,  having  a  pig  for  his  page  in  all  pictures. 
I  am  not  so  well  read  in  his  legend  as  to  give  the  reason  of  it ;  but  I  dare 
say  there  is  no  good  one. 

As  freely  as  St.  Robert  gave  his  cow. 

This  Bobert  was  a  Knaresborough  saint :  and  the  old  women  there  can 
still  tell  you  the  legend  of  the  cow. 

As  hollow  as  a  gun  ;  as  a  kex. 
A  kex  is  a  dried  stalk  of  hemlock,  or  of  wild  oicely. 

As  free  as  a  blind  man  is  of  his  eye. 
As  free  as  an  ape  is  of  his  tail. 
As  free  as  a  dead  horse  is  of  farts. 
As  fresh  as  a  rose  in  June. 
As  full  as  an  egg  is  of  meat. 
E  pxeno  guanto  un  uovo,    Ital. 

As  full  as  a  piper's  bag ;  as  a  tick. 

As  full  as  a  toad  is  of  poison. 

As  full  as  a  jade,  quoth  the  bride. 

As  gaunt  as  a  greyhound. 

As  glad  as  a  fowl  of  a  fair  day. 

To  go  like  a  cat  upon  a  hot  bake-stone. 

To  go  out  like  a  candle  in  a  snuff. 

As  eood  as  George  of  Green. 

This  Geom  of  Green  was  the  famous  Pindar  of  Wake^eld,  who  fought 
with  Eobin  Hood  and  little  John  both  together,  and  got  the  better  of  them, 
as  the  old  ballad  tells  us. 

As  good  as  goose-skins  that  never  man  had  enough  of.  Chetk. 
As  good  as  ever  fiew  in  the  air. 


PBOTERBIiX   ftlMILSB.  TM 

At  good  as  ever  went  endways. 
As  good  as  ever  the  ground  went  upon. 
As  good  as  ever  water  wet. 
As  good  as  any  between  Bagshot  and  Baw-waw. 
There  is  bat  the  breadth  of  a  street  between  these  two. 

As  good  as  ever  twanged. 
As  greedy  as  a  dog. 
As  green  as  grass  ;  as  a  leek. 
As  hail  as  a  roch  fish  whole. 
E  mno  ame  un  peace,    Ital. 

As  hard-hearted  as  a  Scot  of  Scotland. 

As  hasty  as  a  sheep ;  as  soon  as  the  tail  is  up  the  t — d  is  out. 

As  hasty  as  Hopkins,  that  came  to  jail  over  night,  and  was 

hanged  the  next  morning. 
As  hot  as  a  toast. 

To  hug  one  as  the  devil  hugs  a  witch. 
As  hungry  as  a  church-mouse. 
As  innocent  as  a  devil  of  two  years  old. 
A  conscience  as  large  as  a  shipman's  hose. 
As  lawless  as  a  town-bull. 

As  lazy  as  the  tinker  who  laid  down  his  budget  to  fart. 
As  lean  as  a  rake. 
To  leap  like  a  cock  at  a  blackberry. 

Spoken  of  one  that  desires  and  endeaToniB  to  do  harm,  but  cannot 

As  lecherous  as  a  he-goat 

As  light  as  a  fly. 

To  lick  it  up  like  Lim  hay.     Chesh, 

lim  is  a  village  on  the  river  Mersey,  that  parts  Cheshire  anJ  Loncashiie^ 
where  the  best  hay  is  gotten. 

As  like  his  own  father  as  ever  he  can  look. 
As  like  one  as  if  he  had  been  spit  out  of  his  mouth« 
As  like  as  an  apple  to  an  oyster. 
As  like  as  four-pence  to  a  groat. 
As  like  as  nine-pence  to  nothing. 
No  more  like  than  chalk  and  cheese. 
To  look  like  the  picture  of  ill  luck. 
To  look  like  a  strained  hair  in  a  can.     Cheih. 
To  look  like  a  drowned  mouse. 
To  look  like  a  dog  that  hath  lost  his  tail. 
To  look  as  if  he  had  eaten  his  bed -straw. 
To  look  on  one  as  the  devil  looks  over  Lin  coin. 
Borne  refer  this  to  Lincoln  minster,  over  which,  when  first  finishisd,  iimi 


190  PnavSBBI^L  fllKILKS. 

devil  IB  sappose^  have  looked  with  a  torre  and  terrick  ooontenaiioe^  M 
enrying  mens*  costly  deyotioiL,  saith  Dr.  Fuller ;  but  more  probable  it  ii, 
that  it  took  its  rise  from  a  small  image  of  the  denl  standing  on  the  top  of 
Lincoln  College  in  Oxford. 

As  loDg  aa  Meg  of  WeBtminster. 

As  loud  as  a  horn. 

To  love  it  as  a  cat  loves  mnstard. 

To  love  it  as  the  devil  loves  holy  water. 

To  love  it  as  a  dog  loves  a  whip. 

As  good  luck  as  had  the  cow,  Uiat  stuck  herself  with  her  ovm 

horn. 
As  good  luck  as  the  lousy  calf,  that  lived  all  winter,  and  died 

in  the  summer. 

As  good  be  hanged  for  an  old  sheep  as  a  young  lamb. 

Meeterly  (indifferently)  as  maids  are  in  fairness.     Narthem. 

As  melancholy  as  a  gibed  cat. 

As  merry  as  cup  and  can. 

As  merry  as  a  cricket. 

As  mild  [or  gentle]  aa  a  lamb. 

As  natural  to  him  as  milk  to  a  calf. 

As  necessary  as  a  sow  among  young  children. 

As  nimble  as  an  eel  in  a  sand  bag. 
Letto  come  %m  acarafaggio. 

As  nimble  as  a  bee  in  a  tar  barrel. 
Salta  come  tin  gotta  dipiombo. 

As  nimble  as  a  cow  in  a  cage* 

As  nimble  as  a  new  gelt  dog. 

As  old  as  Charing-cross. 

Vtiho  como  wrpe. — ^Port    As  old  as  a  serpent. 

Aa  plain  as  the  nose  on  a  man's  face. 

As  pert  as  a  frog  upon  a  washing-block. 

As  poor  as  Job. 

Tnls  simifitude  runs  through  most  langnages.     In  the  TTidTenity  of 
Cambridge  the  young  scholars  are  wont  to  call  chiding,  jobing. 

As  proud  as  a  cock  on  his  own  dunghill. 

As  proud  as  an  apothecary. 

To  quake  like  au  aspen  leaf. 

To  quake  like  an  oven. 

He's  like  a  rabbit,  fat  and  lean  in  twentj-foor  hours. 

As  red  as  a  cherry  ;  as  a  petticoat. 

As  rich  aa  a  new-shorn  sheep. 


JPROTXBBIAL  BIMILSl.  191 

Ab  right  88  a  ram's  horn  ;  as  my  leg. 

As  rotten  as  a  t — d. 

As  rough  as  a  tmker*s  budget 

Rough  as  it  runs,  as  the  boy  said  when  his  ass  kicked  hinu 

As  safe  as  a  mouse  in  a  cheese ;  in  a  malt-heap. 

As  safe  as  a  crow  in  a  gutter. 

As  safe  as  a  thief  in  a  mill. 

As  scabbed  as  a  cuckoo. 

To  scold  like  a  cut-purse ;  like  a  wych-waller.     Chegh. 

That  is,  a  boiler  of  aalt    Wych-hooMS  are  salt  hoiues ;  and  walUsg  ii 
boilixig. 

To  scorn  a  thing  as  a  dog  scorns  a  tripe. 
As  sharp  as  a  thorn,  as  a  razor^  as  vinegar. 

A€€to  aeriut. 

As  much  sibbed  as  sieve  and  ridder^  that  grew  in  the  same 

wood  together. 

Sibbed,  that  ib,  a  kin.     In  Suffolk  the  baons  of  matrimony  arc  called 
abberidge. 

As  much  as  York  excels  foul  Sutton. 
As  sick  as  a  cushion. 

She  simpers  like  a  bride  on  her  wedding-day. 
She  simpers  like  a  riven  dish. 
She  simpers  like  a  furmity  kettle. 
To  sit  like  a  frog  on  a  chopping-block. 
As  slender  in  the  middle  as  a  cow  in  the  waist. 
As  slippery  as  an  eel. 
As  smooth  as  a  carpet. 
Spoken  of  a  ^ood  way. 

As  soft  as  foot  can  fall. 

As  sound  as  a  trout. 

As  sour  as  veijuice. 

As  spruce  as  an  onion. 

She  stamps  like  an  ewe  upon  yeaning.     Som&rset. 

To  stink  like  a  poll-cat. 

As  straight  as  an  arrow. 

As  straight  as  the  back-bone  of  a  herring. 

Thou'lt  strip  it  as  Slack  stripped  the  cat,  when  he  puU'd  ker 

out  of  the  chum. 
As  strong  as  mustard. 
To  strut  like  a  crow  in  a  gntter. 
As  sure  as  a  gun  [or  deatnj. 


192  PBOTEBBIAL  BTICILS8. 

Ajb  sure  aa  check,  or  Exchequer  pay. 
This  WHB  a  proyerb  in  Queen  ±3izaoetVi  time ;  the  eredit  of  the 

eheqner  bM^inning  in,  and  determining  with,  her  reign,  saith  Dr.  Follsr. 

Aa  aare  [or  aa  round]  aa  a  juggler'a  box. 

Aa  aure  aa  a  louae  in  boaom.     Cheth, 

Aa  aare  aa  a  lonae  in  Pomfret.     Tofk, 

Aa  aare  aa  a  coat'a  on  one*a  back. 

Aa  aurly  aa  a  butcher'a  dog. 

Aa  aweet  aa  honey,  or  aa  a  nut 

Aa  Sylvester  aaid,  fair  and  aoftly. 

Aa  tidl  aa  a  May-pole. 

Aa  tender  aa  a  chicken. 

Aa  tender  aa  a  paraon'a  leman  ;  t.  $.  whore. 

Aa  tender  aa  Pamell,  that  broke  her  finger  in  a  poaaet-curd. 

Aa  teaty  aa  an  old  cook. 

Aa  tough  as  whideather. 

Aa  true  aa  God  is  in  heaTcn. 

As  true  as  steel. 

As  warm  aa  a  mouse  in  a  cham. 

As  wanton  aa  a  calf  with  two  dama. 

As  welcome  aa  water  in  your  ahoea. 

As  white  aa  the  driven  anow. 

Aa  wild  aa  a  buck. 

Aa  wily  as  a  fox. 

Aa  yellow  aa  a  golden  noble ;  as  a  guinea. 

As  much  vnt  aa  three  folks  ;  two  fools  and  a  madman.  Chs$h» 

Aa  well  worth  it  as  a  thief  is  worth  a  rope. 

Like  Goodyer's  pig,  never  well  but  when  he  is  doing  mischief. 
Cheth. 

He  stands  like  Mumphazard,  who  waa  hanged  for  aaying  no- 
thing.    Chesh, 

Like  the  parson  of  Saddleworth,  who  could  read  in  no  book 
but  his  own.     Chesh, 

Like  Wood's  dog,  he*ll  neither  go  to  church,  nor  stay  at  home. 

To  come  home  like  the  paraon'a  cow,  with  a  calf  at  her  foot 

Chesh, 

To  use  one  like  a  Jew. 

This  poor  nation  was  intolerably  abiued  by  the  English  while  theylired 
in  this  land,  especially  at  London  on  ShroTe-Tnesday.  Thus  it  came  to 
pass,  which  God  frequently  foretold,  that  they  should  become  a  bye-woid 
and  a  reproach  among  all  nations.    Dr.  Fuller. 

He*8  like  a  swine,  he'll  ne'er  do  good  while  he  livea. 


PBOTEBBIAL  BOCILES.  193 

Undone,  as  a  man  would  undo  an  oyster. 

He  feeds  like  a  boar  in  a  frank. 

He's  like  a  bag-pipe,  he  never  talks  till  his  belly  be  full. 

She  goes  as  if  she  cracked  nuts  with  her  tail. 

As  ^fnl  as  a  pig ;  he'll  neither  lead  nor  driYc. 

As  honest  a  man  as  any  in  the  cards  (when  all  the  kings  are 
out). 

As  good  as  cTcr  drove  top  over  tiled  house. 

You  been  like  Smith  wick,  either  clemed  or  bossten.     Chesh, 

Slow  and  sure,  like  Pedle/s  mare. 

Like  the  tailor  who  sewed  for  nothing,  and  found  thread  him- 
self. 

Like  the  smith's  dog,  that  sleeps  at  the  sound  of  the  hammer* 
and  wakes  at  the  crashing  of  the  teeth. 

like  Teague's  cocks,  that  fought  one  auotlier,  though  all 
were  of  the  same  kind. 

like  lambsy  you  do  nothing  but  suck  aud  wag  your  tails. 


194  BBOvsBBiAL  aaxiat. 


PBOVESBIAL  RHTME8,  AND  OLD  lUWS. 

The  crab  of  the  wood  is  saace  jerj  good 

For  the  crab  of  the  sea : 
But  the  wood  of  the  crab  is  sauce  for  a  drab 

That  will  not  her  husband  obey. 

Snow  is  white,  and  lies  in  the  dike, 

And  every  man  lets  it  lie  : 

Pepper  is  black,  and  hath  a  good  Binack» 

And  every  man  doth  it  buy. 

Alba  Ugustro  eathtntf  vaeemia  nigra  Ug/mUur,    Tirg. 

My  horse  pisseth  whey,  my  man  pisseth  amber ;  i 

My  horse  is  for  my  way,  my  man  is  for  my  chamber. 

The  higher  the  plum-tree,  the  riper  the  plum : 
The  richer  the  cobbler,  the  blacker  his  thumb. 

When  Adam  delv'd,  and  Eve  span. 
Where  was  then  the  gentleman  ? 
Upstart  a  churl,  and  gathered  good, 

And  thence  did  spring  our  gentle  blood.  , 

Le  rMefafmo  ilprimo  aangue.    Ital.  * 

With  a  red  man  read  thy  read ; 
With  a  brown  man  breai:  thy  bread  : 
At  a  pale  man  draw  thy  knife  ; 
From  a  black  man  keep  thy  wife. 

Bounce,  buckram,  velvet's  dear ;  i 

Christmas  comes  but  once  a  year  ;  j 

And  when  it  comes,  it  brings  good  cheer ;  v 

But  when  it's  gone,  it's  never  the  near.  | 

He  that  buys  land,  buys  many  stones  ; 

He  that  buys  flesh,  buys  many  bones ;  I 

He  that  buys  eggs,  buys  many  shells  ; 

But  he  that  buys  good  ale,  buys  nothing  else. 

Jack  Sprat,  he  lov'd  no  fat,  and  his  wife  she  lov'd  no  \tUL\ 
And  yet  betwixt  them  both  they  lick'd  the  platters  cieaa. 

He  that  hath  it,  and  will  n6t  keep  it ; 
He  that  wants  it,  and  will  not  seek  it ; 
He  that  drinks,  and  is  not  dry. 
Shall  want  money  as  well  as  I. 


FBOTXKBIAL  BBTME8.  195 

The  third  of  Noyember  the  duke  of  VendAme  past  the  water ; 
The  fourth  of  November  the  queen  had  a  daughter ; 
The  fifth  of  November  we  'scaped  a  great  slaughter ; 
^  nd  the  sixdi  of  November  was  the  next  day  after. 

lan  of  words,  and  not  of  deeds, 
like  a  garden  full  of  weeds. 

Friday*s  hair,  and  Sunday's  horn. 
Goes  to  the  D'ule  on  Monday  mom. 

Women  and  wine,  game  and  deceit. 

Make  the  wealth  small,  and  the  wants  great. 

Our  fathers,  who  were  wond'rous  wise. 

Did  wash  their  throats  before  they  washed  their  eyes. 

When  thou  dost  hear  a  toll  or  knell. 
Then  think  upon  thy  passing  bell. 

If  Fortune  favour,  I  may  have  her,  for  I  go  about  her  ; 
If  Fortune  fail,  you  may  kiss  her  tail,  and  go  without  her* 

A  red  beard,  and  a  black  head. 

Catch  him  with  a  good  trick,  and  take  him  dead. 

Give  a  child  all  he  shall  crave. 

And  a  dog  while  his  tail  doth  wave,  . 

You  shall  have  a  fair  dog,  and  a  foul  knave. 

He  that  hath  plenty  of  good,  shall  have  more  ; 
He  that  hath  but  little,  he  shall  have  less. 

Cardmal  WoUey, 
A  whip  for  a  fool,  and  a  rod  for  a  school. 
Is  always  in  good  season. 

WiU,  Summers, 
A  halter  and  a  rope  for  him  that  will  be  pope 
Without  all  right  or  reason. 

Hie  Shape  of  a  goad  OreyJunmi, 
A  head  like  a  snake,  a  neck  like  a  drake, 
A  back  Uke  a  beam,  a  belly  like  a  bream, 
A  foot  like  a  cat,  a  tail  like  a  rat. 

Punch  Cole,  cut  candle,  set  brand  on  end. 

Neither  good  housewife,  nor  good  housewife's  firieod. 

Alum  si  sit  stalum  non  est  malum. 
Beemm  si  sit  eleerum  est  syneerunu 


196  PROT£BB£AL  UUTME8. 

Children  pick  up  words  as  pigeons  peas. 
And  utter  them  again  as  God  shall  plean* 

As  a  man  lives,  so  shall  he  die ; 
As  a  tree  falls,  so  shall  it  he. 

.^Sgrotat  Daman  monaehui  tune  $$M  vohhai : 
Damon  eonvaiuit  Damon  ut  ante  fiat. 

The  devil  was  sick,  the  devil  a  monk  would  be ; 
The  devil  was  well,  the  devU  a  monk  was  he. 

Thither  as  I  would  go,  I  can  go  late  ; 

Thither  as  I  would  not  go,  I  know  not  the  gate. 

No  more  mortar,  no  more  brick. 

A  cunning  knave  has  a  cunning  trick. 

rr  k         k*     (  I^  <^  inan  be  well  it  vnll  make  him  sick, 
lobacco  ttic  I  ^jjj  ^^^  ^  ^^^  ^^jj  .^  j^^  ^^  gj^,^ 

Per  andar  Mho  per  U  mondo  hieogna  havere  occhio  di  faleome^ 
orecchie  di  aeino,  vieo  di  ecimtay  parole  di  mereante^  apaUe  d$ 
eamelo,  hocea  diporco,  gamhe  di  eervo*     Ital. 

To  travel  safely  through  the  world,  a  man  must  have  a  falcon'p 
eye,  an  ass's  ears,  an  ape's  face,  a  merchant's  worda,  a 
camel's  back,  a  hog's  mouth,  and  a  hart's  legs. 

It  would  make  a  man  scratch  where  it  doth  not  itch, 
To  see  a  man  Uve  poor  to  die  rich. 

Est  furor  haud  duhius  simul  et  mani/esta  phreneeis, 
Ut  locuplee  moriaris  egenti  viverefaio.     Juvenal. 

The  Inner  Temple  rich. 

The  Middle  Temple  poor ; 
Lincoln's  Inn  for  law. 

And  Qray's  Inn  for  a  whore. 
He  is  like  a  silvered  pin. 
Fair  without,  but  foul  within. 
EgU  i  vn  bello  ean^o.    ItaL 

Where  the  horse  lieth  down. 

There  some  hairs  vnll  be  found.     Cornish, 

Go  not  for  every  grief  to  the  physician,  for  every  quarrel  to 
the  lawyer,  nor  for  every  thirst  to  the  pot.     Ital, 
Ni  coH  coda  mal  alfisieo,  m  am  coda  rina  ai  letrado,  ni  eon  eaJm  ted  tU 
Spaa. 


PBOT£BBS.  197 


OUT  OP  DR.  FULLER'S  WOKTHIES  OP  ENGLAND,  SUCH  Aa 
ABE  NOT  ENTERED  ALREADY  IN  THE  CATALOGUES. 

Babkshibb. 
Thb  Vicar  of  Bray  will  be  Vicar  of  Bray  stiU. 

Bray  is  a  Tillage  well  known  in  Barksbire ;  the  YiTacioos  Vioar  whereof, 
liTuur  under  King  Henry  the  Eighth,  King  Edward  the  Sixth,  Queen  Mary, 
and  Queen  Elizabeth,  was  first  a  papist,  then  a  protestant ;  then  a  papist, 
tiien  a  protestant  aeain.  This  Yicar  being  taxed  by  one  for  being  a  turn- 
coat, I^t  so,  (said  he,)  for  I  always  kept  my  principle;  which  is  this,  to 
Htc  and  die  Yicar  of  Bray.  To  this  Fuller  adds,  **  Such  are  men  now-a- 
days,  who,  though  they  cannot  turn  the  wind,  they  turn  their  mills,  and 
set  them  so,  that  wheresoeyer  it  bloweth,  their  gnst  should  certainly  be 
grinded." 

He  is  a  repreaentattve  of  Barkahire. 

Jocularly,  he  is  afflicted  with  a  cough. 

BSDFOBDSHIBZ. 

As  plaiD  as  DuDstable  road. 

It  is  applied  to  things  plain  and  simple,  without  either  welt  or  guard  to 
3dom  them ;  as  also  to  matters  easy  and  obvious  to  be  found  out,  without 
any  difficulty  or  direction.  Such  is  this  road,  being  broad  and  beaten,  as 
the  Gonfinenoe  of  many  leading  to  London  from  the  north  and  north*  wei^ 
parts  of  this  land.  I  conceive,  besides  this,  there  is  an  allusion  to  the  flrf 
syllable  of  this  name,  Dunstable ;  for  there  are  other  roads  in  England  f^ 
broad,  plain,  and  well  beaten,  as  this. 

Aa  crooked  as  Crawley  brook. 

This  is  a  nameless  brook,  arising  about  Woboum,  running  by  Crawling, 
and  felling  immediately  into  the  Ouse,  a  river  more  meandrous  than  it, 
running  aboye  eighty  miles  in  eighteen  by  land. 

Tlie  Bailiff  of  Bedford  is  coming. 

The  Ouse  or  Bedford  river  is  so  called  in  Cambridgeshire,  because  when 
sw9h*  with  rain,  &c.  in  the  winter  time,  it  arrests  the  Isle  of  Ely  with  an 
inundation,  bringing  down  suddenly  abundance  of  water.  By  this  saying 
persons  were  wamea  to  drive  off  their  cattle,  lest  they  should  be  impounded 
by  the  Bailiff  of  Bedford,  or  the  river  Ouse. 

BuCKIlfGHAMSHIBB. 

Baddnghamshire  bread  and  beef. 
The  former  as  flue,  the  latter  as  fat,  in  this  as  in  any  other  county. 

Here  if  von  beat  a  bush,  it  is  odds  you'll  start  a  thief. 

No  doubt  there  was  just  occasion  for  this  proverb  at  the  original  thereof,' 
which  then  contained  a  satirical  truth,  proportioned  to  the  place  before  it 
was  reformed ;  whereof  thus  our  great  antiquary :  **  It  was  altogether  ua- 
tiasMible,  in  times  past,  b^  reason  of  trees,'  until  Leofstane,  Abb.>t  cf  St. 


198  PBOTZBBB. 

Albutt,  did  cat  them  down,  because  tLej  yielded  a  place  of  nfuge  tx 
thieTes."  But  this  proyerb  is  now  antiquated  aa  to  the  truth  thereof; 
Buckinghamshiie  affording  as  many  maiden  assizes  as  any  cnnnty  of  equal 
populousnees. 

An  old  man  who  weds  a  boxom  young  maiden,  bids  fair  to 

become  a  freeman  of  Buckingham. 
That  is,  a  cuckold. 

Cambbidgeshibs. 
Cambridgeshire  oaks. 
CantabriffM  petit  aqualssy  or  aqualia. 

That  is  (as  Br.  Fuller  expounds  it),  cither  in  respect  of  their  oommoB% 
all  of  the  same  mess  haye  equal  shue :  or  in  respect  of  eztraordinaries, 
they  are  all  iVotrvii/SoXoi,  duo  alike  :  or  in  respect  of  deeree,  all  of  the 
same  degree  are  j^kwi  weil  mti.  The  same  degree  leyels,  although  of 
different  age. 

Cambridgeshire  camels. 

I  look  upon  this  as  a  nick-name,  groundlessly  fastened  on  this  country 
men,  perhaps,  because  the  three  first  letters  are  the  same  in  Cambridge  and 
Camel.  I  doubt  whether  it  had  any  respect  to  the  fen-men  stalking  upon 
their  stilts,  who  then,  in  the  apparent  length  of  their  lees,  do  something 
resemble  that  beast.  Fuller  says,  a  camd  is  used  proyerbially,  to  signi^ 
an  awkward,  ungain  animal ;  and  as  scholars  are  often  rude  in  their  de- 
portment, it  is  presumed  that  the  townVmen  of  Cambridge  might  be  called 
camels. 

An  Henry-sophister. 

So  they  are  called,  who,  after  four  years  standing  in  the  tJniyersity,  stay 
themselyes  from  commencing  Bachelors  of  Arts,  to  render  them  in  some 
colleges  more  capable  of  preferment. 

That  tradition  is  senseless  (and  inconsistent  with  his  princely  magni- 
ficence) of  such  who  fancy  that  King  Henry  the  £ighth,  coming  to  Cam- 
bridge, stayed  all  the  sopnisters  a  year,  who  expected  that  a  year  of  grace 
shoud  haye  been  giyen  to  them.  More  probable  it  is,  that  because  that 
king  is  commonly  conceiyed  of  great  strength  and  stature,  that  these  So- 
phitUe  Henriciani  were  elder  and  bigger  than  others.  The  truth  is  this ;  ii 
the  reign  of  King  Henry  the  Eighth,  after  the  destruction  of  monasteries, 
learning  was  at  a  loss ;  uid  the  Uniyersity  (thanks  be  unto  God,  more  scued 
than  hurt)  stood  at  a  gaze  what  would  liecome  of  her.  Hereupon,  many 
students  stayed  themselyes  two,  three,  some  four  yeais ;  as  who  would  see 
how  their  degrees  (before  they  took  them)  would  oe  rewarded  and  main- 
tained. 

Twittle  twattle,  drink  up  your  posset-drink. 
This  prorerb  had  its  origin  in  Cambridge,  and  is  scarce  known  elsewhcn 

Cheshibs. 
Cheshire  chief  of  men. 
It  ieemi  the  Cestrians  haye  formerly  been  renowned  for  thsir  yalov.  v 


PBOYZBBB.  X99 

She  hath  siTen  Lavton  ^te  a  clap. 

Spokon  of  oae  got  with  child,  and  going  to  London  to  eonoeal  ft.  Law« 
(on  It  in  the  way  to  London  fix>m  seyeral  parts  of  Cheshire. 

Better  wed  over  the  mixon  than  over  the  moor. 

That  is,  hard  hy  or  at  home,  (the  mixon  being  that  heap  of  compost  which 
lies  in  \he  fuds  of  good  husbandmen,)  than  &  off,  or  nrom  London.  The 
road  from  Chester  leading  to  London  oyer  some  part  of  ^e  moor-laads  in 
Staffordshire,  the  meaning  is,  the  gentry  in  Cheshire  find  it  more  profitable 
to  match  within  their  own  county,  than  to  bring  a  bride  out  of  other  shires. 
1,  Because  better  acquainted  with  her  birth  and  breeding.  2,  Because 
thou^  her  portion  may  chance  to  be  less  to  maintain  her,  such  inter- 
manna^  in  this  county  hare  been  observed  both  a  prolonger  of  wonhip- 
fhl  fiumfies,  and  the  preserrer  of  amity  between  them. 

Every  man  cannot  be  vicar  of  Bowden. 

Bowden,  it  seems,  is  one  of  the  greatest  liyings  near  Chester ;  otherwise, 
doubtless,  there  are  many  greater  ^urch  preferments  in  Cheshire. 

The  mayor  of  Altringham  hes  in  bed  while  hia  breeches  are 

mending. 

The  mayor  of  Altringham,  and  the  mayor  of  Over, 

The  one  is  a  thatcher,  the  other  a  dauber. 
These  an  two  petty  corporations,  whose  poverty  makes  them  lidiculoos 
to  their  neighboozs.    A  dauber  is  a  maker  of  clay  walls. 

Stopford  kw ;  no  stake,  no  draw. 
i,  0,  Such  only  as  contribute  to  the  liquor  are  entitled  to  drink. 

Neither  in  Cheshire  nor  Chawbent. 

That  is,  neither  in  Kent  nor  Christendom.  Chawbent  is  a  town  in 
Lancashire. 

The  constable  of  Oppenshaw  sets  beggars  in  stocks  at  Man- 
chester. 

He  feeds  like  a  freeholder  of  Maxfield,  [or  Macclesfield,]  who 
hath  neither  com  nor  hay  at  Michaelmas. 
Maxfield  is  a  market  town  and  borough  of  good  account  in  this  county, 

where  they  drive  a  s^eat  trade  of  making  and  selling  buttons.    When  this 

came  to  be  a  provero,  it  should  seem  the  inhabitants  were  poorer,  or  worse 

husbandmen,  than  now  they  are. 

Maxfield  measure,  heap  and  thrutch  ;  «'.  e,  thrust. 

In  Cheshire  there  are  Lees  as  plenty  as  fleas,  and  as  many 

Davenports  as  dogs*  tails. 
When  the  daughter  is  stolen,  shut  Pepper  gate. 

Pepper  gate,  says  Grose,  was  a  postern  on  the  east  side  of  the  ci^  of 
Chester.  The  mayor  of  the  city  havinff  his  daughter  stolen  awaj  by  a 
joang  majLf  through  that  gate,  whilst  sne  was  plEtying  at  ball  with  the 
oUer  maH^"%  his  worship,  out  of  revenge,  caused  it  to  be  closed  up. 

Congleton  bears. 
Some  years  ago,  the  derk  of  Congleton  having  taken  the  old  ohureh 


200  .PBOYEBBS. 

bible,  or  had  it  given  to  him  as  his  perquisite,  sold  it  to  miy  a  bear,  m 
order  to  bait  him.  From  this,  as  story  tells,  proceeds  the  name  of  CongJe- 
ton  bears ;  which  will  presently  set  the  town  about  his  ears,  if  a  itiaii^M 
happens  to  mention  it 

CoBirWALL. 

By  Tre,  Pol,  and  Pen, 

You  shall  know  the  Cornish  men. 

These  three  words  are  the  dictionary  of  sneh  somames  as  are  orig;inaIly 
Cornish ;  and  though  nouns  in  sense,  I  may  fitly  term  them  prepositions : 

1.  Tre,  i  Ca,  town,  henoe  Tre-fir,  Tre-lawney,  Tre>Tamon,  &c. 

2.  Pol,  >  signifieth  ^a  head,  henoe  Pol-wneeL 

3.  Pen,)  fa  top,  henoe  Pen-tire^  Pen-rose,  Pen-keYil,  &o. 

To  give  one  a  Cornish  huff. 

The  Cornish  are  masters  of  ue  art  of  wrestling.  Their  hu^is  a  canning 
close  with  their  fellow  combatants,  the  fruit  whereof  is  his  £ur  &11,  or  foiL 
at  the  least.  It  is  fifl^uratiYely  applicable  to  the  deceitful  dealing  of  such 
who  secretly  design  uieir  oyerthrow  whom  they  openly  embrace. 

Hengsten  Down  well  ywrought. 

Is  worth  London  town  dear  vbought. 

In  respect  of  the  great  quantity  of  tin  to  be  found  there  under  ^ond : 
though  ine  gainM  plenty  of  metal  this  place  formerly  afforded,  is  now 
fallen  to  a  scant-saving  scardty.  As  for  the  diamonos  which  Dr.  Fuller 
fancieth  may  be  found  there,  I  belieye  they  would  be  little  worth. 

He  is  to  be  summoned  before  the  Mayor  of  Halgaver. 

This  is  a  jocularly  and  imaginary  court,  wherewith  men  make  merriment 
to  themselves,  presenting  such  persons  who  p)  slovenly  in  their  attire ; 
where  judgment  in  fomuil  terms  is  given  against  them,  and  executed  mora 
to  the  scorn  than  hurt  of  the  persons. 

When  Dudman  and  Ram-head  meet. 

These  are  two  fore-lands,  well  known  to  sailors,  nigh  twentr  miles 
asunder;  and  the  proverb  passeth  for  the  periphrasis  of  an  impoasioility. 

The  devil  will  not  come  into  Cornwall,  for  fear  of  being  put 

into  a  pie. 
He  doth  sail  into  Cornwall  without  a  bark. 

This  is  an  ItaUan  proverb,  where  it  passes  for  a  description  {m  derision 
rather)  of  such  a  man  as  is  wronged  by  his  wife's  disloyalty.  The  wit  of 
it  consists  in  the  allusion  to  the  word  corrttM,  horns. 

The  gallanU  of  Foj. 

CuVBBBLAin). 

If  Skiddaw  hath  a  cap, 

Scruffel  wots  full  well  of  that. 

These  are  two  neighbour  hiUs ;  the  one  in  this  county,  the  other  in  An- 
andale,  in  Scotland :  if  the  former  be  capped  with  clouds  and  foggy  mista, 
it  will  not  be  long  ere  rain  fidls  on  the  other.    It  is  spoken  of  siioh  who 


PBOVIBBS.  Sll 

mart  expect  to  Bjmpatluxe  in  their  BUjSeringSy  by  reaaoL  cl  the  Tieiiiit)'  oi 
their  haoiiatioiu. 

Skiddaw,  Laavellin,  and  Casticand, 

Are  the  highest  hills  in  all  England. 

I  know  not  how  to  reconcile  this  rhyme  with  another  mentioned  by  th« 
Mme  snthor,  Oamderu  Britaiu  in  Lancashire : 

"  Ingleborough,  Pendle,  and  Penigent, 

Are  the  highest  hills  between  Scotland  and  Trent." 

Unless  it  oe  that  the  latter  ternary  are  highest  in  Yorkshire  meniT 
aecoimt;  the  former  in  Cumberland  mens*  aocomit;  eyery  county  being 
giren  to  magnify  (not  to  say  altify)  their  own  things. 

DSBBTSHLKE. 

He  is  driving  his  ho^  over  Swarston  Bridge. 
This  is  a  saying  used  m  Derbyshire,  when  a  man  snoree  in  his  sleep. 

Elden  Hole  wants  filling. 

When  persons  boast  of  their  wonderftd  exploits,  this  expression  is  yery 
oommonly  used. 

Detonshibs. 

To  Devonshire  or  Denshire  land. 

That  is,  to  pare  off  the  surface  or  top  turf  thereof,  and  to  lay  it  up  in 
heaps  and  bum  it;  which  ashes  are  a  marvellous  improyement  to  battle 
barren  land,  by  reason  of  the  fixed  salt  which  they  contain.  This  course 
they  take  with  their  barren,  spungy,  heathy  land  in  many  counties  of  Eng- 
land, and  call  it  Denshiring.  Land  so  used  will  bear  two  or  three  good 
crops  of  com,  and  then  must  be  thrown  down  again. 

A  Plymonth  cloak. 

That  is,  a  cane  or  staff;  whereof  this  is  the  occasion  :  Many  a  man  of 
good  extraction,  coming  home  from  far  yoyages,  may  chance  to  land  here, 
and,  being  out  of  sorts,  is  unable,  for  the  present  time  and  place,  to  re- 
cruit himself  with  clothes.  Here  (if  not  mendly  provided)  they  make 
the  next  wood  their  drapex's  shop,  where  a  staff  cut  out  serves  them  for 
a  coyering.  For  we  use,  when  we  walk  in  euerpoy  to  carry  a  staff  in  our 
hands,  but  none  when  in  a  doi^.  When  this  proverb  was  introduced, 
great  coats  were  not  wom. 

He  may  remoye  Mort-stone. 

There  is  a  bay  in  this  county  called  Mort's  bay ;  but  the  harbour  in  the 
entrance  thereof  is  stopped  with  a  huffe  rock,  called  Morestone ;  and  tho 
people  merrily  say,  none  can  remove  itbut  such  as  are  masters  of  their  wiveSi 

First  hang  and  draw. 

Then  hear  the  cause  by  Lid  ford  law. 

Lidfbrd  is  a  little  and  poor  (but  ancient)  corporation  in  this  county,  with 
t-ery  large  priyileges,  where  a  court  of  Stannaries  was  formerly  kept.  This 
^ibdlous  proverb  would  suggest  unto  us,  as  if  the  townsmen  thereof  (gene- 
rally mean  persons)  were  unable  to  manage  their  own  liberties  with  neces- 
sary discretion,  administering  preposterous  and  preproperous  justice.    In 


202  FBOVIBBI. 

Wfvtootf  ■  History  of  Devoiishire,  the  eoriotu  may  read  loiiie  droll 
written  on  thii  town. 

If  Cadbarye-castle  and  Dolbury-hill  dolven  were. 
All  England  might  plongb  with  a  golden  sheere. 

Westoott  reporti,  That  a  fiery  dranm,  or  tomo  t^iafatmu  in  anch  lyke- 
ness,  hath  bynne  often  seene  to  flye  between  these  hills,  komming  from  the 
one  to  the  other  in  the  night  season ;  whereby  it  is  supposed,  ther  is  a  great 
treazure  hydd  in  each  of  them ;  and  that  the  dragon  is  the  tmsty  treasnrer 
and  sure  keeper  thereof,  aa  he  was  of  the  golden  fleese  in  Choices,  which 
Jason,  by  tiie  help  of  Medea,  brought  thenoe :  for,  as  Ovid  saith,  he  was 
▼ery  Tigdant: 

A  watohfdll  dntfon  sett 

This  golden  fleece  to  keep, 
Within  whose  careful  eyes 

Come  never  wink  of  sleep. 
And  as  the  two  relations  may  be  as  true  one  as  the  other,  for  anjr  thinfe  I 
knowe,  and  some  do  averr  to  have  sceene  Ttt  lately.    And  of  this  hyaden 
treasure  the  rhyming  proTerbe  here  quotea  goes  commonly  and  anciently. 

DOBSBTSHIBX. 

As  much  a  kin  as  Lenson-hill  to  PiUen-pin. 

That  is,  no  kin  at  alL  It  is  spoken  of  such  who  have  vicinity  of  habi- 
tation or  neighbourhood,  without  the  least  decree  of  oonsaneuinity  or 
affinity  betwixt  them.  For  these  are  two  high  hills ;  the  first  ^oUy,  the 
other  partly,  in  the  parish  of  Broad  Windsor.  Yet  the  seamen  make  the 
nearest  relation  between  them,  calling  the  one  the  cow,  the  other  the  calf, 
in  which  forms  it  seems  they  appear  first  to  tiieir  fancies,  being  eminent 
sea-marks. 

Stabbed  with  a  Brydport  dagger. 
That  is,  hanged.    The  best,  if  not  the  most,  hemp  (for  the  quantity  of 

Cnnd)  ^wing  about  Brydport,  a  market  town  m  this  county.     And 
ice  it'is,  that  there  is  an  ancient  statute  (though  now  disused  and  neg- 
lected) that  the  cable  ropes  for  the  navy  royal  were  to  be  made  thereabouts. 

If  Pool  was  a  fish-pool,  and  the  men  of  Pool  fish, 
They'd  be  a  pool  for  the  devil,  and  fish  for  his  dish. 

Wlien  this  satirical  distich  was  written,  Pool  was  not  that  place  of  trade 
and  respectability  it  now  is. 

Dorsetshire  dorsers. 

Dorsers  are  ^eds,  or  panniers,  carried  on  the  backs  of  horses,  on  which 
higlers  use  to  nde,  and  carry  their  commodities.  It  seems  this  homely, 
but  most  useful  instrument,  was  either  first  found  out,  or  is  the  most  gene- 
rally used,  in  this  county,  where  fish-jobbers  bring  up  their  fish  in  sued 
•ontriTanoes,  above  an  hundred  miles  from  Lyme  to  London. 

ESBSX. 

Essex  stiles. 
See  the  Catalogue  of  Sentences. 


PBOYXBBB.  203 

Essex  calres.     Soms  say,  Essex  lions. 

This  conntT  prodnoeth  ealyes  of  the  fitttest,  fiuretty  sad  finMt  flesh  in 
KngUnd,  snd  consequently  in  all  Europe.  Sure  it  is,  that  a  Cumberland 
eow  miy  be  boueht  for  the  price  of  an  Essex  calf  at  the  beginning  of  the 
jesr.  Let  me  add,  that  it  argues  the  goodness  of  flesh  in  this  county,  and 
tiist  great  gain  wis  got  formerly  by  the  sale  thereof,  because  that  so  many 
stately  monmnents  were  erected  therein  anciently  for  butchers,  inscriboa 
tarmjket  in  their  epitaphs  in  Cognhall,  Chelmsford,  and  elsewhere,  made 
inth  marble,  inlaia  with  brass,  ^fitting  Tsaith  my  author)  a  more  eminent 
man ;  whereby  it  appears,  that  those  of  that  trade  hare  in  that  county  been 
richer  (or  at  least  prouder)  than  in  other  places. 

Waltham  calves. 

This  pioYerb  is  frequently  applied  to  other  places  of  the  name  of  Wal- 
thsm,  in  Berkshire  azui  elsewhere,  but  belongs  exdusiyely  to  Essex. 

As  valiant  as  an  Essex  lion. 
».  <.  A  calf. 

The  weaver's  beef  of  Colchester. 

That  is,  sprats,  caught  hereabouts,  and  brouj^^ht  hither  in  incredible 
abondanoe,  wnereon  the  poor  weavers  (numerous  in  this  town)  make  much 
of  their  repast;  cutting  rands,  rumps,  sirloins,  chines,  out  of  them,  as  he 
goes  on. 

Jeering  Cogshall. 

This  IS  no  proverb;  but  an  ignominious  epithet,  fastened  on  this  place 
by  their  neighbours,  which,  as  I  hope  they  do  not  gloiv  in,  so  I  believe 
they  are  not  guilty  of.  Other  towns  in  this  county  nave  had  the  like 
shuiiTe  epit^eta.  I  remember  a  rhyme  which  was  in  common  use  formerly 
of  some  towns,  not  far  distant  the  one  from  the  other : 

Braintree  for  the  pure,  and  Bocking  for  the  poor ; 
Cogshall  for  the  jeering  town,  and  Kelvedon  for  the  whore. 

Braintree  boys,  brave  boys ; 

Bocking  boys,  rats ; 

Church  Street,  puppy  dogs  ; 

High  Gkirret,  cats. 

The  tendency  of  this  proverb  is  to  compliment  the  inhabitants  of  Brain* 
tfse  at  the  expense  of  the  three  other  places. 

Thej  may  claim  the  bacon  of  Dunmow. 

This  proverb  alludes  to  a  well-known  custom  instituted  in  the  manor  of 
Little  Dunmow,  in  this  county,  by  the  Lord  Fitzwalter,  who  lived  in  the 
reign  of  Henry  III. 

Glougestebshibe. 

As  sure  as  God's  in  Gloucestershire. 

This  is  a  foolish  and  profane  proverb,  unfit  to  be  used,  however  some 
seek  to  qualify  it,  making  God  eminently  in  this,  though  not  exclusirelv 
sf  other  counties ;  where  such  was  the  former  fruitfulness  thereof,  that  u 
ii  (by  WiUiam  of  Halmsbary,  in  Ids  Book  of  Bishops)  said  to  return  the 


204  PBOTEEBS. 

•ecd  with  an  increase  of  an  hundred-fold.  Othen  find  a  saperstitions  acnac 
therein,  supposing  God  by  his  gracious  presence  more  peculiarly  fiied  ii* 
this  county,  wherein  there  were  more  and  richer  mitted  abbeys,  than  ui 
any  two  shirea  of  England  besidea. 

Tou  are  a  man  of  Duresley. 

This  is  taken  for  one  that  breaks  hia  word,  and  fails  in  performance  of 
his  promise ;  parallel  to  Udes  OrtBca,  or  Puntea,  Duresley  is  a  market 
and  dothing  town  in  this  county,  the  inhabitants  whereof  will  endeavour 
to  confute  and  disprove  this  proverb,  to  make  it  false  now,  whatsoever  it 
was  at  the  first  original  thereof. 

'Tis  as  long  in  coming  as  Cotswould  barley. 

This  is  applied  to  such  things  as  are  slow,  but  sure.  The  com  in  this 
cold  county  on  the  tpouldsy  exposed  to  the  winds  bleak  and  shelterless,  is 
very  backward  at  the  first,  but  afterwards  overtakes  the  forwardest  in  the 
county,  if  not  in  the  bam,  in  the  bushel,  both  for  the  quantity  and  good- 
ness thereof. 

He  looks  as  if  he  had  lived  on  Tewkesbury  mustard. 

Tewkesbury  is  a  fair  market-town  in  this  county,  noted  for  the  mustard- 
balls  made  there,  and  sent  into  other  parts.  This  is  spoken  partly  of  such^ 
who  always  have  a  sad,  severe  and  terrific  countenance.  Si  eeaator  hie 
homo  tinapi  vietiiety  non  eemeam  tarn  triaUm  $aae  posse. — ^Plaut.  in  Trucul. 
Partly  of  such  as  are  snappish,  captious,  and  prone  to  take  exceptions. 

The  Tracys  have  always  the  wind  in  their  faces. 

This  is  founded  on  a  fond  and  false  tradition,  which  reports,  that  ever 
since  Sir  William  Tracy  was  most  active  among  the  four  knights  which 
killed  Thomas  Becket,  it  is  imposed  on  the  Tracys  for  miraculous  penance, 
that,  whether  they  go  by  land  or  by  water,  the  wind  is  ever  in  their  feces. 
If  this  were  so  ^saith  tne  Doctor)  it  was  a  favour  in  a  hot  summer  to  the 
females  of  that  lamily,  and  would  spare  them  the  use  of  a  fim,  &c. 

As  fierce  as  a  lion  of  Cotswould. 
f .  e.  A  sheep. 

Hampshuus. 

Manners  makes  a  man, 

Quoth  William  of  Wickham. 

William  of  Wickham  was  a  person  well  known.  ^  He  was  Bishop  o' 
Winchester,  founded  New  College  in  Oxford,  and  Winchester  College  in 
tiiis  county.  This  generally  was  his  motto  inscribed  frequently  on  the 
places  of  his  founding.  So  that  it  hath  since  acquired  a  proverbial  re- 
putation. 

Canterbury  is  the  higher  rack,  but  Winchester  is  the  better 

maneer.     * 

W.  Edington,  Bishop  of  Winchester,  was  the  author  of  this  expreasiou, 
rendering  this  the  reason  of  his  refusal  to  be  removed  to  Canterbury,  though 
chosen  thereunto.  Indeed,  though  Canterbury  be  graced  with  an  higher 
honour,  the  revenues  of  Winchester  are  greater.  It  is  applicable  to  such 
vhc  prefer  a  wealthy  privacy  before  a  less  profitable  digmty. 


PU0VJCB1S8.  205 

The  Isle  of  Wight  hath  no  nionka,  lawyers,  nor  foxes. 

Thu  speech  hath  more  miith  than  truth  in  it. — (SpamCs  CAyjuogue  of 
ReUffiotu  Eouan.)  That  they  had  monkfl  I  knoTT,  Black  ones  at  Canabrook, 
^Vlute  ones  at  Qnairer,  in  tms  island.  That  they  bavo  lawyers,  they  know 
when  they  pay  them  their  fees :  and  that  they  haye  foxes,  their  lambs 
know.  Bat  of  all  ^ese,  perchance  fewer  than  in  other  placet  of  equal 
extent 

liampshire  ground  requires  every  day  in  the  week  a  shower 

of  rain,  and  on  Sunday  twain. 

A  Hampshire  ho^. 
A  jocQJar  appellation  for  a  Hampshire  man. 

Hertfordsuibb. 

Hertfordshire  clnhs  and  clouted  shoon. 

Some  will  wonder  how  this  shire,  lying  so  hear  to  London,  the  staple  of 
English  civility,  should  be  guilty  of  so  much  rusticity.  But  the  finest 
clota  must  haye  a  list,  and  the  pure  peasants  are  of  as  coarse  a  thread  in 
*Ju8  as  in  any  other  place.  Yet,  though  some  may  smile  at  their  down- 
ulmes,  let  none  laugh  at  their  industrr ;  the  rather,  because  the  high 
shoon,  of  the  tenant  pays  for  the  Spanish  leather  boots  of  the  Undlora. 
Clnb  is  an  old  term  for  a  booby. 

Hertfordshire  hedge-hogs. 

Henty  of  hedge-hogs  are  found  in  this  high  woodland  country,  reported 
to  rack  the  kine ;  though  the  dairy-maids  conne  them  small  thanks  for 
Bearing  their  jpains  in  milking  them.  Whether  this  proverb  may  have 
any  farther  reflection  on  the  people  of  this  county,  as  therein  taxed  for 
coTetousness,  and  constant  nuddling  on  the  earth,  I  think  not  worth  the 
enquiry ;  these  nicknames  being  imposed  on  several  counties  gronndlessly 
as  to  any  moral  significancy. 

Ware  and  Wades-mill  are  worth  all  London. 

This,  I  assure  you,  is  a  master-piece  of  the  vulvar  wits  in  this  county, 
▼herewith  they  endeavour  to  amuse  travellers,  as  if  Ware,  a  thorough-fare 
market,  and  Wades-miU,  part  of  a  village  lying  two  miles  north  tuereof, 
vere  so  prodigiously  rich,  as  to  countervail  the  wealth  of  London.  The 
fallacy  Iieth  in  the  homonymv  of  Ware ;  here  not  taken  for  that  town  so 
named,  but  appellatively  for  all  vendible  commodities.  It  is  rather  a  riddle 
than  a  proveni. 

Hertfordshire  kindness. 

That  is,  when  one  drinks  back  again  to  the  party  who  immediately  be- 
fore drank  co  him :  and  although  it  may  signify  as  much  as,  Mantumanum 
frieat^  ei  par  eat  de  mermU  bene  mereriy  vet  it  is  commonlv  CLsed  only  by 
^y  of  derision  of  those  who,  through  forgetfulness  or  mntake,  drink  to 
them  again  whom  they  pledged  immediately. 

Herxfordbhirx. 
Blesaed  is  the  eye 
That  is  between  Severn  and  Wye. 
Not  only  because  of  the  pleasant  prospect,  but  it  seemi  this  ii  a  pro* 


206  PR0TIBB8. 

phetical  promiae  of  safety  to  i  ich  as  live  ncarod  witliiii  thoee  greil  ir 
as  if  privileged  from  martial  impressioDs. 

Sutton  Wall  and  Kencheater  Hill, 

Are  able  to  buy  London  were  it  to  sell. 

These  are  two  places  fruitful  in  this  ooanty,  saith  Mr.  HoireU. 

Lemster  bread  and  Weabley  ale. 

Both  these  the  best  in  their  kinds,  understand  it  of  thisoonnty.  Other* 
wise  there  is  wheat  in  En^^land  that  will  Tie  with  that  of  Lemster  for  pore« 
ness :  for  example,  that  of  (Narden'a  MiddUux.  Oamdem,  Brit,)  Hestea, 
near  Harrow  on  the  11  ill,  in  Middlesex,  of  which  for  a  long  time  Uie 
manchet  for  the  kines  of  England  was  made :  and  for  ale,  Derby  town, 
and  Northdown  in  me  Isle  of  Thanet,  Hull  in  Torkshire,  and  oambich 
in  Cheshire,  will  scarce  give  place  to  Weabley. 

Every  one  cannot  dwell  at  Rotheraa. 
A  deUcate  seat  of  the  Bodmans  in  this  oonnty. 

HuimifGDOVBHIBI. 

A  Huntingdon  sturgeon. 

This  is  the  war  to  Beggars-bash. 

It  is  spoken  of  snch  who  use  dissolute  and  improvident  couisea,  which 
tend  to  poverty.  Beggars-bush  being  a  tree  notoriously  known,  on  the 
left  hand  of  the  London  road  from  Huntingdon  to  Cazton. 

Ramsay  the  rich. 

This  was  the  Croesus  of  all  our  English  abbeys ;  for  havine  but  sixty 
monks  to  maintain  therein,  the  revenues  thereof,  aoconting  to  ue  standard 
of  those  times,  amounted  unto  seven  thousand  pounds  per  annum  :  which 
in  proportion,  was  an  hundred  pounds  for  everv  moxik,  and  a  thousand 
pounds  for  their  abbot ;  yet,  at  the  dissolution  of  monasteries,  the  income 
of  this  abbey  was  reckoned  at  but  one  thousand  nine  hundred  and  eighty 
pounds  a  year ;  whereby  it  plainlv  appears,  how  much  the  revenues  were 
under-rated  in  those  valuations.  Kamsay  was  an  abbey  of  Benedictinemonks. 

Kent. 
Neither  in  Kent  nor  Christendom. 

That  is,  saith  Dr.  Fuller,  our  English  Christendom,  of  which  Kent  vtm 
first  converted  to  the  Christian  frdth,  as  much  as  to  say;  as  Rome  and  all 
Italv,  or  the  first  cut,  and  all  the  loaf  besides :  not  by  way  of  opposition, 
as  if  Kent  were  no  part  of  Christendom,  as  some  have  understood  it.  I 
rather  think  that  it  is  to  be  understood  by  way  of  opposition ;  and  that  it  had 
its  original  upon  occasion  of  Kent  being  fiven  by  the  ancient  Britons  to 
the  Saxons,  who  were  then  pagans.  So  Uiat  Kent  might  well  be  opposed 
to  all  the  rest  of  England  in  this  respect,  it  being  pagan  when  all  the  rest 
was  christian. 

A  knight  of  Gales,  a  gentleman  of  Wales,  and  a  laird  of  the 

North  Countree ; 

A  yeoman  of  Kent,  with  his  yearly  rent,  will  buy  them  out  all 

three. 

Calrs  knights  were  made  in  that  voyage  by  Robert,  Earl  of  Essex,  U 


PBOYSBBt.  207 

lh»sniiber  of  nitjr;  irliereof  (though  many  of  great  birth)  ftime  were 
of  low  fortunes :  and  therefore  Queen  Elisabeth  was  half  oiTended  with 
the  Eail  for  making  knighthood  so  common. 

Of  the  nnmeronsness  of  Welch  ^ntlemen  nothing  need  be  aaid,  the 
Welch  geneiallY  pretendiog  to  eentihty.  JSorthem  lairds  are  such,  who 
in  Soothmd  hold  lands  in  chief  of  the  king,  whereof  some  haye  no  great 
rerenne.  So  that  a  Kentish  yeoman  (by  the  help  of  a  hyperbole)  may 
eotrnterrail,  &o.  Teomen,  contracted  for  ffemen-mien,  firom  gmnein,  signify- 
xne  common  in  old  Dntch ;  so  that  a  yeoman  is  a  commoner,  one  undig- 
nified with  any  title  of  gentility :  a  condition  of  people  almost  peculiar  to 
Rngland ;  ax.a  which  is,  in  effect,  the  basis  of  all  the  nation. 

Kentish  long-tails. 

Those  are  mistaken  who  found  this  prorerb  on  a  miracle  of  Austin  the 
monk ;  who  preaching  in  an  English  Tillage,  and  being  with  his  asso- 
ciates beaten  and  abused  by  the  pagans  there,  who  opprobrioualy  tied 
fish-tails  to  their  back-sides ;  m.  revenge  thereof  such  api>endants  grew  to 
the  hind  iMots  of  all  that  generation.  The  scene  of  this  lying  wonder 
was  not  laid  in  any  part  of  Kent,  but  pretended  many  mil»8  off,  near 
Ceme,  in  Dorsetshire.  I  conceive  it  first  of  outlandish  extraction,  and 
cast  by  fbrei^ers  as  a  note  of  disgrace  on  all  Englishmen ;  though  it 
chanoeth  to  stick  only  on  the  Kentish  at  this  day.  What  the  original  or 
occasion  of  it  at  first  was,  is  hard  to  say ;  whether  from  wearing  a  pouch 
or  baf,  to  carry  their  baggage  in  behind  their  backs,  whilst  prooably  the 
fmnS  Monsimra  had  their  lacquies  for  that  purpose ;  or  whetner  from  the 
mentioned  stotT  of  Austin.  I  am  sure  there  are  some  at  this  day  in  foreign 
parts  who  can  nardly  be  persuaded  but  that  Englishmen  have  tails. 

Why  t^  nickname  (cut  off  from  the  rest  of  England)  continues  still 
entailed  on  Rent,  the  reason  may  be  (as  the  Doctor  conjectures)  because 
that  county  lies  nearest  to  France,  and  the  French  are  beheld  as  the  first 
foundlBrs  of  this  aspersion. 

Deal,  Dover,  and  Harwich, 
The  devil  gave  his  daughter  in  marriage ; 
And  by  a  codicil  of  his  will. 
He  added  Helveot  and  the  Brill. 
This  satirical  squib  is  equally  applicable  to  many  other  leapports. 

Starve'm,  Rob*em,  and  Cheat'em. 
f.  $,  Stroud,  Rochester,  and  Chatham. 

Dover-court,  all  speakers,  and  no  hearers. 

The  Doctor  understands  this  proverb  of  some  tumultuous  court  k«pt  at 
Dover,  the  confluence  of  many  blustering  seamen,  who  are  not  easily 
ordered  into  any  awful  attention.  It  is  applicable  to  such  irregular  con- 
ferences where  the  people  are  all  tongue  and  no  ears. 

A  jack  of  Dover. 

I  find  the  first  mention  of  this  proverb  in  our  English  Enniii^  (Imoeit 
O  his  Proeme  to  the  Cook : 

**  And  many  a  jack  of  Dover  he  had  sold, 
Which  had  been  two  times  hot,  and  two  tunes  ooU." 


SOS  nK>VlRB8. 

This  he  miikes  parallel  to  Chxmbe  bit  eoeta;  and  appHcaUe  to  aoflii  tf 
grate  the  ean  of  their  auditon  with  migratefiil  tautologieiy  of  what  it 
worthless  in  itself;  tolerable  as  once  uttered  in  the  notion  of  novelty,  but 
abominable  if  repeated. 

A  Dover  shark,  and  a  Deal  savage. 
Lon^,  lazy,  lousy  Lewisham. 

This  i>ro'rerb  has  been  preserved  rather  by  the  alliteration,  than  its  being 
founded  in  truth. 

Tenterden  steeple's  the  cause  of  Gk>odwin's  Sands. 

This  proverb  is  used  when  an  absurd  and  ridiculous  reason  is  given  of 
any  thing  in  question ;  an  account  of  the  original  whneof  I  find  in  one 
of  Bishop  Latuner^s  sermons  in  these  words :  Mr.  Moore  was  once  sent 
with  commission  into  Kent,  to  try  out,  if  it  might  be,  what  was  the  cause 
of  Goodwin's  Sands,  and  the  shelf  which  stopped  up  Sandwich  Haven. 
Thither  cometh  Mr.  Moore,  and  calleth  all  the  country  before  him,  such 
as  were  thought  to  be  men  of  experience,  and  men  that  could  of  likelihood 
best  satisfy  him  of  the  matter  concerning  the  stopping  of  Sandwich  Haven. 
Among  the  rest  came  in  before  him  an  old  man  with  a  white  head,  and  one 
that  was  thoug:ht  to  be  little  less  than  an  hundred  years  old.  ^hen  Mr. 
Mooro  saw  tms  aged  man,  he  thought  it  expedient  to  hear  him  say  his 
mind  in  this  matter ;  for  b^g  so  old  a  man,  it  was  likely  that  he  knew 
most  in  that  presence,  or  company.  So  Mi.  Moore  called  this  old  aged 
man  unto  him,  and  said,  Father,  teu  me,  if  you  can,  what  is  the  cause  of 
the  ^eat  arising  of  the  sands  and  shelves  here  about  this  haven,  which 
stop  It  up,  so  that  no  ships  can  arrive  here.    Tou  are  the  oldest  man  I  can 

7 y  in  ^  the  company,  so  that  if  any  man  can  tdl  the  cause  of  it,  you 
all  likelihood  can  say  most  to  it,  or  at  leastwise  more  than  any  man 
here  assembled.  Tea  forsooth,  good  Mr.  Moore,  quoth  this  old  man,  for 
1  am  well  nigh  an  hundredyears  old,  and  no  man  here  in  this  company 
any  thing  near  mv  age.  Well  then  Tquoth  Mr.  Moore)  how  say  you  to 
this  matter }  What  think  you  to  be  toe  cause  of  these  shelves  and  sands, 
which  stop  up  Sandwich  haven  ?  Forsooth,  Sir,  (quoth  he^  I  am  an  old 
man ;  I  think  that  Tenterton  steeple  is  the  cause  of  Gooawin's  Sands. 
For  I  am  an  old  man,  Sir,  (quoth  he) ;  I  may  remember  the  building  of 
Tenterton  steeple,  and  I  may  remember  when  there  was  no  steeple  at  all 
there.  And  before  that  Tenterton  steeple  was  in  building,  there  was  no 
manner  of  talking  of  any  flats  or  sands  that  stopped  up  tne  haven ;  and 
therefore,  I  tb*uk  that  Tenterton  steeple  is  the  cause  of  the  decay  and  dd- 
stroying  of  SAodwich  haven. — ^Thus  far  the  Bishop.  Fuller,  however, 
remarka,  '*  That  one  story  is  good  'till  another  is  told :  and  though  this 
be  all  whereupon  this  proverb  is  generally  grounded,  I  met  since,"  says 
he,  "  with  a  supplement  thereunto ;  it  is  this :  Time  out  of  mind,  money 
was  constantly  collected  out  of  this  county  to  fence  the  east  banks  thereof 
against  the  irruption  of  the  sea,  and  such  sums  were  deposited  in  the  hands 
of  the  Bishop  of  Rochester ;  but  because  the  sea  had  been  quiet  for  many 
years  without  any  encroaching,  the  Bishop  commuted  this  money  to  the 
building  of  a  steeple,  and  endowing^  a  church  at  Tenterden.  By  this  di- 
version of  the  collection  for  the  maintenance  of  the  banks,  the  sea  after^ 
wards  brake  i  upun  Goodwin's  Sands.     And  now  the  old  man  had  told  a 


PBOYXBBS.  21/9 

tmtkom  tale,  had  be  found  but  tbe  due  fitvour  to  finisb  it :  and  tboa,  lome- 
times,  tbat  is  cauaelesBly  accounted  ignorance  of  the  ipeaker,  which  ia  no- 
thing bat  impatience  in  the  auditon,  unwilling  to  attend  to  the  end  of  the 
diacoune. 

Some  part  of  Kent  hath  health,  and  no  wealth,  viz.  East  Kent. 
Some  wealth,  and  no  health,  viz.  the  Weald  of  Kent.  Some 
both  health  and  wealth,  viz.  the  middle  of  the  coanty,  and 
parts  near  London. 

Laitcajshibb. 

Lancashire  fair  women. 

Whether  the  women  of  this  county  be  indeed  fairer  than  their  neigh- 
bours, I  know  not :  but  that  the  inhabitants  of  some  counties  may  be,  and 
are,  generally  fairer  than  those  of  others,  is  most  certain :  the  reason 
whereof  is  to  be  attributed  partly  to  the  temperature  of  the  air,  partly  to 
the  condition  of  the  soil,  and  partly  to  their  manner  of  food.  The  hotter 
the  climate,  generally  the  blacker  the  inhabitants ;  and  the  colder,  the  fairer : 
the  colder,  1  say,  to  a  certain  degree ;  for  in  extreme  cold  countries,  the 
mhabitants  are  of  dusky  complexions.  But  in  the  same  climate,  that  in 
some  places  the  inhabitants  should  be  fairer  than  in  others,  proceedi  from 
the  direisity  of  the  situation  Neither  high  or  low,  maritime,  or  far  from  sea), 
ur  of  the  soil  and  manner  of  living,  which  we  see  have  so  much  influence 
upon  beasts,  as  to  alter  them  in  bigness,  shape,  and  colour ;  and  why  it 
may  not  have  the  like  on  men,  I  see  not. 

It  is  written  upon  a  wall  in  Rome, 

Ribchester  was  as  rich  as  any  town  in  Christendom. 

Some  monumental  wall,  whereon  the  names  of  the  principal  places  were 
mseribed  then  subject  to  the  Roman  empire.  And  probably  this  £ib- 
eheater  was  anciently  some  eminent  colony ;  as  by  pieces  of  coins  and 
columns  there  daily  aigged  out  doth  appear.  However,  at  this  day  it  is 
not  so  much  as  a  market-town ;  but  whether  decayed  by  age,  or  destroyed 
b^  accident,  is  uncertain.  It  is  called  Eibchester,  because  situated  on  the 
nver  Kibble. 

As  old  as  Pendle-hill. 

If  Riving-pike  do  wear  a  hood. 
Be  sure  that  day  will  neVr  be  good. 
A  mist  on  the  top  of  that  hill  16  a  sign  of  foul  weather. 

He  that  would  take  a  Lancashire  man  at  any  time  or  tide, 
Must  bait  his  hook  with  a  good  egg-pie,  or  an  apple  with  a 
red  side. 

Leicestxbshibs. 

Bean-belly  Leicestershire. 

So  called  from  the  great  plenty  of  that  grain  growing  therein.  Tea, 
those  of  the  neighbouring  counties  used  to  say  merrily,  Snake  a  Leicester- 
ihire  man  by  the  collar,  and  you  shall  hear  the  beans  rattle  in  his  belly 

P 


210  PilOT£BB8. 

But  thote  yeomen  smile  at  what  ia  said  to  rattle  in  their  beDiea,  when  they 
know  good  ailyer  ringeth  in  their  pockets. 

If  Berer  hath  a  cap, 

You  churles  of  the  vale,  look  to  that. 

That  is,  when  the  clouds  hang  oyer  the  towers  of  Berer  caatle,  it  is  a 
prognostic  of  much  rain  and  moisture,  to  the  much  endamaging  that  fruit- 
ful Tale  lying  in  the  three  counties  of  Leicester,  lincohi,  aim  Nottingham. 

Bread  for  Borrongh-men. 

At  Great  Glen  there  are  more  great  dogs  than  honest  men. 

Carleton  warlers. 

So  denominated,  according  to  Burton,  from  their  harsh  and  rattling  mode 
of  speech. 

ril  throw  you  into  Harborough  field. 
A  threat  for  children,  Harborough  having  no  field. 

Put  up  your  pipes,  and  go  to  Lockington  wake. 

The  last  man  that  he  killed  keeps  hogs  in  Hinckley  field. 
Spoken  of  a  coward  that  nerer  durst  fight. 

He  has  gone  over  Assfordy-bridge  backwards. 
Spoken  of  one  that  is  past  learning. 

Like  the  Mayor  of  Hartle-pool,  you  cannot  do  that. 
I.  e.  You  cannot  work  imposobilitics. 

Then  Fll  thatch  Groby  pool  with  pancakes. 
Said  when  that  which  is  impossible  is  promised  or  undertaken. 

For  his  death  there  is  many  a  wet  eye  in  Groby  pool. 
He  is  so  little  respected,  that  no  one  laments  his  loss. 

In  and  out,  like  Bellesdon,  I  wot. 
A  Leicestershire  plover. 
t.  e,  A  bag-pudding. 

Bedworth  beggars. 

The  same  again,  quoth  Mark  of  Bellgrave. 

This  proverb  alludes  to  a  story  told  of  a  militia  officer  in  the  time  of 
Queen  Elizabeth,  who  exercising  his  men  before  the  Lord-Lieutenant,  was 
BO  abashed,  that  after  giving  the  first  word  of  command^  his  memory  failing 
liim,  he  repeatedly  ordered  ms  men  to  do  the  same  again. 

What  have  I  to  do  with  Bradshaw's  wind-mill  f 
f.  e.  What  have  I  to  do  with  another  man's  business  ? 

He  leaps  like  a  Belle  giant,  or  devil  of  Mountsorrel. 

**In  the  neighbourhood  of  Mountsorrel,"  savs  Peck,  ''the  country 
people  have  a  story  of  a  giant,  or  devil,  named  Bell,  who  once,  in  a  merry 
vein,  took  three  prodigious  leaps,  which  they  thus  describe :  At  a  phu^ 
thmice  ever  after  ccdled  Mountsorrel,  he  mounted  the  sorrel  hone,  ana 
leaped  a  mile,  to  a  place,  from  it  since  named  Oneleap,  now  corrupted  tc 
Vaniip :  thence  he  leaped  another  mile,  to  a  village  called  Burst-au,  from 


7B0YERB8.  211 

tbe  banting  of  botih  hinuelf,  his  nrts,  and  his  horse :  the  third  leap  ww 
ilso  a  mile ;  but  the  violence  of  tfie  exertion  and  shock  killed  him,  and  hd 
was  there  buried ;  and  the  place  has  ever  since  been  denominated  BdFs 
OroMf  or  B^l-grave;'*  intending  thereby  to  ridicule  those  who  dc«l  in  tho 
narrcUoua;  or,  in  other  words,  draw  the  long  bow. 

There  are  more  whores  io  Hose,  than  honest  women  in  Long 

Clawton. 

The  humour  of  this  proverb  turns  on  the  word  hote ;  which  is  bore 
meant  to  signify  stockings,  and  is  the  name  of  a  imall  village  adjoining 
Long  Clawton,  which  is  comparatively  very  populous. 

LlVTCOLNBHiaS. 

Lincolnshire,  where  hogs  sh —  soap,  and  cows  sh —  fire. 

The  inhabitants  of  the  poorer  sort  washmg  their  clothes  with  hogs'  dung 
and  burning  dried  cow-dung  for  want  of  better  fuel. 

Lincolnshire  bagpipes. 

Whether  beeaose  the  people  here  do  more  delight  in  the  bagpipes  than 
others,  or  whether  they  are  more  cunning  in  playing  upon  them ;  indeed, 
the  former  of  these  will  infer  the  latter. 

As  loud  as  Tom  of  Lincoln. 

This  Tom  of  Lincoln  is  an  extraordinary  ereat  bell,  hanging  in  one  of 
the  towers  of  Lincoln  minster :  how  it  got  the  name  I  know  not,  unless 
it  were  imposed  on  it  when  baptised  by  the  papists.  Howbeit,  this  present 
Tom  was  cast  in  King  James's  time,  anno  1610. 

All  the  carts  that  come  to  Crowland  are  shod  with  silver. 

Crowland  is  situated  in  such  moorish  rotten  ground  in  the  Kens,  that 
scarce  a  horse,  much  less  a  cart,  can  come  to  it.  Since  the  draining,  in 
summer  time,  carts  may  go  thither. 

As  mad  as  the  baiting  bull  of  Stamford. 

Take  the  original  hereof.  fR.  Butcher,  in  his  Survey  of  Stamford,  page 
40.)  WilUam,  Earl  Warren,  lord  of  this  town  in  the  time  of  King  John, 
standing  upon  the  castle  walls  of  Stamford,  saw  two  bulls  fightii^  for  a 
:ow  in  the  meadow,  till  all  the  butchers'  dogs,  great  and  small,  pursued 
one  of  the  bulls  (being  maddened  with  noise  and  multitude)  clean  mrough 
the  town.  This  sight  so  pleased  the  said  Earl,  that  he  gave  all  those 
meadows  (called  the  Castle  Meadows),  where  first  the  bull  duel  began,  for 
a  common  to  tho  butchers  of  the  town  (after  the  first  grass  was  eaten), 
on  condition  they  find  a  mad  bull,  the  day  six  weeks  before  Christmaa-day, 
fur  the  continuance  of  that  sport  every  year. 

Yellow  bellies. 
An  appellation  given  to  persons  bom  in  the  Fens. 

He  was  born  at  Little  Wittham. 

Little  Wittham  is  a  village  in  this  county.  It  is  applied  to  raoh  as  ato 
not  overstocked  with  acuteness,  being  a  nominal  aUusioa;  of  the  like 
whereto  we  have  many  current  among  the  vulgar. 

Grantham  gruel ;  nine  grits,  and  a  gallon  of  water. 
This  is  i^pUcable  to  those  who,  in  their  speeches  or  actions,  multiply 


212  PBOTZBBB. 

what  is  mperfluoiu,  or  at  best  1cm  ncceeiary,  either  wholly  omittlng^y  or  lea 
regarding,  the  essentialB  thereof. 

They  hold  together  as  the  meu  of  Marsham  when  they  lost 

their  common. 

Some  understand  it  ironically ;  that  is,  thej  are  dirided  with  seTerd 
factions,  which  ruins  any  cause.  Others  use  it  only  as  an  expression  of  ill 
■Ubcess,  when  men  striye  and  plot  together  to  no  purpose. 

Middlesex. 

Middlesex  clowns. 

Because  gentry  and  nohllity  are  respectively  ohserred  according  to  their 
degTue,  hy  people  far  distant  from  London,  less  regarded  by  these  Middle* 
scxians  (n^uency  breeds  familiarity)  because  abounding  tnereaboats.  It 
is  generally  true,  where  the  common  people  are  richer,  uiere  are  they  more 
suny  and  uncivil :  as  also  where  they  have  less  dependence  on  the  gentry, 
as  in  places  of  great  trade. 

He  that  is  at  low  ehh  at  Newgate,  may  soon  be  afloat  at  Tyburn* 
Strand-on-the-Green,  thirteen  houses,  fourteen  cuckolds,  and 
never  a  house  hetween. 

Mr,  JB&dwelTt  Description  of  Tottenham,  Chap.  3. 
Wlien  Tottenham  wood  is  all  on  fire. 
Then  Tottenham  street  is  nought  but  mire. 

That  is,  when  Tottenham  wood,  standing  on  a  high  hill  at  the  west  end 
of  the  parish,  hath  a  foggy  mist  hanging  over  it  in  manner  of  a  smoke, 
then  generally  foul  weather  foUoweth.  Tottenham  wood,  it  is  said,  sup- 
plied,  formerly,  a  part  of  London  with  fuel. 

Id^m  ihid. 
Tottenham  is  turned  French. 

It  seems  about  the  beginning  of  the  reign  of  Kin^p  Henry  VIII.  French 
mechanics  swarmed  in  England,  to  the  great  prejudice  of  J:.nglish  artisans, 
which  caused  the  insurrection  in  London  on  lU  May-day,  a.d.  1517.  Nor 
was  the  city  only,  but  the  country  villages  for  four  miles  about,  filled  with 
French  fasnions  and  infections.  The  proverb  is  applied  to  such,  who, 
contemning  the  customs  of  their  own  country,  make  themselves  more 
ridiculous,  by  affecting  foreign  humours  and  habits. 

The  nun  of  Sion,  with  the  friar  of  Sheen. 

According  to  vulgar  tradition,  these  two  monasteries  had  a  subterraneous 
communication. 

LOFDON. 

A  London  jury  ;  hang  half,  and  save  half. 

Some  affirm  this  of  an  Essex,  others  of  a  Middlesex,  jurv :  and  my 
charity  believes  it  equally  true,  that  is,  equally  untrue,  of  ail  three.  It 
v/ould  fain  suggest  to  credulous  people  as  if  Londoners,  frequently  im- 
panncllid  on  juries,  and  loaded  with  multiplicity  of  matters,  aim  more  at 
dispatch  than  justice,  and  to  make  qiiick  riddance,  (though  no  haste  la 
hang  true  men,)  acquit  half,  and  condemn  half.    Thva  they  diWde  them- 


PSOVXKBS.  213 

nhres  IB  mfmUArio  between  justioe  and  mercy,  fhongh  it  were  moot  the 
latter  shooid  hare  the  more  advantage,  &c. 

The  firiwenewt  of  this  suggestion  will  appear  to  such  who,  by  perusing 
history,  do  discover  the  London  jorors  most  conscientious  in  proceeding 
teamium  oU$gata  et  probata  ;  always  inclining  to  the  merciful  side  in  saying 
life,  when  they  can  find  any  cause  or  colour  for  the  same. 

A  London  Cockney. 

This  nickname  is  more  than  four  hundred  yean  old :  for  when  Hugh 
Bigot  added  artificial  fortifications  to  his  naturally  strong  castle  of  Bungayi 
in  SofiTolk,  he  gave  out  this  rhyme,  therein  Taunting  it  tor  impregnable ; 

Were  I  in  my  castle  of  Bungay, 

Upon  the  river  of  Waveney, 

I  would  ne  care  for  the  King  of  Cockney. 

Meaning  thereby  King  Henry  II.,  then  quietly  possessed  of  London, 
whilst  some  others  places  did  resist  him :  though  afterwards  he  so  humbled 
this  Hugh,  that  he  was  fain  with  large  sums  of  money,  and  pledges  for  his 
loyalty,  to  redeem  this  his  castle  from  being  razed  to  the  ground.  I  meet  with 
a  doaUe  sense  of  this  word  Cockney :  1.  One  coa^d  and  eoepiet'dt  made  a 
wanton  or  nestle-cock,  delicately  bred  and  brought  up,  so  as,  when  grown 
up,  to  be  able  to  endure  no  haroship.  2.  One  utterly  ignorant  of  country 
auirs,  of  husbandry,  and  housewifery,  as  there  practiMd.  The  origina*! 
thereof,  and  the  tale  of  the  citizen's  son,  who  knew  not  the  language  of  a 
cock,  but  called  it  neighing,  is  commonly  known. 

London  lick-penny. 

The  countryman  coming  up  hither,  by  his  own  experience,  will  easily 
expound  the  meaning  thereot. 

London  bridge  was  made  for  wise  men  to  go  over,  and  fools 

to  go  under. 

Billingsgate  language. 

Billings  was  formerly  a  gate,  and  (as  some  would  make  us  belieye)  so 
called  from  Belinus,  the  brother  of  Brennus:  it  ii  now  rather /soWim,  a 
haven,  than  porta.  Billingsgate  language  is  such  as  the  fishwives,  and 
other  rude  people  which  fiock  thither,  use  frequently  one  to  another  whei 
they  fidl  ouL 

Kirbe's  castle,  and  Megse's  glory  ; 
Spinola*s  pleasure,  and  Fisher's  folly. 

These  were  four  houses  about  the  city,  built  by  citizens,  large  and  sump- 
tnous  above  their  estates.  Fuller  says,  "  The  first  of  these  is  so  uncastel* 
lated,  and  the  glory  of  the  second  so  olMcured,  that  very  few  know  (and  it 
were  needless  to  tell  them)  where  these  houses  stood. 

^  As  for  Spinola,  a  Genoan,  made  a  free  denizen,  the  master  and  fellows 
>f  a  college  m  Cambridge  know  too  well  what  he  was,  by  their  expensive 
suit,  known  to posterityby  Magdalen-CoUege  case.  If  his  own  country 
{I  mean  the  Italian)  curse  did  orertake  him,  and  if  the  plague  of  building 
did  light  upon  him,  few,  I  believe,  did  pity  him. 

'*  Ab  for  the  last,  it  was  built  by  Jasper  Fish,  free  of  the  Goldsmiths', 
ane  of  the  six  dcrks  in  chancery,  and  a  justice  of  peace,  who  being  a  maa 


214  PR0TXBB8. 

of  no  great  wealth  (as  indebted  to  many^,  built  here  a  beatttiful  hcoM^ 
with  gardens  of  pleasure,  and  fine  long  alleys  about  it,  called  Bevooshiit 
House  to  this  daj. 

He  was  born  within  the  sound  of  Bow-bell. 

This  is  the  periphrasiB  of  a  Londoner  at  large.  This  is  called  Bowbell, 
because  hanging  in  the  steeple  of  Bow  Church ;  and  Bow  Church,  because 
built  on  bows  or  arches,  saith  my  author.  But  I  hare  been  told,  that  it 
was  called  from  the  cross  stone  arches,  or  bows,  on  the  top  of  the  steeple. 
We  learn  from  Stowe,  that  a  mercer,  named  John  Dun,  gave,  in  1472,  two 
tenements  to  maintain  the  ringing  of  this  bell  CTerv  night,  at  nine  o'dock, 
as  a  signal  for  the  city  apprentices  and  serrants  to  Iea?e  off  work. 

St.  Peter* 8  in  the  Poor, 

Where's  no  tavern,  alehouse,  or  sign  at  the  door. 

Under  correction,  I  conceive  it  called  "  in  the  poor,"  because  the  Aogos- 
tinian  friars,  professing  wilful  poverty  for  some  hundreds  of  years,  possessed 
more  than  a  moiety  thereof.  Otherwise  this  was  one  of  the  richest  parishes 
in  London,  and  therefore  might  say,  MtUo  pauper  voeari  quam  eate.  How 
ancient  the  use  of  signs  in  this  city  on  private  houses  is  to  me  unlmown ; 
sure  I  am,  it  was  generally  used  in  the  reign  of  King  Edward  lY. 

Oood  manners  to  except  my  Lord  Ma^or  of  London. 

This  is  a  corrective  of  such  whose  expressions  are  of  the  largest  sise, 
and  too  general  in  their  extent. 

I  have  dined  as  well  as  my  Lord  Mayor  of  London. 

That  is,  though  not  so  dubiously  or  daintily,  on  variety  of  costly  dishes, 
yet  as  comfortably,  as  contentedly,  according  to  the  rule,  Satia  $tt  quod 
tufflaU  ;  Enough  is  as  good  as  a  feast,  and  better  than  a  surfeit. 

As  old  as  Paul's,  or  as  Paul's  steeple. 

Different  are  the  dates  of  the  a^e  thereof,  because  it  had  two  births  or 
beginning ;  one  when  it  was  originally  co-founded  by  King  Kthelbert, 
with  the  body  of  the  church,  anno  610  ;  another  when  burnt  with  light- 
ning, and  afterwards  rebuilt  by  the  Bishops  of  London,  1087. 

He  is  only  fit  for  Buffians'-hall. 

West  Smithfleld  (now  the  horse-market]  was  formerly  called  (says  the 
Continuer  of  Stowe's  Annals)  Ruffians'-hall,  whore  ruffians  met  casually, 
and  othewise,  to  try  masteries  with  sword  and  buckler.  Fuller  remarks, 
that  a  rufllan  is  the  same  with  a  swagecrer ;  so  called,  because  endeavouring 
to  make  that  side  to  swag  or  weigh  down  whereon  he  engageth. 

A  loyal  heart  may  be  landed  under  Traitors*  bridge. 

This  is  a  bridge  under  which  is  an  entrance  into  the  Tower,  over  against 
Fink-gate,  formerly  fatal  to  those  who  landed  there ;  there  being  a  mutter- 
ing; that  such  never  came  forth  alive,  as  dying,  to  say  no  worse  therein, 
without  any  le^  trial.  The  proverb  importeth,  that  passive  innocence, 
overpowered  with  adversaries,  may  be  accused  without  cause,  and  dinposec 
of  at  the  pleasure  of  others. 
To  cast  water  into  the  Thames. 

That  is,  to  give  to  them  who  had  plenty  before ;  which,  notwithitaud- 
in^,  is  the  dole  general  of  the  world. 


PBOTKVB8.  215 

He  must  take  a  hoase  in  Tum-again  Lane. 

ThiM,  in  old  records,  is  called  Wind*again  Lane,  and  Ueth  in  the  parlib 
of  St  Sepnlehre's  goinff  down  to  Fleet-ditch,  hairing  no  exit  at  one  end. 
It  is  epoKea  of  and  to  uiose  who  take  prodigal  or  other  yicious  and  ds- 
ftruetiTe  oonnes. 

He  may  whet  his  knife  on  the  threshold  of  the  Fleet. 

The  Fleet  is  a  place  notoriously  known  for  a  prison,  so  called  firom  Fleet- 
brook  ronning  hj  it,  to  which  many  are  committed  for  their  contempts, 
and  more  for  their  debts.  The  proverb  is  applicable  to  such  who  never 
owed  ooght :  or  having  run  into  debt,  have  crept  out  of  it,  so  that  now 
they  may,  triumphare  m  hostieoy  defy  danger  and  arrests,  &e. 

All  goeth  down  Gutter- lane. 

Gutter-lane  (the  ri^ht  speUine  whereof  is  Gathnm-lane,  from  him  the 
onoe  owner  thereof)  is  a  small  lane  (inhabited  anciently  by  goldbeaters) 
leading  out  of  Chea^de,  east  of  Foster-lane.  The  provei-o  is  applied  to 
those  who  spend  all  in  drunkenness  and  gluttony,  mere  belly  gods ;  Gutter 
being  Latin  for  the  throat. 

Ab  lame  ati  St.  Giles's  Cripplegate. 

St.  Giles  was  by  birth  an  Athenian,  of  noble  extraction,  but  quitted  all 
for  n  soUtary  life.  He  was  visited  with  lameness  (whether  natural  or 
casual  I  know  not) ;  but  the  tradition  goos,  that  he  desired  not  to  be  healed 
thereof  for  his  grater  mortification.  Cripplegate  was  so  called  before  the 
Conquest,  from  cripples  begging  of  passengers  therein. 

This  proverb  may  seem  ^il^  of  lalae  heraldry,  lameness  on  lameness ; 
and,  in  common  discourse,  is  spoken,  rather  merrily  than  mournfully,  of 
such  who,  for  some  slight  hurt,  lag  behind ;  and  sometimes  is  appUed  to 
those  who,  out  of  laziness,  counterfeit  infirmity. 

You  are  all  for  the  hoistings  or  hustings. 

It  is  spoken  of  those,  who,  by  pride  or  passion,  are  elated  or  mounted 
to  a  pitcn  above  the  due  proportion  of  their  birth,  quidity  or  estate.  It 
eometh  from  Hustings,  the  principal  and  highest  court  in  London  (as  also 
in  Winchester,  Lincoln,  York,  &c.) ;  so  called  from  the  French  word  hauuerf 
to  raise  or  lilt  up. 

They  agree  like  the  clocks  of  London. 

I  find  this  among  both  the  French  and  Italian  proverbs  for  an  instance 
of  disagreement 

Who  eoes  to  Westminster  for  a  wife,  to  Paul's  for  a  man,  and 
to  Smithfield  for  a  horse,  may  meet  with  a  whore,  a  knave, 
and  a  jade. 

Gray's  Inn  for  walks,  Lincoln's  Inn  for  a  wall. 
The  Inner  Temple  for  a  garden,  and  the  Middle  for  a  hall. 

He  has  studied  at  Whittington's  College. 

That  18,  he  has  been  confined  in  Newgate,  which,  tm  Maitland,  was 
leboilt  &.D.  1423,  according  to  the  will  of  Sir  Richard  Whittington.  In 
Newsate  there  is  a  room  cafiod  Tangiers,  whence  a  debtor  confined  then 
isosUeda  Tsmgwim, 


216  fbovebbs. 

Westminbteb. 
There  is  no  redemption  from  Hell. 

There  is  a  place,  partly  imder  and  partly  by  the  Excheqaer  Chamber, 
oommonly  caUed  Hell  (I  could  wish  it  had  another  name,  seeing  it  is  ill 
jesting  with  edged  tools),  formerly  appointed  a  prison  for  the  Kings  debtoci^ 
who  neTer  were  fineed  from  thenoe  until  they  had  paid  their  utmost  due. 

Aa  long  as  Megg  of  Westminster. 

This  IS  applied  to  persons  rery  tall,  especially  if  they  ha:?B  hopple  height 
wantinff  breadth  proportionable.  That  there  erer  was  such  a  giant- woman 
cannot  oe  proved  l)y  any  good  witness ;  I  pass  not  for  a  late  lyinf  pam- 
phlet, entitled  '*  Story  of  a  monstrous  tall  vira^,  called  Long  Megg  ol 
Westminster ;"  the  writer  of  which  thinks  it  might  relate  to  a  great  gun 
lying  in  the  Tower,  called  Lon^  ^^fS8*  ^  troublesome  times  brought  to 
Westminster,  where  for  some  time  it  continued.  Fuller  says,  that  the 
larse  grave  stone  shewn  on  the  south  side  of  the  cloister  in  Westminster 
Aboey,  said  to  coyer  her  body,  was  placed  OTer  a  number  of  monks  who 
died  of  the  plague,  and  were  aU  buned  in  one  graye. 

NOBPOLK. 

Norfolk  dumplings. 

This  refers  not  to  the  stature  of  their  bodies,  but  to  the  fare  they  oom- 
monly  feed  on,  and  much  delight  in. 

A  Yarmouth  capon. 

That  is,  a  red  herring ;  more  herrings  being  taken  than  capons  bred  here. 
So  the  Italian  friars  (when  disposed  to  eat  fl«h  on  Fridays;  call  a  ci^mii 
piteem  k  eorU :  a  fish  out  of  the  coop. 

He  is  arrested  by  the  Bailiflf  of  MersMand. 

That  is,  clapped  on  the  back  by  an  ague,  which  is  incident  to  strangen 
at  first  coming  into  this  low,  fenny  and  unwholesome  country. 

(Hmmingham,  Trimmingham,  Knapton,  and  Trunch, 

North  Repps,  and  South  Bepps,  are  all  of  a  bunch. 
These  are  names  of  parishes  lying  close  together. 

lliere  never  was  a  Paston  poor,  a  Heyden  a  coward,  nor  a 

Comwallis  a  fool. 
You  cannot  spell  Yarmouth  steeple  right. 

Yarmouth  spire  bein^  crooked,  or  awry,  this  is  a  play  upon  the  word 
right.    This  saying  is  likewise  applied  to  Chesterfield  spire  in  Derbyshire. 

NOBTHAMPTOKBHIBS. 

The  Mayor  of  Northampton  opens  oysters  with  his  dagger. 

To  keep  them  at  a  sufildent  distance  from  his  nose.  For  this  town 
beine  eighty  miles  from  the  sea,  fish  may  well  be  presumed  stale  therein. 
Yet  naye  I  neard  (saith  the  Doctor)  that  oysters,  put  up  with  care,  and 
carried  in  the  cool,  were  weekly  brought  fresh  ana  gr)od  to  Althrop,  the 
house  of  the  Lord  Spencer,  at  equal  oistanoe :  and  it  is  no  wonder ;  for  I 
myidf  haye  eaten  in  Warwickshire,  aboye  eighty  miles  from  Londoa« 


PBOTEBBS.  217 

ojaten  sent  from  that  citj,  fresh  and  good ;  and  they  must  baTe  been 
earned  some  miles  before  they  came  there. 

He  that  would  eat  a  butter'd  faggot,  let  him  go  to  Northampton. 

I  hare  heard  that  Kins;  James  should  speak  this  of  Newmarket ;  but 
I  am  sure  it  may  better  Se  applied  to  this  town,  the  dearest  in  England 
for  fuel,  where  no  coals  can  come  by  water,  and  little  wood  doth  grow  on 
land. 

One  proTerb  there  is  of  this  county,  which  I  wonder  how  Dr.  Fuller, 
being  native  hereof,  could  miss,  unless  perchance  he  did  studiously  emit 
it,  as  reflecting  disgrace  on  a  market-town  therein. 

Brackley  breed,  better  to  hang  than  feed. 

Brackley  is  a  decayed  market-town  and  borough  in  Northamptonshire, 
not  far  fit>m  Banbury,  which  abounding  with  poor,  and  trouoling  the 
country  about  with  b^gars,  came  into  disgrace  with  its  neighbours.  I 
hear  that  now  this  place  is  grown  industrious  and  thriving,  and  endeaTOurs 
to  wipe  off  the  scandal. 

NOBTHUMBERLAITD. 

From  Berwick  to  Dover,  three  hundred  miles  over. 

That  is,  from  one  end  of  the  land  to  the  other,  parallel  to  that  Scrip- 
ture expression,  From  Dan  to  Beerslieba. 

To  take  Hector's  cloak. 

That  is,  to  deceive  a  friend,  who  confideth  in  his  faithfulness.  When 
Thomas  Percy,  Earl  of  Northumberland,  anno  1569,  was  routed  in  the 
rebellion  he  had  raised  against  Queen  Elizabeth,  he  hid  himself  in  the 
house  of  one  Hector  Armstrong,  of  Harlaw,  in  this  county,  having  confi- 
dence he  would  be  true  to  him,  who,  notwithstanding,  for  money,  betrayed 
him  to  the  regent  of  Scotland.  It  was  observable,  that  this  Hector  being 
before  a  rich  man,  fell  poor  of  a  sudden,  and  so  hated  generally,  that  he 
never  durst  go  abroad ;  insomuch,  that  the  proverb,  to  take  Hector's  cloak, 
is  continued  to  this  day  among  them  in  the  sense  above  mentioned. 

We  will  not  lose  a  Scot. 

That  is,  anything,  how  inconsiderable  soever,  that  we  can  save  or  re- 
cover. During  the  enmity  between  the  two  nations,  they  had  litUe  esteem 
of,  and  less  affection  for,  a  Scotchman  in  the  EngUsh  border. 

He  has  the  Newcastle  burr  in  his  throat. 
Canny  Newcastle. 
Canny,  in  the  northern  dialect,  means  fine,  neat,  handsome,  &c. 

A  Scottish  man  and  a  Newcastle  grindstone  travel  all  the 
world  over. 


kind. 

If  they  come,  they  come  not ;  and 
U  they  come  not,  the^  come. 
Tho  cattle  of  people  living  hereabout,  turned  into  the  common  pastmei 


218  YBOTEBBS. 

did  by  eaitom  vie  to  iHorn  to  their  home  at  night,  milen  interoepted  by 
tlic  frce-booten  and  borderers.  If,  therefore,  tfaoee  borderers  ctme,  thes 
eattle  ctmo  not :  If  they  came  not,  their  cattle  lurely  returned. 

NomVOHAMBHIRS. 

Aft  wiM  as  a  man  of  Gotham. 

It  pasieB  for  the  periphrasis  of  a  fool,  and  a  handled  fovperiee  are  feigned 
and  fathered  on  the  town's-folk  of  Gothun,  a  Tillage  in  tnu  county.  Here 
two  thinga  maT  be  obeenred. 

1.  Men  in  all  ages  have  made  themaelTea  menr  with  iingling  ont  some 
l^ace,  and  fixing  the  staple  of  stupidity  and  stolidity  therein.  So  the 
Phrr^lians  in  Ama,  the  Abderitie  in  Thraoe,  and  BiDotians  in  Greece,  irere 
notonous  for  dnlmen  and  blockheads. 

2.  These  places,  thus  slighted  and  scoffed  at,  afforded  some  as  wit^  and 
wise  persona  as  the  world  produced.  So  Democritos  was  an  Abderite, 
Plutarch  a  BcBotian,  &c.    Hence  Juvenal  well  concludes, 

Summoi  poue  viro$  et  moffna  txempla  daUtrot^ 
Verveeum  m  patria  crastoqm  tub  aire  muei. 
As  for  Gotham,  it  doth  breed  as  wise  ?^P^^  ^  '^J  which  causelessly 
lauffh  at  their  simplicity.  Sure  I  am,  Mr.  William  de  Gotham,  fifth  master 
of  Michael  House,  in  Cambridge,  1336,  and  twice  Chancellor  of  the  Uni- 
versity, was  as  grave  a  governor  as  that  age  did  afford.  Sapimtum  oetavm. 
llor. 

The  little  smith  of  Nottingham, 

Who  doth  the  work  that  no  man  can. 

Who  this  little  smith  and  great  workman  was,  ard  when  he  lived,  I 
know  not ;  and  have  cause  to  suspect,  that  this  of  Nottingham  is  a  peri- 
phrasis of  nemo,  ohriQ^  or  a  person  who  never  was.  By  way  of  sarcasm 
It  is  applied  to  such  who,  bemg  conceited  of  ther  own  skill,  pretend  u 
the  acoieving  of  impossibilities. 

OXFOKDSHISB. 

Yon  were  bom  at  Hogs-Norton. 

This  is  a  village  properly  called  Hoch-Nort?n,  whose  inhabitants  (it 
seems  formerly)  were  so  rustical  in  their  behaviour,  that  boorish  and  clown- 
ish people  are  said  to  be  bom  there.  But  whatever  the  people  were,  the 
name  was  enough  to  occasion  such  a  proverb. 

Like  Banbary  tinkers,  that  in  mending  one  hole  make  three. 

This  proverb  Bay  hath  given  to  Northamptonshire,  but  there  being  no 
place  called  Banbury  in  that  county,  it  is  conveyed  hither. 

To  take  a  Burford  bait. 

This,  it  seems,  is  a  bait  not  to  stay  the  stomach,  bat  to  loae  t>*e  w i* 
thereby,  as  resolved  at  last  into  drunkenness. 

Banbary  veal,  cheese  and  cakes. 

In  the  English  edition  of  Camden's  Britannia,  it  was,  through  the  eot 
rectoi's  mistake,  printed  Banbury  zeal,  &c.  vide  Autorem. 

Oxford  knives,  London  wives. 


pnoTssBS.  21 U 

Testons  are  gone  to  Oxford  to  study  in  Brazen -nose. 

This  began  about  the  end  of  the  rei^  of  Sinj^  Henry  the  Eighth,  at 
fach  time  aa  he  debased  the  coin,  alloying  of  it  with  copper  ^which  com* 
mon  people  confound  with  brosM).  it  continued  till  about  tiie  middle  ot 
Queen  Euzabeth,  who  by  degrees  called  ii  all  the  adulterated  coin.  Tm- 
loM  and  our  English  tester  come  from  tlie  Italian  testa,  signifying  a  head, 
became  that  money  was  stumped  with  a  head  on  one  side.  Copttiek,  in 
high  i:utch,  hath  the  same  sense;  i.  #.  Nummm  eapitatua;  money  with 
a  head  iqion  it. 

Send  Terdingales  to  Broad-eates,  in  Oxford. 
^  For  they  were  so  great,  that  the  wearers  could  not  enter  (except  going 
flidelongj)  at  any  ordmary  door.  Though  they  hare  been  long  disused  in 
EnelimGC  yet  the  fashion  of  them  is  wdl  enough  known.  They  are  used 
siiU  by  the  Spanish  women,  and  the  Italian  hying  under  the  Spanish  do- 
minion, and  they  call  them  by  a  name  signifying  cover-infant  {guardo' 
inftmUt),  because  they  were  first  brought  into  use  to  hide  great  bellies. 
Of  the  name  yerdingal  I  have  not  met  with  a  g^ood,  that  is,  true  etymolosy. 
Some,  obserres  Fuller,  **  deduce  the  name  from  the  Belgic  verdgard,  (de- 
rired,  they  say,  from  virg,  a  Tirgin,  and  fforder,  to  keep,  to  preserve,)  as 
used  to  secure  modesty,  and  keep  wantons  at  a  distance.  Others  more 
truly  fetch  it  from  vertu  and  ffalUy  because  the  scab  and  bane  thereof;  the 
first  inventress  thereof  being  known  for  a  light  housewife,  who,  under  the 
pretence  of  modesty,  sought  to  cover  her  shame,  and  the  frtdts  of  bar 
wantonness." 

BUTLAKSBHIIIB. 

DraytofC»  Polyolhion. 

Rutland  Raddleman. 

That  is,  perchance,  Reddlcman,  a  trade,  and  that  a  poor  one  only,  in 
this  count]r,  whence  men  bring  on  their  backs  a  pack  of  red  stones  or 
ochre,  which  they  sell  to  the  neighbouring  counties  for  the  marking  of 
sheep. 

Stretton  in  the  Street,  where  shrews  meet. 
An  Uppingham  trencher. 
This  town,  it  is  presumed,  was  once  famous  for  trencher  making. 

Shbopshibe. 
He  that  fetches  a  wife  from  Shrewsbury,  must  carry  her  into 

Staffordshire,  or  else  he  shall  live  in  Cumberland. 

The  staple  wit  of  this  vulgar  proverb,  consisting  solely  in  simiUtnde  of 
Bonnd,  is  scarce  worth  the  inserting. 

SOMEBSBTSHIBX. 

'Ch  was  bore  at  Taunton  Dean  ;  where  should  I  be  bore  else  ? 
That  is  a  parcel  of  ground  round  about  Taunton,  very  pleasant  and 
populous  (containing  many  parishes^,  and  so  fruitful,  to  use  their  own 
phrase,  with  the  stm  and  toil  alone,  tnat  it  needs  no  manuring  at  all.  The 
peasantry  therein  are  as  rude  as  rich,  aud  hi  highly  conceited  of  their  own 
country,  that  they  conceive  it  a  disparagement  to  be  bom  in  any  otue? 
plaoe. 


220  PB0VSRB8. 

The  beggars  of  Bath. 

Many  in  that  place ;  some  natiyes  there,  others  repairing  tUther  from 
all  parts  of  the  land ;  the  poor  for  alms,  the  pained  for  esse. 

Welliogton  round-heads. 
Proverbial  formerly  in  Taunton  for  a  violent  fimatic. 

Bristol  milk. 

That  is,  sherry*sack,  which  is  the  entertainment,  of  coarse,  which  the 
courteous  Bristolians  present  to  strangers,  when  first  visiting  their  city. 

As  old  as  Glastonbury  torre. 

The  torre,  t.  e,  the  Tower,  so  called  from  the  Latin  turrit,  stands  npou 
a  round  hill  in  the  midst  of  a  level,  and  may  he  seen  far  off.  It  seemed 
to  me  to  have  been  the  steeple  of  a  church  that  had  formerly  stood  upon 
that  hill,  though  now  scarcely  any  Testiges  of  it  remain. 

All  Ilchester  is  gaol. 
Intimating  that  Uie  people  of  the  town  are  as  hard-hearted  as  the  gaoler. 

Statfoboshibi. 

Camden^  $  Britannia,  in  this  County. 

In  April,  Dove's  flood 

Is  worth  a  king's  ^ood. 

Dove  is  a  river  partmg  this  and  Derbyshire,  which,  when  it  overflowa 
its  banks  in  April,  is  the  Niiua  of  Staffordshire,  much  battling  the  meadows 
thereof. 

Idem  ibid. 
Wotton  under  Weaver, 

Where  God  came  never. 

This  profime  proverb,  it  seems,  took  its  wicked  original  from  the  ritu 
ation  of^  Wotton,  covered  with  hills  from  the  light  of  the  sun ;  a  dismal 
place,  as  report  represents  it. 

The  devil  run  through  thee  booted  and  spurred  with  a  scythe 
on  his  back. 
This  is  Sedgely  curse.    Mr.  Sowel. 

Suffolk. 

Sufifolk  milk. 

This  was  one  of  the  staple  commoditiea  of  the  land  of  Canaan,  and  cei^ 
tainly  most  wholesome  for  man's  body,  because  of  God's  own  choosing  for 
his  own  people.  No  county  in  £ng:Iand  affords  better  and  sweeter  of  this 
kind,  lymg  opposite  to  Holland,  in  the  Netherlands,  where  is  the  best 
dairy  in  Christendom. 

Suffolk  fair  maids. 

It  seems  the  God  of  nature  hath  been  bountiful  in  giving  them  beauti- 
ful complexions ;  which  I  am  willing  to  believe,  so  far  forth  as  it  fixeth 
not  a  comparative  disparagement  on  the  same  sex  in  other  places. 

The  Suffolk  whine. 
The  inhabitants  of  all  counties  are  distinguished  for  some  peculiaritiei. 


PQOTXBBJl.  221 

The  inbabiUats  of  Suffolk,  speaking  in  a  whining  tone,  aze  thui  par- 
ticularized. 

You  are  m  the  high- way  to  Needham. 

Needham  is  a  market  town  in  this  county ;  according  to  the  wit  of  the 
Tulgar,  they  are  said  to  be  in  the  high-way  thither  which  do  hasten  to 
poTerty. 

Becclea  for  a  puritan,  Bungay  for  the  poor, 
Halesworth  for  a  drunkard,  and  Bilborough  for  a  whore. 

Between  Cowhithe  and  merry  Casaingland, 

The  de?il  ah — t  Benacre,  look  where  it  stands. 
It  seems  this  place  is  in£Eunous  for  its  bad  situation. 

Hunger  will  break  through  stone  walls,  or  any  thing,  except 

Suffolk  cheese. 

Suffolk  cheese,  from  its  poverty,  is  frequently  the  subject  of  much 
humour. 

SUBUET. 

The  Vale  of  Holms-dale 

Was  never  won,  never  shall. 

This  proverbial  rhyme  hath  one  part  of  history,  the  other  of  prophecy. 
As  the  first  is  certainly  untrue,  so  the  second  is  frivolous,  and  not  to  be 
heeded  by  sober  persons,  as  neither  any  other  of  the  like  nature. 

60  to  Battersea,  to  be  cut  for  the  simples. 

The  origin  of  this  proverb  being  forgotten,  people  not  over-burthened 
with  wit,  are  recommended  to  go  to  Uattersea  to  be  cut  for  the  simples. 
In  former  times  the  London  apothecaries  used  to  make  a  summer  excurdoa 
to  1  attersea,  to  see  the  medicmal  herbs,  called  simples,  cut  at  the  proper 
season,  which  the  market-gardeners  in  that  neighbourhood  were  dis- 
tinguished for  cultivating. 

Sutton  for  mutton,  Cashalton  for  beeves, 
Epsom  for  whores,  and  Ewel  for  thieves. 

Godalmin  rabbits. 

The  deception  practised  by  a  Mrs.  Tofts,  who  pretended  to  be  delivered 
of  rabbits,  rendered  the  inhabitants  subject  to  this  term  of  reproach. 
There  is  another  appellation  equally  obnoxious  to  the  towns-people,  viz. 
Godalmin  cats. 

Putney. 

According  to  vulgar  tradition,  says  Grose,  the  churches  of  Putney  and 
Fulham  were  built  by  two  sisters,  who  had  but  one  hammer  between  them, 
which  they  interchanged,  by  throwing  it  across  the  river,  on  a  word  agreed 
between  them :  those  on  the  Surrey  side  made  use  of  the  words,  lUi  ii 
niffh  I  those  on  the  opposite  shore,  Heave  it  full  home  !  whence  the  churehes, 
anid  from  them  the  villages,  were  called  Putnigh  and  Fulhome,  linoe  oor- 
n^Sed  to  Putney  and  Fulham. 


222  PROVERBS. 


Sussex. 

A  Chichester  lobster,  a  Selsey  cockle,  an  Aruudel  luoUet,  a 
Pulborough  eel,  an  Amberley  trout,  a  Rye  herring,  a  Bouru 
wheat-ear, 
Are  the  best  in  their  kind,  understand  it  of  those  that  are  taken  in  this 

eountry. 

Warwickshire. 

The  bear  wants  a  t^l,  and  cannot  be  lion. 

This  proverb  is  thus  explained  by  Fuller .  '*  Bobert  Dudley,  Earl  of 
Leicester,  derived  his  pedigree  from  the  ancient  Earls  of  Warwick,  on 
which  title  he  gave  their  crest,  the  bear  and  ragged  staff.  And  when  he 
was  governor  of  the  Low  Countries,  with  the  high  title  of  his  Excellency, 
disusing  his  own  coat  of  the  green  Uon,  with  two  tails,  he  signed  all  in- 
struments with  the  crest  of  the  boar  and  ragged  staff.  He  was  then  sus- 
pected by  many  of  his  jealous  adversaries,  to  hatch  an  ambitious  design  to 
make  himself  absolute  commander  (as  the  lion  is  king  of  beasts)  over  the 
1  <ow  Countries ;  whereupon  some  foes  to  his  faction,  and  friends  to  Dutch 
freedom,  wrote  under  his  crest,  set  up  in  public  places : 

Ursa  caret  eauda^  non  queat  esse  leo. 

The  bear  he  never  can  prevail 

To  lion  it,  for  want  of  tail. 
Nor  is  ursoj  in  the  feminine,  merely  placed  to  make  the  vein ;  but  because 
naturalists  observe  in  bears,  that  the  female  is  always  strongest" 

This  proverb  is  applied  to  such,  who,  not  content  with  their  condition, 
aspire  to  what  is  above  their  worth  to  deserve,  or  power  to  achieve. 

Westmorelaio). 

Let  Uter  Pendragon  do  what  he  can. 
The  river  Eden  will  run  as  it  ran. 

Parallel  to  that  Latin  verse, 

J^aturam  expeUasfured  lieet  usque  reeurret. 

Tradition  reporteth,  that  Uter  Pendragon  had  a  design  to  fortifr  the 
castle  of  Pendragon,  in  this  county.  In  order  whereto,  with  mucn  art 
and  industry,  he  invited  and  tempted  the  river  Eden  to  forsake  his  old 
channel,  but  all  to  no  purpose. 

As  crafty  as  a  Kendal  fox. 

Wiltshire. 

It  is  done  secundum  umm  Sarum, 

This  proverb  coining  out  of  the  church,  hath  since  enlarged  itself  into 
a  civil  use,  signifying  things  done  with  exactness,  according  to  rule  and 
precedent.  Osmund,  Bishop  of  Sarum,  about  the  year  1090,  made  that 
ordinal,  or  office,  which  ¥ras  generally  received  all  over  the  land,  so  that 
churches  thenceforward  easily  understood  one  another,  speaking  the  samd 
vords  in  their  liturgy. 


PR0TEBB8.  223 

Wiltshire  moon-raken. 

A  joke  upon  some  rustics  of  Wiltshire,  who  seeing  tae  tgoie  tf  th* 
moon,  attempted,  it  is  said,  to  rake  it  out  of  the  pond. 

Salisbury  Plain  is  seldom  without  a  thief  or  twain. 

W0BCS8TSS8HIBE. 

It  shall  be  done  when  the  king  cometh  to  Wogan. 
That  is,  never. 

You  may  as  well  sip  up  the  Severn,  and  swallow  Mavera. 
AppUea  to  persons  proposing  impossible  things. 

Y0BK8HIBS. 

From  Hell,  Hull,  and  Halifax, deliver  us. 

This  is  part  of  the  begears'  and  vagrants' litany.  Of  these  three  fright- 
ful thin^  unto  them,  it  is  to  be  feared,  that  they  least  fear  the  first,  con- 
eeiting  it  the  farthest  from  them.    Hull  is  terrible  to  them  as  a  town  of 

food  government,  where  beggars  meet  with  punitive  charity ;  and,  it  is  to 
e  feared,  are  oftener  corrected  than  amendea.  Halifax  is  formidable  for 
the  law  thereof,  whereby  thieves  taken  ^iravro^wp^,  in  the  very  act  of 
stealing  doth,  are  instantly  beheaded  with  an  engine,  without  any  fnrther 
legal  proceedings.  Doubtless,  the  coincidence  of  the  initial  letters  of 
these  tnree  woros  helped  much  the  setting  on  foot  this  proverb. 

A  Scarborough  warning. 

That  is,  none  at  all,  but  a  sudden  surprise  when  a  mischief  is  felt  be- 
fore it  is  suspected.  This  proverb  is  but  of  an  hundred  and  four  years 
standing,  taking  its  original  from  Thomas  Stafford,  who,  in  the  reign  of 
Queen  Mary,  anno  1657,  with  a  small  company,  seized  on  Scarborough 
CastLe  (utterly  destitute  of  provision  for  resistance)  before  the  townsmen 
had  the  bast  notice  of  his  approach.  However,  within  six  days,  by  the 
industry  of  the  Earl  of  Westmoreland,  he  was  taken,  brought  to  London, 
and  beheaded,  &c.     Vide  Fuller, 

As  true  steel  as  Rippon  rowels. 

It  is  said  of  trusty  persons,  men  of  metal,  Mthful  in  their  employments. 
Rippon,  in  this  county,  is  a  town  famous  for  the  best  spurs  of  Kngland, 
whose  rowels  may  be  enforced  to  strike  through  a  shilling,  and  will  break 
sooner  than  bow. 

A  Yorkshire  way-bit. 

That  is,  an  overplus  not  accounted  in  the  reckoning,  which  sometimes 
proves  as  much  as  all  the  rest.  Ask  a  countryman  how  many  miles  it  is 
to  such  a  town,  and  he  wiU  return  commonly,  so  many  miles  ana  a  way^bit. 
Which  way-bit  is  enough  to  make  the  weary  traveller  surfeit  of  the  length 
thereof.  But  it  is  not  way-bit,  though  generally  so  pronounced,  but  uwi- 
Htj  a  pure  Yorkshirism,  which  is  a  small  bit  in  tne  northern  language. 

Merry  Wakefield. 
What  peculiar  cause  of  mirth  this  town  hath  above  others,  I  do  cot 


224  FBOTEUBS. 

know,  and  dare  not  too  cnrioiuly  enquire.  Sure  it  ia  seated  in  a  ftintftil 
soil,  and  cheap  country ;  and,  where  good  cheer  and  company  are  1^ 
premises,  mirtn  (in  common  consequence)  will  be  the  conclusion. 

Pendle,  Ingleborough»  and  Penigent, 
Are  the  three  highest  hills  between  Scotland  and  Trent : 
And,  which  is  more  common  in  t^e  moutha  of  the  Tulgar, 

Pendle,  Penigent,  and  Ingleborough, 

Are  the  three  highest  hills  all  Eneland  thorough. 

These  three  hills  are  in  sight  of  each  ether ;  Pendle  on  the  edge  of 
Lancashire ;  Penigent,  and  Ini^eborough,  near  Settle,  in  Yorkshire,  and 
not  far  from  Westmoreland.  These  tnree  are  indeed  the  highest  hills  in 
England,  not  comprehending  Wales.  But  in  Wales  I  think  Snowdon, 
Caaeridns,  and  Pumllimmon  are  higher. 

When  Sheffield  Park  is  ploughed  and  sown. 

Then  little  England  hold  thine  own. 
It  hath  been  pbughed  and  sown  these  six  or  seyen  years. 

If  Brayton  bargh,  and  Hambleton  hough,  and  Burton  bream. 
Were  all  in  thy  belly,  it  would  never  be  team. 

It  is  spoken  of  a  covetous  and  insatiable  person,  whom  nothing  win 
content.  Drayton,  Hambleton,  and  Hurton,  are  places  between  Cuwood 
and  Pontefract,  in  this  county.  Bra^n  Bai^h  is  a  small  hill  in  a  plain 
country  covered  with  wood.  Barghy  in  the  Iu>rthem  dialect,  is  properly  a 
horse- way  up  a  steep  hill ;  though  here  it  be  taken  for  the  hill  itsdi. 

MThen  Dighton  is  pulled  down, 
Hull  shall  become  a  great  town. 

This  is  rather  a  prophecy  than  a  proverb.  Dighton  is  a  small  town, 
not  a  mile  distant  m>m  Hull,  and  was  in  the  time  of  the  late  wars  for  the 
most  part  pulled  down.    Let  Hull  make  the  best  they  can  of  it. 

When  Bosebeny  Toppinge  wears  a  cappe. 
Let  Cleveland  then  beware  of  clap. 

Cleveland  in  the  clay. 

Bring  in  two  soles  and  carry  one  away. 

Cleveland  is  that  part  of  Yorkshire  which  borders  upon  the  Bishopris 
of  Durham,  where  the  ways  in  winter  time  are  very  foul  and  deep. 

You  have  eaten  some  Hull  cheeRC. 
f.  «.  Are  drunk.    Hull  is  famous  for  strong  ale. 

When  all  the  world  shall  be  aloft, 
Then  Hallam- shire  shall  be  God*s  croft. 

Winkabauk  and  Temple-brough 

Will  buy  all  England  through  and  through. 

Winkabank  is  a  wood  upon  a  hill  near  Sheffield,  where  there  are  some 
remainders  of  an  old  camp.  Temple-brough  stands  between  the  Bother 
and  the  Don,  about  a  quarter  of  a  mile  from  the  place  where  these  twc 


FBOTBEBB  225 

r*Ten  meet.  It  u  a  aqimre  plat  ot  grounci,  encompaned  by  two  trenches 
Seidell  often  enquired  for  the  ruins  of  a  temple  of  the  god  Thor,  which 
he  said  was  near  Botherham.  This  probably  might  be  it,  if  we  allow  the 
name  for  any  argoment :  besides,  there  is  a  pool  not  far  from  it  called  Jorm 
dotirdamy  which  name  seems  to  be  eompoonded  of  Jor,  one  of  the  names 
of  the  god  Thor,  and  Don,  the  name  of^the  iiTer. 

Shake  a  bridle  over  a  Yorkshire  man's  gravCj  and  he  will  arise 
and  steal  a  horse. 
Yorkshiremen  are  particnlarly  fond  of  horses. 

MISCELLANEOUS  LOCAL  PBOYERBS. 

John  Bull. 

A  name  oommonlj  used  to  signify  an  Englishman,  adopted  from  Swift's 
ludicrous  History  or  Eurone,  under  which  appellation  the  people  of  Eng- 
bmd  are  therein  personifieo. 

Dunmow  bacon,  and  Doncaster  daggers, 

Monmouth  caps,  and  Lemster  wool, 

IXerby  ale,  and  London  beer. 

There  is  a  current  story,  that  the  prior  and  oonyent  of  Dunmow  were 
obliged,  by  their  charter,  to  give  a  flitch  of  bacon  to  any  man,  who,  coming 
with  his  wife,  should  depose  both  of  them,  that  tiiey  had  been  married 
a  twebe-month,  and  neither  of  them  had  at  any  time  repented. 

Neust  of  a  neustness. 

i.  9.  Almost  the  same.  An  eipresdon  Tery  ooirent  in  Berkdiire,  about 
Binfleld. 

Little  England  beyond  Wales. 
i,  9.  Pembrokeshire. 

Little  London  beyond  Wales. 

t.  9,  Beaumaris,  in  the  Isle  of  Anglesey ;  both  so  called,  because  the  in- 
habitants speak  good  English:  inaeed,  in  Pembrokeshire  many  of  the 
people  can  speak  no  Wekh. 

There's  great  doings  in  the  North  when  they  bar  their  doors 

with  tailors. 
There's  great  stirring  in  the  North  when  old  wives  ride  scout. 
Three  great  evils  come  out  of  the  North ;    a  cold  wind,  a 

canning  knave,  and  a  shrinking  cloth. 
Rynt  you,  witch,  quoth  Besse  Locket  to  her  mother.     ChMh, 
Down  came  Tit,  and  away  tumbled  she  arsy-varsy.  Derhyshire. 
No  more  sib  [a-kin]  than  sieve  and  riddle,  that  grew  both  in 

a  wood  together.     Chsihwe, 


225  SCOTTISH  FBOTXBBS. 


SCOTTISH  PK0YBRB8. 

A. 

Abukbakcb  o*  law  braks  nae  law. 

A  brade  bouse  never  skaiFd. 

A  dog  winna  yowl  if  ye  fell  him  wi*  a  bane. 

A  drink  is  sborter  than  a  tale.   %  « 

A  dry  sammer  ne'er  made  a  dear  'peck. 

A  dumb  man  wins  nae  law. 

Ae  bird  i'  the  hand  is  worth  ten  fleeinff. 

Ae  ba*f  o'  the  warld  kens  na  how  the  ither  ha'f  bvefr. 

Ae  hand  winna  wash  the  ither  for  nought. 

Ae  hour*8  cauld  will  suck  out  seyen  years'  heat. 

Aft  countiug  keeps  freends  lang  thegither. 

Aft  times  the  cautioner  pays  the  debt. 

A  fu'  purse  never  lacks  freends. 

A  gude  tale  is  na  the  war  to  be  twice  tald. 

A  gude  name  is  sooner  tint  than  won. 

A  gude  fallow  is  a  costly  name. 

A  handfu'  o'  trade  is  worth  a  gowpen  o'  gowd. 

A  hungry  man's  ay  angry. 

A  lass  that  has  mony  wooers  aft  wails  the  warst. 

Ale  sellers  shou'd  na  be  tale  tellers. 

A  light  purse  makes  a  heavy  heart. 

A'  Stuarts  are  na  sib  to  the  king. 

A'  things  are  gude  untry'd. 

A  man  canna  bear  a'  his  ain  kin  on  his  back. 

A  man  at  five  may  be  a  fool  at  fifteen. 

A  man  may  be  kind,  an'  gie  little  o'  his  gear. 

A  man  is  weel  or  wae,  as  he  thinks  himsel  sae. 

A  man  has  nae  mair  gndes  than  he  gets  gude  o^« 

A  misty  morning  may  be  a  clear  day. 

A  mouthfu'  o'  meat  may  be  a  townfn'  o'  shame. 

An  auld  mason  makes  a  gude  barrow-man. 

An  ill  plea  shou'd  be  weel  pled. 

An  ill  turn  is  soon  done. 

Ane  never  tines  by  doing  gude. 

Ane  may  bind  a  sack  before  it  be  fa*. 

Ane  is  na  sae  soon  heal'd  as  hurt. 


8C0TTIBH  PB0TBBB8.  297 

Ane  gets  sma*  thanks  for  tining  his  ain. 

Ane  will  gar  a  hundred  lie. 

A  nod  o'  an  honest  man  is  enough. 

A  rowing  stane  gathers  nae  fog. 

As  broken  a  ship  has  come  to  land. 

As  ready  as  the  king  has  an  egg  in  his  pouch. 

As  tired  as  a  tike  is  o'  lang  kui. 

As  ye  mak'  your  bed  sae  ye  maun  ly  down. 

A  sillerless  man  gangs  fast  lAirough  the  market. 

A  sorrowfu'  heart's  ay  dry. 

A  taking  hand  will  never  want. 

A  tale  never  tines  in  the  telling. 

A  tocherless  dame  sits  lang  at  hame. 

A  toom  pantry  maks  a  thriftless  gude-wife, 

A  turn  weel  done  is  soon  done. 

A  wee  bush  is  better  than  nae  bield. 

A  wee  mouse  can  creep  under  a  great  com  stack. 

A  wee  house  has  a  wide  mou'. 

A  wee  thing  fleys  cowards. 

A  wilfu'  man  shou'd  be  unco  wise. 

Auld  sparrows  are  ill  to  tame. 

Auld  springs  gie  nae  price. 

A'  things  hae  a  beginning. 

A  slothfu'  man  is  a  beggar's  brither. 

A  vaunter  an*  a  liar  are  baith  ae  thing. 

A*  is  na  tint  that's  in  peril. 

A'  is  na  in  hand  that  helps. 

A  toom  purse  maks  a  blate  merchant. 

As  lang  runs  the  fox  as  he  has  feet. 

A  hasty  man  ne'er  wanted  wae. 

A  wight  man  ne'er  wanted  a  weapon. 

A  gi'en  horse  shou'd  na  be  looket  i'  the  mou*. 

A  gude  asker  shou'd  hae  a  gude  nay-say. 

A  dear  ship  stands  lang  i'  the  haven. 

An  evleit  mither  maks  a  sweer  daughter. 

A  rackless  hussie  maks  mony  thieves. 

A  black  shoe  maks  a  blyth  heart. 

A  hungry  man  sees  far. 

A  silly  bairn  is  eith  to  lear. 

A  bawbee  cat  may  look  at  a  king. 

A  greedy  man  God  hates 

Q  2 


228  8COTTI8H  FB0TSBB8. 

A  proud  heart  in  a  poor  breast  has  meikle  douloor  to  diM. 

A  Bca'd  man's  head  is  soon  broken. 

Ae  scabbed  sheep  fVles  a'  the  flock. 

A  bamt  bairn  flre  cLreads. 

Auld  men  are  twice  bairns. 

A  tattler  is  war  than  a  thief. 

A  borrowed  len  shoa*d  gang  laughing  hame* 

A  biyth  heart  maks  a  blooming  visage. 

Ae  year  a  nurse,  seven  years  a  daw. 

A'  the  keys  of  the  country  hang  na  at  ae  belt. 

As  mony  heads,  as  mony  wits. 

As  the  auld  cock  craws  the  young  cock  learns. 

A  meik  mirrour  is  a  man's  mind. 

As  meikle  upwith,  as  meikle  downwith. 

An  ill  shearer  ne'er  gat  a  gude  hook. 

A  tarrowing  bairn  was  never  fat 

A  gude  cow  may  hae  an  ill  ca'f. 

A  cock  is  crouse  on  his  ain  midden. 

A  new  besom  sweeps  clean. 

As  sair  fight  wrans  as  crans. 

A  yeeld  sow  was  ne'er  gude  to  grices. 

As  the  carl  riches  he  wretches. 

A  fool  when  he  has  spaken  has  a'  done. 

An  auld  sack  craves  meikle  clouting. 

An  auld  sack  is  ay  skailing. 

A  fair  fire  maks  a  room  flet. 

An  auld  knave  is  nae  bairn. 

A  gude  yeoman  maks  a  gude  woman. 

A  man  may  speir  the  gate  to  Rome. 

A*  wa*d  hae  a',  a'  wa'd  forgie. 

A  blate  cat  maks  a  proud  mouse. 

As  lang  lives  the  merry  man  as  the  wretch,  for  a'  the  craft  he 

can. 
Ane  may  lead  a  horse  to  the  water,  but  four  an'  twenty  canna 

gar  him  dnnk. 
An  illy-willy  cow  shou'd  hae  short  horns. 
A  gude  piece  steel  is  worth  a  penny. 
An  unhappy  man's  cart  is  eith  to  tumble. 
An  aul(l  hound  bites  sicker. 

A  fair  bride  is  soon  buskit,  an'  a  short  horse  soon  wispit. 
As  gude  baud  as  draw. 


BCOTTIBH  PB0TZBB8*  229 

A  man  that  is  warned  is  ha'f  anned. 

A  ill  wan  penny  will  cast  down  a  pound. 

A'  the  corn  i'  the  country  is  na  shorn  by  kempers. 

Ae  beggar  is  wae  that  anither  by  the  gate  gae. 

A  trayelled  man  hath  leave  to  lie. 

Ae  ill  word  meets  anither,  an'  it  were  at  the  brig  of  London. 

A  hungry  louse  bites  sair. 

A  gende  horse  should  na  be  o'er  sair  spurred. 

A  fireend's  dinner  is  soon  dight. 

An  ill  cook  shou'd  hae  a  gude  cleaver. 

A  gude  fallow  tint  never  but  an  ill  fallow's  hand. 

At  open  doors  dogs  come  in. 

Ae  word  afore  is  worth  twa  a-hent 

A  still  sow  eats  a'  the  draff. 

A  dumb  man  hands  a'. 

A'  fails  that  fools  think. 

As  the  sow  fills  the  draff  soun* 

A  leil  heart  lied  never. 

As  gude  merchant  tines  as  wins. 

A'  the  speed  is  i*  the  spurs. 

As  sair  greets  the  bairn  that  is  dung  after  noon^  as  he  that  w 

duns  afore  noon. 
An  ill  life,  an  ill  end. 
Anes  wood  never  wise,  ay  the  war. 
Anes  payit  never  cravit. 
A  great  rooser  was  ne*er  a  gude  rider. 
A  short  tree  stands  lang. 

A  fool  winna  gie  his  bauble  for  the  Tower  o'  London. 
X  mitten' d  cat  ne'er  was  a  gude  hunter. 
A  gangan  fit  is  ay  getting,  an'  it  were  but  a  thorn. 
Ae  swallow  maks  nae  summer. 
A  man  may  spit  in  his  loof,  an'  do  little. 
An  ill  servant  will  ne'er  be  a  gude  master. 
An  hired  horse  tired  never. 
A'  the  winning  is  i'  the  first  buying. 
AHke  ilka  day  maks  a  clout  on  Sunday. 
A  horse  may  snapper  on  four  feet. 
A'  things  wyte  that  na  weel  fares. 
A'  things  thrive  but  thrice. 
A  Scots  mist  will  weet  an  Englishman  to  tint  akiB. 
Auld  sin,  new  shame. 


230  SCOTTISH  PB0T£KB8. 

A  man  canna  thriye  except  his  wife  let  him. 

A  bairn  maan  creep  ere  it  gang. 

As  lang  as  ye  serve  the  tod  ye  maun  bear  up  hn  tail. 

A'  o'ers  are  ill,  but  o'er  the  water  an'  o'er  the  hill. 

A  man  may  woo  whar  he  will,  but  wed  whar  he  is  wierd. 

A  mein  pat  plaid  never  even. 

Amangst  twenty-foor  fools  no  ae  wise  man. 

Ae  man's  meat  is  anither  man's  poison. 

A  foul  fit  maks  a  fa'  wame. 

A  man  iB  a  lion  in  his  ain  cause. 

A  hearty  hand  to  gie  a  hungry  melteth. 

A  cumbersome  cur  in  company  is  hati»<^  A)r  his  miscarrriage. 

A  poor  man  is  fain  o'  little. 

An  answer  is  a  word. 

A  beltless  bum  canna  He. 

A  Yule  feast  may  be  done  at  Pasch. 

A  gude  dog  never  barkitboutabane. 

A  f  u'  sack  will  tak  a  clout  o'  the  side. 

An  ill  hound  comes  halting  hame. 

A'  thing  helps,  quo'  the  wran  when  she  pisht  i'  the  sea. 

A'  cracks,  a*  bears. 

A  boundless  man  comes  to  the  best  hunting. 

A'  things  hae  an  end,  an*  a  puding  has  twa. 

As  gude  bauds  the  stirrup  as  he  that  loups  on. 

A  Scotsman  is  ay  wise  a-hent  the  hand. 

A  new  tout  in  an  auld  horn. 

As  the  fool  thinks  the  bell  clinks. 

A  man  may  see  his  freend  need,  but  winna  see  him  bleed- 

A  freend  is  na  known  but  in  need. 

A'  things  are  ^de  onsay'd. 

A  good  goose  indeed,  but  she  has  an  ill  gaislin. 

A*  are  na  maidens  that  wear  bare  hair. 

A  mach  an'  a  horse-shoe  are  baith  alike. 

Airly  crooks  the  tree  that  gude  cammock  should  be. 

Ae  ounce  o'  mither-wit  is  worth  a  pound  o'  clergy. 

An  inch  o'  a  nag  is  worth  a  span  o  an  aver. 

A  gude  word  is  as  soon  said  as  an  ill. 

A  spoonfu'  o'  skitter  will  spoil  a  patfu'  o'  skink. 

B. 
Baei  gentry,  braggand  beggars. 


BOOmBH  PBOTXBBS.  2iil 

Be  a  freend  to  yoursely  an'  ithera  will. 

Be  lang  sick,  that  ye  may  be  soon  hale. 

By  guess,  as  the  blind  man  fell*d  the  dog. 

Better  a  bit  i'  the  morning  than  fast  a'  day. 

Better  a  de'il  than  a  daw. 

Better  a  finger  aff  than  wagging. 

Better  an  aold  maiden  than  a  young  whore. 

Better  a  toom  house  than  an  ill  tenant. 

Better  buy  than  borrow. 

Better  find  iron  than  tine  siller. 

Better  baud  by  a  hair  than  draw  wi'  a  tether. 

Better  hand  loose  than  in  an  ill  tethering. 

Better  kiss  a  knave  than  cast  out  wi'  him. 

Better  keep  weel  than  mak  weel. 

Better  lang  something  than  soon  naething. 

Better  leave  to  my  faes  than  beg  frae  my  freends. 

Better  skaith  sav'd  than  mends  made. 

Better  sma'  fish  than  nae  fish. 

Better  the  ill  ken'd  than  the  gude  unken'd. 

Better  wait  on  the  cook  than  the  doctor. 

Better  wear  shoon  than  sheets. 

Birth's  gude,  but  breeding's  better. 

Blood's  thicker  than  water. 

Better  sit  idle  than  work  for  nought. 

Better  learn  by  your  neeghbour's  skaith  than  by  your  ain 

Better  ha'f  an  egg  than  toom  doup. 

Better  apple  gien  nor  eaten. 

Better  a  dog  fiiwn  nor  bark  at  yon. 

Boden  gear  stinks. 

Bourd  neither  wi'  me  nor  wi'  my  honour. 

Buy  when  I  bid  you. 

Better  late  thrive  than  never. 

Better  gie  nor  tak. 

Better  bid  the  cooks  nor  the  mediciners. 

Better  saught  wi'  little  anght  nor  care  wi'  mony  a  cow. 

Bring  a  cow  to  the  ha'  an'  she'll  rin  to  the  byre. 

Bear  wealth,  poverty  will  bear  itself. 

Better  gude  sale  nor  gude  ale. 

Better  woo  o'er  midden  nor  o'er  moss. 

Blaw  the  wind  ne'er  so  fast  it  will  lown  at  the  biat 

Bind  fiuty  find  fast. 


232  BOOTTIBH  PBOVSBBa. 

Better  aold  debts  nor  auld  sain. 

Better  a  fool  in  hand  nor  twa  flying. 

Better  spare  at  the  brierd  nor  at  the  battaio. 

Bind  the  sack  ere  it  be  fu*. 

Better  be  weel  luved  nor  ill  wan  geir. 

Better  rew  sit  nor  rew  flit. 

Bourd  na  wi'  bawty,  fear  lest  he  bite  ye. 

Better  say  here  it  is  nor  here  it  was. 

Better  plays  a  fu'  wame  nor  a  new  coat. 

Better  be  happy  nor  wise. 

Better  happy  to  court  nor  to  gude  serrice. 

Better  ae  wit  coft  nor  twa  for  nought. 

Better  bow  nor  brak. 

Better  twa  skaiths  nor  ae  sorrow. 

Better  bairns  greet  nor  bearded  men. 

Betwixt  twa  stools  the  doup  fa's  down. 

Better  nae  ring  nor  a  ring  o'  a  rash. 

Better  hold  out  nor  put  out. 

Better  sit  still  nor  rise  an'  get  a  fa'. 

Better  leave  nor  want. 

Better  a  little  fire  that  warms,  nor  a  meikle  thai  baros. 

Be  the  same  thing  that  ye  wa'd  be  ca'd. 

Beauty  but  bounty  ayaila  nought. 

Beware  of»  Had  I  wist. 

Better  be  alane  nor  in  ill  company. 

Better  a  begging  mither  nor  a  ricUng  father. 

Better  spared  than  ill  spent. 

Before  I  wein,  an'  now  I  wat. 

Bonny  siller  is  soon  spent 

Better  ne'er  hae  begun  nor  ne'er  end  it. 

Biting  an'  scarting  is  Scots  fowk's  wooing. 

Bread's  house  skiuld  never. 

Bairn's  mither  burst  never. 

Bannocks  are  better  nor  nae  kind  o'  bread. 

Better  a  laying  hen  nor  a  lym  crown. 

Better  be  dead  as  out  o*  fashion. 

Better  hae  a  mouse  i'  the  pat  as  nae  flesh. 

Butter  an'  bum  trouts  gar  maidens  force  the  wind* 

Better  a  clout  nor  a  hole  out. 

C. 
Comb  nnca'd  sits  unsery'd* 


B00TTI8H  FBOTXBBS.  233 

Gomes  to  my  hand  like  the  bow  o'  a  pint  stor.p. 

Come  wi*  the  wind,  an'  gae  wi'  the  water. 

Confeaa  debt,  an'  crave  days. 

Com  him  weel,  hell  work  the  better. 

Count  again  is  na  forbidden. 

Count  liUce  Jews,  an'  gree  like  brethren. 

Counsel  is  nae  command. 

Credit  keeps  the  crown  o'  the  causeway. 

Credit  is  better  than  ill  won  gear. 

Crooked  carlin,  quo'  the  cripple  to  his  wife. 

Court  to  the  town  an'  whore  to  the  window. 

Cadgers  are  ay  cracking  o'  crooksadles. 

Changes  o'  warks  are  lightening  o'  hearts. 

Charge  your  freend  ere  you  hae  need. 

Cats  eat  what  hussies  spare. 

Cast  na  out  the  auld  water  till  the  new  come  in. 

Cast  a  bane  in  the  de'il^s  teeth. 

Crabbit  was,  an'  cause  had. 

Charity  begins  at  hame. 

Come  na  to  the  counsel  unca'd. 

Conditions  mak,  an'  conditions  brak. 

Count  siller  after  a'  your  kin. 

Cauld  cools  the  luve  that  kindles  o'er  hat. 

Cease  your  snaw-baws  casting. 

Come  it  ear',  come  it  late,  in  May  comes  the  cowquako* 

Courtesie  is  cumbersome  to  them  that  ken  it  not. 

Chalk  is  na  sheers. 

Clap  a  carl  on  the  culls,  an'  he^ll  sh — t  i'  your  loof. 

D. 

Dajcmino  an'  laving  is  gude  sure  fishing. 

Daughters  an'  dead  fish  are  nae  keeping  ware. 

Dauted  bairns  bear  little. 

Daylight  will  peep  through  a  sn&a'  hole. 

Death  defies  the  doctor. 

Do  weel,  an'  dread  nae  shame. 

Do  what  ye  ought,  an'  come  what  will. 

Do  as  the  lasses  do,  say  na,  an'  tak  it. 

Double  drinks  are  gude  for  drouth. 

Double  charges  rive  cannons. 

Diink  little,  that  ye  may  drink  laug. 


234  SCOTTISH  PBOVlRBt. 

Dree  oat  the  inch  irhen  ye  hse  thol'd  the  qMUu 

Do  in  hill  as  ye  wa*d  do  in  ha*. 

Do  as  ye  wa^d  be  done  to. 

Do  weel*  and  hae  ireeL 

Dame  deim  warily. 

Death  an'  marriage  mak  term-day. 

Draff  is  gnde  enough  for  swine. 

Do  Uie  l&eliesty  an'  God  will  do  the  best. 

Dead  men  bite  na. 

Daffing  does  naething. 

Dogs  will  redd  swine. 

Dirt  parts  gnde  company. 

Drink  an'  drooght  come  seenil  thegither. 

Dninken  wife  gat  ay  the  drunken  penny. 

Do  weel,  an'  doubt  nae  man ;  do  ill,  an'  doubt  a'  men. 

Death  at  the  tae  door»  an'  heirship  at  the  titheri 

Dummie  canna  lie. 

E. 

Eaolxs  catch  nae  flees. 

Eating  an'  drinking  want  but  a  beginnin. 

Either  live  or  die  wi'  honour. 

Every  man  wears  his  belt  his  ain  gate. 

Every  man's  tale  is  gude  till  anither^s  be  tanld. 

Every  man  has  his  ain  draff  pock. 

Early  master^  lang  knave. 

Eaten  meat  is  gude  to  pay. 

Eild  wa'd  hae  honour. 

Eeninff  orts  is  gude  morning  fodder. 

Every  land  has  its  laugh,  an'  every  com  has  its  caff. 

Every  man  wishes  the  water  to  his  ain  mill. 

Every  man  can  rule  an  ill  wife  but  he  that  has  her. 

Eat  an'  drink  measurely,  an'  defy  the  medidners. 

Every  man  for  himsel,  quo'  the  Martin. 

Every  man  flams  the  fat  bow's  a — . 

Experience  may  teach  fools. 

Every  man  wats  best  whar  his  ain  shoe  binds  liirn. 

Eat  weel's  drink  weel's  brother. 

Either  win  the  horse  or  tine  the  sadle. 

Every  man  at  forty  is  a  fool  or  a  physician. 


SCOTTISH  FB0TSRB8.  235 

F. 

Fai5t  heart  ne'er  wan  fair  lady. 

Fair  words  winna  gar  the  pat  play« 

Fair  hair  may  hae  foul  roots. 

Fanqr  kiUs  and  cores. 

Fancy  flees  afore  the  wind. 

Far  a-hent  that  may  na  follow. 

Feckless  fowk  are  ay  fain  o'  ane  anither. 

Fleas  an'  a  giming  wife  are  wakerife  bedfallo^s. 

Fleying  a  bird  is  na  the  gate  to  erip  it. 

Fools  shou'd  na  see  wark  that's  ha'f  done. 

For  fashion's  sake,  as  dogs  gang  to  the  market. 

Forbid  a  fool  a  thing,  an'  t^t  he'll  do. 

Freendship  canna  stand  ay  on  ae  side. 

Fresh  fish  an*  poor  freends  grow  soon  ill-faur^d. 

Frost  an'  fa'shood  hae  baith  a  dirty  wa'gang. 

Far  fouls  hae  fair  feathers* 

Fair  heights  mak  fools  fain. 

Fools  are  fain  o'  flitting. 

Fa'shood  made  ne^er  a  fair  hinder-end. 

Freedom  is  a  fair  thing. 

For  a  tint  thing  care  na. 

Fool's  haste  is  nae  speed. 

Fools  set  far  trysts. 

For  love  o'  the  nurse  mony  ane  kisses  the  baim* 

Folly  is  a  bonny  dog. 

Fair  words  brok  never  bane,  foul  words  mony 

Fool  water  slokens  fire* 

Far  sought  and  dear  bought  is  gude  for  ladies. 

For  faut  o'  wise  men  fools  sit  on  binks. 

FooLi  are  fain  o'  right  nought. 

Fools  shou'd  na  hae  chappmg-sticks. 

Few  words  sufficeth  to  a  wise  man. 

Fire  is  gude  for  the  fersie. 

Fiddlers'  dogs  an'  flees  come  to  a  feast  uuea'd* 

Fill  fii'  an'  baud  fn'  maks  a  stork  man. 

0. 

GsAB  is  easier  gain'd  than  guided. 
Gentle  paddocks  hae  lang  taes. 


236  SCOTTISH  PBOTSSBS. 

Gie  a  dog  an  ill  name  an'  he'll  soon  be  hang^dl. 

Gie  a  man  lack,  an'  fling  him  i'  the  sea. 

Gie  o*er  when  the  play's  gude. 

Gie  them  tow  enough  an'  they'll  hang  themssta* 

Glasses  an*  lasses  are  bmekle  ware. 

Gude  bairns  get  broken  brows. 

Gude  fowk  are  scarce,  tak  care  o'  ane. 

Gude  watch  prevents  harm. 

Gude  ware  maks  a  quick  market. 

Gowd  may  be  dear  coft. 

Great  barkers  are  nae  biters. 

Greedy  fowk  hae  lang  arms. 

Gut  nae  fish  till  ye  get  them* 

Grace  is  best  for  the  man. 

Giff-gaff  maks  good  freends.    Mmui  mamtm/ricai. 

Gude  wine  needs  na  a  wisp. 

Gude  cheer  an'  gude  cheap  gars  mony  haunt  the  hoiiav. 

God  sends  men  claith  as  they  hae  cauld  to. 

God's  help  is  nearer  nor  the  fair  even. 

Gie  ne'er  the  wolf  the  wedder  to  keep. 

Gude-will  shou'd  be  ta*en  in  part  o'  payment. 

God  sent  never  the  mouth  but  the  meat  wi'  it. 

Girn  when  ye  knit,  an*  laugh  when  ye  loose. 

Gae  to  the  de'il  an'  bishop  you. 

God  sends  meat  an'  the  de'U  sends  cooks. 

Gae  to  the  de'il  for  his  name  sake. 

Gae  shoe  the  geese. 

H. 

HLxm  a  hank  i'  your  ain  hand. 

Handle  the  puding  while  it's  hat. 

Hang  hunger  an'  drown  drouth. 

Hae  ye  gear,  hae  ye  nane,  tine  heart,  an'  a's  g&oa. 

He  comes  aftner  wi'  the  rake  than  the  shool. 

He  cares  na  whase  bairn  greet  if  his  laugh. 

He  does  na  ay  ride  when  he  sadles  his  horse. 

He  fells  twa  dogs  wi'  ae  stane. 

He  gat  his  kail  in  a  riven  dish. 

He  has  gotten  the  boot  an'  the  better  beast. 

He  has  come  to  gude  by  misguiding. 

He  has  an  ee  in  his  neck. 


fCOTTISH  PBOTXSBS.  237 

He  has  a  bee  in  his  bonnet  lug. 

He  has  gotten  a  bite  on  his  ain  bridle. 

He  has  the  best  end  o'  the  string. 

He  has't  o'  kind,  he  coft  it  na. 

He  has  feather'd  his  nest,  he  may  flee  when  he  likdJ. 

He  has  cowped  the  meikle  dish  into  the  little. 

He  has  gotten  the  whip  hand  o*  him. 

He  has  hcket  the  butter  aff  my  bread. 

He  has  a  crap  for  a'  com. 

He  kens  whilk  side  his  cake  is  butter*d  on. 

He'll  gie  you  the  whistle  o'  your  groat. 

He'll  tel't  to  nae  mae  than  he  meets. 

He'll  mak  an  ill  rinner  that  cauna  gang. 

He'll  wag  as  the  bush  wags. 

He'll  soon  be  a  beggar  that  canna  say  na. 

He  maun  be  soon  up  that  cheats  the  tod. 

He  made  a  moon-light  flitting. 

He  may  find  fault  Uiat  canna  mend. 

He's  gane  to  the  dog-drive. 

He's  auld  an'  cauld,  an*  ill  to  lie  beside. 

He*s  wise  that's  timely  wary. 

He's  a  hawk  o'  a  right  nest. 

He*s  a  silly  chiel  that  can  neither  do  nor  say. 

He*s  the  gear  that  winna  traik. 

He's  like  the  singet  cat,  better  than  he's  bkely. 

He  that  cheats  me  anes,  shame  fa'  him  ;  if  he  cheats  me  twio^ 

shame  fa'  me. 
He  that  clatters  to  himsel  tanks  to  a  fool. 
He  that  canna  mak  sport  shou'd  mar  nane. 
He  that  does  yon  an  ill  turn  will  ne'er  forgie  yon. 
He  that  deals  in  dirt  has  ay  foul  fingers. 
He  that  gets  forgets,  but  he  that  wants  thinks  on. 
He  that  has  a  gude  crap  may  thole  some  thistles. 
He  that  has  meikle  wa*d  ay  hae  mair. 
He  that  has  but  ae  ee  mann  tent  that  weel. 
He  that  has  a  meikle  nose  thinks  ilk  ane  speaks  o'U 
He  that's  ill  to  himsel  will  be  gude  to  nae  body. 
He  that  lends  his  pat  may  seethe  his  kail  in  his  loof. 
He  that  laughs  at  his  ain  joke  s{>oils  the  sport  o*t. 
He  that  lives  upon  hope  has  a  ^im  diet. 


238  ftcornsn  pboyerbs. 

He  that  looks  to  freets,  freets  follow  him. 

He  that  shaws  his  purse,  hribes  the  thief. 

He  that  seeks  mots,  gets  mots. 

He  that  seeks  a'  opinions,  comes  ill  speed. 

He  that  teaches  himsel  has  a  fool  for  his  master* 

He  that  wad  eat  the  kernel  maun  crack  the  nuU 

He  that  winna  thole  maun  flit  mony  a  hole. 

He  was  the  bee  that  made  the  honey. 

He  winna  send  you  away  wi'  a  sair  heart. 

He  wats  na  whilk  end  o'  him's  uppermost. 

He  woos  for  cake  an'  puding. 

Hens  are  ay  free  o'  horse  com. 

His  auld  brass  will  buy  a  new  pan. 

His  bark  is  war  nor  his  bite. 

His  room's  better  than  his  company. 

His  tongue's  na  in  his  pouch. 

Hooly  an'  fair  gangs  far  in  a  day. 

Hungry  dogs  are  blyth  o'  bursten  pudings. 

Hungry  stewards  wear  mony  shoon. 

Hunger  is  gude  kitchen  meat.     Optimum  condmmtumfamei. 

He  that  is  far  frae  his  gear  is  near  his  skaith. 

Hand  in  use  is  father  o'  lear. 

He  maun  hae  leave  to  speak  that  canna  had  his  tongue. 

He  that  lippens  to  boden  ploughs,  his  land  will  lie  ley. 

He  rode  sicker  that  ne'er  fell. 

He  that  mnna  read  mother-head  shall  hear  step-mother  head. 

He  that  crabs  without  cause,  shall  meat  without  mends. 

He  that  may  na  as  he  wa'd,  maun  do  as  he  may.     Ul  guimtu 

quando  ut  voluimuSf  non  licet. 
He  is  weel  easit  that  has  aught  o'  his  ain  when  ithers  gang  to 

meat. 
He  that  does  ill  hates  the  light. 
He  that  is  evil  deem'd  is  ha'f  hang'd. 
He  that  speaks  the  thing  he  should  na,  hears  the  things  he 

wa'd  na. 
He  that  spends  his  gear  on  a  whore,  has  baith  shame  an'  skaith. 
He  that  forsakes  missour,  missour  forsakes  him. 
Ha'f  a  tale  is  enough  for  a  wise  man.     V&rhum  Mpimtia  8at  est^ 
He  that  hews  over  hie,  the  spail  will  fa'  into  his  ee. 
He  that  eats  while  he  lasts  will  be  the  war  while  he  die. 
He  is  a  weak  horse  that  mauna  bear  the  sadle. 


SCOTTISH  PBOYEBBS.  239 

He  that  borrows  an'  bigs,  maks  feasts  an'  thigs,  drinks  an'  if 

na  dry,  these  three  are  na  thrifty. 
He  is  a  proud  tod  that  winna  scrape  his  ain  hole. 
He  is  wise  that  when  he  is  weel  can  had  him  sae. 
He  is  wise  that  is  ware  in  time. 
He  is  wise  wha  can  mak  a  freend  o'  a  fae. 
Hair  an'  hair  maks  the  carl's  head  bare. 
Hear  a'  parties. 

He  that  is  red  for  windlestraws  shon'd  na  sleep  in  lees. 
He  that  is  afiraid  o'  a  f — t  shou'd  ne'er  hear  thunder. 
He  rises  o*er  early  that  is  hang'd  ere  noon. 
He  Lb  na  the  fool  that  the  fool  is,  but  he  that  wi'  the  fool  deals. 
He  that  tholes  o'ercomes. 
He  loos  me  for  little  that  hates  me  for  nought. 
He  that  has  twa  huirds  \a  able  to  get  the  third. 
He  Lb  an  airy  beggar  that  mauna  gang  by  ae  man's  door< 
Ha'  binks  are  sliddery. 

He  is  na  the  best  wright  that  hews  maist  speals. 
He  that  ill  does  ne'er  gude  weens. 
He  that  counts  a'  costs  will  ne'er  put  plough  i'  the  yerd. 
He  that  slays  shall  be  slain. 

He  that  is  lU  o'  his  harbory  is  gude  o'  the  waykenning. 
He  that  winna  when  he  may,  shanna  when  he  wa'd. 
Hanging  gangs  by  hap. 

He  that  is  born  to  be  hang'd  will  ne'er  be  drown'd. 
He  that  comes  unca'd  sits  unserved 
He  that  comes  first  to  the  ha'  may  sit  whar  he  will. 
He  that  shames,  let  him  be  shent. 
He  gangs  early  to  steal  that  canna  say  na. 
He  was  scant  o'  news  that  tald  his  father  was  hang'd* 
He  shou'd  hae  a  lang  shafted  spoon  that  sups  kail  wi'  the  de'iL 
He  wa'd  gang  a  mile  to  flit  a  sow. 
Happy  man,  happy  cavel. 
He  that  aught  the  cow  gangs  nearest  her  tail. 
He  is  worth  nae  weel  that  can  bide  nae  wae. 
He  wa'd  need  a  hale  pow  that  ca's  his  neeghbour  nitty  pow. 
He  tliat  counts  but  his  host  counts  twice. 
He  that  looks  na  ere  he  loup  will  fa'  ere  he  wit  o'  himsel. 
Hooly  an'  fairly  men  ride  far  journeys. 
He  that  marries  a  daw  eats  meikle  dirt. 
He  that  marriei  ere  he  be  wise,  will  die  ere  he  thrive. 


\ 


240  800TTI8H  PR0TERB8. 

Hunting,  hawking,  an*  paramours,  for  ae  joy  a  hundred  dia- 

pleaeures. 
Held  in  p;ear  helps  weel. 
He  IS  twice  £un  that  aits  on  a  stane. 
He  that  does  hia  turn  in  time  sits  ha'f  idle. 
He  plaints  early  that  plaints  o'  his  kail. 
He  wa'd  rake  hell  for  a  bodle. 
He  is  gude  that  failed  ne'er. 
He  is  a  sairy  cook  that  mauna  lick  his  ain  fingers. 
Hunger  is  hard  in  a  hale  maw. 
Ha'f  anch,  is  ha'f  fill. 

He  shou'd  wear  iron  shoon  that  bides  his  neeghbour's  death. 
Hame  is  hame  though  ever  sae  hamely. 
He  that  is  hated  o'  his  subjects  canna  be  a  king. 
Hap  an'  ha'penny  is  warld  s  gear  enough. 
He  ca'6  me  scabbed,  because  I  winna  ca'  him  sca'd. 
He  is  blind  that  eats  marrow,  but  he  is  blinder  that  lets  him. 
Hae  Grod,  hae  a*. 
Honesty  is  nae  pride. 

He  that  fishes  afore  the  net,  lang  'ere  fish  get. 
He  tint  ne'er  a  cow  that  grat  for  a  needle. 
He  that  has  na  gear  to  tine  has  shins  to  pine. 
He  that  taks  a'  his  gear  frae  himsel  an'  gies  to  his  baima,  it 

were  weel  waird  to  tak  a  mell  an'  knodc  out  his  hams. 
He  sits  fu'  still  that  has  riven  breeks. 
He  that  does  bidding  'serves  na  dinging. 
He  that  blaws  best  bears  awa'  the  horn. 
He's  weel  staikit  there-ben  that  will  neither  borrow  nor  len. 
He  will  gar  a  deaf  man  hear. 
He's  sairest  dung  when  his  ain  wand  dings  him. 
He  has  wit  at  wL^  that  wi'  an  angry  heart  can  hand  him  still. 

FBOYEBBIAL  8PEE0HS8  O?  FEfiBOKS   GIYEIT  TO  StTOK  TI018 

OB  TIBTITE8  AS  FOLLOW. 

Of  Greedy  Persons  U  is  said: 
He  can  hide  his  meat  and  seek  mair. 
He  will  see  day-light  through  a  little  hole. 
He  comes  for  drink,  though  draff  be  his  errand. 

0/  WeU-sMed  Persons. 
He  was  born  in  August. 


SCOTTISH  PBOYZBBS.  241 

He  tees  an  inch  afore  his  nose. 

Of  JFU/ul  Penont. 
He  is  at  his  wit's  end. 
He  hears  na  at  that  ear 
He  wa'd  £ain  be  forward,  if  Le  wist  how. 
He  wa'd  na  gie  ae  inch  o'  ills  will  for  a  span  o'  his  thrift. 

.  0/  Boasters  or  Nmo  UpstarU. 
His  wind  shaks  na  com. 
He  thinks  himsel  nae  page's  pc-er. 
He  thinks  himsel  worth  meikle  mice  dirt. 
Henry  Chick  ne'er  slew  a  man  till  ho  came  near  hiuu 

Of  Jfleyit  Pentm. 
HiB  heart  is  in  his  hose. 
He  is  mair  fleyit  nor  he  is  hurt 
He  looks  as  the  wood  were  fu'  o*  thievos. 
He  looks  like  the  laird  o'  pity. 
He  looks  like  a  Lochaber  axe. 

Of  Fahe  PcrsoM. 
He  will  get  credit  o'  a  house  fu'  o*  unbor'd  mill-6tQnc^. 
He  looks  np  wi'  the  tse  ee,  ixJ  down  wi'  the  tither. 
He  can  lie  as  weel  as  a  dog  can  lick  a  dish. 
He  bides  as  fast  as  a  cat  bound  to  a  saucer. 
He  wad  gar  a  men  trow  that  the  moon  is  made  o'  green  cheesso. 
or  that  the  cat  took  the  heron. 

Of  Ilisnurtured  Persona. 
He  has  a  brasen  face«     Perfeete  frontis. 
He  kens  na  the  door  by  the  door  bar. 
He  spits  on  his  ain  blanket. 

Of  UffrofitahU  Foolish  Peratm. 
He  harps  ay  on  ae  string. 
He  robs  Peter  to  pay  Paul. 
He  rives  the  kirk  to  theek  the  quire. 
He  wags  a  wand  i'  the  water, 
lie  that  rides  ere  he  be  ready  wants  some  o'  his  gear. 

Of  Wily  Persons. 
He  can  hald  the  cat  to  tjbe  sun. 
He  kens  his  groats  amang  ither  fowk's  kail. 
He  neifPers  for  the  better. 
He's  na  sae  daft  as  he  lets  on. 


^42  SCOTTISH  FB0TEBB8. 

Of  Angry  PenoM, 
He  has  na  gotteu  the  first  seat  o*  the  midden  the  day. 

Of  Inconstant  Person*, 
He  has  changed  his  tippet,  or  his  cloak,  on  the  ither  shoulder 
He  is  like  a  dog  on  a  cat. 

His  e'euing  sang  an'  his  morning  sang  are  na  baith  alike. 
He  is  an  Aberdeen's  man  that  taks  his  word  a^ain. 

Of  Persons  speaking  pertinentfy. 
He  has  hit  the  nail  on  the  head. 
He  has  toucht  him  on  the  quick. 

Of  Weasters  and  Dkers. 
He  has  na  a  hale  nail  to  claw  him  wi*. 
He  has  na  a  penny  to  buy  his  dog  a  loaf. 
He  is  as  bare  as  the  birk  at  Yule  e'en. 
He  begs  at  them  that  borrowed  at  him. 
He  has  brought  his  pack  to  a  foot  speed. 
He  is  on  the  ground. 
His  hair  grows  through  his  hood. 
He  has  cryed  himself  diver. 

Of  Proud  Persons. 
He  counts  his  ha  penny  gude  siller. 
He  maks  meikle  o'  his  painted  sheets. 
He  gaes  awa'  wi'  bom  head. 
He  spills  unspoken  to. 
He  has  na  that  bachel  to  swear  by. 

Of  Uhtimous  Persons, 
He  is  as  weelcome  as  water  in  a  riven  ship. 
He  is  as  weelcome  as  snaw  in  har'st. 

Of  Rash  Persons. 
He  sets  a'  on  six  an'  seven. 
He  stumbles  at  a  strae  an'  loups  o'er  a  brae. 

Of  Ignorant  Persons. 
He  does  as  the  blind  man  when  he  casts  his  staff. 
He  brings  a  staff  to  brak  his  aiu  head. 
He  gars  his  ain  wand  ding  him. 
He  breeds  o'  the  gaet  that  casts  a'  down  ht  e'en. 
He  has  gude  skill  o'  roasted  woo' ;  when  it  stinks  it  is  enough 

Of  Effeminate  Persons* 
He  is  John  Thomson's  man  i  couch  carl. 


SCOTTISH  FB0TSBB8.  243 

He  wean  short  hose. 

Of  Dmnkardi. 
His  head  is  fu'  o'  bees. 
He  may  write  to  his  freends. 
His  hand  is  i'  the  creel. 
He  is  better  fed  nor  nurtur'd. 
He  needs  na  a  cake  o*  bread  o'  a'  his  kin. 

0/  HypocriUi, 
He  has  meikle  prayer  but  little  devotion. 
He  rins  wi'  the  hound  an*  hands  wi'  the  hare. 
He  has  ae  face  to  God  an'  anither  to  the  dell. 
He  is  a  wolf  in  a  lamb's  skin. 
He  braks  my  head  an'  syne  puts  on  my  hoo. 
He  can  say.  My  jo,  an'  think  it  na. 
He  sleeps  as  dogs  do  when  wives  sift  mesl^ 
He  will  gae  to  hell  for  the  house  protit. 
Hat  luve  an*  hasty  vengeance. 

I.  J. 

BREAK  nae  bread  by  yonr  shins. 

can  scarce  believe  you,  you  speak  sae  fair. 

hae  gi'en  a  stick  to  brak  my  ain  head. 

hae  anither  tow  on  my  rock. 

hae  mair  ado  than  a  dish  to  wash. 

hae  ta*en  the  sheaf  frae  the  mare. 

hae  baith  my  meat  an'  my  mense. 

hae  seen  mair  than  I  hae  eaten. 

ken  by  my  cog  wha  milks  my  cow. 
'11  gie  you  a  meeting,  as  Mungo  did  his  mare. 
'11  gar  his  ain  gartans  tie  up  his  ain  hose. 
'U  gar  him  draw  his  belt  to  his  ribs. 
'11  ne'er  dirty  the  bannet  I'm  gaen  to  put  3U. 
'11  ne'er  lout  sae  laigh,  an'  lift  sae  little. 

like  na  to  mak  a  toil  o'  a  pleasure, 
'm  o'er  auld  a  cat  to  draw  a  strae  afore, 
'm  na  every  man's  dog  that  whistles  on  me. 
*m  na  oblig'd  to  summer  an'  winter  it  to  you. 

might  bring  a  better  speaker  frae  home  than  yoo. 

may  come  to  brak  an  egg  i'  your  pouch. 

ne'er  liked  a  dry  bargain. 

B  2 


244  SCOTTISH   PBOVXBBS. 

I  ne'er  loo'd  'bout  gaits,  qao'  the  wife  wbeu  she  harrd  he: 

man  o'er  the  ingle. 
I  ne'er  loo'd  meat  that  craw'd  i'  my  crappie. 
I  think  mair  o'  your  kindness  than  it  is  a'  worth 
I  wa'd  na  fodder  you  for  yoar  muck. 
I  wa'd  na  ca'  the  king  my  cousin. 
I  y^&*d  rather  see't  than  hear  tell  o't. 
I  winna  mak  fish  o'  ane  an'  flesh  o'  anither. 
I  wish  you  readier  meat  than  a  rinning  hare. 
I  wish  you  as  meickle  gude  o't  as  dogs  get  o*  gras?. 
If  fancy  speir  at  ye,  ye  may  say  ye  watna. 
^  and  and  spills  mony  a  gude  charter. 
If  e'er  I  find  his  cart  tumbling  Fse  gie't  a  put. 
If  I  canna  do't  by  might  I'll  do't  by  slight. 
If  I  live  anither  year,  I'll  ca'  this  year  fern  year. 
If  it  can  be  nae  better,  it  is  weel  it  is  nae  war. 
If  it  serve  me  to  wear,  it  may  gain  you  to  look  tci. 
If  it  dinna  sell  it  winna  sower. 
If  straiks  be  gude  to  gie  they'll  be  gude  to  get. 
If  ye  brew  weel  ye'U  drink  me  better. 
If  ye  do  wrang  mak  amends. 
lU  beef  ne'er  made  gude  broo. 
Ill  comes  upon  war's  back. 
Ill  counsel  will  gar  a  man  stick  his  ain  mare. 
Ill  doers  are  ay  ill  dreaders. 
Ill  getting  hat  water  frae  neath  cauld  ice. 
Ill  hearing  maks  bad  rehearsing. 
Ill  laying  up  maks  mony  thieves. 
Ill  news  are  ail  o'er  true. 

Ill  payers  are  ay  gude  cravers.  I 

111  workers  are  ay  gude  to-patters. 
Ill-will  ne'er  spake  weel. 

Joke  at  leisure,  ye  kenna  wha  may  jybe  yoursd* 
Joke,  an'  let  the  jaw  gae  o'er. 

It  came  wi'  the  wind,  let  it  gang  wi'  the  water.  ^ 

It  is  a  gude  game  that  fills  the  wame.  j 

It  is  a  gude  tongue  that  says  nae  ill. 

It  is  an  ill  wind  that  blaws  nae  body  gude.  | 

It  is  an  ill  cause  that  the  lawyer  thinks  shame  o\  i 

It  is  a  mean  mouse  that  has  but  ae  hole.  J 

It  is  a  sign  o'  a  hale  hear^  to  rift  at  the  rumple. 


SCOTTISH  PBOVXBBS.  245 

it  is  a  sairy  hen  ihat  canna  scrape  for  ae  bird. 

It  is  a  tight  tree  that  has  neither  knap  nor  gaw. 

It  is  but  kindly  that  the  pock  saa'r  o  the  herrin. 

It  b  better  to  sup  wi'  a  cutty  than  want  a  spoon. 

It  is  by  the  head  that  the  cow  gi'es  milk. 

It  is  come  to  meikle,  but  'tis  na  come  to  that. 

It  is  gude  mawt  that  comes  a  will. 

It  is  gude  to  be  out  o'  harm's  gate. 

It  is  gude  to  be  sib  to  siller. 

It  is  gude  to  be  gude  in  your  time,  ye  kenna  how  lang  it  may 

last. 
It  is  hard  to  sit  in  Rome  an*  fight  wi'  the  pope. 
It  is  hard  to  please  a'  parties. 
It  is  hard  baith  to  hae  an'  want. 
It  is  kittle  shooting  at  corbies  an'  clergy. 
It  is  needless  to  pour  water  on  a  drown' d  mouse. 
It  is  na  tint  that  a  freend  gets. 
It  is  na.  What  is  she  7  but.  What  has  she  7 
It  is  past  joking  when  the  head's  aff. 
It  is  weel  war'd  that  wasters  want. 
It  is  weel  that  our  fau'ts  are  na  written  on  our  face. 
It  is  the  best  spake  i'  your  wheel. 
It  will  be  a  feather  out  o'  your  wing. 
It  was  ne'er  for  naething  that  the  glad  whistled. 
It  is  a  sairy  brewing  that  is  na  gude  in  the  newing. 
It's  tint  that's  done  to  auld  men  an'  bairns. 
Ill  weeds  wax  weel. 

In  some  man's  aught  maun  the  auld  horse  die. 
It  is  a  sooth  dream  that  is  seen  wauking. 
It  is  ill  to  tak  out  o'  the  flesh  that  is  bred  i'  the  baae. 
Ill  win,  ill  wairt. 

It  is  a  silly  flock  whar  the  ewe  bears  the  bell. 
It  is  sin  to  lie  on  the  de*il. 
It  is  gude  gear  that  pleases  the  merchant. 
It  is  gude  mou'  that  fills  the  wame. 
It  is  nae  time  to  stoop  when  the  head's  aff. 
It  is  fair  in  ha',  whar  beards  wag  a'. 
If  you  do  nae  ill,  do  nae  ill  like. 
If  ye  steal  na  my  kail,  brak  na  my  dike. 
If  ye  may  spend  meikle,  put  the  mair  to  the  fire. 
li  I  can  get  his  cart  at  a  water,  I  shall  lend  it  a  puu 


246  SCOTTISH  FKOTEBBS 

If  I  mauna  kep  goose,  I  shall  kep  gaisHn. 

It  is  eith  to  eiy  Yule  on  anither  man's  coast. 

Ilka  man  aa  he  looes,  let  him  send  to  the  cooks. 

It  is  eith  to  swim  whar  the  head  is  held  up. 

It  is  weel  wairt  they  hae  sorrow,  that  buy  it  wi'  their  siller. 

If  ane  winna,  anither  will. 

It  is  ill  to  talc  breeks  aff  a  bare  a — ^. 

It  is  dear-bought  honey  that  is  lickt  aff  a  thorn. 

If  Ood  be  wi'  us,  wha  will  be  against  us  ? 

It  is  ill  to  bring  but  the  thing  that  is  na  thereben. 

It  that  lies  na  i'  your  gate  braks  na  your  shins. 

It  is  nae  play  whar  ane  greets  an'  anither  laughs. 

It  is  true  that  a'  men  say. 

I  hae  a  gude  bow,  but  it  is  i'  the  castle. 

It  is  hard  to  sing  at  the  brod,  or  kick  at  the  prick. 

Ilka  man  mend  ane,  an'  a'  will  be  mended. 

It  is  a  sairy  coUop  that  is  ta'en  aff  a  capon. 

Ill  bairns  are  ay  best  heard  at  hame. 

It  is  ill  to  wauken  sleeping  dogs. 

Ill  herds  mak  fat  wolves. 

It  is  hard  to  wed  an'  thrive  in  a  year. 

It  is  gude  sleeping  in  a  hale  skin. 

It  is  ill  to  draw  a  strae  afore  an  auld  cat. 

It  is  gude  fishing  in  drummly  waters. 

It  is  httle  o'  God*8  might  to  mak  a  poor  man  a  knight. 

It  is  gude  baking  beside  meal. 

It  is  gude  goose  that  draps  ay. 

It  is  na  the  habit  that  maks  the  monk. 

It  is  na  gude  to  want  an'  to  hae. 

I  shall  sit  on  his  skirt. 

It  is  a  bare  moor  that  he  gaes  o*er  an'  gets  na  a  cow. 

I  shall  hand  his  nose  to  the  grindstane. 

It  gaes  as  meikle  in  his  heart  as  his  heel. 

It  gaes  in  at  ae  lug  an'  out  o'  the  ither. 

It  is  nae  mair  pity  to  see  a  woman  greet,  nor  to  see  a  goose 

gae  barefoot. 
It  is  weel  said,  but  wha  will  bell  the  cat? 
It  is  short  while  since  the  louse  bore  the  langelL 
I  hae  a  sliddery  eel  by  the  tail. 
It  is  as  meet  as  a  sow  to  bear  a  sadle. 
It  is  as  meet  as  a  thief  for  the  widdy. 


SCOTTISH  PR0TSBB8.  247 

I  wa'd  T  had  as  meikle  black  spice  as  he  counts  lu  nisei  worthy 

mice  dirt, 
t  will  be  an  ill  web  to  bleach. 

canna  find  you  baith  tales  an'  ears, 
t  is  ill  making  a  bowing  horn  o*  a  tod*s  tail, 
f  e*er  you  mak  a  lucky  pudding  I  shall  eat  the  prick, 
f  that  God  will  gie,  the  de'il  canna  reave, 
n  a  gade  time  I  say  it,  in  a  better  I  leave  it. 
t  is  a  silly  pack  that  mauna  pay  the  customs. 

hae  seen  as  light  a  green, 
t  is  a  cauld  coal  to  blaw  at. 
t  is  a  fair  field  whar  a'  is  dung  down, 
t  is  a  sair  dung  bairn  that  darna  greet. 

wat  whar  my  ain  shoe  binds  me. 
If  yon  wanted  me  an'  your  meat,  ye  wa'd  want  a  ^de  freeud. 

K. 

Kexp  something  for  a  sair  fit. 

Keep  your  ain  fish-guts  to  your, ain  sea-maws. 

Keep  your  tongue  within  your  teeth.    • 

Keep  the  feast  to  feast  day. 

Keep  the  stafif  i'  your  ain  hand. 

Keep  your  breath  to  cool  your  crowdie. 

Kend  fowk's  nae  company. 

Kiss  a  sclate-stane,  an'  that  winna  slaver  niu. 

Kyth  i'  your  ain  colours,  that  fowk  may  ken  you. 

Keme  seenil,  keme  sair. 

Kindness  comes  o*  will. 

Kindness  will  creep  whar  it  mauna  gans:. 

Kindness  canna  be  bought  for  gear. 

Kail  spairs  bread. 

Kemsters  are  ay  creishie. 

Knowledge  is  eith  bom  about. 

Kings  are  out  o'  play. 

Kings  an'  \^ears  fuft  worry  their  keepers. 

Kings  hae  lang  ears. 

Kine's  caff  is  worth  ither  men's  com. 

Kindness  lies  na  ay  in  ae  side  o'  the  haoao. 

L. 
Lako  fasting  gains  nae  meat. 


248  soomsu  noTi 

liEng  look*d  for  comes  at  laat 

Lang  faBting  gathers  wind. 

Lang  straes  are  nae  mots. 

Lang  or  ye  sadle  a  foal. 

Law-makers  shou'd  na  be  law-brakers. 

Laugh  at  leisure,  ye  may  greet  ere  night. 

Lay  the  head  c'  the  sow  to  the  tail  o*  the  gAx 

Leave  weelcome  a-hent  ye.. 

Leave  aff  as  lang  as  the  play's  gude. 

Learn  you  to  an  use,  an'  ye  11  ca't  castooi. 

Let  na  the  plough  stand  to  slay  a  mouse. 

Let  beird  wethers  brak  the  snaw. 

Let  him  tak  a  spring  on  his  ain  fiddle. 

Let  him  cool  i'  the  skin  he  hat  in. 

Let  his  ain  wand  ding  him. 

Let  never  sorrow  come  sae  near  your  heail. 

Let  the  horns  gang  wi*  the  hide. 

L^t  the  mom  come,  an'  the  meat  wi*t. 

Let  the  kirk  stand  i'  the  kirk-yard. 

Let  them  care  that  come  a-hent. 

Lie  for  him,  an'  he'll  swear  for  yon. 

Light  burdens  brak  nae  banes. 

Like  Scotsmen,  ay  wise  a-hent  the  hand. 

Like  the  cur  i'  the  crub,  he'll  neither  do  nor  lei  do. 

Like*s  an  ill  mark. 

Like  a  sow  playing  on  a  trump. 

Like  the  wife  that  never  cries  for  the  ladle  till  the  pat  rins  o'er. 

Lippen  to  me,  but  look  to  yoursel. 

Littie  ken'd  the  less  car'd  for. 

Little  odds  a-tween  a  feast  and  a  fu*  waroe. 

Loud  in  the  loan  was  ne'er  a  gude  milk  cow. 

Luve's  as  warm  amang  cotters  as  courtiers. 

Luve  your  freend,  an'  look  to  yoursel. 

Little  intermitting  maks  gude  freends. 

Lang  tarrowing  taks  a'  the  thanks  awa'. 

Little  said  is  soon  mended,  an'  a  httle  gear  is  soon  upended. 

Lang  lean  maks  hame-cauld  cattle. 

Little  wit  maks  meikle  travail. 

Lear  young,  lear  fair. 

Like  draws  to  like,  a  scabbed  horse  to  an  auld  dike. 

Laith  to  bed,  laith  out  o't. 


SCOTTISH  PR0YEBB8.  249 

Little  may  an  aiild  nag  do  that  manna  nicher. 

Let  them  that  are  cauld  blaw  at  the  coal. 

Lang  standing  an'  little  offering  maks  a  poor  priest. 

Luve  has  nae  lack,  be  the  dame  e'er  sae  black. 

Leave  the  court  ere  the  court  leave  thee. 

Light  suppers  mak  lang  life  days. 

Lik'd  gear  is  ha'f  bought. 

Little  winning  maks  a  heavy  purse,. 

Lifeless,  faultless. 

Laith  to  the  drink,  laith  frae't. 

Lightly  come,  lightly  gane. 

Last  in  bed,  best  heard. 

Law's  costly,  tak  a  pint  an'  'gree. 

Little  wats  the  ill-willy  wife  what  a  dinner  m^^y  hand  ill. 

Lads  will  be  men. 

Laugh,  an'  lay't  down  again. 

Likely  lies  i'  the  mire,  an'  unlikely  gaes  by  it. 

Let  him  drink  as  he  has  brewen. 

Like  to  die  mends  na  the  kirk-yard. 

Lang  sports  turn  to  earnest. 

Lang  or  ye  cut  Falkland  wood  wi'  a  penknife. 

Luve  me  lightly,  luve  me  lang. 

Let  alane  maks  mony  a  loon. 

Little  troubles  the  ee,  but  far  less  the  saul. 

Little  kens  the  wife  that  sits  by  the  fire,  how  the  wind  blaua 

on  hurly-burly  swire. 
Lips  gae,  laps  gae,  drink  an'  pay. 

M. 

Maidkns  bairns  are  ay  weel  bred. 

Mair  by  luck  than  gude  guiding. 

Mair  haste  the  war  speed,  quo'  the  taylor  to  the  lang  threed* 

Mair  hamely  than  weelcome. 

Mak  ae  wrang  step,  an'  down  ye  gae. 

Mak  a  kirk  an'  a  mill  o't. 

Mak  the  best  o*  an  ill  bargain. 

Mak  your  hay  when  the  sun  sihines. 

Malice  is  ay  mindfu'. 

May  bees  flee  na  at  this  time  o'  the  year. 

Men  are  na  to  be  met  by  inches. 

Meikle  wa*d  ay  hae  mair. 


250  scornsH  pbotxbbs. 

Meikle  mou'd  fowk  hae  ay  hap  to  their  mea:. 

Meikle  may  fa'  a-tweeu  the  cap  an'  the  li|#. 

Money  maks  a  man  free  ilka  whar. 

Mouy  hounds  may  soon  worry  ae  hare. 

Mony  ezcuaes  pisses  the  bed. 

Mony  wite  their  wife  for  their  ain  thriftless  life. 

Mony  dogs  die  or  ye  fa'  heir. 

Mony  a  ane's  gear  has  hastened  liis  hinder  end. 

Mony  gnde-nights  is  laith  awa'. 

Mony  ways  to  kill  a  dog  though  ye  dinna  hang  Lim. 

Mony  cooks  ne'er  made  gude  kail. 

Must  is  a  king's  word. 

My  tongue  is  na  beneath  your  belt. 

My  market's  made,  ye  may  lick  a  whip  shaft. 

Mony  irons  i*  the  fire,  part  maun  cool. 

Maidens  shou'd  be  mim  till  they're  married,  an'  then  thev  msv 

bum  kirks. 
Mony  purses  hand  freends  Uug  thegither. 
Meat  feeds,  an'  claith  deeds,  bat  manners  mak  a  man. 
Mony  hands  mak  light  wakr. 
Mak  na  twa  mews  o'  ae  daughter. 
Meat's  gude,  but  mense  is  better. 
Mony  masters,  quo'  the  paddock,  when  ilka  tine  o*  the  harrow 

took  him  a  tide. 
Mint  ere  ye  strike. 

Mony  lacK  what  they  wa'd  hae  i'  their  pack. 
Misterfu'  fowk  mauna  be  mensfu'. 
Mister  maks  man  o'  craft. 
Mony  sma's  mak  a  great. 
Mastery  maws  dow  the  meadow. 
Meikle  water  rins  by  that  the  miller  wats  na  o*. 
Meikle  maun  a  gude  heart  thole. 
Mony  care  for  meal  that  hae  baken  bread  enougii. 
Meikle  spoken,  part  spilt. 

Messengers  shou'd  neither  be  headed  nor  hang'd. 
Men  are  blind  i'  their  ain  cause. 
Mony  words  wa*d  hae  meikle  drinkr 
Man  propones,  but  Ood  dispones. 
Mony  ane  senre  a  thankless  master. 
Mony  words  fill  na  the  firlot. 
Mouy  aunts  mony  eems,  mony  kin  an'  few  freend*. 


SC0TTI8U   P£OT£BBS.  25\ 

Men  goe  o*er  the  dyke  at  the  laighest. 

Mends  is  worth  misdeed b. 

Meikle  head,  little  wit. 

Millers  tak  ay  the  heat  mouter  wi'  their  ain  hand. 

Mouy  ane  spears  the  gate  they  ken  fu'  weel. 

Muzzle  na  the  ox's  mou'. 

Meikle  wa'd  fain  hae  mair. 

Mony  ane  tines  the  ha'f-merk whinger  for  the  ha'ppenny  whang. 

Mak  na  meikle  o'  little. 

Mony  ane  maks  an  errand  to  the  ha'  to  bid  the  lady  gude^ay. 

Mony  ane  brings  the  rake,  bat  few  the  shooi. 

Mak  nae  hawks  o'  gude  bear  land. 

March  whisquer  was  ne*er  a  good  fisher. 

Meat  an'  mass  hinders  nae  man. 

N. 

Najb  fool  to  an  auld  fooL 

Nae  freend  to  a  freend  in  need. 

Nae  great  loss  bat  there's  some  advantage. 

Nae  penny  nae  pater -noster. 

Nae  sooner  ap  than  her  head's  i'  the  ambry. 

Nae  safe  wadmg  in  unco  waters. 

Naething  freer  than  a  gift. 

Naethiug  is  balder  than  a  blind  mare. 

Naething  to  be  done  in  haste  but  gripping  c'  fleas. 

Naething  to  do,  but  draw  in  your  stool,  an'  sit  down. 

Nane  but  fools  an'  knayes  lay  wagers. 

Nane  sae  weel  but  he  hopes  to  be  better. 

Narrow  gather*  d,  widely  spent. 

Near's  my  sark,  but  nearer  my  skin. 

Neck  or  naething ;  the  king  loos  nae  cripples. 

Neither  fish  nor  flesh,  nor  gude  red  herring. 

Ne'er  let  on  you,  but  laugh  i'  your  ain  sleeve. 

Ne'er  put  a  sword  in  a  wood  man's  hand. 

Ne'er  put  the  plough  afore  the  owsen. 

Ne'er  quat  certainty  for  hope. 

Ne'er  scad  your  lips  in  ither  fowks'  kail. 

Ne'er  seek  a  wife  till  ye  ken  what  to  do  wi'  her. 

Ne'er  shaw  me  the  meat,  but  the  man. 

Ne'er  shaw  your  teeth  imless  you  can  bite. 

Ne'er  tell  your  fae  when  your  feet  sleeps. 

Nineteen  nay-says  o'  a  maiden  are  ha'f  a  grant. 


252  B00TTI8H  FB0TIRB8. 

Now's  now,  an'  yule's  in  winter. 

Nature  passes  nurture. 

Nae  man  can  baith  sup  an'  blaw  thegither.    Shrbere  HJIan. 

Naething  enters  into  a  close  hand. 

Need  maks  virtue. 

Necessity  has  nae  law. 

Nearest  the  kirk  the  farthest  frae  Grod. 

Nearest  the  king,  nearest  the  widdie. 

New  lords  hae  new  laws. 

Nae  man  has  a  tack  o'  his  life. 

Nearest  the  heart,  nearest  the  mou*. 

Ne*er  rode,  ne'er  fell. 

Need  gars  naked  men  rin,  an*  sorrow  gars  websters  spin. 

Near  is  the  kirtle,  but  nearer  is  the  sark. 

Naething  is  difficult  to  a  weel-willed  man. 

Nae  plea  is  best. 

Naething  comes  fairer  to  light  than  what  has  been  lang  hidden. 

Nane  can  play  the  fool  sae  weel  as  a  wise  man. 

Nae  man  can  mak  his  ain  hap. 

Nae  penny,  nae  pardon. 

Nae  man  can  seek  his  marrow  i*  the  kirn  sae  weel  as  he  thas 

has  been  in  it  himsel. 
Nae  wonder  to  see  wasters  want. 

0. 

O'eh  meikle  hameliness  spills  gnde  courtesy. 

O'er  meikle  loose  leather  about  your  chafts. 

0'  a'  sorrow  a  fu'  sorrow'a  best. 

0'  a'  meat  i'  the  warld  drink  gaes  best  down* 

On  painting  an'  fighting  look  adriegh. 

Oppression  will  mak  a  wise  man  wood. 

Out  0*  sight  out  o'  kngour. 

0*er  fast  o'er  loose. 

0'  enough  men  leave. 

0*er  great  familiarity  genders  despite. 

Out  o'  debt  out  o'  danger. 

0*er  narrow  counting  oulzies  nae  kindness. 

0'  twa  ills  chuse  the  least 

0'  ither  fowk's  leather  ye  tak  large  whangs. 

O'er  mony  greeves  but  hinder  the  wark. 

0'  the  abundance  o*  the  heart  the  mou'  speaketh. 


SCOTTISH  FB0TXBB8.  2AS 

0*  a*  war  peace  is  the  final  end. 

O'  ill  debtors  men  get  aiths. 

0*  need  mak  yirtue. 

Open  confession  is  gnde  for  the  saul. 

0'  ae  ill  comes  mony. 

O'er  hat  o'er  caold. 

O'er  high,  o'er  laigh. 

0*er  meilde  o*  ae  thing  is  gude  for  naethins;. 

P. 

Plat's  gnde  while  it  is  play. 

Poor  fowk's  freends  soon  misken  them. 

Provision  in  season  maks  a  bien  house. 

Put  on  your  spurs,  an*  be  at  your  speed. 

Priests  an'  dooes  mak  foul  houses. 

Pride  an]  sweerness  tak  meikle  uphauding. 

Pride  ne'er  leayes  its  master  till  he  gets  a  fa . 

Pride  an*  grace  ne'er  dwell  in  ae  place. 

Pride  finds  nae  cauld. 

Pride  will  hae  a  fa'. 

Put  your  hand  nae  fartner  than  your  sleeve  will  reach. 

Put  your  hand  i'  the  creel,  an'  tak  out  an  adder  or  an  e«iL 

Put  a  coward  to  his  metal  an'  he'll  fight  the  de'il. 

Put  twa  pennies  in  a  purse  an*  they'll  creep  thegither. 

Put  your  finger  i'  the  fire,  an'  say  it  was  your  fortune. 

Puddings  an'  paramours  shou'd  be  hastily  handled. 

Puddings  an'  wort  are  hasty  dirt. 

Possession  is  eleven  points  o*  the  law. 

Poor  fowk  are  fain  o  little. 

Poor  fowk  are  soon  pish*t  on. 

Play  wi'  your  play  fairs. 

Pith  is  gude  in  a  play. 

Painters  an'  poets  hae  liberty  to  lie. 

Pay  him  hame  in  his  ain  coin. 

Placks  an*  bawbees  grow  pounds. 

Peter  in,  Paul's  out. 

Pennyless  sauls  may  pine  in  purgatory. 

Q. 

QuALitY  without  quantity  is  little  thought  o\ 
Quey-caufs  are  dear  veal. 


254  aOOTTI8H  PBOYZBBS. 

Quick,  for  ye*U  ne'er  be  cleanly. 
Quick  returns  mak  rich  merchaintB. 

B. 

Rathxb  spill  your  joke  than  tine  your  fireend. 

Rich  fowk  hae  routh  o'  freenda. 

Ride  fair,  an*  jap  nane. 

Right  wranga  nae  man. 

Robin  that  herds  on  the  height  can  be  as  blyth  as  Sir  Robert 

the  knight 
Rot  him  awa'  wi'  butter  an'  eggs. 
Reason  binds  the  man. 
Roose  the  ford  as  ye  find  it. 
Roose  the  fair  day  at  e'en. 
Rackless  youth  maks  ruefu*  eild. 
Royet  lads  may  mak  sober  men. 
Right  mixture  maks  gude  mortar. 
Rule  youth  weel,  an*  eild  will  rule  itsel. 
Rome  was  na  bigged  in  ae  day. 
Rue  an'  thyme  grow  baith  in  ae  garden. 
Raw  dads  mak  Sit  lads. 
Raise  nae  mae  de*ils  than  ye're  able  to  lay. 
Raw  leather  raxes. 

S. 

Saib  cravers  are  ay  ill  payers. 

Say  still  no,  an'  ve'U  ne'er  be  married. 

Scart  the  cog  wa  d  sup  mair. 

Scorn  comes  commonly  wi'  skaith. 

Seeing's  believing  a*  the  warld  o'er. 

Seeth  stanes  in  butter  the  broo  will  be  gude. 

Serve  yoursel  till  your  bairns  come  to  age. 

Set  ^at  down  on  the  back  side  o'  your  count-book. 

Set  a  knave  to  grip  a  knave. 

Set  a  stout  heart  to  a  stay  brae. 

Sharp  stamachs  mak  short  graces. 

Shallow  waters  mak  maist  din. 

She  is  a  wise  wife  that  wats  her  ain  weird. 

She  looks  as  if  butter  wa'd  na  melt  in  her  mou\ 

She  hands  up  her  head  like  a  hen  drinking  water. 

She's  better  than  she's  bonny. 

Silence  grips  the  mouse. 


8C0TTIBH  PS0VXBB8.  255 

Smooth  waters  rm  deep. 

Sma'  fish  are  better  than  nae  fish. 

Sorrow  an'  ill  weather  come  unsent  for. 

Some  hae  a  hantle  fauts,  ye're  only  a  ne*er-do-weeL 

Speak  gude  o'  pipers,  your  father  was  a  fiddler. 

Spilt  ale  is  war  than  water. 

Stay,  an'  drink  o'  your  ain  browst. 

Strike  the  iron  as  lang  as  it  is  hat. 

Stown  dints  are  sweetest. 

Sudden  freendship,  sure  repentance. 

Sup'd-out  wort  was  ne'er  gude  ale. 

Sweer  to  bed,  an'  sweer  up  i'  the  morning. 

Seldom  rides  tyne  the  spurs. 

Sic  man  sic  master,  sic  priest  sic  offering. 

Sic  as  ye  gie  sie  will  ye  get. 

Sic  reek  as  is  therein  comes  out  o'  the  lum. 

Shod  i*  the  craddle,  an'  barefoot  on  the  stibble. 

Standing  dubs  gather  dirt. 

Sooth  bourd  is  nae  bourd. 

Seldom  lies  the  dell  dead  by  the  dyke-side. 

Saying  gangs  cheap. 

Spit  on  a  stane  an'  it  will  be  wet  at  last. 

Saft  fire  maks  sweet  mawt. 

Sturt  pays  nae  debt. 

Silly  bairns  are  eith  to  lear. 

Saw  thin,  shear  thin. 

Send  an'  fetch. 

Soon  enough  if  weel  enough. 

Shame  fa'  them  that  shame  think  to  dc  themselves  a  gude  turn. 

Shame's  past  the  shed  o'  your  hair. 

Sic  father  sic  son. 

Seenil  seen  soon  forgotten. 

She's  a  foul  bird  that  files  her  ain  nest. 

Speer  at  Jock  Thief  if  I  be  a  leal  man. 

Soon  gotten  soon  spent. 

She's  a  sairy  mouse  that  has  but  ae  hole. 

Surfeits  slay  mae  than  swords. 

Seek  your  saw  whar  ye  gat  your  ail,  an'  beg  your  barm  whar 

you  buy  your  ale. 
Send  you  to  the  sea  ye'll  na  get  saut  water. 
Sma'  winnings  mak  a  heavy  purse. 


256  SCOTTISH  PB0TEBB8. 

She  that  taks  gifts  hersel  she  sells,  an*  she  that  gie's  theoi 

does  naething  else. 
She's  na  to  he  made  a  sang  o'. 
Scotsmen  reckon  ay  frae  an  ill  honr. 
Sain  yoursel  frae  the  de'il  an'  the  laird*s  haims. 
Shaw  me  the  gnest  the  house  is  the  war  o*. 
Shaw  me  the  man  an'  I'll  shaw  yon  the  law. 
Swear  by  yoar  burnt  shins. 

Sairy  be  your  meal-pock,  an'  ay  your  neive  i*  the  neuk  o't. 
Scant  0*  cheeks  maks  a  kng  nose. 
Sweet  i*  the  bed  an*  sweer  up  i*  the  morning,  is  na  the  best 

house-wife. 
Saut,  quo'  the  souter,  when  he  had  eaten  a  cow  a*  but  the 

tail. 
Sonters  an*  taylors  count  hours. 
Souter  shou'd  na  gae  ayont  their  last. 
Souters  shou'd  na  be  sailors  that  can  neither  steer  nor  row. 
Some  body  may  come  to  kame  your  head  backwards. 
Stuffing  bads  out  storms. 
Slaw  at  meat,  slaw  at  wark. 
Slander  leaves  a  slur. 

T. 

Tak  it  a',  an'  pay  the  merchant, 

Tak  the  bit  an*  the  buffet  wi't. 

Tak  a  pint,  an'  'gree,  the  law's  costly. 

Tak  yoiur  ain  will,  an*  then  yell  no  die  o'  the  pet. 

Tak  your  venture,  as  mony  a  gude  ship  has  done. 

Tak  your  thanks  to  feed  your  cat. 

Tak  a  hair  o'  the  dog  that  bit  you. 

Tak  me  na  up  afore  I  fa'. 

Tell  nae  tales  out  o*  the  school. 

That's  a  tale  o'  twa  drinks. 

That*8  but  ae  doctor's  opinion. 

That's  for  the  father,  but  ufe  for  the  son. 

That's  for  that,  as  butter's  for  fish. 

That's  my  tale,  whar's  yours  7 

That's  the  piece  a  step-bairn  ne'er  gets. 

The  auld  aver  may  die  waiting  for  new  grass. 

The  back  an'  the  belly  baud  every  ane  busy. 

The  book  o'  Maybees  is  very  braid. 


SCOTTISH  PBOVXBBS.  257 

riie  banes  o*  a  great  estate  are  worth  the  piking. 

The  cause  is  gude,  an'  the  word^s  fa*  on. 

The  cure  may  be  war  than  the  disease. 

The  cow  that's  first  up  gets  the  first  o'  the  dew. 

The  death  o'  the  first  wife  made  sic  a  hole  in  his  heart  that  a' 

the  ItLve  slipt  easily  through. 
The  first  ^np  o'  a  fat  haggis  is  the  banldest. 
The  farther  in  the  deeper. 
The  feathers  bear  awa'  the  flesh. 
The  happy  man  canna  be  berried. 
The  king's  errand  may  come  in  the  cadger's  gate. 
The  lazy  roan's  the  beggar's  brither. 
The  lucky  pennyworth  sells  soonest. 
The  langest  day  will  hae  an  end. 
The  laird  may  be  laired,  an'  need  his  hind's  help. 
The  mawt  is  aboon  the  meal  wi'  him. 
The  mair  noble  the  mair  humble. 
The  mair  mischief  the  better  sport. 
The  pain  o'ergangs  the  profit. 
The  poor  man's  aye  put  to  the  warst. 
The  poor  man  pays  for  a'. 
The  poor  man's  shilling  is  but  a  penny. 
The  strangest  horse  loups  the  dike. 
The  scholar  may  war  the  master. 
The  smith  has  ay  a  spark  i'  his  hause. 
The  simple  man's  the  beggar's  brither. 
The  thiefer  hke  the  better  sodger. 
The  thing  that's  done  is  na  to  do. 
The  tod  keeps  ay  his  ain  hole  clean. 
The  tod's  whelps  are  ill  to  tame. 
The  tod  ne'er  fares  better  than  when  he's  bann*d. 
The  worth  o'  a  thing  is  best  ken'd  by  the  want  o*t. 
The  warld  is  bound  to  nae  man. 
The  unsonsy  fish  gets  the  unlucky  bait. 
There  is  mony  a  true  tale  tauld  in  jest. 
There  is  a  measure  in  a'  things. 
There  is  naething  illWd  that's  no  ill  ta'en. 
Tliere  was  a  wife  that  kept  her  supper  for  her  break  fast,  an* 

she  was  dead  or  day. 
There  was  ne'er  enough  whar  naething  was  left. 
There  is  skill  in  gruel  making. 


258  BOOTTIBH  f  B0YXRB8. 

There  is  a  time  to  gley,  an'  a  time  to  look  PTen* 

There  is  a  great  differ  atween  market  days. 

There  is  an  end  o'  an  auld  sang. 

There  is  ay  life  for  a  living  man. 

There  is  an  act  i'  the  laird  o'  Orant's  court,  that  no  aboon 

eleven  speak  at  anes. 
There  are  mae  married  than  good  house-hauders. 
There  ne'er  came  ill  after  gude  advisement. 
There  is  fey  blude  i'  your  head. 
There  grows  nae  grass  at  the  cross. 
There  is  life  in  a  mussel  as  lang  as  she  cheeps. 
There  is  little  to  sew  wh^  taylors  are  true. 
They  are  ay  gude  that  are  far  awa'. 
They  are  na  a'  saints  that  get  haly  water. 
They  loo  me  for  little  that  hate  me  for  nought. 
They  that  gie  you  hinder  yon  to  buy. 
They  that  burn  you  for  a  witch  lose  a*  their  coals. 
They  that  drink  langest  live  langest. 
They  that  lie  down  fbr  luve  shou*d  rise  for  hunger* 
They  were  scant  o'  bairns  that  brought  you  up. 
They  wist  as  well  that  dinna  speer. 
They  that  bourd  wi'  cats  maun  count  upo'  scarta. 
They  are  eith  hindered  that  are  na  furdersome. 
Thistles  are  a  salad  for  asses. 
Thole  weel  is  gude  for  burning. 
Till  ither  tinkler's  ill  mawt  ye  'gree. 
Time  tint  is  ne'er  to  be  found. 
Time  an'  thinking  tame  the  strangest  grief. 
Tine  heart  an'  a's  gane. 
Tine  thimble,  tine  thrift 
True  blue  will  ne'er  stain. 
Truth  an'  honesty  keep  the  crown  o'  the  causey. 
Try  your  freend  or  you  need  him. 
Twa  words  maun  gang  to  that  bai^n. 
Twa  wits  are  better  than  ane. 
The  mair  haste  the  war  speed. 
Tide  an'  time  bide  nae  man. 

Twa  daughters  an'  a  back-door  are  three  stark  thieves. 
There  was  ne'er  a  cake  but  it  had  a  mak. 
There  came  ne'er  a  hearty  fart  out  o'  a  wran'a  •— \i 
Toom  bags  rattle. 


BCOTTUH  FBOTSBB8.  259 

The  thing  that's  fristed  is  na  forgi'en. 

Tak  part  o'  the  pelf  when  the  pack's  dealing. 

Tramp  on  a  snail  an'  she'll  shoot  oat  her  homa. 

They  are  lightly  herried  that  hae  a'  their  ain. 

There  is  little  for  the  rake  after  the  hesom. 

They  huy  gude  cheap  that  bring  naething  hame. 

Thraw  the  wand  while  its  green. 

The  souter's  wife's  warst  shod. 

The  taylor's  wife's  warst  clad. 

The  warst  warld  that  ere  was  some  man  wan. 

They  will  ken  by  a  bawbee  if  a  priest  will  tak  offering. 

'"ime  tries  a*. 

ihe  weeds  o'ergrow  the  com. 

Tak  time  when  time  is,  for  time  will  awa'. 

The  piper  wants  meikle  that  wants  his  nether  chafts. 

They  are  weelcome  that  bring. 

The  langer  we  live  we  see  the  mae  ferlies. 

There  are  mony  sooth  words  spoken  in  bouidiDg. 

There  is  nae  thief  without  a  resetter. 

There  is  mony  a  fair  thing  fa'  fa'se. 

There's  nae  man  sae  deaf  as  he  that  winna  hear. 

There  ne'er  was  a  fair  word  in  flyting. 

The  mou'  that  lies  slays  the  saul. 

Trot  father,  trot  mither,  how  can  foal  amble  f 

They  were  ne'er  fain  that  fidg'd,  nor  fu*  that  licked  dishet* 

Twa  wolves  may  worry  ae  sheep. 

Twa  fools  in  ae  house  are  a  couple  o'er  mony. 

The  day  has  een,  the  night  has  ears. 

The  tree  fa's  na  at  the  first  stroke. 

The  mair  ye  tramp  on  a  t — d  it  grows  the  braider. 

There's  nane  without  a  faut. 

The  de'il's  a  busy  bishop  in  his  ain  diocese. 

There's  nae  freend  to  a  freend  in  mister. 

There's  nae  fool  to  an  auld  fool. 

Touch  a  gaw*d  horse  on  the  back  an'  he  will  fling. 

There's  remeid  for  a'  things  but  stark  deatli. 

There's  nae  medicine  for  fear. 

The  weakest  gaes  to  the  wa'. 

Thoa  will  get  nae  mair  o*  the  cat  but  the  skin. 

There's  mair  maidens  nor  maukins. 

They  laugh  ay  that  win. 

Twa  bits  are  better  nor  ane. 


iGO  B0OTTI8H  PBOYIBB^ 

They  pat  at  the  cart  that's  ay  ga'en. 

Three  may  keep  counBel  if  twa  be  awa'. 

They  are  gude  mly  o'  their  horse  that  hae  nane. 

The  mae  the  merner,  the  fewer  the  better  cheer. 

The  blind  horse  is  the  hardiest. 

There  are  mae  ways  to  the  wood  nor  aue. 

There  are  meikle  atween  word  an'  deed. 

They  that  speir  meikle  will  get  wot  o'  part. 

The  less  play  the  better. 

The  mair  cost  the  mair  honour. 

There's  naething  mair  predoas  nor  time. 

True  luye*s  kythe  in  time  o'  need. 

There  are  mony  fair  words  i'  the  marriage-making*  bat  few  l 

the  tocher>gude  paying. 
The  higher  ap  the  greater  fa'. 

The  mither  o'  a'  mischief  is  nae  mair  nor  a  midge  wing. 
There  is  little  sap  in  dry  pea-hools. 
This  bolt  came  ne'er  out  o'  your  bag. 
Thy  tongue  is  nae  scandal. 

Tak  him  up  there  wi'  his  five  eggs,  an'  four  o'  them  rotten. 
The  next  time  ye  dance,  ken  wha  ye  tak  by  the  hand. 
The  goose-pan*s  aboon  the  roast. 
Thy  thumb  is  under  my  belt. 
There's  a  dog  i'  the  well. 
Touch  me  na  on  the  sair  heel. 
The  shots  o*ergae  the  auld  swine. 
Tak  a  man  by  his  word,  an'  a  cow  by  her  horn. 
There's  meikle  hid  meat  in  a  goose  ee. 
They  had  ne'er  an  ill  day  that  had  a  gude  e'en. 
There  belangs  mair  to  a  bed  nor  four  bare  legs. 
The  greatest  clerks  are  na  the  wisest  men. 
The  grace  o'  God  is  gear  enough. 
The  wise  mak  jests,  an'  fools  repeat  them. 
Twa  hungry  meltiths  mak  the  third  a  glutton. 
This  warld  winua  last  ay. 
The  de'il  an'  the  dean  begin  wi'  ae  letter ;  when  the  de'il  ha» 

the  dean  the  kirk  will  be  the  better. 
There's  naething  sae  crouse  as  a  new  washen  louse. 
They  are  as  wise  as  speir  na. 
They  roense  little  the  mou'  that  bite  aff  the  head. 
They  gae  near  my  a —  that  steal  my  hippen. 


SCOTTISH  PBOTBBBS.  26\ 

U. 

Undeb  water  dearth,  under  snaw  bread* 
Use  maks  perfytneas. 

W. 

Waitt  o'  wit  is  war  than  want  o'  wealth. 

Wealth  i'  the  widow's  house,  kail  but  saut* 

Weelcome  is  the  best  dish  i'  the  kitchen. 

Weel»  quoth  Willy,  when  his  wife  dang  him. 

Weel  is  that  weel  does. 

Were  it  na  for  hope,  the  heart  wa'd  brak. 

We'll  ne'er  ken  the  worth  o'  the  water  till  the  well  gae  dry. 

We  are  ay  to  lear  as  lang  as  we  live. 

We  can  poind  for  debt,  but  no  for  unkindness. 

We  can  shape  their  wylie  coat,  but  no  their  weird. 

Well  ne'er  big  sandy  bourrocks  thegither. 

We'll  bark  ourselyes  ere  we  buy  dogs  sae  dear. 

We  canna  baith  sup  an'  blaw. 

We  maun  liTe  by  the  living,  an'  no  by  the  dead. 

We  are  bound  to  be  honest,  but  no  to  be  rich. 

Wha  invited  you  to  the  roast  T 

Wha  can  haad  what  will  awa'  f 

Wha  dar  bell  the  cat  T 

Wha  can  help  misluck  f 

Wha  comes  aftner,  an'  brings  less  f 

What  we  first  lear  we  best  ken. 

What  the  ee  sees  na  the  heart  rues  na. 

What  ye  vnn  at  that  ye  may  lick  aff  a  hat  girdle. 

What  carlins  bain,  cats  eat. 

What's  my  case  the  day  may  be  your's  the  mom. 

What's  war  than  ill  luck  7 

When  ae  door  steeks  anither  opens. 

When  my  head's  down  my  house  is  theekit. 

When  the  cow*s  in  a  clout  she's  soon  picked  out. 

When  poverty  comes  in  at  the  door  freendship  flees  out  at  the 

window. 
When  a'  freets  fail,  fire's  gude  for  the  fearcy. 
When  a  ewe*s  drown' d  she's  dead. 
When  you  are  serv'd  a'  the  geese  are  watered. 
When  ye're  ga'en  an'  coming,  the  gate's  na  toonu 


252  SCOTTISH  FROTEEBS. 

When  he  dies  for  age  ye  may  quale  for  fear. 

When  you  are  weel,  haud  yourself  sae. 

Whar  the  buck's  bound  there  he  niiiun  bleet. 

Whar  drums  beat  laws  are  dumb. 

Wee  things  fley  cowards. 

Wilfu*  waste  males  waefu'  want. 

Will  a  fool's  feather  i'  my  cap  gar  my  pat  play* 

Will  an'  wit  strive  wi'  ye. 

Wink  at  wee  fauts,  your  ain  are  meikle. 

Wise  men  may  be  whilly'd  wi'  wiles. 

Wit  bought  is  worth  twa  for  nought. 

Work  for  nought  maks  fowk  dead  sweer. 

Wrang  has  nae  warrant. 

Whar  the  deer's  slain  some  o'  the  blood  will  lie. 

When  drink's  in  wit's  out. 

When  the  steed's  stown  steek  the  stable-door. 

When  the  tod  preaches  bewar  o'  the  hens. 

When  the  cap's  fu'  carry  it  even. 

What  better  is  the  house  that  the  daw  rises  soon  *' 

When  thieves  reckon  leal  fowk  come  to  their  gear. 

When  Fm  dead  mak  me  cawdle. 

When  the  heart's  fu'  the  tongue  vdll  speak. 

When  the  craw  flees  her  tail  follows. 

Wrang  connt  is  nae  payment. 

Whiles  you,  whiles  I,  sae  gangs  the  bailliai^. 

When  the  heart's  fu'  o'  lust  the  mou's  fu  o  leasiii^. 

What  need  a  rich  man  be  a  thief  ? 

What  canna  be  cured  maun  be  endured. 

When  thy  neeghbour's  house  is  in  danger  tak  care  6'  yonr  an 

When  ilka  ane  gets  their  ain  the  thief  will  get  the  widdy. 

When  the  iron  is  hat  it's  time  to  strike. 

When  the  wame's  fu'  the  banes  wa'd  be  at  rest. 

Wham  Qtod.  vrill  help  nane  can  bender. 

When  a'  men  speak  nae  man  hears. 

When  the  well's  fu'  it  vnll  rin  o'er. 

When  the  gudeman's  awa'  the  braid-clfuth's  tint* 

When  the  &;udewife'«  awa'  the  keys  are  tint. 

Whar  stands  your  great  horse  f 

Whar  the  pig's  broken  let  the  sherds  lie. 

When  freends  meet  hearts  warm. 

Weapons  bode  peace. 


SCOTTISH  PBOTBBBS.  263 

Wile*  help  weak  fowk. 

Words  are  bat  wind,  but  dunts  are  the  de  il. 

Wark  bears  witness  wha  weel  does. 

Wealth  gars  wit  wayer. 

Weel  bides  weel  betides. 

When  a  fool  finds  a  horse-shoe,  he  thinks  ay  the  like  to  do. 

Wi'  empty  hand  nae  man  shouM  hawks  allure. 

Weel  kens  the  mouse  when  the  cat*s  out  o'  the  house. 

Weel  war  a'  that  gars  the  plough  draw. 

We  hounds  slew  the  hare,  quo*  the  messon. 

Wonder  lasts  but  nine  nights  in  a  town. 

Women  an*  bairns  lein  what  they  ken  na. 

Wont  beguiled  the  lady. 

Wanken  na  sleeping  dogs. 

Whoredom  an'  grace  can  ne*er  stay  in  ae  place. 

We  hae  a  craw  to  pluck. 

Weel  gude  mither  daughter. 

Wood  in  wilderness,  an'  strength  in  a  fool. 

Wit  in  a  poor  man's  head  an*  moss  on  a  mountain  avails  nae> 

thing. 
Weels  him  and  waes  him  that  has  a  bishop  in  his  kin. 

Y. 

Ts  breed  o'  the  coVs  tail,  ye  grow  backward. 

Ye  breed  o'  foul  weather,  ye  come  unsent  for. 

Ye  breed  o'  the  chapman,  ye're  ay  to  hansel. 

Ye  breed  o'  few  of  the  laird's  tenants,  o'er  hat. 

Ye  breed  o*  gude  mawt,  ye're  lang  a-coming. 

Ye  crack  crously  wi'  your  bannet  on. 

Ye  cut  afore  the  point. 

Ye  come  a  day  after  the  fair. 

Ye  canna  mak  a  silk  purse  o*  a  sow's  lug. 

Ye  canna  see  the  wood  for  trees. 

You  canna  fare  weel  but  you  cry  roast  meat. 

Ye  came  a  clipping  time. 

Ye  canna  preach  out  o'  your  ain  poupit. 

Ye  come  to  the  gait's  house  to  thig  woo. 

Ye  canna  do  bat  ye  o*er  do. 

Ye  drive  the  plough  afore  the  owsen. 

Ye  dinna  ken  whar  a  blessuig  may  light. 

Ye  drew  na  sae  wed  when  my  mare  was  i'  the  nure« 


264  SCOTTISH  PB0TXBB8. 

Ye  fand  it  whar  the  highlant  man  fand  the  tangs* 

Ye  glowr'd  at  the  moon,  an*  fell  on  the  midden. 

Ye  glowr  like  a  wild  cat  out  o*  a  whin  boah. 

Ye  gae  far  about  seeking  the  neereat. 

Ye  hae  ran  lang  on  little  ground. 

Ye  hae  o'er  foul  feet  to  come  sae  far  ben. 

Ye  hae  gotten  a  ravel'd  hasp  o*t. 

Ye  hae  ta'en  the  measure  o  his  fit. 

Ye  hae  o'er  meikle  loose  leather  about  your  chafU» 

Ye  hae  tint  your  ain  stomach,  and  found  a  tike's. 

Ye  hae  put  a  toom  spoon  i'  my  mou\ 

Ye  hae  fasted  lang,  an'  worried  on  a  midge. 

Ye  hae  naething  to  do,  but  suck  an'  wag  your  tail. 

Ye  hae  tint  the  tongue  o*  the  trump. 

Ye  hae  staid  lang,  an'  brought  little  wi'  ye. 

Ye  hae  ta'en  upo'  you  as  the  wife  did  the  dancing. 

Ye  hae  the  wrang  sow  by  the  lug. 

Ye  ken  what  drinkers  dree. 

Ye  ken  na  wha  may  cool  your  kail  yet. 

Ye  liye  at  the  lug  o'  the  law. 

Ye'll  neither  dance,  nor  hand  the  candle. 

Ye*ll  na  sell  your  hen  in  a  rainy  day. 

Ye'U  ne'er  cast  saut  on  his  tail. 

Ye'U  na  herry  yoursel  wi'  your  ain  hands. 

Ye  look  liker  a  thief  than  a  bishop. 

Ye  let  little  gae  by  you,  unless  it  be  the  swallow. 

Ye  may  gang  farther  an'  fare  war. 

Ye  may  be  heard  whar  ye're  na'  seen. 

Ye  may  dight  your  neb,  an'  flee  up. 

Ye  maun  tak  tne  will  for  the  deed. 

Ye  mete  my  pease  by  your  ain  peck. 

Ye'll  ne'er  die  on  your  ain  assise. 

Ye'll  drink  afore  me. 

Ye'll  find  him  whar  ye  left  him. 

Ye  may  tak  the  head  for  the  washing. 

Ye'll  get  the  cat  wi'  the  twa  tails. 

Ye'll  beguile  nane  but  them  that  lippen  to  yon* 

Ye'll  mend  when  ye  grow  better. 

Ye'll  ne'er  be  sae  auld  wi'  sae  meikle  honesty. 

Ye  ne'er  saw  green  cheese  but  your  een  reel'd. 

Ye  ne'er  coft  the  cat's  saut  yet. 


BOOTTISn  PROYEBBS.  265 

Ye*re  aa  daft  as  Ye*re  days  auld. 

Ye're  a  gude  seeker,  but  an  ill  finder. 

Ye're  nae  chicken  for  a'  your  cheeping. 

Ye're  Uke  Macky*s  mare,  ye  brak  fairly  ail. 

Te*re  gade  enough,  but  ye're  na  braw  new. 

Ye*re  na  sae  poor  as  ye  peep. 

Ye're  wed  awa',  if  ye  bide,  an'  we're  weel  quat. 

Ye're  o'  sae  mony  minds  ye'U  ne'er  be  marry' d. 

Ye* re  ne'er  pleas'd,  fa'  nor  fasting. 

Ye're  unco  gude,  an'  ye'll  grow  fair. 

Ye're  sair  fash*d  handing  naething  thegither. 

Ye're  na  fed  wi'  deaf  nuts. 

Ye're  sick,  but  no  sair  handled. 

Ye're  busy  seeking  the  thing  that's  na  tint. 

Ye're  like  the  hens,  ye  rin  ay  to  the  heap. 

Ye're  fley*d  o*  the  day  ye  ne'er  saw. 

Ye're  best  when  ye're  sleeping. 

Ye're  a  sweet  nut,  if  ye  were  weel  crack*  d. 

Ye're  na  light  whar  ye  lean  a'. 

Ye're  Davy  do  a'  thing,  an'  gude  at  naething. 

Ye're  come  o'  the  house  o'  Harletillim. 

Ye're  hat  yet,  an'  your  belt's  hale. 

Ye  soon  weary  o'  weel-doing. 

Ye'se  get  brose  out  o'  the  lee  side  o'  the  pat. 

Ye  shape  my  shoon  by  your  ain  shachled  feet. 

Your  tongue  rins  ay  idfbre  your  wit. 

Ye  wa'd  na  mak  meikle  o'  me  if  I  were  youra. 

Ye  was  na  bom  at  that  time  o'  the  year. 

Young  fowk  may  die,  an'  auld  fowk  maun  die. 

Young  ducks  may  be  auld  geese. 

Your  meal's  a'  deagh. 

Your  head  will  ne'er  fill  your  father's  bannet. 

Your  thrift's  as  gude  as  Uie  profit  o*  a  yeeld  hen. 

Your  wame  thinks  your  wizen's  cut. 

Your  purse  was  steekit  when  that  was  paid  for. 

Your  gear  will  near  o'er-gang  you. 

Your  minnie's  milk  is  na  out  o'  your  nose  vet. 

Ye'U  brak  your  neck  as  soon  as  your  fiast  i  his  home. 

Ye  striTe  against  the  stream. 

Youth  ne'er  casts  for  peril. 

Te  seek  hat  water  under  cauld  ice. 


266  8COTTI8H  PE0TEBB8. 

Ye  drive  a  snail  to  Rome. 

Ye  ride  a  bootleu  errand. 

Ye  seek  grace  at  a  graceless  face. 

Ye  learn  your  father  to  get  bairns. 

Ye  breed  o'  the  cat,  you  wa*d  fain  hae  fish,  but  you  hae  uae 

will  to  weet  your  feet. 
Ye  breed  o'  the  gowk,  ye  hae  ne'er  a  rhyme  but  ane. 
Ye  shou'd  be  a  king  o'  your  word. 
Ye'll  get  war  bodes  e'er  Belton. 
Ye  may  drink  o'  the  bum  but  no  bite  o'  the  brae. 
Ye  wa  d  do  little  for  God  if  the  de'il  were  dead. 
Ye  hae  a  nice  to  God  an*  anither  to  the  de'il. 
Ye  hae  a  ready  mou'  for  a  ripe  cherry. 
Ye  breed  o'  the  miller's  dog,  ye  lick  your  lips  ere  the  pock  be 

opened. 
Tour  winning  is  na  mjr  tini«l. 


BBITISfl  rB0T£BB8.  267 


BEITISH  OR  WELSH  PROVERBS. 

Who  hath  God,  hath  all ;  who  hath  him  not,  hath  leaa  thai 

nothing. 
No  mirth  good  but  with  God. 
Faults  are  thick  where  love  ia  thin. 
A  fair  promise  makes  a  fool  merry. 
Scatter  with  one  hand,  gather  with  two. 
A  fool  will  laugh  when  he  is  drowning. 
Good  ia  God,  and  long  is  eternity. 
Ill  doth  the  devil  preserve  his  servants. 
Bad  is  a  bad  servant,  but  'tis  worse  being  without  hJm« 
Every  man's  neighbour  is  his  looking-glass. 
Every  poor  man  is  counted  a  fool. 
He  was  slain  that  had  warning,  not  he  that  took  i^ 
A  man's  wealth  is  his  enemy. 
The  nimblest  footman  is  a  false  tale. 
Too  much  cunning  undoes. 
Gk>od,  thoagh  long  staid  for,  is  good. 
Better  one  braggadocio  than  two  fighters. 
He  that  has  store  of  bread  may  beg  his  milk  memiy. 
The  kinsman's  ear  will  hear  it. 
The  wise  and  the  fool  have  their  fellows. 
No  power,  no  respect. 

He  loses  many  a  good  bit  that  strives  with  his  betters* 
The  barley-corn  is  the  heart's  key. 
Power  weakeneth  the  vricked. 
A  sober  man,  a  soft  answer. 
Bad  words  make  a  woman  worse. 
A  horn  heard  soon,  though  hardly  seen. 
God  arms  the  harmless. 

Refuse  a  wife  with  one  fault,  and  take  one  vrith  two* 
Dry  over  head  happy. 
Man's  best  candle  is  his  understanding. 
The  best  surgeon  is  he  of  the  soul. 
A  false  report  rides  post. 
Deep  lies  the  heart's  language. 
Woe  to  the  mule  that  sees  not  her  master. 


2G8  BBITI8H  PBOYIRat 

The  wont  store  is  a  maid  anbestowed. 
Better  keep  now  than  seek  anon. 
Better  penny  in  silver  than  any  brother. 
Respect  a  man*  he  will  do  the  more. 
Better  a  beast  sold  than  bought 
Better  the  harm  I  know  than  that  I  know  uot- 
Lonff  a  widow  weds  with  shame. 
Mair  s  life  is  filed  by  his  foe. 
God  stays  long,  but  strikes  at  last. 
Misfortunes  come  by  forties. 
Single  long,  shame  at  last. 
Fools  refuse  favours. 

Arthur  could  not  tame  a  woman's  tongue. 
What  God  made  he  never  mars. 
No  ruler  good  save  Grod. 
A  fortunate  boor  needs  but  be  bom. 
No  speech  good  but  of  God. 
No  advice  to  a  father's. 
No  foolery  to  falling  out. 
Vilify  not  your  parish  priest. 
No  wisdom  to  silence. 
No  riches  to  sobriety. 
No  negligence  to  the  magistrate's. 
No  secrets  but  between  two. 
A  woman's  strength  is  in  her  tongue. 

If  thou  be  a  stranger  be  merry,  and  give  the  first  good  mor- 
row. 
All  cry,  Fie  on  the  fool. 
Little  mischief,  too  much. 
The  older  the  Welshman  the  more  madman. 
The  trap  to  the  high-bom  is  ambition. 
A  bribe,  I  know,  is  a  juggling  knave. 
The  hand  that  gives  gathers. 
The  higher  the  fool  the  greater  the  fall. 
He  that  shoots  always  right  forfeits  his  arrow. 
Counsel  never  out  of  date. 

.lave  a  horse  of  thine  own,  and  thou  may'st  borrow  another's 
Thy  hand  is  never  the  worse  for  doing  thy  owd  work. 
ArUiur  himself  had  but  his  time. 
Only  the  rich  fool  is  said  to  speak  sense. 
Wild  and  stout  never  wants  a  staff. 


BBITI8H  PBOTXBBB.  269 

Little  between  right  and  wrong. 

The  lame  returns  sooner  than  his  Reirmut. 

Earth  is  the  best  shelter. 

Truth  is  the  best  buckler. 

No  weeping  for  shed  milk. 

Lug  and  h^e,  it  will  not  hold  long. 

What  is  not  wisdom  is  danger. 

A  work  ill  done  mnst  be  twice  done. 

Wise  words  and  great  seldom  agree. 

If  thou  play  the  fool,  stay  for  a  fellow. 

A  scholar  may  be  gulled  thrice ;  a  soldier  bat  once. 

Bad  to  care  no  more  than  for  to-morrow. 

The  devil  is  a  most  bad  master. 

Do  good,  and  then  do  it  again. 

Heaven  is  mine  if  God  doth  say  Amen. 

Well  goes  the  case  where  wisdom  counsels. 

Better  God  than  gold. 

Each  bird  loves  to  hear  himself  sing. 

A  fool  will  not  be  foiled. 

A  good  friend  never  offends. 

Too  much  is  stark  naught. 

None  patient  but  the  wise. 

Learn  not,  and  know  not. 

No  folly  to  being  in  love. 

No  joy  to  heaven's. 

No  deceit  to  the  world's. 

In  every  fault  there  is  folly. 

Clear  conscience,  a  sure  card. 

As  long  as  a  Welsh  pedigree. 

Anglesey  is  the  mother  of  Wales. 

King  Arthur  did  not  violate  the  refuge  of  a  womao 

The  Welshman  keeps  nothing  till  he  has  lost  it. 

He  that  would  be  a  head  let  him  be  a  bridge. 

To  escape  Cluyd,  and  be  drowned  in  Conwaj. 

Powis  is  the  paradise  of  Wales. 

Arthur  was  not  but  whikt  he  was. 

There's  more  than  one  yew-bow  in  Cheatet . 


270  PBOTSSBS. 


THE  FOLLOWING  PBOVEBBS  ABE  PBESUMED  TO  BE 

IBISH. 

Shs  is  like  a  Waterford  heifer,  beef  to  the  heels.  ^ 

He  is  like  a  Waterford  merchant,  up  to  the  a —  in  business. 

His  eyes  are  like  two  burnt  holes  in  a  blanket. 

Full  of  fun  and  foustre,  like  Mooney's  goose. 

He  looks  as  angry  as  if  he  was  vexed. 

'Tis  as  bad  as  cheating  the  devil  in  the  dark,  and  two  farthing 

candles  for  a  hal^enny.  i 

A  wild  goose  never  laid  a  tame  egg.  L 

He'd  skm  a  louse,  and  send  the  hide  and  fat  to  market 


DANISH  PBOVEBBS. 

To-DAT  gold,  to-morrow  dust. 

The  Finlanden  say,  To-day  well,  to-aiorrow  oold  in  the  mouth :  Ti 
pan  culdOf  kmmeri  mutda. 

Without  favour  art  is  like  a  windmill  without  wina. 
No  and  yes  often  cause  long  disputes. 
An  injury  foi^ven  is  better  than  an  injury  revenged. 
It  is  good  fasting  when  the  table  is  covered  with  fish. 
The  devil  always  leaves  a  stink  behind  him. 
Better  bend  the  neck  than  bruise  the  forehead. 
A  cake  eaten  in  peace  is  better  than  two  in  trouble. 
Though  poverty  may  bring  sorrow,  riches  create  inquietude. 
Unanimity  is  the  best  fortress. 
Bare  commodities  are  worth  more  than  good. 
The  Dutch  say,  Wa^^  vIom  m  tm^  groot  geU^  kbm  g9wm» 


PBOTSSBft.  271 


EASTEBX  PBOYEBBB. 

Tithe  and  be  rich. 

In  Golgotha  are  BkuUs  of  all  sizes. 

€rod  and  men  think  him  a  fool  who  brags  of  his  own  great 
wisdom. 

Defaming  or  slandering  others  is  the  greatest  of  all  sins.   , 

Neither  speak  well  nor  ill  of  yourself.  If  well,  men  will  not 
believe  you ;  if  ill»  they  wUl  believe  a  great  deal  more  than 
you  say. 

He  is  miserable  once  who  feels  it ;  but  twice,  who  fears  it 
before  it  comes. 

The  truest  wealth  is  that  of  the  understanding. 

Silence  is  wisdom,  and  gets  a  man  friends. 

Speak  well  even  to  bad  men. 

He  who  repeats  the  ill  he  hears  of  another,  is  the  true  slan- 
derer. 

Knowledge  is  a  second  light,  and  hath  bright  eyes. 

Provide  for  thy  soul  by  doing  good  works. 

Consider  well,  and  oft,  why  thou  camest  into  this  world,  and 
how  soon  thou  must  go  out  of  it. 

A  lie,  though  it  promise  good,  will  do  thee  harm  ;  and  truth 
will  do  thee  good  at  the  last. 

A  wise  man  gets  learning  from  those  who  have  none  them- 
selves. 

A  man's  folly  is  his  worst  foe,  and  his  discretion  his  best 
friend. 

When  a  wise  man  errs  he  errs  with  a  vengeance. 

He  who  sows  thorns  will  never  reap  grapes. 

The  wise  man  knows  the  fool,  but  the  fool  doth  not  know  the 
wise  man. 

The  Most  High  God  sees,  and  bears :  my  neighbour  knows 
nothing,  and  yet  is  always  finding  fault.     Per, 

There  is  a  devil  in  every  berry  of  the  grape,     lurk. 

God  loves  good  accounts. 

One  man  may  teach  another  to  speak ;  but  none  can  teach 
another  to  hold  his  peace.     Pol 


279  HEBiL/.fr  PBOTBEBS. 


ADAGIA  HEBIIAICA.-HEBBEW  PBOYBRBa 

;  wo  n^3  h^n  KnK  nUI  n*:p    The  axe  goes  to  the  wood 
from  whence  it  borrowed  its  helve. 

It  is  used  against  those  who  are  iojurious  to  those  from  whom  they  are 
derived,  or  from  whom  they  have  received  their  power. 

:  *nonD  i?  tto  pin  irimn  t6  nom  y:m  in  t^  now  dk 

If  any  say,  that  one  of  thine  ears  is  the  ear  of  an  ass,  re- 
gard it  not :  if  he  say  so  of  them  both,  procure  thyself  a 
bridle. 

That  is,  it  is  time  to  arm  ourselves  with  patience  when  we  are  greatly 
reproached. 

:  p^DDDT  n^nD  "lO^n  v6  paiK  nn  n^Kt  N^pnn     Do  not  speak 
of  secret  matters  in  a  field  that  is  full  of  little  hills. 
Because  it  u  possible  somebody  may  lie  hid  there,  and  hear  what  is  taid. 

:  DnniD  H^OKK'  wnano  nai^y     That  city  is  in  a  bad  case 
whose  physician  hath  the  gout. 

:  K*D«  KHD  fiS^Tl  TP3  "Tnn  ^K    Do  not  dwell  in  a  city  whoso 
governor  is  a  physician. 

:  n^^  np  kd«^  n^r^  kd«  ^B^5>n  ^3*3  ;kpt  kdk    A  myrtle 

standing  amone  nettles,  does  notwithstanding  retain  the 
name  of  a  myrtle. 

:  133  ^inn  lA  pn  ma  n*K1  inwa    «.  e.   Where  there  is  a 

man,  there  do  not  thou  show  thyself  a  man. 

The  meaning  i^  that  it  becomes  us  not  to  intermeddle  in  an  office  where 
there  is  abeady  such  good  provision  made  that  there  is  no  need  of  our  helix 

:  K:aCin  m  *3K1  ^^*D  KItDin  aaw    t.  e.  At  the  door  of  the 

fold,  wordt ;  within  the  fold,  an  account 

The  shepherd  does  with  fair  words  call  back  his  frigitive  sheep  to  the 
door  of  the  fold ;  but  when  he  gets  them  in,  he  punisheth  them  for  stniy- 
mg  away.  It  is  applicable  to  what  may  be  expected  from  our  govemora 
against  whom  we  have  rebelled. 

:  *y Viaa  n^nnw  npa  imw    i.e.  He  is  pleased  with  gourds, 
and  his  wife  with  cucumbers. 

A  proverb  bv  which  i.  expresied,  that  both  the  man  and  hit  wib  mo 
vioiona  much  alikeu 


HEBREW   PaOTERTW.  273 

i  imso  pDKI  KD3  K^«  TDK  n"«DKT  K03  K^     t.  tf.  It  is  not 
as  thy  mother  says,  but  as  thy  neighbours  say. 
The  miMtnmg  is,  that  we  are  not  to  regard  the  pnusei  of  a  near  relation, 
bat  to  listen  to  what  is  said  by  the  neighbourhood. 

:dtb  Kn^ma  la  nna  ^  m^3  la  na:    t.  e.  If  the  dog  bark, 

go  in ;  if  the  bitch  bark,  go  but. 

:  p*B3  ¥h  fcCaO  HUa  «l5^a  KS^DD    i .  e.  We  may  not  expect  a 
good  whelp  from  an  ill  dog. 

fMW  WaDI  3'D:  DDB^     «.  e.   Sichem  marries  the  wife  {viz. 
Dinah) ;  and  Mifgsus  is  circumcised  (t.  e.  punished). 
IkUrwU  Megea  pledwUur  AckivL 

:  MTlpl  MapM  non  K?Da    A  camel  in  Media  dances  in  a  little 
cab. 
This  proverb  is  used  against  those  who  teU  incredible  things. 

:  rr^D  pra  rvh  i^m  ^aniK  ^yv  W*p^  K^t«  ftAoa    «.  e.  The 

camel  going  to  seek  horns,  lost  his  ears. 
Against  those  who,  being  discontented  with  what  they  hare,  in  pursuit 
of  more,  lose  what  they  onoe  had. 

:  ^i}^7n  WIWD  ^3P1D01  ^DD  Aoa  IC^DJ     i,  e.  Many  old  camels 
carry  the  skins  of  the  young  ones  io  the  market. 

:  ViKb6  ^nxi  m^y^  KDIT  Kap^  Xai  Xap    «.  *.  The  great  cab 
and  the  little  cab  go  down  to  the  grave. 

:  nh  r^DK  jnD^x  p*a  laKT  j^td^x  ^k  na^a  njKT    «. «.  He 

that  hires  one  garden  {which  he  is  able  to  look  after)  eats 
birds ;  he  that  hires  more  than  one  will  be  eaten  by  the 
birds. 

:  lUaa  Kroa  DID^    ••  e.  As  is  the  garden  such  is  the  gardener. 

:  ron  Kn^aaiD  nnae^D  k5>  NDon  k^H  ik!?  ^k    ».  e.  If  I  had 

not  lifted  up  the  stone,  you  had  not  found  the  jewel. 
It  is  used  when  one  man  reaps  the  fruit  of  the  labours  of  another. 

:  in^;ip  ^rw  KOV  "hlV^    «. «.  When  the  sun  rises  the  disease 
will  abate. 

It  is  said  by  one  of  the  Jews,  that  there  was  a  precious  stone  which 
did  hang  on  the  neck  of  Abraham,  which  wben  the  sick  man  looked  on  he 
was  presently  healed :  and  that  when  Abraham  died,  Gh>d  placed  this  stone 
ill  the  sun.  This  is  thought  to  haye  giren  occasion  to  the  proverb  aboTe* 
named.    T. Jaurfoi/. Xearie. JBo^Mk tuiH^ce K7n. 

T 


274  HEBREW   PB0TEBB8. 

:  n^  1^3*  vh  HDbv  ^tt  T\'*^jn2  Wmao  n^  rvtin  t.  e.  Who- 
ever hath  a  divided  beard,  the  whole  world  will  not  prevail 
against  him. 

This  proTorb  is  used  of  those  who  are  canning ;  and  such  are  thoy 
thought  to  be  whose  beard  is  dirided,  which,  by  their  much  handling 
when  they  are  musing  and  thoughtful,  they  are  said  to  divide. 

:  wnene^  ina  Km  po  Knn*K  n*D3  wn  n*ra   «.  e.  Go  do^vn 

the  ladder  when  thou  marriest  a  wife ;  go  up  when  thou 
choosest  a  friend. 

The  m4'«"i«g  b,  that  we  should  not  marry  a  wife  above  our  rank,  though 
we  choose  such  a  friend. 

tVirn  161  pT    t.  e.  Rather  sell  than  be  poor. 

:  ^*lp^M  K*)3n  ptl  pT    »•  «•  He  that  buys  and  sells  is  called  a 
merchant. 
This  proverb  is  used  in  derision  of  those  who  buy  and  sell  to  their  loss. 

:  pT  na^DT  n^jrOK  fc«^m«    «.  «.  While  the  dust  is  cm  your  feet, 

sell  what  you  have  bought 

The  meaning  is,  that  we  should  sell  quickly  (though  with  light  gains), 
that  we  may  trade  for  more. 

J  D*«p  rVip'W  KIMK^  KlOin  pnr    t.  e.   Cast  your  staff  into 
the  air,  and  it  will  fall  upon  its  root,  or  hmvy  end. 
J^atwram  expellatfnrca  licet  usque  reeurreL 

:  n^^ptsh  n^nn^OI  n^ich  KTDH  t.  e.  The  wine  is  the  master's, 
but  the  goodness  of  it  is  the  butler*s. 

!  Dn^33  njn  KVOn  dSids  nion  nSr  DK  When  an  ass  climbs 
a  ladder,  we  may  find  wisdom  in  women. 

:  n^  n-np  ]iDn  nD^pns  i^^m  vnan   t.  e.  An  ass  is  cold  even 

in  the  summer  solstice. 

rhe  meaning  is,  that  some  men  are  so  unhappy  that  nothing  wiU  do 
them  good. 

:  teai  ion    i.  e.  Asinario  .  .  .   Camelarius. 

t.  e.  A  man  that  hath  the  care  of  leading  a  camel,  and  driving  an  ass. 
Such  a  man  is  in  the  midst,  and  knows  not  how  to  go  forward  or  back- 
ward ;  for  the  ass  will  not  lead,  nor  the  camel  be  driven.  It  is  applicable 
to  him  who  hath  to  do  with  two  persons  of  contrary  humours,  and  knows 
not  how  to  please  both,  nor  dares  he  displease  either  of  them. 

X  pnDnn*<J  riDro^  inao  t.  e.  They  had  thougUt  to  have  put 
others  into  a  sleeve,  and  they  are  put  in  themselvei. 


HEBBEW    FR0TBRB8.  275 

:  •3D*rT  rfyoy\  nnx  xa  nrma  idhd  ^ay   t.  e.  The  poor  man 

turns  his  cake,  and  another  comes  and  takes  it  away. 

•  \p  V  nnD  10*3  *1B^  «. «.  Open  thy  purse  (viz.  receive  thy 
money\  and  then  open  thy  sack ;  t.  e,  then  deliver  thy  goods. 

:]^3D  ^3  "h^W.  Waaa  xa^a  t.  «.  A  hungry  dog  will  eat 
dung. 

:  Kai^D^  «xa  nen  KhSd  pa  ».  e.  If  you  take  away  the  salt, 
you  may  throw  the  flesn  to  the  dogs. 

:  Ka?D  Ka^l  M^ay    t.  e.  The  servant  of  a  king  is  a  king. 

:  Kaba  na  na:  fe6i  k*did  na  5i*3V  k^t  xnoa  inn  ^h   «. «. 

Do  not  dwell  in  a  city  where  a  horse  does  not  neigh,  nor 

a  dog  bark. 

The  TTi^wing  is,  that  if  we  would  be  safe  from  danger,  we  miut  not  dweL 
in  a  city  where  theve  is  neither  horse  against  an  enemy,  nor  dogs  against 
thieves. 

:  Knn^n  a*D3  pno  Kjn*<  r^^  V'^P   ••  *•  ^^^®  ^****^  ^^^^  y^^ 

are  purchasing  a  field ;  but  when  you  are  to  marry  a  wife, 
be  slow 

:  HTl'DD  Kni33  Tay  K:y  ^  xnn  vm^  When  the  shepherd 
is  angry  with  his  sheep,  he  sends  them  a  blind  guide. 

IKDD'B^  «nn  TWn  fcma  «npy  nyca  i.e.  in  the  time  of  afflic- 
tion, a  vow  ;  in  the  time  of  prosperity,  an  inundation ;  or, 
a  greater  increase  of  tvickedness. 

The  devil  was  sick,  the  devil  a  monk  would  be ; 
The  devil  was  well,  the  devil  a  monk  was  he. 

:  Kn^aa  Kao  K3D'D  Kn^aa  nao    t.  e.  An  old  man  in  a  house 
is  a  good  sign  in  a  house. 
Old  men  are  fit  to  give  wise  oomiseL 

:  ma^op  nw^iO  TWVX^  ntb  nw  ».  e.  Woe  be  to  him  whose 
advocate  becomes  his  accuser. 

This  proverb  is  accommodable  to  various  purposes.    Ood  required  pro- 
pitiatory sacrifices  of  his  people :  when  they  offered  them  up  as  they 
ihould,  they  did  receive  their  pardon  upon  it;  but  if  tbey  offered  the 
blind  or  lame,  etc,  they  were  so  far  from  gaining  their  pardon,  that  they 
ncreased  their  guilt :  and  thus  their  advocate  became  their  accuser. 

Kaia  Dm  l^aia  K^naot  ly    t.  e.  While  thy  shoe  is  on  thy 
foot  tread  upon  the  thorns. 


27^  HEBREW  PBOrSRBS. 

n^U^  Vtyyff  ^yV    «.  «.  Your  Burety  wants  a  snretj. 

This  inorerb  is  used  of  an  inflrni  uimiiMiti  thmt  ii  not  niffieMul  u 
proTe  what  it  ia  alleged  for. 

:  D^miD  nWDD  KHDI  KmiDy  kid     ».  «.  One  bird  in  the  net 
is  better  than  a  hundred  fljing, 

:  ^p31  ^p    t.  e.  Little  and  good. 

:  fc6p  nn  ^"Wn  kS  n*3D  rvrntn  KT3    ».  «.  Neyer  cast  dirt 
into  that  fountain  of  which  thou  hast  sometime  drank. 
The  meaning  ia,  that  we  should  not  pioadly  despise  or  reproach  that 
person  or  thing  which  formerly  haa  been  of  uae  to  oa. 

:  n  B^  rro2  kSk  ipapa  ^Dnon  ^    ».  •.  Do  not  look  upon 

the  vessel,  but  upon  that  which  it  contains. 

:  D'^n  1^  pK  ipe^n    t.  e.  A  lie  hath  no  feet. 

:  K^TM  K^^m  nnn  K^^m    ».  e.  One  sheep  follows  another. 

So  one  thie^  and  any  other  eril  doer,  follows  tiie  ill  example  of  hia  com- 
panion. 

:  in^D  1BP2  ntDe^  hsW  \y*m  vh    t.^.  We  never  find  that  a  fos 
dies  in  the  dirt  of  his  own  ditch. 

The  maaning  is,  that  men  do  rarely  receive  any  hurt  from  the  things  U 
which  they  have  accustomed  themseLrea. 

:  |nn3  V^p\TWiy^02  rho   t.  $.  If  a  word  be  worth  one  shekel, 
silence  is  worth  two. 
Nunquam  etenim  taeuiue  noetic  moeet  Mte  loemitan. 

:  WOD^  mn  mm  ^W    t. «.  If  the  ox  fall,  whet  your  knife. 

The  meaning  is,  we  must  not  let  slip  the  occasion  of  getting  the  victory 
over  an  enemy. 

:  nnno  )^:id  vrr\n  ^fi3    t.  e.  When  the  ox  falls  there  are  many 
that  will  help  to  kiU  him. 

The  mrnning  is,  that  there  are  many  ready  to  trample  upon  him  that  is 
afliioted. 

;  n'f?  t:id  n^rtn  l6yn    ». «.  We  must  fall  down  before  a  fox 
in  season. 

The  meaning  is,  that  we  ought  to  observe  cunning  men,  and  give  them 
due  respect  in  their  prosperity. 

:  D1^b6  B^m  ♦nn  h»i  nin>6  MT  »)n    t. «.  Choose  rather  to 
be  the  tail  of  lions  than  the  head  of  foxes. 


HEBREW  FBOTSBBt.  277 

:  jc^3  ma  KiinD  i6An  naj^  k^wi  Knpn  i3   f «.  When 

the  weasel  and  the  cat  make  a  marriage,  it  is  a  very  ill  presage. 

The  xneaniiig  is,  that  when  eril  men,  who  were  formerly  at  Tarknce,  and 
are  of  great  power,  make  agreement,  it  portends  danger  to  the  innocent, 
and  to  others  who  an  within  their  reach.  Thus  upon  the  agreement  of 
Herod  and  Pilate,  the  most  innocent  hlood  is  shed.  The  Jews  tell  of 
two  dogs  that  wen  yery  fleroe  one  against  the  other;  one  of  them  is  as- 
saulted hy  a  wolf,  and  thereupon  the  other  dog  resolves  to  help  him  against 
the  wolf  who  made  the  assault. 

:  moi  Kn^nrpn  xnp  in  nom  ^np  nn   •.  e.  In  two  cabs  of 

dates  there  is  one  cab  of  stones,  and  more. 
The  mf"i"g  is,  that  there  is  much  evil  mingled  with  the  good  which  is 
found  in  the  world. 

:  K»D  burn  n^D  W^n  nh  np     «.  «.  n  the  whole  world  does 

not  enter,  yet  hsdf  of  it  will. 

*Ti8  meant  of  calumny  and  reproach,  where  many  times  some  part  is 
belieTed,  though  all  be  not    Odumniareforiiier,  et  aUguid  adkcBrebU, 

X  rxh  ^y^miO  W^nn  K^^n  n^riDn  p     ».  e.   He  that  hath  been 

bitten  by  a  serpent  is  afraid  of  a  rope. 

The  infp»"«^g  is,  he  is  afraid  of  anything  that  hath  the  least  likeness  to  a 
serpent* 

:  «»^a^  KD^HDI  •nnna  KBO    »•  «.  She  plays  the  whore  for 
apples,  and  then  bestows  them  upon  the  sick. 
This  prorerb  is  used  against  those  who  gire  alms  of  what  they  get  un* 

iustly. 

:  k^dkS  mno  ^nvixh  n^na  viy\  Kjnn    t.  e.  The  door  that  is 

not  opened  to  him  that  begs  our  alms  will  be  opened  to 
the  physician. 

:^fi3  iWDStsn  K^lb  p^aB^    Let  but  the  drunkard  alone,  and 
he  will  fall  of  himself. 

:TT3  Cnn  niWni  Onnn  D^on  nVpv    «.  e.   Thou  hast  dived 
deep  into  the  water,  and  hast  brought  up  a  potsherd. 

:  ntDp  V|^tnK  t(^  no^D^K     ».  e.  If  thou  hast  increased   th.y 

water,  thou  must  also  increase  thy  meal. 

Thus  he  that  raiseth  many  ohgections,  is  obliged  to  find  solutions  for 
fhenalsow 

3)0  U  rMB^  sn  I^M    *.  «•  There  is  nothing  so  bad  in  which 
then  18  not  somethin*^  of  good. 


480  HEDBEW   PROYKEBS. 

:  tS  nDO  w  Kr^a)  i^ayn  t6  lo^aS  no   if  we  would  avoid  a 

mischief,  we  must  not  be  very  kind  and  familiar  with  an 
evil  man. 

:  y^on  H^  Knn^O  p  ■J'l^    »•  «•  Withhold  not  thine  hand  from 
showing  mercy  to  the  poor. 

:  r^noD  no  njn»  lAi  wa^A  nrhv  «n^3  ••  <?.  The  bride  goes  ta 

her  marriage- bed,  but  knows  not  what  shall  happen  to  her. 

The  meaaing  is,  that  we  ought  not  oonfidently  to  pitMniie  ounelves  in 
anything  any  great  suooess.  Thus  it  ia  said,  that  a  oeriain  man  said  he 
would  enjoy  his  bride  on  the  morrow ;  and  when  he  was  admonished  to 
say  he  would  ifQod  wiU,  he  answered,  that  he  would,  whether  Qod  would 
or  not.  This  man  and  his  bride  were  both  found  dead  the  following  night 
Thus  was  the  saying  of  Ben  Syra  verified,  **  The  bride,**  etc. 

:  KTnD  n«3  K^IMJ^I  HI'^D-^^  KD*Dr6      t.  e.   A  nod  for  a  wise 
man,  and  a  rod  for  a  fool. 

:  vni^rh  ^DKT  ^n^lonD  I'plD    t.  e.  He  that  gives  honour  to  his 
enemy,  is  like  to  an  ass. 

:  pK^:iD  inj^ta  TpiO  p^^t  nw     t.  e.  A  Uttle  fire  bums  up  a  great 
deal  of  com. 

This  saying  is  to  be  understood  of  the  mischief  which  an  eril  and 
slandering  tongue  does ;  and  is  exemplified  in  Doeg,  who  by  this  means 
brought  destruction  upon  the  priests.  'Uod  hiUyw  svp  iikuev'  v^v  itmwnu 
James  iiL  5. 

:  npbno:  np^no  e^ns  fenins    Spread  the  table,  and  conten. 
tion  will  cease. 

:  patD  nn  dp  ip  h^n  Kn^  in^obi  M^th  nK  inj;    ».  «.  If  thou 

must  desAy  be  sure  to  deal  with  an  honest  man. 

:  iTS  TBD  nK  n*^  nxonp  KO*m     Be  not  ungrateful  to  your 
old  friend. 

:  piats^n  kS  tb^d3  T\)yhrD^  i?  pn^  jo^^d  ]'*t\^v   Though  thou 

hast  never  so  many  coimsellors,  yet  do  not  forsake  the 
counsel  of  thy  own  soul. 

:  r\2YX0  nsK^Dni  nyp  DVn    i .  «.  The  day  ia  short,  and  the 

work  is  much. 

Jrs  langa^  vita  brmrii. 


A  COMPLETE 

ALPHABET  OF  PROVERBS 

TAKSir  PBOU 

CAMDEN,  HERBERT,  HOWELL,  FULLER,  RAT, 
TRUS8LER,  AND  OTHERS. 


%*  Tke  numerala  aUcuthed  to  many  of  the  lines  indieaU  th$ 
page  where  those  proverbs  occur  in  Bajf's  Collection,  which  forms 
the  first  portion  qf  the  present  volume. 


A  bad  bosh  is  better  than  the  open  field,  68. 

A  bad  day  never  hath  a  good  niffhty  5. 

A  bad  Jack  may^ave  a«  bad  a  JiU. 

A  bad  padlock  invites  a  picklock. 

A  bad  shift  is  better  than  no  shift,  68,  91. 

A  bad  thing  never  dies, 
*^  A  bad  workman  quarrels  with  his  tools,  144. 

A  bairn  maun  creep  ere  it  gang,  230. 

A  bald  head  is  soon  shaven,  69. 

A  barber  leameth  to  shave  by  shaving  fools,  131, 

A  bargain  is  a  bargain,  49. 

A  barley-corn  is  better  than  a  diamond  to  a  cock. 

A  barren  sow  was  never  good  to  pigs. 

A  basket-jnstice  will  do  jostice  right  or  wrong,  54. 

A  bawbee  cat  may  look  at  a  king,  227. 

A  bean  in  liberty  is  better  than  a  comfit  iu  prison,  12. 

A  beggar  payeth  a  benefit  with  a  louse,  70. 

A  beUyfiil  is  a  bellyful,  whether  it  be  meat  or  drink,  71* 

A  bellvful  of  gluttony  will  never  study  willingly,  98. 
^  A  beltless  bairn  canna  lie,  230. 
^'A  bird  in  the  hand  is  worth  two  in  the  bush. 


282       A    COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  P&OVEBBS. 

A  bird  it  known  by  iu  note,  Rud  a  man  by  his  talk. 

A  bird  may  be  caught  with  a  snare,  that  will  not  be  shot. 

A  bit  and  a  knock,  as  men  feed  apes,  148. 

A  bit  in  the  morning  is  better  than  nothing  all  day,  or  than  i 

thump  on  tke  back  with  a  stone,  25. 
A  black  hen  will  lay  a  white  egg,  73. 
A  black  man  is  a  jewel  in  a  fair  woman's  eye,  4d. 
A  black  plum  is  as  sweet  as  a  white,  72. 
A  black  shoe  makes  a  merry  heart,  49,  227. 
A  black  woman  hath  turpentine  in  her,  48. 
A  blate  cat  maks  a  proud  mouse,  228. 
A  blind  man  would  be  glad  to  see  it. 
A  blind  man  will  not  thank  you  for  a  looking-glass, 
A  blot  in  his  escutcheon,  49. 
A  blot  is  not  a  blot,  unless  it  be  hit,  73. 
A  blow  from  a  frying  pan,  though  it  may  not  hurt,  aulHes. 

Span, 
A  blow  with  a  reed  makes  a  noise,  but  harts  not. 
A  blunt  wedge  will  sometimes  do  what  a  sharp  aze  will  not 
A  blythe  heart  makes  a  blooming  yisage,  228. 
A  boaster  and  a  liar  are  cousin-germans. 
A  bold  fellow  is  the  jest  of  wise  men,  and  the  idol  of  fools. 
A  book  that  remains  shut,  is  but  a  blocks 
A  borrowed  len  shou'd  gang  laughing  hame,  228. 
A  bow  long  bent  at  last  wazeth  weak,  74. 
A  brade  house  never  skail'd,  226. 
A  brave  retreat  is  a  brave  exploit. 
A  bribe  I  know  is  a  juggling  knave,  268. 
A  bridle  for  the  tongue  is  a  necessary  piece  of  furniture* 
A  brinded  pig  will  make  a  good  brawn  to  breed  on,  50. 
A  broad  hat  does  not  always  cover  a  venerable  head. 
A  broken  apothecary,  a  new  doctor,  2. 
A  broken  friendship  may  be  solder' d,  but  will  never  be  sound. 
A  broken  sleeve  holdeth  the  arm  back,  75. 
A  brown  lass  is  gay  and  cleanly,  48. 
A  burthen  of  one's  own  choice  is  not  felt. 
A  burnt  child  dreads  the  fire^  228. 
A  Bnrston  horse  and  a  Cambridge  master  of  arts  will  give  way 

to  nobody. 
A  bushel  of  March  dust,  on  the  leaves,  is  worth  a  king's 

ransom,  33. 


\ 


A  COMPUBTX  ALPHABXT   07  PB0TXUB8.  *28j 

A  buxom  widow  mast  be  eitber  married,  buried,  or  abut  up  iu 

a  conyent.     Span, 
A  cake  eaten  in  peace  is  wortb  two  in  trouble,  270. 
A  cairs  bead  will  feast  a  bunter  and  bia  bounds,  70 
A  camel  in  Media  dances  in  a  little  cab,  273. 
A  candle  ligbts  otbers  and  consumes  itselfL. 
A  careless  watcb  iniites  tbe  vigilant  foe.  "i 
A  carper  can  cayil  at  anv  tbing,  76» 
A  cat  bas  nine  lives,  and  a  woman  bas  nine  cats'  lives. , 
A  cat  may  look  at  a  king,  227. 
A  cbaritable  man  is  tbe  true  lover  of  God. 
A  chaste  eye  exiles  licentious  looks. 

A  cbeny  year,  a  merry  year ;  a  plum  year,  a  dumb  year,  38. 
A  cbild'swbirds  and  a  boy's  wife  are  well  used,  78. 
A  cbild  may  bave  too  mucb  of  bis  mother's  blessing,  117* 
A  chip  of  tiie  old  block,  153. 
A  civu  denial  is  better  than  a  rude  grant 
A  clean  band  wants  no  washing. 
A  clear  conscience  can  bear  any  trouble. 
A  clear  conscience  is  a  sure  card,  81. 
A  clear  conscience  laughs  at  false  accusations. 
A  dose  mouth  catcbetb  no  flies,  79. 
A  cockatrice,  64. 

A  cock  is  crouse  on  bis  ain  midden,  228. 
A  cold  April  the  bam  will  fill. 

A  cold  Biay  and  a  windy  makes  a  bam  full  and  a  findy,  33. 
A  collier's  cow  and  an  alewife's  sow  are  always  well  fed,  82. 
A  colt  you  may  break,  but  an  old  horse  you  never  can. 
A  conmion  blot  is  held  no  stain. 
A  common  jeerer  may  have  wit  but  not  wisdom. 
A  conscience  as  large  as  a  sbipman's  hose,  189* 
A  constant  guest  is  never  welcome. 
A  contented  mind  is  a  continual  feast 
A  cough  will  stick  longer  by  a  horse  than  a  peck  of  oats,  81. 
A  countryman  may  be  as  warm  in  kersey  as  a  king  in  velvet 
A  courageous  foe  is  better  than  a  cowardly  friend. 
A  eourtesy  much  entreated  is  half  recompensed. 
A  covetous  man  does  nothing  that  be  should  till  be  dies. 
A  covetous  man  is  a  dog  in  a  wheel,  that  roasteth  meat  for 

others,  4. 
A  covetous  man  is  good  to  none,  but  worst  to  himself. 


284  A  OOXFLBTB  ALBVUXMT  OF  PBOTXBB8. 

A  coTetoas  man  makes  a  halfpenny  of  a  fkrthing,  and  a  libesai 

man  makes  sixpence  of  it. 
A  coward's  fear  may  make  a  coward  valiant.. 
A  cow  may  catch  a  hare* 
A  cracked  bell  can  never  sound  well. 
A  crafty  fellow  never  has  any  peace. 
A  creaking  door  hangs  long  on  its  hinges. 
A  cripple  may  catch  a  hare« 
A  crooked  stick  will  have  a  crooked  shadow,  83. 
A  crowd  is  not  company. 

A  crown  in  pocket  doth  yon  more  credit  than  an  angel  spent* 
A  cumbersome  cur  in  company  is  hated  for  his  miscamage, 

230. 
A  cunning  knave  needs  no  broker. 
A  curs'd  cow  has  short  horns,  82, 
A  curs'd  cur  should  be  short  tied,  84. 
A  curtain  lecture,  51. 
A  customary  railer  is  the  devil's  bagpipe,  which  the  world 

danceth  after. 
A  cut-purse  is  a  sure  trade,  for  he  hath  ready  money  when  hia 

work  is  done,  5. 
A  danger  foreseen  is  half  avoided.. 
A  day  to  come  shews  longer  than  a  year  that*s  gone. 
A  dead  wife's  the  best  goods  in  a  man's  house,  44. 
A  dead  woman  will  have  four  to  carry  her  forth^  166. 
A  dear  ship  stands  lang  i'  the  haven,  227. 
A  debauched  son  of  a  noble  family  is  a  foul  stream  from  a 

dear  spring. 
A  deceitful  peace  is  more  hurtful  than  open  war* 
A  deed  done  has  an  end.    Ital^ 
A  deformed  body  may  have  a  beautiful  soul« 
A  deluge  of  words  and  a  drop  of  sense. 
A  detracter  is  his  own  foe,  and  the  world's  enemy. 
A  diamond  is  valuable,  though  it  lie  on  a  dunghill, 
A  disease  known  is  half  cured,  86. 
A  dishonest  woman  cannot  be  kept  in,  and  an  honest  one  wiU 

not. 
A  dogmatical  tone,  a  pragmatical  pate. 
A  dog  of  an  old  dog,  a  colt  of  a  young  horse.     The  Gallegoi 

say  a  calf  of  a  young  cow,  and  a  colt  of  an  old  mare,  39 
A  dog  will  not  cry  if  you  beat  him  with  a  bone,  226, 


\ 


A  COlfPLSTE  ALFHABXT  OF  PBOT16BB8.  285 

\  dog's  life,  hanger  and  ease,  157. 

A  dog's  nose  and  a  maid's  knees  are  always  cold.  45. 

A  Dover  shark  and  a  Deal  savage,  208. 

A  dumb  man  hands  a',  229. 

A  dram  of  the  bottle,  157. 

A  drink  is  shorter  than  a  tale,  226. 

A  drowning  man  will  catch  at  a  rush,  88. 

A  drunkard's  purse  is  a  bottle. 

A  dninken  night  makes  a  cloudy  morning. 

A  Drury  Lane  vestal.     London, 

A  dry  cough  is  the  trumpeter  of  death,  4. 

A  dry  summer  ne'er  made  a  dear  peck,  226. 

A  duck  will  not  always  dabble  in  the  same  gutter. 

A  dull  ass  near  home  needs  no  spur. 

A  dumb  man  never  gets  land,  226. 

A  dwarf  threatens  Hercules. 

A  fair  booty  makes  many  a  thief. 

A  fair  bride  is  soon  buslat,  and  a  short  horse  soon  wispit,  228. 

A  fair  face  may  be  a  foul  bargain. 

A  fair  face  may  hide  a  foul  heart. 

A  fair  hce  is  half  a  portion,  91. 

A  fair  fire  maks  a  room  flet,  228. 

A  fair  gamester  among  rooks  must  be  beat. 

A  fair  pawn  never  ashamed  his  master,  123. 

A  fair  promise  makes  a  fool  merry,  267. 

A  fair  wife  without  a  fortune,  is  a  fine  hoose  without  furniture. 

A  fair  woman  and  a  skshed  gown  find  always  some  nail  in 

the  way,  7. 
A  fiair  woman,  with  foul  conditions,  ii  like  a  sumptuoos  sc- 

pnlchre,  full  of  corruption, 
A  fair  woman,  without  virtue,  is  like  palled  wine. 
A  false  report  rides  post^  267- 
A  famine  in  England  begins  at  the  horse-manger,  37. 
A  fat  kitchen  makes  a  lean  will,  7,  108. 
A  father  is  a  treasure,  a  brother  a  comfort,  but  a  firiend  is  both. 
A  fault  confessed  is  half  redressed. 
A  faidt,  once  denied,  is  twice  committed,  92. 
A  favour  ill-placed  is  great  waste. 
A  feast  is  not  made  of  mushrooms  only,  93. 
i  field  requireth  three  things ;  fair  weather,  good  seed,  and  a 

good  husbandman,  39. 


286  ▲  COHPLETI  ALPHABXT  OF  FROTIBBl. 

A  fine  diamond  may  be  ill-set, 
A  fine  new  nothing,  159. 
*^  A  flow  of  words  is  no  proof  of  wisdom. 
A  flow  will  have  an  ebb,  94. 

•  A  fog  cannot  be  dispelled  by  a  fan.    Japanew, 

•  A  fool  always  comes  short  of  his  reckoning. 
Xa  fool  and  his  money  are  soon  parted,  94. 

A  fool  can  dance  withoat  a  fiddle. 

A  fool  demands  much,  bat  he's  a  greater  that  gives  it,  8. 

A  fool  is  better  than  an  obstinate  man. 

A  fool  is  fdlsome,  8. 

A  fool  knows  more  in  his  own  boose,  than  a  wise  man  iji 

another's,  48. 
A  fool  loseth  his  estate  before  he  finds  his  folly. 
A  fool  may  ask  more  questions  in  an  hoar  than  a  wise  man 

can  answer  in  seven  years. 
A  fool  may  chance  to  put  something  into  a  wise  man's  head. 

•  A  fool  may  give  a  wise  man  coansel^ 

A  fool  may  make  monev,  but  it  requires  a  wise  num  to  spend  it 

A  fool  wants  his  cloak  In  a  rainy  day. 

A  fool  when  he  hath  spoke  hath  done  all,  228. 

A  fool  will  laugh  when  he  is  drowning,  267* 

A  fool  will  not  be  foiled,  269. 
i^  A  fool  winna  gie  his  bauble  for  the  Tower  o'  London,  229. 

A  fool's  bolt  is  soon  shot,  94. 

A  fool's  bolt  may  sometimes  hit  the  mark. 

A  fool's  heart  dances  on  his  lips. 

A  fooFs  speech  is  a  bubble  of  air. 
u.  A  fool's  tongue  is  long  enough  to  cut  his  own  throat,  94. 

A  fop  of  fashion  is  the  mercer's  friend,  the  tailor's  fool,  and 
his  own  foe. 

A  forced  kindness  deserves  no  thanks. 

A  fortunate  boor  needs  but  be  bom,  268* 

A  fortunate  man  may  be  any  where* 

A  foul  fit  maks  a  fu'  wame,  230«. 

A  foul  morn  may  turn  to  a  fair  day* 

A  fox  should  not  be  of  the  jury  at  a  goose's  trial,. 95. 

A  freend's  dinner  is  soon  dight,  229. 

A  friar  who  asks  alms  for  God*s  sake,  begs  for  two^    Span. 

\  friend,  as  far  as  conscience  allows/^ 

A  friend  in  a  comer,  154. 


A  COMPUTE  ALPHABIT  OF  PB07XBB8.       287 

A  friend  in  court  is  as  good  as  a  penny  in  pocket,  5,  81. 
V   A  friend  in  court  makes  the  process  short. 
^^A  friend  in  need  is  a  friend  indeed,  95. 

A  friend  in  the  market  is  better  than  money  in  the  chest. 

A  friend  is  best  found  in  adyersity. 

A  friend  is  never  known  till  needed,  96,  230. 

A  friend  is  not  so  soon  gotten  as  lost. 

A  friend  that  you  buv  with  presents,  will  be  boueht  from  you. 

A  friend  to  every  body  is  a  friend  to  nobody.r  Span. 

A  friend's  frown  is.better  than  a  fooFs  smile. 

A  fiill  belly  neither  fights  nor  flies  well. 

A  full  cup  must  be  carried  steadily* 

A  full  purse  makes  the  mouth  run  over,  17* 

A  full  purse  never  lacks  frienda^  226. 

A  fu'  sack  will  tak  a  clout  o*^t^  side,  230. 

A  gallant  man  needs  no  drums  to  rouse  him. 

A  gallant  man  rather  despises  death  than  hates  life. 

A  galled  horse  will  not  endure  the  comb,  104. 

A  gangan  fit  is  ay  getting,  an'  it  were  but  a  thorn,  229. 

A  generous  confession  disarms  sUnder,  81. 

A  gentle  horse  should  na  be  o'er  sair  spurr'd,  229. 

A  gentleman  ought  to  travel  abroad,  but  dwell  at  home. 
^   A  gentleman  should  have  more  in  his  pocket  than  on  his  back. 

A  gentleman  without  an  estate,  is  a  pudding  without  suet,  97« 

A  giant  will  starve  on  what  will  surfeit  a  dmrf . 

A  gift  long  waited  for  is  sold,  not  given,  9. 

A  gift  with  a  kind  countenance,  is  a  double  present. 

A  gi'en  horse  shou'd  na  be  looket  i*  the  mou*,  227. 

A  glass  of  water  is  sometimes  worth  a  tun  of  wine.    Ital. 

A  glutton  is  never  generous. 

A  gold  ring  does  not  cure  a  felon. 

A  golden  dart  kills  where  it  pleases. 

A  golden  shield  is  of  great  defence. 

A  good  archer  is  not  known  by  his  arrows,  but  his  aim. 

A  good  barf;ain  is  a  pick-purse,  69. 

A  good  begmning  makes  a  good  ending,  70. 

A  good  caudle-holder  proves  a  good  gamester,  3. 

A  good  candle-snuffier  may  come  to  be  a  good  player. 

A  good  cause  and  a  good  tongue,  yet  money  must  carry  it. 

A  good  cause  makes  a  stout  heart  and  a  strong  arm. 

A  good  companion  makes  good  company.     Span, 


288       ▲  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OP  PSOTEBBt. 

A  good  conscieDce  is  the  best  diyinitr. 

A  good  conscience  needs  nerer  sneak. 

A  good  day  will  not  mend  him,  nor  a  bad  day  impair  hiiiii 

52. 
A  good  dog  deserves  a  good  bone. 

A  good  edge  is  good  for  nothing,  if  it  has  nothing  to  cat. 
A  good  example  is  the  best  sermon* 
A  good  face  needs  no  band»  and  a  bad  one  deaerres  none»  and 

a  pretty  wench  no  land,  69. 
A  good  face  needs  no  paint. 

A  good  faculty  in  lying,  ve  a  fair  step  to  preferment. 
A  good  fame  is  better  than  a  good  face. 
A  good  fellow  lights  his  candle  at  both  ends,  53. 
A  good  friend  is  my  nearest  relation. 
A  good  friend  never  offends,  269. 
A  good  garden  may  have  some  weeds. 
A  good  goose  indeed,  bnt  she  has  an  ill  gaislin,  £30. 
A  good  honest  man,  now-a-days,  is  bat  a  civil  word  for  a  fo<^ 
A  good  hope  is  better  than  a  bad  possession.^ 
A  good  horse  cannot  be  of  a  bad  colour,  H)4. 
A  gocd  horse  shoold  be  seldom  spurred. 
A  good  Jack  makes  a  good  Jill,  106* 
A  good  key  is  necessary  to  enter  Paradise    BaL 
A  good  lawyer  an  evil  neighbour*  12. 
A  good  life  keeps  off  wrinkles,     /^pon. 
A  good  man  is  no  more  to  he  feared  than  a  sheep^  99* 
A  good  man  will  as  soon  run  into  a  fire  as  a  ^uarrel^ 
A  good  man  will  requite  a  gift ;  an  ill  man  will  ask  more. 
A  good  marksman  may  miss. 
A  good  maxim  is  never  out  of  season. 
A  good  name  is  better  than  riches,  118. 
'  A  good  name  keeps  its  lustre  in  the  dark,  14. 
A  good  neighbour,  a  good  morrow,  1 1 9. 
A  good  occasion  for  courtship  is,  when  the  widow  returns  from 

the  funeral. 
A  good  orator  must  be  Cicero  and  Roscius  in  one  man. 
A  good  paymaster  may  build  Saint  Paul's. 
A  good  paymaster  needs  no  surety,  123. 
A  good  paymaster  never  wants  workmen. 
A  good  pinch,  and  a  r^  with  a  stick,  is  a  clown's  compli* 

ment. 


▲   COMPLIT£  ALPHABET  01  PBOYllfiBS.  289 

A.  good  presence  is  a  letter  of  recommendation. 

A  good  present  need  not  knock  long  for  admittance. 

A  good  recorder  set  all  in  order,  1  /• 

A  good  reputation  is  a  fair  estate. 

A  good  sailor  may  mistake  in  a  dark  niffht. 

A  good  salad  may  be  a  prologue  to  a  bad  supper,  129. 

A  good  saver  is  a  good  server,  129. 

A  good  servant  makes  a  good  master.    ItaL 

A  good  servant  should  have  good  wages. 

A  good  shape  is  in  the  shear's  mouth. 

A  good  shift  may  serve  long,  but  it  cannot  serve  for  ever,  131. 
^  A  good  stomach  is  the  best  sauce. 

A  good  surgeon  must  have  an  eagle*s  eye,  a  lion's  heart,  and 
a  lady's  hand,  27. 

A  good  take  heed  will  surely  speed. 

A  good  tale  ill  told  is  a  bad  one,  135. 

A  good  tale  is  none  the  worse  for  being  twice  told|' 

A  good  thing  is  soon  caught  up^  10.  ^'/ 

A  good  tongue  has  seldom  need  to  beg  attention. 

A  good  tongue  is  a  good  weapon. 

A  good  tree  is  a  good  shelter. 

A  good  wife  and  health,  are  a  man*s  best  wealth. 

A  good  wife  makes  a  good  husband,  43. 

A  good  winter  brings  a  good  summer^  22. 

A  good  word  for  a  bad  one  is  worth  much,  and  costs  little^    ItcU, 

A  good  word  is  as  soon  said  as  a  bad  one« 

A  goose  cannot  graze  after  him,  162. 

A  goose-quill  is  more  dangerous  than  a  lion*8  daijx 

A  goss-hawk  strikes  not  at  a  bunting,  99.  '^ 

A  gossip  speaks  ill  of  all,  and  all  of  her« 

A  grain  of  prudence  is  worth  a  pound  of  craft* ' 

A  grand  eloquence,  little  conscience. 

A  great  ceremony  for  a  small  saint. 

A  great  city,  a  great  solitude. 

A  great  cry  and  a  little  wool,  155. 
^  A  great  dowry  is  a  bed  fuL  of  brambles. 

A  great  fortune,  in  the  hands  of  a  fool,  is  a  great  misfortune. 

^  great  fortune  is  a  great  slavery. 

^  great  head  and  a  little  vrit,  101. 

^  great  load  of  gold  is  more  burthensome  than  alight  load  of 
gravel. 

u 


290  ▲  COMPLETS  ALPHABET  OF  PS0TEILB9. 

A  great  man  and  a  great  river  are  often  ill  neigbbonrt,  99. 

A  great  man's  foolish  sayings  pass  fur  wise  ones.. 

A  great  man  will  not  trample  on  a  worm,  nor  aneak  to  an 

emperor. 
A  great  mark  is  soonest  hit. 
A  great  reputation  is  a  great  charge. 
A  great  rooser  was  ne'er  a  gude  nder,  229. 
A  great  ship  must  have  deep  water,  1 8. 
A  great  tree  hath  a  great  fall. 
A  greedy  man  God  hates,  227. 
A  green  winter  makes  a  fat  churchyard,  35. 
A  green  wound  ia  soon  healed,  24. 
A  growing  youth  hath  a  wolf  in  his  belly,  146. 
A  grunting  horse  and    a  groaning  wife    seldom  fail  theii 

master. 
A  gude  asker  shou'd  hae  a  gude  nay-say,  227. 
A  gude  cow  may  hae  an  ill  ca'f,  228. 
A  gude  dog  never  barkit  but  a  bane,  230. 
A  gude  fallow  is  a  costly  name,  225. 
A  gude  fallow  tint  never  but  an  ill  fallow's  hand,  229 
A  gude  name  is  sooner  tint  than  won,  226. 
A  gude  piece  of  steel  is  worth  a  penny,  228. 
A  gude  word  is  as  soon  said  as  an  ill  one. 
A  gude  yeoman  maks  a  gude  woman,  228. 
A  guilty  conscience  needs  no  accuser. 
A  Hampshire  hog,  205. 
A  handful  of  common  sense  ia  worth  a  bushel  of  learning. 

Span.  10. 
A  handful  of  good  life  is  better  than  a  bushel  of  learning,  10. 
A  handful  of  trade  is  a  handful  of  gold. 
A  handsaw  is  a  good  thing,  but  not  to  shave  with. 
A  handsome-bodied  man  in  the  face,  54. 
A  handsome  hostess  is  bad  for  the  purse. 
A  liandfu'  o'  trade  is  worth  a  gowpen  o'  gowd,  226. 
A  hangman  is  a  good  trade,  he  doth  his  work  by  daylight,  65. 
A  happy  heart  makes  a  blooming  visage. 
A  hare  may  draw  a  lion,  with  a  golden  cord. 
A  hasty  man  never  wants  woe,  101. 
A  head  like  a  snake,  a  neck  like  a  drake,  a  back  like  a  beam, 

a  belly  like  a  bream,  a  foot  like  a  cat,  a  tail  like  a  rat,  X^i, 
A  headstrong  man  and  a  fool  may  wear  the  same  cap. 


▲  COMFL£T£  ALPIULBKT  07  PfiOYEUBB.  251 

A  hearty  hand  to  gie  a  hungry  melteth,  230. 

A  Henry  sophister,  198. 

A  hober-de-hoy,  half  a  man  and  half  a  boy,  54. 

A  hog  in  armour  is  still  but  a  hog. 

A  hog  that's  bemired,  endeavours  to  bemire  others. 

A  hog  upon  trust,  grunts  till  he*s  paid  for. 

A  honey  tongue,  a  heart  of  gall,  103. 

A  hookas  well  lost  to  catch  a  salmon,  103. 

A  horn  heard  soon,  though  hardly  seen,  267. 

A  horse-doctor,  t.  e,  a  farrier,  65. 

A  horse  is  neither  better  nor  worse  for  his  trappings. 

A  horse  kiss,  a  rude  kiss^  able  to  beat  one's  teeth  out,  55. 

A  horse  may  snapper  on  four  feet,  229. 

A  horse  that  will  not  carry  a  saddle  must  have  no  oats. 

A  hot  May  makes  a  fat  churchyard,  34. 

A  boundless  man  comes  to  the  best  hunting,  230. 

A  house  built  by  a  man's  father,  and  a  vineyard  planted  by 

his  grandfather,  40. 
A  house  built  by  the  way-side,  is  either  too  high  or  too  low. 
A  house  filled  with  guests  is  eaten  up  and  ill  spoken  of. 
A  house  ready  built  never  sells  for  so  much  as  it  cost. 
A  house  ready  made,  but  a  wife  to  make,  48 
A  house  well  furnished  makes  a  good  housewife. 
A  huge  building,  a  low  foundation. 
A  humble-bee  in  a  cow-turd  thinks  himself  a  king ;    or,  a 

beetle  in  a  cow- turd,  &c.,  1 1. 
A  hundred  tailors,  a  hundred  weavers,  and  a  hundred  millcr«» 

make  three  hundred  thieves. 
A  hungry  dog  vrill  eat  dung,  275. 
A  hungiy  horse  maketh  a  clean  manger. 
A  hungry  kite  sees  a  dead  horse  afar  off. 
A  hungry  louse  bites  sair,  229. 
A  hungry  man  is  an  angry  man,  11,  226. 
A  hungry  man  sees  far,  22/. 
A  hungry  man  smeUs  meat  afar  off. 
A  Huntingdon  sturgeon,  206. 

A  husband  without  ability  is  like  a  house  without  a  roof.  Span, 
A  jack  of  Dover,  206. 
A  jade  eats  as  much  as  a  good  horse. 
A  jealous  man's  horns  hang  in  his  eyes. 
A  jest  driven  too  far  brings  home  hate. 

V  2 


292       A  COHFLETE  ALPHABET  OF  FBOTEBBS. 

A  joke  neyer  gains  an  enemy,  bat  often  loses  a  friend. 

A.  journey  were  better  too  long  than  dangerous. 

A  joyful  evening  may  follow  a  sbrrowfol  morning. 

A  kind-hearted  soul,  64. 

A  kindly  aver  will  never  make  a  good  horse,  68. 

A  kindly  good  Janiveer  freexeth  ue  pot  by  the  feere. 

A  king  Harry's  face,  54. 

A  king  is  never  powerful  that  has  not  power  on  the  sea.  S^htH, 

A  king  promises,  but  observes  only  what  he  pleases. 

A  king*s  favour  is  no  inheritance. 

A  kiss  of  the  mouth  often  touches  not  the  heart 

A  knave  discovered  is  a  great  fool. 

A  knave  or  a  rogue  in  grain,  163. 

A  knavish  confession  should  have  a  cane  for  absolution. 

A  knight  of  Gales,  a  gentleman  of  Wales,  and  a  laird  of  the 

north  countree,  A  yeoman  of  Kent,  with  his  yearly  reuU 

will  buy  them  out  all  three,  206. 
A  knotty  piece  of  timber  must  have  smooth  wedges,  12. 
A  lady  of  pleasure,  64. 

A  lamb  is  as  dear  to  a  poor  man  as  an  ox  to  the  rich. 
A  lame  traveller  should  get  out  betimes. 
A  lass  that  has  many  wooers  oft  fares  the  worst,  226. 
A  latter  Lammas,  168. 
A  lazy  ox  is  little  better  for  the  goad. 
A  lazy  sheep  thinks  its  wool  heavy. 
A  leaden  sword  in  an  ivory  scabbard. 
A  lean  dog  gets  nothing  but  fleas.     Sp^n, 
A  Leicestershire  plover,  210. 
A  leil  heart  Ued  never,  229. 
A  leman,  64. 

A  lewd  bachelor  makes  a  jealous  husband. 
A  Uar  is  a  bravo  towards  God,  and  a  coward  towards  meu. 
A  liar  is  not  believed  when  he  speaks  the  truth.     Ital: 
A  liar  must  have  a  good  memory,  113. 
A  libertine  life  is  not  a  life  of  hberty. 
A  lie  begets  a  lie  till  they  come  to  generations. 
A  lie  has  no  legs,  but  a  scandal  has  wings. 
A  lie,  though  it  promise  good,  will  do  thee  harm,  and  truth  will 

do  thee  good  at  last,  27 1  • 
A  lie  with  a  latchet,  64. 
A  life  of  leisure  and  a  life  of  laziness  are  two  things. 


▲  COHFL£TE  ALPHABET  OF  FS0YESB3.       2!A9 

A  light  ChristmaB  a  heavy  sheaf,  4, 

A  light-heel'd  mother  makes  a  heavy-heel'd  daughter.  47. 

A  light  parse  makes  a  heavy  heart,  1 10,  226. 

A  light  skirts,  64. 

A  lion  may  be  beholden  to  a  monse. 

A  liqaoiish  tone  is  the  pnrse's  canker,  111. 

A  liquorish  tongue,  a  lecherous  tail.  111. 

A  lisping  lass  is  good  to  kiss,  43. 

A  little  barrel  can  eive  but  httle  meal. 

A  little  bird  wants  hut  a  little  nest. 

A  little  body  often  harbours  a  great  soul. 

A  little  debt  makes  a  debtor,  but  a  great  one  an  enemy. 

A  little  fire  bums  up  a  great  deal  of  com,  280. 

A  little  house  well  filled,  a  little  land  well  tilled,  and  a  little 
\  wife  well  willed,  are  great  riches,  46. 

c^  little  knowledge  is  a  dangerous  thing. 
^K.  little  leak  will  sink  a  great  ship. 

A  little  more  breaks  a  horse's  back.  111. 

A  little  neglect  may  breed  great  mischief. 
.A  little  of  every  thing  is  nothing  in  the  main. 
^  little  pot  is  soon  hot.  111. 

A  little  ship  needs  but  a  little  sail. 

A  little  stream  mav  quench  thirst  as  well  as  a  great  river. 

A  little  stream  will  drive  a  light  mill,  112. 

A  little  string  will  tie  a  little  bird. 

A  little  time  may  be  enough  to  hatch  great  mischief. 

A  little  wind  kindleth  a  great  fire :  a  great  one  bloweth  it  out« 

A  little  wit  will  serve  a  fortunate  man. 

A  little  wood  will  heat  a  little  oven. 

A  living  dog  is  better  than  a  dead  lion. 

A  loan  should  come  laughing  home. 

A  London  cockney,  213. 

A  London  jury  ;  nang  half,  and  save  half,  212. 

A  long  harvest  and  a  little  corn,  164. 

A  long  lane,  and  a  fair  wind,  and  always  thy  heels  here  away 
55. 

A  long  life  hath  long  miseries. 

A  long  ox  and  a  short  horse. 

A  long  tongue  has  a  short  hand,  20. 

A  lord's  heart  and  a  beggar's  purse  agree  not,  70. 

A.  lord  without  riches  is  a  soldier  without  arms. 


294       A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OP  PB07ZBB8. 

A  lover* s  soul  UveR  in  the  body  of  his  mistress.    Plutarek. 

A  low  hedge  is  easily  leaped  over,  13. 

A  loyal  heart  may  be  landed  under  Traitor's  Bridge,  214. 

A  mach  an'  a  horse-shoe  are  baith  alike,  230. 

A  mad  beast  must  have  a  sober  dnver. 

A  mad  bull  is  not  to  be  tied  up  with  a  packthread. 

A  madman  and  a  fool  are  no  witnesses. 

A  mad  parish  must  have  a  mad  priest. 

A  maid  oft  seen,  and  a  gown  oft  worn,  are  disesteem'd  and 

held  in  scorn. 
A  maid  that  laughs  is  half  taken,  13. 
A  maid  that  taketh  yieldeth,  13. 
A  man  among  children  will  be  long  a  child,  a  child  among 

men  will  be  soon  a  man. 
A  man  apt  to  promise  is  apt  to  forget. 
A  man,  as  he  manages  himself,   may   die  old  at  thirty,  or 

young  at  eighty. 
A  man  at  five  may  be  a  fool  at  fifteen,  226. 
A  man  at  sixteen  will  prove  a  child  at  sixty. 
A  man  can  do  no  more  than  he  can,  76. 
A  man  can  never  thrive  who  has  a  wasteful  wife. 
A  man  canna  bear  a'  his  ain  kin  on  his  back,  226. 
A  man  cannot  live  by  the  air,  66. 
A  man  cannot  spin  and  reel  at  the  same  time,  134. 
A  man  far  from  his  good  is  near  his  harm,  92. 
A  man  forewarned  is  forearmed. 

A  man  gains  nothing  by  vain-glory  but  contempt  and  hatred. 
A  man  gets  no  thanks  for  what  he  loseth  at  play. 
A  man  has  choice  to  begin  love,  but  not  to  end  it.  - 
A  man  has  no  more  goods  than  he  gets  good  by,  226. 
A  man  has  often  more  trouble  to  digest  meat  than  to  get  it* 
A  man  in  debt  is  stoned  every  year.     Span. 
A  man  in  distress  or  despair  does  as  much  as  ten. 
A  man  in  a  passion  rides  a  horse  that  runs  away  with  him. 
A  man  is  a  Lon  in  his  own  cause. 
A  man  is  a  man,  though  he  have  but  a  hose  upon  his  head 

114. 
A  man  is  a  man,  though  he  have  never  a  cap  to  his  crown. 
A  man  is  a  stark  fool  all  the  while  he's  angry. 
A  man  is  little  the  better  for  liking  himself,  if  nobody  else 

like  him. 


A.^OMVLETS  ALPHABET   OF   PliOTE&BS.  295 

A  man  is  not  good  or  bad,  for  one  action. 

A  man  is  not  so  soon  healed  as  hurt,  101. 

A  man  is  weal  or  woe,  as  he  thinks  himself  so. 

A  man  knows  his  companion  in  a  long  journey  and  a  little 

inn. 
A  man  knows  no  more  to  any  purpose  than  he  practises. 
A  man,  like  a  watch,  is  to  be  valued  for  his  goings. 
A  man  loseth  his  time,  that  comes  early  to  a  bad  bargain. 
A  man  may  be  an  artist,  though  he  have  not  his  tools  about 

him. 
A  man  may  bear  till  his  back  breaks,  70. 
A  man  may  be  good  in  the  camp,  yet  bad  in  the  church. 
A  man  may  be  kind,  an'  gie  little  o'  his  gear,  226. 
A  man  may  be  strong,  and  yet  not  mow  well. 
A  man  may  be  young  in  years,  yet  old  in  hours. 
A  man  may  buy  even  gold  too  dear,  98. 
A  man  may  cause  his  own  dog  to  bite  him,  6. 
A  man  may  come  to  market  though  he  don't  buy  oysters. 
A  man  may  hare  a  just  esteem  of  himself,  without  being 

proud. 
A  man  may  hold  his  tongue  in  an  ill  time,  103. 
A  man  may  lead  his  horse  to  water,  but  cannot  make  him 

drink,  104,  228. 
A  man  may  live  upon  little,  but  he  cannot  live  upon  nothing. 
A  man  may  love  his  house,  and  yet  not  ride  on  the  ridge,  105. 
A  man  may  lose  his  goods  for  want  of  demanding  them,  6. 
A  man  may  proToke  his  own  dog  to  bite  him. 
A  man  may  say  even  his  Pater-noster  out  of  time. 
A  man  may -say  too  much  even  upon  the  best  of  subjects. 
A  man  may  see  his  freend  need,  but  winnasee  him  bleed,  230. 
A  man  may  speir  the  gate  to  Rome,  228. 
A  man  may  spit  in  his  loof,  an'  do  little,  229. 
A  man  may  talk  like  a  vnse  man,  and  yet  act  like  a  fool. 
A  man  may  woo  whar  he  will,  but  wed  whar  he  is  wierd,  230. 
A  man  must  ask  his  wife's  leave  to  thrive,  43,  230. 
A  man  must  go  old  to  the  court,  and  young  to  a  cloister,  that 

would  go  from  thence  to  heaven,  81. 
A  man  must  plough  with  such  oxen  as  he  hath,  125. 
A  man  must  sell  his  ware  at  the  rates  of  the  market,  18. 
A  man  need  not  look  in  your  mouth  to  see  how  old  you  arc,  1 73 
A  man  never  surfeits  of  too  much  honesty,  11. 


196       ▲  COMPLETK  ALPHABET  07  PBOTXBBS. 

A  man  of  courage  never  wants  weapons. 

A  man  of  cruelty  is  God's  enemy. 

A  man  of  gladness  seldom  falls  into  madness,  20. 

A  man  of  many  trades  begs  his  bread  on  Sundays. 

A  man  of  parts  may  lie  hid  all  his  life,  unless  fortune  call  him 

out. 
A  man  of  straw  is  worth  a  woman  of  gold,  44. 
A  man  of  strange  kidney,  16/. 
A  man  of  words  and  not  of  deeds,  is  like  a  garden  fall  of 

weeds,  \9^, 
A  man  surprised  is  half  beaten. 

A  man  that  breaks  his  word,  bids  others  be  false  to  him. 
A  man  that  is  warned  is  ha'f  armed,  229. 
A  man  that  keeps  riches,  and  enjoys  them  not,  is  like  an  asa 

that  carries  gold  and  eats  thistles. 
A  man  under  no  restraint,  is  a  bear  without  a  ring. 
A  man  were  better  be  half  blind  than  have  both  his  eyes  out,  73. 
A  man  with  a  running  head  never  wants  wherewitli  to  trouble 

himself. 
A  man  with  his  belly  full  is  no  great  eater.     Span, 
A  man  without  ceremony  had  need  of  great  merit  in  its  place. 
A  man  without  money,  is  a  bow  without  an  arrow. 
A  man  without  reason,  is  a  beast  in  season,  17. 
A  man  would  not  be  alone  even  in  paradise. 
A  man's  best  fortune,  or  his  worst,  is  a  wife. 
A  man's  folly  ii  his  worst  foe,  and  his  discretion  his  best  friend, 

271. 
A  man's  folly  ought  to  be  his  greatest  secret* 
A  man's  gift  makes  room  for  him. 
A  man's  house  is  his  castle,  ]  05. 
A  man's  wealth  is  his  enemy,  267. 
A  March  wisher  is  never  a  good  fisher,  33. 
A  m^e's  shoe  and  a  horse's  shoe  are  both  alike. 
A  mariner  must  have  his  eye  upon  rocks  and  sands,  as  weU  as 

upou  the  north  star. 
A  mastiff  groweth  the  fiercer  for  being  tied  up. 
A  match,  quoth  John,  when  he  kissed  his  dame,  5(). 
A  match,  quoth  Hatch,  when  he  got  his  wife  by  the  breech,  56. 
A  May  flood  never  did  good,  33. 
A  meik  mirrour  is  a  man's  mind,  228. 
4  mein  pat  plaid  never  even,  230. 


▲  OOMFLSTl  ALPHABET  OF  FB0TXBB8.  297 

A.  mere  scholar  at  coart  it  an  ass  among  apes. 

A  merchant's  happiness  hangs  upon  chance,  winds,  and  iKaTca. 

A  merry  companion  is  masic  in  a  journey,  115. 

A  merry  companion  on  the  road  is  as  good  as  a  nag. 

A  merry  old  fool  and  a  gay  apish  matron  are  domestic  mou« 

sters. 
A  Michaelmas  rot  comes  ne'er  in  the  pot,  34. 
A  mill,  a  clock,  and  a  woman,  always  want  mending. 
A  mischievous  cnr  must  he  tied  short.    IV, 
A  mischievous  plot  may  produce  a  good  end. 
A  miss  is  as  good  as  a  mile. 
A  misty  morning  may  have  a  fine  day,  226. 
A  mittened  cat  never  was  a  good  hunter,  229. 
A  modest  man  at  court  is  the  silliest  wight  breathing. 
A  mole  wants  no  lanthom. 

A  man  is  weel  o  wae  as  he  thinks  himself  sae,  226. 
A  moneyless  man  goes  fast  through  the  market. 
A  morsel  eaten  gains  no  friend,  117. 
A  mote  may  choke  a  man,  117. 
A  mouse  in  time  may  shear  a  cable  asunder,  137. 
A  mouse  must  not  think  to  cast  a  shadow  like  an  elephant. 
A  mouthfu'  o'  meat  may  be  a  townfu'  o*  shame,  226. 
A  mjrrtle  among  thorns  is  a  myrtle  still. 
A  myrtle  standing  among  nettles,  does  notwithstanding  retain 

the  name  of  a  myrtle,  272. 
A  nag  with  a  weamb  and  a  mare  with  a  nean,  i.  e.  none,  37. 
A  new  broom  sweeps  clean,  228. 
A  new  tout  in  an  auld  horn,  230. 

A  nice  wife  and  a  back  door  do  often  make  a  rich  man  poor,  44, 
A  nightingale  won't  sing  in  a  cage. 
A  noble  house-keeper  needs  no  doors,  6. 
A  nod  for  a  wise  man,  and  a  rod  for  a  fool,  280. 
A  nod  from  a  lord  is  a  breakfast  for  a  fool. 
A  nod  of  an  honest  man  is  enough,  227. 
A  pebble  and  a  diamond  are  alike  to  a  blind  man. 
A  peck  of  March  dust,  and  a  shower  in  May,  makes  the  com 

green,  and  the  fields  gay. 
A  penny  more  buys  the  whistle. 
A  penny  saved  is  a  penny  gained, 
u  A  penny  saved  is  two  pence  got,  124. 
A  penny-weight  of  love  is  worth  a  pound  of  law. 


298      ▲  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTERBd. 

A  pennyworth  of  ease  is  worth  a  penny,  88. 

A  pennyworth  of  mirth  is  worth  a  pound  of  sorrow,  IIG. 

A  pensive  soul  feeds  upon  nothing  but  bitters. 

A  petitioner  at  court  that  spares  his  purse,  angles  without  a 

bait. 
A  piece  of  a  kid  is  worth  two  of  a  cat,  108. 
A  pig  of  my  own  sow,  1/3. 

A  pilot  is  not  chosen  for  his  riches,  but  his  knowledge. 
A  pin  a  day  is  a  groat  a  year. 
A  pitcher  that  goes  oh  to  the  well,  is  broken  at  last. 
A  place  at  court  is  a  continual  bribe. 
A  pkister  is  but  small  amends  for  a  broken  head. 
A  pleasure  is  well  paid  for  which  is  long  expected.     Ital, 
A  Plymouth  cloak,  201. 
A  point  next  the  wrist,  61. 

A  poor  man  has  not  many  marks  for  fortune  to  shoot  at. 
A  poor  man  is  fain  o*  little,  230. 

A  poor  man  wants  some  things,  a  covetous  man  all  things. 
A  poor  man's  debt  makes  a  great  noise. 
A  poor  spirit  is  poorer  than  a  poor  purse. 
A  poor  squire  ought  to  have  his  cup  of  silver,  and  his  kettle 

of  copper.     Span. 
A  poor  wedding  is  a  prologue  to  misery. 
A  pot  that  belongs  to  many,  is  ill  stirred  and  worse  boiled. 
A  pound  of  care  will  not  pay  an  ounce  of  debt,  76. 
A  pretty  fellow  to  make  an  axle  tree  for  an  oven,  148. 
A  pretty  pig  makes  an  ugly  old  sow. 
A  princely  mind  will  undo  a  private  family. 
A  prince  wants  a  million,  a  beggar  but  a  groat. 
A  profitable  religion  never  wanted  proselytes.     ItaL 
A  promise  against  law  or  duty,  is  void  in  its  own  nature. 
A  proud  eye,  an  open  purse,  and  a  light  wife,  breeds  mischief 

to  the  first,  misery  to  the  second,  and  horns  to  the  third. 
A  proud  look  makes  foul  work  in  a  fine  face. 
A  proud  man  hath  many  crosses. 
A  proud  mind  and  a  poor  purse  are  ill  met. 
A  puff  of  wind  and  popular  praise  weigh  alike. 
A  purse  without  money  is  but  a  piece  of  leather,  22S. 
A  quartan  ague  kills  old  men,  and  heals  young,  30. 
A  quiet  conscience  sleeps  in  thunder* 
k  quiet  tongue  shows  a  wise  head. 


A  COMPLETE   ALPHABET  OF  PB0TEUB8.  299 

A  race  horse  is  an  open  sepulchre,  105. 

A  rackless  hussie  maks  mony  thieves,  227. 

A  ragged  colt  may  make  a  good  horse. 

A  rascal  grown  rich  has  lost  all  his  kindred. 

A  red  beard  and  a  black  head,  catch  him  with  a  good  txick^ 

and  take  him  dead,  195. 
A  red-headed  man  will  make  a  good  stallion,  50. 
A  ready  way  to  lose  your  friend,  is  to  lend  him  money. 
A  reconciled  Mend  is  a  doable  enemy. 
A  rich  friend  is  a  treasure. 

A  rich  man's  foolish  sayings  pass  for  wise  ones.     Span, 
A  rich  mouthful,  a  heavy  groan.     Span, 
A  rich  rogue  ;  two  shirts  and  a  rag,  58. 
A  right  easterly  wind  is  very  unkind,  224. 
A  right  Englishman  knows  not  when  a  thing  is  well,  89* 
A  rogue  in  grain  is  a  rogue  amain. 
A  rogue's  wardrobe  is  harbour  for  a  louse,  128. 
A  roUing  stone  gathers  no  moss. 
A  rope  and  butter;  if  one  slip,  t'other  will  hold,  176. 

A  rotten  cane  abides  no  handling. 

A  rotten  sheep  infects  the  whole  flock. 

A  rouk-town's  seldom  a  good  house-wife  at  home,  46. 

A  rowing  stane  gathers  nae  fog,  227- 

A  rugged  stone  grows  smooth  from  hand  to  hand,  18. 

A  runavray  monk  never  praises  his  convent.     ItaL 

A  salmon  from  the  pool,  a  wand  from  the  wood,  and  a  deer 
from  the  hills,  are  thefts  which  no  man  was  ever  ashamed 
to  own.     Gaelic, 

A  Saturday's  moon,  if  it  comes  once  in  seven  years,  comes 
too  soon,  204. 

A  scabbed  horse  is  good  enough  for  a  scabbed  knight,  130. 

A  scald  head  is  soon  broken,  228. 

A  Scarborough  warning.     Yorkshire,  223. 

A  sceptre  is  one  thing,  a  ladle  another,  18. 

A  scholar  may  be  gufied  thrice  ;  a  soldier  but  once,  269. 

A  scofif  is  the  reward  of  bashfulness. 

A  Scotch  warming-pan,  i,e,  a  wench,  61. 

A  scot  on  Scot's  bank,  59. 

A  Scotsman  is  ay  wise  a-hent  the  hand,  230. 
A  Scottish  man,  and  a  Newcastle  grindstone,  travel  all  tlic  world 
over,    ffarthumherlandj  217. 


SCK)       A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PB0TEUB8. 

A  Scottish  mist  may  wet  an  Englishman  to  the  skin,  l/I.  229. 
A  seaman  if  he  carries  a  millstone  will  have  a  quail  out  of  it, 

G2. 
A  servant  and  a  cock  should  he  kept  hut  a  year* 
A  servant  is  known  hy  his  master's  ahsence. 
A  servant  never  yet  miscarried  through  excess  of  respect. 
A  shameless  heggar  must  have  a  short  denial. 
A  sharp  stomach  makes  short  devotion,  132. 
A  ship,  a  mill,  and  a  woman  are  always  repairing^  44. 
A  shive  of  my  own  loaf,  173. 
A  shoemaker's  wife  and  a  smith's  mare  are  always  the  worst 

shod. 
A  short  horse  is  soon  curried,  104,  131. 
A  short  man  needs  no  stool  to  give  a  long  luhher  a  hox  on  the 

ear,  132. 
A  short  tree  stands  lang,  229. 
A  shower  in  July,  when  the  com  hegins  to  fill,  is  worth  a  plough 

of  oxen  and  all  belongs  there  till,  33. 
A  shrew  profitable  may  serve  a  man  reasonable. 
A  sillerless  man  gangs  fast  through  the  market,  227. 
A  silly  bairn  is  eith  to  lear,  227. 
A  silver  key  can  open  an  iron  lock. 
A  single  fact  is  worth  a  shipload  of  argument, 
A  skilful  mechanic  is  a  good  pilgrim.     Span. 
A  sleeveless  errand,  158. 
A  slight  gift,  small  thanks. 
A  slip  of  the  foot  may  be  soon  recovered  ;   but  that  of  the 

tongue  perhaps  never. 
A  slothfu'  man  is  a  beggar's  brither,  227. 
A  sluggard  takes  an  hundred  steps  because  he  would  not  tak 

one  in  due  time. 
A  small  demerit  extinguishes  a  long  service. 
A  small  family  is  soon  provided  for. 
A  small  hurt  m  the  eye  is  a  great  one. 
A  small  leak  vnll  sink  a  great  ship. 
A  small  matter  hurts  one  that  is  sore. 
A  small  officer,  57. 

A  small  pack  becomes  a  small  pedlar,  132. 
A  small  rain  may  allay  a  great  storm. 
A  small  sore  wants  not  a  great  plaster. 
^   A  small  spark  makes  a  great  fire. 


A  COMPLETE  ALFHABST  07  PBOTEBBS.  301 

k  small  Bum  may  serve  for  a  small  reckoning,  132. 

A  smart  reproof  is  better  than  smooth  deceit. 

A  smiling  boy  seldom  proves  a  good  servant,  19. 

A  smoking  chimney  in  a  great  house  is  a  good  sign. 

A  snow  year,  a  rich  year. 

A  sober  man,  a  soft  answer,  267. 

A  soft  answer  bids  a  f arioso  to  put  up  his  sword, 

A  soldier,  fire,  and  water,  soon  make  room  fov  themselves 

Ital. 
A  solitary  man  is  either  a  brute  or  an  angel. 
A  sorry  dog  is  not  worth  the  whistling  after. 
A  sorrowfu'  heart's  ay  dry,  227. 
A  sorrowing  bairn  was  never  fat. 
A  soul  in  a  fat  body  lieth  soft,  and  is  loth  to  rise. 
A  sow  to  a  fiddle,  178. 

A  spaniel,  a  woman,  and  a  walnut  tree,  the  more  they  be  beaten 
the  better  they  be,  44. 

A  sparrow  in  hand  is  worth  a  pheasant  that  fiieth  by. 

A  spoonfu'  o'  skitter  will  spoil  a  patfu'  o'  skink,  230. 

A  spot  is  most  seen  upon  the  finest  cloth. 

A  spur  in  the  head  is  i^orth  two  in  the  heek. 

A  still  sow  eate  a'  the  draff,  229. 

A  stitch  in  time  saves  nine. 

A  stout  heart  crushes  ill  luck. 

A  straight  stick  is  crooked  in  the  watei. 

A  stroke  at  every  tree,  without  felling  any. 

A  stumble  may  prevent  a  fall. 

A  successful  man  loses  no  reputation. 

A  suit  at  law  and  a  urinal  brings  a  man  to  the  hospital,  12. 

A  swarm  of  bees  in  May  is  worth  a  load  of  hay,  but  a  swarm 
in  July  is  not  worth  a  fly,  33. 

A  sweet  and  innocent  compliance  is  the  cement  of  love. 

A  swine  fatted  hath  eat  its  own  bane. 

A  taking  hand  will  never  want,  227. 

A  tale  never  tines  in  the  teUing,  227* 

A  tale  of  atUD,  180. 

A  tale,  twice  told,  is  cabbage  twice  sold. 

A  tall  man  of  his  hands,  he  will  not  let  a  beast  rest  in  hit 

pockets,  60. 
A  tarrowing  bairn  was  never  fat,  228. 
A  Uttler  is  war  than  a  thief,  228. 


302  ▲  COMPLXTS  AXPHABXT  07  PBOTIBBS. 

A  thief  knows  a  thief,  as  a  wolf  knows  a  wolf. 

A  thief  passes  for  a  gentleman,  when  stealing  has  made  him 

rich. 
A  thin  huah  is  better  than  no  shelter. 
A  thin  meadow  is  soon  mowed,  20. 
A  thinking  man  is  always  striking  out  something  new. 
A  thistle  is  a  fat  salad  fbr  an  ass*s  mouth. 
A. thousand  pounds  and  a  bottle  of  hay  are  just  the  same  st 

doomsday,  9. 
A  thousand  probabilities  do  not  make  one  truth. 
A  thousand  years  hence,  the  river  will  run  as  it  did. 
A  thread-bare  coat  is  armour  proof  against  highwaymen. 
A  thread  too  fine  spun  will  easily  break. 
A  thrush  paid  for,  is  better  than  a  turkey  owing  for. 
A  tinker's  budget's  full  of  necessary  tools,  13/. 
A  tired  traveller  must  be  glad  of  an  ass,  if  he  have  not  a 

horse. 
A  tocherless  dame  sits  lang  at  hame,  227. 
A  toiling  dog  comes  halting  home. 
A  toom  pantry  makes  a  thriftlefw  gude  wife,  227- 
A  toom  purse  maks  a  blate  merchant,  227. 
A  too  quick  return  of  an  obligation  is  a  sort  of  ingratitude 
A  tradesman  who  gets  not,  loseth,  21. 
A  tragical  plot  may  produce  a  comical  conclusion. 
A  travelled  man  hath  leave  to  lie,  229. 
A  tree  is  known  by  its  fruit,  9. 
A  trick  and  a  half,  181. 

A  true  friend  does  sometimes  venture  to  be  offensive. 
A  true  friend  should  be  like  a  privy,  open  in  necessity. 
A  true  nobleman  would  prefer  rags  to  patched  clothes.  Spnn, 
A  true  reformation  must  begin  at  the  upper  end. 
A  t — d's  as  good  for  a  sow  as  a  pancake,  133. 
A  turn  weel  done  is  soon  done,  227> 
A  tyrant's  breath  is  another's  death. 
A  vaunter  an*  a  liar  are  baith  ae  thing,  227. 
A  very  proud  man  is  always  wilful. 
A  vicious  man's  son  has  a  good  title  to  vice. 
A  virtuous  woman,  though  ugly,  is  the  ornament  of  the  house 
A  wager  is  a  fool's  argument. 
A  watched  pan  is  long  in  boiling,  173. 
A  wee  bush  is  better  than  nae  bield,  227. 


A  COHFLSTS  ALPHABET  OF  FBOTSBBa.       303 

A  wee  house  has  a  wide  mou',  227* 

A  wee  mouse  can  creep  under  a  great  corn  stack,  227. 

A  wee  thing  fleys  cowards,  227. 

A  whet  is  not  let,  said  the  mower,  141. 

A  whetstone  though  it  can't  itself  cut,  makes  tools  ctt. 

A  whip  for  a  fool,  and  a  rod  for  a  school,  is  always  in  good 

season,  195. 
A  white  glove  often  conceals  a  dirty  hand.    IkiL 
A  white-hvered  fellow,  61. 

A  whole  bushel  of  wheat  is  made  up  of  single  grains. 
A  wicked  book  is  the  wickeder,  because  it  cannot  repent. 
A  wicked  companion  invites  us  all  to  hell. 
A  wicked  man  is  afraid  of  his  own  memory. 
A  wicked  man  is  his  own  hell. 
A  wicked  woman  and  an  evil  is  three-half-pence  wort e  tha£ 

the  devil,  45. 
A  wight  man  ne'er  wanted  a  weapon,  227. 
A  wild  colt  may  become  a  sober  horse. 
A  wild  goose  never  laid  a  tame  egg,  270. 
A  wilful  fault  has  no  excuse,  and  deserves  no  pardon, 
A  wilful  man  had  need  be  very  wise. 
A  wilful, man  never  wants  woe. 
A  wiUing  mind  makes  a  light  foot. 

A  windy  March  and  a  rainy  April  make  a  beautiful  May,  33 
A  winter's  thunder,  a  summer's  wonder,  35. 
A  wise  head  hath  a  close  mouth  to  it,  143. 
A  wise  lawyer  never  goes  to  law  himself. 
A  wise  look  may  secure  a  fool,  if  he  talk  not. 
A  wise  man  begins  in  the  end  ;  a  fool  ends  in  the  beginning 
^  A  wise  man  changes  his  mind,  a  fool  never,  23. 
A  wise  man  gets  learning  from  those  who  have  none  them  > 

selves,  271. 
A  wise  mail  hath  more  ballast  than  sail. 
A  wise  man  is  a  great  wonder. 
A  wise  man  is  never  less  alone  than  when  he  is  alone.     Anu 

brose. 
A  wise  man  knows  his  own. 
A  wise  man  may  be  kind  without  cost. 
A  wise  man  may  look  ridiculous  in  the  company  of  focLi. 
i  wise  man  turns  chance  into  good  fortune. 
\.  wise  man  will  make  more  opportunities  than  he  finds. 


904  A  ancnnrs  auhulmmi  or 


4  wiie  num  will  nske  tools  ci 
A  viae  Mui'i  ]om  m  hm  KCRt. 
A  vue  Ban's  thoazhu  wilk  wiihm  kia,  bal  s  fooTs  vilLtxit 


A  wooMa  and  a  dmrr  are  painlrJ  fiar  dicir 

A  womao  and  a  givyiioiDMi  mart  be  aattll  in  tiie  vnK.  ^mhl 

A  woiaaa  eooccala  what  she  knova  noC 

A  woaaa  is  known  hj  her  walking  and  diinknig.     Spmu 

A  woman  is  to  be  from  her  honw  thiec  Ucjbm  :    when  she  ia 

efanstcncd,  married,  and  bviied. 
A  wonmn's  amnatl  is  not  worth  anch»  hat  he  that  despiiea  it 

is  no  wiKT  than  he  should  be»  48. 
A  woman's  mind  and  winter  wind  dmnge  oft,  44. 
A  woman's  strength  is  in  her  tongue,  268. 
A  woman's  tongne  wags  like  a  ]amb*s  tail,  44. 
A  woman's  work,  and  washing  of  dishes,  is  never  at  an  eni!, 

45. 
A  woman  that  loves  to  be  at  the  window,  is  like  a  bunch  of 

grapes  on  the  highway. 
A  woman  that  paints,  puts  np  a  biD  to  let. 
A  wonder  lasts  bat  nine  days^  and  then  the  pi^py^s  eyes  are 

open,  143. 
A  wooden  leg  is  better  than  no  kg. 
A  wool-seller  knows  a  wool-boyer,  143. 
A  word  and  a  blow,  183. 

A  word  and  a  stone  let  go  cannot  be  called  back,  144. 
A  word  before  is  worth  two  after. 
A  word  hurts  more  than  a  wound. 
A  word  is  enough  to  the  wise. 
A  word  spoken  is  an  arrow  let  fly. 
A  work  ill  done  most  be  twice  done,  269. 
A  work  well  began  is  half  ended.     Fiato, 
A  wound  is  not  cured  by  the  unbending  of  the  bow. 
A  woanded  reputation  is  seldom  cured. 
A  yeeld  sow  was  ne'er  gude  to  grices,  228. 
A  yeoman  upon  his  legs,  is  higher  than  a  prince  upon  hij 

knees. 
A  young  man  negligent,  an  old  man  necessitous,  24,  106. 
A  young  prodigal  an  old  mumper. 
A  young  saint,  an  old  devil,  145. 
A  young  serving-man,  an  old  beggar,  145. 


▲  COJfFTKTS  AJ*VTfAXZT  OF  PBOTXSBB.  305 

A  young  trooper  sboald  have  an  old  horse. 

A  young  twig  is  easier  twisted  than  an  old  tree* 

A  yonng  whore,  an  old  saint,  141. 

A  young  woman  married  to  an  old  man,  must  behave  like  an 

old  woman. 
A  Yule  feast  may  be  done  at  Patch,  230. 
Absence  cools  moderate  passions,  but  inflames  violent  ones. 
Absence  sharpens  love,  presence  strengthens  it. 
Abundance,  like  want,  ruins  many. 
Abundance  o'  law  braks  nae  law,  226. 
Abused  patience  turns  to  fury. 
According  to  your  purse,  govern  your  mouth.    Bal, 
Account  not  that  work  slavery  that  brings  in  penny  savory,  36. 
Accusing  is  proving,  where  malice  and  force  sit  judges. 
Accusing  the  times  is  but  excusing  ourselves. 
Action  is  the  proper  fruit  of  knowledge. 

Actions  measured  by  time,  seldom  prove  bitter  by  repentance. 

Admiration  is  the  daughter  of  ignorance. 

Advantage  is  a  better  soldier  than  rashness. 

Adversity  flattereth  no  man. 

Adversity  is  easier  borne  than  prosperity  forgot. 

Adversity  makes  wise,  though  not  nch,  66. 

Adversity  often  leads  to  prosperity. 

Advice  to  all,  security  for  none. 

Advice  whispered  in  the  ear  is  worth  a  jeer. 

Adrise  no  one  to  go  to  the  wars,  or  to  marry.     Span. 

Advise  not  what  is  most  pleasant,  but  what  is  most  useful. 
Solon. 

Ae  beggar  is  wae  that  anither  by  the  gate  gae,  229. 

Ae  bird  i*  the  hand  is  worth  ten  fleeing,  226. 

Ae  hand  winna  wash  the  ither  for  nought,  226. 

Ae  hour  8  canld  will  suck  out  seven  years*  heat,  226. 

Ae  ill  word  meets  anither,  an'  it  were  at  the  brig  of  London, 
229. 

Ae  ounce  o'  mither-wit  is  worth  a  pound  o'  clergy,  230. 

Affairs,  like  salt  fish,  ought  to  be  a  good  while  a  soaking. 

Affairs  that  are  done  by  due  degrees,  are  soon  ended. 

Affected  superiority  mars  good  fellowship. 
Affinity  in  hearts  is  the  nearest  kindred. 
Affirmations  are  apter  to  be  believed  than  negations. 
Afraid  of  far  enough,  147. 
Afr*id  of  hi9  own  shadow,  147. 

X 


306       ▲  C0MPL1T£  ALPHABET  OF  PR0TIEB8. 


Afraid  of  the  hatchet,  lest  the  heWe  stick  in  his  a-^,  147. 

Aft  counting  keeps  freends  lang  thegither,  226. 

After  a  delay  comes  a  stay,  189. 

After  a  dream  of  a  wedding  comes  a  corpae*  88. 

After  a  famine  in  the  stall,  comes  a  £unine  in  the  hall,  35. 

After  a  lank  comes  a  bank,  109. 

After  a  storm  comes  a  calm,  135. 

After  cheese  comes  nothing,  27. 

After  Christmas  comes  Lent,  78. 

After  clouds,  calm  weather,  127»  135. 

After  death,  the  doctor,  84. 

After  dinner  sit  awhile  ;  after  sapper  walk  a  mile,  27. 

After  having  cried  up  their  wine,  they  sell  us  vinegar. 

After  Lammas  com  ripens  as  much  by  night  as  by  day^  37* 

Afler  meat,  comes  mustard,  114. 

After  melon,  wine  is  a  felon,  31. 

Afler  pear,  wine  or  the  priest,  31. 

After  rain  comes  fair  weather. 

After  the  greatest  danger  is  the  greatest  pleasure. 

After  this  leaf  another  grows. 

Aft  times  the  cautioner  pays  the  debt,  226. 

Against  Gk>d's  wrath  no  castle  is  thunder  proof. 

Against  the  wild-fire  of  the  mob  there  is  no  defence. 

Age  and  wedlock  bring  a  man  to  his  night-cap,  42. 

Age  and  wedlock  tame  man  and  beast 

Age  and  wedlock  we  all  desire  and  repent  of. 

Agree,  for  the  law  is  costly,  66. 

Agues  come  on  horseback,  but  go  away  on  foot,  25. 

Air  coming  in  at  a  window,  is  as  bad  as  a  crossbow-shot,  31  • 

Airly  crooks  the  tree  that  gude  cam  mock  shou'd  be,  230. 

Ale  sellers  shou'd  na  be  tale  tellers,  226. 

Ale  that  would  make  a  cat  to  speak,  64. 

Alexander  himself  was  once  a  crying  babe. 

Alexander  was  below  a  man,  when  he  affected  to  be  a  god* 

Alike  every  day  makes  a  clout  on  Sunday,  229. 

All  are  desirous  to  win  the  prixe. 

All  are  good  maids,  but  whence  come  the  bad  wives  t 

4'  are  na  maidens  that  wear  bare  hair,  230. 

All  are  not  friends  that  speak  one  fair,  96. 

All  are  not  hanged  that  are  condemned. 

All  are  not  hunters  that  blow  the  horn,  106. 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF   PB0TERB8.  307 

All  Are  not  saints  that  go  to  church.     Ital. 

All  are  not  thieves  that  dogs  bark  at,  136. 

All  are  not  turners  that  are  dish  throwers,  138. 

All  asiding  as  hogs  fighting,  49. 

All  between  the  cradle  and  the  coffin  is  uncertain. 

All  blood  is  alike  ancient. 

All  brings  grist  to  your  mill,  163. 

All  cats  are  alike  grey  in  the  night,  77* 

All  commend  patience,  but  none  can  endure  to  suffer* 

All  complain  of  want  of  memory,  but  none  of  want  of  judg« 

ment. 
All  covet,  all  lose,  81. 
A'  cracks,  a'  bears,  230. 
All  cry,  Fie  on  the  fool,  268. 
All  death  is  sudden  to  the  unprepared. 
All  doors  open  to  courtesy. 
.V  fails  that  fools  think,  229. 

All  fame  is  dangerous  :  good  bringeth  envy  ;  bad,  shame. 
All  feet  tread  not  in  one  shoe,  16. 
All  fellows  at  football,  159. 
All  fire  and  tow,  160. 
All  fish  are  not  caught  with  fiies. 
All  flesh  is  not  venison,  93. 
All  flowers  are  not  in  one  garland. 
All  fool,  or  aU  philosopher. 
^Ul  friends  round  the  Wrekin,  not  forgetting  the  trunk-makef 

and  his  son  Tom,  63. 
All  goeth  down  Gutter  Lane.     Londony  215. 
All  good  is  the  better  for  being  diffusive. 
"  .Ml  happiness  is  in  tlie  mi^d. 
All  her  dishes  are  chaflng  dishes. 
All  human  power  is  but  comparative. 
All  is  but  lip-wisdom,  that  wanteth  experience. 
All  is  fine  that  is  fit. 
^  All  is  fish  that  comes  to  his  net,  160. 
All's  good  in  a  famine. 

All's  lost  that  is  poured  into  a  cracked  dish,  128. 
All  is  not  at  hand  that  helps,  227. 
All  is  not  butter  that  comes  from  the  cow,  75. 
«-  All  is  not  gold  that  glitters,  98. 
Ml  ii  not  gospel  that  comes  out  of  his  mouth,  163. 


308       A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF   PB0TSBB8. 

All  is  not  lost  that  is  in  peril,  113,  227. 

All  is  not  won  that  is  put  in  the  purse,  127. 

All's  out  is  good  for  prisoners,  but  naught  for  the  eye,  122. 

All  is  soon  ready  in  an  orderly  house. 

All  is  well,  and  the  man  has  his  mare  again,  170. 

All's  well  that  ends  well,  89. 

All  lay  load  on  the  willing  horse,  113. 

All  liquors  are  not  for  every  one's  likinff. 

All  matters  not  in  my  lord  judge's  hand,  56, 

All  meat  is  not  the  same  in  every  man's  mouth. 

All  meat  is  to  be  eaten,  all  maids  to  be  wed,  47 • 

All  men  can't  be  first. 

All  men  can't  be  masters. 

All  men  naturally  have  some  love  of  truth. 

All  men  row  galley  way,  i.^.  every  one  draweth  towards  him- 
self, 14. 

All  men  think  their  enemies  ill  men. 

All  of  heaven  and  hell  is  not  known  till  hereafter. 

All  one,  but  their  meat  must  go  two  ways,  57. 

A'  o*ers  are  ill,  but  o*er  the  water  an'  o'er  the  hill,  230. 

All  promises  are  either  broken  or  kept,  126. 

All  rivers  do  what  they  can  for  the  sea. 

All  saint  without,  all  devil  within. 

All  snail  be  well,  and  Jack  shall  have  Jill,  182. 

All  strive  to  give  to  the  rich  man. 

A'  Stuarts  are  na  sib  to  the  king,  226. 

All  sweets  are  not  wholesome. 

All  temptations  are  found  either  in  hope  or  fear. 

All  that  are  black,  dig  not  for  coa)s. 

All  that  are  in  a  bed  must  not  have  quiet  rest,  70. 

All  that  breed  in  the  mud  are  not  eels. 

All  that  is  said  in  the  parlour,  should  not  be  heard  in  the  hall. 

All  that  you  get  you  may  put  in  your  eye,  and  see  never  the 
worse,  161. 

All  the  carts  that  come  to  Crowland  are  shodvnth  silver,  211 

A'  the  corn  i'  the  country  is  na  shorn  by  kempers,  229. 

All  the  craft  is  in  the  catching,  155. 

All  the  dogs  follow  the  salt  bitch,  86. 

All  the  fat  is  in  the  fire,  1.^. 

All  the  honesty  is  in  the  parting,  123. 

All  the  joys  in  the  world  cannot  take  one  grey  hair  oat  of  our 
heada 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PB0YERB8.       30$ 

AU  the  keys  bang  not  at  one  man's  girdle,  108,  228. 

All  the  leven  you  can  bring  will  not  beave  it  up,  168. 

All  the  months  in  the  year  curse  a  fair  Februeer,  32. 

All  the  praise  of  inward  virtue  consists  in  outward  action. 

All  the  speed  is  in  the  spurs,  229. 

All  the  water  in  the  sea  cannot  wash  out  tbis  stain. 

A'  the  winning  is  i'  the  first  buying,  229. 

All  the  world  is  not  wise  conduct  and  stratagem. 

All  the  world  will  beat  tbe  man  whom  fortune  buffets. 

All  things  are  difficult  before  tbey  are  easy. 

All  things  are  easy  that  are  done  willingly. 

A'  things  are  gude  unsay'd,  230. 

A*  things  are  gude  untry'd,  226. 

All  things  are  not  to  be  granted  at  all  times. 

All  thmgs  are  soon  prepared  in  a  well-ordered  bouse,  11. 

A*  things  hae  a  beginning,  227- 

A'  things  hae  an  end,  an'  a  pudding  has  twa,  230. 

All  things  help,  quoth  the  wren,  when  she  piss'd  in  the  sea,  89| 

230. 
All  things  that  great  men  do  are  well  done. 
A*  things  thrive  but  thrice,  229. 

All  things  thrive  with  him  ;  he  eats  silk,  and  voids  velvet. 
A'  things  wyte  that  na  weel  fares,  229. 
All  this  wind  shakes  no  com,  182. 
All  tongues  are  not  made  of  the  same  flesh. 
All  truth  is  not  to  be  told  at  all  times,  138. 
All  unwarrantable  delights  have  an  ill  farewelL 
All  vice  infatuates  and  corrupts  the  judgment. 
A'  wa'd  hae  a',  a'  wa'd  forgie,  228. 
All  women  are  good ;  viz.  good  for  something,  or  good  for 

nothing,  44. 
AU  work  and  no  play  makes  Jack  a  dull  boy,  145. 
All  worldly  happiness  consists  in  opinion. 
All  your  eggs  have  two  yolks  apiece,  I  warrant  you. 
All  your  geese  are  swans,  161. 
Almost  and  very  nigh  saves  many  a  he,  67* 
Almost  was  never  hanged,  67. 

Alms  are  the  golden  key,  that  opens  the  gate  of  heaTcn. 
Alms-giving  never  made  any  man  poor,  nor  robbery  rich,  nor 

prosperity  wise. 
Always  put  the  saddle  on  the  right  horse. 


310       A  COKPLBTE  AXFHABBT  OV  FB0TKBB8. 

AlwAys  taking  out  of  the  meal  tub,  and  never  putting  in,  soon 

comes  to  the  bottom. 
AlvravB  you  are  to  be  rich  next  year. 
Amangst  twenty-four  fools  no  ae  wise  man,  230. 
Ambition  plagues  her  proselytes. 
Amendment  is  repentance. 
Among  the  people,  Scoggin  is  a  doctor,  130. 
Among  the  perus  and  dangers  of  life,  aolitode  is  none  of  the 

least. 
An  acute  word  cuts  deeper  than  a  sharp  weapon. 
An  affected  superiority  spoils  company. 
An  ague  in  spring  is  pbysic  for  a  king. 
An  angler  eats  more  than  he  gets. 
An  angry  man  is  again  angry  with  himself,  when  he  returns 

to  reason.     PuhUtu  Syrm. 
An  angry  man  opens  his  mouth  and  shuts  his  eyes.     Cato. 
An  answer  is  a  word,  230. 
An  ape  may  chance  to  sit  amongst  the  doctors. 
An  ape's  an  ape ;  a  varlet's  a  varlet,  though  they  be  clad  in 

silk  or  scarlet. 
An  ape  is  ne'er  so  like  an  ape  as  when  he  wears  a  doctor^s  cape. 
An  apple,  an  egg,  and  a  nut,  you  may  eat  after  a  slat,  25. 
An  apple  may  happen  to  be  better  given  than  eaten. 
An  April  flood  carries  away  the  frog  and  her  brood. 
An  Argus  at  home,  and  a  mole  abroad. 
An  artful  fellow  is  a  devil  in  a  doublet,  67. 
An  artist  Uves  every  where. 
An  ass  covered  with  ffold  is  more  respected  than  a  good  ^orae 

with  a  pack-saddle,  68. 
An  ass  is  but  an  ass,  though  laden  with  gold. 
An  ass  is  cold  even  in  the  summer  solstice,  274. 
An  ass  is  the  gravest  beast,  an  owl  the  gravest  bird. 
An  ass  loaded  with  gold  climbs  to  the  top  of  a  castle. 
An  ass  must  be  tied  where  the  master  will  have  him. 
An  ass  that  carries  a  load  is  better  than  a  lion  that  devours  men 
An  ass  that  kicketh  against  the  wall,  receives  the  blow  himseli 
An  ass  was  never  cut  out  for  a  lap  dog,  68. 
An  atheist  is  one  point  beyond  the  devil. 
An  auld  mason  makes  a  gude  barrow-man,  226. 
An  auld  sack  craves  meikle  clouting,  228. 
An  auld  sack  is  ay  skailing,  228. 


A   COMPLETE  AIiPHABET  07   PB0TEBB8.  311 

4ii  easy  fool  is  a  knave's  tool 

An  egg,  and  to  bed,  27,  158. 

An  egg  will  be  in  tbree  bellies  in  twenty-fonr  boars,  89. 

An  emmet  may  work  its  heart  out,  but  can  never  make  honey. 

An  empty  bag  cannot  stand  upright. 

An  empty  belly  hears  nobody. 

An  empty  purse  and  a  new  house  make  a  man  wise  but  too 

late,  17. 
An  empty  purse  fills  the  face  with  wrinkles,  17. 
An  empty  purse  frights  away  friends. 
Au  enemy  is  a  perpetual  spy. 
An  enemy  may  chance  to  give  good  counsel. 
An  enemy  to  beauty  is  a  foe  to  nature. 
An  envious  man  is  a  squint-ey*d  fool. 

An  envious  man  waxes  lean  with  the  fatness  of  his  neighbour. 
An  evelit  mither  maks  a  sweer  daughter,  227. 
An  evening  red  and  a  morning  grey  is  a  sign  of  a  fair  day,  36. 
An  evil  conscience  breaks  many  a  man's  neck,  81. 
An  evil  lesson  is  soon  learned. 
An  hired  horse  tired  never,  229. 
An  honest  and  diligent  servant  is  an  humble  friend. 
An  honest  look  covereth  many  faults. 
An  honest  man  and  a  good  bowler,  166. 
An  honest  man  has  half  as  much  more  brains  as  he  needs ;  a 

knave  hath  not  half  enough. 
An  honest  man's  word  is  as  good  as  his  bond. 
An  honest  miller  hath  a  golden  thumb,  116. 
An  honourable  death  is  better  than  an  inglorious  life.     Saeratsi. 
An  hour  in  the  morning  is  worth  two  in  the  evening. 
An  hour  may  destroy  what  an  age  was  building. 
An  hour  of  pain  is  as  long  as  a  day  of  pleasure. 
An  hungry  dog  will  eat  dung. 
An  hypocrite  pays  tribute  to  God,  only  that  he  may  impose 

upon  men. 
An  idle  brain  is  the  devil's  workshop. 
An  idle  person  is  the  devil's  playfellow,  106. 
Ad  idle  youth,  a  needy  age. 
An  ill  cook  should  have  a  good  cleaver,  22S. 
An  ill  cow  may  have  a  good  calf. 
An  ill  father  aesireth  not  an  ill  son. 
An  ill  hound  comes  halting  hame,  230. 


312       ▲  OOMFLETE  iXPUABKT  OF  FBOTSBBS. 

An  ill  life,  an  ill  end,  229. 

An  ill  man  in  office  is  a  mischief  to  the  public. 

An  ill  man  is  worst  when  he  appeareth  good. 

An  ill  marriage  is  a  spring  of  ill  fortune,  42. 

An  ill  paymaster  never  wants  an  excuse. 

An  ill  plea  should  be  well  pleaded.  \ 

An  ill  receiver  makes  an  ill  paymaster. 

An  ill  servant  will  ne'er  be  a  gude  master,  SStf.  | 

An  ill  shearer  ne'er  gat  a  gude  hook,  228. 

An  ill-spun  weft  will  out  either  now  or  eft,  141.  | 

An  ill  stake  standeth  longest,  11. 

An  ill  style  is  better  than  a  lewd  story.  i 

An  ill-tim'd  jest  hath  ruined  many. 

An  ill  turn  is  soon  done,  226. 

An  ill  wan  penny  will  cast  down  a  pound,  229.  ' 

s^  An  ill  workman  quarrels  with  his  tools. 

An  illiterate  king  is  a  crowned  ass.  I 

t^  An  ill  wind  that  blows  nobody  good. 

An  ill  wound  may  be  cured,  not  an  ill  name. 

An  illy-willy  cow  shou'd  hae  short  horns,  228. 

An  incensed  lover  shuts  his  eyes,  and  tells  himself  many  lieik  i 

Publius  Syritu. 

An  inch  breaketh  no  square,  107. 

An  inch  in  a  man's  nose  is  much. 

An  inch  in  an  hour,  is  a  foot  in  a  day's  work,  54. 

An  inch  in  missing,  is  as  bad  as  an  ell. 

An  inch  o'  a  nag  is  worth  a  span  o'  an  aver,  230.  i 

An  indifferent  agreement  is  better  than  carrying  a  cause  at  law. 

An  injury  forgiven  is  better  than  an  injury  revenged,  270.  I 

An  insolent  lord  is  not  a  gentleman. 

An  irritable  and  passionate  man  is  a  downright  drunkard,  ^^^miis,  | 

An  t)ak  is  not  felled  at  one  chop. 

An  obedient  wife  commands  her  husband. 

An  occasion  lost  cannot  be  redeemed,  120. 

An  old  ape  hath  an  old  eye,  120. 

An  old  cart  well  used,  a  new  one  abused. 

An  old  cat  laps  as  much  as  a  young  kitten,  76. 

An  old  couruer,  a  young  beggar. 

An  old  dog  biteth  sore,  120,  228. 

An  old  dog  cannot  alter  his  way  of  barking,  121. 

Aa  old  ewe  dressed  lamb  fashion. 


▲  001£FL£TS   ALPUABKT   OF  FBOYKRBS.  313 

An  old  fox  needs  not  to  be  taught  tricks,  120. 

An  old  fbx  understands  a  trap. 

An  old  goat  is  never  the  more  reverend  for  his  beard. 

An  old  knave  is  no  babe,  15,  2i28. 

An  old  man  hath  the  almanack  in  his  body.    Ital, 

An  old  man  in  a  house  is  a  good  sign,  275. 

An  o]d  man  is  a  bed  full  of  bones,  121. 

An  old  man  never  wants  a  tale  to  tell. 

An  old  man  who  weds  a  buxom  young  maiden,  bids  fiiir  to 

become  a  freeman  of  Buckingham,  198. 
An  old  naught  will  never  be  aught,  121. 
An  old  ox  makes  a  straight  furrow,  121. 
An  old  ox  will  find  a  shelter  for  himself. 
An  old  physician  and  a  young  lawyer,  127- 
An  old  thief  desires  a  new  halter,  120.  ^ 
An  old  whore's  curse  is  a  blessing. 
An  old  woman  in  a  wooden  rufi',  57* 
An  old  wrinkle  never  wears  out. 

An  open  countenance,  often  concerns  close  thoughts.    ItaL 
An  open  door  may  tempt  a  saint. 
An  open  knave  is  a  Kreat  fool. 

An  orator  without  judgment  is  a    horse  without  a  bridle. 
TTisophrastus. 

An  ounce  of  fortune  is  worth  a  pound  of  forecast. 

An  ounce  of  wisdom  is  worth  a  pound  of  wit,  85. 

An  ounce  of  mi  that's  bought  is  worth  a  pound  that's  taught 

An  ox,  when  he  is  loose,  licks  himself  at  pleasure. 

An  ugly  woman  is  a  disease  of  the  stomach,  a  handsome  wo- 
man a  disease  of  the  head,  48. 

An  unbidden  guest  most  bring  his  stool  with  him. 

Au  unhappy  lad  may  make  a  good  man,  109. 

An  unhappy  man's  cart  is  eith  to  tumble,  228. 

An  unlawnd  oath  is  better  broke  than  kept,  120. 

An  unpeaceable  man  hath  no  neighbour. 

An  upright  judge  has  more  regard  to  justice  than  to  men.  Itak 

Ane  gets  sma'  thanks  for  tining  his  ain,  227. 

Ane  may  bind  a  sack  before  it  be  fu',  226. 

Ane  never  tines  by  doing  gude,  226. 

Ane  will  gar  a  hundred  lie,  227. 

Anes  wood  never  wise,  ay  the  war,  229 

^ger  and  haste  hinder  good  counsel. 


314       ▲  OOKPLBTE  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTKUBS. 

Anger  begins  with  folly,  and  ends  with  repentance. 

Anger  dieth  quickly  with  a  good  man,  1. 

Auger  is  a  sworn  enemy. 

Auger  is  often  more  hurtful  than  the  injury  that  caused  it 

Anger  is  short-lived  in  a  good  man,  ^7^ 

Anger  is  the  fever  and  frenzy  of  the  soul. 

Auger  makes  a  rich  man  hated,  and  a  poor  man  sromed. 

Anger  may  glance  into  the  breast  of  a  wise  man,  but  rests 

only  m  the  bosom  of  fools. 
Anger  punishes  itself. 
Anglesey  is  the  mother  of  Wales,  269. 
Angry  men  and  drunken  men,  during  the  fit,  are  distracted. 
Another  threshed  what  I  reaped. 
Antiquity  cannot  privilege  an  error,  nor  novelty  prejudice  s 

truth. 
Antiquity  is  not  always  a  mark  of  verity. 
Any  thing  for  a  quiet  life,  127. 
Any  tooth,  good  barber,  65. 

Apes  are  never  more  beasts,  than  when  they  wear  men's  clothes. 
Apelles  was  not  a  master  painter  the  first  day. 
Apothecaries  would  not  give  pills  in  sugar  unless  they  were 

bitter,  2. 
Apples,  pears,  and  nuts  spoil  the  voice,  30. 
Application  makes  the  ass. 
April  and  May  are  the  key  of  all  the  year,  33. 
April  borrows  three  days  of  March,  and  they  are  ill,  33. 
April  cling,  good  for  nothing,  33. 
April  fools,  33. 

April  showers  bring  forth  May  flowers,  33. 
Are  there  traitors  at  the  table  that  the  loaf  is  turned  the  wrong 

side  upwards  ?  60. 
Are  you  afraid  of  him  that  died  last  year?  147- 
Are  you  there  with  your  bears  ?  149. 
Argument  seldom  convinces  any  one  against  his  inclination. 
Argus  at  home,  but  a  mole  abroad,  67* 
Aristippus  being  asked  what  he  learnt  by  philosophy,  replied, 

"  he  learnt  to  live  well  with  all  the  world." 
Aristotle  says,  when  you  can  have  any  good  thing  take  it ;  and 

Plato  says,  if  you  do  not  take  it,  you  are  a  great  coxcomb 
Arrogance  is  a  weed  that  grows  mostly  on  a  dunghill. 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OP  P&OYERBS.       315 

Arrogance  is  the  obstnictioii  of  wisdom. 

5lrsy  versy,  148. 

^rtliar  could  not  tame  a  woman's  tongae,  268. 

Arthur  himself  had  but  his  time,  268. 

Arthur  was  not  but  whilst  he  was,  269. 

Art  helps  nature,  and  experience  art. 

A.rt  must  be  deluded  by  art. 

As  a  cat  loves  mustard,  1 90. 

As  a  jewel  of  gold  in  a  hog's  snont,  so  is  a  fair  woman  with« 

out  virtue.     Solomon, 
As  angry  as  a  wasp,  186. 
As  a  man  is  friended,  so  the  law  is  ended,  90. 
As  a  man  lives,  so  shall  he  die,  as  a  tree  falls  so  shall  it  lie,  1 96. 
As  a  vessel  is  known  by  the  sound,  whether  it  be  cracked  or 

not ;  so  men  are  proved,  by  their  speeches,  whether  they 

be  wise  or  foolish.     J)emo$th0net. 
As  a  wolf  is  like  a  dog,  so  is  a  flatterer  like  a  friend. 
As  bald  as  a  coot,  186. 

As  bare  as  a  bird's  a — ,  or  the  back  of  my  hand,  185. 
As  bare  as  the  back  of  my  hand,  186. 
As  bitter  as  gall,  186. 
As  black  as  a  coal,  186. 
As  blake,  i.e.  yellow,  as  a  paigle,  186. 
As  blind  as  a  beetle  or  a  bat,  185. 
As  brisk  as  a  bee  in  a  tar-pot,  185. 
As  brisk  as  a  body  louse,  185. 
As  broad  as  long,  50. 

As  broken  a  ship  as  this  has  com«  to  land,  227. 
As  busy  as  a  bee,  185. 
As  busy  as  a  good  wife  at  an  oven,  and  neither  meal  or  doughs 

187. 
As  busy  as  a  hen  with  one  chick,  186. 
As  clear  as  a  bell,  187. 
As  clear  as  crystal,  185. 
As  clear  as  the  sun  at  noontide,  187* 
As  cold  as  charity,  185. 
As  comfortable  as  matrimony,  187* 
As  common  as  the  highway,  64, 
.is  crooked  as  Crawley  brook,  197* 
As  cross  as  a  bear  wiUi  a  sore  head* 


S16  ▲  COICFLBTI  ALPHABIT  OP  PBOTEBBS. 

As  cross  as  nine  highways. 

As  CO  J  as  Croker's  mare,  185.        - 

As  crowse,  i.e.  lively,  as  a  new  washen  Ioiiae»  187- 

As  cunning  as  Captain  Drake,  185. 

As  cunning  as  Craddock,  &c.,  185. 

As  dark  as  pitch,  187. 

As  dead  as  a  door  nail,  185. 

As  dead  as  a  herring,  187. 

As  dear  as  two  eggs  a  penny,  187. 

As  deep  drinketh  the  goose  as  the  gander,  99. 

Ad  demure  as  an  old  whore  at  a  christening. 

As  demure  as  if  butter  would  not  melt  in  Mi  month,  166. 

As  dizzy  as  a  goose,  1 87. 

As  drunk  as  a  beggar,  187. 

As  drunk  as  a  lord. 

As  drunk  as  a  tinker. 

As  drunk  as  a  wheel-barrow,  63. 

As  drunk  as  David's  sow,  63. 

As  dry  as  a  bone,  187. 

As  dull  as  a  beetle,  187. 

As  dull  as  Dun  in  the  mire,  185. 

As  dun  as  a  mouse,  187. 

As  easy  p — ssing  a  bed  as  to  lick  a  dish,  187« 

As  fable  as  a  Scot,  187. 

As  fair  as  Lady  Done,  187* 

As  far  from  the  heart  as  from  the  eyes. 

As  fast  as  hops,  187. 

As  fat  as  butter, — as  a  fool, — as  a  hen  in  the  forehead,  187. 

As  fierce  as  a  goose,  188. 

As  fine  (or  proud)  as  a  lord's  bastard,  188* 

As  fine  as  five  pence,  as  neat  as  ninepence,  185. 

As  fine  as  Kerton  (or  Crediton)  spinning,  188. 

As  fire  kindled  by  bellows,  so  m  anger  by  words. 

As  fit  as  a  fiddle,  185. 

JiA  fit  as  a  fritter  for  a  friar's  mouth,  188. 

As  fit  as  a  pudding  for  a  friar's  mouth,  188. 

As  fit  as  a  shoulder  of  mutton  for  a  sick  horse,  188. 

As  flat  as  a  flaun,  186. 

As  fiat  as  a  flounder,  186. 

As  flattering  or  fawning  as  a  spaniel,  188. 

As  fond  of  it,  as  an  ape  is  of  a  whip  and  a  bell,  188. 


A  COMPUETE  ALPHABET  07  FB0TSBB8.  31/ 

As  free  as  a  blind  man  is  of  his  eye,  188. 

As  free  as  an  ape  is  of  his  tail,  188. 

As  freely  as  St.  Robert  gave  his  cow,  188. 

As  fresh  as  a  rose  is  in  June,  188. 

As  free  as  a  dead  horse  is  of  farts,  188. 

As  fall  as  an  egg  is  of  meat,  188. 

As  full  as  a  jade,  quoth  bride,  188. 

As  fall  as  a  piper's  bag ;  as  a  tick,  188. 

As  full  as  a  toad  is  of  poison,  188. 

As  gaunt  as  a  greyhound,  188. 

As  glad  as  a  fowl  of  a  fair  day,  188. 

As  good  a  knaye  I  know  as  a  knaye  I  know  not,  55. 

As  good  as  any  between  Bagshot  and  Baw-waw,  189. 

As  good  as  eyer  droye  top  oyer  tiled  house,  191. 

As  good  as  eyer  flew  in  the  air,  188. 

As  good  as  eyer  the  ground  went  upon,  189. 

As  good  as  eyer  twanged,  189. 

As  good  as  eyer  water  wet,  189. 

As  good  as  eyer  went  end  ways,  189. 

As  good  as  Greorge  of  Green,  188. 

As  good  as  goose  skins  that  neyer  man  had  enough,  188. 

As  good  as  had  the  cow  that  stuck  herself  with  her  own  horn, 

190. 
As  good  be  an  addled  egg,  as  an  idle  bird. 
As  good  be  hanged  for  a  sheep  as  a  lamb,  190. 
As  good  beg  of  a  naked  man  as  of  a  miser. 
As  good  do  nothing,  as  to  no  purpose. 
As  good  eat  the  deyil  as  the  broth  he  is  boiled  in,  B6. 
As  good  haye  no  time,  as  make  no  good  use  of  it. 
As  good  luck  as  the  lousy  calf  that  Uyed  all  winter  and  died  in 

the  summer,  190. 
As  good  neyer  a  whit,  as  neyer  the  better. 
As  good  out  of  the  world,  as  out  of  the  ftshion,  92. 
As  good  play  for  nothing  as  work  for  nothing,  125. 
As  good  sit  stiU  as  rise  up  and  fall,  132. 
As  good  steal  the  horse  as  look  oyer  the  hedge. 
As  good  twenty  as  nineteen,  138. 
As  good  water  goes  by  the  mill  as  driyes  it. 
As  graye  as  an  old  gate  post,  186. 
As  great  pity  to  see  a  woman  cry,  as  to  see  a  goose  go  bare> 

foot,  44. 


318  ▲  COMPLKTJC  ALPHABET  OP  PBOTUB§. 

As  greedj  as  a  dog,  189. 

As  green  as  grass, — as  a  leek»  189. 

As  grey  as  grannum's  crU 

As  gude  baud  as  draw,  228. 

As  gude  bauds  tbe  stirrups  as  be  that  lonps  on,  230. 

As  gude  merchant  tines  as  wins,  229. 

As  hail  as  a  rock-fish  whole,  189. 

As  hard  as  horn,  186. 

As  bard  hearted  as  a  Scot  of  Scotland,  189. 

As  hasty  as  a  sheep,  as  soon  as  tbe  tail  is  up  the  t — d  is  out, 

189. 
As  liasty  as  Hopkins,  that  came  to  gaol  oyer  night  and  was 

hanged  the  next  morning,  189. 
As  high  as  a  bog,  aU  but  tbe  bristles,  186* 
As  high  as  three  horse  loaves,  186. 
As  hollow  as  a  gun, — as  a  kex,  188. 
As  honest  a  man  as  any  in  tbe  cards  when  the  kings  are  out, 

193. 
As  honest  a  man  as  ever  brake  bread,  18. 
As  honest  a  man  as  ever  trod  on  shoe  leather,  166. 
As  hot  as  a  toast,  189. 
As  hungry  as  a  church  mouse,  189. 
As  hungry  as  a  hawk  or  horse,  186. 

As  I  brew,  so  I  must  drink ;  and  as  I  brew,  so  I  must  bake,  3. 
As  if  a  man  that  is  killed  should  come  home  upon  his  feet,  2/9. 
^s  innocent  as  a  devil  of  two  years  old,  89. 
As  irrecoyerable  as  a  lump  of  butter  in  a  greyhound's  mouth. 
As  is  the  gander,  so  is  the  goose. 
As  is  the  gardener,  so  is  the  garden. 
As  is  the  workman,  so  is  tbe  work. 
As  it  pleases  the  painter,  57. 

As  kind  as  a  kite  ;  all  you  cannot  eat  you'll  hide,  186. 
As  lame  as  St.  Giles,  Cripplegate,  215. 
As  lang  as  ye  serve  the  tod  ye  maun  bear  up  bis  tail,  230. 
As  lang  lives  the  merry  man  as  the  wretch,  for  a'  the  craft  he 

can,  228. 
As  lang  runs  the  fox  as  be  has  feet,  227. 
As  lawless  as  a  town  bull,  189. 
As  lazy  as  Ludlam*s  dug,  that  leaned  bis  bead  against  tbe  wall 

to  bark,  186. 


▲  COMPLET£  ALPILIBXT  07  EBOTXBBfl.  31Q 

As  lAzy  as  the  tinker  who  laid  down  hia  budget  to  fart,  189* 

As  lean  aa  a  rake,  189. 

As  lecherous  as  a  he  goat,  189. 

As  light  as  a  fiy,  189. 

As  like  a  dock  as  a  daisj,  187* 

As  like  as  an  apple  is  to  a  lobster,  189* 

As  like  as  an  apple  to  an  oyster,  189. 

As  like  as  fourpence  to  a  groat,  189. 

As  like  as  ninepence  to  nothing,  189. 

As  like  as  two  peas. 

As  like  his  own  father  as  ever  he  can  look,  189. 

As  like  one  as  if  he  had  been  spit  oat  of  hia  moatht  189. 

As  long  as  a  Welch  pedigree,  269. 

As  long  as  Meg  of  Westminster,  190. 

As  long  lives  the  merry  heart  aa  the  sad,  112. 

As  loud  as  a  horn,  190. 

As  load  as  Tom  of  Lincoln,  211. 

As  love  thinks  no  evil,  so  envy  speaks  no  good. 

As  mad  as  a  March  hare,  186. 

As  mad  as  the  baiting  bull  of  Stamford,  21 1 . 

As  meet  as  a  sow  for  a  saddle. 

As  meikle  upwith,  as  meikle  downwith,  228. 

As  melancholy  as  a  gibed  cat,  190. 

As  merry  as  a  cricket,  190. 

As  merry  as  cup  and  can,  190. 

As  merry  as  mice  in  malt. 

As  merry  as  the  mares,  186. 

As  mild  (or  gentle)  as  a  lamb,  190. 

As  mony  heads,  as  mony  wits,  228. 

As  much  a  kin  as  Lenson  hill  to  Pilsen-pin,  202. 

As  much  as  York  excels  foul  Sutton,  191. 

As  much  need  of  it  as  he  has  of  the  pip,  or,  of  a  cough,  172. 

As  much  sibbed  as  sieve  and  ridder,  that  grew  in  the  samt 

wood  together,  191. 
As  much  wit  as  three  folks,  two  fools  and  a  madman,  192. 
As  natural  to  him  as  milk  to  a  calf,  190. 
As  necessary  as  an  old  sow  among  young  children,  190. 
As  nice  as  the  nun's  hen,  186 
As  nimble  as  a  cow  in  a  cage,  190. 
As  nimble  as  a  new  gelt  dog,  190. 
As  nimble  as  an  eel  in  a  sand-bag,  190. 


520      ▲  OOMPLXTS  ALPHABET  OF  PSOTSBBS. 

As  old  as  a  serpent,  190. 

As  old  as  Charing-Cross,  190. 

As  old  as  Pendle.hill,  209. 

As  old  as  the  itch. 

As  pert  as  a  frog  upon  a  washing  block,  190. 

As  pert  as  a  pearmonger's  mare,  186. 

As  plain  as  a  pack-saddle  or  a  pike- staff,  186. 

As  plain  as  Dunstable  road,  197. 

As  plain  as  the  nose  on  a  man's  face,  190. 

As  plum  as  a  juggem  ear,  i.e,  a  quagmire,  58. 

As  plump  as  a  partridge,  186. 

As  poor  as  a  church  mouse. 

As  poor  as  Job,  190. 

As  proud  as  a  cock  on  his  own  dunghill,  190. 

As  proud  as  an  apothecary,  190. 

As  proud  as  a  peacock,  186. 

As  proud  come  behind  as  go  before,  126. 

As  ready  as  the  king  has  an  egg  in  his  pouch,  227- 

As  red  as  a  cherry, — as  a  petticoat,  190. 

As  rich  as  a  new-shorn  sheep,  190. 

As  right  as  a  ram's  horn, — as  my  leg,  191. 

As  rotten  as  a  t — d,  191. 

As  rough  as  a  tinker's  budget,  191. 

As  safe  as  a  crow  in  a  gutter,  191. 

As  safe  as  a  mouse  in  a  cheese, — in  a  malt  heap,  191* 

As  safe  as  a  thief  in  a  mill,  191. 

As  sair  fight  wrans  as  crans,  228. 

As  sair  greets  the  bairn  that  is  dung  after  noon,  as  he  that  is 

dung  afore  noon,  229. 
As  scabbed  as  a  cuckoo,  191. 
As  seasonable  as  snow  in  summer,  186. 
As  sharp  as  a  thorn, — as  a  razor, — ^as  vinegar,  191. 
As  sick  as  a  cushion,  191. 

As  sight  in  the  eye,  so  is  the  mind  in  the  soul.     ScphodeB, 
As  slender  in  the  middle  as  a  cow  in  the  waist,  191. 
As  slippery  as  an  eel,  191. 
As  smooth  as  a  carpet,  191. 
As  soft  as  foot  can  fall,  191. 
As  soft  as  silk,  186. 

As  slender  in  the  middle  as  a  cow  in  the  waist. 
As  soon  as  you  have  drank  you  turn  your  back  upon  the 

spring. 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTBBBS.  321 

As  soon  goes  the  lamb's  skin  to  the  market  as  the  old  ewe*f, 

145. 
Aa  Bound  as  a  roach. 
Aa  sound  as  a  trout,  191. 
As  sour  as  yerjuice,  191. 
As  spiteful  as  an  old  maid. 
As  spruce  as  an  onion,  191. 
As  stout  as  a  miller's  waistcoat,  that  takes  a  thief  by  the  ueck 

every  day. 
As  straight  as  an  arrow,  191. 
As  straight  as  the  back-bone  of  a  herring,  191* 
As  strong  as  mustard,  191. 
Aa  sore  as  a  coat  on  one's  back,  191. 
As  sore  as  a  gun,  191. 

As  sure  as  a  juggler's  box,  191. 

As  sure  as  a  louse  in  one's  bosom,  191. 

As  sure  as  a  house  in  Pomfret,  191. 

Aa  sure  as  exchequer  pay,  192. 

As  sure  as  Qod^s  m  Qloucestershire,  203. 

As  aurely  as  if  he  had  p— d  on  a  nettle,  174. 

As  surly  as  a  butcher's  dog,  191. 

As  sweet  as  honey,  or  as  a  nut,  191. 

As  Sylvester  said,  fair  and  softly,  191* 

As  Udl  as  a  May-pole,  19 !• 

As  tender  as  a  chicken,  191. 

As  tender  as  a  parson's  leman,  i.e.  whore,  191. 

As  tender  as  Parnell,  that  broke  her  finger  in  a  posset-curd,  191. 

As  teaty  as  an  old  cook,  191. 

As  the  bell  clinks,  so  the  fool  thinks,  94. 

As  the  best  wine  makes  the  sharpest  vinegar,  so  the  deepest 
love  turns  to  the  deadliest  hatred. 

As  the  blind  man  shot  the  cow,  150. 

As  the  carl  riches  he  wretches.  228. 

As  the  days  lengthen,  so  the  cold  strengthens,  36. 

As  the  fool  thinks  the  bell  clinks,  230. 

As  the  goodman  saith,  so  say  Me ;  but  as  the  good  wife  saith,  so 
it  must  be,  45. 

As  the  grace  of  man  is  in  the  mind,  so  the  beauty  of  the  mind 
is  eloquence.     Cicero, 

As  the  man  said  to  him  on  the  tree  top,  make  no  more  haste 
when  you  come  down  than  when  you  went  up,  101. 

T 


322       A  COHFLETS  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTElUiS. 

An  the  market  goes,  wives  must  sell. 
As  the  old  cock  crows,  so  crows  the  young,  120,  22S. 
As  the  sow  fills  the  draff  sours,  229. 
As  the  touchstone  trieth  gold,  so  gold  trieth  men. 
As  the  wind  hlows,  seek  jour  shelter. 
As  the  wind  hlows,  you  must  set  your  sail* 
As  they  hrew,  so  let  them  bake,  151. 
"As  they  sow,  so  let  them  reap,  168. 
As  tired  as  a  tike  lb  o'  lang  kail,  227* 
As  tough  as  whit-leather,  191. 
As  troublesome  as  a  wasp  in  one's  ear. 
As  true  as  a  turtle  to  her  mate,  186. 
As  true  as  God  is  in  heayen,  191. 
As  true  as  steel,  191. 
As  true  as  the  dial  to  the  sun. 
As  true  steel  as  Rippon  spurs,  223. 
As  valiant  as  an  Essex  lion,  203. 
As  very  a  knave  as  ever  p — d,  167. 
As  virtue  is  its  own  reward,  so  vice  is  its  own  paniahment. 
As  warm  as  a  mouse  in  a  chum,  191. 
As  wanton  as  a  calf  with  two  dams,  191. 
As  wary  as  a  blind  horse. 
As  weak  as  water,  186. 
As  welcome  as  a  storm. 
As  welcome  as  flowers  in  May,  22. 
As  welcome  as  water  in  a  leaking  ship. 
As  welcome  as  water  in  one's  shoes,  186. 
As  well  worth  it  as  a  thief  is  worth  a  rope,  191. 
As  we  must  render  an  account  of  every  idle  word,  ao  must  we 

likewise  of  our  idle  silence.    AtfihroM. 
As  white  as  the  driven  snow,  191. 
As  wild  as  a  buck,  191. 

As  wilful  as  a  pig  that  will  neither  lead  nor  drive,  193. 
As  wily  as  a  fox,  191. 

As  wise  as  a  man  of  Gotham.     Nottinghamshire,  218. 
As  wise  as  a  whisp  or  a  woodcock,  186. 
As  wise  as  Waltham's  calf,  that  ran  nine  miles  to  sock  a  bull, 

and  came  home  as  dry  as  he  went,  186. 
As  yellow  as  a  golden  noble, — as  a  guinea,  191. 
As  you  brew,  so  drink. 
As  you  make  your  bed,  so  you  must  lie  on  it,  227* 


A  COlfPLXTB  ALPHABXT  OF  PB0TBBB8.  323 

As  you  salute,  yon  ^nll  be  saluted.    Ital. 

As  you  sow  you  shall  reap. 

As  your  wedding  ring  wears,  you'll  wear  off  your  cares. 

Asses  die,  and  wolves  bury  them. 

Asses  that  bray  most,  eat  least. 

Ask  a  kite  for  a  feather,  and  she'll  say,  she  has  but  just  enough 

to  fly  with. 
Ask  but  enough,  and  you  may  lower  the  price  as  you  list,  2. 
Ask  my  companion  if  I'm  a  thief,  154. 
Ask  the  mother,  if  the  child  be  like  his  father. 
Ask  the  seller,  if  his  ware  be  bad. 
Ask  thy  purse  what  thou  shouldest  buy,  17. 
At  a  great  bargain  make  a  pause,  69. 
At  a  round  table  the  herald's  useless,  129. 
At  Candlemas  the  cold  comes  to  us. 
At  court,  e?ery  one  for  himself. 

At  Great  Glen  there  are  more  great  dogs  than  honest  men,  210. 
At  open  doors  dogs  come  in,  229. 
At  St.  Mathee  shut  up  the  bee,  38. 

At  the  door  of  the  fold,  words  ;  within  the  fold,  an  account. 
At  the  end  of  the  game  you'll  see  who's  the  winner. 
At  the  end  of  the  work,  you  may  judge  of  the  workman. 
At  the  first  hand  buy,  at  the  third  let  lie. 
At  the  gate  where  suspicion  enters,  love  goes  out. 
At  Twelfth-day  the  days  are  lengthened  a  cock's  stride.    (The 

Italians  say  at  Christmas)  38. 
At  weddings  and  funerals,  friends  are  discerned  from  kinsfolks. 
Auld  sin,  new  shame,  229. 
Auld  sparrows  are  ill  to  tame,  227. 
Auld  springs  gie  nae  price,  227. 
Avarice  increases  with  wealth.     Ital. 
Avoid  a  slanderer  as  you  would  a  scorpion. 
Away  goes  the  devil  when  he  finds  the  door  shut  against  him. 
Awe  makes  dun  draw,  68. 
Aye  be  merry  as  be  can,  for  love  ne'er  delights  in  a  sorrowful 

man,  41. 

B 

Bacchits  hath  drowned  more  men  than  Neptune. 

Bachelor's  wives  and  maid's  children  are  well  taught,  45,  249. 

Backbiting  oftener  proceeds  firom  pride  than  malice. 


324  ▲  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PnOTEItBS 

Back  with  that  leg,  49. 

Bad  cnstomB  are  better  broke  than  kept  up,  84. 

Bad  excuses  are  worse  than  none. 

Bad  is  a  bad  servant,  but  'tis  worse  being  without  him«  2Gf  • 

Bad  luck  often  brings  good  luck. 

Bad  priests  bring  the  devil  into  the  church. 

Bad  to  care  no  more  than  for  to-morrow,  2G9. 

Bad  words  find  bad  acceptance. 

Bad  words  make  a  woman  worse,  2n7. 

Bairn's  mither  burst  never,  232. 

Bald  heads  are  soon  shaven. 

Banbury  veal«  cheese  and  cakes,  218. 

Bannocks  are  better  nor  nae  kind  o'  bread,  232. 

Barbarous  asses  ride  on  Barbary  horses. 

Barefooted  men  must  not  go  among  thorns,  2. 

Bare  gentry,  braggand  beggars,  230. 

Bare  walls  make  gadding  housewives,  69. 

Bare  words  buy  no  barley. 

Barking  dogs  seldom  bite. 

Barley  straw's  good  fodder  when  the  cow  gives  wateV,  37- 

Barnaby  bright,  the  longest  day  and  the  shortest  night,  38. 

Base  terms  are  bellows  to  a  slackening  fire. 

Bashf ulness  is  an  enemy  to  poverty,  2. 

Bate  me  an  ace,  quoth  Bolton,  149. 

Be  a  father  to  virtue,  but  a  father-in-law  to  vice. 

Be  a  friend  to  thyself,  and  others  will  be  so  too. 

Be  a  good  husband,  and  you  will  get  a  penny  to  spend,  a  penny 

to  lend,  and  a  penny  for  a  friend,  II. 
Be  always  as  merry  as  ever  you  can,  for  no  one  delights  in  a 

sorrowful  man. 
Be  always  at  leisure  to  do  good :   never  make  business  an  ex* 

cuse  to  decline  the  ofiices  of  humanity.     M,  Aurelim. 
Be  as  it  may,  be  is  no  banning,  69. 
Be  as  you  would  seem  to  be. 
Be  aware  of  a  fine  tongue ;  'twill  sting  mortally. 
Be  bold,  but  not  too  bold. 
Be  content ;  the  sea  hath  fish  enough. 
Be  ever  vigilant,  but  never  suspicious. 
Be  fair  conditioned,  and  eat  bread  with  your  pudding,  58. 
Be  good  and  refi-ain  not  to  be  good,  279. 
Be  good  in  your  office,  you'll  keep  the  longer  on,  173. 


▲  COUPLETS  ALPHABBT  OT   PROYBRBS,       325 

Be  it  for  better,  or  be  it  for  worse,  be  ruled  by  him  that  beareth 
theporBe,  127. 

Be  it  weal,  or  be  it  woe,  182. 

Be  it  weal  or  be  it  woe,  beans  should  blow  before  May  go,  33. 

Be  juflt  to  all  but  trust  not  all. 

Be  lang  sick,  that  ye  may  be  soon  hale,  231. 

Be  merry  and  wise,  115. 

Be  not  a  baker  if  your  head  be  of  butter,  2. 

Be  not  choleric ;  it  will  make  you  look  old. 

Be  not  too  hasty  to  outbid  another,  2. 

Be  not  too  brief  in  conversation,  lest  you  be  not  understood ; 
nor  too  diffuse,  lest  you  be  troublesome.     Protagoras, 

Be  not  ungrateful  to  your  old  friend,  280. 

Be  old  betimes,  that  thou  mayst  long  be  so. 

Be  patient,  and  you  shall  have  patient  children,  123* 

Be  silent,  or  speak  something  worth  hearing. 

Be  slow  in  choosing,  but  slower  in  changing. 

Be  slow  of  giving  advice,  ready  to  do  a  service,  1. 

Be  slow  to  promise,  quick  lo  perform 

Be  sure  before  you  marry,  of  a  house  wherein  to  tarry.     Span> 
Ital.  13. 

Be  sure  of  hay  till  the  end  of  May. 

Be  the  day  never  so  long,  at  length  cometh  evensong,  84. 

Be  the  same  thing  that  ye  wa'd  be  ca'd,  232. 

Beads  about  the  neck  and  the  devil  in  the  heart. 

Bean  belly  Leicestershire,  209. 

Beans  blow  before  May  doth  go,  33. 

Bear,  and  blame  not,  what  you  cannot  change.    Puhlius  Syrut* 

Bear  and  forbear  is  good  philosophy. 

Bear  wealth,  poverty  will  oear  itself,  231. 

Bear  with  evil,  and  expect  good,  7. 

Beauties  without  fortunes  have  sweethearts  plenty,  but  hus- 
bands none  at  all. 

Beauty  draws  more  than  oxen,  2. 

Beauty  is  a  blossom,  2. 

Beauty  is  but  skin  deep. 

Beau^  is  no  inheritance,  2. 

Beauty  is  potent;  but  money  is  more  potent,  117. 

Beauty  is  the  subject  of  a  blemish. 

Beauty  may  have  fair  leaves,  yet  bitter  fruit. 

Beauty  provoketh  thieves  sooner  than  gold. 


325      ▲  COXPLSTB  ALPHABET  OI*  PBOTZBJM. 

Beauty  'will  bay  no  beef. 

Beauty  without  bounty  avails  nought,  232. 

Beauty  without  virtue  is  a  curse. 

Beccles  for  a  puritan,  Bungay  for  the  poor,  Halesworth  for  t 

drunkard,  and  Bilborough  for  a  whore,  221. 
Bedworth  beggars,  210. 

Bees  that  have  honey  in  their  mouths  have  stings  in  their  tails. 
Before  I  wein,  an'  now  I  wat,  232. 
Before  St.  Chad  every  goose  lays,  both  good  and  bad,  37. 
Before  the  cat  can  lick  her  ear,  153. 

Before  you  make  a  friend,  eat  a  peck  of  salt  with  him.  Scotch, 
Beggars  and  borrowers  must  be  no  choosers,  70. 
Beggars  breed,  and  rich  men  feed,  70 
Beggars  can  never  be  bankrupts,  70. 
Beggars  fear  no  rebellion. 
Beggars  mounted  run  their  horses  to  death. 
Beggars  must  not  be  choosers,  70. 
Begging  a  courtesy  is  selling  liberty. 
Behind  before,  before  behmd,    a. horse  is  in  danger  to  be 

pricked,  37. 
Being  on  the  sea,  sail,  being  on  the  land,  settle,  18. 
Believe  only  half  of  what  you  hear  of  a  man's  wealth  and 

goodness. 
Believe  well,  and  have  well,  71. 
Bells  call  others  to  church,  but  go  not  themselves,  2. 
BenefitB,like  flowers,  please  most  when  they  are  fresh. 
Best  dealing  with  an  enemy  when  you  take  him  at  his  weakest 
Best  is  best  cheap,  if  you  hit  not  the  nail,  71. 
Best  to  bend  it  while  a  twig,  7i' 

Bestow  on  me  what  you  will,  so  it  be  none  of  your  secreta. 
Better  a  bad  excuse  than  none  at  all. 
Better  a  bare  foot  than  no  foot  at  all,  8. 
Better  a  beast  sold  than  bought,  268. 
Better  a  begging  mither  nor  a  riding  father,  232. 
Better  a  bit  i'  the  morning  than  fast  a*  day,  231. 
Better  a  blush  in  the  face  than  a  spot  in  the  heart. 
Better  a  clout  nor  a  hole  out,  80,  232. 
Better  a  de'il  than  a  daw,  231. 
Better  a  dog  fawn  nor  bark  at  you,  S7,  231. 
Better  a  fair  pair  of  heels  than  a  halter. 
Better  a  finger  aff  than  wagging,  231. 


▲  OOICPLSTE  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTXRBS.  3C7 

Better  a  foul  in  hand  nor  twa  flying,  232. 

Better  a  good  dinner  than  a  fine  coat.    Fr, 

Better  a  good  word  than  a  battle. 

Better  a  laying  hen  nor  a  lym  crown,  232. 

Better  a  lean  jade  than  an  empty  halter,  109. 

Better  a  lean  peace  than  a  fat  victory. 

Better  a  little  fire  to  warm  us,  than  a  great  one  to  bum  us,  232. 

Better  a  master  be  feared  than  despised. 

Better  a  mischief  than  an  inconvenience,  116. 

Better  a  mouse  in  the  pot  than  no  flesh  at  all,  113. 

Better  a  portion  in  a  vnfe  than  with  a  wife. 

Better  a  tooth  out,  than  always  aching. 

Better  a  witty  fool  than  a  foolish  wit 

Better  abridge  petty  charges  than  stoop  to  petty  gettings. 

Better  ae  wit  coft  nor  twa  for  nought,  232. 

Better  an  auld  maiden  than  a  young  whore,  89>  231. 

Better  an  egg  in  peace  than  an  ox  in  war. 

Better  an  empty  house  than  an  ill  tenant,  89,  231. 

Better  apple  gien  nor  eaten,  231. 

Better  are  small  fish  than  an  empty  dish,  132,  231. 

Better  auld  debts  nor  auld  sairs,  232. 

Better  bairns  greet  nor  bearded  men,  232. 

Better  be  a  cuckold  and  not  know  it,  than  be  none  and  every- 
body say  so. 

Better  be  alone  than  in  bad  company,  232. 

Better  be  a  shrew  than  a  sheep,  45. 

Better  be  an  old  man's  darling,  than  a  young  man's  snarling,  45 

Better  be  dead  as  out  o'  fashion,  232. 

Better  be  envied  than  pitied,  90. 

Better  be  happy  nor  wise,  232. 

Better  be  half  hang'd,  than  ill  wed,  42. 

Better  be  ill  spoken  of  by  one  before  all,  than  by  all  before 

one,  11. 
Better  believe  it  than  go  where  it  was  done  to  prove  it,  149. 
Better  belly  burst,  than  good  drink  or  meat  lost,  71. 
Better  be  meals  many,  than  one  too  merry,  29. 
Better  bend  than  break. 

Better  bend  the  neck  than  bruise  the  forehead,  270. 
Better  be  poor  and  live,  than  rich  and  perish. 
Better  be  poor  than  wicked. 
Better  be  stung  by  a  nettle  than  pricked  by  a  rote. 


328  ▲  OOHPLKTB  iXPHABXT  07  FBOTXBBS. 

Better  be  the  head  of  an  ass,  than  the  tail  of  a  hone,  lOi. 
Better  be  the  head  of  a  dog,  than  the  tail  of  a  lion,  101. 
Better  be  the  head  of  a  pike,  than  the  iail  of  a  stui^eon,  101« 
Better  be  the  head  of  a  sprat,  than  the  tail  of  a  stui^eon,  101. 
Better  be  the  head  of  the  yeomanry,  than  the  tail  of  the  gentry, 

101. 
Better  be  up  to  the  ancles  than  orer  head  and  ears. 
Better  be  unmannerly  than  troublesome,  140. 
Better  be  weel  Inved  nor  ill  wan  geir,  232. 
Better  bid  the  cooks  nor  the  mediciners,  231. 
Better  bow  than  break,  74,  232. 
Better  break  your  word  than  do  worse  in  keeping  it 
Better  bny  than  borrow,  231. 
Better  come  at  the  latter  end  of  a  feast  than  the  beginning  of 

a  fray,  92. 
Better  cut  the  shoe  than  pinch  the  foot. 
Better  die  a  beggar  than  me  a  beggar,  2. 
Better  direct  weU  than  work  hard. 
Better  do  it,  than  wish  it  done,  23. 
Better  dwell  with  a  dragon  than  with  a  wicked  woman. 
Better  eat  grey  bread  in  your  yonth  than  in  your  age.     Seaiek 
Better  eye  out  tlian  always  alang,  [or  watching],  90. 
Better  face  a  danger  once  than  be  idways  in  fear. 
Better  fare  hard  with  good  men  than  feast  with  bad. 
Better  fed  than  taueht,  said  the  churl  to  the  panon,  159. 
Better  fill  a  gluttoir  s  belly  than  his  eye,  98. 
Better  find  iron  than  tine  siller,  231. 
Better  gie  nor  tak,  231. 
Better  give  a  shiUiug  than  lend  half  a  crown. 
Better  give  the  wool  than  the  whole  sheep,  23. 
Better  go  about  than  fall  in  the  ditch,  1. 
Better  go  away  longing  than  loathing. 
Better  go  to  bed  supperless  than  rise  in  debt,  5. 
Better  go  to  heaven  in  rags  than  to  hell  in  embroidery. 
Better  God  than  gold,  269. 
Better  good  afar  off  than  iU  at  hand. 
Better  gude  sale  nor  gude  ale,  231. 
Better  hae  a  mouse  i*  the  pat  as  nae  flesh,  232. 
Better  half  a  loaf  than  no  bread. 
Better  half  an  egg  than  an  empty  shell,  89,  231. 
Better  hand  loose  than  in  an  ill  tethering,  231. 


A  C0MFI.IT1  ALPHABET  07  PB0TZBB8.  329 

Better  happy  to  court  nor  to  gade  service,  282. 

Better  hand  by  a  hair  than  draw  wi'  a  tether,  231. 

Better  have  a  dog  fawn  upon  you  than  bite  you,  87. 

Better  have  an  old  man  to  humour  than  a  young  rake  to  break 

your  heart. 
Better  have  it  than  hear  of  it,  54,  165. 
Better  have  one  plough  going  than  two  cradles. 
Better  haiard  once  than  be  always  in  fear. 
Better  hold  out  nor  put  out,  232. 
Better  is  a  dinner  of  herbs  where  love  is,  than  a  stalled  ox  and 

hatred  therewith.    Solomon, 
Better  keep  now  than  seek  anon,  268. 
Better  keep  weel  than  mak  weel,  231. 
Better  kiss  a  knave  than  be  troubled  with  him,  108,  231. 
Better  known  than  trusted,  168. 
Better  lang  something  than  soon  naething,  231. 
Better  late  ripe  and  bear,  than  early  blossom  and  blast 
Better  late  than  never,  109,  231. 
Better  late  thrive,  than  never  do  well.     Scotch. 
Better  learn  by  your  neeighbonr's  skaith  than  by  your  ain, 

231. 
Better  leave  than  lack,  110,  232. 
Better  leave  to  my  foes  than  beg  firae  my  freends,  231. 
Better  live  in  a  poor  hovel  than  be  buried  in  a  rich  sepulchre. 
Better  live  within  compass  than  have  lai^e  comings  in. 
Better  lose  a  jest  than  a  friend,  107. 
Better  lose  a  supper  than  have  a  hundred  physicians.     S^nm. 
Better  lost  than  found,  161. 
Better  master  one  than  engage  with  ten. 
Better  my  hog  dirty  home,  than  no  hog  at  all,  11. 
Better  ne'er  hae  begun  nor  ne'er  end  it,  232. 
Better  no  ring  than  a  ring  of  a  rush,  232. 
Better  one  braggadocio  than  two  fighters,  267. 
Better  one  house  fill'd  than  two  spill'd,  45. 
Better  one's  house  be  too  little  one  day  than  too  big  all  the 

year  after,  105. 
Better  one  word  in  time  than  two  afterwards. 
Better  pass  a  danger  once,  than  be  always  in  featt 
Better  penny  in  silver  than  any  brother,  268. 
Better  plays  a  fu'  wame  nor  a  new  coat,  2^*^* 
Better  rew  sit  nor  rew  flit  232 


9S0       A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTSRBS. 

Better  ride  an  ass  that  carries  us  than  a  horse  that  throws  vs,  2. 
Better  ride  when  saddles  do  lack,  on  a  pad,  than  on  a  Imtc 

horse's  hack. 
Better  saught  wi'  little  aught  nor  care  wi'  mony  a  cow,  231. 
Better  say  nothing  than  nothing  to  the  purpose. 
Better  see  a  clout,  than  a  hole  out. 
Better  sell  than  live  poorly. 

Better  shelter  under  an  old  hedge,  than  a  young  funebnsh,  120 
Better  sit  idle  than  work  for  nought,  23 1 . 
Better  sit  still  nor  rise  an'  get  a  fa',  232. 
Better  skaith  sav'd  than  mends  made,  231. 
Better  some  of  a  pudding  than  none  of  a  pie,  126. 
Better  spare  at  the  brim  than  at  the  bottom,  133,  232. 
Better  spare  to  have  of  thine  own  than  aak  others. 
Better  spared  than  ill  spent,  133,  232. 
Better  spent  than  spared,  133. 

Better  strive  with  an  ill  ass  than  carry  the  wood  one*s  self. 
Better  suffer  a  great  evil  than  do  a  little  one. 
Better  suffer  ill  than  do  ill. 

Better  ten  guilty  escape  than  one  innocent  man  suffer. 
Better  the  foot  slip  than  the  tongue,  21. 
Better  the  harm  I  know  than  that  I  know  not,  268. 
Better  the  head  of  the  yeoman  than  the  tail  of  the  gentry,  101. 
Better  the  ill  ken'd  than  the  gude  unken'd,  231. 
Better  the  last  smile  than  the  first  laughter,  19. 
Better  to  be  beaten  than  be  in  bad  company,  2. 
Better  to  be  alone  than  in  bad  company. 
Better  to  be  idle  than  not  well  occupied,  106. 
Better  to  do  well  late  than  never. 
Better  to  have  than  to  wish,  23. 
Better  to  live  well  than  long. 
Better  to  rule  than  be  ruled  by  the  rout,  18. 
Better  to  say  here  it  is  than  here  it  was,  232. 
Better  two  drones  be  preserved  than  one  good  bee  perish* 
Better  two  losses  than  one  sorrow,  232. 
Better  unborn  than  unbred,  139. 
Better  untaught  than  ill  taught,  71* 
Better  wait  on  the  cook  than  the  doctor,  231. 
Better  walk  leisurely  than  lie  abroad  all  night. 
Better  wear  out  shoes  than  sheets,  231. 
Better  wed  over  the  mixon  than  over  the  moor,  199. 


▲  OOMPLXTl  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTSBBS.       331 

Better  woo  o'er  midden  nor  o'er  moBs,  231. 

Better's  a  dirty  hog  than  no  hog  at  all,  11. 

Better's  the  head  of  an  ass  than  the  tail  of  a  horse,  101. 

Better's  the  last  smile  than  the  first  laughter,  1 9. 

Between  Cowhithe  and  merry  Cassingland,  the  devil  sh— »t 

Benacre,  look  where  it  stands,  221. 
Between  hawk  and  buzzard,  1 50. 
Between  promising  and  performing  a  man  may  marry  hit 

daughter,  17- 
Between  the  hand  and  the  lip,  the  morsel  may  slip. 
Between  two  brothers,  two  witnesses  and  a  notary,  3. 
Between  two  stoob  the  breech  cometh  to  the  ground,  139. 
Betwixt  twa  stools  the  doup  fa's  down,  232. 
Between  two  stools  fall  to  the  bottom. 
Beware  of  a  silent  dog  and  still  water. 
Beware  of  breed  ;  •'.  e,  an  ill  breed,  74. 
Beware  of  enemies  reconciled,  and  meat  twice  boiled.     Span* 
Beware  of  Had  I  wist,  71,  232. 
Beware  of  him  who  regards  not  his  reputation. 
Beware  of  him  whom  God  hath  marked,  71- 
Beware  of  little  expense. 
Beware  of  no  man  more  than  th3^1f. 
Beware  of  the  forepart  of  a  woman,  the  hind  part  of  a  mule, 

and  all  sides  of  a  priest. 
Beware  of  the  geese  when  the  fox  preaches. 
Beware  of  the  stone  thou  stnmbledst  at  before. 
Beware  of  vinegar  made  of  sweet  wine.     Italian, 
Bill  after  helve,  150. 
Billingsgate  langpiage,  213. 
Bind  fast,  find  fast,  231. 
Bind  so  as  you  may  unbind. 
Bind  the  sack  ere  it  be  fu',  282. 
Birchen  twigs  break  no  ribs,  71- 

Birds  are  entangled  by  tiieir  feet,  and  men  by  their  tonguea. 
Birds  of  a  feather  flock  together,  71. 
Birds  pay  equal  honours  to  all  men. 
Birth  is  mucn,  but  breeding  is  more,  72,  231. 
Bitmg  and  scratching  gets  the  cat  with  kitten,  77* 
Biting  an'  scarting  ia  Scots  fowk's  wooing,  232. 
Bitter  pills  may  have  wholesome  effects. 
Blaw  the  wind  never  so  fast>  it  vnll  lower  at  last. 


882       A,   OOMPLITI  ALPHABET  OF  PB0TIBB8. 

Black  plumn  may  eat  as  sweet  aa  white. 

Black  will  take  no  other  hue,  72. 

Blessed  be  St.  Stephen,  there  is  no  fast  upon  his  ereii,  1S4» 

Blessed  is  the  peace-maker,  not  the  conqueror. 

Blessings  are  not  valued  till  they  are  gone. 

Blest  is  the  eye  between  Severn  and  Wye,  205. 

Blind  man's  holiday,  150. 

Blind  men  must  not  run. 

Blind  men  should  not  judge  of  colours,  73. 

Blind  men's  wives  need  no  paint. 

Blood's  thicker  than  water,  231. 

Bloody  and  deceitful  men  dig  their  own  graves. 

Blots  are  no  blots  till  hit. 

Blow  first,  and  sip  afterwards,  73. 

Blow  not  against  the  hurricane. 

Blow  out  the  marrow,  and  throw  the  bone  to  the  dogs,  73 

Blow,  smith,  and  you'll  get  money. 

Blow  thine  own  pottage,  and  not  mine. 

Blushing  is  virtue's  colour,  73. 

Blush  like  a  black  dog. 

Boden  gear  stinks,  231. 

Bodily  labour  earns  not  much. 

Boil  not  the  pap  before  the  child  is  bom. 

Boil  stones  in  butter,  and  you  may  sip  the  broth. 

Boldness  in  business  is  the  first,  second,  and  third  thing. 

Bold  resolution  is  the  favourite  of  Providence. 

Bonny  siller  is  soon  spent,  232. 

Borrowed  garments  never  sit  well. 

Borrow  not  too  much  upon  time  to  come. 

Both  aneer  and  haste  hinder  good  counsel. 

Both  foUy  and  wisdom  come  upon  us  with  years. 

Bought  friends  are  not  friends  in  deed. 

Bought  wit  is  best,  but  may  cost  too  much,  143. 

Bounce  buckram,  velvet's  dear ;  Christmas  comes  but  once  4 

year,  and  when  it  comes  it  brings  good  cheer,  but  when 

its  gone  its  never  the  near,  194. 
Bounty  being  free  itself,  thinks  all  others  so. 
Bourd  na  wi  bawty,  fear  lest  he  bite  ye,  232. 
Bourd  neither  wi'  me  nor  wi'  my  honour,  231. 
Boys  will  be  men. 
Brabbling  curs  never  want  sore  ears,  3 


A  COMPLETE  AXPHABXT  OF  FB0T£RB8.       333 

Brackley  breed,  better  to  bang  than  feed,  217* 

Brag's  a  good  dog  if  he  be  well  set  on  ;  but  he  dare  not  bite,  74. 

Brag's  a  good  dog,  but  he  hath  lost  his  tail,  74. 

Brag's  a  good  dog,  bat  Holdfast  is  a  better,  74. 

Braintree  boys,   brave    boys ;   Booking  boys,  rata ;   Church 

Street,  pnppy  dogs,  High  Garret,  cato,  203. 
Braintree  for  the  pure,  and  Bocking  for  the  poor ;  Cogshall  for 

the  jeering  town,  and  Kelvedon  for  the  whore,  203. 
BraTe  actions  nerer  want  a  trumpet. 
Bread  at  pleasure,  drink  by  measure.     ^. 
Bread  for  Borrough  men,  210. 
Bread  of  a  day,  de  of  a  month,  and  wine  of  a  year. 
Bread's  honse  skaild  never,  232. 
Bread  with  eyes,  cheese  without  eyes,  and  wine  that  leaps  up 

to  the  eyes,  3. 
Break  coals,  cut  candle,  set  brand  on  end,  neither  good  house- 
wife, nor  good  housewife's  friend. 
Break  my  head  and  bring  me  a  plaster,  151. 
Break  the  fegs  of  an  evil  custom. 
Brevity  is  a  great  praise  of  eloquence.     Cicero. 
Brevity  is  the  soul  of  wit. 
Bribes  throw  dust  into  cunning  men's  eyes. 
Bribes  will  enter  without  knocking,  74. 
Bridge    were  made  for  wise  men  to  walk  over,  and  fools  to 

ride  under,  74. 
Bring  a  cow  to  the  ha'  an'  she'll  rin  to  the  byre,  231. 
Bring  not  a  bagpipe  to  a  man  in  trouble,  74. 
Bring  something,  lass,  along  with  thee,  if  thou  intend  to  live 

with  me. 
Bring  your  line  to  the  wall,  not  the  wall  to  your  line. 
Briatol  milk,  220. 
Broken  sacks  will  hold  no  com,  75. 
Buckinghamshire  bread  and  beef,  197. 
Buffoonery  and  scurrility  are  the  corruption  of  wit,  as  knaverj 

is  of  wisdom. 
Building  and  the  marrying  of  children  are  great  wasters,  3. 
Building  castles  in  the  air. 
Building  is  a  sweet  impoverishing,  3. 
Burning  the  candle  at  both  ends. 
Bum  not  your  house  to  fright  away  the  mice. 
Burroughs  end  of  a  sheep  some  one,  50. 


A34       A  COMPLXTS  ALPHABET  OF  PBOVXBBB. 

fiush  natural ;  more  hairs  than  wit,  1 52. 

Business  and  action  strengthen  the  brain,  but  too  mach  stndj 

weakens  it. 
Business  is  the  salt  of  life,  75. 
Business  makes  a  man  as  weU  as  tries  him.  . 

Business  may  be  troublesome,  but  idleness  is  pernicious.  | 

Business  neglected  is  business  lost 

Busy-bodies  never  want  a  bad  day.  ! 

Busy  folks  are  always  meddling. 
Busy  will  have  bands,  7^» 

But  help  me  to  money,  and  I'll  help  myself  to  friends. 
But  one  egg,  and  that  addled. 
But  when,  quoth  Kettle  to  his  mare,  182. 
Butter  an'  burn  trouts  gar  maidens  force  the  wind,  232. 
Butter  is  gold  in  the  morning,  silver  at  noon,  and  lead  a^ 

night,  27. 
Butter's  once  a  year  in  the  cow*s  horn,  37* 
Buy  and  sell,  and  live  by  the  loss. 
Buy  at  a  market,  but  sell  at  home,  3. 
Buyers  want  an  hundred  eyes,  sellers  none,  75. 
Buying  a  thing  too  dear  is  no  bounty. 
Buying  and  selling  is  but  winning  and  losing,  7b. 
Buy  when  I  bid  you,  231. 
By  art  and  deceit  men  live  half  a  year ;  and  by  deceit  and  ar^ 

the  other  half. 
By  doing  nothing  we  learn  to  do  ill,  15. 
By  fits  and  girds,  as  an  ague  takes  a  goose,  160. 
By  fits  and  starts,  as  the  hog  pisseth,  160. 
By  guess,  as  the  blind  man  fell'd  the  dog,  231. 
By  hook  or  by  crook,  166. 

By  ignorance  we  mistake,  and  by  mistakes  we  learn. 
By  land  or  water  the  wind  ib  ever  in  my  face. 
By  little  and  little  the  poor  whore  sinks  her  bam,  112. 
By  others'  faults  wise  men  correct  their  own. 
By  requiting  one  friend  we  invite  many. 
By  the  husk  you  may  guess  at  the  nut. 
By  Tre,  Pol,  and  Pen,  you  shall  know  the  Cornish  men  20r 
By  wisdom  peace,  by  peace  plenty,  143. 
Bje  and  by  is  easily  said. 


A  OOMPLXTX  AIiFHABST  01   PBOTX&IIS.  356 

C 

Cadgers  are  ay  cracking  o'  crooksadles,  233. 

Calamity  is  the  toachstone  of  a  brave  mind. 

Call  me  cousin,  bat  co£en  me  not,  82. 

Call  not  a  surgeon  before  you  are  wounded. 

Call  your  husband  cuckold  in  jest,  and  he'll  nerer  suspect  you. 

Calm  weather  in  June  sets  com  in  tune,  33. 

Calamny  and  conjecture  may  injure  icnocency  itself. 

Cambridgeshire  camels,  198. 

Cambridgeshire  oaks,  198. 

Can  a  jackanapes  be  merry  when  a  clog  is  at  his  heels  ?  79. 

Can  a  mill  go  with  the  water  that's  past  ? 

Can  a  mouse  fall  in  love  with  a  cat  f 

Can  you  make  a  pipe  of  a  pig's  tail  7 

Canny  Newcastle,  217. 

Can*t  I  be  your  friend,  but  I  must  be  your  fool  too  ? 

Canterbury's   the  higher  rack,  but  Winchester's  the  better 

manger,  204. 
Capons  were  at  first  but  chickens. 
Care  and  diligence  bring  luck. 
Care  not,  and  that  will  prevent  horns. 
Care  not  would  have  it,  7^* 

Care  will  kill  a  cat ;  yet  there's  no  living  without  it,  76. 

Care's  no  cure,  76. 

Careless  men  let  their  end  steal  upon  them  unawares  and  un* 
provided. 

Careless  shepherds  make  many  a  feast  for  the  wolf. 

Carleton  warlers,  210. 

Carrion  kites  will  never  make  good  hawks,  108. 

Carry  your  knife  even  between  the  paring  and  the  apple. 

Cast  a  bone  in  the  de'il's  teeth  and  it  will  save  you,  233. 

Cast  no  dirt  into  the  well  that  gives  you  water. 

Cast  not  out  thy  foul  water  till  thou  hast  clean,  233. 

Cast  not  the  helve  after  the  hatchet. 

Cast  not  thy  cradle  over  thy  head,  83. 

Cast  your  staff  into  the  air,  and  it  will  fall  upon  its  roo^  m7A% 

Catch  not  at  the  shadow,  and  lose  the  substance. 

Catch  that  catch  may,  50. 

Catch  the  bear  before  you  sell  his  skin. 

Catholic  charity  makes  us  members  of  the  catholic  church. 


336  ▲  COHPLXTX  ALPHABXT  OF  PB0TEBB8. 

Cato  said  "he  had  rather  people  should  inquire  why  he  hadl 
not  a  statue  erected  to  his  memory,  thaa  why  he  had.*' 

Cats  eat  what  hussies  spare,  233. 

Cats  hide  their  claws. 

Cauld  cools  the  luve  that  kindles  o'er  hat,  233. 

Cause  not  thine  own  dog  to  bite  thee. 

Cease  your  snaw-baws  casting,  233. 

Censure  and  scandal  are  not  the  same. 

Censure's  the  tax  a  man  pays  the  public  for  bring  eminent. 

Cent,  per  cent,  do  we  pay  for  every  yicious  pleasure. 

Ceremonious  friends  are  so,  as  fJEu*  as  compliment  will  go. 

'Ch  was  bore  at  Taunton  Dean ;  where  should  I  be  bore  elae? 
219. 

Chains  of  gold  are  stronger  than  chains  of  iron. 

Chair-fdks  are  never  paid  enough,  78. 

Chalk  is  na  sheers,  233. 

Chance  is  a  dicer. 

Change  of  fortune  is  the  lot  of  life. 

Change  of  pasture  makes  fat  calves,  n. 

Change  of  weather  is  the  discourse  of  fools,  22. 

Change  of  women  makes  bald  knaves,  45. 

Changes  o'  warks  are  lightening  o'  hearu,  233. 

Changing  of  words  is  the  lighting  of  hearts. 

Charge  your  freend  ere  you  hae  need,  233. 

Charity  and  pride  have  different  aims,  yet  both  feed  the  poor* 

Charity  begins  at  home,  but  should  not  end  there,  IT^  233. 

Charity  ezcuseth  not  cheating. 

Charity  is  the  scope  of  all  Ood's  commands. 

Charity  vnll  rather  wipe  out  the  score  than  inflame  the  reckoiir 
ing. 

Charon  waits  for  all. 

Charre-folks  are  never  paid,  78. 

Cheating  play  never  thrives. 

Cheat  me  in  the  price,  but  not  in  the  goods. 

Cheese,  it  is  a  peevish  elf,  it  digests  all  things  but  itself,  29. 

Cheshire  chief  of  men,  198. 

Chickens  now-a-days  cram  the  cock,  78,  153. 

Children  and  chicken  must  ever  be  picking,  25. 

Children  and  fools  have  merry  lives,  78. 

Children  and  fools  tell  truth,  78. 

Children  are  certain  cares^  but  uncertain  comfortBi  4»  4(i. 


▲  COMPL£T£   ALPHABET  OF  PR0TERB9.  337 

Children  are  poor  men's  riches,  4,  46. 

Children  cry  for  nuts  and  apples,  and  old  men  for  gold  aud 

ailver. 
Children  have  wide  ears  and  long  tongaes. 
Children  increase  the  cares  of  life,  but  mitigate  the  remem- 
brance of  death. 
Children  pick  up  words  as  pigeons  peas,  aud  utter  them  again 

as  God  shall  please,  196. 
Children  suck  the  motlier  when  they  are  young,  and  the  father 

when  grown  up,  7H. 
Children  to  bed  and  the  goose  to  the  fire,  153. 
Children,  when  little,  make  parents  fooh;  when  great,  mad,  4. 
Child's  pig,  but  father's  hog,  78. 
Choke  up,  child,  the  church-yard's  nigh,  153. 
Choler  hates  a  counseUor. 

Choler  is  the  only  unruly  passion  that  justifies  itself. 
Choleric  men  are  blind  and  mad. 
Choose  a  wife  rather  by  your  ear  than  your  eye. 
Choose  rather  to  be  the  tail  of  lions  than  the  head  of  foxes,  27b. 
Christmas  comes  but  once  a  year. 
Church-work  goes  on  slowly,  79. 
City  gates  stand  open  to  the  bad  as  well  as  the  good. 
CiVil  carriage  is  the  best  sign  of  affection  to  a  woman. 
Claw  a  churl  by  the  breech  and  he  will  sh —  in  your  fist,  79, 

233. 
Claw  me,  and  I'll  claw  thee,  107- 
Clean  hands  want  no  washball. 
Cleaning  a  blot  with  blotted  fingers  maketh  a  sreater. 
Clear  and  round  dealing  is  the  honour  of  man  s  nature. 
Clear  conscience,  a  sure  card,  4,  269. 

Cleveland  in  the  clay,  bring  in  two  soles  and  carry  one  away,  224 
CUmb  not  too  high  lest  the  fall  be  the  greater. 
Close  sits  my  shirt,  but  closer  my  skin,  79. 
Clouds,  that  the  sun  builds  up,  darken  him. 
Cloudy  mornings  may  turn  to  clear  evenings,  80. 
Clowns  are  best  in  their  own  company,  but  gentlemen  are  best 

every  where. 
Cobblers  and  tinkers  are  the  best  ale-drinkers,  4. 
Cobbler's  law ;  he  that  takes  money  must  pay  the  shot,  65. 
Cold  broth  hot  again,  that  lov'd  I  never ;  old  love  renewed 
again,  that  lov'd  I  ever. 


33B  ▲  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OV  PBOTXSBa. 

Cold  of  complexion,  good  of  condition,  80. 

Cold  weather  and  knaves  come  out  of  the  north,  15. 

Come  and  welcome ;  go  by,  and  no  quarrel,  154. 

Come,  but  come  stooping,  80. 

Come  every  one  heave  a  pound,  154. 

Come  it  ear',  come  it  late,  in  May  comes  the  cowquake,  233i 

Come  na  to  the  counsel  unca'd,  233. 

Come  uncalled  sit  unserved,  232. 

Come  wi'  the  wind,  an'  gae  wi'  the  water,  233. 

Comes  to  my  hand  like  the  bow  o'  a  pint  stoup,  233. 

Coming  events  cast  their  shadows  before  them. 

Command  your  man  and  do  it  yourself,  154. 

Command  your  wealth,  else  that  will  command  yon. 

Commend  a  wedded  life,  but  keep  thyself  a  bachelor,  42. 

Commend  not  your  wife,  wine,  nor  house. 

Common  fame,  a  cunning  friar,  are  but  both  a  common  liar. 

Common  fame  hath  a  blister  on  its  tongue. 

Common  fame  is  seldom  to  blame,  91. 

Common  sense  is  the  growth  of  all  countries. 

Commonly  he  is  not  stricken  again  who  laughs  when  he  strikea. 

Company  in  misery  makes  it  light. 

Company  makes  cuckolds,  80. 

Comparison,  more  than  reality,  makes  men  happy  or  wretched. 

Comparisons  are  odious,  80. 

Compliments  cost  nothing,  yet  many  pay  dear  for  them. 

Concealed  goodness  is  a  sort  of  vice. 

Concealed  grudges  are  gangrenes  in  friendship. 

Conceited  goods  are  quickly  spent,  8 1 . 

Conditions  mak,  an'  conditions  brak,  233. 

Conduct  and  courage  lead  to  honour. 

Confess  and  be  hanged,  81. 

Confess  debt,  and  beg  days,  233. 

Confession  of  a  fault  makes  half  amends,  4. 

Confession  without  repentance,  friends  without  faith,  prayer 

without  sincerity,  are  mere  loss.     Ital, 
Confidence  goeth  farther  in  company  than  good  sense. 
Confidence  is  the  companion  of  success. 
Confine  your  tongue,  lest  it  confine  you. 
Conform  to  common  custom,  and  not  to  common  folly; 
Congleton  bears,  199. 
Congruity  is  the  mother  of  love. 
Conscience  cannot  be  compelled. 


A  COICPLBTS  ALPHABET  07  PBOTSBBS.  S3( 

ronscience  is  the  chamber  of  justice. 

Consider  not  pleasures  as  they  come,  but  as  they  go. 

Consider  well,  and  oft,  why  thou  camest  ioto  this  woild,  and 

how  soon  thou  must  go  out  of  it,  271. 
Consideration  gets  as  many  victories  as  rashness  loses. 
Consideration  is  half  conversion. 
Consideration  is  tlie  parent  of  wisdom. 
Constant  complaints  never  get  pity. 
Constant  dropping  wears  the  stone. 
Constant  occupation  prevents  temptation.     Ital. 
Contempt  is  the  sharpest  reproof. 
Contempt  is  usually  worse  borne  than  real  injuries. 
Contempt  will  cause  spite  to  drink  of  her  own  poison. 
Contempt  will  sooner  kill  an  injury  than  revenge. 
Contend  not  about  a  goat's  beard. 
Content  is  happiness. 
Content  is  more  than  a  kinedom. 
Content  is  the  philosopher  s  stone,  that  turns  all  it  touches 

into  gold. 
Content  lodges  oftener  in  cottages  than  palaces. 
Continual  cheerfulness  is  a  sign  of  wisdom. 
Contradiction  should  awaken  attention,  not  passion. 
Conversation  teaches  more  than  meditation. 
Cook-ruffian,  able  to  scald  the  devil  in  his  feathers,  154. 
Cooks  are  not  to  be  taught  in  their  own  kitchen. 
Cool  words  ficild  not  the  tongue. 
Com  and  horn  go  together,  81 . 
Corn  him  weel,  he*ll  work  the  better,  233. 
Com  in  good  years  is  hay  ;  in  ill  years  straw  is  corn,  4. 
Corn  is  cleansed  with  the  wind,  and  the  soul  with  chastening,  4. 
Com  is  not  to  be  gather'd  in  the  blade,  but  the  ear. 
Correction  should  not  respect  what  is  past  so  much  as  what  is 

to  come. 
Cormption  of  the  best  becomes  the  worst. 
Counsel  is  as  welcome  to  him  as  a  shoulder  of  mutton  to  i 

sick  horse,  154. 
Counsel  is  irksome  when  the  matter  is  past  remedy. 
Counsel  is  no  command,  233. 

Counsel  is  to  be  given  by  the  wise,  tlie  remedy  by  the  rich. 
Counsel  must  be  followed,  not  praised. 
Counsel  never  out  of  date.  268. 

1  2 


SAO  A   COMPLETE   ALPHABET   OF   PB0YERB8. 

Counsel  over  cupa  is  crazy,  5. 

Count  like  Jews,  an'  gree'like  brethren,  233. 

Count  not  your  chickens  before  they  be  hatch'd,  81. 

Count  siller  after  a'  your  kin,  233. 

Courage  and  resolution  are  the  spirit  and  soul  of  virtae. 

Courage,  conduct,  and  perseverance  conquer  all  before  them* 

Courage  consists  not  in  hazarding  without  fear,  but  in  being 

resolutely  minded  in  a  just  cause. 
Courage  mounteth  with  occasion. 
Courage  ought  to  have  eyes  as  well  as  arms. 
Courage  without  fortune  destroys  a  man. 
Court  holy  water,  155. 

Court  to  the  town  an*  whore  to  the  window,  233. 
Courtesie  is  cumbersome  to  them  that  ken  it  not,  233. 
Courtesy  is  the  inseparable  companion  of  vhrtue. 
Courtesy  on  one  side  can  never  last  long,  5, 
Courting  and  wooing,  brings  dallying  and  doing,  43. 
Courts  keep  no  almanacks,  5. 
Cousin-germans  quite  removed,  51. 
Cover  your  head  by  day  as  much  as  you  will,  by  night  as  mach 

as  you  can,  30. 
Cover  yourself  with  honey,  and  the  flies  will  have  at  you. 
Covet  nothing  over  much. 
Covetous  men  are  condemned  to  dig  in  the  mines  for  they 

know  not  who. 
Covetous  men  are  neither  fed,  clothed,  nor  respected. 
Covetous  men  live  drudges  to  die  wretches. 
Covetous  men's  chests  are  rich,  not  they. 
Covetousness,  as  well  as  prodigality,  brings  a  man  to  a  morsel 

of  bread. 
Covetousness  brings  nothing  home,  81. 
Covetousness  is  always  filling  a  bottomless  vessel. 
Covetousness  often  starves  other  vices. 
Cowards  are  cruel. 
Cowards  are  made  to  be  trampled  on,  unless  their  wit  cover 

them. 
Cowards  run  the  greatest  danger  of  any  men  in  a  battle 
Cowardice  is  afraid  to  be  known  or  seen. 
Crabbit  was,  an'  cause  had,  233. 
Crabs  breed  babs  by  the  help  of  good  lads,  82. 
Crack  me  that  nut,  quoth  Bumsted,  51. 


A   COMFUSTK  ALPHABET   OF  PUOYEKBS.  341 

Cradle  straws  are  scarce  out  of  his  breech,  83. 

Craft  borders  upon  knavery  ;  wisdom  neither  uses  nor  wants 

it. 
Craft  counting  all  things  brings  nothing  home,  5. 
Craft  must  have  clothes,  but  truth  loves  to  go  naked. 
Crafty  evasions  save  not  veracity. 
Crafty  men  deal  in  generals. 
Cream-pot  love,  51. 
Credit  is  better  than  ill  won  gear,  233. 
Credit  keeps  the  crown  o'  the  causeway,  233. 
Credit  lost  is  a  Venice-glass  broken,  which  cannot  be  solder' d, 

5. 
Creditors  have  better  memories  than  debtors. 
Credulity  thinks  others  short  sighted. 
Crimes  may  be  secret,  yet  not  secure. 
Criminals  are  punished  that  others  may  be  amended.     ItaL 
Cringing  is  a  gainful  accomplishment. 
Critics  are  like  brushers  of  other  men's  clothes. 
Crooked  by  nature,  is  never  made  straight  by  education. 
Crooked  carlin,  quo'  the  cripple  to  his  wife,  233. 
Crooked  logs  make  straight  fires,  5. 
Crosses  are  ladders  to  heaven,  5. 
Crosses,  though  not  pleasant,  are  wholesome. 
Crows  are  never  the  whiter  for  washing  themselves,  83. 
Crows  bewail  the  dead  sheep,  and  then  eat  them,  5. 
Cruelty  is  a  tyrant  that  is  always  attended  with  fear,  5. 
Cruelty  is  the  first  attribute  of  the  devil. 
Cry  you  mercy  killed  my  cat,  77 ^ 
Cuckolds  are  Christians  all  the  world  over,  51. 
Cuckolds  themselves  are  the  very  last  that  know  it. 
Cunning  craft  is  but  the  ape  of  vrisdom. 
Cunning  is  no  burden,  83. 
Cure  your  sore  eyes  only  vrith  your  elbow. 
Curse  on  accounts  with  relations !     Span. 
Curs'd  covra  have  short  horns,  82. 
Custom  in  infancy  becomes  nature  in  old  age. 
Custom  is  a  second  nature,  84. 
Custom  is  the  guide  of  the  ignorant. 
Custom  is  the  plague  of  vrise  men,  and  the  idol  of  fools 
Custom  makes  all  things  easy. 
Custom  without  reason  is  but  an  ancient  error. 


^42  A  OOVPUXK 

Cot  of  the  head  ma  tail,  sd  ^bnm  &a  icaS  sraj,  M. 

Cot,  or  gxre  ik  the  bdl,  135. 

Cot  joor  coat  aoeordmg  to  jamf  doth.  80. 

Cottii^  o«t  wcfl  k  bcCttr  tkm  aewiBg  «p  vdL 

D. 

Dafiog  doca  naethini^  2M. 

Dame  deisi  wily,  234. 

DaauBiDg  an*  laving  ia  g«de  ane  fiafain^  233. 

Danger  imd  delig^  gnw  on  one  atock. 

Danger  ia  next  nei^iboor  to  aeeontjr* 

Danger  paat,  God  ia  forgotten,  5. 

Dangers  are  OTereome  bj  dangera. 

Daoghtera  and  dead  fiah  are  no  keying  nam. 

Daated  bairns  bear  little,  233. 

David  and  Chad,  aow  peaae  good  or  bad,  36. 

Daws  love  one  another's  pnuttle. 

Daylight  will  peep  throngh  a  sma'  hole,  233. 

Dead  folks  can't  bite,  234. 

Dead  mice  feel  no  cold,  84. 

Deaf  men  are  quick-eyed  and  distmstfdl. 

Deaf  men  go  away  with  the  injury,  5. 

Deal,  Dover,  and  Harwich,  the  devil  gave  his  daughter  il 

marriage ;  and  by  a  codicil  of  his  ^oU,  he  added  Helieot 

and  the  Brill,  207. 
Death  an'  marriage  mak  term-day,  234. 
Death  and  the  grave  make  no  distinction  of  persons. 
Death  at  the  tae  door,  an'  heirship  at  the  tither,  234* 
Death  defies  the  doctor,  233. 
Death  devours  lambs  as  well  as  sheep. 
Death  hath  nothing  terrible  in  it,  but  what  life  hath  made  so 
Death  is  the  grand  leveller. 
Death  keeps  no  calendar,  5. 
Death  meets  us  everywhere. 

Death  rather  frees  us  from  ills  than  robs  ns  of  our  goods* 
Death's  day  is  doom's  day. 
Debt  is  an  evil  conscience. 
Debt  is  the  worst  poverty. 

Deceit  is  in  haste,  but  honesty  can  wait  a  fair  leisure. 
Deceiving  of  a  deceiver  is  no  knavery. 
Decency  and  decorum  are  not  pride. 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PB0TKEB9.       343 

l>eed8  are  fruito,  words  are  leaves,  5. 

Deeds  are  males,  and  words  are  but  females,  5. 

Deep  lies  the  heart's  language,  267. 

Deep  river,  moye  in  sUence,  .hallow  brooks  «re  noisy. 

Defaming  or  slandering  others  is  the  greatest  of  all  sins,  27 !• 

Defend  me  and  spend  me,  85. 

Defer  not  till  to-morrow  what  may  be  done  to-day. 

Defiance  provokes  an  enemy. 

Delays  are  dangerous. 

Delays  increase  desires,  and  sometimes  extinguish  them. 

Deliberate  slowly,  execute  promptly. 

Deliberating  is  not  delaying. 

Deliver  your  words  not  by  number  but  by  weight. 

Denials  make  little  faults  great. 

Denying  a  fault  doubles  it. 

Dependence  is  a  poor  trade. 

Desert  and  rewards  go  not  often  together,  6. 

Deserve  success,  and  you  shall  command  it. 

Desire  of  glory  is  the  last  garment  that  even  wise  men  put  off. 

Desires  are  nourished  by  delays,  5. 

Despair  gives  courage  to  a  coward. 

Despair  hath  ruined  some ;  but  presumption  multitudes. 

Desperate  cuts  must  have  desperate  cures,  84. 

Destiny  leads  the  wilUng,  but  drags  the  unwilling. 

Destroy  the  lion  while  he  is  but  a  whelp. 

Detraction  is  a  weed  that  grows  only  on  dunghills. 

Detractors  are  their  own  foes,  and  the  world*B  enemies. 

Dexterity  comes  by  experience. 

Diamonds  cut  diamonds. 

Dick's  as  dapper  as  a  cock- wren,  187. 

Did  you  ever  before  hear  an  ass  play  upon  a  lute  ? 

Diet  cures  more  than  the  lancet. 

Different  sores  must  have  different  salves. 

Difficulty  inakes  desire. 

Difficulties  give  way  to  diligence. 

Diffidence  is  the  right  eye  of  prudence. 

Dignities  and  honours  set  off  merit,  as  good  dress  does  good 
figures. 

Diligence  is  the  mother  of  good  fortune,  85. 

Dine  with  Duke  Humphrey,  157. 

Ding  down  the  nests,  and  the  rooks  will  flee  away.     Seoieh* 


344       A  COHPLETB  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTEBBS. 

Dinners  cannot  be  long  where  dfiinties  want,  85. 

Dirt  is  dirtiest  upon  the  fairest  spots. 

Dirt  parts  gude  company,  234. 

Dirty  troughs  will  serve  dirty  sows. 

Discontents  arise  from  our  desires  oftener  than  from  our 

Discreet  stops  make  speedy  journeys. 

Discreet  wives  have  sometimes  neither  eyes  nor  ears,  6. 

Discretion  in  speech  is  more  than  eloquence. 

Diseases  are  the  tax  on  ill  pleasures,  6. 

Disputations  leave  truth  in  the  middle,  and  party  at  both  ends. 

Dissembled  sin  is  double  wickedness. 

Dissemblers  oftener  deceive  themselves  than  others. 

Distrust  is  the  mother  of  safety,  but  must  keep  out  of  sight. 

Diversity  of  humours  breedeth  tumours,  6. 

Do  all  you  can  to  be  good,  and  you'll  be  so. 

Do  and  undo,  the  day  is  long  enough,  156. 

Do  as  little  as  you  can  to  repent  of. 

Do  as  most  men  do,  and  men  will  speak  well  of  thee,  1 17* 

Do  as  the  friar  saith,  not  as  he  doeth,  6. 

Do  as  the  maids  do,  say  no,  and  take  it,  233. 

Do  as  you're  bidden,  and  you'll  never  bear  blame,  71. 

Do  as  you  would  be  done  by,  234. 

Do  business,  but  be  not  a  slave  to  it. 

Do  evil,  and  look  for  like. 

Do  good,  and  then  do  it  again,  269. 

Do  good,  if  you  expect  to  receive  it. 

Do  in  the  hole  as  thou  would'st  do  in  the  hall,  234. 

Do  it  well,  that  thou  may'st  not  do  it  twice. 

Do  jeer  poor  folks,  and  see  how  it  will  thrive,  106. 

Do  not  all  you  can ;  spend  not  all  you  have  ;  believe  not  all 
you  hear ;  and  tell  not  all  you  know. 

Do  not  buy  of  a  huckster,  nor  be  negligent  at  an  inn.     SpaM. 

Do  not  close  a  letter  without  reading  it,  nor  drink  water  with- 
out seeing  it.     Span. 

Do  not  dwell  in  a  city,  where  a  horse  does  not  neigh,  nor  a 
dog  bark,  275. 

Do  not  dwell  in  a  city  whose  governor  is  a  physician,  272. 

Do  not  halloo  till  you  are  out  of  the  wood. 

Do  not  look  upon  the  vessel,  but  upon  that  which  it  contains, 
276. 

Do  not  make  fish  of  one  and  flesh  of  another. 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  07  PROYIBBS.       34A 

Do  not  make  me  kiss,  and  you  will  not  make  me  sin. 

Do  not  say  go,  but  gae  ;  t.  e,  go  thyself,  9. 

Do  not  speak  of  secret  matters  in  a  field  that  is  fall  of  little 

hills,  272. 
Do  not  spur  a  Anee  horse,  134. 
Do  not  trust  or  contend,  nor  borrow  or  lend,  and  you'll  gain 

in  the  end.     Span, 
Do  nothing  hastily  but  catching  of  fleas,  101. 
Do  the  likeliest,  and  hope  the  best,  234.' 
Do  nnto  others  as  yon  would  be  done  unto. 
Do  weel,  an'  doubt  nae  roan  ;  do  ill,  an'  doubt  a*  men,  234. 
Do  weel,  an'  dread  nae  shame. 
Do  well,  and  have  well,  87,  234. 
Do  what  thou  ought,  let  come  what  may,  6,  233. 
Dogs  are  hard  drove  when  they  eat  dogs. 
Dogs  bark  as  they  are  bred. 
Dogs  begin  in  jest  and  end  in  earnest 
Dogs  gnaw  bones  because  they  cannot  swallow  them,  6. 
Dogs  never  go  into  mourning  when  a  horse  dies. 
Dogs  ought  to  bark  before  they  bite,  87. 
Dogs  run  away  with  whole  shoulders,  156. 
Dogs  that  bark  at  a  distance  never  bite,  69. 
Dogs  that  hunt  foulest  scent  the  most  faults. 
Dogs  that  put  up  many  hares,  kill  none. 
Dogs  wag  their  tails  not  so  much  to  you  as  your  bread,  6. 
Dogs  will  redd  swine,  234. 
Doing  nothing  is  doing  ill. 
Don't  buy  a  pig  in  a  poke. 
Don't  cry  out  till  you  are  out  of  the  bush. 
Don't  measure  other  people's  com  by  your  own  bushel. 
Dorsetshire  dorsers,  201. 
I)oth  your  nose  swell  at  that  ?  56. 
Doable  charging  will  break  even  a  cannon,  233. 
Doable  drinks  are  gude  for  drouth,  233. 
Dover-court,  all  speakers  and  no  hearers,  207. 
^own  came  Tit,  and  away  tumbled  she  arsy  versy,  225. 
Draffe  is  good  enough  for  swine,  87,  234. 
Draffe  was  his  errand,  but  drink  he  would  have,  88. 
^raw  not  your  bow  till  your  arrow  is  fixed. 
I^niwn  wells  are  seldom  dry,  87. 
"Tawn  wells  have  sweetest  water,  87. 
Dree  out  the  inch  when  ye  hae  thol'd  the  span,  234, 


S46      A  COMPLETE  ALPnABET  OF  PROYXBBS. 

Drift  18  as  bad  as  unthrift,  52. 

Drink  and  drought  come  not  always  together,  234. 

Drink  in  the  morning  staring,  then  all  the  day  be  sp  :nng,  29, 

Drink  little,  that  ye  may  drink  lang,  233. 

Drink  ofif  your  drink  and  steal  no  lambs,  52. 

Drink  washes  ofif  the  daub,  and  discovers  the  man. 

Drink  wine,  and  have  the  gout ;  drink  none,  and  have  it  too,  2S 

Drink  wine  in  winter  for  cold,  and  in  summer  for  heat. 

Drinking  kindness  is  drunken  friendship. 

Drinking  water  neither  makes  a  man  sick,  nor  in  debt,  nor  hit 

wife  a  widow. 
Drive  not  a  second  nail  till  the  first  be  clinched. 
Drive  not  too  many  ploughs  at  once  ;  some  will  make  foul  work. 
Drive  the  nail  that  will  go. 
Drive  thy  business ;  let  not  that  drive  thee. 
Drop  by  drop  the  lake  is  drained. 
Drought  never  bred  dearth  in  England,  35. 
Drowning  men  will  catch  at  a  rush,  88. 
Drown  not  thyself  to  save  a  drowning  man. 
Drumming  is  not  the  way  to  catch  a  hare. 
Drunkards  have  a  fool's  tongue  and  a  knave's  heart. 
Drunken  folks  seldom  take  harm,  88. 
Drunken  wife  gat  ay  the  drunken  penny,  234. 
Drunkenness  is  a  pair  of  spectacles  to  see  the  devil  and  all  his 

works. 
Drunkenness  is  an  egg  from  which  all  vices  are  hatched. 
Drunkenness  is  nothing  but  voluntary  madness. 
Drunkenness  makes  some  men  fools,  some  beaats,  and  some 

devils. 
Drunkenness  turns  a  man  out  of  himself,  and  leaves  a  beast  ii 

his  room. 
Dry  August  and  warm,  doth  harvest  no  harm,  34. 
Dry  bread  at  home  is  better  than  roast  meat  abroad,  II. 
Dry  bread  is  better  with  love  than  a  fat  capon  with  fear,  48. 
Dry  over  head,  happy,  267. 
Ducks  fare  well  in  the  Thames,  8S. 
Dumb  folks  get  no  lands,  88. 
Dummie  canna  lie,  234. 
Dunmow  bacon,  and  Doncaster  daggers,  Monmouth  capsi  and 

Lemster  wool,  Derby  ale,  and  London  beer,  225. 
Dring  is  as  natural  as  living. 


A  COKPLXTE  ALPHAAET  Or  PB0TEUB8.       347 

E. 

Each  bird  loves  to  hear  himself  sing,  269. 

Each  cross  hath  its  inscription,  83. 

Eagles  catch  nae  flees,  234. 

Eagles  fly  alone,  but  sheep  flock  together. 

Early  birds  pick  up  the  crumbs  (or  worms). 

Early  master,  lang  knave,  234. 

Early  ripe,  early  rotten. 

Early  sow,  early  mow,  88. 

Early  to  bed,  early  to  rise,  make  a  man  healthy,  wealthy,  and 

wise,  29. 
Early  up,  and  never  the  nearer,  88. 
Earth  is  the  best  shelter,  263. 
East  or  west,  home  is  best. 
Easy  it  is  to  bowl  down  hill. 

Easy  to  keep  the  castle  that  was  never  besieged.     Scotch, 
Eat  a  bit  before  you  drink,  29. 
Eat  a  peck  of  salt  with  a  man  before  yon  trust  him. 
Eat  an'  drink  measnrely,  an'  defy  the  mediciners,  234. 
Eat,  and  welcome ;  fasl^  and  heartily  welcome,  61. 
Eat  at  pleasure,  drink  by  measure,  29. 
Eat  litUe  at  dinner,  less  at  supper,  sleep  aloft,  and  you  will 

sleep  oft.     Span. 
fiat  peas  with  the  king,  and  cherries  with  the  beggar. 
Eat  thy  meat,  and  drink  thy  drink,  and  stand  thy  ground,  old 

Harry,  63. 
Eat  to  live,  but  do  not  live  to  eat,  6. 
Eat-well  is  drink-well*s  brother,  234. 
Eaten  bread  is  forgotten,  89. 
Eaten  meat  is  gude  to  pay,  234. 
Eating  an*  drinking  want  but  a  beginnin,  234. 
Eating  and  drinking  take  away  one's  stomach,  88. 
Education  begins  a  gentleman,  conversation  completes  him. 
Education  polishes  good  natures,  and  correcteth  bad  ones. 
Eggs  of  an  hour,  fish  of  ten,  bread  of  a  day,  wine  of  a  year,  a 

woman  of  fifteen,  and  a  friend  of  thirty. 
Eggs  will  be  in  three  bellies  in  four-and-twenty  hours,  89. 
EUd  wa'd  hae  honour,  234. 
Either  a  man  or  a  mouse. 
Either  by  might  or  by  sleight.  171 


348      A  COMPLKTE  ALPHABET  07  PBOTXSB8. 

Either  live  or  die  vi'  honour,  234. 

Either  the  hearer  or  relater  of  fopperies  must  be  a  fool. 

Either  win  the  horse  or  lose  the  saddle,  182. 

Eldeu  Hole  needs  filling,  158,  201. 

Empty  hands  allure  no  hawks,  89. 

Empty  Tessels  give  the  greatest  sound,  89. 

Emulation  is  lively  and  generous,  envy  base  and  malicious. 

Emulation  layeth  up  a  grudge. 

England*s  the  paraaise  of  women,  the  hell  of  horses,  and  the 

purgatory  of  servants,  4/. 
Enjoy  your  little  while  the  fool  seeks  for  more.     Span. 
Enough's  as  good  as  a  feast,  to  one  that's  not  a  beast,  90. 
Enough  is  a  feast,  too  much  a  vanity. 
Enough  to  keep  the  wolf  from  the  door. 
Enquire  not  what,  is  in  another  s  pot. 
Envy  and  covetousness  are  never  satisfied. 
Envy  never  yet  enriched  any  man,  7. 
Envy  shoots  at  others,  and  wounds  herself. 
Error  is  always  in  haste. 
Error,  though  blind  herself,  sometimes  bringeth  forth  children 

that  can  see. 
Errors,  in  the  first  concoction,  are  hardly  mended  in  the  second 
Essex  calves,  203. 
Essex  stiles,  Kentish  miles,  Norfolk  wiles,  many  a  man  b^oiles 

90,  202. 
Eternity  has  no  grey  hairs. 
Even  a  child  may  beat  a  man  that's  bound. 
Even  a  fly  hath  its  spleen. 

Even  a  pin  is  good  for  something,  and  that's  more  than  yea  are 
Even  an  ass  will  not  fall  twice  in  the  same  quick-sand. 
Even  an  emmet  may  seek  revenge. 
Even  as  the  blind  man  shot  the  crow. 

Even  covetous  men  have  sometimes  their  intervals  of  generosity. 
Even  doubtful  accusations  leave  a  stain  behind  them. 
Even  fools  sometimes  speak  to  the  purpose. 
Even  ill  luck  itself  is  good  for  something  in  a  wise  man's  hand. 
Even  reckoning  keeps  long  friends,  127. 
Even  sugar  itself  may  spoU  a  good  dish. 
Even  too  much  praise  is  a  burden. 
E'en  venture  on,  as  Johnson  did  on  his  wife,  61. 
Evening  red  and  morning  grey,  are  unfailing  signs  of  a  genial 

day* 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PR0TERB8.       34<^ 

Isvening  oats  are  good  morning  fodder,  90,  2^4» 

Ever  drunk,  ever  dry,  88. 

Ever  spare,  ever  bare,  133. 

Every  age  confutes  old  errors,  and  begets  new 

Every  ass  loves  to  hear  himself  bray. 

Every  ass  thinks  himself  worthy  to  stand  with  the  Idng't 

horses,  68. 
Every  bean  hath  its  black,  69. 
Every  bird  is  known  by  its  feathers. 
Every  bird  likes  its  own  nest  the  best. 
Every  bird  must  hatch  its  own  eggs,  72. 
Every  block  will  not  make  a  Mercury. 
Every  body's  business  is  nobody's  business. 
Every  cake  hath  its  make ;  but  a  scrape  cake  hath  two,  50. 
Every  cock  is  proud  on  his  own  dunghill,  80* 
Every  cook  praises  his  own  broth. 
Every  couple  is  not  a  pair. 
Every  cross  hath  its  inscription. 
Every  day  brings  a  new  light. 
Every  day  hath  ita  night,  every  weal  its  woe,  5. 
Every  day  of  the  week  a  shower  of  rain,  and  on  Sunday 

twain,  58. 
Every  dog  hath  its  day,  and  every  man  his  hour,  86. 
Every  dog  is  a  lion  at  home. 
Every  dog  is  valiant  at  his  own  door. 
Every  fool  can  find  faults  that  a  great  many  wise  men  can't 

remedy. 
Every  fox  must  pay  his  own  skin  to  the  flayer,  95. 
Every  gap  hath  its  bush,  97. 
Every  good  scholar  is  not  a  good  schoolmaster. 
Every  heart  hath  ita  own  ache. 
Every  herring  must  hang  by  its  own  gill,  102. 
Every  horse  thinks  his  own  pack  heaviest. 
Every  Jack  must  have  his  Jill,  106. 
Every  lamb  knows  its  own  dam,  204. 
Every  light  has  its  shadow. 
Every  light  is  not  the  sun,  12. 
Every  little  helps,  as  the  old  woman  said  when  she  p—  in  tha 

sea. 
Every  land  has  its  laugh,  an'  every  corn  baa  ita  caff,  234. 
Every  maid  is  undone,  114. 


350       A  COKPLETX  ALPHABET  OF  PROTBBat. 

E?ery  man  a  little  beyond  bimself  is  a  fool. 

Every  man  as  his  business  lies,  7o, 

Every  man  cannot  be  vicar  of  Bowden,  199. 

Every  man  doth  his  own  business  best. 

Every  man  flams  the  fat  sow*s  a — ,  2.34. 

Every  man  for  himself,  and  God  for  us  all,  103,  234. 

Every  man  has  his  ain  draflf  pock,  234. 

Every  man  hath  his  hobby  horse,  90. 

Every  man  hath  a  fool  in  his  sleeve,  94. 

Every  man  hath  his  lot. 

Every  man  hath  his  own  planet. 

Every  man  hath  his  weak  side,  90. 

Every  mati  in  his  way,  61. 

Every  man  is  a  fool  or  a  physician  at  forty,  27,  234. 

Every  man  is  best  known  to  himself,  1 1 . 

Every  man  is  not  bom  with  a  silver  spoon  in  his  moullu 

Every  man  is  the  architect  of  his  own  fortune. 

Every  man  is  the  son  of  his  own  works. 

Every  n^an  kens  best  where  his  own  shoe  pinches.     Scotch. 

Every  man  loves  justice  at  another  man's  house  ;  nobody  carsa 

for  it  at  his  own. 
Every  man  must  eat  a  peck  of  dirt  before  he  dies,  68. 
Every  man's  neighbour  is  his  looking-glass,  267. 
Every  man's  nose  vrill  not  make  a  shoeing-horu,  119. 
Every  mqtn's  tale  is  gude  till  anither's  be  tauld,  234. 
Every  man  thinks  hio  own  geese  swans. 
Every  man  to  his  trade,  quoth  the  boy  to  the  bishop. 
Every  man  wears  his  belt  his  ain  gate,  234. 
Every  man  will  shoot  at  the  enemy,  but  few  will  fetch  the 

shafts,  131. 
Every  man.vrishes  the  water  to  his  ain  mill,  234. 
Every  may-be  hath  a  may-be  not,  115. 
Every  miller  draws  the  water  to  his  own  mill,  116. 
Every  monkey  will  have  his  gambols. 
Every  monster  hath  its  multitudes. 
Every  mote  doth  not  blind  a  man. 
Every  one  as  they  like,  as  the  woman  said  when  she  kissed 

the  cow.  111. 
Every  one  basteth  the  fat  hog,  while  the  lean  one  bumeth,  7* 
Every  one  can  keep  house  better  than  her  mother  till  she 

trieth,  119. 


▲  OOHPLETX  ALPHABET  OF  PB0YEBB8.  361 

Rvery  one  can  tame  a  ahrew  bat  he  that  hath  her,  45,  234. 

Every  one  cannot  dwell  at  Rotheras,  206. 

Every  one  hath  a  penny  for  a  new  ale-house,  119- 

Every  one  ia  glad  to  see  a  knave  caught  in  hia  own  trap. 

Every  one  ia  kin  to  the  rich  man,  108. 

Every  one' a  cenaure  ia  first  moulded  in  his  own  nature. 

Every  one's  faults  are  not  written  on  their  foreheads,  95« 

Every  one  puts  his  faults  on  the  times,  20. 

Every  one  should  sweep  before  his  own  door. 

Every  one  that  can  lick  a  dish,  55. 

Every  one  thinks  himself  able  to  advise  another. 

Every  path  hath  a  puddle,  16. 

Every  pea  hath  its  vease,  and  a  bean  fifteen,  5. 

Every  penny  that's  saved  is  not  gotten,  129. 

Every  plummet  is  not  for  every  sound. 

Every  poor  man  is  counted  a  fool,  267. 

Every  potter  praises  his  own  pot,  and  more  if  it  be  broken. 

Every  reed  wUl  not  make  a  pipe. 

Every  scale  hath  its  counterpoise. 

Every  scrap  of  a  wise  man's  time  is  worth  saving. 

Every  shoe  fits  not  every  foot,  13  i . 

Every  sin  carries  its  own  punishment. 

Every  slip  is  not  a  fall. 

Every  sow  deserves  not  a  sack  posset. 

Every  sow  to  her  own  trough,  133. 

Every  sparrow  to  its  ear  of  wheat. 

Every  sprat  now-a-days  calls  itself  a  herring. 

Every  thing  hath  an  end,  and  a  pudding  hath  two,  89. 

Every  thing  hath  its  time,  and  that  time  must  be  watched. 

Every  thing  is  good  in  its  season,  18. 

Every  thing  is  the  worse  for  wearing,  145. 

Every  tide  hath  its  ebb. 

Every  time  the  sheep  bleats  it  loseth  a  mouthful. 

Every  tub  must  stand  upon  its  own  bottom,  138. 

Every  tub  smells  of  the  wine  it  holds. 

Every  vice  fights  against  nature. 

Every  wench  hath  her  sweetheart,  and  tlie  dirtiest  commonl| 
the  most,  50. 

Every  why  has  a  wherefore. 

Everybody's  business  is  nobody's  business. 

EvU  comes  to  us  by  ells  and  goes  away  by  incher*. 


352       A  OOMPLBTX  ALPUABST  OF  PUOTERBt. 

Evil  commonications  corrapt  good  Euannen. 

Evil  gotten,  evil  spent. 

Evil  is  soon  believed. 

Evil  that  Cometh  oat  of  thy  month  flieth  into  thy  hoaom»  7* 

Example  is  better  than  precept 

Examples  teach  more  than  precepts. 

Excess  of  delight  palis  the  appetite. 

Excess  of  obligations  may  lose  a  friend. 

Exchange  is  no  robbery,  90. 

Expect  not  fair  weather  in  winter  on  one  night's  ice,  22. 

Expect  nothing  from  him  who  promises  a  great  deal. — Ital^ 

Experience  is  good  if  not  bought  too  dear. 

Experience  is  the  father  of  wisdom,  and  memory  the  moiber 

Experience  is  the  great  baffler  of  speculation. 

Experience  is  the  mistress  of  foob,  90. 

Experience  is  the  mother  of  science. 

Experience  keeps  a  dear  school,  but  fools  learn  in  no  other. 

Experience  teacheth  fools ;  and  he  is  a  great  one  that  will  not 

learn  by  it,  234. 
Experience  without  learning  is  better  than  learning  ¥rithout 

experience. 

^  P. 

Face  to  face,  the  truth  comes  out*  91. 

Fain  would  the  cat  fish  eat,  but  she's  loth  to  wet  her  feet,  76. 

Faint  heart  never  won  fair  lady,  91,  235. 

Faint  praise  is  disparagement,  91. 

Fair  and  sluttish,  black  and  proud,  long  and  lazy,  little  and 

loud,  46. 
Fair  and  softly,  as  lawyers  go  to  heaven,  178. 
Fair  and  softly  goes  far  in  a  day,  91. 
Fair  chieve  all  where  love  trucks,  4 1 . 
Fair  chieve  good  ale,  it  makes  many  folks  speak  as  they  think, 

Fair  faces  need  no  paint. 

Fair  fall  nothing  once  by  the  year,  1 1 9. 

Fair  fall  truth  and  daylight,  13». 

Fair  feathers  make  fair  fowls,  9 1 . 

Fair  hair  may  hae  foul  roots,  235. 

Fair  heights  mak  fools  fain,  235. 

~      in  the  cradle,  and  foul  on  the  saddle.  91  • 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PBOVSaBS.  36ft 

Fair  is  not  fair,  but  that  which  pleaaeth,  7> 
Fair  play's  a  jewel ;  dou*t  pull  my  hair,  1 59. 
Fair  words  and  fool  play  cheat  both  young  and  old. 
Fair  words  break  no  bone,  but  foul  words  many  a  one. 
Fair  words  butter  no  parbuips,  144. 
Fair  words  fill  not  the  belly»  nor  mind  always,  71* 
Fair  words  please  fools,  144. 
Fair  w  )rds  ¥rinna  gar  the  pat  play,  235. 
Faith  sees  by  the  ears. 
Fall  back,  fell  edge.  159 
Fall  not  out  with  a  friend  for  a  trifle,  7. 
Yalse  folk  should  have  many  witnesses.     Scotch, 
False  friends  are  worse  than  open  enemies. 
Fa*8hood  made  ne'er  a  fair  hinder  end,  235. 
Fame  is  a  magnifying  glass. 
Fame  is  a  thin  shadow  of  eternity. 

Fame  is  but  the  breath  of  the  people,  and  that  often  unwhole- 
some. 
Fame  is  in  the  keeping  of  the  mob. 
Fame  is  the  perfume  of  heroic  deeds.     Socrates. 

Fame,  like  a  river,  is  narrowest  at  its  source  and  broadest  atai 
oflf. 

Fancy  flees  afore  the  wind,  235. 

Fancy  may  bolt  bran,  and  think  it  flour,  92. 

Fancy  may  kill  or  cure,  235. 

Fancy  surpasses  beauty,  92. 

Fanned  fire,  and  forced  love,  never  did  well  yet.     Scotch, 

Far  a-hent  that  may  na  follow,  235. 

Far-fetched  and  dear-bought  is  good  for  ladies,  92,  235. 

Far  fouls  hae  fair  feathers,  235. 

Far  folks  fare  well,  and  fair  children  die,  92. 

Far  from  court,  far  from  care,  81. 

Farewell  and  be  hanged ;  friends  must  part,  159. 

Farewell  frost;  nothing  got,  is  nothing  lost,  159. 

Fast  bind,  fast  find. 

Fat  drops  fall  from  fat  flesh,  92. 

Fat  housekeepers  make  lean  executors. 

Fat  paunches  make  lean  pates,  92,  123. 

Fat  sorrow  is  better  than  lean  sorrow,  92,  123. 

Fate  leads  the  willing,  but  drives  the  stubborn. 

A  A 


354      ▲  GOMPLETX  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTEBBS. 

Fathers,  in  rerlaiming  of  a  child,  Rhoidd  outwit  him,  &nd  ^' 

dom  beat  him. 
Faults  are  thick  where  love  is  thin,  267. 
Faults  of  ignorance  are  excusable  only  where  the  iguorantt 

itself  is  so. 
Faults  that  are  rich  are  fair. 
Fear  can  keep  a  man  out  of  danger,  but  courage  only  can  sap 

port  him  in  it. 
Fear  is  one  part  of  prudence. 
Fear  is  stronger  than  love. 

Fear  not  the  loss  of  the  bell  more  than  the  loss  of  the  steeple,  7. 
Feasting  is  the  physician's  harrest.  , 

Feasting  makes  no  friendship,  93. 
Feather  by  feather  the  goose  is  plucked. 
February  fill  dike  be  it  black  or  white ;  but  if  it  be  white,  it's 

the  better  to  Hke,  32. 
February  makes  a  bridge,  and  March  breaks  it,  32. 
Februeer  doth  cut  and  shear,  32. 
Feckless  fowk  are  ay  fain  o'  ane  anither,  235. 
Feed  a  pig,  and  you'll  have  a  hog. 
Feed  sparingly  and  defy  the  physician,  29. 
Feeling  hath  no  fellow,  93. 
Felicity  eats  up  circumspection. 
Felicity  lies  much  in  fancy. 
Fetters,  even  of  gold,  are  heavy,  93. 
Fetters  of  gold  are  still  fetters,  and  silken  cords  pinch. 
Few  are  fit  to  be  entrusted  with  themselves. 
Few  hearts  that  are  not  double,  few  tongues  that  are  not  cloven. 
Few  leaves,  and  bad  fruit. 

Few  men  will  be  better  than  their  interest  bids  them. 
Few  take  wives  for  God*s  sake,  or  for  fair  looks. 
Few  there  are  that  will  endure  a  true  friend. 
Few  things  in  the  world  will  bear  too  much  refining. 
Few  words  are  best,  144. 
Few  words,  many  deeds. 
Few  words  sufficeth  to  a  wise  man,  235. 
Fiddlers*  dogs  an'  flees  come  to  a  feast  uncaM,  235. 
Fiddler's  fare  ;  meat,  drink,  and  money,  7. 
Fie  upon  hens,  quoth  the  fox,  because  he  could  oot  reach 

them,  95. 
Fields  l'a?v  eyes,  and  hedges  ears.  93* 


▲  COICPLITJB  ALPHABET  OF  PROVERBS.  35d 

Fight  dog,  fight  bear,  159. 

FiU  fa'  an'  luind  fa'  make  a  stork  man,  235. 

Fill  what  yoa  will,  and  drink  what  yoa  will,  64. 

Find  yoa  withoat  an  excuse,  and  find  a  hare  without  a  menae. 

158. 
Fine  a  poor  man  sixpence,  and  not  a  bottle  of  wine. 
Fine  clothes  oftentimes  hide  a  base  descent. 
Fine  clothes  wear  soonest  out  of  fashion. 
Fine  doth  is  never  out  of  fashion. 

Fine  dressing  is  usually  a  foul  house  swept  before  the  door,  6. 
Fine  feathers  make  fine  birds. 

Fire  and  water  are  good  servants,  but  bad  masters,  93. 
Fire  and  water  are  not  more  necessary  than  friends  are. 
Fire  in  flax  will  smoke. 
Fire  is  gude  for  the  fersie,  235. 
Fire  is  not  to  be  quenched  with  tow. 
Fire,  quoth  the  fox,  when  he  pissed  on  the  ice,  95. 

First  canting,  then  wooing,  then  dallying,  then  doing. 

First  come,  first  served,  93. 

First  creep,  then  go. 

First  deserve,  and  then  desire,  6. 

First  hang  and  draw,  then  hear  the  cause  by  Lidford's  law, 
201. 

Fish  and  guests  smell  at  three  days  old,  93. 

Fish  are  not  to  be  caught  with  a  bird-call,  93. 

Fish  make  no  broth,  8. 

Fish  must  swim  thrice— once  in  the  water,  once  in  the  sauce, 
and  a  third  time  in  wine  in  the  stomach,  29. 

Fish  spoils  water,  but  flesh  mends  it,  30. 

Fishes  are  cast  away  that  are  cast  into  dry  ponds,  93. 

Fishes  follow  the  bait,  8. 

Flatterers  haunt  not  cottages. 

Flattery  displays  a  braver  flag  than  humility. 

Flattery  is  Uke  friendship  in  show,  but  not  in  fruit.     SocraUi. 

Flattery  sits  in  the  parlour,  when  plain  dealing  is  kicked  out 
of  doors. 

Fleas  an'  a  giming  wife  are  wakerife  bedfellows,  235. 

Flesh  never  stands  so  high  but  a  dog  will  venture  his  legs,  93. 

Fleying  a  bird  is  na  the  gate  to  grip  it,  235. 

Flight  towards  preferment  will  be  but  slow  without  some  golJcu 
feathers. 


556  A  OOMPI.STE  ALPHABET  OT  FB0TZBB8. 

Fling  down  the  nests,  and  the  rooks  will  be  gone. 

Fly  pleasure,  and  it  will  follow  thee,  16. 

Follow  love  and  it  will  flee,  flee  love  and  it  will  follow  tiatee,  41. 

Follow  the  river  and  you  will  get  to  sea,  94. 

Follow  the  wise  few  rather  than  the  vulgar  many.     Hoi, 

Follow  truth  too  close  at  the  heels  'twill  strike  oat  your  teeth, 

21. 
Folly  and  learning  often  dwell  together. 
Folly,  as  well  as  wisdom,  is  justified  by  its  children. 
Folly  is  a  bony  dog,  235. 
Folly  is  the  poverty  of  the  mind. 
Folly  is  the  product  of  all  countries  and  ages,  if 4. 
Fond  pride  of  dress  is  sure  a  very  curse ;  ere  fancy  yoa  con* 

suit,  consult  your  purse. 
Foolish  fear  doubleth  danger. 
Foolish  pity  spoils  a  city,  125. 

Fools  and  madmeu  ought  not  to  be  left  in  their  own  company* 
Fools  and  obstinate  men  make  lawyers  rich. 
Fools  and  philosophers  were  made  out  of  cne  isame  metal. 
Fools  are  ail  the  world  over,  as  he  said  that  shod  the  goose. 
Fools  are  always  resolute  to  make  good  iheir  own  folly. 
Fools  are  fain  o*  flitting,  235. 
Fools  are  fain  o'  right  nought,  235. 
Fools  are  not  to  be  convinced. 
Fools  are  pleased  with  their  own  blunders. 
Fools  are  wise  men  in  the  affairs  of  women. 
Fools  build  houses,  and  wise  men  buy  them,  94. 
Fools  grow  without  watering. 
Fool's  haste  is  no  speed,  235. 

Fools  lade  out  all  the  water,  and  wise  men  lake  iha  Lsh,  »4. 
Fools  laugh  at  their  own  sport. 
Fools  live  poor  to  die  rich. 
Fools  make  feasts,  and  wise  men  eat  tLem,  9't. 
Fools  may  ask  more  in  an  hour  than  wise  men  can  answer  uj 

seven  years,  94. 
Fools  may  sometimes  give  wise  men  tcunsel,  94. 
Fools  refuse  favours,  2(i8. 
Fools  set  far  trysts,  236. 
Fools  set  stools  for  wise  men  to  stumble  at,  94. 
Fools  shou'd  na  hae  chapping- sticks,  235. 
Fools  should  not  see  half-done  work,  *^aif 


A  GOMPUBTB  ▲lO'HABST  OT  PBOTEBBS.  357 

Fools  tie  knots,  and  wise  men  loose  them,  8. 

Fools  will  be  meddling,  94. 

Fools  will  not  part  with  their  bauble  for  all  Lombard  Street,  94. 

Foppish  dressing  tells  the  world  the  outside  is  the  best  of  the 

puppet. 
For  a  flying  enemy  make  a  silver  bridge,  7. 
For  a  tint  thing  care  na,  235. 
For  age  and  want  sa^e  while  you  may,  no  momiDg  sun  lasts  a 

whole  day. 
For  fashion's  sake,  as  dogs  go  to  church,  235. 
For  faut  o'  wise  men  fools  sit  on  binks,  235. 
For  his  death  there  is  many  a  wet  eye  in  Groby  pool,  210. 

For  ill  do  well,  then  fear  not  heU. 

For  luT  of  the  nurse  mony  kiss  the  bairn,  235. 

For  mad  words  deaf  ears. 

For  my  own  pleasure,  as  the  man  said  when  he  struck  his  wife. 

For  my  peck  of  malt  set  the  kiln  on  fire,  1/0. 

For  one  good  turn  another  doth  itch  ;  claw  my  elbow,  &c.,  138. 

For  one  rich  man  that  is  content  there  are  a  hundred  that  are 
not. 

For  sovereign  power  aU  laws  are  broken.     Span. 

For  that  thou  canst  do  thyself  rely  not  on  another,  2. 

For  the  rose  the  thorn  is  often  plucked,  129. 

For  want  of  a  nail  the  shoe  is  lost ;    for  want  of  a  shoe  tlic 
horse  is  lost ;  for  want  of  a  horse  the  man  is  lost,  2 1 . 

For  want  of  company  welcome  trumpery,  5 1 . 

For  whom  does  the  blind  man*s  wife  paint  hersr^lf  ? 

Forbearance  is  no  acquittance,  94. 

Forbid  a  fool  a  thing,  and  that  he'll  do,  233. 

Forbidden  fruit  is  sweet. 

Force  without  fore-cast  is  of  littie  avail. 

Fore-cast  is  better  than  work-hard,  95. 

Forewarned,  fore-armed. 

Forget  others*  faults  by  remembering  your  own. 

Forgetting  of  a  wrong  w  a  mild  reveiigt,  u5. 

Forgive  and  forget. 

Foi^ve  any  sooner  than  thyself,  8. 

Forsake  not  the  market  for  the  toll,  114. 

Fortitude  is  the  mean  between  fear  and  raslinees. 

Fortune  can  take  from  us  nothing  but  what  she  gave  us. 

Fortune  dreads  the  brave,  and  is  only  terrible  to  the  coward. 
Seneca. 


358  ▲  COMPLETE  ALPH^3ST  OF  nOTXBBB. 

Fortune  favours  the  brave. 

Fortune  favours  fools,  94. 

Fortune  gives  her  hand  to  a  bold  x&ac. 

Fortune  has  no  power  over  discretios.    Solon, 

Fortune  helps  them  that  help  themselves. 

Fortune  is  tike  the  market,  where  if  jr;v  bide  your  timei 

the  price  will  fall. 
Fortune  knocks  once  at  least  at  every  man's  gate. 
Fortune  often  lends  her  smiles  as  churls  do  money,  to  undo 

the  debtor. 
Fortune  often  rewards  with  interest  those  that  have  padence 

to  wait  for  her. 
Fortune  rarely  brings  good  or  evil  singly. 
Fortune  sometimes  favours  those  whom  she  afterwards  de- 
stroys.   ItaL 
Fortune  wearies  with  carrying  one  and  the  same  man  always. 
Foul  water  will  quench  fire,  140,  235. 
Four  eyes  see  more  than  two. 

Four  farthings  and  a  thimble,  make  a  tailor's  pocket  jingle,  60. 
Foxes  dig  not  their  own  holes. 
Foxes  never  fare  better  than  when  they  are  curst,  95. 
Foxes  prey  farthest  from  their  earths,  95. 
Foxes,  when  they  cannot  reach  the  grapes,  say  they  are  not 

ripe,  8. 
Fraud  and  deceit  are  always  in  haste. 
Free  of  her  lips,  free  of  her  hips,  46. 
Freedom  is  a  fair  thing,  235. 
Freendship  canna  stand  ay  on  ae  side,  235. 
Fresh  fish  and  new-come  guests  smell  by  that  they  are  three 

days  old,  93. 
Fresh  fish  an'  poor  freends  grow  soon  ill-faur'd,  235. 
Friday's  hair,  and  Sunday's  horn,  goes  to  the  D'ule  on  Mon 

day  mom,  195. 
Friends  are  like  fiddle-strings,  they  must  not  be  screwed  too 

tight 
Friends  are  not  so  soon  got  or  recovered  as  lost. 
Friends  are  the  nearest  relations. 
Friends  got  without  desert  will  be  lost  without  cause. 
Friends  may  meet,  but  mountains  never  greet,  9*). 
Friends  need  no  formal  invitation. 
Friends  tie  their  purse  with  a  cobweb  thread.     Hal, 


▲  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  07  PBOVEBBS.  359 

Friendflliip  and  company  are  a  bad  excuse  for  ill  actions. 
Friendship  and  importunate  begging  feed  not  at  the  same  dish. 
Friendship  consists  not  in  saying.  What's  the  best  news  ?  96. 
Friendship  increases  in  visiting  friends,  but  more  in  visiting 

them  seldom. 
Friendship  is  not  to  be  bought  at  a  fair,  96. 
Friendship  is  stronger  than  kindred.     Puhlius  Syrtts. 
Friendship  is  the  most  sacred  of  all  moral  bonds. 
Friendship  is  the  perfection  of  love. 
Friendship  that  flames,  goes  out  in  a  flash. 
Friendship,  the  older  it  grows,  the  stronger  it  is. 
Friendships  multiply  joys,  and  divide  griefs. 
Frightening  a  bird  is  not  the  way  to  catch  it,  235. 
From  a  baa  paymaster  get  what  you  can. 
From  Berwick  to  Dover,  three  hundred  miles  over,  217. 
From  fame  to  infamy  is  a  beaten  road. 
From  four  things  Ood  preserve  us ;  a  painted  woman,  a  con- 
ceited valet,  salt  beef  without  mustard,  and  a  little  late 
dinner.    Ital. 

From  hearing,  comes  wisdom  ;  firom  speaking,  repentance. 

From  many  children  and  little  bread,  good  Lord  deliver  us  - 
Span. 

From  nothing,  nothing  can  come.     J^V. 

From  our  ancestors  come  our  names  :  but  from  our  virtues  our 
honours. 

From  prudence,  peace ;  from  peace,  aoundauce.    At4H. 

From  saving  comes  having. 

From  top  to  toe,  1 80. 

Frost  an  fa'shood  hae  baitb  a  dirty  wagkiig,  235. 

Frost  and  fraud  have  foul  ends,  96,  235. 

Frugality  is  an  estate  alone,  97. 

Fruit  ripens  not  well  in  the  shade. 

Fall  bellies  make  empty  skniis. 

Full  gats  neither  run  well  nor  fiaht  weU. 

Foil  of  courtesy,  and  fuu  oi  cratt.  at . 

Full  of  fun  and  fousire,  like  Mooney  j  gOu»ej  270» 

Fumitore  and  mane  make  me  n'crse  oell. 

O. 

Gai>])I50  gossips  shall  dine  on  the  pot-lid« 
Gae  to  the  de'il  an'  bishop  yoa.  236. 


360       A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PB0TEEB8* 

6ae  shoe  the  geese,  236. 

Gae  to  the  de*il  for  his  name  sake,  23G. 

Gain  got  by  a  lie  ^nll  born  one's  fingers. 

Galled  horses  can't  endure  the  comb,  104. 

Gall  in  mirth  is  an  ill  mixture,  and  sometimes  truth  is  bitter. 

Game  is  cheaper  in  the  market  than  in  the  fields  and  wooda. 

Garlands  are  not  for  every  brow. 

Gather  thistles,  expect  prickles. 

Gaudy  slothful  people  are  wasps,  that  eat  up  the  bees'  honey* 

Gear  is  easier  gain'd  than  guided,  235. 

Geese  with  geese,  and  women  with  women,  97. 

General  calamities  imply,  in  kings,  general  imbecility. 

Generally  we  love  ourselves  more  than  we  bate  others. 

Gentle  paddocks  hae  lang  taes,  235. 

Gentility  without  ability  is  worse  than  plain  b^gary,  97. 

Gentry  by  blood  is  bodily  gentry. 

Gentry  sent  to  market  will  not  buy  one  bushel  of  com,  97. 

Get  a  name  to  rise  early,  and  you  may  lie  all  day. 

Get  thy  spindle  and  thy  distaff  ready,  and  God  will  send  the 

flax,  9. 
Get  what  you  can,  and  what  you  get  hold,  'tis  the  stone  that 

will  turn  all  your  lead  into  gold. 
Getting  out  well  is  a  quarter  of  the  journey. 
Gie  ne'er  the  wolf  tlie  wedder  to  keep,  236. 
Gie  o'er  when  the  play  is  gude,  236. 
Gifi*  gafie  makes  good  fellowship,  97»  236. 
Gitf  gaffe  was  a  good  man,  but  he  is  soon  weary,  97* 
Gifts  from  enemies  are  dangerous. 
Gifts  make  beggars  bold. 
Gimmingham,  Trimmingham,  Knapton,  and  Trunch,  North 

Repps,  and  South  Repps,  are  all  of  a  bunch,  216. 
Gip  with  an  ill  rubbing,  quoth  Badger,  when  his  mare  kicked, 

62. 
Gim  when  ye  knit,  an'  laugh  when  ye  loose,  236. 
Give  a  child  till  he  craves,  and  a  dog  while  his  tail  doth  wag, 

and  you'll  have  a  fair  dog,  but  a  foul  knave,  87,  195. 
Give  a  child  his  will«  and  a  whelp  his  fill,  and  neither  wiU 

thrive. 
Give  a  clown  your  finger,  and  he'll  take  your  whole  hand,  4. 
Give  a  dog  an  ill  name,  and  his  work  is  done,  236. 
Give  a  dog  an  ill  name  and  you  may  as  well  hang  him. 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PB0TEBB8.       361 

Give  a  loaf,  and  beg  a  shiye,  1G2. 

Give  a  man  luck,  and  throw  him  into  the  sea,  1 13,  236. 

Give  a  new  servant  bread  and  eggs,  but  after  a  year  bread  and 

a  cudgel.     Span. 
Give  a  poor  man  sixpence,  and  not  a  bottle  of  wine. 
Give  a  thief  rope  enough,  and  he'll  hang  himself,  136. 
Give  a  thing  and  take  again,  and  you  shall  ride  in  hell's  wain, 

97. 
Give  advice  to  all ;  but  be  security  for  none,  1. 
Give  and  spend,  and  God  will  send. 
Give  even  the  deyil  his  due,  85. 
Give  him  a  Rowland  for  his  Oliver. 
Give  him  an  inch,  and  he'll  take  an  ell,  167. 
Give  him  but  rope  enough,  and  he'll  hang  himself,  236. 
Give  him  the  other  half  egg  and  burst  him,  158. 
Give  losers  leave  to  speak,  and  winners  to  laugh. 
Give  losers  leave  to  talk. 

Give  me  roast  meat,  and  beat  me  with  the  spit,  176. 
Give  ne'er  the  wolf  the  wether  to  keep.     Scotch. 
Give  neither  counsel  nor  salt  till  you  are  asked  for  it,  4. 
Give  not  pearls  to  the  hogs,  162. 
Give  the  devil  his  due. 

Give  the  piper  a  penny  to  play,  and  two-pence  to  leave  o£f. 
Giving  is  dead,  and  restoring  is  deadly  sick,  9. 
Giving  much  to  the  poor  doth  increase  a  man's  store,  97. 
Glasses  and  lasses  are  brittle  ware,  236. 
Glowing  coals  sparkle  oft,  80. 
Gnaw  the  bone  which  is  fallen  to  thy  lot,  279. 
Godalmin  rabbits,  221. 
Go  down  the  ladder  when  thou  marriest  a  wife ;  go  up  when 

thou  choosest  a  friend,  274. 
Gk)  early  to  the  fish>market,  and  late  to  the  shambles,  6. 
Go  farther,  and  fare  worse,  162. 
Go  fiddle  for  shives  among  old  wives,  159. 
Go  forward  and  fall,  go  backward  and  roar  all,  162. 
Go  here  away,  go  there  away,  quoth  Madge  Whitworth,  when 

she  rode  the  mare  in  the  tedder,  62. 
Go»  in  Gk)d's  name,  so  ride  no  witches,  162. 
Go  into  the  country  to  hear  what  news  in  town,  81 . 
Go  neither  to  a  wedding  nor  a  christening  without  invitation. 

Span. 


362  A  COMPLETE  ALFHA.BST  OF  PB0TSRB8. 

Go  not  for  every  grief  to  the  physician,  for  every  quarrel  to 

the  lawyer,  nor  for  every  thirst  to  the  pot,  196. 
Go  pipe  at  Padley,  there's  a  peascod  feast,  57« 
Go  slowly  to  the  entertainments  of  thy  friends,  but  quickly 

to  their  misfortunes.     Chilo, 
Go  steal  horse,  and  you'll  die  without  being  sick. 
Go  to  another  door,  for  this  will  not  be  opened. 
Go  to  Battersea  to  be  cut  for  the  simples,  221. 
Go  to  bed  with  the  lamb,  and  rise  with  the  lark,  29. 
Goats  are  not  sold  at  every  fair. 
God  and  men  think  him  a  fool  who  brags  of  his  own  gr^at 

vrisdom,  271. 
God  arms  the  harmless,  267. 

God  comes  at  last  when  we  think  he  is  farthest  off,  9. 
God  Cometh  with  leaden  feet,  but  striketh  with  iron  hands,  9. 
God  cures  and  the  doctor  takes  the  fee. 
God  defend  me  from  the  still  water,  and  FU  keep  myself  from 

the  rough. 
Gk>d  defend  you  from  the  devil,  the  eye  of  a  harlot,  and  the 

turn  of  a  die.     Span, 
God  deliver  me  from  a  man  of  one  book. 
God  deprives  him  of  bread  who  likes  not  his  drink,  9. 
GK)d  giveth  his  wrath  by  weight,  but  his  mercy  without  measure. 
God  grant  me  to  contend  with  those  that  understand  me. 
God  grant  that  disputes  may  arise,  that  I  may  live.  Span,  (Jaw.) 
God  hath  often  a  great  share  in  a  little  house,  9. 
God  healeth,  and  the  physician  hath  the  thanks,  9. 
God  help  the  fool,  quoth  Pedley,  53. 

God  help  the  poor,  for  the  rich  can  help  themselves.     Seoich* 
God  help  the  rich,  the  poor  can  b^,  18. 
God  helps  those  who  help  themselves. 
Gk)d  in  his  tongue,  and  the  devil  in  his  heart. 
God  is  always  at  leisure  to  do  good  to  those  that  ask  it 
God  is  where  he  was,  98. 

God  keep  me  from  the  man  that  hath  but  one  thing  to  mind. 
Gk>d  knows  who  are' the  best  pilgrims,  98. 
God  loves  good  accounts,  271* 
God  made  us,  and  we  wonder  at  it.     Span. 
God  made  you  an  honester  man  than  your  father,  103. 
God  makes,  and  apparel  shapes,  but  it's  money  that  finishes 

the  man,  117. 


A  COMPLETX  ALPHABET  OF  PB0Y£BB8.       3GZ 

Ood  never  eencU  mouths  but  he  sends  meat,  117. 

God,  onr  parents,  and  our  master,  can  never  be  requited,  9. 

God  permits  the  wicked ;  but  not  for  ever. 

Ood  reaches  us  good  things  by  our  own  hands,  98. 

God  send  me  a  friend  that  may  tell  me  my  faolts  ;   if  not,  an 

enemy,  and  to  be  sore  he  will,  96. 
God  send  ns  some  money,  for  they  are  little  thought  of  that 

want  it,  quoth  the  earl  of  Eglinton  at  prayer.     Scotch, 
God  send  yon  more  wit,  and  me  more  money*  183. 
God  sends  cold  after  clothes,  98. 
God  sends  com  and  the  devil  mars  the  sack,  98. 
God  sends  meat,  and  the  devil  sends  cooks,  81,  236. 
God  sends  men  claith  as  they  hae  cauld  to,  236. 
God  sends  us  of  our  own  when  rich  men  go  to  dinner,  122. 
Ck)d  sent  never  the  mouth  but  the  meat  wi'  it,  236. 
God  stays  long,  but  strikes  at  last,  268. 
God  tempers  the  wind  to  the  shorn  lamb.     JV*. 
God  who  made  the  world  so  wisely,  as  wisely  governs  it. 
God's  help  is  nearer  nor  the  fair  even,  236. 
Gold  and  silver  were  mingled  with  dirt,  till  avarice  parted  themi 
Gold  i^oes  in  at  any  gate  except  heaven's,  98. 
Gold  IS  no  balm  to  a  wounded  spirit. 
Gold  must  be  beaten,  and  a  child  scourged,  279. 
Gold,  when  present,  causeth  fear ;  when  absent,  grief. 
Golden  dreams  make  men  awake  hungry,  88,  98. 
Gone  is  the  goose  that  the  great  egg  did  lay. 
Good  actions  carry  their  warrant  with  them. 
Good  ale  is  meat,  drink,  and  cloth,  1,  66. 
Good  and  quickly  seldom  meet,  10. 
Good  at  a  distance,  is  better  than  evil  at  hand. 
Good  bargains  are  pick-pockets. 
Good  bees  never  turn  to  drones. 

Good  blood  makes  poor  pudding  without  groats  or  suet,  49* 
Good  cheap,  is  dear  at  long  run,  99. 
Good  clothes  open  all  doors. 
Good  coral  needs  no  colouring. 
Good  counsel  has  no  price.     Ital, 
Good  counsel  never  comes  amiss,  81. 
Good  deeds  remain,  all  things  else  perish. 
Good  enough  is  never  ought,  99. 
Good  for  the  liver  may  be  bad  for  the  spleen. 


364       i  COMPLITX  ALPHABST  OT   FROYBBBS. 

Good  gooae,  don*t  bite,  53. 

Good  harvests  make  men  prodigal,  bad  ones  proyident,  10. 

Good  health  is  above  wealth. 

Good  horses  can't  be  of  a  bad  colour. 

Good  husbandry  is  good  divinity,  39. 

Good  is  God,  and  long  is  eternity,  26  7. 

Good  is  good,  but  better  carrieth  it. 

Good  jests  bite  like  lambs,  not  like  dogs. 

Good  kail  is  half-a  meal,  27. 

Good  kings  never  make  war,  but  for  the  sake  of  peace. 

Good  language  cures  great  sores. 

Good  laws  often  proceed  from  bad  manners. 

Good  lawyers  are  bad  neighbours. 

Good  lack  comes  by  cuffing,  113. 

Good  luck  reaches  farther  than  long  arms. 

Good  manners  to  except  my  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  214. 

Good  men  are  a  public  good. 

Good  men  must  die,  but  death  cannot  kill  their  names. 

Good  men  want  the  laws  only  for  their  defence. 

Gk)od  nature  is  a  great  misfortune  if  it  want  prudence. 

Good  nature  is  the  proper  soil  upon  which  virtue  grows. 

Good  nature  without  prudence,  is  foolishness. 

Good  neighbours  and  true  friends  are  two  things. 

Good  October,  a  strong  blast,  to  blow  hog  acorn  and  ma»t»  34 

Good  offices  are  the  cement  of  society. 

Good  paymasters  need  no  security,  99. 

Good  paymasters  need  not  bring  a  pawn. 

Good  preachers  give  fruits  and  not  floTrrs.     Itat. 

Good  purposes  should  be  the  directors  of  good  actioDSy  not 

the  apology  for  bad. 
Good  riding  at  two  Anchors  men  have  told,  for  if  one  break 

the  other  may  hold,  139. 
Gk)od  swimmers  are  oftenest  drown^^i 
Good  take  heed  doth  surely  speed,  135. 
Good  that  comes  too  late,  is  good  m  notl  i:^:^. 
Good,  though  long  stayed  for,  is  good,  ^67. 
Good  to  begin  well,  better  to  end  well,  6. 
Good  to  fetch  a  sick  man  sorrow  sud  r.  dead  man  woe,  177* 
Good  to  send  on  a  dead  body*s  errand,  156. 
Good  ware  makes  a  quick  market,  140,  236. 
Good  watch  prevents  misfortune,  21. 


▲  OOIEPLITS   ALPHABET   OF  PBOT£BBS.  365 

Good  weight  and  measure  is  lieayen's  treasure,  189. 

Good  wine  needs  no  bush,  142,  236. 

Good  wits  jump,  143. 

Good  words  and  no  deeds  are  rushes  and  reeds,  23. 

Good  words  cool  more  than  cold  water,  144. 

Good  words  cost  no  more  than  bad,  l<i**. 

Good  words  cost  nothing,  but  are  worth  much. 

Good  words  fill  not  a  sack,  144. 

Good  works  will  neyer  save  you ;  but  ^t>a  cannot  be  sayed 

without  them. 
Goods  are  theirs  only  who  enjoy  them,  10. 
Goose  and  gander  and  gosling  aie  three  soaudb,  bui  oae  tLtUg, 

99. 
Goslings  lead  the  geese  to  water. 
Gossiping  and  lying  go  together. 
Gossips  and  frogs  drink  and  talk,  10. 
Gossips  and  tale-bearers  set  on  fire  all  ine  houses  they  enter. 
Gk)Temment  of  the  will  is  better  than  increase  of  knowledge. 
Grace  is  best  for  the  man,  236. 
Grace  will  last,  favour  will  blast,  99. 
Grain  by  grain  and  the  hen  fills  her  beJy. 
Grandfather's  servants  are  never  good. 
Grantham  gruel,  nine  grits  in  a  ^llon  ot  wetter,  '^1 1. 
Grasp  all,  lose  all. 

Grasp  no  more  than  thy  hand  will  hold,  yy. 
Grass  grows  not  upon  the  highway,  99. 
Gratefulness  is  the  poor  man's  payment. 
Gratitude  is  the  least  of  virtues,  but  ingratitude  the  worst  of 

vices. 
Gratitude  preserves  old  friendship,  and  procurer  new. 
Gray's  Inn  for  walks,  Lincoln's  Inn  for  a  wall,  the  Inner 

Temple  for  a  garden,  and  the  Middle  for  a  hall.  215. 
Great  and  good  are  seldom  the  same. 
Great  barkers  are  nae  biters,  236. 
Great  birth  is  a  very  poor  dish  at  table. 
Great  boast,  small  roast,  73. 

Great  boast  and  small  roast  make  unsavoury  moathSy  /i). 
Great  bodies  move  slowly. 
Great  braggers  little  doers,  99. 
Great  cry  and  little  wool,  quoth  the  devil,  when  he  sheared 

his  hogs. 


366  ▲  OOHPLSTB  AL1*UAJI£T  OF  FBOTXBBS. 

Great  designs  require  great  coosideration. 

Great  doings  at  Gregory's ;  heat  the  oven  twice  for  a  dutanL  i>3 

Great  engines  turn  on  small  pilots. 

Great  gain  makes  work  easy. 

Great  gifts  are  for  great  men,  99. 

Great  honours  and  avarice  fly  one  anctUci*. 

Great  hopes  make  great  men. 

Great  marks  are  soonest  hit,  99. 

Great  men  have  more  adorers  than  friends. 

Great  men*s  vices  are  accounted  sacred. 

Great  minds  and  great  fortunes  don't  always  go  together. 

Great  minds  are  easy  in  prosperity,  and  quiet  in  adversity. 

Great  pain  and  little  gain  make  a  man  soon  weary,  122. 

Great  persons  seldom  see  their  faces  in  a  true  glass. 

Great  ships  require  deep  waters,  99. 

Great  spenders  are  bad  lenders,  134. 

Great  talkers  are  like  leaky  pitchers,  everything  runs  out  of 

them. 
Great  trees  keep  down  the  little  ones. 
Great  vices,  as  well  as  great  virtues,  make  men  famous. 
Great  wealth  and  content  seldom  live  together. 
Great  wealth  makes  us  neither  more  wise  nor  more  healthy. 
Great  weights  may  hang  on  small  wires. 
Great  wits  to  madbess  sure  are  near  allied,  and  thin  partitions 

do  their  bounds  divide. 
Greedy  fowk  hae  lang  arms,  236. 
Green  wood  makes  a  hot  fire,  23. 
Grey  and  green  make  the  worst  medley,  99. 
Grey  hairs  are  death's  blossoms,  99. 
Grief  pent  up  vnll  burst  the  heart,  99. 
Grieving  for  misfortunes  is  adding  gall  to  wormwood. 
Grind  vrith  every  wind. 
Gude  bairns  get  broken  brows,  236. 

Gude  cheer  an'  gude  cheap  gars  mony  haunt  the  house,  236. 
Gude  fowk  are  scarce,  tak  care  o'  aue,  23(i. 
Gude  watch  prevents  harm,  236. 
Gude-will  shou'd  be  ta'en  in  part  o'  payment,  236. 
Guests  that  come  by  daylight  are  best  received,  99. 
Guilt  is  always  jealous,  99. 
Oat  nae  fish  till  ye  get  them,  236. 


▲  COHPLSTE  ▲LFBA.BIT  07  PBOYSBBS.  367 

H. 

Ha  binks  are  sliddery.  239. 

Hackney  mistreBs,  hacuieY  maia.  ^si. 

Had  I  fish,  'tia  good  without  jiustard,  luo. 

Had  I  reveng;ed  every  wronic,  i  r  id  uot  worn  my  skirts  so  long. 

Hae  God,  hae  a',  240. 

Hae  ye  gear,  hae  ye  nane,  tine  heart,  an'  a's  gane,  236. 

Ha'f  a  tale  is  enongh  for  a  wjse  num,  238. 

Ha'f  anch,  is  ha'f  fill,  240. 

Hail  brings  frost  in  its  tail,  3d. 

Hair  an'  hair  maks  the  carl's  head  bare,  2«5y. 

Half  a  loaf  is  better  than  no  bread,  113. 

Half  an  acre  is  good  land,  100. 

Half  an  hoar's  hanging  hinders  five  miles'  r&ding,  aOu. 

Half-witted  folks  speak  much  and  say  little. 

Halt  not  before  a  cripple. 

Hampshire  groand  requires  every  day  m  the  week  a  shower 

of  rain,  and  on  Sunday  twain,  205. 
Hand  in  use  is  father  o'  lear,  23S. 

Hand  over  head,  as  men  took  the  covenant,  ^04. 

Handle  the  puding  while  it's  hat,  236. 

Handsome  ib  that  handsome  does,  lOO. 

Hsng  a  dog  on  a  crab  tree  and  he  will  never  lo^e  verjuice,  b/. 

Hang  him  that  hath  no  shifts,  131. 

Hang  him  that  hath  no  shift,  and  him  that  hath  out  too 
many,  131. 

Hang  hunger  an'  drown  drouth,  236. 

Hang  not  all  your  bells  upon  one  horse,  149. 

Hang  yourself  for  a  pastime,  54. 

Hanging  and  wiving  go  by  destiny. 

Hanging  gangs  by  hap,  239. 

Hap  and  half- penny  goods  enough,  100. 

Hap  an'  ha'penny  is  warld's  gear  enough,  240. 

Happy  go  bicky. 

Happy  is  he  that  is  happy  in  his  children. 

Happy  is  he  that  serveth  the  happy. 

Happy  is  he  who  hath  sowed  his  wild  oats  betimes,  lOO. 

Happy  is  he  whose  friends  were  bom  before  him,  100. 

Happy  is  the  bride  the  sun  shines  on^  and  tJie  corpse  the  rain 
rains  on,  44. 


368  A   COMPL£T£   ALPHABBT  OF  FBOTEBBB. 

Happy  is  the  child  whose  father  went  to  the  devil,  J  90. 

Happy  is  the  man  who  sees  his  foily  in  his  yoath,  IQ. 

Happy  man,  happy  cavel,  239. 

Happy  man,  happy  dole,  lUO. 

Happy  men  shall  have  many  friends. 

Happy*s  the  wooing,  fhat*s  not  lonjc  in  doing,  43. 

Hard  fare  makes  hungry  beihes,  luO. 

Hard  with  hard  makes  not  the  stone  wall,  100. 

Harm  watch,  harm  catch,  101. 

Harrow  bell,  and  rake  up  the  devil,  101,  165. 

Harry's  children  of  Leigh,  never  an  one  like  another,  52. 

Have  a  place  for  everything  and  have  everything  in  its  place 

Harvest  comes  not  every  day,  though  it  comes  every  year. 

Haste  makes  waste,  and  waste  make  want,  and  want  makes 

strife  between  the  goodman  and  his  wife,  101. 
Haste  trips  up  its  own  heels,  101. 
Hasty  chmbers  have  sudden  falls,  79. 
Hasty  gamesters  oversee  themselves,  101. 
Hasty  glory  goes  out  in  a  snuff. 
Hasty  people  will  never  make  good  mid  wives,  101. 
Hat  luve  an'  hasty  vengeance,  234. 
Hatred  is  blind  as  well  as  love. 
Hand  a  hank  i'  your  ain  hand,  236. 
Have  a  care  of  a  silent  dog  and  a  still  water. 
Have  a  horse  of  thine  own,  and  thou  may*st  borrow  another's,  268. 
Have  among  you,  blind  harpers,  49. 
Have  but  few  friends,  though  much  acquaintance,  9. 
Have  not  thy  cloak  to  make  when  it  begins  to  rain,  101. 
He  a  soldier,  and  know  not  onion -seed  from  gunpowder ! 
He  answers  with  monosyllables,  as  Tarleton  did  one  who  out* 

ate  him  at  an  ordinary,  62. 
He  bears  misery  best  that  hides  it  most. 
He  bears  poverty  very  ill  who  is  ashamed  of  it. 
He  beats  about  the  bush. 
He  begs  a  blessing  of  a  wooden  god. 
He  begs  at  them  that  borrowed  at  him,  242. 
He  benefits  himself  that  doth  good  to  others. 
He  best  keeps  from  anger,  who  remembers  that  God  is  ahmyi 

looking  upon  him.     Plato. 
He  bestows  his  gifts  as  broom  doth  honey,  16L 
^ides  as  fast  as  a  cat  bound  to  a  saucer,  24L 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PR0TEBB8.       36Q 

He  bought  the  fox-skin  for  threepence,  and  sold  the  tail  for  a 

ahilling. 
He  braks  my  head  an'  syne  puts  on  my  hoo,  243. 
He  breeds  o  the  gaet  that  casts  a  down  at  e'en,  242. 
He  brings  a  staff  to  hrak  his  ain  head,  242. 
He  brings  his  machines  after  the  war  is  over,  65. 
He  brings  up  a  raven,  151. 
He  builds  cages  fit  for  oxen  to  keep  birds  in,  152. 
He  eallfl  for  a  shoeing-hom  to  help  on  his  gloves. 
He  came  in  hosed  and  shod,  54. 
He  CBxae  safe  from  the  East  Indies  and  was  drowned  in  the 

Thames. 
He  can  give  litde  to  his  servant  who  licks  his  own  trencher, 

13. 
He  can  hide  his  meat  and  seek  mair,  240. 
He  can  hold  the  cat  to  the  sun,  241. 
He  can  ill  pipe  who  wants  his  upper  lip,  124. 
He  can  lie  as  weel  as  a  dog  can  hck  a  dish,  241. 

He  can  never  be  God's  martyr,  that  is  the  devil's  servant 

He  can  say,  My  jo,  an'  think  it  na,  243. 

He  can  swim  without  bladders. 

He  cannot  be  good,  that  knows  not  why  he  is  good. 

He  cannot  hear  on  that  ear,  165. 

He  cannot  say  ^  to  a  goose. 

He  cannot  speak  well,  that  cannot  hold  his  tongue. 

He  can't  demand  a  flitch  of  bacon  at  Dunmow,  203. 

He  capers  like  a  fly  in  a  tar-box,  50. 

He  cares  not  whose  child  cry,  so  his  laugh,  236. 

He  carries  flre  in  one  hand  and  water  in  the  other,  152* 

He  carries  too  big  a  gun  for  me,  I  must  not  engage  him. 

He  ca's  me  scabbed,  because  I  winna  ca'  him  sca'd,  240. 

He  catches  the  wind  with  a  net,  65. 

He  changes  a  fly  into  an  elephant,  65. 

He  changes  his  flag  to  conceal  his  being  a  pirate. 

He  chastises  the  dead,  65. 

He  claps  the  dish  at  a  wrong  man's  door,  156. 

He  daws  it  as  Clayton  clawed  the  pudding  when  he  eat  bag 
and  all,  187. 

He  cleaves  the  clouds,  65. 

He  comee  aftener  wi'  the  rake  than  the  shool,  286. 

He  oames  for  drink,  though  draff  he  his  errand,  240. 

B  B 


370  ▲  ooxKBis  ktjrnkwmr  of 


He  eommandi  eotm^  that  otMycth  a  viw  man,  4. 

He  eoofencth  IniBKif  giiiItj,«lio  idbaeth  to  come  to  trial. 

He  conqiien  twiee  vim  coaqaciB  kiorndf  in  victory.     Puhlm 

Synu, 
He  coald  eat  my  bcart  with  gaiii^  157. 
He  could  e'en  cat  my  heait  without  aalt. 
He  could  have  song  well  before  he  broke  faia  left  shoulder  with 

whittling,  59. 
He  oonnts  hia  ha'penny  gnde  alia;  242. 
He  coTers  me  with  hia  winga.  and  bites  me  with  his  bill,  4. 
He  criea  wine,  and  aells  Tuiegar. 
He  danoea  well  to  whom  fortune  pipea,  84. 
He  darea  not  for  hii  ears,  157. 
He  darea  not  show  his  head,  64. 
He  declares  himself  goilty,  who  justifies  himself  before  noco' 

sation. 
He  demands  tribnte  of  the  dead,  65. 
He  denies  himself,  who  asks  what  it  is  imposaible  to  grant. 

FuhliuM  Syrus, 
He  deserres  not  sweet,  that  will  not  taste  of  soar,  20. 
He  deserres  the  whetstone,  64. 

He  did  me  as  much  good  as  if  he  had  pissed  in  my  pottage,  1 62. 
He  dies  like  a  beast  who  has  done  no  good  while  he  li^ed. 
He  digs  the  well  at  the  river,  65. 
He  distrasts  his  own  faith  who  often  swears.    Hal, 
He  does  as  the  blind  man  when  he  casts  his  sta£f,  242. 
He  does  bounty  an  injury,  who  shows  her  so  much  as  to  be 

laughed  at. 
He  does  na  ride  when  he  saddles  his  horse,  236. 
He  does  not  believe,  that  does  not  live  according  to  his  belief. 
He  doth  much,  that  doth  a  thing  welL 
He  doubles  his  gift  who  gives  in  time. 
He  drank  till  he  gave  up  his  half-penny ;  t.  $,  vomited,  63. 
He  draws  water  with  a  sieve,  65. 
He  drives  a  subtle  trade,  65,  180. 
He  dwells  afar  from  neighbours,  who  is  fiiin  to  praise  himselfi 

119. 
He  eats  in  plate,  but  will  die  in  irons. 
He  eats  the  calf  in  the  cow's  belly,  157. 
He  fans  with  a  feather,  65. 
He  farts  frankincense,  159. 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTEBBS.  371 

He  fasts  enough  that  has  a  bad  meal. 

He  fasts  enough  whose  wife  scolds  all  dinner-time. 

He  feeds  like  a  boar  in  a  frank,  193. 

He  feeds  like  a  freeholder  of  Macclesfield,  who  hath  neither 

com  nor  hay  at  Michaelmas,  199. 
He  fells  twa  dogs  wi*  ae  stane,  236. 
He  frets  like  gum'd  taffety,  53. 
He  gaes  awa'  wi*  bom  head,  242. 
He  gangs  early  to  steal  that  canna  say  na,  239. 
He  gars  his  ain  wand  ding  him,  242. 
He  gave  him  a  thing  of  nothing  to  hang  upon  his  sleeve. 
He  getteth  a  great  deal  of  credit,  who  payeth  but  a  small 

debt,  5. 
He  gives  one  knock  on  the  iron  and  two  on  the  anvil. 
He  gives  straw  to  his  dog  and  bones  to  his  ass,  65. 
He  giveth  one  knock  on  the  hoop,  and  another  on  the  barrel, 
i.  e,  he  speaks  now  to  the  purpose,  now  on  matters  wholly 
extraneous,  12. 

He  giveth  twice  that  gives  in  a  trice,  9. 

He  goes  a  great  voyage,  that  goes  to  the  bottom  of  the  sea. 

He  goes  not  out  of  his  way,  that  goes  to  a  good  inn,  12. 

He  goes  on  his  last  legs,  64. 

He  got  a  knock  in  the  cradle,  168. 

He  got  his  kail  in  a  riven  dish,  236. 

He  had  a  finger  in  the  pie  when  he  burnt  his  nail  off,  159. 

He  had  as  good  eat  his  nails,  171. 

He  had  better  put  his  horns  in  his  pocket  than  blow  them,  54. 

He  had  enough  to  keep  the  wolf  from  the  door ;  t.  e.  to  satisfy 
his  hunger,  23. 

He  had  need  of  a  long  spoon  that  sups  with  the  devil,  86. 

He  had  need  rise  betimes,  who  would  please  every  body,  125. 

He  harps  ay  on  ae  string,  241. 

He  has  a  bee  in  his  bonnet  lug,  237. 

He  has  a  brazen  face,  241. 

He  has  a  crap  for  a'  com,  237. 

He  has  a  fair  forehead  to  graff  on,  160. 

He  has  a  great  fancy  to  marry,  that  goes  to  the  devil  for  a  wife. 

He  has  a  good  estate,  but  that  the  right  owner  keeps  it  from 
him,  57. 

He  has  a  head  as  big  as  a  horse,  and  brains  as  much  as  an  ass. 

He  has  a  hole  under  his  nose  that  all  his  money  runs  into. 

B  B   2 


372      A  OOHPLSTE  ALFHAaST  OF  PBOTSVBS. 

He  has  a  jag  or  load,  63. 

He  has  a  month  for  every  matter. 

He  haa  a  saddle  for  every  horse,  177« 

He  has  a  worm  in  his  brain,  184. 

He  has  all  his  eyes  about  him,  52. 

He  has  an  ee  in  his  neck,  236. 

He  has  an  ill  look  among  lambs. 

He  has  as  many  tricks  as  a  dancuig  bear,  149. 

He  has  been  out  a  hawking  for  butterflies. 

He  has  been  seeking  the  pUcket,  57. 

He  has  been  sworn  at  Highgate. 

He  has  bought  a  brush  ;  ».  tf.  he  has  nm  away^  50. 

He  has  brought  bis  noble  to  ninepence. 

He  has  brought  his  pack  to  a  foot  speed,  242. 

He  has  brought  up  a  bird  to  pick  out  his  own  eyes. 

He  has  but  a  short  Lent  that  must  pay  money  at  Easter. 

He  has  but  sorry  food  that  feeds  upon  the  faults  of  others. 

He  has  changed  his  tippet  or  his  doak,  on  Uie  ither  shou*der« 

242. 
He  has  come  to  gude  by  misguiding,  236. 
He  has  cowped  the  meikle  dish  into  the  little,  237. 
He  has  cryed  himself  diver,  242. 
He  has  deserved  a  cushion,  51. 
He  has  eat  up  the  pot  and  asks  for  the  pipkin. 
He  has  fallen  out  of  the  frying  pan  into  the  fire. 
He  has  feather'd  his  nest,  he  may  flee  when  he  likes,  237. 
He  has  found  a  last  for  his  shoe. 
He  has  given  him  leg-bail ;  t.  e,  decamped,  55. 
He  has  given  him  the  bag  to  hold ;  t.  e.  run  away,  49. 
He  has  gone  over  Assfordy  bridge  backwards,  210. 
He  has  good  blood  in  him,  but  wants  groats  to  it,  150. 
He  has  got  a  cup  too  much,  63. 
He  has  got  a  dish,  63. 

He  has  got  a  piece  of  bread  and  cheese  in  his  head,  63. 
He  has  got  the  fiddle,  but  not  the  stick,  63. 
He  has  gotten  a  bite  on  his  ain  bridle,  237. 
He  bas  gotten  the  boot  an'  the  better  beast,  236. 
He  has  gotten  the  whip  hand  o'  wind,  237. 
He  has  great  need  of  a  wife  that  marries  mamma's  darling. 
Ue  has  gude  akiU  o*  roasted  woo* ;  when  it  sonks  it  is  enough. 


k  COHPLSTE  ALPHABET  07  PBOTEfiBS.  373 

He  aas  licktt  the  butter  aff  my  brejd,  237. 

He  has  made  a  younger  brother  of  him,  61. 

He  has  made  an  example,  63. 

He  has  meikle  prayer,  but  little  derotion,  243. 

He  has  more  business  than  English  ovens  at  Chrlstmaa.    Ttal, 

He  has  more  guts  than  brains,  163. 

He  has  more  wit  in  his  head  than  Samson  had  in  both  hia 

shoulders,  61. 
He  has  most  share  in  the  wedding  that  lies  with  the  bride. 
He  has  hit  the  nail  on  the  head,  242. 
He  has  na'  a  hale  to  claw  him  wi',  242. 
He  has  na'  a  penny  to  buy  his  dog  a  loaf,  242. 
He  has  nae  gotten  the  first  seat  o'  the  midden  the  day,  242. 
He  has  nae  that  bachelor  to  swear  by,  242. 
He  has  no  guts  in  his  brains,  163. 
He  has  not  lost  all,  who  has  one  cast  left,  113. 
He  has  one  face  to  God,  and  another  to  Uie  devils  243* 
He  has  outrun  the  constable. 
He  has  p — s'd  his  tallow,  57. 

He  has  riches  enough,  who  needs  neither  borrow  nor  flatter. 
He  has  shot  the  cat,  64. 
He  has  shut  up  his  shop  windows,  64. 
He  has  swallowed  a  spider,  64. 
He  has  to  do  with  one  who  understands  trap,  180. 
He  has  the  best  end  o'  the  string,  237. 
He  has  the  greatest  blind-side,  who  thinks  he  has  noae. 
He  has  the  Newcastle  burr  in  his  throat,  217. 
He  has  touched  him  on  the  quick,  242. 
He  has  two  stomachs  to  eat,  and  one  to  work,  89. 
He  has  two  strings  to  one  bow. 
He  has  wit  at  will  that  wi'  an  angry  heart  can  baud  him  still, 

240. 
He  has't  o'  kind,  he  coft  it  na,  237. 
He  hath  a  colt's  tooth  yet  in  his  old  head,  154. 
He  hath  a  cloak  for  his  knavery,  153. 
He  hath  a  conscience  Uke  a  cheverers  skin,  that  willstretch,  1 54. 
He  hath  a  good  judgment,  that  reUeth  not  wholly  on  his  own. 
He  hath  a  good  muck-hill  at  his  door,  171. 
He  hath  a  good  office,  he  must  needs  thrive,  1 73. 
He  hath  a  spring  in  his  elbow,  i/9. 
He  hath  been  in  the  sun  to-day,  his  face  looks  roasted,  6C% 


374       ▲  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OP  PBOTEEBS. 

He  hath  conquered  well  that  hath  made  his  enemies  flj. 

He  hath  cat  both  his  legs,  and  cannot  go  nor  stand,  63. 

He  hath  eaten  a  horse  and  the  tail  hangs  out  of  his  mouth,  54 

He  hath  eaten  the  hen's  rump,  157. 

He  hath  escaped  a  scouring,  158,  177. 

He  hath  feathered  his  nest,  he  may  flee  when  he  likes.    Scoick, 

He  bath  good  cards  to  show  for  it,  153. 

He  hath  good  cellarage,  153. 

He  hath  good  skill  in  horse-flesh  to  buy  a  goose  to  ride  on,  166. 

He  hath  left  his  purse  in  his  other  breeches,  17. 

He  hath  liv'd  ill  that  knows  not  how  to  die  well. 

He  hath  made  a  good  progress  in  a  business,  that  hath  thought 

well  of  it  before-hand. 
He  hath  more  faults  than  hairs,  and  more  wealth  than  faults. 
He  hath  more  wit  in  his  little  finger  than  thou  in  thy  whole 

body,  159. 
He  hath  never  a  cross  to  bless  himself  withal,  155. 
He  hath  no  ink  in  his  pen,  167. 

He  hath  no  mean  portion  of  virtue  that  loveth  it  in  another. 
He  hath  play'd  a  wily  trick,  and  beguil'd  himself,  61. 
He  hath  not  lost  all  who  hath  one  throw  to  cast. 
He  hath  slept  well  that  remembers  not  he  slept  ill. 
He  hath  shewed  them  a  fair  pair  of  legs,  64. 
He  hath  some  wit,  but  a  fool  hath  the  guidance  of  it 
He  hath  stolen  a  roll  out  of  the  brewer's  basket. 
He  hath  swallowed  a  gudgeon. 
He  hath  swallowed  a  stake,  he  cannot  bow,  179. 
He  hath  tied  a  knot  vdth  his  tongue,  that  he  cannot  untie 

vdth  all  his  teeth,  167. 
He  hears  na'at  that  ear,  241. 
He  holds  the  serpent  by  the  tail,  65. 
He  holds  a  looking  glass  to  a  mole,  65. 
He  holds  his  nose  to  the  grindstone. 

He  hopes  to  eat  of  the  goose  shall  graze  on  your  grave,  162. 
He  invites  future  injuries  who  rewards  past  ones. 
He  is  able  to  bay  an  abbey,  147. 
He  is  above  his  enemies  that  despises  their  injuries. 
He  is  afflicted,  63. 

He  is  a  good  orator  who  convinces  himself. 
He  is  a  hot  shot  in  a  mustard  pot,  when  both  his  beeis  stand 

right  up,  62. 


JL  OOMPLBTB  ALPHABET  OP  FB0TBBB8.       379 

He  is  a  lion  in  a  good  cause. 

He  is  a  nonsncu,  1/i. 

He  is  a  proud  tod  that  winna  scratch  his  ain  hole,  239. 

He  is  a  representative  of  Barkshire,  197. 

He  is  a  sairy  cook  that  mauna  lick  his  ain  fingers,  240. 

He  is  a  omve  of  the  greatest  slave,  who  serveth  nothing  but 

himself. 
He  is  a  weak  horse  that  mauna  bear  the  sadle,  238. 
He  is  a  wolf  in  a  lamb's  skin,  243. 
He  is  a  wortMess  being  who  lives  only  for  himself.     Puhlkts 

Syrus. 
He  is  all  honey  or  all  t — d,  166. 
He  is  an  Aberdeen's  man  that  taks  his  word  again,  242. 
He  is  an  lury  beggar  that  mauna  gang  by  ae  man's  door,  239. 
He  is  an  ill  guest  that  never  drinks  to  his  host. 
He  is  arrested  by  the  bailiff  of  Mershland,  216. 
He  is  an  iii  keeper  of  honey  who  tastes  it  not,  81. 
He  is  as  bare  as  the  birk  at  Yule  e'en,  242. 
He  is  as  hot  as  if  he  had  a  bellyful  of  wasps  and  salamanders^ 
He  is  as  much  out  of  his  element  as  an  eel  in  a  saud-bag. 
He  is  as  weelcome  as  snaw  in  har'st,  242. 
He  is  as  weelcome  as  water  in  a  riven  ship,  242. 
He  is  at  forced  put,  58. 
He  is  at  his  wit's  end,  241. 
He  is  better  fed  nor  nurtured,  243. 
He  is  better  with  a  rake  than  a  fork,  1 75. 
He  is  blind  enough  who  sees  not  through  the  holes  of  a  sieve,  3. 
He  is  blind  that  eats  marrow,  but  he  is  blinder  that  lets  him^ 

240. 
He  is  building  a  bridge  over  the  sea,  65. 
He  is  burnt  to  the  socket,  50. 
He  is  concerned,  63. 
He  is  dagged,  63. 
He  is  doubly  sinful  who  congratulates  a  successful  knave. 

Publmi  Syrus. 
He  is  driving  his  hogs  over  Swarston  bridge,  201. 
He  is  either  a  God  or  a  painter,  for  he  makes  faces. 
He  is  erecting  broken  ports,  65. 

He  is  false  by  nature  that  has  a  black  head  and  a  red  beard. 
He  is  fool  enough  himself,  who  will  bray  against  another  ass. 
Tie  is  free  of  Fumbler's  haU.  162. 


376  A.  COMPLBTS  Alf  HABXT  07  FB0TXBB8. 

He  is  going  into  the  peas-field.  174. 

He  is  gobg  to  grass  with  his  teeth  upwards,  162. 

He  is  good  as  long  as  he's  pleased,  and  so  is  the  devil. 

He  is  grey  hefore  he  is  good,  1 63. 

He  is  gude  that  failed  ne'er,  240. 

He  is  half  a  king  who  has  the  king's  good  graces.     TtaL 

He  is  handsome  that  handsome  doth,  100. 

He  is  happy  that  knoweth  not  himself  to  be  otherwise* 

He  is  heart  of  oak,  165. 

He  is  idle  that  might  be  better  employed. 

He  is  ignoble  that  disgraces  his  brave  ancestors  by  a  vieioiii 
life. 

He  is  in  great  danger,  who  being  sick  thinks  himself  welL 

He  is  in  the  cloth  market,  153. 

He  is  John  Thomson's  man  ;  couch  carl,  242. 

He  is  lifeless  that  is  faultless,  92. 

He  is  like  a  bell,  that  will  answer  erery  pull. 

He  is  like  a  dog  on  a  cat,  242. 

He  is  like  a  silver  pin,  fair  without  but  foul  within,  196. 

He  is  like  a  Waterford  merchant, up  to  the  a —  in  business,  270. 

He  is  mair  flejrit  nor  he  is  hurt,  241. 

He  is  making  clothes  fiir  fishes,  65. 

He  is  making  ropes  of  sand,  65. 

He  is  marched  off,  64. 

He  is  miserable  once  who  feels  it,  but  twice  who  fears  it  before 
it  comes,  271 

He  is  more  nice  than  wise. 

He  is  more  noble  that  deserves,  than  he  that  confers  benefits. 

He  is  my  friend  that  succoureth  me,  not  he  that  pitieth  me. 
>       He  is  na  the  best  wright  that  hews  maist  speals,  239. 
^..  JJe  is  na  tlie  fool  that  the  fool  is,  but  he  that  wi'  the  fool  deals, 
"yt  238. 

He  is  never  alone  that  is  in  the  company  of  noble  thoughts. 
^        He  is  never  likely  to  haye  a  good  thing  cheap  that  is  aSraid  to 
ask  a  price,  66. 

He  is  noble  that  hath  noble  conditions,  119. 

He  is  no  great  heir  that  inherits  not  his  ancestors'  virtues. 

He  is  none  of  the  Hastings,  165. 

He  is  not  a  merchant  bare,  that  hath  money's  worth  or  ware,  14 

He  is  not  a  wise  man  who  cannot  play  the  fool  on  occasion. 


JL   COKPL£T£  ALPHABBT  07  FBOTESB8.       377 

lie  is  not  drunk  gratis,  who  pays  his  reason  for  his  shot. 

lie  is  not  fit  for  riches,  who  Lb  afraid  to  use  tnem. 

He  is  not  fit  to  carry  guts  to  a  bear,  149. 

He  is  not  good  himself,  who  speaks  well  of  every  body  alike. 

He  is  not  laughed  at,  that  laughs  at  himself  first. 

He  is  not  poor  that  hath  not  much,  but  he  that  crares  much 

He  is  not  wise  who  is  not  wise  for  himself,  143. 

He  is  nothing  but  skin  and  bones,  59. 

He  is  one-and-thirty,  63. 

He  is  one  that  will  not  lose  his  cap  in  a  crowd. 

He  is  on  his  last  legs,  168. 

He  is  on  the  ground,  242. 

He  is  on  the  high  ropes ;  •'.  s,  conceited  and  insolent,  59. 

He  is  only  fit  for  Ruffian's  hall,  214. 

He  is  paced  like  an  alderman,  147. 

He  is  pattering  the  devil's  Paternoster,  174. 

He  is  pleased  with  gourds,  and  his  wife  with  cucumbers,  272. 

He  is  ploughing  a  rock,  65. 

He  is  poor  indeed  that  can  promise  nothing,  125. 

He  is  proper  that  hath  proper  conditions,  17. 

He  b  put  to  bed  with  a  shovel,  175. 

He  is  ready  to  leap  over  nine  hedges,  1 68. 

He  is  rich  enough  that  needeth  neither  flatter  nor  borrow. 

He  Lb  rich  that  is  satisfied. 

He  is  richest  who  is  contented  with  least ;   for  content  is  the 
wealth  of  a  nation. 

He  is  run  off  lus  legs,  64. 

He  is  sillier  than  a  crab  that  has  all  his  brains  in  his  belly. 

He  is  so  hungry  he  could  eat  a  horse  behind  the  saddle,  166. 

He  is  so  poor  that  he  has  not  salt  to  his  porridge. 

He  is  so  suspicious  that  he  can't  be  got  at  without  a  stalking  • 
horse. 

He  is  so  wary  that  he  sleeps  like  a  hare  with  his  eyes  open. 

He  is  sowing  on  the  sand,  65. 

He  is  sufficiently  learned,  that  knows  how  to  do  well,  and  has 
power  enough  to  refirain  from  evil.     Cicero. 

He  is  teaching  a  pig  to  play  on  a  flute,  65. 

He  is  teaching  an  old  woman  to  dance,  65. 

He  IB  teaching  iron  to  swim,  65. 

He  is  the  best  gentleman  that  is  the  son  of  his  own  deserts. 

He  is  the  son  of  a  bachelor. 


S78  A  COUPLKTB   AliPHABBT  OF  FBOTXBB8. 

He  is  the  wretch  that  does  the  injury,  not  he  that  endms  it 

He  is  to  he  summoned  before  the  Mayor  of  Halgayer»  200. 

He  is  top  heavy,  63. 

He  is  truly  rich,  who  desires  nothing ;  and  he  is  truly  po(?, 
who  covets  alL    Solon, 

He  is  twice  fain  that  sits  on  a  stane,  240. 

He  is  unworthy  to  live  who  lives  only  for  himself. 

He  is  up  to  snuff,  59. 

He  is  very  weary,  63. 

He  is  washing  the  crow,  65. 

He  is  weel  easit  that  has  aught  o'  his  ain  when  ithers  gang  to 
meat,  238. 

He  is  well  constituted  who  grieves  not  for  what  he  has  not,  and 
rejoices  for  what  he  has.     Demoeritut. 

He  is  well  onward  in  the  way  of  wisdom,  who  can  bear  s  re- 
proof and  mend  by  it. 

He  is  wise  enough  that  can  keep  himself  warm,  21. 

He  is  wise  that  hath  wit  enough  for  his  own  affairs. 

He  is  wise  that  is  honest,  11. 

He  is  wise  that  is  ware  in  time,  239. 

He  is  wise  that  when  he  is  weel  can  had  him  sae,  239. 

He  is  wise  wha  can  mak  a  freend  o'  a  fae,  239. 

He  is  worth  nae  weel  that  can  hide  nae  wae,  239. 

He  is  Yorkshire,  184. 

He  keeps  his  road  well  enough  who  gets  rid  of  bad  company 

He  kens  his  sroats  amang  ither  fowk's  kail,  241. 

He  kens  na  the  door  by  Uie  door  bar,  241. 

He  kills  a  man  that  saves  not  his  life  when  he  can. 

He  knows  best  what  good  is  that  has  endured  evil. 

He  knows  not  a  B  from  a  battledoor,  148. 

He  knows  not  a  B  from  a  bull's  foot. 

He  knows  not  a  hawk  from  a  hand-saw,  165. 

He  knows  not  a  pig  from  a  dog,  174. 

He  knows  not  whether  his  shoes  go  awry,  59. 

He  knows  one  point  more  than  the  devil,  1 68. 

He  knows  which  side  of  his  bread  is  butter' d,  151,  2«')/. 

He  laughs  ill  that  laughs  himself  to  death,  12. 

He  leaps  into  a  deep  river  to  avoid  a  shallow  brook. 

He  leaps  like  a  Belle  giant  or  devil  of  Moun:  Sorrel,  210« 

He  lies  as  fast  as  a  horse  can  trot,  64. 

He  l^^hted  upon  a  Hme  twig. 


A  COHPLBTB  ALPHABET  OP  PBOTEBBS.  370 

le  liglits  his  candle  at  both  endB,  16P. 

le  lives  long  that  livea  till  all  are  weary  of  bin. 

le  lives  longest  that  is  awake  moat  hours. 

ie  lives  nnder  the  sign  of  the  cat's  foot,  51. 

ie  liveth  long  that  liveth  well,  13. 

ie  loathes  the  spring  head  and  drinks  the  fon)  stream . 

Ke  looks  as  angry  as  if  he  were  vexed,  270. 

lie  looks  as  big  as  if  he  had  eaten  bull  beef,  1 50. 

^e  looks  as  the  wood  were  fu'  o'  thieyes,  24 1 . 

He  looks  as  if  he  had  neither  won  nor  lost,  169. 

Ele  looks  as  if  he  liyed  on  Tewkesbury  mustard,  204. 

Se  looks  like  a  cow  t — d  stuck  with  primroses.  51. 

He  looks  like  a  dog  under  a  dooi%  52. 

He  looks  like  a  Lochaber  axe,  241. 

He  looks  like  a  tooth-drawer,  60. 

He  looks  like  the  laird  o'  pity,  241. 

He  looks  as  though  he  had  snck'd  his  dam  through  a  hiirdle, 

155. 
He  looks  like  a  sow  saddled. 
He  looks  like  a  wild  cat  out  of  a  bush. 
He  looks  like  the  devil  over  Lincoln,  190. 
He  looks  one  way  and  rows  another. 
He  looks  up  wi'  the  tae  ee,  an'  down  wi'  the  tither,  241* 
He  loos  me  for  little  that  hates  me  for  nought,  239. 
He  loses  his  thanks  who  promises  and  delays,  6. 

He  loses  many  a  good  bit  that  strives  with  his  betters,  267* 

He  loseth  indeed  that  loseth  at  last. 

He  loseth  nothing  that  keepeth  God  for  his  friend,  13. 

He  loves  bacon  well  that  licks  the  sow's  breech,  68. 

He  loves  mutton  well  that  eats  the  wool,  1 1 8. 

He  loves  roast  meat  well  that  licks  the  spit,  128. 

He  loves  you  as  a  ferret  does  a  rabbit,  to  make  a  meal  of  you 

He  made  a  moon-light  flitting,  237. 

He  makes  a  feint  at  the  lungs,  but  lays  his  stroke  on  the  bead 

He  makes  a  rod  for  his  own  breech. 

He  makes  a  very  fart  a  thunder  clap,  159. 

He  makes  an  ill  song  who  has  ne'er  a  tongue. 

He  makes  arrows  of  all  sorts  of  wood. 

He  makes  meikle  o*  his  painted  sheets,  242. 

He  makes  Robin  Hood's  pennyworths,  176, 

He  maun  be  soon  up  that  cheats  the  tod,  237* 


380      A  COHPLSTE  ALPHABET  OP  PBOTXBBS. 

He  maun  hae  leave  to  speak  that  canna  had  hU  tongue,  238. 

He  may  be  heard  where  he  U  not  seen,  165. 

He  may  be  trusted  with  a  house  full  of  mill  stones. 

He  may  e'en  go  write  to  his  friends,  161,  243. 

He  may  find  fkult,  but  let  him  mend  it  if  he  can. 

He  may  find  fault  that  canna  mend,  237. 

He  may  freely  receive  courtesies  that  knows  how  to  requite 

them,  17. 
He  may  go  hang  himself  in  his  own  garters,  161. 
He  may  hope  for  the  best  that's  prepared  for  the  worst. 
He  may  ill  run  that  cannot  go,  1 29. 
He  may  make  a  will  upon  his  nail,  for  anything  he  has  to 

give. 
He  may  remove  Mort-stone,  201. 

He  may  very  well  be  contented  that  need  not  lie  nor  flatter,  4. 
He  may  whet  his  knife  on  the  threshold  of  the  Fleet,  215. 
He  measures  a  twig,  65. 
He  mends  like  sour  ale  in  summer. 
He  merits  no  thanks  that  does  a  kindness  for  his  own  end. 
He  must  be  a  sad  fellow  that  nobody  can  please. 
He  must  be  a  wise  man  himself,  who  is  ctpable  of  distinguifih 

ing  one.     Diogenes, 
He  must  have  a  goiod  nose  to  make  a  poor  man's  sow,  172. 
He  must  have  his  grains  of  allowance,  1 63. 
He  must  have  iron  nails  that  scratcheth  with  a  bear,  70. 
He  must  have  leave  to  speak,  who  cannot  hold  his  tongue. 
He  must  needs  go  whom  the  devil  drives,  86. 
He  must  needs  swim  that's  held  up  by  the  chin,  135. 
He  must  not  talk  of  running  that  cannot  go. 
He  must  pack  up  his  awls,  49. 
He  must  stoop  that  hath  a  low  door,  113,  135. 
He  must  take  a  house  in  Turnagain  Lane,  215. 
He  needs  little  advice  that  is  lucky. 
He  needs  na  a  cake  o'  bread  o*  a*  a  kin,  243. 
He  nei£fers  for  the  better,  241. 
He  never  broke  his  hour  that  kept  his  day,  84. 
He  never  was  good,  neither  egg  nor  bird. 
He  never  wrought  a  good  day^s  work  that  went  grumbling 

about  it 
He  numbers  the  waves,  65. 
He  opens  the  door  with«n  axe,  ^^» 


A  COMFLETB  ALPHABET  OF  FB0TEBB8.  381 

He  oTercomes  a  stont  enemy,  that  oyercomes  his  own  anger. 

Chilo. 
EEe  paints  the  dead,  65. 

He  passes  sentence  before  he  hears  the  evidence. 
He  payes  the  meadows,  65. 
He  pins  his  faith  upon  another  man's  sleeve,  159. 
He  plaints  early  that  plaints  o'  his  kail,  240. 
He  plays  well  that  wins,  125. 

He  plays  you  as  fair  as  if  he  picked  yonr  pocket,  57. 
He  ploughs  the  air,  65. 
He  preaches  well  that  lives  well. 
He  preacheth  patience  that  never  knew  pain. 
He  promises  like  a  merchant  man,  and  pays  like  a  man  of  war, 

17. 
He  put  a  fine  feather  in  his  cap,  159. 
He  puts  a  hat  on  an  hen,  65. 
He  puts  a  rope  to  the  eye  of  a  needle,  65. 
He  refuseth  the  bribe,  bat  putteth  forth  his  hand. 
He  remembers  his  ancestors,  but  forgets  to  feed  his  children. 
He  rins  wC  the  hound  an'  bauds  vd'  the  hare,  243. 
He  rises  o'er  early  that  is  hang'd  ere  noon,  239. 
He  rives  the  kirk  to  theek  the  quire,  241. 
He  roasts  snow  in  a  furnace,  65. 
He  robs  Peter  to  pay  Paul,  241. 
He  rode  sicker  that  ne'er  fell,  238. 
He  rode  sure  indeed,  that  never  caught  a  foil. 
He  rose  with  his  a— e  upwards,  58. 
He  runs  against  the  point  of  a  spear,  65. 
He  runs  far  that  never  turns. 
He  sail'd  into  Cornwall  vnthout  a  bark,  200. 
He  says  anything  but  his  prayers,  and  those  he  whistl^A. 
He  scap'd  hemp,  but  deserv'd  a  wooden  halter. 
He  scratches  his  head  with  one  finger. 
He  seeks  water  in  the  sea,  ^^, 
He  seeks  wool  on  an  ass,  65. 
He  seemeth  wise,  with  whom  all  things  thrive. 
He  sees  an  inch  afore  his  nose,  24 1 . 
He  sendeth  to  the  East  Indies  for  Kentish  pippins. 
He  serves  the  poor  with  a  thump  on  the  back  with  a  stonfti 

64. 
He  set  my  house  on  fire  only  to  roast  his  eggs. 


382       ▲  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTEBBS. 

He  sets  a*  on  six  and  seven,  242. 

He  shall  have  enough  to  do,  who  studies  to  please  fools. 

He  shall  have  the  king's  horse,  64. 

He  shews  all  Iris  wit  at  once,  183. 

He  shou*d  hae  a  lang  shafted  spoon  that  sups  kail  wi'  the  de'i 

239. 
He  shou'd  wear  iron  shoon  that  bides  his  neeghboar*s  death;  , 

240.  ' 

He  should  be  a  baker,  by  his  bow  legs,  65. 
He  shrinks  in  the  wetting,  177. 
He  signifies  no  more  than  a  blind  cat  in  a  bam. 
He  sits  fu  still  that  hath  riven  breeks,  240. 
He  sits  not  sure  that  sits  too  high. 
He  sits  up  by  moon-shine,  and  lies  a  bed  in  sun-shine. 
He  sleeps  as  dogs  do  when  wives  sift  meal,  243. 
He  spills  unspoken  to,  242. 
He  spits  on  his  ain  blanket,  241. 
He  stumbles  at  a  strae  an'  loups  o'er  a  brae,  242. 
He  skips  like  hail  on  a  pack-saddle. 
He  sneaks  as  if  he  would  creep  into  his  mouth* 
He  speaks  bear  garden,  49. 
He  speaks  of  things  more  ancient  than  chaos,  65. 
He  speaks  one  word  nonsense,  and  two  that  have  nothing  io 

them. 
He  spent  Michaelmas  rent  in  Midsummer  moon,  171* 
He  spits  out  secrets  like  hot  custard. 
He  sprinkles  incense  on  a  dunghill,  65. 
He  stands  likes   Mumphazard,  who  was  hanged  fo^  saying 

nothing,  192. 
He  steals  a  goose  and  gives  the  giblets  in  alms. 
He  steals  a  hog  and  gives  away  the  feet  in  aim8>^  ?*^- 
He  strikes  with  a  straw,  65. 
He  struck  at  Tib,  but  down  fell  Tim,  180. 
He  sucked  evil  from  the  dug,  90. 
He  sups  iU,  who  eats  up  all  at  dinner. 
He  takes  a  spear  to  kill  a  fly,  65. 
He  takes  in  good  counsel  like  cold  por^'ip- 
He  takes  oil  to  extinguish  the  fire,  65. 
He  takes  pepper  in  his  nose,  1 74. 
He  takes  the  bull  by  the  horns*  n'S. 
He  takes  the  spring  from  the  year,  65. 


A  COMPLBTE   AUfllABET  OF   PBOYEJIBB.  363 

Re  talks  in  the  bear  garden  ton^p. 

He  teaches  me  to  be  good  that  does  me  good. 

He  teacheth  ill  thatteacheth  all.  \t^f^. 

He  tells  me  my  way  and  don*t  krow  H*  >^ti. 

He  that  always  complains  is  never  pitiea. 

He  that  always  fears  danger  alwayp  feels  it. 

He  that  asketh  a  courtesy  promiseth  a  kindness. 

He  that  asketh  faintly  beggeth  a  denial. 

He  that  aught  the  cow  gangs  nearest  her  tail,  239. 

He  that  banquets  every  day  never  make?  a  »ru\ji  meal. 

He  that  beareth  a  torch  shadoweth  himself  to  give  hght  to 

others. 
He  that  bestoweth  but  a  bone  on  thee  would  not  have  tbpe 

die. 
He  that  bites  on  every  weed  may  light  on  poison,  72* 
He  that  blaws  best  bears  awa'  the  bom,  240. 
He  that  blows  in  the  dust  fills  his  own  eyes,  3. 
He  that  boasteth  of  himself  affronteth  his  company. 
He  that  boasteth  of  his  ancestors,  confesseth  he  bath  no  vir- 

tae  of  his  own. 
He  that  boasts  of  his  own  knowledge  proclaims  his  ignorance. 
He  that  borrows  an*  bigs,  make  feasts  an'  thigs,  drinks  an'  is 

na  dry,  these  three  are  na  thrifty,  239. 
He  that  borrows  must  pay  again  with  shame  or  loss,  73. 
He  that  bringeth  a  present,  findeth  the  door  open. 
He  that  brines  up  his  son  to  nothing  breeds  a  thief. 
He  that  builds  a  house  by  the  highway  side,  it  i"  either  too 

high  or  too  low,  105. 
He  that  builds  castles  in  the  air  will  soon  have  no  land. 
He  that  buyeth  magistracy  must  seU  justice,  114. 
He  that  buys  a  house  ready  wrought,  hath  many  a  pin  and 

nail  for  nought,  105. 
He  that  buys  and  lies  shall  feel  it  in  his  purse. 
He  that  buys  and  sells  is  called  a  merchant,  274. 
He  that  buys  land  buys  many  stones,  he  that  buys  flesh  buys 
many  bones.     He  that  buys  eggs  buys  many  shells,  bnt  he 
that  buys  good  ale  buys  nothing  else,  194. 
He  that  buys  lawn  before  he  can  fold  it,  shall  repent  him  be- 
fore he  have  sold  it,  109. 
He  that  by  the  plough  would  thrive,  himself  most  either  hold 
or  drive,  125. 


384       A  COKPLETS  ALPHABET  07  FSOTERB8. 

He  that  can  abide  a  curst  wife  need  not  fear  what  comptti 
he  Uveth  in. 

He  that  can  read  and  meditate,  will  not  find  his  evenings  lon^ 
or  life  tedious. 

He  that  can  reply  calmly  to  an  angry  man  is  toohaird  for  him. 

He  that  canna  mak  sport  shou'd  roar  nane,  2^7. 

He  that  cannot  abide  a  bad  market  deserves  not  a  good  oae» 
114. 

He  that  cannot  conceal  his  own  shame  will  not  conceal  ano- 
ther's. 

He  that  cannot  find  wherewith  to  employ  himself,  let  him  buy 
a  ship  or  marry  a  wife.     Span. 

He  that  cannot  pay  let  him  pray,  123. 

He  that  can't  ride  a  gentle  horse,  must  not  attempt  to  back  s 
mad  colt. 

He  that  casteth  all  doubts  shall  never  be  resolved. 

He  that  ceaseth  to  be  a  friend  never  was  a  good  one. 

He  that  chastiseth  one  amendeth  many,  4. 

He  that  cheateth  in  small  things  is  a  fool,  but  in  great  things 
is  a  rogue. 

He  that  cheats  me  anes,  shame  fa'  him  ;  if  he  cheats  me  twice, 
shame  fa'  me,  237. 

He  that  comes  after,  sees  with  more  eyes  than  his  own. 

He  that  comes  first  to  the  ha'  may  sit  whar  he  will,  239. 

He  that  comes  last,  makes  all  fiist,  109. 

He  that  comes  unca'd  sits  unserv'd,  239. 

He  that  commandeth  well  shall  be  obey'd  well. 

He  that  contemplates  on  his  bed  hath  a  day  without  a  night,  4. 

He  that  converses  not,  knows  nothing,  4. 

He  that  considers  in  prosperity,  will  be  less  afflicted  in  adver- 
sity. 

He  that  could  know  what  would  be  dear,  need  be  a  merchant 
but  one  year,  85. 

He  that  counts  a*  costs  will  ne'er  put  plough  i'  the  yerd,  239* 

He  that  counts  but  his  host  counts  tvrice,  239. 

He  that  crabs  without  cause  shall  meat  without  mends,  238. 

He  that  cuts  himself  wilfully  deserves  no  balsam. 

He  that  dallies  with  his  enemy  gives  him  leave  to  kill  him* 

He  that  dares  not  venture  must  not  complain  of  ill  luck. 

He  that  deals  in  dirt  has  ay  foul  fingers,  237. 

He  that  defends  an  injury  is  next  to  him  that  commits  it. 


k   COHPLXTB  ALPHABET  OP  FBOTEBBS.       385 

Be  ihtX  deBires  bnt  little  has  no  need  of  muoh. 

He  that  deapisea  shame  wants  a  bridle. 

He  that  died  half  a  year  age  is  as  dead  as  Adam. 

He  that  dies  troubles  his  parents  bat  once,  but  he  that  lives 

ill  torments  them  perpetually. 
He  that  dies  pays  all  debts. 
He  that  does  anything  for  the  public  is  accounted  to  do  it  fof 

nobody. 
He  that  does  bidding  'serves  na  dinging,  240. 
He  that  does  his  turn  in  time  sits  ha'f  idle,  240. 
He  that  does  ill  hates  the  light,  238. 
He  that  does  not  love  a  woman,  sucked  a  sow. 
He  that  does  not  speak  truth  to  me,  does  not  believe  me  when 

I  speak  truth. 
He  that  does  you  a  very  ill  turn  will  never  forgive  you,  237. 
He  that  doeth  his  own  business  hurteth  not  his  hand. 
He  that  doth  good  for  praise  only,  meriteth  but  a  puff  of  wind. 
He  that  doth  lend,  doth  lose  his  friend,  1 10. 
He  that  doth  most  at  once  doth  least. 
He  that  doth  well  wearieth  not  himself,  22 
He  that  doth  what  he  will,  oft  doth  not  what  he  ought,  22. 
He  that  drinks  not  wine  after  salad,  is  in  danger  of  being  sick, 
20. 

He  that  eats  most  porridge  shall  have  most  meat. 

He  that  eats  the  king's  geese  shall  be  choked  with  the  feathers, 
12. 

He  that  eats  till  he  is  sick  must  fast  till  he  is  well. 

He  that  eats  well  and  drinks  well,  should  do  his  duty  well. 

He  that  eats  while  he  lasts,  will  be  the  war  while  he  die,  238. 

He  that  endureth  is  not  overcome,  7. 

He  that  falls  in  the  dirt,  the  longer  he  lies  the  dirtier  he  is. 

He  that  falls  to-day  may  be  up  again  to-morrow. 

He  that  feareth  every  bush  must  never  go  a-birding. 

He  that  feara  danger  in  time  seldom  feels  it. 

He  that  fears  leaves  must  not  come  into  a  wood. 

He  that  fears  not  the  future  may  enjoy  the  present. 

He  that  feara  yon  present  will  hate  you  absent. 

He  that  feasteth  a  flatterer  and  a  slanderer,  dineth  with  two 
devils. 

He  that  feeds  upon  charity  has  a  cold  dinner  and  no  supper. 

He  that  fights  and  runs  away,  may  live  to  fight  another  day. 

c  0 


388  ▲  COMPLETE  ▲LFHA.BET  OF  PBOTBRBa. 

not  seek  it ;  he  that  drinks  and  is  not  dry,  ahaU  want 

money  as  well  as  I,  1 94. 
He  that  hath  been  bitten  by  a  serpent  is  afiraid  of  a  rope*  277* 
He  that  hath  but  httle,  he  shall  haTe  less ;  and  he  that  badi 

right  nought  shall  right  nought  possess,  195 
He  that  hath  eaten  a  bear  pie  will  always  smell  of  the  garden, 

49. 
He  that  hath  good  com  may  be  content  with  some  thiatles,  10, 

137. 
He  that  hath  love  in  his  breast  hath  spurs  at  his  heels,  41. 
He  that  hath  many  irons  in  the  fire  some  of  them  will  cool^ 

107. 
He  that  hath  money  in  his  parse  cannot  want  a  head  for   hia 

shoulders,  14. 
He  that  hath  more  smocks  than  shirts  at  a  backing  had  need 

be  a  man  of  good  forelooking,  43. 
He  that  hath  no  money  needeth  no  purse,  1 16. 
He  that  hath  nothing  is  not  contented*  15. 
He  that  hath  one  of  his  family  hanged,  may  not  say  to  his 

neighbour,  Hang  up  this  fish,  278. 
He  that  hath  plenty  of  good,  shall  have  more  ;  he  that  hath 

but  little,  he  shall  have  less,  195. 
He  that  hath  shipped  the  devil  must  make  the  best  of  him,  85. 
He  that  hath  some  land  must  have  some  labour,  109. 
He  that  hath  time,  and  looketh  for  mc^e,  loseth  time. 
He  that  hears  much,  and  speaks  not  all,  shall  be  welcome  both 

in  bower  and  hall,  102. 
He  that  helpeth  the  evil  hurteth  the  good. 
He  that  hews  above  his  height  may  have  chips  in  his  eyes,  238. 
He  that  hires  one  garden  (which  he  is  able  to  look  after)  eats 

birds ;  he  that  hires  more  than  one  will  be  eaten  by  the 

birds,  273. 
He  that  hires  the  horse  must  ride  before,  105. 
He  that  his  money  lends  loses  both  coin  and  friends. 
He  that  hoardeth  up  money  taketh  pains  for  other  men. 
He  that  hopes  no  good  fears  no  ill. 
He  that  hinders  not  a  mischief  when  it  is  in  his  power,  is 

guilty  of  it. 
He  that  ill  does  ne'er  gude  weens,  239. 
He  that  imagines  he  hath  knowledge  enough  hath  none. 
He  that  in  his  purse  lacks  money,  has  iu  Ip  mouth  much 

need  of  honey. 


A  OOMPLSTI  AUfHAiSET  Or  PBOTXBBB.  38:1 

He  that  inyented  the  maiden  fint  hanselled  it.     Scotek. 

He  that  is  a  blab  is  a  scab,  72. 

He  that  is  a  wise  man  by  day  is  no  fool  by  night. 

He  that  is  afraid  o'  a  f— t  shoa'd  ne^er  hear  thunder,  239. 

He  that  is  angry  is  seldom  at  ease,  1 . 

He  that  is  angry  without  a  caose,  most  be  pleased  without 

amends,  67. 
He  that  is  at  low  ebb  at  Newgate  may  soon  be  afloat  at  Tyi^iru, 

212. 
He  that  is  bom  to  be  hansed  shall  never  be  drowned,  73,  239. 
He  that  is  busy  is  tempted  but  by  one  devil ;  he  that  is  idle, 

by  a  legion. 
He  that  is  carried  down  the  torrent  catcheth  at  every  thing. 
He  that  is  disposed  for  mischief  will  never  want  occasion 
He  that  is  evil  deem*d  is  ha'f  hang'd,  238. 
He  that  is  far  firae  hia  gear  is  near  his  skaith,  238. 
He  that  is  giddy  thinks  the  world  tarns  round. 
He  that  is  hated  o'  his  subjects,  canna  be  a  king,  240. 
He  that  is  heady  is  ruled  by  a  fooL 

He  that  is  ill  o'  his  harbory  is  gude  o'  the  waykenning,  239. 
He  that  is  ill  to  himself  wUl  be  good  to  nobody.     Scotch, 
He  that  is  innocent  may  well  be  confident. 
He  that  is  kinder  than  he  was  wont,  hath  a  design  upon  thee. 
He  that  is  known  to  have  no  money  has  neither  friends  nor 

credit. 
He  that  is  master  of  himself  will  soon  be  master  of  others. 
He  that  is  needy  when  he  is  married,  shall  be  rich  when  he  is 

buried,  42. 
He  that  is  not  above  an  injury  is  below  himself. 
He  that  is  not  sensible  of  his  loss  has  lost  nothing. 
'  He  that  is  only  his  own  pupil  shall  have  a  fool  to  his  tutor. 
He  that  is  open  to  flattery  is  fenced  against  admonition. 
He  that  is  poor  all  his  kindred  scorn  him,  he  that  is  rich  all 

are  kin  to  him. 
He  that  is  proud  of  his  fine  clothes  gets  his  reputation  from 

his  tailor. 
He  that  is  red  for  windlestraws  shou'd  na  sleep  in  lees,  239. 
He  that  is  silent  gathers  stones,  132. 
He  that  is  suffered  to  do  more  than  is  fitting,  will  do  more 

than  is  lawful,  8. 
He  that  is  surety  for  another  is  never  sure  himself. 


390  A.  COMPLETE  iJ.?HABET  OF  FSOTEliBB. 

He  that  is  too  proad  to  ask  is  too  good  to  receiTe. 

He  that  is  too  secure  is  not  safe. 

He  that  is  thrown  would  ever  wrestle,  20. 

He  that  is  uneasy  at  every  little  pain  is  nefvr  without  ■omt 

ache. 
He  that  is  well  sheltered  is  a  fool  if  he  stirs  out  into  the  raiu. 
He  that  is  won  with  a  nut  may  he  lost  with  an  apple. 
He  that  is  worst  may  still  hold  the  candle,  145. 
He  that  keeps  another  man's  dog,  shall  hare  nothing  left  him 

but  the  line,  86. 
He  that  keeps  malice  harbours  a  viper  in  his  breast. 
He  that  keeps  up  his  riches  and  lives  poorly,  is  like  an  ass 

that  carries  gold,  and  eats  thistles. 
He  that  kills  a  man  when  he's  drunk  must  be  hang'd  when  he*R 

sober,  88. 
He  that  kiUs  himself  with  working  must  bp  buried  under  the 

gallows,  144. 
He  that  kisseth  his  wife  in  the  market-place,  shall  have  enough 

to  teach  him,  108. 
He  that  knows  when  to  speak,  knows  too  when  to  be  silent. 

Archimedes, 
He  that  knows  least  commonly  presumes  most. 
He  that  knows  little  soon  repeats  it,  104. 
He  that  knows  not  how  to  hold  his  tongue,  knows  not  how  to 

talk. 
He  that  labours  and  thrives  spins  gold,  12. 
He  that  laughs  at  his  ain  joke  spoUs  the  sport  o't,  237. 
He  that  laughs  alone  will  be  sport  in  company. 
He  that  leaves  certainty,  and  trusts  to  chance,  when  fools  pipe 

he  may  dance,  77» 
He  that  leaves  the  highway  for  a  short  cut  commonly  goe^ 

about. 
He  that  lends  his  pat  may  seethe  hu  kail  in  his  loof,  237. 
He  that  lets  his  fish  escape,  may  cast  his  net  often,  yet  nevet 

catch  it  again. 
He  that  lets  his  horse  drink  at  every  lake,  and  his  wife  so  to 

every  wake,  shall  never  be  without  a  whore  and  a  jade, 

22. 
He  that  licks  honey  from  a  nettle  pays  too  dear  for  it,  1  i 
He  that  lies  down  with  the  dogs  must  rise  with  the  fleas,  87. 
He  that  lieth  upon  the  ground  can  fall  no  lower. 


A   COliPLSTE   ALPHABET  OF   PBOVKEBS.  ii)pi 

He  that  lippens  to  boden  ploughs,  his  land  will  lie  ley,  ?36. 
He  that  listens  for  what  people  say  of  him  shall  never  hare 

peace. 
He  that  lives  a  knave  will  hardly  die  an  honest  man,  13. 
He  that  lives  long  suffers  much. 

He  that  lives  not  well  one  year,  sorrows  for  it  seven,  13. 
He  that  hves  on  hope  has  but  a  slender  diet,  237. 
He  that  lives  with  die  muses  shall  die  in  the  straw. 
He  that  liveth  in  hope  danceth  without  a  fiddle,  11. 
He  that  looks  for  a  requital,  serves  himself,  not  me. 
He  that  looks  na  ere  he  loup  will  fa'  ere  he  wit  o'  himsel,  239  > 
He  that  looks  to  freets,  freets  follow  him,  238. 
He  that  looks  too  nicely  into  things  never  lives  easy. 
He  that  loseth  his  wife  and  sixpence  hath  lost  a  tester,  43. 
He  that  loseth  his  wife  and  a  farthing  hath  a  great  loss  of  a 

farthing,  43. 
He  that  loves  noise  must  buy  a  pig,  119. 
He  that  loves  glass  without  a  6,  take  away  L,  and  that  is  he,  42. 
He  that  makes  a  good  war  makes  a  good  peace,  21. 
He  that  makes  a  question  where  there  is  no  doubt,  must  make 

an  answer  where  there  is  no  reason. 
He  that  makes  himself  an  ass,  must  not  take  it  ill  if  men  ride 

him. 
He  that  makes  himself  a  sheep  shall  be  eaten  by  the  wolf,  131 . 
He  that  makes  his  bed  ill  lies  thereon,  2. 
He  that  makes  one  basket  may  make  a  hundred. 
He  that  makes  the  shoe  can't  tan  the  leather. 
He  that  maketh  a  fire  of  straw  hath  much  smoke,  and  but 

little  warmth. 
He  that  marries  a  daw  eats  meikle  dirt,  239. 
He  that  marries  a  widow  and  three  children  marries  font 

thieves,  45. 
He  that  marries  ere  he  be  wise,  will  die  ere  he  thrive,  239. 
He  that  marrieth  for  wealth  sells  his  Hberty,  14. 
He  that  may  na  as  he  wa*d,  maun  do  as  he  may,  238. 
He  that  measureth  oil,  shall  anoint  his  fingers,  120. 
He  that  mindeth  not  his  own  business  shall  never  be  trusted 

with  mine. 
He  thafnothing  questioneth  nothing  leameth. 
He  that  overcomes  his  paasions  overcomes  his  greatest  enemiea. 
He  that  overfeeds  his  senses  feasteth  his  enemies. 


3i^2      A  COMFLKIS  ALPHABET  OX*  PBOTSSBS. 

He  that  passeth  a  judgment  aa  he  runa,  overtaketh  repentance. 

He  that  passeth  a  winter's  day  escapes  an  enemy,  143« 

He  that  payeth  before  hand  shall  have  his  work  ill  done . 

He  that  pays  last  never  pays  twice,  123. 

He  that  pitieth  another  remembereth  himself,  16. 

He  that  plants  trees  loves  others  besides  himself. 

He  that  plays  more  than  he  sees,  forfeits  his  eyes  to  tbe  king, 

125. 
He  that  praiseth  bestows  a  favour,  he  that  detracts  commits  a 

robbery. 
He  that  praiseth  publicly  will  slander  privately. 
He  that  preacheth  up  war,  when  it  might  well  be  avoided,  is 

the  devil's  chaplain,  21. 
He  that  prepares  for  ill,  gives  the  blow  a  meeting,  and  breaks 

its  stroke. 
He  that  promises  too  much  means  nothing. 
He  that  protects  an  ill  man  may  live  to  repent  it. 
He  that  pryeth  into  the  clouds  may  be  struck  with  a  thunder* 

bolt,  126. 
He  that  puts  on  a  public  gown  must  put  off  a  private  peraon. 
He  that  reckoneth  before  his  host  must  reckon  again,  12/. 
He  that  regardeth  not  his  reputation  despiseth  virtue. 
He  that  regards  not  a  penny  will  lavish  a  pound. 
He  that  refuseth  praise  the  first  time  does  it  because  he  would 

have  it  the  second. 
He  that  thinks  too  much  of  his  virtues,  bids  others  think  of 

his  vices. 
He  that  repents  of  a  fault  upon  right  grounds,  is  almost  in- 
nocent. 
He  that  requites  a  benefit  pays  a  great  debt 
He  that  resolves  to  deal  with  none  but  honest  men,  must  leave 

off  dealing. 
He  that  returns  a  good  for  evil  obtains  the  victory. 
He  that  rewards  flattery,  begs  it. 

He  that  rides  ere  he  be  ready  wants  some  o'  his  gear,  241. 
He  that  runs  fast  will  not  run  long. 
He  that  runs  fastest  gets  most  ground,  129. 
He  that  runs  fastest  gets  the  ring,  129. 
He  that  runs  in  the  dark  may  well  stumble,  1 5. 
He  that  runs  out  by  extravaga.'icy,  must  retrieve  by  parsimouy. 
He  that  saveth  his  dinner  will  hnve  the  more  for  supper.  8.^. 


A  COMPLETB  ALPHABET  07  PUOTSBBS.       393 

He  that  scattereth  thorns  must  not  go  barefoot,  20. 

He  that  scoffs  at  the  crooked  had  need  go  very  upright  hiiu- 

self. 
He  that  seeks  a'  opinions,  comes  ill  speed,  238. 
He  that  seeks  danger  perisheth  therein  unpitied. 
He  that  seeks  mots,  gets  mots,  238. 
He  that  seeks  to  beguile  is  overtaken  in  his  will. 
He  that  seeks  trouble  it  were  a  pity  he  should  miss  it.    Scotch. 
He  that  serves  everybody  is  paid  by  nobody. 
He  that  serves  the  public  obliges  nobody.     Ital. 
He  that  serves  well  need  not  be  afraid  to  ask  his  wages. 
He  that  sets  his  net  betimes,  may  expect  a  fuller  draught  than 

he  that  fishes  later. 
He  that  shames  let  him  be  shent,  239. 
He  that  sharply  chides  is  the  most  ready  to  pardon. 
He  that  sheweth  his  wealth  to  a  thief  is  the  cause  of  his  own 

pillage. 
He  that  shews  a  passion,  tells  his  enemy  where  he  may  hit 

him. 
He  that  shews  his  purse,  longs  to  be  rid  of  it,  127,  238. 
He  that  shippeth  the  devil  must  make  the  best  of  him,  85. 
He  that  shoots  always  right  forfeits  his  arrow,  268. 
He  that  sings  on  Friday  shall  weep  on  Sunday,  19. 
He  that  sits  to  work  in  the  market-place  shall  have  many 

teachers. 
He  that  slays  shall  be  slain,  239. 
He  that  suites  his  nose,  and  hath  it  not,  forfeits  his  face  to  the 

long,  63. 
He  that  sows  in  the  highway  tires  his  oxen,  and  loseth  his  com. 
He  that  sows  iniquity  shall  reap  sorrow. 
He  that  sows  thistles  shall  reap  prickles. 
He  that  spares  the  bad  injures  the  good. 
He  that  spares  when  he  is  young,  may  spend  when  he  is  old. 
He  that  speaks  ill  of  his  wife  dishonoureth  himself. 
He  that  speaks  lavishly,  shall  hear  as  knavishly,  133. 
He  that  speaks  me  fair  and  loves  me  not,  I'll  speak  him  fnir 

and  trust  him  not,  1 9 
He  that  speaks,  aows ;  he  that  hears,  reaps,  19. 
He  that  speaks  the  things  he  should  na,  bears  the  things  he 

vra'd  na,  238. 
He  that  speaks  without  care,  shall  remember  with  sorrow. 


394       ▲  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OP  PE0VEMB8. 

He  that  spends  his  gear  on  a  whore,  has  baith  shame  an'  skaith 

298. 
He  that  spends  without  regard  shall  want  without  pitj. 
He  that  stays  in  the  valley  shall  never  get  over  the  hill,  139. 
He  that  steals  can  hide. 

He  that  strikes  my  dog,  would  strike  me  if  he  durst. 
He  that  strikes  with  his  tongue  must  ward  with  his  head,  21. 
He  that  strikes  with  the  sword  shalT  be  beaten  with  the  scab* 

bard,  185. 
He  that  stumbles,  and  falls  not  quite,  gains  a  step. 
He  that  sups  upon  salad  goes  not  to  bed  fasting. 
He  that  swallowed  a  gudgeon,  53. 
He  that  sweareth  falsely,  denieth  God. 
He  that  takes  no  care  of  himself  must  not  expect  it  from 

others. 
He  that  takes  not  up  a  pin  slights  his  wife,  16. 
He  that  takes  pet  at  a  feast  loses  it  aU. 
He  that  takes  the  devil  into  his  boat  must  carry  him  over  the 

sound,  85. 
He  that  takes  too  great  a  leap  falls  into  the  ditch. 
He  that  taks  a*  his  gear  frae  himsel'  and  gies  to  his  bairns,  it 
were  weel  waird  to  tak  a  mell  an'  knock  out  his  hames, 
240. 
He  that  talks  to  himself,  talks  to  a  fool,  237. 
He  that  teaches  himself  has  a  fool  for  his  master,  238. 
He  that  tells  a  lie  buffeteth  himself. 
He  that  tells  his  wife  news,  is  but  lately  married,  44. 
He  that  thatches  his  house  with  t — d  shall  have  more  teachers 

than  reachers,  136. 
He  that  the  devil  drives  feels  no  lead  at  his  heels. 
He  that  thinks  himself  a  cuckold  carries  live  coals  in  his  heart 
He  that  thinks  his  business  below  him,  will  always  be  above 

his  business. 
He  that  tholes  o'ercomes,  239. 
He  that  ties  up  another  man's  dog  shall  have  nothing  left  but 

the  line. 
He  that  travels  far  knows  much,  137. 
He  that  trusteth  to  the  world  is  sure  to  be  deceived. 
He  that  trusts  to  borrowed  ploughs  will  have  his  land  h» 

fallow. 
He  that  twa  huirds  is  able  to  get  the  third,  239. 


A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PBOVERBS.       395 

He  that  wad  eat  the  kernel  maan  crack  the  nat,  238. 

He  that  waits  for  dead  men's  shoes  may  go  long  enough  hare- 
foot,  84. 

He  that  waits  upon  another's  trencher,  makes  many  a  little 
dinner,  21. 

He  that  walketh  with  the  virtuous  is  one  of  them. 

He  that  wants  health  wants  ererything.     Fr. 

He  that  wants  hope  is  the  poorest  man  alive. 

He  that  wants  money  is  accounted  among  those  that  want  wit. 

He  that  was  bom  under  a  three-half-penny  planet  shall  never 
be  worth  two-pence,  73. 

He  that  wears  black,  must  hang  a  brush  at  his  back,  72 

He  that  weighs  the  wind  must  have  a  steady  hand. 

He  that  will  conquer  must  fight. 

He  that  will  deceive  the  fox  must  rise  betimes,  8. 

He  that  will  enter  Paradise  must  come  vrith  a  right  key,  16. 

He  that  will  have  no  trouble  in  this  world  must  not  be  bom 

ID  It. 

He  that  will  have  the  kernel  must  crack  the  shell,  89. 

He  that  will  make  a  door  of  gold  must  knock  in  a  nail 

every  day* 
He  that  will  meddle  with  all  things  may  go  shoe  the  goslings, 

115. 
He  that  will  not  go  orer  the  stile  must  be  thrust  through  the 

gate,  134. 
He  that  will  not  bear  the  itch  must  endure  the  smart,  107. 
He  that  will  not  be  counselled  cannot  be  helped,  5. 
He  that  will  not  be  ruled  by  his  own  dame,  must  be  ruled  by 

his  stepdame,  84. 
He  that  will  not  be  saved  needs  no  sermon,  17. 
He  that  will  not  look  before  him  must  look  behind  him.   Qaelie. 
He  that  will  not  sail  till  aU  dangers  are  over,  must  never  put 

to  sea,  129. 
He  that  vrill  not  sail  till  he  have  a  full  fair  wind  will  lose  many 

a  voyage. 
He  that  will  not  stoop  for  a  pin  shall  never  be  worth  a  point, 

124,  239. 
He  that  vrill  not  suffer  evil  must  never  think  of  preferment. 
He  that  vnll  not  when  he  may,  when  he  wills  shall  have  nay 

142,  239. 
He  that  will  outwit  the  fox  must  rise  betiroeii. 


S96  A  COUPLETS  ALPHABET  OF  PDOVEBBB. 

He  t'hat  will  sell  lawn  miut  learn  to  fold  it,  109. 

He  that  will  steal  a  pin  will  steal  a  better  thing.  134. 

He  that  will  steal  an  egg  will  steal  an  ox,  134. 

He  that  will  thrive,  must  rise  at  five ;  he  that  hath  thriven,  auj 

lie  till  seven,  137. 
He  that  winketh  with  one  eye  and  seeth  with  the  other,  1 

would  not  tmst  him,  though  he  were  my  brother,  9!. 
He  that  winna  read  mother-head  shall  hear  step -mother  head, 

238. 
He  that  winna  thole  maun  flit  mony  a  hole,  238. 
He  that  winna  when  he  may,  shanna  when  he  wa'd,  142,  239. 
He  that  woos  a  maid,  must  seldom  come  in  her  sight,  bat  he 

that  woos  a  widow  must  woo  her  day  and  night,  43. 
He  that  woos  a  maid  must  feign,  lie,  and  flatter,  but  he  that 

woos  a  widow,  must  down  with  his  breeches  and  at  her,  43. 
He  that  worketh  wickedness  by  another  is  wicked  himself. 
He  that  works  journey-work  with  the  devil,  shall  never  want 

work. 
He  that  would  an  old  wife  wed,  must  eat  an  apple  before  he 

goes  to  bed,  42. 
He  that  would  be  a  head  let  him  be  a  bridge,  269. 
He  that  would  be  well  served  must  know  when  to  change 

his  servants. 
He  that  by  the  plough  would  thrive,  himself  must  either  hold 

or  drive. 
He  that  would  do  no  ill,  must  do  all  good,  or  sit  still. 
He  that  would  eat  a  butter' d  faggot,  let  him  go  to  North- 
ampton, 217. 
He  that  would  eat  a  good  dinner,  let  him  eat  a  good  breakfast, 

85. 
He  that  would  England  win,  must  with  Ireland  first  b^;in. 
He  that  would  hang  his  dog  gives  out  first  that  he  is  mad,  86. 
He  that  would  have  a  bad  morning  may  walk  out  in  a  fog  after 

a  frost. 
He  that  would  have  good  luck  in  horses,  must  kiss  the  par- 
son's wife,  62. 
He  that  would  have  the  fruit  must  climb  the  tree. 
He  that  would  know  what  shall  be,  must  consider  what  batii 

been. 
He  that  would  learn  to  pray,  let  him  go  to  sea,  1 25. 
He  that  would  live  for  aye,  must  eat  sage  in  May,  27* 


A   COMPLETE  ALPHABET   OF  PB0TEBB8.  397 

hie  taat  would  live  in  peace  and  rest,  must  hear,  and  sec.  aud 

say  the  best,  123. 
He  that  would   please  all,  and  himself  too,  undertakes  what 

he  cannot  do,  1 25. 
He  that  would  rightly  understand  a  man,  must  read  his  whole 

story. 
He  that  would  take  a  Lancashire  man  at  any  time  or  tide, 

must  bait  his  hook  with  a  good  egg  pie,  or  an  apple  with 

a  red  side,  209. 
He  that  would  the  daughter  win,  must  with  the  mother  first 

begin,  43. 
He  that  would  thrive  by  law  must  see  hia  enemy's  counsel  as 

well  as  his  own. 
He  that  would  thrive  must  ask  leave  of  his  wife. 
He  that  wrestles  with  a  t — d  is  sure  to  be  bes — t,  whether  hr 

fall  over  or  under,  145. 
He  that's  afraid  of  every  nettle  must  not  piss  in  the  grass,  66. 
He  that's  afraid  of  leaves  must  not  come  in  a  wood,  66. 
He  that's  afraid  of  the  wagging  of  feathers,  must  keep  from 

among  wild  fowl,  66, 
He  that's  afraid  of  wounds  must  not  come  nigh  a  battle,  66. 
He  that's  afraid  to  do  good  would  do  ill  if  he  durst. 
He  that*s  always  shooting,  must  sometimes  hit. 
He  that's  angry  without  a  cause  must   be  pleased  without 

amends. 
He  that's  carried  down  the  stream  needs  not  row. 
He  that's  cheated  twice  by  the  same  man  is  an  accomplice  with 

the  cheater. 
He  that's  down,  down  with  him,  cries  the  world,  87. 
He  that*s  full,  takes  no  care  for  him  that's  fiisting. 
He  that's  ill  to  himself  will  be  good  to  nobody,  237. 
He  that's  manned  with  boys,  and  horsed  with  colts,  shall  have 

his  meat  eaten,  and  his  work  undone,  114. 
He  that's  needy  when  he's  married,  shall  be  rich  when  he  is 

buried,  42. 
He  that's  not  handsome  at  twenty,  strong  at  thirty^  wise  at 

forty,  rich  at  fifty,  will  never  be  hanckome,  strong,  wise, 

or  rich. 
He  that's  sick  of  a  fever  lurden,  must  be  cured  by  the  haie^. 

gelding,  113. 
He  thinks  every  bush  a  boggard,  152. 


S98  ▲    CX)MFLETE   ALPUABST  OF  PBOT£BB« 

He  thinks  himself  wondroos  fine,  49. 

He  thinks  himsel  meikle  mice  dirt,  241. 

He  thinks  himsel  nae  page's  peer,  241. 

He  thinks  his  fart  as  sweet  as  musk,  159. 

He  thinks  his  penny  good  silver,  1 74. 

He  thought  to  have  turned  iron  into  gold,  and  he  tamed  gold 

into  iron. 
He  threatens  many  that  is  injurious  to  one. 
He  tint  ne'er  a  cow  that  grat  for  a  needle,  240. 
He  toils  like  a  dog  in  a  wheel,  who  roasts  meat  for  other 

people's  eating,  63. 
He  toucheth  it  as  warily  as  a  cat  doth  a  coal  of  fire. 
He  to  whom  God  gave  no  sons,  the  devil  gives  nephews.    Span, 
He  travelled  with  Munchausen. 
He  useth  the  rake  more  than  the  fork. 
He  wa'd  fain  be  forward,  if  he  wiat  how,  241. 
He  wad  gar  a  man  trow  that  the  moon  is  made  o'  green  cheese, 

or  tibat  the  cat  took  the  heron,  241. 
He  wa'd  na  gie  ae  inch  o'  his  will  for  a  span  o'  his  thrift,  241. 
He  wa'd  need  a  hale  pow  that  ca's  his  neeghbour  nitty  pow, 

239. 
He  wa'd  rake  hell  for  a  l»odie,  240. 
He  wags  a  wand  :'  vae  water,  241. 
He  wants  :jotnmg  now,  but  the  itch,  to  scratch. 
He  was  born  at  Little  Witthara,  211 . 
He  was  born  in  a  mill ;  •'.  $.  he's  deaf,  56. 
He  was  bom  in  August,  240. 
He  was  bom  with  a  silver  spoon  in  his  mouth. 
He  was  bom  within  the  sound  of  Bow  bell,  214. 
He  was  christened  with  pump  water,  58. 
He  was  hanged  that  left  his  drink  behind,  6,  52. 
He  was  lapped  in  his  mother's  smock,  1 68. 
He  was  scarce  of  news,  who  told  that  his  father  was  hanged, 

239. 
He  was  slain  that  had  warning,  not  he  that  took  it,  267. 
He  was  the  bee  that  made  the  honey,  238. 
He  washes  his  sheep  with  scalding  water,  65. 
He  washes  the  Ethiopian,  65. 
He  wats  na  whilk  end  o'  him's  uppermost,  238. 
He  wears  the  bull's  feather,  50. 
He  wears  short  hose,  243. 


A   C0MPL£T1B  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTABBS.  .199 

He  srean  the  horns. 

He  who  avoids  the  temptation  ayoids  the  sin.   Span, 

He  who  beggeth  for  others  is  contriving  for  himself. 

He  who  bays  and  sells  does  not  miss  what  he  spends. 

He  who  cannot  counterfeit  a  friend,  can  never  be  a  dangerous 

enemy. 
He  who  commences  many  things,  finishes  but  few.    Ital, 
He  who  conceals  an  useful  truth,  is  equally  guilty  with  the 

propagator  of  an  injurious  faJaehood.    Augu%im$, 
He  who  converses  with  nobody,  is  either  a  brute  or  an  angel. 
He  who  deals  with  a  blockhead  will  have  need  of  much  brains. 

Span, 
He  who  depends  on  another,  dines  ill  and  sups  worse. 
He  who  desireth  to  sleep  soundly,  let  him  buy  the  bed  of  a 

bankrupt,  19. 
He  who  despises  his  own  life  is  master  of  that  of  others.  ItaL 
He  who  dies  of  threats  must  be  rung  to  church  by  farts,  20. 
He  who  does  not  honour  his  wife  dishonours  himself.     Span, 
He  who  does  not  kill  hogs  will  not  get  black  puddings.  Span, 
He  who  doth  not  rise  early  never  does  a  good  day's  work. 
He  who  doth  his  own  business,  defileth  not  his  fingers.     Itdl, 
He  who  doth  the  injury  never  forgives  the  injured  man. 
He  who  eats  the  meat,  let  him  pick  the  bone.     Span, 
He  who  fasteth  and  doeth  no  good,  saveth  his  bread,  but  loseth 

his  soul. 
He  who  fears  death  has  already  lost  the  life  he  covets.     Cato. 
He  who  fears  bis  servants  is  less  than  a  servant.  JPublitu  Syrm, 
He  who  findeth  fault  meaneth  to  buy. 
He  who  follows  his  own  advice  must  take  the  consequences. 

Span, 
He  who  gets  doth  much,  but  he  who  keeps  doth  more. 
He  who  gives  fair  words  feeds  you  with  an  empty  spoon. 
He  who  gives  to  the  public  gives  to  no  one.     Span, 
He  who  greases  his  wheels  helps  his  oxen. 
He  who  has  an  art,  has  everywhere  a  part.     Itdl, 
He  who  has  but  one  coat  cannot  lend  it.     Span. 
He  who  has  no  shame  has  no  conscience.     Span. 
He  who  has  not  bread  to  spare  should  not  keep  a  dog.    Spaitu 
He  who  hath  a  trade  hath  a  share  everywhere. 
He  who  hath  an  ill  cause  let  him  sell  it  cheap. 
He  who  hath  an  iU  name  is  half  hanged. 


4 JO  k   COMPLETE   ALPHABET   OF   PBOTERBS. 

He  who  hath  hitter  in  his  breagt  spits  not  sweet. 

He  who  hath  but  one  hog,  makes  him  fat ;  and  he  who  hath 
but  one  son  makes  him  a  fool,  \b. 

He  who  hath  done  ill  once  will  do  it  again. 

He  who  hath  good  health  is  yonng ;  and  he  is  rich  who  owes  no- 
thing. 

He  who  hath  much  pease  may  pat  the  more  in  the  pot»  16. 

He  who  hath  no  ill-fortune,  is  cloyed  with  good,  8. 

He  who  intrigues  with  a  married  woman  has  his  life  in  pledge. 
Span, 

He  who  is  a  good  paymaster  is  lord  of  another  man's  purse,  10. 

He  who  is  about  to  marry  should  consider  how  it  is  with    his 
neighbours. 

He  who  is  ashamed  of  his  calUng,  ever  liveth  shamefully  in  it 

He  who  is  bom  a  fool  is  never  cured. 

He  who  is  the  offender,  is  never  the  forgiver. 

He  who  is  wanting  but  to  one  friend,  loseth  a  great  many  by 
it,  15. 

He  who  is  well  and  seeks  ill,  if  it  comes  God  help  him.    S^pim. 

He  who  killeth  a  lion  when  absent,  feareth  a  mouse  when  pre- 
sent. 

He  who  knows  himself  best  esteems  himself  least. 

He  who  knows  nothing  is  confident  in  everything. 

He  who  laugheth  too  much,  hath  the  nature  of  a  fool ;  he  that 
laugheth  not  at  all,  hath  the  nature  of  an  old  cat. 

He  who  hes  long  in  bed  his  estate  feels  it,  2. 

He  who  hves  after  nature,  shall  never  be  poor ;  after  opinion, 
shall  never  be  rich.     Seneca, 

He  who  loses  money,  loses  much  ;  he  who  loses  a  friend,  loses 
more  ;  but  he  who  loses  his  spirits,  loses  all.     Span, 

He  whr  loseth  a  whore  is  a  great  gainer,  45. 

He  who  makes  an  idol  of  his  interest  makes  a  martyr  of  his 
integrity. 

He  who  marries  a  vndow  will  often  have  a  dead  man's  head 
thrown  in  his  dish,  14. 

He  who  marrieth  does  well,  but  he  who  marrieth  not,  better,  48. 

He  who  more  than  he  is  worth  doth  spend,  e'en  makes  a  rope 
his  life  to  end,  19. 

He  who  never  was  sick,  dies  the  first  fit 

He  who  once  a  good  name  gets,  may  piss  a  bed,  and  say  be 
sweats,  14. 


X  COHPLSTX  ALPHJLBKT  OF  PROTEBBS.  401 

He  who  ODce  hits  will  be  ever  shooting. 

He  who  oweth  is  all  in  the  wrong,  16. 

He  who  peeps  through  a  hole  may  see  what  will  vex  him. 

He  who  plants  a  walnut-tree,  expects  not  to  eat  of  the  fruit. 

He  who  promises  runs  in  debt,  1 7. 

He  who  repeats  the  ill  he  hears  of  another  is  the  true  slanderer, 

271. 
He  who  revealeth  his  secret,  maketh  himself  a  slave,  1 7 
He  who  rides  behind  another  does  not  travel  when  he  pleases. 

Span. 
He  who  says  what  he  likes,  hears  what  he  does  not  like.  Span. 
He  who  serves  the  public  hath  but  a  scurvy  master. 
He  who  shares  has  the  worst  share.     Span. 
He  who  shareth  honey  with  the  bear,  hath  the  least  part  of  it. 
He  who  sows  brambles  must  not  go  barefoot.     Span. 
He  who  sows  his  laud  trusts  in  God,  40. 

He  who  sows  thorns  will  never  reap  grapes,  271. 

He  who  spends  more  than  he  should,  shall  not  have  to  spend 
when  he  would,  1 9. 

He  who  stumbles  twice  over  one  stone,  deserves  to  break  his 
shins.     Span. 

He  who  swells  in  prosperity  will  shrink  in  adversity. 

He  who  thinks  he  knows  the  most  knows  the  least.     Ital. 

He  who  threateneth,  hunteth  after  a  revenge. 

He  who  trusteth  not,  is  not  deceived. 

He  who  trusts  all  things  to  chance,  makes  a  lottery  of  his  life. 

He  who  wants  content,  can't  find  an  easy  chair. 

He  who  will  be  his  own  master,  often  hath  a  fool  for  his 
scholar. 

He  who  will  have  no  judge  but  himself,  condemns  himself. 

He  who  vrill  stop  every  man's  mouth,  must  have  a  great  deal  of 
meal. 

He  who  works  in  the  market  place  has  many  teachers.    Span. 

He  who  would  catch  fish  must  not  mind  getting  wet.     Span, 

He  who  would  have  a  hare  for  breakfast,  must  hunt  over  night, 
10. 

He  who  would  reap  well  must  sow  well. 

He  whose  father  is  judge  goes  safe  to  his  trial. 

He  will  gae  to  hell  for  the  house  profit,  234. 

He  will  gar  a  deaf  man  hear,  240. 

He  will  get  credit  o'  a  house  fu'  o'  unbor'd  mill-stanes,  241 

D  B 


402       A  COMPLETE  ALPHABET  OF  PBOTEBBS. 

He  will  have  a  finger  in  every  pie. 

He  will  ill  catch  a  bird  flying,  that  cannot  keep  his  owu  in  « 

cage. 
He  will  never  get  to  heaven  that  desires  to  go  thither  aloue. 
He  will  never  set  the  Thames  on  fire. 
He  will  see  daylight  through  a  little  hole,  240. 
He  will  shoot  higher  that  shoots  at  the  moon,  than  he  thn: 

shoots  at  a  donghill,  though  he  miss  the  mark. 
He  winna  send  yoa  away  wi'  a  sair  heart,  238. 
He  woos  for  cake  an'  puding,  238. 
He  would  be  quarter-master  at  home  if  his  wife  would  let  him, 

175. 
He  would  fain  fly,  but  wants  feathers. 
He  would  flay  a  flint,  64,  160. 
He  would  gang  a  mile  to  flit  a  sow,  239. 
He  would  get  money  in  a  desert,  161. 
He  would  five  as  long  as  old  Bosse  of  Pottern,  who  lived  till 

all  the  world  was  weary  of  him,  58. 
He  would  live  even  in  a  gravel  pit,  53. 

He  would  not  lend  his  knife,  no,  not  to  the  devil,  to  stab  him- 
self, 12. 
He  wounded  a  dead  man  to  the  heart. 
He  wrongs  not  an  old  man  who  steals  his  supper  from  bim, 

15,  31. 
He'd  skin  a  louse,  and  send  the  hide  to  market,  271. 
He*il  as  soon  eat  sand  as  do  a  good  turn. 
He'll  bear  away  the  bell. 

He'll  bear  it  away,  if  it  be  not  too  hot  or  too  heavy,  70. 
He'll  bring  buckle  and  thong  together,  151 
He'll  dance  to  nothing  but  his  own  pipe. 
He'll  do  justice,  right  or  wrong,  54. 
He'll  dress  an  egg  and  give  the  offal  to  the  poor,  64. 
He'll  eat  till  he  sweats,  and  work  till  he  freezes. 
He'll  find  money  for  mischief,  when  he  can  find  none  ff»r 

corn. 
Hell  find  some  hole  to  creep  out  at,  166. 
He'll  gie  you  the  whistle  o'  your  groat,  237. 
He'll  go  to  law  for  the  wagging  of  a  straw,  168. 
He'll  have  the  last  word  though  he  talk  bilk  for  it,  150. 
He'll  have  enough  one  day,  when  his  mouth  is  full  of  mould, 

158. 


4   COHPl£Tl?    ALP UAB£T   OF   PAOTKRltS.  403 

He*ll  laagh  at  the  wagging  of  a  straw,  55. 

He'll  make  an  ill  rinner  that  canna  gang,  237. 

Hc*ll  make  nineteen  bits  of  a  bilberry,  150. 

He'll  mend  when  he  grows  better,  like  sour  ale  in  summer. 

He'll  ne'er  do  right,  nor  suffer  wrong. 

He'll  ne'er  get  a  pennyworth  that  is  afraid  to  ask  the  price. 

He'll  ne'er  have  enough  till  his  mouth  is  full  of  mould,  15i^. 

He'U  neither  do  right,  nor  suffer  wrong,  176. 

He'll  never  dow,  157. 

He'll  not  let  anybody  lie  by  him,  64. 

He'll  not  lose  the  droppings  of  his  nose,  64,  169. 

He'll  not  lose  the  paring  of  his  nails,  169. 

He'll  not  put  off  his  doublet  before  he  goes  to  bed,  157. 

He'll  play  a  small  game  rather  than  stand  out,  174.  , 

He*  11  rather  die  with  thirst,  than  take  the  pains  to  draw  water; 

He*ll  soon  be  a  beggar  that  canna  say  ua,  237. 

He'll  split  a  hair,  179. 

He'll  swear  the  devil  out  of  hell,  179. 

He'U  swear  a  dagger  out  of  sheath,  179. 

He'll  swear  through  an  inch  board,  179. 

He'll  swear  'till  he's  black  in  the  face,  179. 

He*ll  tel't  to  nae  mae  tlian  he  meets,  237. 

He'll  turn  rather  than  burn,  138. 

He'll  wag  as  the  bush  wags,  237. 

He's  a  fool  that  is  wiser  abroad  than  at  home. 

He's  a  friend  at  a  sneeze,  the  most  you  can  get  of  him  ip  a 

God  bless  you. 
He's  a  friend  to  none  that  is  a  friend  to  all. 
He*s  a  good  friend  that  speaks  well  of  us  behind  our  backs,  96. 
He's  a  good  man  whom  fortune  makes  better. 
He's  a  hawk  of  the  right  nest,  237. 

He's  a  hot  shot  in  a  mustard-pot  with  his  heels  upright,  62 
He's  a  Httle  fellow,  but  every  bit  of  that  little  is  bad. 
He's  a  long-bowman,  64. 
He*s  a  man  every  inch  of  him.  56. 

He's  a  man  of  able  mind  that  of  a  foe  can  make  a  friend. 
He's  a  pretty  fellow  of  an  orator  that  makes  panegyric  of 

himself. 
He's  a  puddled  stream  from  a  pure  spring. 
He's  a  silly  chiel  that  can  neither  do  nor  say,  237. 
He's  a  thief,  for  he  has  taken  a  cup  too  much. 

D  D  2 


404        A  OOMPLSTS  ALFHABST  OF  PKOTERB^ 

He*B  a  TeWet  trae  heart,  61. 

He's  a  wise  man  that  can  wear  poverty  decentlT. 

He's  a  wise  man  that  leads  passion  by  the  bridle. 

He*8  a  wise  man,  who  can  make  a  fiiend  of  a  foe. 

He's  a  wise  man,  who,  when  he's  weU  off,  can  keep  so. 

He's  about  to  cast  up  his  reckoning  or  accounts,  63. 

He's  aU  to  pieces,  64. 

He's  an  ill  boy  that  goes  like  a  top,  only  while  he's  whipt. 

He's  an  ill  cook  that  can't  lick  his  own  fingers,  81. 

He's  as  brisk  as  bottled  ale. 

He's  as  sharp  as  if  he  liv'd  upon  Tewkesbury  mustard. 

He's  anld  an*  cauld,  an*  ill  to  lie  beside,  237. 

He*s  blown  up,  64. 

He's  bom  in  a  good  hour  who  gets  a  good  name. 

He's  com  fed,  154. 

He's  disguised,  63. 

He's  drinking  at  the  harrow  when  he  should  be  driving  hit 

plough,  164, 
He's  dvnndled  down  from  a  pot  to  a  pipkin. 
He's  fallen  into  a  cow  t — d,  51. 
He's  free  of  Fumbler's  hidl,  161. 
He's  gane  to  the  dog-drive,  237. 
He's  good  in  carding,  50. 
He's  in  clover,  51. 
He's  in  great  want  of  a  bird  that  will  give  a  groat  for  an  oh  I 

72. 
He's  in  his  better  blue  clothes,  49. 
He's  like  a  bagpipe ;  you  never  hear  him  till  his  belly  is  full, 

193. 
He's  like  a  buck  of  the  first  head,  50. 
He's  like  a  cat ;  fling  him  which  way  you  will,  he'll  light  on 

his  legs,  187. 
He's  like  a  fox,  grey  before  he's  good. 
He's  like  a  rabbit,  fat  and  lean  in  twenty-four  hours,  190. 
He's  like  a  swine,  he'll  never  do  good  while  he  lives,  292. 
He's  like  the  singet  cat,  better  than  he's  Ukely,  317* 
He's  metal  to  the  back,  56. 

He's  miserable  indeed  that  must  lock  up  his  miseries. 
He's  my  friend  that  grindeth  at  my  mill,  95. 
He's  my  friend  that  speaks  well  of  me  behind  my  back,  96. 
He's  na  sae  daft  as  he  lets  on,  24 1 . 


A   COMPUSTS   ALPHABET   OF   PROTEUBS.  405 

Ke'B  not  the  best  carpenter  that  makes  the  most  chips. 

He's  overshot  in  his  own  bow. 

He*s  raddled,  63. 

He's  sairest  dung  when  his  ain  wand  dings  him,  240. 

He's  80  full  of  himself  that  he  is  quite  empty. 

He's  80  great  a  thief  that  he'll  even  steal  ihe  commandments. 

He's  steel  to  the  back  bone,  179. 

He's  the  gear  that  winna  tiaik,  237. 

He's  Tom  Tell-troth,  60. 

He's  true  blue ;  he'll  never  stain,  150. 

He's  up  too  soon,  who's  hanged  ere  noon. 

He's  weel  staikit  there-ben  that  will  neither  borrow  nor  len,  240 

He's  well  to  live,  63. 

He's  wise  that  knows  when  he's  well  enough,  237- 

He's  won  with  a  feather  and  lost  with  a  straw. 

Health  and  wealth  create  beauty. 

Health  is  better  than  wealth. 

Health  is  great  riches,  102. 

Health  is  not  valued  till  sickness  comes. 

Health  without  wealth  is  half  a  sickness,  10. 

Hear  a'  parties,  239. 

Hear  tvrice  before  you  speak  once. 

Hearts  may  agree,  though  heads  differ,  102. 

Heaven  is  mine  if  Ood  doth  say  Amen,  269. 

Heaven  will  make  amends  for  all. 

Heaven  without  good  society  cannot  be  heaven. 

Hedgehogs  lodge  among  thorns,  because  they  themselves  arc 

prickly. 
Hedges  have  eyes  and  walls  have  ears. 
Heigh  ho  !  the  devil  is  dead,  52. 
Held  in  gear  helps  weel,  240. 
Hell  and  chancery  are  always  open. 
HeU  is  broken  loose  with  them,  1 65. 
Hell  is  full  of  good  meanings  and  wishes,  but  heaven  is  full  oi 

good  works,  10. 
Hell  is  full  of  the  ungrateful. 
HeU  is  paved  with  good  intentions,  10. 
Hell  IB  wherever  heaven  is  not. 

Hell  will  never  have  its  due,  tiU  it  have  its  hold  oi  yon. 
Help  hands  ;  for  I  have  no  lands,  100. 
Help  the  lame  dog  over  the  itile,  100,  168. 


iOS  A   COMPLETE   ALPHABET  OF    PBOYEBB8. 

Hcn^ten  Down  well  ywrought,  is  worth  London  toivn  dear 

ybought,  200. 
Henry  Chick  ne'er  slew  a  man  till  he  came  near  him,  L-d. 
Hens  ar